Related Essay

  • Effects of Technology
  • UPSC Final Results 2019 New
  • UPSC Mains Results 2022 [ New ]
  • Free CSAT Practice Test
  • Practice Prelims Test Series 2024 [ New ]
  • UPSC Videos
  • Daily UPSC Current Affairs Quiz [ Free ]
  • UPSC Results
  • Prelims Question Papers
  • Prelims Marks Distribution
  • General Studies Notes [ Free ]
  • Current Affairs
  • UPSC Prelims Syllabus
  • UPSC Mains Syllabus
  • UPSC Jobs List
  • UPSC Subjects
  • UPSC Age Limit
  • IAS Full form
  • Free UPSC Material
  • IAS Exam Book
  • How to prepare for prelims 2023
  • How to prepare for CSAT
  • UPSC Study Material
  • UPSC Interview Questions
  • UPSC IAS Exam Questions
  • Economic Survey 2020-21 Download
  • Union Budget 2020-21 Download
  • National Education Policy 2020 Download
  • Daily UPSC Current Affairs Quiz
  • Union Budget 2022-23  

Civil Service Essay Contest Jan - Feb 2024

  • What is the profile of the first time voters in 2014 and what are their priorities and what should be their priorities in choosing a new government.
  • Relevance of Valentine's day in India. Discuss.

Civil Service Essay Contest (December 2023)

  • Is the caste barrier breaking due to increased love marriages in India? Views : 742
  • Is the caste barrier breaking due to increased love marriages in India? Views : 1336

essay on technology upsc

Current Affairs Analysis

Upsc civil service examination 2024 notification to be out on february 14, check details.

Views : 385

Tsunamis are here to stay as it hits Japan

Views : 2539

Floods and the Monsoon in India

Views : 2476

Use of AI in the field of meteorological research

Views : 815

Update on National TB Elimination Programme

Views : 3663

Goa Liberation Day

Views : 3449

essay on technology upsc

About Civil Service India

Civil Service India is a website dedicated to the Civil Services Exam conducted by UPSC. It guides you through the entire gambit of the IAS exam starting with notification, eligibility, syllabus, tips, quiz, notes and current affairs. A team of dedicated professionals are at work to help you!

Stay updated with Us

Phone : +91 96000 32187 / +91 94456 88445

Email : [email protected]

Apps for Civil Services Preparation

essay on technology upsc

Call us @ 08069405205

essay on technology upsc

Search Here

essay on technology upsc

  • An Introduction to the CSE Exam
  • Personality Test
  • Annual Calendar by UPSC-2024
  • Common Myths about the Exam
  • About Insights IAS
  • Our Mission, Vision & Values
  • Director's Desk
  • Meet Our Team
  • Our Branches
  • Careers at Insights IAS
  • Daily Current Affairs+PIB Summary
  • Insights into Editorials
  • Insta Revision Modules for Prelims
  • Current Affairs Quiz
  • Static Quiz
  • Current Affairs RTM
  • Insta-DART(CSAT)
  • Insta 75 Days Revision Tests for Prelims 2023
  • Secure (Mains Answer writing)
  • Secure Synopsis
  • Ethics Case Studies
  • Insta Ethics
  • Weekly Essay Challenge
  • Insta Revision Modules-Mains
  • Insta 75 Days Revision Tests for Mains
  • Secure (Archive)
  • Anthropology
  • Law Optional
  • Kannada Literature
  • Public Administration
  • English Literature
  • Medical Science
  • Mathematics
  • Commerce & Accountancy
  • Monthly Magazine: CURRENT AFFAIRS 30
  • Content for Mains Enrichment (CME)
  • InstaMaps: Important Places in News
  • Weekly CA Magazine
  • The PRIME Magazine
  • Insta Revision Modules-Prelims
  • Insta-DART(CSAT) Quiz
  • Insta 75 days Revision Tests for Prelims 2022
  • Insights SECURE(Mains Answer Writing)
  • Interview Transcripts
  • Previous Years' Question Papers-Prelims
  • Answer Keys for Prelims PYQs
  • Solve Prelims PYQs
  • Previous Years' Question Papers-Mains
  • UPSC CSE Syllabus
  • Toppers from Insights IAS
  • Testimonials
  • Felicitation
  • UPSC Results
  • Indian Heritage & Culture
  • Ancient Indian History
  • Medieval Indian History
  • Modern Indian History
  • World History
  • World Geography
  • Indian Geography
  • Indian Society
  • Social Justice
  • International Relations
  • Agriculture
  • Environment & Ecology
  • Disaster Management
  • Science & Technology
  • Security Issues
  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude


  • Indian Heritage & Culture
  • Enivornment & Ecology


Following are the topics on which our followers have written (and writing essays) every Sunday to hone their essay writing skills. The topics are chosen based on UPSC previous year topics. Writing one essay on each Sunday will help you get better marks in this paper.

ESSAY STRATEGY by Topper – Rank 1 CSE 2017

ESSAY STRATEGY by Topper – Rank 25 CSE 2015

ESSAY STRATEGY by Topper – Rank 40 CSE 2015

  • [VIDEO] How to Improve Marks in Essay and Ethics Papers?
  • [VIDEO] How to Write Philosophical Essays


  • February 11, 2024 : Whoever Controls the Media Controls the Mind
  • February 04, 2024 : A certain darkness is needed to see the stars
  • January 28, 2024 : Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it
  • January 21, 2024 : Subtle Is powerful
  • January 14, 2024 : The power of community to create health is far greater than any physician, clinic or hospital. 
  • January  07, 2024 : Give them Quality. That’s The Best Kind of Advertising
  • December 31, 2023 : The only antidote to mental suffering is physical pain
  • December 24, 2023 : All Great Changes Are Preceded By Chaos
  • December 17, 2023 : We are drowning in information, but starved for Knowledge
  • December 10, 2023 : Violence Is the last resort of the incompetent
  • December 03, 2023 : Be a Voice, Not an Echo
  • November 26, 2023 : A Society that has more justice is the society that needs less charity
  • November 19, 2023 : Sell Your Cleverness and Buy Bewilderment
  • November 12, 2023 : love takes off the masks that we fear we cannot live without and know we cannot live within
  • November 5, 2023 : Clothes Make The Man
  • October 29, 2023 : Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.
  • October 22, 2023 : Mathematics is the music of reason
  • October 15, 2023 : Girls are weighed down by restrictions, boys with demands – two equally harmful disciplines
  • October 08, 2023 : Inspiration for creativity springs from the effort to look for the magical in the mundane.
  • October 01, 2023 : Not All Who Wander Are Lost
  • September 24, 2023 : Visionary Decision-Making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic
  • September 17, 2023 : Thinking Is Like A game. It does not begin unless there is an opposition team.
  • September 10, 2023 : Unless we have well-educated people, we are vulnerable on National Security
  • September 03, 2023 : Harsh Laws are, at times, better than No laws
  • August 27, 2023 : Nations Do Not Die From Invasion. They Die From Internal Rottenness
  • August 20, 2023 : In Individuals, insanity is rare; In groups, parties and nations, it is the rule.
  • August 13, 2023 : Economics Is Too Important To Leave To The Economists.
  • August 06, 2023 : A self without a book-shelf is naked.
  • July 30, 2023 : Wrong Choices Lead To Right Places
  • July 23, 2023 : Credit where credit is due.
  • July 16, 2023 : A right is not what someone gives you; it’s what no one can take away from you.
  • July 9, 2023 : The measure of intelligence is the ability to change
  • July 2, 2023 : Do what you can, with what you have, where you are. 
  • June 25, 2023 : In the long run , the sword will always be conquered by the spirit
  • June 18, 2023 : The company you keep determines your Success
  • June 11, 2023 : A disciplined mind brings happiness.
  • June 4, 2023 : Our moral responsibility is not to stop the future but to shape it
  • May 28, 2023 : Action breeds confidence and courage
  • May 21, 2023 : A library is a hospital for the mind
  • May 14, 2023 : Self-Education is Life-Long Curiosity
  • May 7, 2023 : Silence is Spurious Golden
  • April 30, 2023 : The price of greatness is responsibility
  • April 23, 2023 : Progress is impossible without change
  • April 16, 2023 : The Impact of Artificial Intelligence.
  • April 9, 2023 : People would rather believe than know.
  • April  2, 2023 : Prioritizing education technology for global growth
  • March 26, 2023 : Technology is a weapon against poverty
  • March 19, 2023 : Every choice you make makes you
  • March 12, 2023 : Patience is a virture ; virtue is a grace
  • March 5, 2023 : Before any fight, it is the fight of mind
  • February 26, 2023 :  The Measure of a man is what he does with Power.
  • February 19, 2023 : When you kill time, you kill life.
  • February 12, 2023 : Delayed success mostly stays forever.
  • February 05, 2023 : The wound is the place where the Light enters you.
  • January 29, 2023 : Doubt is an uncomfortable condition, but certainty is a ridiculous one.
  • January 22, 2023 : I am what I am, so take me as I am
  • January 15, 2023 : Real learning comes about when the competitive spirit has ceased
  • January 08, 2023 : Time hurts but it also heals. It punishes but it rewards too- it is the greatest teacher ever for a human.
  • January 01, 2023 : The Beginning is the End and the End is The Beginning.


  • December 25, 2022 : To tolerate is purely an act of mind
  • December 18, 2022 : The arc of moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice
  • December 11, 2022 : Religion is a culture of faith; Science is a culture of doubt.
  • December 04, 2022 : My best friend is a person who will give me a book I have not read
  • November 27, 2022 : Everything comes to him who hustles while he waits
  • November 20, 2022 : We are always blind as we want to be
  • November 13, 2022  : By your stumbling, the world is perfected.
  • November 6, 2022 : You cannot step twice in the same river
  • October 30, 2022 : Just because you have a choice, it does not mean that any of them has to be right.
  • October 23, 2022 : A smile is the chosen vehicle for all ambiguities
  • October 16, 2022 : The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining
  • October 9, 2022 : A ship in harbour is safe, but that is not what ship is for
  • October 2, 2022 : History is a series of victories won by the scientific man over the romantic man
  • September 25, 2022 : Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world
  • September 18, 2022 : Forests are the best case studies for economic excellence
  • September 11, 2022 : Culture changes with economic development.
  • September 4 2022 : We don’t see things as they are, we see them as we are.
  • August 28 2022 :  The obstacle is the path.
  • August 21 2022 : What is to give light must endure burning.
  • August 14 2022 : “He who has never learned to obey cannot be a good commander.” Aristotle.
  • August 7 2022 : Any fool can know. The point is to understand.” Albert Einstein
  • July 31, 2022 : A bad conscience is easier to cope with than a bad reputation. Friedrich Nietzsche.
  • July 24, 2022 : Time is all we have and don’t
  • July 17, 2022 : Life fritters away when distractions become your lifestyle
  • July 10, 2022 : After every darkness comes the dawn July 10, 2022 : After every darkness comes the dawn
  • July 3, 2022 : Mind – a beautiful servant? Or a dangerous master?
  • June 26, 2022 : Education Breeds Peace
  • June 19, 2022 : A great leader is never angry
  • June 12, 2022 : That which hurts, instructs; That which instructs, creates; Creates Wonders!
  • June 05, 2022 : Don’t let what you cannot do interfere with what you can do
  • May 29, 2022 : The journey is a reward as well as destination
  • May 22, 2022 : Imagination creates reality
  • May 15, 2022 : The curious paradox is, only if we accept things as they are, things can change
  • May 08, 2022:  The whole problem with the world is that fools and fanatics are so certain of themselves, while wiser people are so full of doubts
  • May 01, 2022:  Loyalty To Country Always. Loyalty To Government Only When It Deserves
  • April 24, 2022: Successful Investing Is Anticipating The Anticipations of Others
  • April 17, 2022: Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear, not absence of fear
  • April 10, 2022 : Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn
  • April 03, 2022 : Forgiveness is the final form of love
  • March 27, 2022 : The world of reality has its limits; the world of imagination is boundless
  • March 20, 2022 : Reason has always existed, but not always in a reasonable form.
  • March 13, 2022 : Everything we hear is an opinion; not a fact
  • March 5, 2022 : There are better practices to “best practices”
  • February 27, 2022 : History repeats itself first as a tragedy second as a farce.
  • February 20, 2022 : What is research, but a blind date with knowledge!
  • February 13, 2022 : Hand that rocks the cradle rules the world
  • February 6, 2022 : The real is rational and the rational is real.
  • January 30, 2022 : Philosophy of Wantlessness Is Utopian, while the philosophy of materialism is chimera.
  • January 23, 2022 : Your perception of me is a reflection of you; my reaction to you is an awareness of me.
  • January 16, 2022 : The process of self-discovery has now been technologically outsourced.
  • January 09, 2022 : Knowing oneself is the beginning of all wisdom
  • January 02, 2022 : Biased Media Is A Real Threat To Indian Democracy


  • December 26, 2021 : What Gets Measured Gets Managed
  • December 19, 2021 : The enemy of stability is complacency
  • December 12, 2021 : A clear conscience fears no accusation
  • December 05, 2021 : Power of vested interests is vastly exaggerated compared with the gradual encroachment of ideas
  • November 28, 2021 : The whole is more than a sum of its parts
  • November 21, 2021 : Scientific and technological progress cannot be equated with the progress of humanity
  • November 14, 2021 : The price of our vitality is the sum of all our fears
  • November 7, 2021 : Lawlessness is the result of failure to cultivate a sense of self-evaluation
  • October 30, 2021 : What you do makes a difference, and you have to decide what kind of difference you want to make
  • October 24, 2021 : Science for the economic freedom of humanity
  • October 17, 2021 : An interdependent world cannot be an inequitable world
  • October 03, 2021 : Strength comes from an indomitable Will
  • SEPTEMBER 26, 2021 : Ethnocracy and concentration of power can derail even an affluent nation
  • SEPTEMBER 19, 2021 : Conservation is a state of harmony between men and land.
  • SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 : Culture of entitlement comes with unreasonable expectations and insecurities 
  • SEPTEMBER 5, 2021 : Literacy is a vital skill that enhances dignity, improves health outcomes, empowers people to access their rights and bolsters opportunities
  • AUGUST 29, 2021 : A parliamentary system of government rests on a functioning opposition as ‘no democracy can do without it’.
  • AUGUST 22, 2021 : Development must lead to dismantle all kinds of human unfreedom
  • AUGUST 15, 2021 : Sport is a reflection of larger social phenomena
  • AUGUST 8, 2021 : Every social stratum has its own Common Sense and its own good sense
  • AUGUST 1, 2021 : Capitalism without competition is not Capitalism. It is Exploitation.
  • JULY 25, 2021 : We don’t have to sacrifice a Strong Economy for a Healthy Environment
  • JULY 18,2021 : We Need not a social conscience, but a social consciousness.
  • JULY 11, 2021 : The cure for evils of democracy is more democracy.
  • JULY 04, 2021 : No Constitution by itself achieves perfect justice
  • JUNE 27, 2021 : Our world has achieved brilliance without conscience.
  • JUNE 20, 2021 : Our common humanity demands that we make the impossible possible.
  • JUNE 13, 2021 : Without courage we cannot practice any other virtue with consistency. We can’t be kind, true, merciful, generous, or honest.
  • JUNE 06, 2021 : The political problem of mankind is to combine three things: economic efficiency, social justice and individual liberty.
  • MAY 30, 2021 : Economics without ethics is a caricature & ethics without economics is a fairy tale.
  • MAY 23 , 2021 : Indecisiveness is the rival of Progression
  • MAY 16 , 2021 : Time changes everything except something within us which is always surprised by change.
  • May 09, 2021 : The possession of arbitrary power has always, the world over, tended irresistibly to destroy humane sensibility, magnanimity, and truth
  • May 02, 2021 : The truth of character is expressed through choice of act ions
  • April 25, 2021 : It is not our differences that divide us; It is our inability to recognise, accept, and celebrate those differences.
  • April 18, 2021 : Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.
  • April 11, 2021 : Solutions emerge if situations are not forced
  • April 04, 2021 : Morality is subservient to materialistic values in present times
  • March 28, 2021 : Prejudice is a burden that confuses the past, threatens the future and renders the present inaccessible
  • March 21, 2021 : Our major social problems are not the cause of our decadence but are a reflection of it
  • March 14, 2021 : The Future of Multilateralism : Towards a responsible Globalization
  • March 07, 2021 : Subtlety may deceive you; Integrity never will
  • February 28, 2021 :Technology as the silent factor in international relations
  • February 21, 2021 :Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality
  • February 14, 2021:There can be no social justice without economic prosperity but economic prosperity without social justice is meaningless
  • February 07, 2021: Culture is what we are civilization is what we have
  • January 31, 2021: Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication
  • January 24, 2021: Ships do not sink because of water around them , ships sink because of water that gets into them
  • January 17, 2021: Mindful manifesto is the catalyst to a tranquil self
  • January 10, 2021: Life is long journey between human being and being humane
  • January 03, 2021: The Covid pandemic has revealed the urgent need for effective governance everywhere”
  • December 27, 2020: Challenges of 21st Century – insurmountable?
  • December 20, 2020: Too much Democracy is Detrimental to Development
  • December 13, 2020: Happiness is not an ideal of reason, but of imagination.


  • December 06, 2020 : As you Start to walk on the way, the Way appears
  • November 29, 2020: Need of the Hour is to Maximise Possibilities of Agriculture in India
  • November 22, 2020: The survival of democracy depends on its ability to lower social uncertainty
  • November 15, 2020: There is no greatness where there is no simplicity
  • November 08, 2020: Inequality can be Reduced by the Power of the Market rather than the Government
  • November 01, 2020: Civil liberties are fundamental to the functioning of modern democracies
  • October 25, 2020: Artificial Intelligence is Not All Evil – It can Promote Social Good Too
  • October 18, 2020: Wherever law ends, tyranny begins
  • October 11, 2020:Hyper-globalism is threat to human prosperity
  • September 27, 2020: Our World is in a Surplus of Multilateral Challenges and a Deficit of Solutions
  • September 20, 2020: In India Agriculture and the Farmer are both the Victims of Narrow Political Vision
  • September 13, 2020: India Needs Aggressive and Pragmatic Neighbourhood Policy
  • September 6, 2020: “The greatest discovery of all time is that a person can change his future by merely changing his  attitude .
  • August 30, 2020: The worst form of inequality is to try to make unequal things equal
  • August 23, 2020: Justice will not be served until those who are unaffected are as outraged as those who are.
  • August 16, 2020: Life without liberty is like a body without spirit.
  • August 09, 2020: Strive not to be a success, but rather to be of value
  • August 02, 2020: New Education Policy 2020: A Progressive Policy with Diverse Challenges
  • July 26, 2020: In a democracy, the individual enjoys not only the ultimate power but carries the ultimate responsibility
  • July 19, 2020: Education is a progressive discovery of our own ignorance
  • July 12, 2020: The human spirit must prevail over technology
  • July 05, 2020: When the power of love overcomes the love of power the world will know peace.
  • June 28, 2020: Today India Needs ‘Harmony in Diversity’, Not Unity in Diversity.
  • June 21, 2020: A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.
  • June 14, 2020: Post Independence, the Issue of Land is at the Core of India’s Non-Achievement of Its Development Aspirations
  • June 7, 2020: Never Let a Good Crisis Go to Waste
  • May 31, 2020: Despite Challenges, To be a Healthy and Successful Nation, India must Ensure Universal Health Coverage 
  • May 24, 2020: Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man’s character, give him power.
  • May 17, 2020:The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little
  • May 10, 2020: Urban Exclusion of Migrant Workers in India is a Reality and Needs Urgent Robust Policy Measures
  • May 03, 2020: Uncertainty should ignite creativity, not depravity
  • April 26, 2020: The fool doth think he is wise but the wise man knows himself to be a fool
  • April 19, 2020: Social Harmony, not Social Distancing, is the final solution to all our problems
  • April 12, 2020: It is our choices, that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities
  • April 05, 2020: Education must also train one for quick, resolute and effective thinking
  • March 29, 2020: “Problems cannot be solved at the same level of awareness that created them”
  • March 22, 2020: In order to understand the world one has to turn away from it on occasion
  • March 15, 2020: Pandemics such as COVID-19, though Catastrophic, are in the end Meant to Reset Humanity and its Priorities
  • March 08, 2020: Those who have wisdom have all: Fools with all have nothing
  • March 01, 2020: Indifferentism is the worst kind of disease that can affect people.
  • [VIDEO] Perspectives on Essay Topic of Feb 23
  • February 23, 2020: To ease another’s heartache is to forget one’s own.
  • February 16, 2020 : When civil services does its job, people will not need social service
  • February 09, 2020 : The greatest threat to our planet is the belief that someone else will save it.
  • February 02, 2020: Ability will get you success, Character will keep you successful.
  • January 26, 2020: Media’s duty is to inform public, not manufacture opinion.
  • January 19, 2020: Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes
  • January 12, 2020 : Women who seek to be equal with men lack ambition
  • J anuary 5, 2020 : All war is a symptom of man’s failure as a thinking animal
  • December 29, 2019 : There cannot be daily democracy without daily citizenship
  • December 22, 2019: War is the ultimate Price we pay for lasting Peace
  • December 15, 2019 : Inclusivity and Plurality are the hallmarks of a peaceful society
  • December 08, 2019: Justice Loses Character if it becomes Revenge
  • December 01. 2019: Economic Growth and Development are Shaped by the Societies in which they Operate
  • November 24, 2019: Social Media is the Fourth Pillar of Democracy
  • November 17, 2019: Media is No More a Fourth Pillar of Democracy
  • November 10, 2019: Rise of Artificial Intelligence: the threat of jobless future or better job opportunities through reskilling and upskilling
  • November 03, 2019:Biased media is a real threat to Indian democracy
  • October 27, 2019: Neglect of primary health care and education in India are reasons for its backwardness
  • October 20, 2019: South Asian societies are woven not around the state, but around their plural cultures and plural identities
  • October 13, 2019: Courage to accept and dedication to improve are two keys to success
  • October 06, 2019: Best for an individual is not necessarily best for the society
  • September 29, 2019: Values are not what humanity is, but what humanity ought to be
  • September 22, 2019: Wisdom finds truth


  • September 15, 2019: Kashmir Problem – Historical Injustice or Misguided Geopolitics?
  • September 08, 2019: India’s Space Ambitions – Are they Welfarist?
  • September 01, 2019: India – $5 Trillion Economy: Dream or Reality?
  • August 25, 2019 Knowledge will give you power, but character respect.
  • August 18, 2019 The mind is everything. What you think you become.
  • August 11, 2019: Virtue is Knowledge
  • August 04, 2019: Inclusive governance begets Inclusive growth
  • July 28, 2019: India’s headache: Unemployment or Underemployment?
  • July 21, 2019: The road to science and spirituality are opposite, but we should tread both
  • July 14, 2019: India is a leading power, rather than just a balancing power
  • July 07, 2019: Should the world embrace democratic socialism or progressive capitalism?
  • June 30, 2019: Impact of Digital Revolution on Human Wellbeing
  • June 23, 20 19: Contentment is natural wealth, luxury is artificial poverty
  • June 16, 2019: The definition of happiness is the full use of your powers, along the lines of excellence.
  • June 09, 2019: Not Corruption, Communalism is the Greatest Threat India is facing Today
  • May 19, 2019: First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.
  • May 12, 2019: Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake
  • May 05, 2019: Happiness equals reality minus expectations
  • April 28, 2019: Political correctness is tyranny with manners
  • April 21, 2019: The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.
  • April 07, 2019: Dogma is the sacrifice of wisdom to consistency
  • March 31, 2019: The true measure of a man is how he treats someone who can do him absolutely no good.
  • March 24, 2019: Terrorism has No Religion
  • March 17, 2019: Money and Religion – Great Unifiers of Humankind?
  • March 10, 2019: Tradition becomes our security, and when the mind is secure it is in decay
  • March 03, 2019: Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower
  • February 24,2019: Knowledge speaks, but wisdom listens
  • February 17, 2019: Problems worthy of attack prove their worth by fighting back
  • February 10, 2019: Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.
  • February 03, 2019: You can avoid reality, but you cannot avoid the consequences of avoiding reality
  • January 27, 2019: Glory is fleeting, but obscurity is forever
  • January 20, 2019: All that we are is the result of what we have thought.
  • January 12, 2019: All differences in this world are of degree, and not of kind, because oneness is the secret of everything.
  • January 06, 2019: National security is Irreversibly linked to good economic growth


  • December 28, 2018: To plan for smart development, governments and business must recognize nature’s role in supporting economic activity
  • December 23, 2018: Government Surveillance – Good or Bad?
  • December 16, 2018: Trade Wars – Economic or Geopolitical?
  • December 02, 2018: Immigration is Not a Threat, but Fundamentally it’s an Economic Issue
  • November 25, 2018: A people that values its privileges above its principles loses both
  • November 18, 2018: “The past’ is a permanent dimension of human consciousness and values
  • November 11, 2018: A good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge
  • November 04, 2018: Management of Indian border disputes – a complex task
  • October 28, 2018: Alternative technologies for a climate change resilient India
  • October 21, 2018: Poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere
  • October 14, 2018: Reality does not conform to the ideal, but confirms it
  • October 07, 2018: Customary morality cannot be a guide to modern life
  • September 30, 2018: Commercialization of Space : Importance and the need for regulation
  • September 23, 2018: E-commerce as a new form of trade and its challenges to India.
  • September 16, 2018: Ability is nothing without opportunity
  • September 09, 2018: Death Penalty eliminates Criminals, not Crime.
  • September 02, 2018: Dissent is the foundation of democracy.
  • August 26, 2018: Mars Mission and Mob lynchings are two obverse faces of India
  • August 19, 2018: Strengthening Land Rights Strengthens Development
  • August 12, 2018: Age of Big Data: Data is the New Oil, History is its oldest bank
  • August 05, 2018: Strong Institutions and fair procedures, not personalities constitute the fundamentals of good governance
  • July 29, 2018: Social reform is a myth if places of worship are open only to all castes and not to all genders.
  • July 22, 2018: Section 377, not the carnal acts banned under it is ‘against the order of nature ‘
  • July 15, 2018: Schooling Is Not Education
  • July 08, 2018: Sometimes it takes a natural disaster to reveal a social disaster.
  • July 01, 2018: Normal human activity is worse for nature than the greatest nuclear accident in history
  • June 24, 2018: Gender Sensitive Indian Society is Prerequisite for Women and Child Empowerment
  • June 17, 2018: Where Should India Invest More – Human Capital or Human Development?
  • June 10, 2018: Has Democracy Taken Backseat Due to the Rise of Populists and Demagogues?
  • June 03, 2018: We won’t have a society ,if we destroy the environment
  • May 27, 2018: Can Development and Environment Protection Go Together?
  • May 20, 2018: Governor is the Choke Point of Federal Circuit of India
  • May 13, 2018: Anonymity is the Best and the Worst Feature of Urbanism
  • May 06, 2018: A man is but the product of his thoughts; what he thinks, he becomes
  • April 29, 2018: Guaranteeing Right to Vote may Establish a Democracy, But Ensuring it’s Right Use Only Will Bring a True Democracy
  • April 22, 2018: Stereotyping is an Ideological Force Which Hinders and Endangers Consolidation of India
  • April 15, 2018: Can Education and legislation Address Violence Against Women and Children in India?
  • April 8, 2018: Banking Crisis in India – Failure of Governance and Regulation?
  • April 1, 2018: Privacy is the fountainhead of all other rights
  • March 25, 2018: Impact of Technology on Human Relations and Human Productivity
  • March 18, 2018: India’s Focus should be on Ease of Living, not on Easy of Doing Business
  • March 11, 2018: A friend to everybody is a friend to nobody
  • March 04, 2018: Capitalism can not Bring Inclusive Growth
  • February 25, 2018: The unprecedented advance of technologies facilitate individual empowerment but at the cost of Institutions and Democratic societies
  • February 18, 2018: Threats being Faced by Liberal Democratic Systems are both Dangerous and Permanent
  • February 11, 2018: For India, Stigmatised Capitalism is Better than Crony Socialism
  • February 04, 2018: Art, freedom and creativity will change society faster than politics.
  • January 28, 2018: Politics of Identity is the Politics of the Weak
  • January 21, 2018: Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime
  • January 14, 2018: Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only be achieved by understanding
  • January 07, 2018: The Root Cause of Agrarian Distress in India – Failure of Policies or Failure of Governance?


  • December 31, 2017: Impact of the new economic measures on fiscal ties between the union and states in India
  • December 24, 2017: Fulfilment of ‘new woman’ in India is a myth
  • December 17, 2017: Joy is the simplest form of gratitude.
  • December 10, 2017: Farming has lost the ability to be a source of subsistence for majority of farmers in India
  • December 03, 2017: Destiny of a nation is shaped in its classrooms
  • November 19, 2017: Has the Non- Alignment Movement(NAM) lost its relevance in a multipolar world
  • November 12, 2017: Social media is inherently a selfish medium.
  • November 04, 2017: We may brave human laws but cannot resist natural laws
  • October 29, 2017: Gratitude is not only the greatest of virtues, but the parent of all the others.
  • October 22, 2017: Harith Diwali, Swasth Diwali : What measures are needed to deal with Festivity and Air Pollution?
  • October 15, 2017: Biggest Threat to Humanity – Moral Crisis or Climate Change?
  • October 08, 2017: The monsoon is a defining aspect of India’s nationhood
  • October 01, 2017: India’s Infrastructure Story – Why is India not able to Build like China?
  • September 24, 2017: Impact of Digital Technologies on Globalisation
  • September 17, 2017: Urbanisation and Solid Waste Management in India – Challenges and Opportunities
  • September 10,2017: Gender Equality and Peace: Are They Connected?
  • September 03, 2017: Recent Natural Disasters – What do they Reveal about Humanity?
  • August 27, 2017: Godmen – A Threat to Indian Society and Culture
  • August 20, 2017: Corruption in India: Neither Systemic Reforms nor Surgical Strikes would End it
  • August 13,2017: Interrelationship between Gender Equality and Sustainable Development
  • August 06, 2017: Utility and relevance of Parliament in our polity
  • July 30, 2017: Caste System – Source of India’s Eternal Inequality?
  • July 23, 2017: Indian Democracy, Media and Public Opinion – Does Public Opinion Matter in Policymaking?
  • July 16, 2017: Poverty and Environment – Their Interrelationship is the Key to Sustainable World
  • July 09, 2017: Soft Power is India’s Strength, not its Weakness
  • July 02, 2017: Technology and Jobs – Is Technology a Curse?
  • June 25, 2017: Democracy’s Relevance in the Face of New Global Threats
  • June 18, 2017: Federalism in India – Competitive or Cooperative?
  • June 11, 2017: Peace, Environment and Development: Are these Interrelated?
  • June 04, 2017: Role of Technology in Development – Is Technology Helping or Hindering Development?
  • May 28, 2017: Poverty is a State of Mind
  • May 21, 2017: Does India Need Superpower Status?
  • May 14, 2017: India’s Achilles Heel – Lack of Ambition or Lack of Leadership in Achieving Greatness?
  • May 07, 2017: Don’t limit a child to your own learning, for he was born in another time.
  • April 29, 2017: The greatest happiness of the greatest number is the foundation of morals and legislation
  • April 23, 2017: To conquer fear is the beginning of wisdom
  • April 16, 2017: One-Party-Dominant System – Is it Good for India?
  • April 09, 2017: Should Youth in India Consider Politics as Career?
  • April 02, 2017: Can World Save Succeeding Generations from the Scourge of War?
  • March 26, 2017: Low, stagnating female labour-force participation in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms?
  • March 19, 2017: When a man is denied the right to live the life he believes in, he has no choice but to become an outlaw
  • March 12, 2017: The marks humans leave are too often scars
  • March 05, 2017: Environmental Challenges and Geopolitics: How to save our Environment?
  • February 27, 2017: Radical Solutions are Needed to Address Today’s Radical Problems
  • February 19, 2017: India’s Importance in the Post-truth World
  • February 12, 2017: The Role of Politics in Development
  • February 05, 2017: Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored
  • January 29, 2017: Building Walls and Banning Refugees – Does this Help Humanity?
  • January 22, 2017: Digital economy: A leveller or a source of economic inequality
  • January 15, 2017: Cyberspace and internet: Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run
  • January 08, 2017: Water disputes between states in federal India
  • January 01, 2017: Need brings greed, if greed increases it spoils breed


  • (December 25, 2016) – Cooperative federalism: Myth or reality
  • (December 18, 2016) – Innovation is the key determinant of economic growth and social welfare
  • (December 11, 2016) – Near jobless growth in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms
  • (December 04, 2016) – If development is not engendered, it is endangered
  • (November 27, 2016) – Social media is better at breaking things than at making things
  • (November 20, 2016) – Deglobalization is good for the world
  • (November 12, 2016) – Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others
  • (November 06, 2016) – It is not inequality which is the real misfortune, it is dependence
  • (October 30, 2016) – Reducing Poverty while also Conserving Nature is an Impossible Task
  • (October 23, 2016) – Poverty can be eliminated by putting science at the heart of development
  • (October 16, 2016) – People shouldn’t be afraid of their government. Governments should be afraid of their people
  • (October 09, 2016) – Better Access is Key to Inclusive Cities
  • (October 02, 2016) – The weaker sections of Indian society – Are their Rights and Access to Justice Getting Better?
  • (September 25, 2016) – Imagination is more important than intelligence
  • (September 18, 2016) – Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life
  • (September 11, 2016) – Not what we have But what we enjoy, constitutes our abundance
  • (September 04, 2016) – It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it
  • (August 28, 2016) – If one can Address Moral Crisis, many of World’s Problems can be Solved
  • (August 21, 2016) – Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development
  • (August 14, 2016) – Geography may remain the same ; history need not
  • (August 07, 2016) – Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom
  • (July 31, 2016) – To live is the rarest thing in the world. Most people exist, that is all
  • (July 24, 2016) – True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing
  • (July 17, 2016) – We Can Not Fight Terrorism – We have to Live With it
  • (July 10, 2016) – A house divided against itself cannot stand
  • (July 02, 2016) – When the going gets tough, the tough get going
  • (June 26, 2016) – India a Reluctant Participant in the New Global Order?
  • (June 19, 2016) – Inclusiveness in India – Still a Dream?
  • (June 12, 2016) – No one can make you feel inferior without your consent
  • (June 05, 2016) – Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted
  • (May 29, 2016) – It is hard to free fools from the chains they revere
  • (May 22, 2016) – Honest disagreement is often a good sign of progress
  • (May 15, 2016) – Fire is a good servant but a bad master
  • (May 08, 2016) – The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence
  • (May 01, 2016) – Labour Reforms in India and its Role in Economic Development
  • (April 24, 2016) – It takes a whole village to raise a child
  • (April 17, 2016) – Trust take years to Build, Seconds to Break
  • (April 10, 2016) – Cleanliness is next to Godliness
  • (April 03, 2016) – Honesty is the Best Policy
  • (March 27, 2016) – Before criticizing a man, walk a mile in his shoes
  • (March 20, 2016) – Caste System – India’s Enduring Curse
  • (March 13, 2016) – Fortune favors the bold
  • (March 06, 2016) – Quick but steady wins the race
  • (February 28, 2016) – Dreams which should not let India sleep
  • (February 21, 2016) – Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole
  • (February 14, 2016) – Technology cannot replace manpower
  • (February 7, 2016) – Character of an institution is reflected in its leader
  • (January 31, 2016) – Can Capitalism bring Inclusive Growth?
  • (January 24, 2016) – Crisis Faced in India – Moral or Economic?
  • (January 17, 2016) – Too many cooks spoil the broth
  • (January 10, 2016) – The Best Things in Life are Free
  • (January 3, 2016) – Don’t count your chickens before they hatch.


  • 27 December 2015
  • 20 December 2015
  • 13 December 2015
  • 06 December 2015
  • 28 November 2015
  • 21 November 2015
  • 15 November 2015
  • 08 November 2015
  • 01 November 2015
  • 25 October 2015
  • 18 October 2015
  • 11 October 2015
  • 04 October 2015
  • 27 September 2015
  • 20 September 2015
  • 13 September 2015
  • 06 September 2015
  • 31 August 2015
  • 30 August 2015
  • 23 August 2015
  • 16 August 2015
  • 09 August 2015
  • 01 August 2015
  • 26 July 2015
  • 19 July 2015
  • 12 July 2015
  • 05 July 2015
  • 28 June 2015
  • 21 June 2015
  • 14 June 2015
  • 07 June 2015
  • 31 May 2015
  • 24 May 2015
  • 17 May 2015
  • 10 May 2015
  • 03 May 2015
  • 26 April 2015
  • 19 April 2015
  • 12 April 2015
  • 05 April 2015
  • 29 March 2015
  • 22 March 2015
  • 15 March 2015
  • 01 March 2015
  • 22 February 2015
  • 15 February 2015
  • 08 February 2015
  • 01 February 2015
  • 25 January 2015
  • 18 January 2015
  • 11 January 2015
  • 04 January 2015

Left Menu Icon

  • Our Mission, Vision & Values
  • Director’s Desk
  • Commerce & Accountancy
  • Previous Years’ Question Papers-Prelims
  • Previous Years’ Question Papers-Mains
  • Environment & Ecology
  • Science & Technology

essay on technology upsc

10,000+ students realised their study abroad dream with us. Take the first step today

Meet top uk universities from the comfort of your home, here’s your new year gift, one app for all your, study abroad needs, start your journey, track your progress, grow with the community and so much more.

essay on technology upsc

Verification Code

An OTP has been sent to your registered mobile no. Please verify

essay on technology upsc

Thanks for your comment !

Our team will review it before it's shown to our readers.

Leverage Edu

UPSC Science and Technology Questions for Mains Exam 🧬

' src=

  • Updated on  
  • Nov 25, 2023

UPSC Science and Technology Questions for Mains Exam

Science and Technology is an integral part of UPSC Mains GS Paper 3 of CSE. Students should have a deep understanding of the topics related to science and technology for UPSC exam preparation .

📌 Students Should Keep in Mind: Mains are an important step in the UPSC Ladder, and these papers are not easy to crack! You should be well-versed in all sections and subjects.

➡️ Did you know? On average, a candidate will have only 10 – 15 minutes to write each answer. This makes practising the previous year’s papers even more important !!! Hence, in this blog, we will mention the UPSC Science and Technology questions for Mains exam preparation. Keep in mind, that writing the answers to these questions will improve the answer-writing skill for upcoming exams.

This Blog Includes:

Upsc science and technology: topics for cse exam 2024 🎯, tips to prepare for upsc science and technology 📝, upsc science and technology questions for mains 📑.

Below, we have mentioned year-wise questions of UPSC Science and Technology.

  • Introduce the concept of artificial intelligence (AI). How does AI help clinical diagnosis? Do you perceive any threat to the privacy of the individual in the use of AI in Healthcare?
  • What is the main task of India’s third moon mission which could not be achieved in its earlier mission? List the countries that have achieved this task. Introduce the subsystems in the spacecraft launched and explain the role of the ‘Virtual Launch Control Centre’ at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre which contributed to the successful launch from Sriharikota.
  • Discuss several ways in which microorganisms can help in meeting the current fuel shortage.

📌 Download UPSC 2023 Mains GS 3 Question Paper PDF

  • Private players can bring in the innovation needed for developing space-based applications and services”. In the light of this statement, highlight the role of private sector in India’s space science and technology.
  • Indian Biological Data Bank will reduce the dependency of Indian researchers on American and European data banks.” In the light of the statement, discuss key features of the indigenous data bank centre.
  • India’s data storage center industry had leap-frogged at least a decade in the past couple of years. Discuss.
  • What are the objectives and components of the Samudrayan mission? How will it help in enhancing India’s capabilities and interests in deep ocean exploration?
  • The Nobel Prize in Physics of 2014 was jointly awarded to Akasaki, Amano and Nakamura for the invention of Blue LEDs in 1990s. How has this invention impacted the everyday life of human beings?
  • How is the S-400 air defence system technically superior to any other system presently available in the world?

Also Read: How to Prepare for UPSC Botany Optional?

  • Discuss the significance of space technology in promoting sustainable development in India.
  • COVID-19 pandemic has caused unprecedented devastation worldwide. However, technological advancements are being availed readily to win over the crisis. Give an account of how technology was sought to aid management of the pandemic.
  • What do you understand by nanotechnology and how is it helping in health sector?
  • What is India’s plan to have its own space station and how will it benefit our space programme?
  • Health sector in India is faced with multiple problems. In light of this statement discuss the challenges faced by the health sector in India.

Recently, there are various developments in the science and technology section. These topics can be part of GS 3 question paper. Below, we have mentioned the most important topics for upcoming UPSC exam.

  • Quantum Computing and AI in Symbiotic Harmony
  • India Grants Record Patents in 2023-34
  • Emergency Alert System
  • Deepfakes: Opportunities, Threats, and Regulation
  • Build Foundation First- Take the help of NCERT books and create a foundation for your studies. ( Find the 👉 NCERT Study Material Here! )
  • Newspaper and Magazines- You need to keep an eye on every development in the science stream. Read newspapers and other mediums to stay updated.
  • Hand-Written Notes- There is no comparison of handwritten notes in preparation. Create flashcards for every topic you read and it will help you do quick revision.
  • PYQ Papers – Pick 5 to 10 year-old question papers and practise with them. Also, this will help you to understand the trend.

Related Blogs

This was all about the “How to Prepare for UPSC Botany Optional”.  For more such informative blogs, check out our  UPSC Exams Section , or you can learn more about us by visiting our    Indian exams  page.

' src=

Raj Vimal has experience of 5+ years in Content Writing, which includes 3+ years in EdTech writing. I have prior experience on the technicalities of Study abroad. Also, I have done content for government job exams like PSC. Apart from this, I have worked as a journalist in several media brands. I hold a Master's degree in Mass Communication and New Media Technology. When I am not doing deep dive into content writing, I love to spend some Me time with books and street dogs or sometime in the kitchen.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Contact no. *

essay on technology upsc

Connect With Us

essay on technology upsc

25,000+ students realised their study abroad dream with us. Take the first step today.

essay on technology upsc

Resend OTP in

essay on technology upsc

Need help with?

Study abroad.

UK, Canada, US & More


Scholarship, Loans & Forex

Country Preference

New Zealand

Which English test are you planning to take?

Which academic test are you planning to take.

Not Sure yet

When are you planning to take the exam?

Already booked my exam slot

Within 2 Months

Want to learn about the test

Which Degree do you wish to pursue?

When do you want to start studying abroad.

January 2024

September 2024

What is your budget to study abroad?

essay on technology upsc

How would you describe this article ?

Please rate this article

We would like to hear more.

Have something on your mind?

essay on technology upsc

Make your study abroad dream a reality in January 2022 with

essay on technology upsc

India's Biggest Virtual University Fair

essay on technology upsc

Essex Direct Admission Day

Why attend .

essay on technology upsc

Don't Miss Out

Technical Revolution in India | UPSC Mains Essay Preparation PDF Download

Technical Revolution in India

(1) Opening    —    Present scenario.

(2) Body    —    Agriculture.

        * New varieties * Biotechnology & Genetic engineering

    —    Animal Husbandry.

        * Embryo implantation, genetic engineering, cross breeding * Better feed and fodder

    —    Operation flood.

    —    Oil seed revolution.

    —    Aquaculture.

    —    Industry—engineering etc.

    —    Nuclear Power.

        * Energy * Isotopes

    —    Space

        * Satellites * Launch vehicles  * Spin off technology

    —    Frontier areas

        * Super conductivity * Fibre optics * Robotics and AI

    —    Information Technology.

        * Super Computer  * Parallel computers

    —    Defence.

(3) Closing    —    Still non-scientific out-look of people.

    —    Problems.

        * Basic areas * Detached to social needs

    —    Need to be more user & common people oriented.

It will not be an overstatement if we say that a technology revolution is taking place in India. India has now third largest population of scientists, engineers and doctors in the world. India has not only progressed immensely in the traditional areas of agriculture and industry but is about to take a giant leap even in the new and frontier areas of science and technology like space and robotics. Today, we can proudly proclaim self-sufficiency in food and at the same time, we are slowly moving in the direction of challenging USA, France, Russia and China in the commercial space market. This all-round development can indeed be called Technology revolution.

Let us first take agriculture. We have come a long way from PL 480 days. Today, we are in a position to export food—thanks to the hybrid varieties of crops that are faster growing, more productive and more disease resistant. The tool of biotechnology and genetic engineering is being used to produce even better variety of crops. Embryo implantation, artificial insemination and cross-breeding have helped us evolve new and better varieties of cattles. It is partly because of better varieties of cows that operation flood has proved successful. And now we have evolved better oil seeds and are on the brink of yellow revolution. Aquaculture and shrimp farming has led not only to catch more fishes but even gain by export earnings.

We have developed our industries a lot. From the days when we couldn’t even produce a needle at home, we have reached a stage that aeroplanes, tractors, automobiles, earthmoving machinery, machine tools are not only being produced but even exported. Two most remarkable achievements have been in the fields of space and nuclear power.

From 1974 Pokharan test to today, we have reached to the point where we have 4 nuclear power plants and one more is coming up in Karnataka. Now, we have developed capability not only to construct plants indigenously but even produce coolants (Heavy water) and fuel (Uranium, Thorium, Plutonium). We have developed technology not only for thermal reactors but also fast breeder reactors. A number of experimental reactors are set up like Dhruva and Apsara which are being used to study radiations, produce isotopes and new particles. Isotopes are being used in medicines. Gamma rays are used for sterlizing food. These studies are also immensely useful in theoretical physics.

In space technology we launched Aryabhatta, the first indigenous satellite. Bhaskara and Rohini followed. We have already INSAT-1 series that immensely boosted telecommunication and weather forecast. Now, we are launching INSAT-2 series to replace INSAT-1 series and also to provide additional services. Also, IRS series of satellites have been launched which will help in resource mapping and study of atmosphere. We developed SLV rocket technology to launch small satellites of 100 kg. It was modified to develop ASLV to launch Rohini series. Today, we have developed PSLV to launch 1000 kg IRS satellites in sun synchronous orbits. GSLV is also being developed which herald India’s entry into global space market that is highly profitable and has a bright future.

As a spin off from space and nuclear programmes, new technologies in the field of 

metallurgy, electronics, control systems, safety equipments, radiation and isotopes have been evolved that are today being given to private firms that will help to commercialize it.

In other frontier areas like super conductivity, optical fibres and robotics, research is being carried out in IISc, IITs, BARC etc. India has been able to develop its own superconductor. Also, optical fibre technology is on the brink of being commercialised.

In the area of information technology, India has developed its own Mainframe PCs and even supercomputers. PARAM evolved by Anurag is as good as the best available supercomputers. India is also evolving AI and robotics. Already Chaturobot has been developed. Also, India has progressed immensely in telecommunications. RAX is only one example. Others include package networking, Gateways, E-Mail etc. Also, India has already commissioned INMARSAT Land Earth Station at Arvi.

India is also not lacking in defence preparedness. Be it Tank Arjun or INSAS for Army, PTA for Air Force or Missiles, India has kept itself alert and ahead...Agni, Nag, Prithvi and Akash are Indian missiles that can break enemy’s backbone.

This brief survey shows that India has indeed taken a giant leap in almost every field but we still find majority of our people are bound by obscurantist traditions, rituals and superstitions. They are ignorant and lack scientific temper. Hunger, disease and poverty has still not been won over. India has world’s one third hungry people. 40% live below poverty line. Basic education, good and cheap housing, nutritious food and safe and clean drinking water are still a dream for many. The reason is that many technologies remain in the laboratory and do not reach masses. Research is being done independently of social milieu which should not be. In addition, bureaucratisation of our institutions, also creates hurdles in the path of technology transfer from laboratory to land.

So, we should rethink our strategy, reorient our research so that it becomes practical and of direct use in uplifting standards of living. Science and technology be used to wipe tears from every eye and bring smile to every face.

Top Courses for UPSC

Faqs on technical revolution in india - upsc mains essay preparation, how to prepare for upsc, study material, extra questions, technical revolution in india | upsc mains essay preparation, objective type questions, viva questions, past year papers, semester notes, previous year questions with solutions, practice quizzes, video lectures, sample paper, important questions, shortcuts and tricks, mock tests for examination.

essay on technology upsc

Technical Revolution in India Free PDF Download

Importance of technical revolution in india, technical revolution in india notes, technical revolution in india upsc questions, study technical revolution in india on the app, welcome back, create you account for free.

essay on technology upsc

Forgot Password

Unattempted tests, change country.

essay on technology upsc

Science and Technology in India, Progress, Achievements, and Concerns

Science and technology have played a pivotal role in shaping India's modern identity and driving its socio-economic development. Know all Achievements Science and Technology in India.


Table of Contents

Science and technology have played a pivotal role in shaping India’s modern identity and driving its socio-economic development. With a rich history dating back centuries, India has made significant strides in recent years, positioning itself as a global player in the field of science and technology.

Science and Technology in India

Science and technology have significantly influenced India’s development. With a rich historical legacy, India has made remarkable strides in recent times. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has gained global acclaim with missions to the moon and Mars, while the IT and pharmaceutical sectors are thriving. These advancements have driven economic growth, improved healthcare, and strengthened the agricultural sector. However, India must address funding, education, and digital access disparities to maintain this momentum and ensure technology benefits all.

History of science and technology in India

India’s history of science and technology is a tapestry of remarkable accomplishments spanning millennia. Ancient Indian mathematicians blazed a trail with the invention of the decimal system and the concept of zero, while astronomers made precise celestial observations. The “Sushruta Samhita” demonstrated advanced surgical knowledge, and India’s metallurgical expertise was renowned. The medieval period witnessed architectural marvels like the Taj Mahal. British colonialism influenced the growth of modern scientific institutions.

Post-independence, India prioritized education and research, giving rise to institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Contemporary India excels in space exploration, IT, pharmaceuticals, and renewable energy, solidifying its global stature in science and technology. Science and technology have always been integral to Indian culture, with a rich tradition of natural philosophy. The Indian Renaissance, coinciding with the independence struggle, saw significant progress by Indian scientists. Post-independence, the government established robust S&T infrastructure, with the Department of Science and Technology playing a pivotal role.

Role of Science & Technology in India

The role of science and technology in India is pivotal, with significant contributions to the nation’s development and progress. This role can be understood through various dimensions:

Economic Growth

Science and technology play a critical role in driving economic growth. They underpin various industries, including information technology, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and manufacturing. India’s burgeoning software and IT services sector, in particular, has led to substantial foreign exchange earnings and job creation. The advancements in these industries have significantly contributed to the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and overall economic development.

Agricultural Transformation

Science and technology have been instrumental in transforming India’s agriculture sector. The Green Revolution, initiated in the mid-20th century, introduced high-yield crop varieties, modern irrigation techniques, and improved agricultural practices. These innovations increased agricultural productivity, ensuring food security for the growing population.

Healthcare Advancements

Technological advancements in the field of medicine have improved healthcare outcomes in India. Advanced medical equipment, telemedicine, and innovative treatment methods have enhanced the quality of healthcare services. India has also become a prominent player in pharmaceuticals, producing a wide range of affordable generic drugs and vaccines.

Education and Research

Science and technology have fostered a culture of innovation and research in India. The establishment of institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs), and world-class research facilities has nurtured a new generation of scientists and engineers. These institutions have not only contributed to cutting-edge research but have also attracted international collaborations.

Space Exploration

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has achieved significant milestones in space exploration. India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan) in 2013 marked its entry into interplanetary space exploration. ISRO’s missions have contributed to advancements in communication, remote sensing, and global positioning systems, benefiting a wide range of sectors, including agriculture, disaster management, and urban planning.

Global Contributions

India has become a global contributor in science and technology. Its space missions and pharmaceutical industry have not only served domestic needs but have also had a global impact. India’s information technology sector provides crucial services to businesses and organizations around the world. The nation’s scientists and engineers are increasingly engaged in collaborative research projects with international partners, contributing to global scientific advancements.

Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Science and technology have fostered innovation and entrepreneurship. Start-ups in the technology, biotechnology, and clean energy sectors have gained prominence, attracting investments and generating job opportunities. India’s government and private sector actively support the growth of a vibrant start-up ecosystem.

Recent Developments of science and technology in India

India has a rich history of remarkable achievements in the field of science and technology, spanning from ancient innovations to modern breakthroughs. Here are some notable contributions:

Revolutionizing Agriculture

India’s Green Revolution, a monumental achievement, transformed the country’s agricultural landscape. Agro-scientists introduced high-yielding seeds, modern farming techniques, and improved irrigation practices. As a result, India became self-sufficient in food production, reducing reliance on foreign grain imports and ensuring food security.

Pioneering Satellite Communication

Under the visionary leadership of Vikram Sarabhai, India ventured into space technology. The successful launch of the Space Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) and the INSAT system in 1983 established India as a significant player in satellite communication. This achievement has had a profound impact on telecommunications, broadcasting, and weather forecasting.

Global Pharmaceutical Hub

India has earned its reputation as “the pharmacy of the world.” Government initiatives, including the establishment of Hindustan Antibiotics Limited and Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited, along with private sector contributions, have led to the production of affordable and effective drugs and vaccines with a global impact.

Indigenous Defence Advancements

The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has been pivotal in developing indigenous defence systems, including advanced aircraft, weaponry, tanks, electronic warfare technologies, and missile systems. India’s successful nuclear tests in 1974 and 1998 have reinforced national security and sovereignty.

Space Exploration Excellence

The establishment of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969 marked a significant milestone. ISRO’s missions, including Chandrayaan (2008) and Mangalyaan (2014), have propelled India to the forefront of space exploration. India became the first nation to reach the orbit of Mars on its maiden attempt, expanding our knowledge of celestial bodies.

Global IT Dominance

The establishment of the Department of Electronics in 1970, coupled with the emergence of public sector companies like ECIL and CMC, challenged the dominance of global IT giants. Today, India stands as the world’s largest exporter of IT services, with companies like Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) ranking among the top 10 IT firms globally, contributing significantly to the nation’s economic growth and technological prowess.

Achievements of India in Science and Technology

In the realm of space exploration, India has achieved notable milestones through the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). ISRO has successfully launched numerous satellites for communication, Earth observation, and navigation. The Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan), launched in 2013, marked a historic achievement, making India the fourth country in the world to reach Mars on its maiden attempt. Additionally, the Chandrayaan-2 mission was launched to explore the Moon, comprising an orbiter, lander, and rover.

Nuclear Technology

India has made significant strides in nuclear technology, developing capabilities for both civilian and military purposes. The Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998 demonstrated India’s nuclear capabilities to the world. The Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR) and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) have played pivotal roles in advancing nuclear science within the country.

Information Technology

India has established itself as a global IT hub, with companies like Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Infosys, and Wipro leading the industry. These companies have contributed to Silicon Valley and the global tech industry, while Indian engineers and entrepreneurs have made substantial contributions in the field of information technology.

Pharmaceutical and Healthcare

India is a major player in the pharmaceutical industry, producing a significant portion of the world’s generic drugs. Indian pharmaceutical companies have played a crucial role in the global fight against diseases like HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. This contribution to healthcare has had a global impact.

Renewable Energy

India has made significant progress in the field of renewable energy, setting ambitious goals for solar and wind energy generation. The International Solar Alliance (ISA), initiated by India, promotes cooperation among countries in harnessing solar energy, contributing to sustainable development.


In the field of biotechnology, India has made advancements through research institutions and companies. These advancements encompass genetic engineering, vaccine development, and crop improvement, making significant contributions to the global biotech sector.


India’s indigenous supercomputer, Param, has been a valuable tool for scientific research and weather forecasting. It showcases India’s capabilities in high-performance computing.

Agriculture and Green Revolution

The Green Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s, led by scientists like Norman Borlaug, transformed agricultural practices in India. It significantly increased food production and played a crucial role in improving food security.

Space Research and Navigation

India’s space research extends to navigation with the launch of its regional satellite navigation system called NavIC. NavIC provides accurate positioning information services to users in India and neighboring regions, enhancing navigation capabilities.

Science and Innovation

Indian scientists and researchers have made substantial contributions to various scientific fields, including physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics. Their work has elevated India’s standing in the global scientific community and contributed to scientific knowledge worldwide.

Concerns in Science and Technology in India

India’s science and technology landscape faces several concerns that impact its growth and competitiveness:

  • Funding Challenges: The level of investment in research and development in India is often insufficient to support cutting-edge scientific endeavors and technological innovations. Inadequate funding hampers the country’s ability to tackle critical challenges and compete globally.
  • Educational Variability: Disparities in the quality of science and technology education across the country hinder the development of a skilled workforce. Education reform is needed to make curriculum more relevant and equip students with practical skills.
  • Brain Drain: The emigration of highly skilled researchers and scientists to foreign countries in pursuit of better opportunities results in a substantial loss of expertise and innovation within India.
  • Innovation Ecosystem: Establishing a thriving innovation ecosystem with support for startups and entrepreneurship remains a challenge. Translating research into commercially viable products or services can be difficult.
  • Infrastructure Gaps: Inadequate infrastructure, including state-of-the-art research facilities, hinders scientific progress and innovation.

Way Forward

To bolster India’s science and technology sector, key measures are vital. Firstly, an increase in research and development funding is imperative, with a greater budget allocation to support innovative projects and cutting-edge scientific endeavors. Concurrently, a focus on education reform is essential, enhancing the quality of science and technology education with modernized curricula and practical skill development.

Mitigating the brain drain necessitates incentives to retain talented researchers and scientists while nurturing an innovation ecosystem through support for startups and streamlined regulations promotes the commercialization of research. Infrastructure development, including state-of-the-art research facilities, will facilitate scientific progress. These measures collectively position India to contribute significantly to global scientific advancements and ensure socio-economic development.

Science and Technology in India UPSC

Science and Technology is a significant subject within the Civil Services Examination. It’s evident from the numerous questions related to this subject that appear in both the UPSC Prelims and Mains. To assist IAS aspirants in their exam preparations, this article offers downloadable PDFs of UPSC notes on Science and Technology. In the UPSC Mains, Science and Technology form part of the GS III syllabus. Additionally, science subjects such as Botany, Chemistry, and Biology are among the optional subject choices for the IAS Mains exam. These scientific subjects offer the potential for high scores, but often, aspirants face challenges in balancing static and dynamic aspects while making notes, especially when dealing with contemporary issues from the news.

Sharing is caring!

Science and Technology in India FAQs

What is the role of science and technology in modern india.

Science and technology in modern India drive economic growth, healthcare advancements, and agricultural transformation while fostering innovation, global contributions, and socio-economic development.

What is the future of science and technology in India?

India aspires for advancements in experimental physics, astrophysics, drug development, diagnostics, and biotechnology, aiming to push scientific frontiers.

How does science and technology contribute to economic growth in India?

Science and technology underpin various industries, such as information technology, pharmaceuticals, and biotechnology, contributing to GDP and job creation.

  • science and tech

Difference Between AI and Machine Learning

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

P2I Hinglish

  • UPSC Online Coaching
  • UPSC Exam 2024
  • UPSC Syllabus 2024
  • UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024
  • UPSC Mains Syllabus 2024
  • UPSC Exam Pattern 2024
  • UPSC Age Limit 2024
  • UPSC Calendar 2024
  • UPSC Syllabus in Hindi
  • UPSC Full Form

PSIR Batch

Recent Posts

  • UPPSC Exam 2024
  • UPPSC Calendar
  • UPPSC Syllabus 2024
  • UPPSC Exam Pattern 2024
  • UPPSC Application Form 2024
  • UPPSC Eligibility Criteria 2024
  • UPPSC Admit card 2024
  • UPPSC Salary And Posts
  • UPPSC Cut Off
  • UPPSC Previous Year Paper

BPSC Exam 2024

  • BPSC 70th Notification
  • BPSC 69th Exam Analysis
  • BPSC Admit Card
  • BPSC Syllabus
  • BPSC Exam Pattern
  • BPSC Cut Off
  • BPSC Question Papers


  • IB ACIO Salary
  • IB ACIO Syllabus

Study Material Categories

  • Daily The Hindu Analysis
  • Daily Practice Quiz for Prelims
  • Daily Answer Writing
  • Daily Current Affairs
  • Indian Polity
  • Environment and Ecology
  • Art and Culture
  • General Knowledge
  • Biographies

P2I English



  • Terms & Conditions
  • Return & Refund Policy
  • Privacy Policy
  • Skip to main content

India’s Largest Career Transformation Portal

Essay on Technology cannot replace Manpower

July 6, 2019 by Sandeep

The world in which we are living is full of technology. Technology is a contribution of human being, and this technology is helping us today by making our work easier.

Our grandfathers have witnessed all these changes. From covering great distances by foot to travelling by air, sending letters across the land to receiving mails just in seconds, from using the gold and silver coins to the invention of plastic money, from sending balloons to the space to sending drones on the largest moon of Saturn, from managing paper work to uploading them on the internet and other such sources, from servants to robots, everything today has changed.

These are all the gifts of technology to humans. Look around the world today; this is a technology driven world full of gadgets, devices, transport facilities, medical facilities, banking etc. But do these changes and inventions happen on their own? NO, human mind is behind all these technological advancement. It was a human mind which could question the traditional way of doing things and made the things easier for everyone.

The humans are bestowed with a great gift by nature and that is the human brain which is capable of doing wonders. The things which makes our life easy were made by prolong efforts of the great inventors of all the time. Therefore, though technology contributed a lot to the mankind, can even reduce the man power but it can never replace the man power. We can say that, technology and manpower complement each other.

Importance of Technology

The advancements and the progress which we see today is the gift of science, whether in the field of science, space, health, defense and computer etc. but the credit goes to the humans who thought in such a way of doing things. In the field of science, we have many gadgets today which help us in making our work easier. In space, we did a lot.

Like finding about the atmosphere of other planets, sending astronauts to the moon, placing satellites which orbit around the earth, the research about the possibility of life at other planets, and the list go on. The human’s today, live a longer and a secured life as compared to the older times.

The invention of different vaccines has eradicated many deathly diseases. The average age of a human has also increased with better medical facilities and getting the medical help instantly. The child mortality rate has also drastically reduced. Cure of many life taking diseases are also available with the humans.

Many techniques came up for surgeries. In the area of defense, the countries are spending enormously for the security of the nation. Every country is equipped with everything technology which is required in today’s world. The satellites are so powerful that they can detect any unlawful thing happening.

The missiles are ready to counter the weapons of enemy nations before they enter the land. The helicopters, tanks, fighter jets, ships, carriers etc. are present for the defense of the nation. The information and technological department is one of the most successful departments. This is not the end, the development process in all the fields continues and they are trying to make it even better and effecting by correcting the little flaws in their making.

Since industrial revolution the humans have encountered many new form of doing the same thing. The manual power was taken over by the steam power, after that electricity stepped in making the task much easier. The electric power helped in mass production. This revolution changed the scope of human labor dramatically and led to globalization and division of work. There have been many rapid advances in manufacturing and artificial intelligence.

Today technology is in every part of human life. The technology has helped in eliminating the need of middle man between consumers and machines. This has been a disadvantage for the low skilled and low paid workers. We are already in an era where we are facing acute employment shortage and now in the favour of high tech automation, many jobs will slowly phase out.

Like we know that self driving cars will eliminate the need of drivers, the pizza delivery through drones has reduced the delivery burden of the restaurants. These drones will also cut off the postal services. But the best part of all these technological advantage is they are made by human brains and their skills and they work under their supervisions only. Therefore, they cannot take a place of human being.

The Role of Humans

Today we are just a click away from getting what we need. Can this technology click for us? No, we all need a human hand to make the technology do things for us. Though we have much today, like the artificial intelligence, translations of languages, increase in the food production, biotechnology, genetic engineering, but a human being is always needed to supervise the technology.

The companies and the factories are in favour of less labour force and more up gradation in the technology. They are replacing the manpower with newly developed technologies. This makes their work easier and they have larger production at cheap prices. Many places we even find that robots are replacing the labour and house maids for household work.

Nothing new in this, humans are just evolving over time. At earlier days, skilled labours were imported, then there was a time when there were found in the vicinity of the household, now the humans themselves are making the robots for making their work easier.

We can even say that the advancement in the technology which we encounter today is happening because of the human thinking. These things operate according to the instruction of a human. They are brainless body formed with different materials which needs proper care. A human body can find out that something is wrong with it, but these structures need humans to look into the matter. Technology can support the functioning of the humans but it can never replace it.

We are acquaint with the names of many scientists and their inventions like, the telescope of Galileo, the steam engine of James Watt, the light bulb of Thomas Edison, the car by Henry Ford, the air plane by the Wright Brothers, the Raman effect, the huge missiles by Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam and the list goes on.

They did these inventions when the people were now aware of the term technology. They had minimum resources in which they worked hard. These inventions were made for making the things easier. These people will always overpower the technology because they gave birth to the technological era.

Their brains worked more than what technology provides us today as they had the courage to question thing and had the determination to work for the betterment of the civilization. Formulating this technology is not a work of a single night. The human brain has been adding a lot to technology according to the needs of the dynamic world. If the technology was more powerful than a human brain, then technology could have never went obsolete. They could have up graded themselves, but this could not happen as their existence is because of a man power.

Can creator overpower creator?

A human decision making power is stronger than a computer. The decision of a human being is based on intelligence as well as values and experiences. Computer is one of the most intelligent devices of all times and this intelligence is filled by the intelligence of human being, and thus a computer can never attain the qualities that humans possess.

A computer can do many tasks that a human is incompetent to do but, acquiring the experiences and the values are not their cup of tea. Even for efficient use of technology and for increasing the productivity a human mind is must.

It’s a human nature that it needs encouragement and continuous motivation for achieving better heights. Human resources play a significant role in maintaining relations and strong networks, keeping motivation up, building a healthy bond, and much much qualitative work which the technology is insufficient to do. We should not forget the fact that technology makes this communication possible between the human beings.

The world in which we are living are home of many enterprises. These enterprises were born out of human intelligence, the capacity to take risks, vision for innovation, courage to face circumstances, ability to provide the resources and much more. Technology is important as it works as a bridge between these enterprises and the people but they can never replace the man power.

The works of great artists, writers, sculptors, painters etc can only be copied by machines. The machines cannot reproduce the original form of any of these magnificent creations.

The magnificent forts, the Harrapan Great Bath, the Palaces of Kings, the old ships by which Vasco De Gama travelled the huge oceans, world famous painting of Pablo Picasso, the works of Shakespeare, the seven wonders of the world, all these were created with the ability of human brain. These developments took place when there was least technology available with them.

Therefore, technology surely helps us making things easy but it can never be used as a substitution of manpower. The skills which are possessed by a human brain, the communication with language and emotional bond increase the productive of machines. Technology is completely dependent upon human interventions.

  • Skip to primary navigation
  • Skip to main content
  • Skip to primary sidebar

UPSC: Latest News, IAS, IPS, UPSC Preparation

Enroll in ClearIAS UPSC Coaching Join Now Log In

Call us: +91-9605741000

Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology

Last updated on September 30, 2022 by ClearIAS Team

Science and Technology

What are the achievements of Indians in Science & Technology?

How easy was the indigenization of technology?

What are the new technologies developed by India?

Table of Contents

The decade of the 1950s

The experiment in science and technology that independent India has embarked on began with our leaders’ goal of bringing about social change through public investment in this field.

Atomic Energy Establishment

The year was 1954, and Homi J. Bhabha establishes the Atomic Energy Establishment. After his death, it was renamed the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. A presidential order later established the Department of Atomic Energy.

India’s Scientific Policy Resolution of 1958

It was the first science policy that placed a strong emphasis on fundamental research in almost every field of science.

ClearIAS Online Courses

The policy also emphasized the development and availability of basic infrastructure for the advancement of scientific research.

India’s first digital computer

TIFRAC, India’s first digital computer, was built by the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay (TIFR Automatic Computer).

The decade of 1960s

Birth of isro.

In 1962, Jawaharlal Nehru established the Indian National Committee for Space Research under the Department of Atomic Energy. In 1969, it was renamed the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Read more on privatization of the space sector.

Age of Rocketry

The first rocket launch facility in India was established by Vikram Sarabhai in 1963 at Thumba, not far from Thiruvananthapuram.

Maestros in Mathematics

The TIFR mathematicians M.S. Narasimhan and C.S. Seshadri created the Narasimhan-Seshadri Theorem in 1965. The most significant mathematical discovery to come out of India since independence maybe this one.

The harvest of the Green revolution

Under Lal Bahadur Shastri’s government, the Green Revolution was started by M.S. Swaminathan with the significant support of C. Subramaniam, the minister of agriculture.

The Green Revolution transformed India from a food-insecure nation to one of the world’s top agricultural powers between 1967–1968 and 1977–1978.

Decade of 1970s

The smiling buddha.

India successfully conducted its first nuclear weapon test in Pokhran, Rajasthan, on May 18, 1974.

After the test, known as “Smiling Buddha,” India became the sixth nuclear state in the world to successfully test a nuclear bomb outside of the five permanent members of the United Nations, which are the US, Soviet Union, Britain, France, and China.

Birth of Satellites

On April 19, 1975, a massive polyhedron-shaped object was sent into space by rocket thrusters at a desolate-looking launch site in the Russian province of Astrakhan.

It was “Aryabhata,” India’s first unmanned satellite, and a significant occasion in the history of the country.

Birth of Durga

On October 3, 1978, Dr. Subhash Mukherjee became the first physician in India and the second in the world to create a test tube baby. The baby, who was given the name Durga, is today known as Kanupriya Agarwal.

Decade of 1980s

Age of missile technology.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam served as the program director for the Integrated Guided Missile Program by DRDO , which was launched on July 26, 1983. This program produced Prithvi, Trishul, Akash, Nag, and Agni as a result.

India walking towards Antarctica

Age of communication technology, a breakthrough in forensics.

Technology for DNA fingerprinting was created in 1988 by the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology. India was the third nation to create the technology.

Decade of 1990s

India’s super-duper home-made supercomputer.

India had been subject to a technological embargo when the PARAM supercomputer was first developed. India established the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, or C-DAC, in 1988 to promote the development of self-sufficiency.

PARAM 8000 was created in 1991 with a three-year timetable and a budget of about Rs 30 crore.

Communication in hands reach

On July 31, 1995, the former Chief Minister of West Bengal, Jyoti Basu, and the then-Union Telecom Minister, Sukh Ram, had a handheld mobile phone conversation. Two of Nokia’s first mobile phones were utilised, marking a first for India.

The network itself, is a joint venture between Australia’s Telstra and India’s B.K. Modi Group, was basic by modern standards but totally unclogged.

Buddha smiled again

Five nuclear bombs were successfully underground tested by India on May 11, 1998; these tests, known as “Pokhran-II,” were conducted in Pokhran, Rajasthan.

This day was designated as “National Technology Day” by our then-prime minister, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, in order to support a growing democracy’s technological advancement. Each year, it is celebrated.

Decade of 2000s

Rise of tejas.

The Tejas light combat aircraft, which was created domestically, made its first flight on January 4. Tejas has now been incorporated into the Air Force and the Navy. Tejas was designed by DRDO’s Aeronautical Development Agency and produced by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.

A giant leap for India

On a PSLV rocket, ISRO launched Chandrayaan 1, its first lunar lander, on October 22, 2008. An orbiter and an impactor probe were part of Chandrayaan 1, India’s first lunar mission.

The mission’s greatest accomplishment, besides becoming India the fourth country to plant a flag on the moon, was the identification of abundant water molecules in the lunar soil.

When the ocean got new friends

Under the Advanced Technology Vessel project, a DAE and DRDO partnership that started in the 1990s, nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines of the Arihant class were created.

The ballistic missile submarine Arihant is the first to have been constructed by a nation other than one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council.

Decade of the 2010s

A voyage to mars.

On November 5, 2013, ISRO launched a spacecraft to Mars called the Mars Orbiter Mission, or Mangalyaan. On its maiden attempt, ISRO becomes the fourth space agency to send a spacecraft into Martian orbit and the first one to do so on its maiden voyage.

Annihilating a menace in India

India was home to almost 60% of all polio cases in the world in 1994. Within 20 years, polio was eradicated thanks to the government’s concerted effort to immunize every child. The World Health Organization (WHO) certified India as “Polio-free” on March 27, 2014.

Strong policy, devoted healthcare professionals, and front-line and community workers all contributed to the success of this immunization campaign.

The education of those in underdeveloped and rural sections of the nation who were reluctant to get immunized by raising awareness of its advantages and benefits was a significant component of this program.

The search for a cryogenic engine

In 2016, ISRO produces India’s first domestic cryogenic engine for its launch vehicle program after 20 years of research and development. This was started after the Russians refused to give ISRO, the technology.

Finding waves by India

The mathematical method created at the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics in Pune enabled the discovery of gravitational waves in September 2015 and June 2016 by the US-based Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory.

It turns out to be the most significant and sensitive technique for separating the extremely weak gravitational wave signal from the enormous quantity of additional astronomical noise that it is accompanied by.

Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology: Conclusion

How do we create useful information for a new future? By having a scientific disposition, or a scientific outlook on nature and society. It’s a good time to reflect on the past and look ahead to the future, 75 years after Independence.

What is obvious is that this crossroads is different from the one our country initially experienced when it was on its way.

Long way to go!

Article written by: Jis John Sebastian

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

# Trending Now on ClearIAS

Csat course.

Join CSAT Course

Current Affairs Course

Join Current Affairs Course

  • UPSC Prelims Test Series

Join Prelims Test Series

UPSC Prelims Marks Booster

Join Prelims Marks Booster

Join ClearIAS Courses!

What makes ClearIAS special: Explore ClearIAS Courses

About ClearIAS Team

ClearIAS is one of the most trusted online learning platforms in India for UPSC preparation. Around 1 million aspirants learn from the ClearIAS every month.

Our training methods are different from traditional coaching. We give special emphasis on smart work and personal mentorship. Many UPSC toppers thank ClearIAS for our role in their success.

Download the ClearIAS mobile apps now to supplement your self-study efforts with ClearIAS smart-study training.

Reader Interactions

Leave a reply cancel reply.

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Don’t lose out without playing the right game!

Follow the ClearIAS Prelims cum Mains (PCM) Integrated Approach.

Join ClearIAS PCM Course Now

UPSC Online Preparation

  • Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
  • Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
  • Indian Police Service (IPS)
  • IAS Exam Eligibility
  • UPSC Free Study Materials
  • UPSC Exam Guidance
  • UPSC Syllabus
  • UPSC Online
  • UPSC Prelims
  • UPSC Interview
  • UPSC Toppers
  • UPSC Previous Year Qns
  • UPSC Age Calculator
  • UPSC Calendar 2024
  • About ClearIAS
  • ClearIAS Programs
  • ClearIAS Fee Structure
  • IAS Coaching
  • UPSC Coaching
  • UPSC Online Coaching
  • ClearIAS Blog
  • Important Updates
  • Announcements
  • Book Review
  • ClearIAS App
  • Work with us
  • Advertise with us
  • Privacy Policy
  • Terms and Conditions
  • Talk to Your Mentor

Featured on

ClearIAS Featured in The Hindu

and many more...

Admissions Open: UPSC PCM 2025

Thank You 🙌

essay on technology upsc

  • Essay On Technology

Essay on Technology

500+ words essay on technology.

The word technology comes from the two Greek words, ‘techne’ and ‘logos’. Techne means art, skills, or craft, and Logos means a word, saying, or expression that expresses inward thought. Thus, technology means the skill to convey an idea to reach a goal. But nowadays, the term technology mainly signifies the knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, and organisation methods to solve a problem. Today, technological advancement has provided the human race with the ability to control and adapt to their natural environment. In this Essay on Technology, students will know the importance of technology, its advantages and disadvantages and the future of technology.

How Has Technology Changed Our Lives?

Various innovations and development took place in the field of technology which has made a significant impact on our lives in different ways. With the invention of technology, we become more powerful. We have the ability to transform the environment, extend our lifetime, create big and interconnected societies and even explore various new things about the universe. Today, we use technology from morning to evening, from the simplest nail cutter to television and personal laptop. Technology has touched all aspects of our lives, whether it is mobile phones, kettles, kitchen microwaves, electric cookers, television, water heaters, remote control, fridge, and other larger communication systems such as internet facilities, railways, air routes, and so on. Thus, technology plays an extremely crucial role in the lives of human beings.

Advantages of Technology

The advancement in technology has made our lives easier, more comfortable and enjoyable. It has reduced the effort and time required to complete a task, thus enhancing the quality and efficiency of work. Technology has become a part of our life and benefited us in many ways. Today, we can communicate with people living in any city or country. Communication has become much faster and easier as we are just a click away from people. In education, technology has played a vital role, especially during the COVID-19 breakdown period. It has brought virtual and online classes for students and teachers across the globe to share knowledge, ideas and resources online. Moreover, technology has made it easier for students to understand complex concepts with the help of virtualisation, graphics, 3D animation and diagrams.

Technology is considered to be the driving force behind improvements in the medical and healthcare field. Modern machines have helped doctors to perform operations successfully. Due to technology, the lifespan of the common person has increased. There are many more sectors, such as banking, automation, automobile, and various industries, where technology is making significant changes and helping us.

Disadvantages of Technology

Although we have so many advantages of technology, there are also disadvantages. Robots and machines have taken over the job of many people. Instead of bringing people together, technology has made them socially isolated. People now spend most of their time on smartphones or computers rather than interacting with other people. Technology in education has reduced the intellectual and analytical ability of students. It is like spoon-feeding to students as they don’t have the reasoning and aptitude skills to think differently. Technology has raised the issue of internet privacy. So, one has to be very careful while using banking passwords to make online transactions.

Future of Technology

The future of technology seems to be exciting but also scary. Futuristic predictions in technology can dish out some exciting or scary visions for the future of machines and science. Technology will either enhance or replace the products and activities that are near and dear to us. The answer to our technological dilemma about what will be the upcoming technological innovation in the future is not surprising. In the past, technology was mainly focused on retaining more information and efficient processing, but in the future, it will be based on industrial robots, artificial intelligence, machine learning, etc.

Technology alone cannot help in building a better world. The collateral collaboration of machines and human effort is required for the progress and prosperity of the nation. We need to develop a more robust management system for the efficient functioning of technology.

Practise CBSE Essays on more topics to improve the writing section. Students can get the latest updates on CBSE/ICSE/State Board/Competitive Exams at BYJU’S website. They can also download the BYJU’S App for interactive study videos.

Frequently Asked Questions on Technology Essay

What is the simple definition of technology.

The real-time application of science and knowledge is how technology can be defined in simple terms.

Which country is ranked first in technological advancement?

Finland ranks top in technological advancement ahead of the USA according to the UNDP.

Why is the development of technology important?

Technology has now become an important part of our lives and thus technical and technological advancements are essential to take us forward in all aspects.

Leave a Comment Cancel reply

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Request OTP on Voice Call

Post My Comment

essay on technology upsc

  • Share Share

Register with BYJU'S & Download Free PDFs

Register with byju's & watch live videos.



Live Support


  1. Technology Essay Introduction Free Essay Example

    essay on technology upsc

  2. Write a short essay on Contribution of Technology in Education

    essay on technology upsc

  3. Essay on Technology in English // Write short essay on Technology in

    essay on technology upsc

  4. Calaméo

    essay on technology upsc

  5. UPSC 2015 Mains Question Papers

    essay on technology upsc

  6. Essay on Technology

    essay on technology upsc


  1. UPSC ESSAY 2023 EXPLANATION. #uppcs #bpsc #upsc #essay

  2. UPSC essay strategy #ias #upsc #essay #csir #shorts

  3. You Need THIS to Ace the UPSC Essay #upsc #upscmains #essay

  4. What is The Problematic Part of Technology? UPSC interview #shorts

  5. UPSC Essay

  6. UPSC Essay Writing Tips


  1. 5G in India: Roll Out, Advantages and Challenges

    5G technology is in news for a long time. Hence, it is important to understand the technicalities, advantages, and disadvantages of the technologies. Read here to know about 5G. The fifth-generation mobile network is popularly known as 5G. 5G is the next level of mobile network that will shape the Fourth Industrial Revolution, or Industrial 4.0.

  2. Artificial Intelligence

    The year 2022 brought Artificial Intelligence (AI) into the mainstream through widespread familiarity with applications of Generative Pre-Training Transformer (GPT). The most popular application is OpenAI's ChatGPT. The widespread interest and fascination surrounding ChatGPT have contributed to its recognition as a prominent example of AI technology among consumers.

  3. In Depth

    AI in China. China has been consistently building an ecosystem to fuel its ambition to become a world leader in AI by the year 2050. A report on China AI development released in the year 2018 said that from the year 2013 to the first quarter of the year 2018, the investment and financing in AI technology in China accounts for 60% in the world valued at 27 billion dollars in the year 2017.

  4. Essay on Technology for Students in English

    Essay on Technology: Technology has made everything reachable at our fingertips. With the rapid growth in internet and mobile communications, the world has become a small place to live. The culmination of engineering, pure and applied scientific knowledge, has created a rapid series of growth processes and techniques.

  5. Science & Technology

    Previous Years' Question Papers-Mains; UPSC CSE Syllabus; Booklist; FAQs; Toppers. Toppers from Insights IAS; Testimonials; Felicitation; UPSC Results; ... Science & Technology. Biotechnology; Space Technology; Nuclear Technology; Defence Technology; ... revolutionised and simplified the way aspirants prepare for UPSC Civil Services Exam. Today ...

  6. Technology Essay UPSC, Essay about Effects of Technology, Science and

    "Technology, when misused, poisons air, soil, water and lives. But a world without technology would be prey to something worse: the impersonal ruthlessness of the natural order, in which the health of a species depends on relentless sacrifice of the weak. " The fastest growing network of Google is not too far away from this destructive activity.

  7. 5G Technology

    5G is expected to create a cumulative economic impact of $1 trillion in India by 2035, according to a report by a government-appointed panel. According to a separate report by telecom gear maker Ericsson, 5G-enabled digitalization revenue potential in India will be above $27 billion by 2026. Additionally, global telecom industry GSMA has ...

  8. UPSC Essay Topics

    Here are some UPSC Essay Topics on Science and Technology: Deglobalisation is good for the world. Science is organised Knowledge. Wisdom is Organised life. Technology is a Weapon against Poverty. Prioritising Education Technology for Global Growth. Technology is the silent factor in International Relations.

  9. Essay Paper UPSC 2021 (Mains): Question Paper and Analysis

    UPSC conducted the Essay Paper, as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2021 on 07-01-2022. There were 8 Essay topics, out of which candidates were asked to write on two topics in 3 hours. Candidates were supposed to answer about 1000 words for each essay (about 10-12 pages).

  10. Science & technology

    India's journey in the field of nuclear science and technology began with the formation of Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) in 1954. The aim was to harness nuclear resources for peaceful purposes. India had to surpass the obstacle of technology denial by capable nations. In this background three-stage nuclear power programme was formulated ...

  11. UPSC Essay Topics From Last 25 Years

    In this article, we have listed all the essay topics asked in the UPSC mains exam from 1994 to 2018. We have also classified the last 25 years essay questions into topics to make your preparation easier. Latest - See the UPSC Essay Topics in the IAS Mains 2020 Essay Paper. Download UPSC Mains 2020 Essay Paper from the linked article.

  12. Science & Technology Notes For UPSC Exam And IAS Exam

    27. 28. 29. Science and Technology notes for UPSC IAS exam (Prelims and Mains); Byju's exclusive notes for important topics in Science and Tech for IAS preparation. Download free pdfs of UPSC notes. Find Science and Technology Books for UPSC by reading the article. For UPSC 2023 preparation, follow BYJU'S.


    WEEKLY UPSC IAS ESSAY WRITING CHALLENGES - 2016. (December 25, 2016) - Cooperative federalism: Myth or reality. (December 18, 2016) - Innovation is the key determinant of economic growth and social welfare. (December 11, 2016) - Near jobless growth in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms.

  14. Technology missions

    A Technology Mission includes projects that have well-defined objectives, scopes, and implementation timelines to aid the technological advancements in the country. These missions were first proposed by Rajiv Gandhi-led government in 1987 as an offshoot of the Seventh Plan in the fields of literacy, immunization, oilseeds, drinking water, dairy ...

  15. UPSC Science and Technology Questions for Mains Exam

    Science and Technology is an integral part of UPSC Mains GS Paper 3 of CSE. Students should have a deep understanding of the topics related to science and technology for UPSC exam preparation. 📌 Students Should Keep in Mind: Mains are an important step in the UPSC Ladder, and these papers are not easy to crack!

  16. Technical Revolution in India

    Download the App Technical Revolution in India structure (1) Opening — Present scenario. (2) Body — Agriculture. * New varieties * Biotechnology & Genetic engineering — Animal Husbandry. * Embryo implantation, genetic engineering, cross breeding * Better feed and fodder — Operation flood. — Oil seed revolution. — Aquaculture.

  17. Model Essays

    Reach Us 641, 1 st Floor, Mukherjee Nagar, Delhi-110009 ; 21, Pusa Rd, WEA, Karol Bagh, Delhi-110005 13/15, Tashkent Marg, Civil Lines, Prayagraj, UP-211001

  18. Science and Technology in India, Progress, Achievements

    Science and technology have played a pivotal role in shaping India's modern identity and driving its socio-economic development. With a rich history dating back centuries, India has made significant strides in recent years, positioning itself as a global player in the field of science and technology. Science and Technology in India

  19. Information and Technology

    ICT stands for Information and Communication Technology. The term gives a broader meaning to Information Technology (IT). IT refers to all communication technologies that are the tools to access, retrieve, store, transmit and modify information digitally. Under UPSC Mains GS 3 syllabus, the topic 'ICT' can be prepared in alignment with the ...

  20. Essay on Technology cannot replace Manpower

    Essay on Technology cannot replace Manpower July 6, 2019 by Sandeep The world in which we are living is full of technology. Technology is a contribution of human being, and this technology is helping us today by making our work easier. Our grandfathers have witnessed all these changes.

  21. Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology

    ClearIAS is one of the most trusted online learning platforms in India for UPSC preparation. Around 1 million aspirants learn from the ClearIAS every month. Our training methods are different from traditional coaching. We give special emphasis on smart work and personal mentorship. Many UPSC toppers thank ClearIAS for our role in their success.

  22. 5G Technology

    GS Paper - 3 IT & Computers Scientific Innovations & Discoveries Why in News Recently, the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) has sought inputs from telecom companies and other industry experts on the sale and use of radio frequency spectrum over the next 10 years, including the 5G (Fifth Generation) bands. Key Points Features of 5G Technology:

  23. Call for Papers: The Third International Conference on Applications of

    Contributors interested in submitting papers for the conference should choose one of the themes and topics listed below: Advances in radiation chemistry, radiation science and technology. Radiation-modified advanced materials: from fundamentals to applications. Radiation and nuclear technology for imaging and preservation of cultural heritage.

  24. Essay on Technology For Students In English

    In this Essay on Technology, students will know the importance of technology, its advantages and disadvantages and the future of technology. How Has Technology Changed Our Lives? Various innovations and development took place in the field of technology which has made a significant impact on our lives in different ways.