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IELTS Writing Task 1 General Topics 2021

IELTS Writing Task 1 General Topics 2021: Change Your Gear & Accelerate for Desired Band Score

The IELTS general writing task is divided into two tasks and writing task 1 asks the aspirants to write letters. The types are again divided into three types-formal, informal and semi-formal. Understanding the type and what the letter aims for the aspirant to write about is a very important step for this task.

Let’s have a structure of how to understand what is the writing task, what is assessed, what are the parameters, what are the topics for 2021 and having a sample to witness how to write a perfect note. Read the article below, so that the structure fits in your mind without any doubts pending.

What is IELTS General Writing Task 1?

In Writing Task 1, test takers are given a scenario and asked to write a personal response in the form of an informal, semi-formal, or formal message of at least 150 words in the assigned answer booklet. The scenarios they are supposed to write about are commonplace and every day.

Some examples: writing to a new job about time management issues, an officer about housing issues, writing to a college accommodation, and so on. writing to a local newspaper about a plan to expand a local airport, and writing to a rental agency about problems with their house’s heating system.

Also Read: What is the Format of the IELTS Exam? Know All about the Latest IELTS Exam Pattern

IELTS General Writing Task 1: Performance Parameters

The writing style used by test takers is determined by who they are writing to (the audience) and how well they are expected to know them. Aspirants must write in a manner that is acceptable for their audience and will assist them in achieving their goals, such as writing to a buddy (casual) or writing to a manager (formal) (semi-formal or formal). There is no need for test-takers to include any addresses at the top of their notes.

Task Achievement

This evaluates how well the response meets the task’s requirements in terms of accuracy, appropriateness, and relevance, using a minimum of 150 words.

General Training Writing Task 1 is a writing task with a largely stable outcome in that each task organizes the context and objective of the letter, as well as the functions that the test taker should encompass to attain this objective.

Coherence and Cohesion

This assesses the message’s overall fluency and clarity: how the response organises and connects information, concepts, and language. The connection of ideas through logical sequencing is referred to as coherence.

Cohesion is the varied and proper use of cohesive devices (such as logical connectors, pronouns, and conjunctions) to aid in the clarification of conceptual and referential ties between and within sentences.

Lexical Resource

This relates to the breadth of vocabulary used by test takers, as well as the accuracy and appropriateness of that language in terms of the job at hand.

Range and Precision of Grammatical Usage

This refers to the range and accuracy with which the test takers used grammar in their sentence composition.

Also Read: IELTS Exam Pattern 2021: Important Dates, Paper Pattern, and Much More!

IELTS General Writing Task 1 Samples

Aspirants must now know that the letters are divided into three types: formal, informal and semiformal. Let’s look at the samples for 2021 so that the aspirants can understand the questions in each type.

IELTS Exam Formal Letter Samples

# Due to an issue at the airport, you missed an overseas flight.

Send an email to the airline. In your message, you state:

Explain what went wrong and caused you to miss your flight.

Describe the impact of missing your flight.

Specify exactly what you want the airline to do.

# You and your family are relocating for employment in another nation, and you want to buy a home there.

Send a note to a real estate agent. In your message, you state:

Tell us about yourself and your family.

Describe the type of lodging you’re looking for.

Indicate your preference for the hotel’s location.

# You and your pals went out to eat at a restaurant to commemorate a momentous event, and you were extremely disappointed.

Write a note to the manager of the restaurant. In your message, you state:

Explain why the occasion is being commemorated.

Give specifics about your restaurant visit.

Tell the restaurant what you want them to do.

# You’ve signed up for a study abroad programme in another nation. Your lodging was booked by the course provider, and there is a significant problem with it.

Send a message to the course’s instructor. In your message, you state:

Introduce yourself and explain the issue.

Describe the type of lodging you expected to receive.

Request that the supplier resolves the issue.


IELTS Preparation: A Sample Answer for Formal Letter

Write a letter to your new employer. In your message Explain your situation Describe your problems Tell him/her when you think you can start. You should write at least 150 words. You do NOT need to write your own address.

I’m writing to apply for the post of Assistant Office Manager, which I’ll start on Monday. However, there is a problem.

As you know, I currently work for my uncle’s food-packing company, where I obtained valuable experience, as you recall from my interview. He had to travel to the hospital for surgery, so my aunt is now in charge of both the house and the business. She has requested me to stay on and assist her with the office operations because this is a particularly hectic time of year.

I understand that this will be inconvenient for you, but I sincerely hope that, given the circumstances, you will be willing to allow me to start with you two weeks later than scheduled.

I’d want to emphasise that I’m still eager to work with you and that I’ll be getting valuable experience in the meantime.

I eagerly await your response.

Yours sincerely

Also Read: How to Write Flow Chart IELTS Writing Task 1? Things to Know about Task 1 Flow Chart

IELTS Exam Informal Letter Samples

# You borrowed something from a friend, but it was ruined later on. Make a letter to a buddy.

You should apologise for it and explain how it was destroyed in your message, as well as how you plan to resolve the problem.

# Your friend invited you out on a date. You were unable to attend due to unforeseen circumstances. Apologize in writing and suggest a new time and location for the meeting.

You should apologise, explain why you won’t be able to make it, and suggest a new time and place to meet in your message.

# You recently spent a weekend in your friend’s new home with her/him. Write your pal a note.

Explain what you appreciate about his new place, say what you enjoyed the most during your stay, and suggest when and where you could meet with her/him again.

IELTS Preparation: A Sample Answer for Informal Letter

You want to sell some of your furniture. You think a friend of yours might like to buy it from you. Write a letter to your friend. In your message Explain why you are selling Describe the furniture Suggest a date when your friend can come and see the furniture Write at least 150 words. You do NOT need to write any addresses.

We’ll be moving to a new house shortly, as you know, and there are a few things I won’t be able to bring with me. Because the new house is a little smaller, I need to sell some of my belongings, and I was hoping you might be interested.

I’d like to sell my large dining table in particular. Do you recall the one from the living room? It has wooden legs and a grey glass top, and it seats six people comfortably. It’s accompanied by six matching chairs.

I know you’ve always enjoyed this furniture, so I’d be willing to sell it to you for a reasonable price. I’d rather sell it to you than to someone I don’t know!

On Saturday, why don’t you come back and take another look at them? We’ll be here all day, so why don’t we meet together for lunch?

Give me a call and let me know what’s going on.

Also Read: What is Linking Words? How to Use Linking Words in IELTS?

IELTS Exam Semi-Formal Letter Samples

# You were unable to attend an important event hosted by your firm.

Send a letter to your boss. In your message, you state:

Apologize for your absence and explain why you were unable to attend.

Please explain why you were unable to attend the other event.

# To go on vacation, you’ll need to take some time off from work.

Write a letter to your immediate supervisor. In your message, you state:

Request time off and explain why you need it.

Please list the dates and hours that you will be unable to work.

Describe how you plan to prepare for or compensate for your absence.

# You were supposed to move into a rented apartment next week, but owing to an unforeseen problem, you will be unable to do so.

To the property management, write a letter. In your message, you say

Describe the incident.

Describe your issues in detail.

Tell him/her when you expect to be able to move in.

# You applied for a job, were offered the position, but chose not to accept it.

Write a letter to the HR manager you met with during your interview. In your message, you state:

Explain why you are turning down the offer.

Describe why you choose to stay in your current role.

Thank you for your consideration.

IELTS Preparation: A Sample Answer for Semi-Formal Letter

Your neighbours have recently written to you to complain about the noise from your house flat. Write a letter to your neighbours. In your letter Explain the reasons for the noise Apologise Describe what action you will take Write at least 150 words.

I hope everything is going well for you. It’s unfortunate that we don’t know each other very well, and I apologise for that. I’m writing in regard to your letter of complaint about the noise from my flat that you sent me yesterday. I apologise for the inconvenience and respectfully request your forgiveness.

My wife and I chose to put a few smoke detectors in our apartment out of worry for our safety, especially after witnessing a horrific fire in our neighbourhood recently. We purchased the devices from an online retailer and began installing and testing them on Sunday.

We tested the devices for around 30 minutes to confirm that the fire alarm sound is loud enough for everyone in the house to hear it. Despite the fact that the testing occurred at noon on Sunday, my wife and I are deeply sorry that your child’s nap was disrupted.

I sincerely apologise for the incident and ask for your pardon. Please take this box of chocolate as a mark of my sincere apologies for whatever inconvenience this has caused you. Next time, we’ll be more cautious.

Yours sincerely,

Also Read: Recent IELTS Writing Topics: Topics and Question for the Year 2021

IELTS General Writing Task 1 Topics for 2021

The topics of 2021 can be based on these-

# Complaint

# Amendment

# Letter to a friend

# Invitation

# Letter of hiring

# Letter to editor

# Topics related to tour and accommodation

# Letter to universities

# Topics related to work

# Topics related to sharing your interests

Also Read: IELTS Letter Writing Sample Topics with Model Answers: A Preparation Kit

IELTS Exam Preparation for General Writing Task 1

This test examines the ability to adhere to English letter-writing rules (i.e., what order to place material in, what style to employ, how to start and end a letter), to use language correctly and appropriately, and to organise and link information clearly and cohesively.

Test takers should also be aware that if their response is off-topic or not written as a complete, connected text, they will be penalised for irrelevance (e.g. using bullet points in any part of the note form, or response, etc.). Plagiarism will result in serious consequences for them (i.e. copying from another source).

Now let’s have a look at some preparation tips to write the letter answers.

Grammar: IELTS Preparation

The most common misunderstanding is the use of contractions, which many IELTS candidates are unaware of.

It will assist if you remember that contractions should only be used in informal letters because they are unattractive. As a result, contractions are not permitted in formal letters.

When drafting a formal letter, use more official language, such as “I am writing this letter with relation to…” In a semi-formal letter, write “I am writing this letter concerning…”, whereas in an informal letter, write “I wish to say…”.

The goal should be to learn how to write a letter in the proper style. To get a high exam result, use a range of grammatical phrase forms and structures.

Right Structure: IELTS Preparation

IELTS candidates frequently make the error of condensing all of the points into a single paragraph. It would be ideal if you separated your thoughts into paragraphs.

Your ability to apply effective paragraphing will also be evaluated by the examiner. This is the most commonly used standard structure for IELTS Letter Writing, which you can utilise in the exam as well.

The structure is:

# Opening Statement – Purpose for writing the letter

# Body Paragraph 1 (Describe the first point)

# Body Paragraph 2 (Describe the second point)

# Body Paragraph 3 (Describe the third point)

# Closing statement

# Signing off

Effective Planning: IELTS Preparation

# Examine all of the letter-writing directions that have been provided.

# Determine the type of message you’ll be writing.

# Prepare a list of all the points you’ll include in your message.

# Determine how many paragraphs you’ll need for each point in your message.

# Consider your letter’s opening statement.

# Depending on the type of letter, choose the best writing style and language to employ (both grammar and vocabulary).

# Consider the signing off.

# Make a detailed outline for the substance of each paragraph.

# Begin writing

Vocabulary: IELTS Preparation

When writing an official or informal message, be careful with the language you use.

See the examples below to see the fundamental differences between formal and informal letter writing.

# The meeting is on Thursday; please arrive promptly = We can meet on Thursday. We’ll talk again shortly.

# I’d like you to accept my resignation letter = Come to the concert with me this weekend.

Also Read: What Sort of Vocabulary should be Used for IELTS? Six Techniques to Improve Your IELTS Writing Vocabulary Easily

Fortunately, this article has created the right structure of what, where, when, why and how the aspirants prepare for this task and how can one form their answer. The structure is a little hard when aspirants don’t practise it. Practising a letter everyday is important to get your desired band score. There are many topics available on IELTS Ninja which will help the candidates to practice at home.

Have a look at IELTS Ninja articles and their online courses and mission which are considered as the best online coaching for IELTS. Please feel free to ask any kind of doubts, related to the subject below. All the best!

Also Read: How to Get Band 9 in IELTS in Writing Task 1? An Ultimate Guide for Preparation


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About the Author

Amiksha kantam.

Amiksha is a budding Content Writer. A young writer who has written over 250 poems and quotes and also an author of a famous Wattpad novel named “Ma and the Magical Kingdom” and always sets her goals high with her determination like the sky. Her mother is her inspiration and her family is her biggest support. She has her interest in writing, reading novels and craft. She has developed her hardworking and disciplined persona from her mother. She is very out going and loves travelling, trekking and hiking. She believes in the quote “Creativity lies in actions not experience

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Table of Contents

Latest general writing task 1 questions: april 2023, latest general writing task 1 questions: october 2022, latest general writing task 1 questions: june 2022, january to march 2022 general task 1 ielts questions, october to december 2021 general task 1 ielts questions, july/august 2021 general task 1 ielts questions, february/march 2021 general task 1 ielts questions.

August 2020 General Task 1 Questions

January 2019 General Writing Task 1 Questions

December 2018, november 2018, october 2018, september 2018, august 2018.

Latest General Writing Task 1 Questions: 2019 to 2023

In the sections below, we have provided recent general writing task 1 questions from the actual exam from January 2019 till date.

1.You are going to another country to study. You would like to do a part-time job while you are studying, so you want to ask a friend who lives there for some help. Write a letter to this friend.

In your letter: 

2. Write a letter to the manager of a cinema (movie theatre) about a jacket you have left behind after a film.

In your letter:

3. You recently attended a conference and would like to give a presentation to your colleagues about it. Write a letter to your manager and include:

4. You live with a roommate at university but you have trouble studying because of a problem related to your roommate. Write a letter to an administrator at your university and include:

5. You saw an advertisement in the paper for a property management position at an apartment complex. Write a letter to express your interest.

6. You recently went to a public event (for example an exhibition, festival, or show) that you think your friend would enjoy. Write a letter to a friend.

7. You are going to throw a party and would like to cook a special dish for your guests but do not have the recipe. Write a letter to your friend.

8. You own an old item that you think is valuable and would like to sell. Write a letter to the owner of an antique’s shop.

9. You have made a reservation at a hotel for a business trip for you and your colleagues. However, you need to make some changes to your booking. Write a letter to the hotel manager.

10. You have discovered a lot of rubbish in a lake near where you live. In the past, the lake had always been clean. Write a letter to the local council.

In the letter:

1. Write a letter to your landlord complaining about the noise in the block of flats which he owns.

You should include:

2. You want to arrange a conference for your company, and you need to ask one of your colleagues to give a presentation in this conference.

Write a letter to your colleague. In your letter include:

3. You own an old item that you think is valuable and would like to sell. Write a letter to the owner of an antiques shop.

In your letter

4. You have lost something on a bus and called the customer service to get help. You weren't happy with their response. Write a letter to the bus company manager. In your letter, you should:

5. You enjoyed a holiday organized by a tour company. Write a letter to the manager and praise the tour guide who accompanied you on the journey. In your letter, you should:

6. You recently went to visit a friend in their new home. Write a letter to your friend.

7. You work in an office and have recently been experiencing a health problem. You think that the problem started because of the working conditions in the office. Write a letter to your manager.

8. You recently went to a public event (for example an exhibition, festival, or show) that you think your friend would enjoy. Write a letter to friend.

9. You recently celebrated a special occasion in your personal life and received a card and a present from your colleagues at work. Write a letter to your colleagues.

October/November 2020 general task 1 questions

In your letter, you should tell:

2. Recently you saw an article in a newspaper/journal about a city/town you know and some of the information in the article was incorrect. Write a letter to the editor regarding this.

3. Write a letter to your landlord complaining about noise in the block of flats which he owns. Include:

4. Write a letter to your manager about your work from last year. Include

5. Write a letter to your friend about a job opportunity you came across that they might find interesting.

In your letter, you should:

6. Your friend is about to move into a new house. Write a letter to your friend. In your letter

1. Your friend has just moved to a new house. Write a letter to your friend and let him know about the gift that you have prepared for him/her.

In your letter, you should: -describe the gift -tell how it will be delivered -explain why you chose it.

2. Recently you visited a foreign country with a friend write a letter to someone. You should tell - why you enjoyed the trip -what you are doing now -invite her to visit you

3. Write a letter to your manager to request setting up a cafeteria for the staff.

In your letter, you should tell: -what you heard about the inconvenience from the staff -how you feel about it -what suggestions you have.

4. A foreign friend of yours plans to visit your place and stay with you, but you are not available on that date. Give your friend another alternate date for the visit.

In your letter, you should: -apologise for it -explain what you are doing on that date -suggest to him/her an alternate time to come.

5. You are leaving your job and would like to invite your friend to replace you. Write a letter to your friend.

In your letter, you should: -describe the job -explain the reason you are leaving -tell him/her why you would recommend the job to them.

6. Write a letter to your colleague asking for help in setting up the equipment for your presentation.

In your letter, you should: -tell when and where the presentation will take place -describe your arrangements -tell him/her what equipment you need.

7. You are planning a vacation and want your friend to go with you. Write a letter to your friend.

In your letter, you should: -tell him/her why you want to take a vacation -describe your plan -invite him/her to go with you.

Latest October 2019 general task 1 questions

1. You are attending a course at an evening school. Write a letter to the director of the school with a complaint about the course. In your letter, you should:

– Describe the course you are taking. – Explain what you don’t like about the course. – Give your opinion about what should be done about it.

2. You are attending a night course at the school. You are not happy with some parts of the course. Write a letter to the school director about this. In your letter, you should tell:

- What course you are studying - What you are not happy about - What you expect from the school director.

3. You stayed at a friend’s house last weekend and lost your watch. Write a letter to your friend. In your letter, you should:

– Thank him/her for the good time you had. – Describe your watch. – Tell your friend what would you like him/her to do with it if he/she finds it.

4. Write a letter to a book store manager who is living in another city. Ask him/her to make available a book that you are interested in. In your letter, you should tell:

– What book you are looking for? – Why you need this book? – How you plan to purchase the book?

5. You have recently attended a professional course. Write a letter to your manager to thank him/her for the opportunity. In your letter, you should tell:

– What it was about? – Explain why it was helpful to you. – Suggest other co-workers who should attend the course.

6. Your friend is in another country. Write a letter to your friend asking for advice about employment opportunities in his country. In your letter, you should tell:

- Why you want to work there - What skills and work experience you have - Inquire about the benefits (salary and hours).

7. You have an English-speaking friend. You want to invite him/her to see a movie. Write a letter to your friend. In your letter, you should:

– Describe the movie you want to see together. – Explain why you think he/she will be interested in it? – Suggest where and when you should meet before the movie.

8. You ride a bicycle to work, but there is a problem with the parking. Write a letter to the manager of the parking management company. In your letter, you should tell:

- Why you ride a bicycle to work - What the problem is with the parking - What your suggestions are.

9. You have organized a 90th birthday party for your relative and invited elderly guests. It was a successful party. Write a letter to the hotel manager, to provide the feedback: In your letter, you should tell:

- When the party took place - Why it was successful - Thank a staff member who was really helpful.

10. There are some problems in the changing room in your sport center. Write a letter to the sport center manager. In your letter, you should:

- Describe the problems in the changing room - Explain why the sport center is important for you - Suggest what the manager should do.

11. You and your colleague want to use a company room. Write a letter to your manager and ask for permission. In your letter, you should:

- Explain why you need the room - Describe which room you need and why - Tell what changes you’ll need in the room.

12. You are a member of a sports club. Write a letter to the club president about an event that will be organized there. In your letter, you should tell:

- What it is - Who you will invite - What your role is in this event.

13. You are going to take a vacation soon and want your friend to go with you. Write a letter to your friend. In your letter, you should:

- Tell him/her why you want the holiday/vacation - Describe your plan - Invite him/her to go with you.

14. You had a dinner with your friend’s family. Write a letter to you friend and express your feelings about the dinner. In your letter, you should:

- Say what you enjoyed about the dinner - Describe how you feel about his/her family - Invite your friend and his/her family to you place.

15. You rent an apartment and you are quite happy with it but you want to suggest a renovation. Write a letter about your suggestion. In your letter, you should tell:

- Your appreciation of current condition - What is the renovation and why? - What is the benefits of your suggestion?

Latest September 2019 general task 1 questions

1. You want a book that you cannot find. Later you find it and it is available in a bookstore in another city. Write a letter to the manager of bookstore. In your letter, you should:

· give details of book · say why you need this book · tell him how you will pay for it.

2. You want to take a course related to your work. Write a letter to your employer. In your letter, you should:

· describe what the course is · explain how it will benefit the company · suggest how to arrange time for it.

3. Recently you have attended a job interview which went well, but you are still waiting for the result. Write a letter to HR manager of the company. In your letter, you should:

· give details of the job · tell why you think the interview went well · explain why you need to know the result.

4. You would like to attend a training course. Write a letter to your company manager. In your letter, you should say:

· why you would like to attend this course? · why it would be beneficial for you and the company? · suggest how to arrange time for it.

5. Your town council has decided to demolish an historic building due to lack of funds to renovate. Write a letter to your counselor . In your letter, you should say:

· why it is important to preserve the historic building · how the funds could be generated.

6. Your child's school is going for a trip out of the country for 3 days and a parent is allowed to join the group. Write a letter to school. In your letter, you should:

· ask questions about the trip · tell them why you want to join the group · explain how you can help.

7. You need a book and you can’t find it in the library. Write a letter to a bookshop manager. In your letter, you should:

· describe the book. · say why need it? · say how you will pay for it?

8. Your friend has written a letter to you asking for advice on his/her parents who will visit your area. Write a letter to your friend. In your letter, you should:

· suggest the places they can visit · recommend a place where they can stay · offer to do something with them.

9. You are unable to attend a farewell party of a colleague at work. Write a letter to him/her. In your letter, you should:

· say why you can’t come · give him/her your best wishes. · suggest another time and place for you to meet.

10. Write a letter to a translation agency about a report to be translated urgently. In your letter, you should:

· explain the content of the letter · explain why you need the translated report · why you need it urgently.

11. Write a letter to your friend, who is visiting a city that you are familiar with. In your letter, you should:

· describe to him a place worth visiting · suggest some eating options · suggest transport options.

Latest August 2019 general task 1 questions

1. Your friend has written to you asking for your advice on his/her parents who will be visiting your area. Write a letter to your friend.

In your letter, you should: · suggest the places they can visit · recommend a place where they can stay · offer to do something with them.

2. Write a letter to a city planning manager about the demolition of a historical building in your area.

In your letter, you should: · explain why it shouldn’t be demolished. · suggest a future use for this building. · recommend a way to raise money for repairs.

3. Recently you attended a job interview which went well, but you are still waiting for the outcome. Write a letter to HR manager of the company.

In your letter, you should: · give details of the job · tell her why you think the interview went well · explain why you need to know the outcome.

4. Parents of a close friend are coming to your area for a visit. He/she has asked you to suggest some places for older people to visit. Write a letter to your friend.

In your letter, you should: · suggest some places his/her parents could visit. · recommend a place for them to stay. · give some other ideas for their visit.

5. Your town council has decided to demolish historic building due to lack of funds for renovation. Write a letter to your councilor.

In your letter, you should tell: · why it is important to preserve the historic building · how the funds could be generated.

6. You have a spare room in your apartment that you would like to rent out to a student. Write a letter to the Student Accommodation Officer of local college.

In your letter, you should tell: · where your apartment is located · when the room will be available · what your requirements for a student to stay there are.

7. You had just missed a friend’s party, write a letter to apologise. In your letter, you should:

· apologise to your friend · explain why you couldn’t attend the party · tell her what steps you will take to avoid missing it in the future.

8. You have recently taken a two-day course. Write to give your feedback to the course organiser.

In your letter, you should tell: · the details of the course · what you liked or disliked about it · suggest some improvements to the course.

9. You have recently bought some furniture and it was broken when you received it. Write a complaint letter to the store manager.

In your letter, you should tell: · what you bought and when? · how was it broken? · suggest how the problem could be solved

10. Write a letter to your local council complaining that the street where you live has become dirty lately.

In your letter, you should tell: · why it is happening · what problems it could cause · what your suggestions are.

11. You have found a problem with an item which you bought online. Write a letter to the company manager.

In your letter, you should: · describe the item · explain the issue · suggest what you expect the manager to do.

Latest July 2019 general task 1 questions

1. You recently visited a theatre and had an accident there. The staff were very helpful. Write a letter to the manager giving good feedback.

In your letter, you should tell: – and describe the accident – how the staff helped you – how similar situations could be prevented in the future.

2. You attended a meeting last week, but you were not happy with the hotel which you stayed in. Write a letter to the organizer who booked the hotel for you.

In your letter, you should tell: – what the problems were – what you didn’t like about the hotel – what you want organizer to do.

3. Your landlord wants to increase your house rent. Write a letter to him to explain your situation.

In your letter, you should tell: – why you think the rent shouldn’t be increased – what you will do if it is increased.

4. You are relocating to a new city. Write a letter to an agent to arrange a house for you and your family.

In your letter, you should tell: – when you will relocate – why you are relocating – what kind of house you want.

5. A young person is going to spend his first day at the office next month. Write a letter to explain what he should do on his first day.

In your letter, you should tell: – what work should be done in the company – what he/she will do on the first day of work – what items/objects he /she needs to take along.

6. Write a letter to your company’s director recommending a group in your local community that deserves help.

In your letter, you should tell: – why you have chosen that group – how your company can help the group – how your company will benefit in return.

7. Write a letter to your friend about a special item that you have brought back from your holiday in their city.

In your letter, you should tell: – what the item is – where and when you got it – why it is so special to you.

8. You are going to visit a friend who loves sports. Write a letter about an outdoor sport that you would like to try for the first time.

In your letter, you should tell: – what it is – when and where would you play it – who you would play it with.

Latest June 2019 general task 1 questions

1. You recently traveled on a train which arrived very late, and then you faced many problems. Write a letter to the owner of the company.

In your letter, you should tell: - where you were going - what problems you faced - what action you would like the owner to take

2. Your family is moving to a new city. Write a letter to the real estate agency in your new city to enquire about a rental house.

In your letter, you should tell: – explain when you are moving and the reason – describe where you would like to live – mention the type of house you need.

3. Write a letter of invitation to a friend for a special celebration.

In your letter, you should: - invite your friend to attend the celebration - discuss the arrangements and plans you have made - offer arrangements for travel and accommodation

4. A local newspaper has conducted a competition recently to find a person who contributed the most to the society. Write a letter to the editor with a recommendation for a suitable person.

In your letter, you should tell: – who is that person – what is his/her contribution – how did you meet him/her

5. Write a letter to your friend who is visiting your apartment while you are gone.

In your letter, you should tell: - where the keys are - to take care of one important thing inside your apartment while you are away - what to do on the day of your arrival

6. You were advised by your doctor that you need to do more physical exercises. Write a letter to your friend asking him to join you.

In your letter, you should tell: - why you want to do physical exercise - what type of physical exercises you are planning to do - why do you want your friend to join you

7. You need to seek admission in a short course. Write a letter to the admission officer.

In your letter, you should tell: - what the course is - how your background knowledge is related to this - why this institute is important

8. Your friend has been recently blessed with a baby. You have bought a present.

In your letter, you should tell: - about the gift you have bought - what are the features of the gift - ask him to make an arrangement so that you can present the gift

9. You have lost your driver's license. Fortunately, someone found and sent it back to your address. Write a letter to appreciate the help.

In your letter, you should: - explain what happened when it got lost - ask few more details on where he found it - thank him for sending it back to you

General task 1 questions May 2019

1. You want to recommend someone to work in a company. Write a letter to the manager.

In the letter, you should tell: - who the person is - how did you know the person - working experience of the person. - why do you recommend the person

2. Write a letter to the local council to stop the closure of a children’s toy store in your area.

In the letter, you should tell: - tell him how important the toy store is - explain why you don't want to close it - suggest what advice you want them take.

3. Write a letter to the local council about the closure of a playground in your area because children don’t use it much.

In the letter, you should tell: - why many children won’t use it - how is the playground important for children - give some suggestions how to increase the playground’s usage.

4. You have recently ordered a book online, but the book was delayed and has not arrived yet. Write a letter to the company manager.

In the letter, you should: - give the details of your order. - explain why you need the book urgently. - suggest a solution for the situation.

5. You are working at a big company with almost 500 employees. Write a letter to your manager to recommend opening a cafeteria at work.

In the letter, you should tell: - why is it required - give recommendations how and where to do it. - explain why it would be beneficial to all workers.

6. You have seen an advertisement for full-time job at a grocery store and want to apply for it. Write a letter to the manager.

In the letter, you should tell: - describe your experience - tell him why you are interested in the job - say why you think you would be suitable for the job.

7. Your child is going on a 3-day educational trip to another country. The head teacher wants to find parents to go with the group and you would like to go. Write a letter to the head teacher.

In the letter, you should tell: - why you would like to go on the trip - suggest what you could do to help during the trip - ask other questions about the trip

8. You left your book at a friend's home and you want him to send it back. Write a letter to your friend.

In the letter, you should tell: - describe your book - tell him where you left it at - suggest what he can do about it.

General task 1 questions April 2019

1. Write a letter to your colleague telling him about your planned visit to the town you use to work.

In the letter, you should tell: - about your current Job - about your stay plan - the details arrangement of your visit.

2. Write a letter of complaint about late delivery to the website where you ordered an item.

In the letter, you should tell: - what item did you order - why and when did you order that item - how would you like them to resolve this issue

3. A local college is having an international day. You want to speak to students about your country from different cultures. Write a letter to the college head.

In the letter, you should: - tell him/her about the topics you are going to talk about - why would they be of interest to the students - ask for any arrangements that you need.

4. Write a letter to a newspaper editor about the poor condition of a historical building in your area.

In the letter, you should: - what building are you writing about? - describe the current condition of the building. - what should be done in this situation?

5. You and your friend booked a theater tickets in advance. Apologise to your friend as you can't make it to the theater with him.

In the letter, you should: - apologise - explain the reasons why you can’t make it - give options on what can be done with the tickets.

6. Write a letter to your friend who is starting an import/export business and asked you for recommendation for a product from your own country.

In the letter, you should: - what the product will be - from which region of your country where it came from - why it is a good product to export.

7. Write a letter to your friend who is traveling overseas, and you were staying at their apartment. There was a storm at that time and the apartment got damaged.

In the letter, you should: - tell your friend about the storm - explain how the damage got - detail what repairs need to be done.

8. You are interested in attending a short course at a college in an English speaking country. Write a letter to the college administration.

In the letter, you should tell: - what course you would like to attend - give details about your educational background and work experience - what reasons make you choose this college.

General task 1 writing questions February 2019

1. You are living overseas and you have just come across an article about your country in a magazine where some of the information are incorrect. Write a letter to the editor.

In the letter, you should: - explain that an article contains wrong information - supply the correction information instead - provide some more interesting information for the editor to publish in the future.

2. You are interested in attending a short course at a college in an English speaking country. Write a letter to the college administration.

3. Write a letter to your neighbor about the damage that occurred to your car while he was parking his car in the lane outside your home.

In the letter, you should: - describe the damage - say how you feel about this problem - suggest to him what actions he should take.

4. Write a letter to your friend offering him/her a concert ticket.

In the letter, you should tell: - what is the content of the music concert - where and when is the concert - why you think your friend will like going to this concert.

5. Write a letter to invite your English-speaking friend to watch a new film with you about your country.

In the letter, you should: - include some information about the film - explain why your friend might be interested to watch the film - inform other arrangements you will be making for watching the film

6. You have been placed to a new job the same as your friend’s who is working from another company. Write a letter to your friend to ask for help.

In the letter, you should tell: - what the problem is - how your friend can solve it - tell him meeting arrangements and details.

7. You're working overseas in an international company. You are leaving the country in emergency. Write a letter to your friends explaining the situation.

In the letter, you should - apologise for leaving like this - explain what happened - tell them what you're going to miss about working with them

8. You are moving to a new country, write a letter to the accommodation agency to rent a house.

In your letter, describe: - yourself and your family - which area you would like to live in - and what facilities you need in the house

9. Your friend from another country is interested to visit your hometown. Write a letter to him.

In your letter, you should: - describe what is the best time to visit - how he can enjoy his visit - which places he may like to visit.

10. You are planning to give a presentation in your large company. Write a letter to your colleague asking for help.

In the letter, you should: - when and where the presentation will be - what the presentation is about - what you would like your colleague to do.

11. Your local council have asked locals some suggestions on how to keep the city safer. Write a letter to council.

In the letter, you should: - explain what the council can do - what the people can do - tell how the community will benefit by keeping the city safe.

12. Write a letter to the manager to ask for permission that you would like to participate in a new program.

In your letter, you should: - give details of the program - why it is useful for you - how it will benefit your work.

13. You are currently running a course and have a part-time job. Your boss suggested that you leave your course and work full time. Write a letter to your boss.

In the letter, you should: - tell him/her your decision - explain the reason for your decision.

14. You have recently visited a building which is of historical importance and came to know that it's in bad condition. Write a letter to local newspaper office.

In the letter, you should tell: - which building it is - what are the problems - what do you expect them to do

15. You’re interested in a music course that you saw on an advertisement. Write a letter to the club.

In your letter, you should: - explain why you’re interested - request more information about the course - talk about your past experiences.

16. Write a letter to the airport manager to complain about the problems that you met on the flight recently.

In your letter, you should: - give details of flight - what were the issues with the flight - what you want the manger to do about it.

1. Your friend has asked you about the course details you recently took at a training centre.

In the letter, you should: – Tell him about the course details – Why your friend should take this course – Explain how the course has benefited you.

2. You work as part time and you are attending a course. Your manager offered you full time and asked to leave the course. Write a letter about your decision on job offer.

In the letter, you should: – How you feel about the job – What your decision is – Explain why you made the decision.

3. Your work in a company has some changes and you need to take a training course. Write a letter to your manager.

In the letter, you should: – What you have done about your work last year – What you could have done better – What kind of training you want to take next year.

4. Write a letter to your friend inviting him/her to your family party. In your letter

– Explain why you are organizing the party – Describe what you are planning to do – Say how important it is to have your friend at the party

5. Your colleague found another job and invited you to his/her farewell party. Unfortunately you are unable to attend it. Write a letter to him/her and say

– Why can’t you attend the party? – Why did you enjoy working with him/her? – Offer him/her to meet some other time.

6. You recently attended a course in another country but had to leave the course to return back to your country. Write a letter to your teacher.

In the letter, you should: – Thank him/her – Tell them your situation – Explain them what you liked about their lecture.

7. You have recently used a moving company to move your household items to a new place and they have been damaged in transfer. Write a letter to the company’s manager and say

– When and where did it take place? – What is your complaint? – Suggest a reasonable solution.

8. You work a part-time job in a company and the company posted an advert seeking a person for a full-time position. Write a letter to your manager requesting to apply for the advertised position.

In the letter, you should: – Why you want to apply – What your future goals are – Why it would be beneficial for the company.

9. Write a letter to one of your classmates and invite him/her to a party.

In the letter, you should: – When, where, timing – Give some details about the plan of the party – Tell him/her what you are doing recently.

10. You have recently stayed in a hotel and after returning back you realise that you have left a piece of cloth at your hotel room. Write a letter to manager of hotel.

In the letter, you should: – Explain the clothing – Say where you left it – What the manager should do if he/she finds out.

11. Write a letter to the manager about the important documents which you left in their taxi.

In the letter, you should: – Say where you left it – Why it is important – What you want the manager to do.

12. You have recently flown to another country on a business trip. You were satisfied with the flight, but didn’t like services at the airport. Write a letter to the airport manager.

In the letter, you should: – Tell him/her your flight details – Why you disappointed – Suggest some improvements to the airport services.

Latest 2018 General Task 1 Questions

1. You relocated to an overseas country recently and shipped your furniture and other possessions through a shipping company. When you received them, you found some of them got damaged. Write a letter to the delivery manager of the shipping company:

– When and where the shipment was – Describe the damages – What you want the shipment company to do.

2. You received a letter from a friend who asked for a recommendation letter from you for the job that he/she is applying for. Write a letter to the manager:

– Explain how well you know this person – Describe how this person work – Why you think this person is suitable for the job.

3. You have a spare room in your flat or apartment and you want to rent it to a student. Write a letter to the director of the accommodation office at the local college. In your letter:

– Explain where your apartment is – Describe the room – What kind of person would you like to rent it to.

4. You want to learn a language. There is a teacher nearby where you live. Write a letter to the teacher:

– How you came to know about him/her – Explain why you want to learn – Ask some questions.

5. Your friend is coming to stay in your neighbourhood. He has asked some information about the local school. Write a letter to your friend. In your letter:

– Describe the school – Tell him/her about your opinion – Explain why his/her children would like this school.

6. Write a letter to HR department of a company requesting information about a interview that you attended but still waiting for results. In your letter:

– Describe the position applied for – Why the interview went well – Why do you need the results

7. Write to the company’s manager about construction near your home. In your letter:

– How you heard of their construction plans – What you think of their plans – Your hopes for the construction in case it pushes through.

8. Write a letter to a translation agency requesting them to translate a document for you. In your letter:

– Emphasize on the urgency – What is the document about – Why do you need it to be done quickly.

9. You recently received furniture that was already damaged at the time of arrival. Write a letter to the manager of the shipping company about it and say

– What furniture did you order? – What was the damage? – Suggest what needs to be done about it.

10. You have received a record that needs to be translated. Write a letter to a translating agency and say

– What is there on the record? – Why do you want to translate it? – Why is it so urgent for you to get it translated?

11. You have recently attended a work-related course. Write a letter to your manager and say

– What course was it, and when did you take it? – What did you like about it? – What improvements can be made in the future?

1. Write a letter to your friend who has moved to another country and now he/she is coming back to your country for a visit. You have arranged a party for him/her. In your letter:

– Give the date and location of the party – Say which friends are coming to the party – Give more information about the friends current lives.

2. You have not received the prize which you have won at a newspaper. Write a letter to the editor of the newspaper with below details:

– Details of how you won the prize – What is the prize given to you – What actions you expect to be taken.

3. Write a letter to your manager about a party that you want to organize at the office. In your letter say

– What the party is about – Why it is necessary – What you want from him to do.

4. Letter to council for the dirty street:

– Explain why it has become dirty recently – What problem it has caused – Giving some suggestions.

5. You decided to drive a bicycle to work and do not have parking space available. Write a letter to building manager:

– Why you decided to use bicycle – What is the problem – Provide some suggestions.

6. You have recently read a newspaper article about your school friend whom you did not hear about for a long time. Write a letter to the newspaper editor

– Highlighting some article details – Ask for some information about your friend

7. The street where you live is very polluted. Write to the local council and ask to act about this situation. You should say:

– What is the main problem? – How does it affect your street? – Give some suggestions and request action.

8. Write a letter to the local council about the poor condition of roads in your area. Include the following in your letter:

– Explain the situation and roads’ condition. – How does it affect you and other people? – Suggest what measures need to be taken, in your opinion.

9. You have recently attended a job interview which went well, but you are still waiting for the decision. Write a letter to HR manager of the company and say

– Give details of the job. – Why do you think the interview went well? – Why do you need to know the result?

1. You recently attended a meeting at a hotel. When you returned home, you found you had left some important papers at the hotel. Write a letter to the manager of the hotel. In your letter:

– Explain the problem – Say why the documents are important – Suggest a solution

2. Your office building doesn't have parking available. Write a letter to the manager. In your letter:

– Explain the problem – Suggest a solution – Say why parking will benefit all employees

3. Your company has recently introduced new uniform for the staffs. Write a letter to your manager that you are not happy with the new uniform:

– Explain why you are not happy with the new uniform – What you want new uniform to be like – – Giving some suggestions.

4. You like the apartment but you need some improvements to be made in it. Write a letter to the landlord:

– Explain why you you are happy living in the apartment – Describe what improvements are to be made – Explain why it is important to make the improvements.

5. Your brother couldn’t join you on a trip that you guys planned. Write a letter to a friend inviting him to join:

– Explain about the trip – Explain why your brother couldn’t make it – Giving details about the trip.

6. Your friend wants to spend a holiday trip with you, but it is not suitable for you. Write a letter to your friend:

– Explain why it is not suitable for you – Giving the suggestion.

7. You have bought furniture from a store. When you received there were some damages. Write a letter to manager:

– Giving information him about the furniture. – Explain the damage. – Asking the manager to do something.

8. Your brother couldn’t join you on a trip that you guys planned. Write a letter to a friend inviting him to join:

9. Your child is going on a trip to another country for 3 days. School is looking for some parents who can join the trip and you decided to apply for the same. You are interested in going with trip. Write a letter to the head of the school and include:

– Why you want to join the team – What you can do to assist – Queries related to the trip.

1. You have bought a toy in an online toy shop, but the toy is damaged. You have to write a letter to the shop manager:

– Describe the toy. – Describe the damages. – Providing a resolution.

2. You are working in a giant company which does financial or other items help to the different group of local community. Write to your manager about some group you want to provide help next year.

– Describe a group. – What help do the group need. – What kind of help you expect to provide.

3. You missed attending a friend's invite. Write a letter to your friend:

– Apologise for not coming. – Explain how did you try to contact him/her. – What is the alternate plan.

4. The local council is about to destroy children playground in your area because it is under use. write a letter and tell them:

– Why it is not well used – What can be done so more people can use it.

5. The office where you work does not have a proper car park. Write a letter to your manager and say

– Explain the problem of no parking space available. – Suggest a solution for the car park problem. – Explain how this will help your company.

6. There is a group of people in your community that needs help. Write a letter to your company director and say

– Describe this group. – What kind of help do they need? – How will this group and the community benefit from it?

1. You have recently visited a sports centre and discovered some problems and the poor condition of a changing room there. You have made a complaint earlier, but still no action was taken. Write a letter to the facility manager about it. In your letter:

– Describe the problems – Include details of your complaint – Say what actions you would like them to take.

2. Your child’s school has arranged a trip abroad for students. The principal of the school asked some parents to join the trip to help. Write to the school principal and say:

– Why do you want to join the trip? – How could you help during the trip? – Ask some questions about the trip.

3. You recently stayed in a hotel and an employee was very helpful to you. Write a letter to the hotel management to tell them what happened. In your letter:

– Describe the situation – Explain what happened – Say what you would like the manager to do

4. There is a problem with the changing rooms in the sports centre that you visit. You have complained several times but with no success. Write a letter to the manager of the sports centre. In your letter:

– Describe what the problem with the changing rooms is – Say what happened the last times you complained – Explain what you want the manager to do

5. Your child is going away on a school trip for three days to another country. The head teacher wants some parents to join the trip and you would like to go. Write a letter to the head teacher. In your letter:

– Say why you would like to go – Suggest what you could do to help during the trip – Ask some more questions about the trip

6. Write a letter to hotel manager praising a staff member. In your letter:

– Explain the situation – What they did – What you want manager to do.

7. You are getting married soon. Write a letter to your friend from a different country and invite him/her to the wedding. In your letter:

– Describe your future wife/husband. – What will happen at the wedding – Why do you want to invite him/her

8. You have had problems with a changing room in a sports center. You have made some complaints but nothing has been done about it. Write a letter to the manager stating:

– The issues with the changing rooms – What has been done about it – What you want the Manager to do.

9. Write a letter to colleague who gave you a book that helped you for a presentation at work. You should:

– Describe the presentation – Why was it important – How did it help you.

10. Your child is going on a trip to another country for 3 days. School is looking for some parents who can join the trip and you decided to apply for the same. You are interested in going with trip. Write a letter to the head of the school and include:

1. City council is planning to pull down one of the historic buildings in your town, because they do not have funds to renovate it. As a citizen, you don’t want it to happen. Write a letter to the city council and say

– What is the importance of the building? – Why should it be renovated? – Suggest a plan to raise funds and maintain the building in the future.

2. Write a letter to your friend about a job offer that can be suitable for him/her and say

– Describe the job. – What are the facilities available? – Why is this job suitable for him/her?

3. You recently started commuting to work by bicycle and discovered that there is a problem with bicycle parking near the building where you work. Write a letter to the building manager and say

– Explain the reason for using a bicycle to commute. – What problems have you encountered with parking? – What are your recommendations to solve them?

4. You work in a company and need to take a certain course. Write a letter to your manager and say

– Explain why you need this training course. – Where and when will you take it? – How will the company benefit from it?

5. Write a letter to your friend about a book that you have read recently. Include the following in your letter:

– Describe the book. – Why do you want him/her to read it? – Tell him/her how to get the book.

More Preparation Tips for IELTS General Task 1 

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Recent IELTS Writing Topics and Essay 2021/2022




























































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ielts writing topics general 2021

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics and Questions with Answers 2022


Updated On Jul 15, 2022

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics and Questions with Answers 2022

In Part 1 of the Speaking test, the examiner will introduce himself or herself and then ask you questions based on your background and daily life. You will be judged based on your speaking abilities. Though it might seem easy, it is always good to plan and learn for Speaking Part 1 so that you don’t settle for anything less than a band 9 in this section. 

Here you find the old as well as the most recent topics for the first part. So, it would also be great if you could go through some questions that are frequently asked. 

Check out the latest topics for IELTS Speaking exam in 2021 with model answers by IELTS high scorers on the IELTS Material website ( To practise for the speaking test, you’ll require a speaking partner. For Band 9 Sample Answers of Part 1,2,3 topics in 2020, click the link below

IELTS Speaking Actual Tests & Suggested Answers (eBook)

Part 1: Introductory questions with Answers

What is your full name?

My name is Spruha. But my friends call me “Cheeky” because they think I’ve chubby cheeks.

Can I see your ID?

Yes, of course. Here it is.

Where are you from?

I’m from Chennai. It was popularly known as Madras. It is a big city and is home to 7 lakh people. The weather is mostly bearable except in May when it becomes extremely hot. It rains around November-December.

Do you work or study?

I’m currently in the final year of Journalism. I’m planning to pursue Masters in History after which I’m planning to work in some reputed company. I’m more inclined towards corporate content writing as the remuneration is very good.

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics (Jan – May 2021)

The table below contains the part 1 topics of the speaking test from Jan-May 2021. You will also find the questions based on part 1 pertaining to each topic below.

1. Desserts/ Cakes (Jan-May 2021)

Do you like eating a cake?

How often do you eat cakes? 

Sample Answer by IELTS High Scorer

Yes, I like eating cakes, but my dentist keeps saying that I ought to try to wean myself from sugary foods to protect my teeth.

I have a cake around once a month. I will reward myself with a piece of tiramisu if I work hard and exercise regularly this month.

2. Laughter (Jan-May 2021)

When was the last time you laughed? 

Do you like watching funny TV shows?

IELTS Band 8 Preparation course

Comprehensive IELTS Band 8 Complete Preparation Course

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Yes, I really like watching funny TV shows, such movies or TV shows make me feel relaxed and happy. When I am in a bad mood, I’m more willing to watch comedies, because they help me forget my worries.

I’m a girl who really likes to laugh, so I think the last time I had a laugh was yesterday. I was watching a talk show last night, and there were some jokes in it which made me laugh to tears. Even now when I think of them, I find it funny.

3. Pens and Pencils (Jan-May 2021)

4. Beautiful Scenery (Jan-May 2021)

Does your hometown have beautiful views?

5. Museums and Art Galleries (Jan-May 2021)

6. Numbers (Jan-May 2021) 

7. History (Jan-May 2021)

8. Running (Jan-May 2021)

9. Science Class (Jan-May 2021) 

10. Spending time alone 

What do you usually do when you spend time with yourself?

IELTS Actual Test Questions (February-March 2023)

IELTS Speaking ebook

Sample Answers by IELTS High Scorer

Do you like spending time by yourself?

Yes, I enjoy spending time by myself. In other words, I don’t mind being alone. Nowadays it’s been more difficult to have real private time, I mean the time just for myself. Therefore, sometimes I like to be alone to enjoy that private time which makes me think of something or just relax.

What did you do last time you were by yourself?

I read a book and then slept. The bedtime completely belongs to me, and I choose to read books at that time. I remember I read a detective book last night, and the plot was pretty interesting and a little scary. I like that book and I wonder what’ll happen next, so I will read it tonight as well.

One of my hobbies is baking, and usually, I do it when I’m alone. Every time I bake, I prefer to do it without any disturbance. Focusing on it makes me feel relaxed and peaceful. It is a way for me to release some pressure in my daily life. I also like to read books that I’m interested in.

11. Water Sports  

Are water sports popular in your country?

Sample Answers

I’m not that sure, but from what I can see, the young people around me tend to enjoy water sports, such as scuba diving and surfing, to have fun. But for others, like the older generation, they are not that into it.

What water sports do you like?

I’m into all kinds of water sports. In terms of the extreme ones, I enjoy scuba diving and surfing because doing it makes me feel excited and I really get a good kick out of it. And in terms of something gentle, I prefer water yoga as it helps me to keep fit.

How often do you take a break?

What do you usually do during a break?

I take breaks often while working or studying because it becomes difficult to concentrate for a long-time. If I were to focus on one task continuously I wouldn’t be able to perform well. Short breaks will allow me to refresh my mind to handle my tasks.

When I take a break, I choose to listen to music to relax myself. I also close my eyes and give them a short rest before continuing to work. If it is a relatively long break, I may choose to watch a short TV episode or eat something in order to get more energy when I return to work.

Other Speaking Part 1 Topics (Jan-May 2020)

Used till the end of January 2020

18. Amusement Park

19. Sunshine

20. Tiredness

Also check :

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics (Sep-Dec 2019)

Old topics (sep-dec 2019), 1. social media.

2. Perfume 

3. Borrowing

4. Supermarket/ Street Market

5. Visiting Relatives & Friends

6. Families Activities

8. Time management/ Plan

10. Places to Play

11. Weather 

13. Transport

14. Cities 

16. Going out

17. Reading 

18. Accommodation

==>  Sample Answer 

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics (May-August 2019)

Download PDF file: IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics & Questions (May-August 2019) with Model Answers

2 . Reading

4. Perfume  

==>  Sample Answer  

6. Travel  

7. Time Management

8. Litter/ Rubbish

9. Children’s Ideas

10. Places to Play  

13. The Sky

14. Weather/ Season

16. Films/ Movies 

==> Sample Answer 

17. Crowded places

18. Patience

19. Tea & Coffee

20. Public Holidays

21. Sharing 

22. Letters & Emails

23. Drinking water

==> Sample Answer 

24. Visiting relatives

25. Study/Work

25.1. study.

26. Transport  

==> Model Answer

27. Your living area

28. Borrowing and Lending  

30. Street Markets  

31. Social Media

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics (Jan – Apr 2019)

3. Your living area

5. Science  

6. Pollutions  

9. Efficiency  

10. Street markets

11. Transports

12. Sharing

13. Colours

1 4. Cooking / Food

15. Painting/Drawing

16. Parks/ Gardens

19. Teachers

20. Watches

21. Weather/ Season

22. Sunglasses 

23. Morning Routine

26. Pets/ Animals 

27. The Sky

28. Films/ Movies

29. Crowded place

30. Tea & Coffee

31. Public holidays

32. Letters and Emails

33. Drinking-Water

Speaking Part 1 Topics (September – December 2018) 

You can download these topics with model answers (PDF file) here: Latest IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics with Samples 

2. Work /Job

==> Band 8+ Sample Answer

==>  Sample Answer 1

==> Sample Answer 2

==>  Sample Answer  1 

==> Sample Answer 2

6. Season/Weather 

7. Money-Saving

==> Sample Answer

10. Accommodation/House

==>  Sample Answer

11. Transportation 

13. Watches 

14. Mornings

15. Drink water

16. Cooking 

17. Foreign food

18. Being bored

20. Sunglasses 

21. Park/Garden

22. Painting/Art/Pictures 

23. On-time/ Punctuality 

24. Colours

25. Daily Routine

27. Emails & Letters

28. Hometown

29. Plants 

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Sample Answers (May to August 2018)


1. What’s the most popular means of transportation in your hometown?

The most common vehicle in my hometown is the motorbike. As I’ve read in a current newspaper, most adults have their own motorbikes. Moreover, I can easily catch sight of motorbikes whenever I go outside.

2. Do you usually commute by public transport?

I take buses to go to school at least twice a day as I haven’t got my own vehicle yet. I also usually use buses to visit my relatives or friends’ homes.

3. Is it easy to catch a bus in your country?

Yes, it’s easy. There are a lot of bus lines so I don’t have to wait for long. 

4. Can you compare the advantages of planes and trains?

Obviously, aeroplanes and trains have their own particular benefits for passengers. Regarding planes, they have been the fastest means of passenger transport invented so far. They enable people to travel all around the world in the shortest possible time. The biggest advantage of trains is their impressive safety record. Accidents are rare, so people can feel relaxed and just sit back and admire the views from their comfortable seats.

5. Is driving to work popular in your country?

Yes. I’m pretty sure that private cars and motorbikes are the two most popular vehicles in my country. Therefore, it is obvious that there are a large number of people who tend to drive to work.

6. Do you think people will drive more in the future?

Yes, I think so. There will be more drivers on the roads in the future due to the convenience of motoring and the affordable prices of cars.

7. Would you ride bikes to work in the future?

Yes. As I’m a young person, I like to do energetic activities to help me keep fit, so I will give priority to a job that is within cycling distance of my home.

8. Do you think what will become the most popular means of transportation in your country?

Personally, I think the prevalence of motorbikes will continue to dominate due to their advantages, namely, they are great for getting around quickly, they are easy to park and economical to run.

9. Do you prefer public transportation or private transportation?

Although owning a private vehicle has various advantages, I prefer using public transportation in order to economize as well as to help protect the environment.

Other questions:

1. Do you like to wear watches?

Well, I am more a cosmetics girl than clothing and accessories, hence, there are not many watches and jewellery in my possession. However, I am not against wearing a beautiful piece of art on my wrist and do own a few exclusive timepieces which suit perfectly with my clothing on some special occasions, giving me a sense of identity and uniqueness.

2. Why do people like expensive watches?

Just like any other accessories, the more luxurious a timepiece looks, the higher social status the owner may hold. Watches are widely used by both genders and one of the visual indicators presenting how professional, smart and attractive a person is. Therefore, if one wants to be acknowledged and taken seriously, he/she will prefer a high-end watch rather than a collection of low-end ones.

1. What’s (the name of) your hometown?

My hometown is ABC city where is located in the South of [your country]. It takes a 2-hour drive from here.

2. Is that a big city or a small place?

Well, my hometown is a medium city with roughly 15 wards. The booming population and economy have turned it into a promising land for many investors.

3. Please describe your hometown a little?

There are two words to describe my hometown, which are natural and dynamic. It has picturesque scenery of mountains and beaches. On the other side of the coin, its industry is growing fast; and a lot of industrial zones are being built there.

4. How long have you been living there?

I had spent a happy childhood in my hometown for 18 years until I left for study at university. It’s 5 years since the day I left, but the memory of my hometown is always in my mind.

5. What do you like (most) about your hometown?

I think it’s a peaceful and tranquil place, which always gives me peace of mind. The people in my hometown also have a strong sense of community. They live close together and always give others a hand when they are in need.

6. Do you think you will continue living there for a long time?

I think I will definitely go back to my hometown, find a job and settle down there because I love my hometown so much and it is also a safe, peaceful and worth-living place.

7. What do visitors like to go in your hometown?

I think most of them like to go to historical sites and the beautiful sunny beaches. Going there, they can learn more about our fascinating history and colourful culture or have a whale of time on the beach with crystal clear sky and turquoise sea.


1. Do you live in a house or an apartment?

I live in a terraced house that has a living room, a kitchen, three bedrooms, two bathrooms and a lovely back garden. It’s not really a spacious house, but it’s just right for me and my family.

2. Do you usually spend time with your family?

We often spend quality time together on eating well-prepared meals by my mother, talking with each other while enjoying our favourite delicious foods. It’s a precious time when we can momentarily get away from the hustle and bustle of the city.

4.What does your family usually do together?

My family often gathers around the table enjoying a cozy meal together, communicating and sometimes busting into laughter because of my father’s humorous stories. We’re also particularly into family game nights, when we huddle together to play cards or other family favorites.

Newspapers and magazines

1. Do you often read newspapers?

Yes, I read the newspaper every day to keep up to date with the latest news and see what the hottest topic of the day is. I’ve been in the habit of doing this for a long time.

2. Do you prefer to read local news or international news?

Well, I suppose that I have an inclination towards international news, especially news about relationships among countries around the world. This is probably because I really care about diplomatic issues and want to keep track of what’s happening outside my country.

3. Which is more popular where you live, in newspapers or magazines?

Well, I think that people read newspapers more often than magazines, normally because newspapers provide information that is relatively easy to understand for almost everyone. On the other hand, magazines contain longer articles and specifically focus on a particular topic which may be quite difficult or unfamiliar to some readers.

4. Do many people today read newspapers?

I guess… yes, maybe. Because every morning when I go to my office, I can see many people reading the daily newspapers at pavement cafés. However, I think nowadays people are gradually changing their habits and accessing the latest news online.

5. In the future, do you think more people than today will read magazines, or fewer people?

I’m not really sure about this, but I suppose that there will be fewer people reading magazines in the future. It’s probably because nowadays there are various sources of information, so people can search if they want to find the knowledge of any field, especially on the Internet… it’s easier and cheaper. Maybe in the future perhaps specialists will be the only ones who read the magazines which relate to their own particular fields.

6. Do you think newspapers will be very important to you in the future?

Well, honestly, I haven’t ever thought about that before, but I love my routine of reading newspapers while drinking coffee every morning, it’s completely relaxing. So I’ll try to keep reading newspapers as a regular habit as long as possible.

==> Sample Answers

Outdoor activities

1.Do you like outdoor activities?

Sadly I must say no. Since getting outdoor involves choosing clothes, meeting people and sometimes standing the weather, most of the time I’d prefer staying inside. If I’m free I can invite some friends to come over. We can still have fun without going out.

2. What outdoor activities do you like to do?

The outdoor activity I like to do best is my photography tour, especially when the weather is perfectly fine. I would walk around campus to find inspiration. It could be a flower, sunshine or the road I walk every day.

3.How often do you do that?

For the past few weeks I’m too busy that I hardly have time to go on my photography tour. Previously I got outside three times a week and depending on the weather condition that I could go out more or less often.

4. What outdoor sports do you like? (Why?)

Definitely swimming, especially during the summer. Not only is swimming good for my health, but it also helps me get in shape. Besides, I sometimes go jogging to enjoy fresh air.

5. How much time do you spend outdoors every week?

As I’ve already mentioned, I’m quite busy these days for any physical exercises. If going to the supermarket or go window-shopping are also considered as ‘getting outdoors’ then yeah, I guess I get outdoor once a week.

6. How often do you do outdoor activities?

I’m afraid not too often. I mean it’s not in my favour now. These days I’m so busy that most of the time I get outdoor is to go to school. Although I hang out with friends, we prefer having drink and a little chit chat instead of doing some sports.

7. What (types of) outdoor activities are popular in your country?

I think sports are particularly popular nowadays, as keeping fit is becoming more demanding. Or other street activities such as skateboarding, street-performing also are growing more and more popular among the young generation.

Frequently Asked Questions

Answers are given only to few questions? Where can I find answers for the remaining questions?

This post contains questions from 2018 to 2020. Is it enough if I read only the 2020 questions?

How do I answer the question “Where’s your hometown?”

How do I answer the question ” Do you like your job”?


Nafia Zuhana is an experienced content writer and IELTS Trainer. Currently, she is guiding students who are appearing for IELTS General and Academic exams through With an 8.5 score herself, she trains and provides test takers with strategies, tips, and nuances on how to crack the IELTS Exam. She holds a degree in Master of Arts – Creative Writing, Oxford Brookes University, UK. She has worked with The Hindu for over a year as an English language trainer.

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Latest IELTS Essay Topics ( IELTS Essay Topics 2021)

ielts writing topics general 2021

1. As are being used more and more in education, there will be soon no role for in the classroom.

There have been immense advances in technology in most aspects of people’s lives, especially in the field of education. Nowadays, an increasing number of students rely on computers to research for information and to produce a perfect paper for school purposes. Others have decided to leave the original way of learning to get knowledge through online schools. These changes in the learning process have brought a special concern regarding the possible decrease of importance of teachers in the classroom. Some people believe the role of teachers started to fade because computers have been helping some students to progress in their studies quicker than when compared with an original classroom. For example, in the same classroom, students have different intellectual capacities, thus some would be tied to a slow advance in their studies because of others’ incapacity of understanding. In this way, pupils could progress in their acquisition of knowledge at their own pace using computers instead of learning from teachers. However, the presence of a teacher is essential for students because the human contact influences them in positive ways. Firstly, students realize that they are not dealing with a machine but with a human being who deserves attention and respect. They also learn the importance of studying in group and respect other students, which helps them to improve their social skills. Moreover, teachers are required in the learning process because they acknowledge some student’s deficiencies and help them to solve their problems by repeating the same explanation, giving extra exercises or even suggesting a private tutor. Hence, students can have a bigger chance not to fail in a subject. In conclusion, the role for teachers in the learning process is still very important and it will continue to be in the fu

2. In some countries young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people who decide to do this.

It is quite common these days for young people in many countries from The expertise of a teacher different individuals mimicked by a computer sophisticated its software acquisition of knowledge open minded studying after graduating from high school. who have the money to travel, but is poorer students who choose to work and become economically independent for a period of time. The reasons for this trend may involve the recognition that a young adult who passes directly from school to university is rather restricted in terms of general knowledge and experience of the world. By contrast, those who have spent some time earning a living or traveling to other places have a broader view of life and better personal resources to draw on. They tend to be more independent, which is a very important factor in academic study and research, as well as giving them an advantage in terms of coping with the challenges of student life. However, there are certainly dangers in taking time off at that important age. Young adults may end up never returning to their studies or finding it difficult to readapt to an academic environment. They may think that it is better to continue in a particular job, or to do something completely different from a university course. But overall, I think this is less likely today, when academic qualifications are essential for getting a reasonable career. My view is that young people should be encouraged to broaden their horizons. That is the best way for them to get a clear perspective of what they are hoping to do with their lives

and why. Students with such a perspective are usually the most effective and motivated ones and taking a year off may be the best way to gain this. (291 words)

3. Some people believe that a college or university education should be available to all students. Others believe that higher education should be available only to good students. Discuss these views. Which view do you agree with? Explain why.

People learn through their entire lives. They constantly improve their knowledge and develop. I think that a college or university education should be available to all students because every person has the right to choose the way to self-perfection. Bellow I will give some of my reasons to support my position. First of all, every person should have the chance to get a higher degree, gain new knowledge and experience. However, some people believe that higher education should be available only to good students. I think it is silly. It is like to make unavailable traveling for one who does not have IQ high enough. Second of all, some young people do not do well at school but they have great personality and ability to learn. They are self-confident, persistent and patient. With these qualities they can get higher grades then their classmates who are talented but lazy. Imagine for example situation when a teenager gets high grades because his or her parents constantly make him or her study and help to do most of the homework. In this case a child does very well at school but I think a college can show the opposite results. Finally, it is a discrimination against students to make available higher education only for good ones. So, if a student does poor and gets low grades he/she should be sent down. But if a person was never given a chance to try himself/herself at college, what to do in this case? To sum up, I think that all young people should have the chance to get a higher education. To take or not this chance must be up to them. (277 words)

4. Some people believe that the best way of learning about life is by listening to the . Other people believe that the best way of learning about life is through . Compare the advantages of these two different ways of learning about life. Which do you think is preferable? Use specific examples to support your preference.

From my everyday experience and observation I can stand that the best way of learning about life is through personal experience. However, some people think that it is wiser to learn about life through listening to the advice of family and friends. It does not mean I totally disagree with this way of learning. Moreover, I think that it is wise for a person to take an intermediate position because each of these ways has its own advantages. Bellow I will give my reasons to support my point of view. From the one side, learning through one’s personal experience brings many benefits. First of all, scientists say that personal experience has greater impact on a person. I have to agree with this. Take for example children. They will not believe their parents that something can hurt them until they try it and make sure in it. Furthermore, most likely they

will remember this experience longer. Second of all, people learn how to analyze their mistakes, make conclusions and next time try to avoid them. So, I think it is a great experience that makes people stronger, more self-confident and persistent. They gain more knowledge and experience that will be very helpful and valuable in the future. From the other side, listening to the advice of family and friends brings many benefits too. Parents with great patience pass down their knowledge and experience to their children. They teach them all they know and they want their children do not make the same mistakes. In addition to those practical benefits, learning from someone’s advice is painless. For example, parents nowadays very often talk to their children about drugs. I think it is a great example when one should not try drugs in order to gain new experience. I think it is a case when children must trust their parents. To sum up, I think it is wise to combine both of these ways to learn and try to analyze personal mistakes as well as not personal. I think together they can greatly simplify one’s life and make the way to success shorter. (350 words)

5. With the pressures on today’s young people to succeed academically, some people believe that at school (eg: physical education and cookery) should be from the syllabus so that children can concentrate wholly on academic subjects. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

What young people should study at school has long been the subject of intense debate and this is a question that certainly does not have one correct answer. We need to provide young people the best possible chance of doing well at school. In traditional curriculum there is a wide variety of subjects with a mix of academic and non- academic subjects. In this way a young person is formed with a rounded education. Non- academic subjects would include sports, cooking, woodwork and metalwork. I believe this is the best form of education. A young person should learn things other than academic subjects. Sport is particularly important. Young people have to learn to love sport so that they can be fit and healthy later in life. If not we will be raising an obese and unfit generation. I totally understand the point of view that education is so important that students must be pushed as hard as possible to achieve their best. It sounds a good idea to only expose the students to academic subjects as then they can spend all of their school hours on studying areas that will get them into university and good jobs later in life. I just feel a more rounded education would produce a better individual. We must remember too that a lot of people, maybe even most people, aren‛t academically minded and would benefit more from a more vocationally based education. Forcing academic studies onto them would lead to failure and the student leaving school too early. Therefore I agree that although a wholly academic curriculum would suit and benefit some young people, I believe that for most students non-academic subjects are important inclusions still in today‛s syllabuses.

6. In many countries, classes are replaced with the subjects. Discuss the effects of this trend. Over the past few decades, academic subjects ha

Over the past few decades, academic subjects have become increasingly important in this . Nowadays, there has been a growing as to whether it would be more effective to replace physical education classes with academic subjects. Despite the importance of sports, I highly believe that it is inevitable and more efficient to focus more on academic subjects for several reasons. Those who argue that sports and exercise classes are needed in school base their case on the following arguments. First of all, sports are a good way to build character and develop personality. That is, there are necessary for learning about competition, cooperation, and good sportsmanship. In addition, as a majority of children these days are addicted to the Internet, they find it hard to leave their computer. Consequently, a growing number of children are becoming overweight or obese due to a lack of exercise. So, if schools foster an environment that deprives students of getting a proper physical education, it will have a long-term negative effect on children both mentally and physically. Nevertheless, people should not ignore the fact that to academic subjects will benefit students more in the . The time devoted to physical education now would be better spent teaching students English. This is because speaking fluent English will give young people an advantage over other college applicants and job seekers in the near future. Besides, science will undoubtedly benefit youth more than physical education as well. The principles learned in science will provide the necessary foundation for solving and difficult problems that are sure to arise in students’ futures. In summary, there are high hopes that educators and parents exercise wisdom in teaching young generations. (300 words)

7. Some people think high school graduates should travel or work for a period of time instead of going directly to study at university. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of both approaches. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

High school students face many decisions as they prepare to graduate, including what they are going to do after graduation. Some high school students go directly to college or university after graduation. Others prefer to travel or work for some time before going to university. For those who choose to go college or university after graduation, there are advantages and disadvantages. One of the big advantages of going directly from high school to college is that you are still in the habit of studying. By going to college after graduation, you do not lose the study skills that you developed during high school. The big disadvantages, however, is that you may not be ready for college. You may not know exactly what you want to study, or you may be more interested in freedom and parties than in your courses. At that age, it is often difficult for students to take on the responsibilities of college. There are also advantages and disadvantages to working or traveling befor starting college. Working or traveling allows you a better idea of what you want to do with your life. You gain practical experience that helps you define what you want to study. You also are well prepared for the responsibilities of college or university studies. On the other hand, by the time you start college, you will probably have obligations, like a job or spouse, which keep you from focusing on studies. In addition, travelling or working before college may cause you to spend enough time out of school that you forget how to study. The desicion of what to do after hich school graduation can be a difficult one. Deciding whether to go straight into college or university or take time to work or travel is something that faces every high school student. After thinking about the advantages and disadvantages of both options, the decision should be based on what is best for you.

8. The student who study from the school to university get benefit less and contribute less too, than those of student who go to travel or job and get skills and experience before going high. Do you agree or disagree?

Nowadays, in our competitive world, to succeed, knowledge from school and university is not enough. Therefore, the student who study from the school to university get benefit less and contribute less too, than those of student who go to travel or job and get experience and skills before going high. There are two following reasons to prove for my opinion. I call the group of people who study from school to university is group A and the other group is group B. Firstly, at school and university, what group A gain is almost theory, theory and theory. Of course, theory is very neccessary, however, you can’t do everything with theory. You must have praticeable experience. This is what group A lack very much. Although in the third of forth year at university, group A can be apprentices in some companies, to help them approach their future jobs, they aren’t trained well because of short time. And the real job is still very strange with them. After graduating, without experience, group A can’t accomplish their work perfectly. On the other hand, it take them time and money to keep up with other experienced ones and may be scorned. Therefore, group A can contribute less than group B who have the most two important things: skills and experience. Secondly, as group A is contribute less, they surely get less benefit. Moreover, many companies which employ people in group A have to train them from the back-ground.

These companies take this cost from group A’s salary to get rid of the fact that their employees may leave after being trained to other companies. So, less benefit is unavoidable and certain, Whereas group B are more loyal and effective workers. They also have useful experience and skills. Besides, their education is the same as or even higher than group A. As the result, group B get more benefit absolutely. In conclusion, I think student should go to travel or job before going high. Therefore, they can’t only have basic knowledge but also skills and experience which are useful for them to get a good job and a brilliant future. This essay is too long (350 words instead of 250). To fight this problem, try to write more in general and provide fewer details. The language and ideas are good and so is the essay?s structure. Looks like Band 7 to me.

9. Disruptive school students have a negative influence on others. Students who are noisy and disobedient should be grouped together and taught separately. Do you agree or disagree?

There is no doubt that some students in schools behave badly and their behaviour causes difficulty for others either because it has a negative effect on the group or because ordinary students find it difficult to study with them. One solution is to take these students away and teach them on their own. However, if we simply have them removed after one or two warnings, we are limiting their educational opportunities because it seems to me that a school which caters for difficult students is a sort of “prison” whatever name you give it and the people who go there may never recover from the experience. This can then cause problems for the wider society. Perhaps we need to look at why the disruptive students behave badly before we separate them. Disruptive students may be very intelligent and find the classes boring because the work is too easy. Perhaps these students need extra lessons rather than separate lessons. Or perhaps the teachers are uninspiring and this results in behavioural problems so we need better teachers. On the other hand, most students put up with this situation rather than cause trouble, and some people argue that we have to learn to suffer bad teachers and boring situations and that students who can’t learn this lesson need to be taught separately. So before we condemn the students to a special school, we should look at factors such as the teaching, because once the children have been separated, it is very unlikely that they will be brought back.

10. Some people think that universities should not provide so much theoretical knowledge but give more practical training throughout their courses. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

In the past, a majority of academics have held the opinion that universities should only offer a theoretically-based approach to teaching throughout their courses, as opposed to the more recent trend towards empirical acquisition of knowledge involving more “hands on” experience. Is this the most effective way for students to learn vital academic information while undertaking their degrees? Undoubtedly, advantages and disadvantages of both academic learning styles have to be evaluated. Firstly, on the one hand, despite being the more traditional educational approach, learning from theory in relevant academic discourses to identify established knowledge allows us to gain a professional insight. For example, students can easily identify facts and opinions from past discourses. In addition, students acquire knowledge more easily when given relative theoretical examples to build upon. For instance, in subjects such as history or sociology, studying textbook examples allows students to unravel complex academic theories which they could expand on. Alternatively, there are some disadvantages for students. On the other hand, there is no doubt that students could find themselves reading tedious and monotonous academic papers. For instance, university degrees involving the evaluation of numerous ‘long-winded’ academic discourses provide little inspiration for students, discouraging enthusiasm. Obviously, interest can be stimulated through empirical research in class. By this I mean that ‘the human brain learns best by doing’. Although time-consuming, there is no substitute for learning from making mistakes. In conclusion, while both approaches have benefits and drawbacks in our ever-changing academic world, I honestly believe that a more practical approach promotes a stronger acquisition of academic knowledge. In spite of the comprehensive nature which theoretical teaching can possibly provide, practical learning equals more positive learning for future generations. (280 words)

11. People attend college or university for many defferent reasons (for example, new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge). Why do you think people attend college or university?

People attend college for a lot of different reasons. I believe that the three most common reasons are to prepare for a career, to have new experiences, and to increase their knowledge of themselves and of the world around them. Career preparation is probably the primary reason that people attend college. These days, the job market is very competitive. Careers such as information technology will need many new workers in the near future. At college, students can learn new skills for these careers and increase their opportunities for the future. Students also go to college to have new experiences. For many, it is their first time away from home. At college, they can meet new people from many different places. They can see what life is like in a different city. They can learn to live on their own and take care of themselves without having their family always nearby.

At college, students have the opportunity to increase their knowledge. As they decide what they want to study, pursue their studies, and interact with their classmates, they learn a lot about themselves. They also, of course, have the opportunity to learn about many subjects in their classes. In addition to the skills and knowledge related to their career, college students also have the chance to take classes in other areas. For many, this will be their last chance to study different subjects. Colleges offer much more than career preparation. They offer the opportunity to have new experiences and to learn many kinds of things. I think all of these are reasons why people attend college.

12. Nowadays, education overseas has become more accessible and growing numbers of people send their offspring to study in other countries. However, this trend has its detractors. I strongly believe that the pros far outweigh the cons, and will examine both below.

One of the greatest advantages is that the children learn to be independent. Having to cook, clean, and pay bills instills this in them. Often they have to work part-time to make ends meet, and this impresses upon them the importance of work and money management. Another important factor is that these children will be exposed to different cultures and ways of thinking. They will become more open-minded and tolerant and are likely to become more adaptable individuals. One of the main motives for sending young people abroad to study is that it enhances their employment prospects. In my experience of living in foreign countries and speaking to various youths, it seems that a foreign education is regarded as something desirable and helpful in getting a decent job. A degree from Britain, for example, is seen as being of a higher standard than one from a developing country. Furthermore, living in a foreign country may lead to fluency in a second language, which is another selling point for prospective employers. In addition, many companies are keen to recruit people with a global outlook. There are a few drawbacks however. For instance, without parental supervision, the new found freedom children experience may lead to harmful practices such as drug-taking and drinking. Reluctance or inability to reintegrate into their mother country is another. To sum up, it can be seen that the advantages of studying abroad for children are more numerous than the disadvantages. Of course a lot depends on the age of the child, but I believe that for most teenagers it would be a positive experience.

13. It has been said, “Not everything that is learned is contained in books.” Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?

“Experience is the best teacher” is an old cliché, but I agree with it. We can learn a lot of important things from books, but the most important lessons in life come from our own experiences. Throughout the different stages of life, from primary school to university to adulthood, experience teaches us many skills we need for life. As children in primary school, we learn facts and information from books, but that is not all we learn in school. On the playground we learn how to make friends. In our class work, we learn how it feels to succeed and what we do when we fail. We start to learn about the things we like to do and the things we don’t. We don’t learn these things from books, but from our experiences with our friends and classmates. In our university classes, we learn a lot of information and skills we will need for our future careers, but we also learn a lot that is not in our textbooks. In our daily lives both in class and out of class, we learn to make decisions for ourselves. We learn to take on responsibilities. We learn to get along with our classmates, our roommates, and our workmates. Our successes and failures help us develop skills we will need in our adult lives. They are skills that no book can teach us. Throughout our adulthood, experience remains a constant teacher. We may continue to read or take classes for professional development. However, our experiences at work, at home, and with our friends teach us more. The triumphs and disasters of our lives teach us how to improve our careers and also how to improve our relationships and how to be the person each one of us wants to be. Books teach us a lot, but there is a limit to what they teach. They can give us information or show us another person’s experiences. These are valuable things, but the lessons we learn from our own experiences, from childhood through adulthood, are the most important ones we learn.

14. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should read only those books that are about real events, real people, and established facts. Use specific reasons and details to support your opinion.

Some people think that fiction books have no use at all. They claim that people should read about real events that took place, real people, and established facts. I have to totally disagree with this statement. From my everyday experience and observation I can stand that fiction, miracles and fairy tails are required in our life. For several reasons, which I will mention below, I believe that fiction books play an essential role in our life. First of all, it is kind of difficult to imagine a six year old child reading about politics or history with the real facts that are not always pleasant. I think that children need miracles and Santa Claus because the real world is too complicated for them. They are too innocent and inexperienced to know the real facts and understand what a real life is about. In addition, I am sure that making a child read only non-fiction books can result in shock. Second of all, following this statement about refusing from reading books about fiction events we also should refuse from festivals, parades, and celebration such holidays as Halloween because most of the characters there are fictional. Moreover, comic books will disappear as well as animated films and fiction movies. The disadvantage of non-fiction lies in the facts that nothing happens to excite the mind and spirit. From the other side, fiction provides a great slope for a mind to think creatively. In conclusion, I think that people need miracles. We can not be satisfied with only naked truth. Human kind must believe in something and this belief helps people break limits and make new inventions. (273 words)

15. Going overseas for university study is an exciting prospect for many people. But while it may offer some advantages, it is probably better to stay home because of the difficulties a student inevitably encounters living and studying in a different culture. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

There is no doubt that going to study in a foreign country, with its different language and culture, can be a frustrating and sometimes painful experience. But while overseas study has its drawbacks, the difficulties are far outweighed by the advantages. Indeed, people who go abroad for study open themselves up to experiences that those who stay at home will never have. The most obvious advantage to overseas university study is real-life use of a different language. While a person can study a foreign language in his or her own country, it cannot compare with constant use of the language in academic and everyday life. There is no better opportunity to improve second-language skills than living in the country in which it is spoken. Moreover, having used the language during one’s studies offers a distinct advantage when one is applying for jobs back home that require the language. On a university campus, the foreign student is not alone in having come from far away. He or she will likely encounter many others from overseas and it is possible to make friends from all around the world. This is not only exciting on a social level, but could lead to important overseas contacts in later professional life. Finally, living and studying abroad offers one a new and different perspective of the world and, perhaps most important, of one’s own country. Once beyond the initial shock of being in a new culture, the student slowly begins to get a meaningful understanding of the host society. On returning home, one inevitably sees one’s own country in a new, often more appreciative, light. In conclusion, while any anxiety about going overseas for university study is certainly understandable, it is important to remember that the benefits offered by the experience make it well worthwhile.

16. Many students do not finish school. Why is this, and how can the problem be solved? School Drop-Outs: Problems and Solutions

Today, although most students in the UAE complete school, a large number still drop out because of family, social and work pressures. This problem requires serious action from both individuals and the government. Most students who do not complete school do so because of family problems. Girls, especially, want to get married and start a family. Some parents are not interested in education and do not support their children in studying. Social problems are also a contributing factor. Education is compulsory but, despite this, some people do not take it seriously. Furthermore, jobs are available even if students do not have a good education. The third reason is work pressure. Some families are poor and need their children to work in order to increase the income. All these problems will create young people who do not have any skills and who will not be able to improve their lives for the family and the country. There are several things that can be done about these problems. Parents should be encouraged to send their children to school. Schools with baby-minding facilities should be opened specially for married students. The government needs to stress the importance of education and even offer financial support to students to continue. This will encourage students to stay at school rather than start working. In conclusion, there are several things that the government can do to allow more people to finish school. However, a number of society attitudes also have to change if the country’s young people are to achieve their full potential. 256 words

17. Does a university education lead to success in life?

It is very difficult to answer the claim that a person needs a university education to be successful in life because success in life means different things to different people. This essay starts by defining three different ideas of success. Following this, it looks at which types of success are dependent on a university education. Success in life can be achieved in different ways. Many magazines and television programmes tell us that success means having a lot of money, having a fulfilling career, and being powerful. In contrast, most religious and spiritual organizations claim that success means finding spiritual happiness and being at peace with God and with yourself. Another idea of success focuses on relationships – being surrounded by people who love you and care about you, spending time with family and friends. A university education can help you achieve some types of success, but it makes little or no difference to whether or not you are successful in other areas of life. Undoubtedly, a university education is essential if you want to have a career in a profession such as law, engineering, teaching, or medicine. However, you do not need a university degree to become a wealthy and powerful movie star, sports star or businessperson. In fact, a university education does not generally enable you to achieve spiritual happiness, or to have successful relationships with family and friends. sIn conclusion, there are many different types of success. A university education may help you to achieve professional success in some careers. However, it will not help you to achieve success in other areas of your life such as your spiritual life or your relationships.

275 words Author unknown, edited slightly

18. Education: Losing its Value

Today, it seems to be universally accepted that increased education is a good thing. Thousands of colleges and millions of students spend vast amounts of time and money chasing pieces of paper. But what is the value of these qualifications? This essay will discuss whether education has been devalued. Supporters of education (usually teachers or educators, or those who have an interest in stopping people thinking for themselves) say that increased levels of education will open doors for students. Certificates, diplomas, and degrees are held up as a status symbol, a passport to a private club of money and power. However, the truly powerful are not those who have taken degrees, but people who have stood back and looked at what is really important in life. They have seen opportunity and followed dreams. These people are found in every part of society. Like many brilliant people, Einstein was a weak student at math. Like many successful businessmen, Bill Gates never completed college. Like many inventive and creative people, Edison never went to school. The greatest religious teachers do not have letters after their name, but have looked into their hearts for meaning. Similarly, the world’s political leaders do not have master’s degrees or doctorates. These are the people who shaped our century, and they are too busy with real life to spend time in the paper chase. Students in college are being sold an illusion. They are made to believe that self- understanding and society approval will come with the acquisition of a piece of paper. Instead of thinking for themselves, and finding their own personality and strengths, they are fitted like square pegs into round holes. The role of education is to prepare masses of people to operate at low levels of ability in a very limited and restricted range of activities. Some of these activities are more challenging than perhaps the assembly lines of the past, but still the ultimate purpose is equally uninteresting. More worryingly, despite the increased level of education, people are still not genuinely expected to think for themselves. In fact, the longer years of schooling make the job of brainwashing even easier. There is still a role for study, research, and education. However, we need to examine our emphasis on education for the sake of a piece of paper, and to learn the real meaning and revolutionary challenge of knowledge.

19. Education: Still Invaluable

In the past, degrees were very unusual in my family. I remember the day my uncle graduated. We had a huge party, and for many years my mother called him “the genius” and listened to his opinion. Today, in comparison five of my brothers and sisters have

degrees, and two are studying for their masters’. However, some people think that this increased access to education is devaluing degrees. In this essay, I will look at some of the arguments for and against the increased emphasis on degrees in our society. People have several arguments against the need for degrees. They say that having so many graduates devalues a degree. People lose respect for the degree holder. It is also claimed that education has become a rat race. Graduates have to compete for jobs even after years of studying. Another point is that studying for such a long time leads to learners becoming inflexible. They know a lot about one narrow subject, but are unable to apply their skills. Employers prefer more flexible and adaptable workers. However, I feel strongly that this move to having more qualifications is a positive development. In the past education was only for the rich and powerful. Now it is available to everyone, and this will have many advantages for the country and the individual. First of all, it is impossible to be overeducated. The more people are educated, the better the world will be, because people will be able to discuss and exchange ideas. A further point is that people with degrees have many more opportunities. They can take a wider variety of jobs and do what they enjoy doing, instead of being forced to take a job they dislike. Finally, a highly educated workforce is good for the economy of the country. It attracts foreign investment. In conclusion, although there are undoubtedly some problems with increased levels of education, I feel strongly that the country can only progress if all its people are educated to the maximum of their ability. 339 words

20. It is often said that the subjects taught in schools are too academic in orientation and that it would be more useful for children to learn about practical matters such as home management, work and interpersonal skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

A criticism often heard these days is that the subjects taught in schools tend to be too academic, and contribute little to preparing a young person for the real-life tasks he or she will have to perform after graduation. They say that academic subjects are rooted in the past, and are not useful for solving modern problems. I disagree with this point of view for three reasons. My first reason is that it is the duty of parents, not teachers, to prepare their children to deal with the practical affairs of life. The home, not the classroom, is the ideal place to learn about home management and interpersonal skills. As for work abilities and attitudes, they are best learned “on the job” and under the supervision of an experienced older worker. My second reason is that academic subjects have withstood the test of time. They represent the accumulated wisdom of our ancestors down through the ages, and, far from being impractical, they equip us with the knowledge and confidence to make sound judgements about any problems which may crop up. In addition, academic subjects are good for training us in mental discipline, while practical subjects are weak in this regard.

My third reason is based on the saying “Man does not live by bread alone.” Schooldays devoted solely to instruction in down-to-earth practical matters would be dull indeed! Lessons in the best literature of the world, and the epoch-making scientific and geographical discoveries of the past enrich our lives and make us feel that we are part of the great family of mankind. All in all, the teaching of academic subjects in schools is entirely appropriate. It is my firmly held view that practical subjects have no place in the classroom. On the contrary, the curriculum should be more academic!

21. It has been said, “Not every thing that is learned is contained in books.” Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?

“Experience is the best teacher” is an old cliché, but I agree with it. The most important, and sometimes the hardest, lessons we learn in life come from our participation in situations. You can’ learn everything from a book. Of course, learning from books in a formal educational setting is also valuable. It’s in schools that we learn the information we need to function in our society. We learn how to speak and write and understand mathematical equations. This is all information that we need to live in our communities and earn a living. Nevertheless, I think that the most important lessons can’t be taught; they have to be experienced. No one can teach us how to get along with others or how to have self- respect. As we grow from children into teenagers, no one can teach us how to deal with peer pressure. As we leave adolescence behind and enter adult life, no one can teach us how to fall in love and get married. This shouldn’t stop us from looking for guidelines along the way. Teachers and parents are valuable sources of advice when we’re young. As we enter into new stages in our lives, the advice we receive from them is very helpful because they have already bad similar experiences. But experiencing our own triumphs and disasters is really the only way to learn how to deal with life. (252 words)

22. Nowadays environmental problems are too big to be managed by individual persons or individual countries. In other words, it is an international problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

An essential problem of the 21st century is world pollution. Currently the environment is so much contaminated that urgent measures should be taken. The single individual cannot be blamed for the world pollution, however every person should take care of his or her habitat. In addition, it is vital that environmental issues should be treated internationally. Lately, many presentations, conferences and international summits are held regarding waste treatment, recycling, soil and water contamination. For sure joint efforts and consolidation can only help in the mutual war towards the environmental disaster, which is going on. For instance, governments should offer support to companies and organizations, involved in manufacturing, industry or agriculture in order to find environment friendly approaches. These could be special law regulations, recycling programs, helping courses in order to implement ISO certificates and many more. However, the influence of individuals over environment should not be ignored. If we do not confess that our planet is our home, we will never be able to take adequately care of it. We have to contribute every day to the preservation of nature and environment. For example, always remember to save energy by switching off lamps, computers and everything that we do not use. Our next obligation is to separate waste and throw bulk only in the designated areas. Driving vehicles can also be environment friendly. For example, we have to avoid accelerating the engines too rapidly or using the air condition in the country, where it will be better to save energy and simply open the windows. To sum up, environmental problems should be handled by local and international authorities also. Every single person should take care of environment and moreover we have to bring up our children to be conscious citizens of a clean and preserved planet.

23. Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish. Why do you think this is happening? What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?

I think it is true that in almost every country today each household and family produces a large amount of waste every week. Most of this rubbish comes from the packaging from the things we buy, such as processed food. But even if we buy fresh food without packaging, we still produce rubbish from the plastic bags used everywhere to carry shopping home. The reason why we have so much packaging is that we consume so much more on a daily basis than families did in the past. Convenience is also very important in modern life, so we buy packaging or canned food that can be transported from long distances and stored untill we need it, first in the supermarket, and then at home. However, I think the amount of waste produce is also a result of our tendency to use something once and throw it away. We forget that even the cheapest plastic bag has used up valuable resources and energy to produce. We also forget that it is a source of pollution and difficult to dispose of. I think, therefore, that governments need to raise this awareness in the general public. Children can be educated about environmental issues at school, but adults need to take action. Governments can encourage such action by putting taxes on packaging, such as plastic bags, by providing recycling services and by thing households and shops that do not attempt to recycle their waste. With the political will, such measures could really reduce the amount of rubbish we produce. Certainly nobody wants to see our resources used up and our planet poisoned by waste.

24. Scientists and the news media are presenting ever more evidence of climate change. Governmnets cannot be expected to solve this problem. It is the responsibility of individuals to change their lifestyle to prevent further damage. What are your views?

Recently scientists worried about climate change have urged governments to introduce measures to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that are seen as its main cause. Simoultaneouslty, politicians and environmentalists have urged individuals to make changes to their lifestyle. I shall argue that governments and individuals should take join responsibility for this problem. Firstly, industry accounts for a large proportion of the greenhouse gas emissions, and this can only be controlled by government action. Measures could be taken to discourage pollution, such as limiting or taxing the use of fossil fuels. Alternatively, subsidies could be offered to industries to clean up their production processes. If these ideas were adopted, I believe that businesses would regard pollution as a financial issue. Secondly, only discussion between governments can ensure that solutions are successful. The Kyoto agreement, for example, tried to reach global agreement on how to address the problem. Without such co-operating, it seems to me that efforts to reduce fuel consumption are unlikely to be effective. However, national and international policies will only secceed if individuals also change their lifestyle. For example, people could think more carefully about how they use energy in their homes. By using less electricity, installing energy-efficient light bulbs and electrical appliances, or investing in solar panels, individuals can make a real difference. In addition, I think individual attitudes to transport need to change. Instead of making short tips by car, people could choose to walk, cycle, or take a bus. Since cars are a major source of the problem, changing our behaviour in this area would have a major impact. In conclusion, I would maintain that only a combination of international agreement, national policies, and changes in individual behaviour will succeed in preventing further damage to the environment. (291 words)

25. Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as forests, animals, or clean water. Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

As human’s population is dramatically rising every year, people’s requirements are increasing too. We need more food, more fresh water, more places to live. As a result of this many parts of the world are losing essential and sometimes irreplaceable resources, such as forest, animals, or fresh water. In this essay I will focus on the threat of disappearing many wild animals. The reason why I think that animals should be preserved is that all living creatures on this planet are connected with each other. So, the disappearance of only one species can cause dramatic changes in the planet and even death of many other living creatures. For example, the disappearance of bats will cause the huge increasing of insect population and this will reflect on all animals and plants. Another example is that if the population of bats increases, the population of insects will decrease significantly, and this will cause the disappearance of many plants because insects are the main pollinators. So, I think it is very important to preserve all species on our planet and live in harmony with our environment. Another important reason why I think that animals should be saved is that I, personally, do not want my child to learn about different animals from books and not be able to see them alive. I think it is shameful for humankind to explain our children that we are the reason why those animals disappeared. In conclusion, I would like to say that the issue about losing important natural resources is topical and open for debate nowadays. I believe that together people can make a difference. From my point of view, the first problem we should find a solution for is human’s overpopulation. As I mentioned above people’s demands are growing and this means we consume more and more natural resources. The second question, which is on the list of most important issues, is pollution including the air pollution, water pollution, etc. (325 words)

26. The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world’s cities can be attributed directly to the rapidly increasing number of private cars in use. In order to reverse this decline in the quality of life in cities, attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less and public transport more. Discuss possible ways to encourage the use of public transport

Anyone who lives in a city is aware of the increasing number of cars on the road and the kinds of problems this creates: traffic jams, air pollution and longer commuting periods. As economies grow and access to cars spreads to increasing numbers of people, this trend is likely to worsen. The solution, it would seem, is for governrnment to encourage the use of public transport in urban areas, thus decreasing dependence on the car. One way to stimulate public transport use is to make private car use more expensive and inconvenient. The introduction of tolls along urban motorways has been successfully employed in many cities. Other such measures are high-priced permits for parking in urban areas and the restriction of parking to a limited number of cars. Faced with high costs or no place to park, commuters would perhaps be more willing to abandon their cars in favour of buses or trains. There are also less punishing ways of spurring public transport use. The construction of free carparks at suburban train stations has proven successful in quite a number of countries. This allows commuters to drive part of the way, but take public transport into the central, most congested, urban areas. Indeed, making public transport more comfortable and convenient should work to attract more commuters and decrease traffic congestion. Public transport that is convenient and comfortable retains its passengers, much like any business that satisfies its customers. The more commuters committed to taking public transport, the less congestion on city streets.

27.The earth is being filled with waste material such as plastic bags and other rubbish. Is this really happening? What are some solutions to this problem?

Over the past few decades, the increasing amount of industrial wastes and household garbage has become a major problem in many countries. People have questioned what caused this problem and what can be done to improve the situation. In my opinion, two of the most critical causes of this waste material problem are the increased consumption and a shortage of space for landfill. To begin with, modern lifestyle has contributed greatly to the increasing amount of waste and garbage we produce everyday. In other words, we have turned into a materialistic and mass-consumption society where we use more and throw away more than ever before. Moreover, countries are running out of space to store garbage and waste material. In fact, securing land for waste disposal raises controversies in many countries. To solve this intractable problem, every citizen needs to participate in producing less garbage. For example, we can bring our own personal shopping bags instead of using plastic bags provided by stores and shops. Besides, the government can enforce stricter laws on companies to use biodegradable packaging or use recycled material. Indeed, this alone can eliminate much of the waste which is sent to at land fills. Companies can also contribute by developing new raw material which is recyclable and will ultimately lead to less garbage. One good example of this is that tire companies develop new tires for cars which are not made of rubber but of new biodegradable material. As discussed above, individuals, business and the government can share the responsibility to reduce the amount of waste material and to save the earth. I hope that in the future our offspring will be better off with the well-preserved environment. (282 words)

28. With all the troubles in the world today, money spent on space exploration is a complete waste. The money could be better spent on other things.

Nations after nations, everyday, every year, celebrate their achievements in space exploration . However, it is now time to question how meaningful these blasts are. This essay aims to explain why it is questionable. First, until all urgent and important matters in this globe have been solved, money bumped on space exploration is of no meaning. It is not a common sense at all to invest million dollars researching and producing foods for astronauts (for space exploration purpose), while everyday thousands of people are starving. Furthermore, the discovery of outer space only serves a minor group of people if the majority are even not well- educated. Those in rural areas or third-world nations do no even know how to prevent common threatening diseases like AIDS and lung cancer. Then, some may argue that the purpose of space exploration are to discover new lands, new energy resources or to deter potential threat to globe. Nevertheless, is it effective to do so while other alternatives are available? Lands on earth are no yet effectively used. New energy resources (e.g. solar and nuclear energy) have not yet been widely-used. Threats of plagues have not yet been deterred. All these ?not- yets? need money. That is why costly space discovery programs are a waste of money. In the nutshell, people should only invest in space exploration providing that () early- mentioned urgent and important matters have been solved. Also, purposes of space exploration campaign should be studied carefully and other alternatives should be considered before money is wasted. This is a very good essay, well done.

29. Some say that the internet is making the world smaller by bringing people together. To what extent do to you agree that the internet is making it easier for people to communicate with one another.

A global village, that is certainly what the world feels like nowadays. With the help of the world wide web, you can reach out and get to know people you might never meet in person. Articles can be coauthored, business deals can be finalized, degrees can be earned and at times even medical advice can be given?and all of this is just a click away. Electronic mail, instant messages, web cameras and microphones; all these gadgets and programs make the presence of the other the person more real. Who knows; with the help of visual reality you might even get a 3-D image of the speaker! I believe that the internet is one the best inventions of the last century, you can hardly get to miss anyone and nobody is really out of reach. You will get to keep the channels patent with your friends, and will be able to do your work from your bedroom in your pajamas! 

However, the internet can also be a major source of harassment. Spammers and hackers can invade your privacy and get personal/confidential information, which otherwise they will never get access to. You are never out of anybody’s reach, unless you make a conscious decision of not checking your email, there can be always more work waiting for you in your inbox and you might never have a moment for yourself. Worse, if you were a workaholic, you might never experience that stress-free vacation ever again in your life?simply, because you have your mobile workplace with you. As a romantic, I will always look forward to getting an occasional letter in the snail mail. A personal letter, where I can sense the mood of the writer by the slants in his/her handwriting and get to know him/her better. But as a type A personality person, the internet gives me all what I dream of in communication?speed, reliability, and convenience of time and place. I can certainly tolerate its shortcomings any day, as long as it keeps me close to my loved ones. This is a great essay, at least band 7 and maybe even 8. It is longer than required (340 words instead of 250) which means that it took you more time to write and less time to check your work.

30. Internet when used as a source of information, has more drawbacks than advantages. To what extent do you agree with this statement?

Some people believe that internet access creates problems. There are several possible reasons why it can happen. First, some data may be unverifiable. For example, everytime they search for a data, there would be lots of choices that would appear on the screen. They would not be sure if the data they are reading has accurate information. Some sources have even outdated informations. Second, some sites may be unreliable. For instance, people sign up on one site that sells goods using online purchases. The goods would be paid for by credit card but the purchaser would not receive anything. And finally, not everything is available through the net. When my friend had tried to research for some pictures of 18th century paintings, he did not find any results. Then he was told by his teacher that it would only be available in the library. Others believe that internet is very useful and these are the justifications. First, it is hard to get data, that is available in the net by other means. For example, if directory information could not give me the accurate address and contact number of the place I want to visit, I normally check that information from the Internet. In just one click, I would get all the details of that certain company. Second, research becomes more comprehensive. For instance, I do not have to buy lots of reading materials to complete my research. Most of the needed information can be found if I have Internet access. And finally, data is easily compared and contrasted. I remember, my cousin researched the study about overweight children a decade ago and at present. He was able to finish his research in just one day, as compared to week if he would not use the Internet. In conclusion, let me reiterate that the Internet plays a big role in our life, because it makes data retrieval and comparison easier.

It?s a good essay, the arguments are clear, the language and the grammar are also good. Structure needs to be improved little bit – make paragraphs smaller, re-divide so there would be 5 paragraphs instead of 4. In case it is argument essay ? give your opinion in the conclusion only. In case of opinion essay ? give your opinion in the introduction

31. Some people say that the Internet is making the world smaller by bringing people together. To what extent do you agree that the internet is making it easier for people to communicate with one another?

In today world _ due to the advancement of technology new inventions are coming into existence. It is a certainty that ?necessity is a mother of invention?. _ Internet is just like a wonder box, which contains every type of information. Besides it has also proved as a very important tool to connect people with each other. In today?s modernized era nobody has sufficient time to write letters to their loved ones. Moreover it also takes longer to send or receive any information. But through an internet it is an easiest way to send massages to our loved ones. Either it can be in the form of an e- mail or by text messages from internet to cell phones. We can send and receive messages straight way. In other hand today?s youth generation mostly prefer to do chatting on () internet. Through this chatting we can write messages and straight way can get their reply. Moreover voice chatting is going to be very popular day-by-day. As it is a reality that advantages and disadvantages are like both sides of a coin, which usually runs parallel. So like other things internet also have some downsides, like people are facing some health problems for example, poor eye-sight, back ache, migrane. Today?s teenagers usually prefer to spend their time on internet rather than to participating in other physical activities, so that?s why they are going to be weaker in their physical health. To conclude, I would like to say that internet is one of the most modernized and most successful tools, not only for communication, even to get most relevant information regarding every field in a very short period of time. This is a great essay, well done! Remember ?the Internet? is a proper noun, currently, there is only one. Pay attention to your punctuation – many commas are missing after linking words. Otherwise, the essay is well argued and set out.

32. We have been living in the nuelear age now for over half a century. Since the first atomic bombs were developed, nuclear technology has provided governments with the ability to totally destroy the planet. Yet the technology has been put to positive use as an energy source and in certain areas of medicine. To what extent is nuclear technology a danger to life on Earth? What are the benefits and risks associated with its use?

These days, many people are afraid of nuclear technology because of the dangers associated with its use. In my opinion, although it is true that nuclear weapons pose the greatest threat to life, the use of nuclear technology for peaceful purposes also carries some serious risks. Nuclear power stations provide an important source of cheap power for many industrialised nations and some developing countries. However, there is always the danger of radiation leaking from these plants. Even though safety precautions are taken, there have been numerous disasters such as the explosion of a nuclear plant in Russia not long ago. Nuclear technology is even used to help cure some diseases such as cancer. Radiation can be applied to the body to burn away cancerous cells. This is, however, a dangerous procedure, and the application of radiation is almost always painful and not always successful. The most worrying aspect of nuclear technology, though, is its use for military purposes. Enough atomic bombs have already been built to completely destroy the planet, and the real danger is that one day some country will start a war with these weapons. Too many countries now have the technology required to make such bombs, and there is currently much debate about how to control the situation. In conclusion, nuclear technology certainly has positive uses, but is, nonetheless, dangerous. However, it would have been better if it had never been used to create nuclear weapons. If life on Earth is to continue.

33. ‘Telecommuting’ refers to workers doing their jobs from home for part of each week and communicating with their office using computer technology. Telecommuting is growing in many countries and is expected to be common for most office workers in the coming decades. How do you think society will be affected by the growth of telecommuting?

The spread of telecommuting is sure to have far-reaching effects on society. By itself, telecommuting refers to offiice workers spending much of their time working from home and using electronic technologies to communicate with their employers. The broader implications of telecommuting, however, may involve changes to corporate structure, workers’ lifestyles and even urban planning. The most obvious changes may be apparent in the `normal’ offices of companies, governments and other organisations. If even half the working week is spent telecommuting from home, then we would initially expect many empty desks in the offiice. As offices grow smaller, workers coming in for the day would be expected to share desks with their absent colleagues. This, in turn, may affect the social atmosphere of an organisation, however, as less social contact with one’s colleagues could harm morale and loyalty. For the individual office worker, telecommuting would mean spending more time at home. For a parent with young children, this may be a blessing. Moreover, many telecommuters would be able to work the hours they wished: having a nap in the afternrnoon, for example, but working some hours in the evening. One substantial benefit for all telecommuting workers is that there will be no need to travel to work, allowing more free time.

The structure of urban life is also likely to be affected by telecommuting. We would expect to see fewer cars on the road during peak hours and, eventually, a smaller concentration of offiices in cities’ central business districts. In short, people will have less reason to travel to city centres from outlying areas. As more people work and live in the same location, shops and cultural events will likely relocate themselves out of the city centre. In sum, telecommuting will serve not only to change the way we work but also the way we live.

34. Telecommuting: will it change the world?

Telecommuting will have major effects in the worlds of work and family life. However, its biggest effect will be in the area of individual freedom, responsibility, and time management. Work and workplaces will alter dramatically. Offices may become smaller, as fewer desks are needed. There will be greater need for high-bandwidth connections to link the office and the home, and even homes to other homes, as other employees and supervisors also begin working at home. Hours spent commuting, traffic jams, and fights for parking should diminish, as workers make fewer journeys or work staggered hours. Family life will also change. Workers, both husbands and wives, can arrange their work around family commitments such as taking children to school, cooking, leisure activities, etc. However, households will also have to set aside areas for work – particularly if both spouses are telecommuting. However, although the ideas of more time at home and less time traveling are attractive, there are some drawbacks to telecommuting. People may feel unable to escape their work, and may even work longer or more unsocial hours. The quality of work may suffer because of the reduced face-to-face interaction with other employees. There may be delays if other workers are not immediately available. Telecommuters may feel isolated or unmotivated, or insecure about decisions. A major change will be in the way people think about work as a place or an institution. Instead, they will focus on the task or product. Workers may feel less loyal to a company and more inclined to change jobs or work part- time or on contract. In conclusion, the effects are difficult to predict because they depend on the extent to which telecommuting becomes popular. However, telecommuting could be the start of a major societal shift, possibly as big as the Industrial Revolution which created our present ideas of w

35. With the increasing popularity of computers and calculators, student literacy is decreasing dramatically. What are the positive and negative effects the progress of science and technology has brought about?

It has been widely noted that, with the growing use of computers and calculators both in the classroom and in the home, the level of literacy and mathematical ability of students is dropping. This raises serious doubts about the value of the progress of science and technology. Here I will discuss the pros and cons of this question. First of all, advances in science and technology have certainly brought about many benefits for mankind. They have made our lives more comfortable and healthier. In addition, they have eased the burden of work for most people and provided them with more leisure opportunities, while at the same time increasing productivity dramatically. Nevertheless, it cannot be denied that technology has some negative side-effects. As mentioned above, with computers which check spelling, grammar and calculation for them, students have little incentive to learn how to do these things for themselves. Also, the availability of TV programs and videos encourages an unhealthy, sedentary lifestyle. Another aspect of this issue is that technology may be good or bad, depending on how we use it. For instance, dynamite may be used to make road construction easier, or it may be used to kill people. Again, nuclear reactors can supply huge amounts of cheap electricity, but if they are carelessly handled they can cause devastating pollution. We can conclude that the progress of science and technology has both positive and negative effects. What we must do is to make sure that the positive ones are encouraged and the negative ones are eliminated as far as possible. Among other things, this means that students are warned not to let computers and calculators do all their work for them.

36. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of three of the following as media for communicating information. State which you consider to be the most effective.

• Comics , books , radio , television , film , theatre

In our daily life, we always communicate information through the media, such as television, radio, film, These media have different advantages and disadvantages for us. Now, I am going to compare the advantages and disadvantages of books, television and film. Books bring us different knowledge. It bases on what Book we read. A famous Chinese traditional verse which described books is a treasure. We can find a golden house in there. Moreover, when we want to read it, we can find it easily, such as bookstore, library. We can also learn a lot of words from books. And it can improve our reading and writing skills. However, books always are not attractive for children or youngster. It is because books are quite boring. A lot of words and less pictures inside the books, compare to television, television has pictures and sound, we don’t have to read a lot of words in television. But some artist in television programme or film, bring a bad image to us. Then some children or youngers will imitate their behaviour. Some film also bring a wrong message to us, For example, they are always smoking in films. It seems that smoking is good and smart. It caused many youngers imitate them smoking. In conclusion, bookds, television and film have many advantages and disadvantages. I cannot write all in here. And we have choose the media carefully. (231 words)

37. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

The invention of television is undoubtedly one of humankind’s greatest inventions. It is a way of communication among people of one country and different countries and nations. People watch TV to find out about the latest news, weather, sports, etc. It is a great way to learn new and extend one’s range of interests. Scientists say that children spend the same amount of hours in front of TV as they do in school. I think that this can be said about many grown people too. Also, television is a great means of eliminating stress and tension. One can relax and leave one’s troubles behind lying on one’s favorite sofa and watching a comedy. However, some people believe that television has destroyed communication among friends and family. Personally, I do not agree with this statement. A couple centuries ago people spent their time gambling, reading, gossiping or playing chess. I do not think that television is a cause of destroyed communication among family members and friends. First of all, if members of a family have common interests and they want to make each other happy they will always find many ways to spend their time together and be close. Otherwise, if people avoid each other and they do not have anything to share with each other they will find television a great way to escape from this miserable existence. I believe that many people chose family and their friends over some soap operas or a movie. Second of all, I think that television can be a great resource of subjects to discuss. Many people watch different educational programs to find out more about their environment, nature, wild life animals, economic situations, etc. So, when they gather with their friends they discuss important issues and arque with each other in looking for the truth. My husband and I often watch the news channel to keep abreast of the latest news. After that we always discuss some issues we concerned about. Also, we like to watch a TV show “the funniest animals”. We like this program because it makes us laugh. I can not imagine how these programs can prevent our communication and be harmful to our relations. To summarize, I would like to add that if people want to communicate with each other they will find a way to do it. Otherwise, if television were not existent, people would find other escapes and reasons not to be with each other such as drugs, gambling, etc. (413 words)

38. News editors decide what to broadcast on television and what to print in newspapers. What factors do you think influence these decisions? Do we become used to bad news? Would it he better if more good news was reported?

It has often been said that. Good news is bad news. because it does not sell newspapers. A radio station that once decided to present only good news soon found that it had gone out of business for lack of listeners. Bad news on the other hand is so common that in order to cope with it, we often simply ignore it. We have become immune to bad news and the newspapers and radio stations are aware of this. While newspapers and TV stations may aim to report world events accurately, be they natural or human disasters, political events or the horrors of war, it is also true that their main objective is to sell newspapers and attract listeners and viewers to their stations. For this reason TV and radio stations attempt to reflect the flavour of their station by providing news broadcasts tailor-made to suit their listeners. preferences. Programmes specialising in pop music or TV soap operas focus more on local news, home issues and up-to-date traffic reports. The more serious stations and newspapers like to provide .so called. objective news reports with editorial comment aimed at analysing the situation. If it is true, then, that newspapers and TV stations are tailoring their news to their readers. and viewers. requirements, how can they possibly be reporting real world events in an honest and objective light? Many radio and TV stations do, in fact, report items of good news but they no longer call this news. They refer to these as human interest stories and package them in programmes specialising, for instance, in consumer affairs or local issues. Good news now comes to us in the form of documentaries the fight against children.s cancer or AIDS, or the latest developments in the fight to save the planet from environmental pollution.

39. Many people believe that television programs are of no value for children. Do you agree? Why or why not? Provide reasons and examples to support your response.

Televisual media has become a pervasive force in the lives of families around the world today. Yet, a central question remains regarding whether watching television is harmful or beneficial for children. An analysis of this question reveals that television programs present three major concerns in the case of children, including depictions of violence, the use of profane language, and the representation of poor moral role models. Television programs that portray violence are a paramount concern for parents nowadays. Recent research has shown that children may commit acts of violence because they wish to emulate the behavior that they see on television. This is especially true when violent acts are committed by well-known action “heroes.” In addition, television programs show cartoon figures, as well as actors, committing violent acts. Using comic situations to depict violent themes causes further problems with the way in which young people view violence. Television programs that contain profane or disrespectful language also worry parents with young children. Because censorship laws have relaxed over the past few decades, it has become very common for television programs of each and every kind to show characters expressing impolite, rude, and insulting utterances to one another. Bearing resemblance to the case of portrayals of violence, children unfortunately often try to imitate these actions they watch on their television screens. Finally, some parents are upset about the moral behavior depicted on television. As they struggle to teach their children moral and ethical values, parents might despair about the lack of morals and ethics represented in some of the so-called role models on television. For instance, certain characters not only have no remorse for their immoral actions, but also frequently go unpunished by larger society. Because of these factors, many parents believe that television programs send their youth the wrong kinds of messages. The emulation of this poor behavior by their children is something they wish to avoid at all costs, and they have accordingly decided to ban television in their households for these reason

40. Television has had a significant influence on the culture of many societies. To what extent would you say that television has positively or negatively affected the cultural development of your society?

It has been around forty years since television was first introduced into Australian households and people today still have mixed views on whether it has a positive or a negative influence on the society. Many people believe that television damages culture. It promotes the stronger cultures of countries such as Britain and North America and weakens the cultures of less wealthy countries. This is because the stronger, wealthier countries are able to assert their own culture by producing more programs that are shown widely around the world. These programs then influence people, particularly young people, in the countries where they are shown.

Also, because television networks need to attract large audiences to secure their financial survival, they must produce programs which are interesting to a broad range of people. In Australia this range is very broad because we are a multicultural society and people of all ages like to watch television. To interest all these different people, most television programs are short in length, full of action and excitement, do not require much intelligence or knowledge to understand, and follow universal themes common to all cultures, such as love and crime. Television programs which concentrate on or develop themes pertinent to one particular culture are not so successful because they interest a smaller audience. Nevertheless we much acknowledge that television does have some positive effects on the cultures within a society as well. People who do not live within their own culture can, in a limited way, access it through the multicultural station on the television. For example, Aboriginal children who have grown up in white families, or migrants and international students living in Australia, can watch programs from their own culture on the television. In conclusion, I hold the view that television promotes and strengthens those cultures that are wealthy and influential while it weakens the cultures that are already in a weakened position.

41. The mass media, including television, radio and newspapers, have great influence in shaping people’s ideas. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

The mass media have a powerful influence in shaping our lives. We have come to depend on them for information and entertainment, and in doing so we let them affect important aspects of our lives. The undeniable usefulness of the media in almost instantly providing information about events around the world is largely taken for granted. But in our dependence on the media we have allowed them to mould our notions and opinions of events, places and people. Though few of us probably think about it, our conceptions of, say, our elected officials spring from television images and newspaper stories. Most of us will never meet prime ministers or presidents, but anyone who is regularly exposed to the media will have an opinion of them. When it is time to cast our vote, we will make our decision based on how the media portray the candidates. We are similarly swayed by coverage of wars. The media, representing the values of their owners, societies and governments, tend to report wars with a bias; which is the ‘good’ side and which the ‘bad’ is determined for us by reporters, editors and commentators, and sure enough the public begins to form opinions that reflect the coverage they see, hear and read in the major media. The media are also influential in the way they facilitate the spread of culture and lifestyle. The so-called ‘global youth culture’, in which one finds young people around the world displaying a common interest in music, clothing styles and films, is an example of the media’s enormous sway in this regard. A popular figure such as Michael Jackson would never be so well known were it not for the media’s extensive reach into every society on the globe. Thus I would argue that the mass media’s influence is certainly great. Indeed, with technological advancements such as the Internet bringing even more forms of electronic media to our homes and workplaces, it is likely the media’s influence will grow even stronger

42. Advertising is all around us, it is an unavoidable part of everyone?s life. Some people say that advertising is a positive part of our lives while others say it is negative. Discuss both views and give your own opinion. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. You should write at least 250 words.

Many people wonder about advertisement. Some people think that it has negative impact in our life. However, others said it has been playing as positive effect in this world. This is not an easy essay to be answered, but I will look at this issue. Why advertisement has been playing a negative effect in our life ? Of Course for several reasons: firstly, it motivates the psychological point in every body especially women. They will run to buy this advertised product especially if it’s from cosmetic roof, just to show their beauty to men, which will leads to more offender and raped cases. Secondly, you can sit comfortably with your family and suddenly the telephone is ringing, nothing important, rather than one of the companies try to convince you to buy one of their products. It is a real intrusive example of advertisement. Lastly, sometimes you do not have the financial ability to buy something, but with these new methods of advertisement, you will run to buy it, which will affect your budget. On the other hand, there are some good things. Such as, it compares the prices of the most of companies which benefit the consumer. Beside, it really opens our vision to see more products which we do not knowit unless TV and Radio show these things. In addition to, it cut down our daily routine to see new faces and know more language with daily update for their method of advertisement. In conclusion, as we can see there are many aspects to this essay. I feel that there is no benefit at all from advertisement, it plays on minds of people buy more thing that they do not need it at all.

43. When people need to complain about a product or poor service, some prefer to complain in writing and others prefer to complain in person. Which way do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

It is rather difficult for me to answer the question how I prefer to complain: in writing or in person because sometimes I just do not have a choice. For example, if I order a product using the Internet from another state or even country, I will more likely have the opportunity to speak to a representative of a company in person. So, in some cases I choose to speak in person and in others I prefer to complain in writing. However, I believe that every option has its advantages. From the one side, complaining in writing brings many benefits. First of all, one does not have to spend his precious time driving, waiting for his turn and talking with a representative. He can just send mail or e-mail and get all explanation he needs. Second of all, I think it is the best way to avoid an unpleasant conversation. Personally, I do not like to complain about anything especially, in person. Finally, sometimes it is impossible to have a face-to-face conversation because a company which provided a poor product or service is too far away. From the other side, complaining in person has some benefits too. First, this type of complaining provides an immediate feedback. So, if I have some complains about company’s products I will receive all information and explanation right away. However, sending a company a letter and getting a feedback can take more then a month. Second, face-to-face conversation is often more effective. People talk to each other, see each other facial gestures and body movements, which can tell a lot about a person. In addition to these practical benefits, in the case if one can not receive creditable explanation from one representative he always can require to talk to another person. For instance, my husband recently had some extra withdraws from his account by his bank and he was not aware of it. So, he went to the bank and explained to the bank’s representative the situation and they together found the solution and that money was given back to my husband’s account. I think, in this case face-to-face conversation is the best way to complain and get feedback fast. In conclusion, I think that if I have to complain about a product or poor service I will do it in person. However, if face-to-face conversation is impossible I think I have nothing left but to send a letter or write an e-mail there. (409 words)

44. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Advertising can tell you a lot about a country. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Every country has its own culture and traditions. There is no doubt that an advertising campaign conducted in Russia will not have the same affect here in the United States. Let us take for example advertisement of food and restaurants. A huge amount of fast food stands suggest their services for breakfast, lunch, dinner and supper here in Houston. The competition is very strong. Every week you get in your mail- box an envelope with different types of discounts in exchange for visiting them or ordering pizza. Watching TV you are also from time to time invited to visit a restaurant in order to taste some delicious food. It is not because it is easy to make money cooking but because the demand for such service is high. First of all, people like to go out sometimes to have dinner with friends. Second of all, it is often impossible to drive home for lunch. It can be time consuming. As for Russia, it is a great tradition to have dinner at home with the family and go to the restaurant for big holidays. Additionally fast food is not popular in Russia. So you will see advertisements of yogurts, coffee, dairy products and juice instead of restaurants and fast food stands. In conclusion I would like to add that in order to succeed in advertising campaign especially on the international market company must know traditions, language and history of the country.

45. Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things we really do not need. Others say that advertisements tell us about new products that may improve our lives. Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

I think that everyone can divide all advertising products and services into useless ones and useful ones. It is like looking through an information desk when you pay attention to those messages that interest you. Take me for example. I do not like jewelry. It does not mean I do not have it at all, I have a couple of inexpensive rings as gifts from my parents. I just think, people pay too much attention to this stuff. I believe it is the result of mass advertising. Every day when I am watching TV, listening to the radio or reading the paper I notice many ads about getting an expensive ring, chain, necklace or ear-rings. From my point of view these kinds of advertising contaminate people’s minds. In this case you are encouraged to buy things you do not really need. They make you believe you need such products in order to succeed or be happy. From the other side, I think that advertisements of the new detergents with up-to-date formulas to help you maintain your cloth in perfect conditions, the new cars with some extra futures that make your traveling more comfortable and sports goods that make your life healthier may help you to improve your life. Recently my husband and I saw an ad on the Internet about a very interesting and inexpensive vocation to Japan for a week. Is not it awesome? We like traveling. So now we are planning to find out more about it and, may be, make reservations. I believe that without advertisements we would be unaware about plenty of oppotunities that may make your life happier, easier and less stressful. My point is that every person has his own scale of values. So if he is vegetarian he will consider an ad about meat products useless for him. (305 words)

46. Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things that we really do not need. Others say that advertisements tell us about new products that may improve our lives. Which viewpoint do you agree with?

The purpose of advertising is to tell the consumer about any new product or service or any new promotion on the existing product and service. We need it so we can make good decisions when we go shopping. Advertising tells us when new and improved products become available and lets us know which ones have the best price. Through advertising we learn about new products. For example, many grocery stores now sell prepackaged lunches. These are very convenient for busy parents. They can give these lunches to their children to take to school. Busy parents don’t have time to look at every item on the store shelf, so without advertising they might not know about such a convenient new product.

Even products we are familiar with may be improved, and advertising lets us know about this. Most people use cell phones, but new types of cell phone service become available all the time. There are different plans that give you more hours to talk on the phone, you can send text messages and photos, and next week probably some even newer type of service will be available. By watching advertisements on TV it is easy to find out about new improvements to all kinds of products. Advertisements keep us informed about prices. Prices change all the time, but everyone can look at the ads in the newspaper and see what the latest prices are. Advertisements also inform us about sales. In fact, some people buy the newspaper only in order to check the prices and plan their weekly shopping. Advertisements improve our lives by keeping us informed about the latest products developments and the best prices. Advertisements serve a useful purpose. (281 words)

47. In some countries children have very strict rules of behaviour, in other countries they are allowed to do almost anything they want. To what extent should children have to follow rules?

Freedom plays a mandatory role in everybody?s life. We can see in today?s modernized era nobody likes to get some restrictions upon them, whether it would be a child or an adult. Some people think that there should have some strict rules of behaviour for children, but I disagree with this statement. Wherever it is a reality that sometimes more restrictions can cause more frustration in children, which leads to many other mental diseases as well. Morever they can be, behave like a stubborn. Sometimes they feel themselves under pressure, which can be a main reason for their poor performance in their field. In some cases children would be crazier to do these things from where we?ll try to keep them away. In other words _ we have to look for other aspects as well, like if we usually ignore our children?s bad habits, then they can?t be good human beings in their future life. Moreover_ if we never draw attention upon the children?s main activities then they may be acquiring bad company. They can know regarding the value of respect for their elders. They can know the importance of relationships. They can know regarding their cultural values as well. In a nutshell, I would like to say that children should be teach regarding the value of their customs, rituals and respect towards their elders for their future life, but most of the extra restriction should be being avoided. It would be better to make them good human beings in their coming future. A good essay, set out well. Some sentences are too short and could be combined together to create more complex structure. There are also some repetitions of the same words, that should be avoided. Overall, nicely done.

48. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Parents shape their children from the beginning of their children’s lives. They teach their children values. They share their interests with them. They develop close emotional ties with them. Parents can be very important teachers in their children’s lives; however, they are not always the best teachers. Parents may be too close to their children emotionally. For example, they may limit a child’s freedom in the name of safety. A teacher may organize an educational trip to a big city, but a parent may think this trip is too dangerous. A school may want to take the children camping, but a parent may be afraid of the child getting hurt.

Another problem is that parents sometimes expect their children’s interests to be similar to their own. If the parents love science, they may try to force their child to love science too. But what if the child prefers art? If the parents enjoy sports, they may expect their child to participate on different teams. But what if the child prefers to read? Parents want to pass on their values to their children. However, things change. The children of today are growing up in a world different from their parents’ world. Sometimes parents, especially older ones, can’t keep up with rapid social or technological changes. A student who has friends of different races at school may find that his parents have narrower views. A student who loves computers may find that her parents don’t understand or value the digital revolution. Parents are important teachers in our lives, but they aren’t always the best teachers. Fortunately, we have many teachers in our lives. Our parents teach us, our teachers teach us, and we learn from our peers. Books and newspapers also teach us. All of them are valuable.

49. The number of overweight children in developed countries is increasing. Some people think this is due to problems such as the growing number of fast food outlets. Others believe that parents are to blame for not looking after their children’s health. To what extent do you agree with these views?

There is plenty of evidence to suggest that children are overweight and the situation is getting worse, according to the medical experts. I feel there are a number of reasons for this. Some people blame the fact that we are surrounded by shops selling unhealthy, fatty foods such as chips and fried chicken, at low prices. This has created a whole generation of adults who have never cooked a meal for themselves. If there were fewer of these restaurants, then children would not be tempted to buy take-away food. There is another argument that blames the parents for allowing their children to become overweight. I tend to agree with this view, because good eating habits begin early in life, long before children start to visit fast food outlets. If children are given chips and chocolate rather than nourishing food, or are always allowed to choose what they eat, they will go for the sweet and salty foods every time, and this will carry on throughout their lives. There is a third factor, however, which contributes to the situation. Children these days take very little exercise. They do not walk to school. When they get home, they sit in front of the television or their computers and play video games. Not only is this an unhealthy pastime, it also gives them time to eat more junk food. What they need is to go outside and play active games or sport. The two views discussed play an equal role in contributing to the problem, but I think we have to encourage young people to be more active, as well as steering them away from fast food outlets and bad eating habits. We need to have a balanced approach.

50. In many countries today, the eating habits and lifestyle of children are different from those of previous generations. Some people say this has had a negative effect on their health. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

It has recently been suggested that the way children eat and live nowadays has led to a deterioration in their health. I entirely agree with this view, and believe that this alarming situation has come about for several reasons. To begin with, there is the worrying increase in the amount of processed food that children are eating at home, with little or none of the fresh fruit and vegetables that earlier generations ate every day. Secondly, more and more young people are choosing to eat in fast-food restaurants, which may be harmless occasionally, but not every day. What they eat there is extremely high in fat, salt and sugar, all of which can be damaging to their health. There is also a disturbing decline in the amount of exercise they get. Schools have become obsessed with exams, with the shocking result that some pupils now do no sports at all. To make matters worse, few even get any exercise on the way to and from school, as most of them go in their parents’ cars rather than walk or cycle. Finally, children are spending far more time at home, playing computer games, watching TV or surfing the Internet. They no longer play outside with friends or take part in challenging outdoor activities. To sum up, although none of these changes could, on its own, have caused widespread harm to children’s health, there can be little doubt that all of them together have had a devastating effect. This, in my opinion, can only be reversed by encouraging children to return to move traditional ways of eating and living.

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