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Essay Topics on Racism: 150 Ideas for Analysis and Discussion

essay topics on racism

Here’s a list of 150 essay ideas on racism to help you ace a perfect paper. The subjects are divided based on what you require!

Before we continue with the list of essay topics on racism, let's remember the definition of racism. In brief, it's a complex prejudice and a form of discrimination based on race. It can be done by an individual, a group, or an institution. If you belong to a racial or ethnic group, you are facing being in the minority. As it's usually caused by the group in power, there are many types of racism, including socio-cultural racism, internal racism, legal racism, systematic racism, interpersonal racism, institutional racism, and historical racism. You can also find educational or economic racism as there are many sub-sections that one can encounter.

150 Essay Topics on Racism to Help You Ace a Perfect Essay

General Recommendations

The subject of racism is one of the most popular among college students today because you can discuss it regardless of your academic discipline. Even though we are dealing with technical progress and the Internet, the problem of racism is still there. The world may go further and talk about philosophical matters, yet we still have to face them and explore the challenges. It makes it even more difficult to find a good topic that would be unique and inspiring. As a way to help you out, we have collected 150 racism essay topics that have been chosen by our experts. We recommend you choose something that motivates you and narrow things down a little bit to make your writing easier.

Why Choose a Topic on Racial Issues? 

When we explore racial issues, we are not only seeking the most efficient solutions but also reminding ourselves about the past and the mistakes that we should never make again. It is an inspirational type of work as we all can change the world. If you cannot choose a topic that inspires you, think about recent events, talk about your friend, or discuss something that has happened in your local area. Just take your time and think about how you can make the world a safer and better place.

The Secrets of a Good Essay About Racism 

The secret to writing a good essay on racism is not only stating that racism is bad but by exploring the origins and finding a solution. You can choose a discipline and start from there. For example, if you are a nursing student, talk about the medical principles and responsibilities where every person is the same. Talk about how it has not always been this way and discuss the methods and the famous theorists who have done their best to bring equality to our society. Keep your tone inspiring, explore, and tell a story with a moral lesson in the end. Now let’s explore the topic ideas on racism!

General Essay Topics On Racism 

As we know, no person is born a racist since we are not born this way and it cannot be considered a biological phenomenon. Since it is a practice that is learned and a social issue, the general topics related to racism may include socio-cultural, philosophical, and political aspects as you can see below. Here are the ideas that you should consider as you plan to write an essay on racial issues:

  • Are we born with racial prejudice? 
  • Can racism be unlearned? 
  • The political constituent of the racial prejudice and the colonial past? 
  • The humiliation of the African continent and the control of power. 
  • The heritage of the Black Lives Matter movement and its historical origins. 
  • The skin color issue and the cultural perceptions of the African Americans vs Mexican Americans. 
  • The role of social media in the prevention of racial conflicts in 2022 . 
  • Martin Luther King Jr. and his role in modern education. 
  • Konrad Lorenz and the biological perception of the human race. 
  • The relation of racial issues to nazism and chauvinism.

The Best Racism Essay Topics 

School and college learners often ask about what can be considered the best essay subject when asked to write on racial issues. Essentially, you have to talk about the origins of racism and provide a moral lesson with a solution as every person can be a solid contribution to the prevention of hatred and racial discrimination.

  • The schoolchildren's example and the attitude to the racial conflicts. 
  • Perception of racism in the United States versus Germany. 
  • The role of the scouting movement as a way to promote equality in our society. 
  •  Social justice and the range of opportunities that African American individuals could receive during the 1960s.
  •  The workplace equality and the negative perception of the race when the documents are being filed. 
  •  The institutional racism and the sources of the legislation that has paved the way for injustice. 
  •  Why should we talk to the children about racial prejudice and set good examples ? 
  •  The role of anthropology in racial research during the 1990s in the USA. 
  •  The Black Poverty phenomenon and the origins of the Black Culture across the globe. 
  •  The controversy of Malcolm X’s personality and his transition from anger to peacemaking.

Shocking Racism Essay Ideas 

Unfortunately, there are many subjects that are not easy to deal with when you are talking about the most horrible sides of racism. Since these subjects are sensitive, dealing with the shocking aspects of this problem should be approached with a warning in your introduction part so your readers know what to expect. As a rule, many medical and forensic students will dive into the issue, so these topic ideas are still relevant:

  • The prejudice against wearing a hoodie. 
  •  The racial violence in Western Africa and the crimes by the Belgian government. 
  •  The comparison of homophobic beliefs and the link to racial prejudice. 
  •  Domestic violence and the bias towards the cases based on race. 
  •  Racial discrimination in the field of the sex industry. 
  •  Slavery in the Middle East and the modern cultural perceptions. 
  •  Internal racism in the United States: why the black communities keep silent. 
  •  Racism in the American schools: the bias among the teachers. 
  •  Cyberbullying and the distorted image of the typical racists . 
  •  The prisons of Apartheid in South Africa.

Light and Simple Ideas Regarding Racism

If you are a high-school learner or a first-year college student, your essay on racism may not have to represent complex research with a dozen of sources. Here are some good ideas that are light and simple enough to provide you with inspiration and the basic points to follow:

  • My first encounter with racial prejudice. 
  •  Why do college students are always in the vanguard of social campaigns? 
  •  How are the racial issues addressed by my school? 
  •  The promotion of the African-American culture is a method to challenge prejudice and stereotypes. 
  • The history of blues music and the Black culture of the blues in the United States.
  • The role of slavery in the Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain. 
  •  School segregation in the United States during the 1960s. 
  •  The negative effect of racism on the mental health of a person. 
  •  The advocacy of racism in modern society . 
  •  The heritage of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” and the modern perception of the historical issues.

Interesting Topics on Racism For an Essay 

Contrary to the popular belief, when you have to talk about the cases of racial prejudice, you will also encounter many interesting essay topic ideas. As long as these are related to your main academic course, you can explore them. Here are some great ideas to consider:

  • Has the perception of Michael Jackson changed because of his skin transition? 
  •  The perception of racial problems by the British Broadcasting Corporation. 
  •  The role of the African American influencers on Instagram. 
  •  The comparison between the Asian students and the Mexican learners in the USA. 
  •  Latin culture and the similarities when compared to the Black culture with its peculiarities. 
  •  The racial impact in the “Boy In The Stripped Pajamas”. 
  •  Can we eliminate racism completely and how exactly, considering the answer is “Yes”? 
  •  Scientific research of modern racism and social media campaigns. 
  •  Why do some people believe that the Black Lives Matter movement is controversial? 
  • Male vs female challenges in relation to racial attitudes.

Argumentative Essay Topics About Race 

An argumentative type of writing requires making a clear statement or posing an assumption that will deal with a particular question. As we are dealing with racial prejudice or theories, it is essential to support your writing with at least one piece of evidence to make sure that you can support your opinion and stand for it as you write. Here are some good African American argumentative essay examples of topics and other ideas to consider:

  •  Racism is a mental disorder and cannot be treated with words alone. 
  •  Analysis of the traumatic experiences based on racial prejudice. 
  •  African-American communities and the sense of being inferior are caused by poverty. 
  •  Reading the memoirs of famous people that describe racial issues often provides a distorted image through the lens of a single person. 
  •  There is no academic explanation of racism since every case is different and is often based on personal perceptions. 
  •  The negatives of the post-racial perception as the latent system that advocates racism. 
  •  The link of racial origins to the concept of feminism and gender inequality. 
  •  The military bias and the merits that are earned by the African-American soldiers. 
  •  The media causes a negative image of the Latin and Mexican youth in the United States. 
  •  Does racism exist in kindergarten and why the youngsters do not think about racial prejudice?

Racism Research Paper Topics 

Dealing with The Black Lives Matter essay , you should focus on those aspects of racism that are not often discussed or researched by the media. You can take a particular case study or talk about the reasons why the BLM social campaign has started and whether the timing has been right. Here are some interesting racism topics for research paper that you should consider:

  • The link of criminal offenses to race is an example of the primary injustice .  
  • The socio-emotional burdens of slavery that one can trace among the representatives of the African-American population. 
  • Study of the cardio-vascular diseases among the American youth: a comparison of the Caucasian and Latin representatives. 
  • The race and the politics: dealing with the racial issues and the Trump administration analysis. 
  • The best methods to achieve medical equality for all people: where race has no place to be. 
  • The perception of racism by the young children: the negative side of trying to educate the youngsters. 
  • Racial prejudice in the UK vs the United States: analysis of the core differences. 
  • The prisons in the United States: why do the Blacks constitute the majority? 
  • The culture of Voodoo and the slavery: the link between the occult practices.
  • The native American people and the African Americans: the common woes they share.

Racism in Culture Topics 

Racism topics for essay in culture are always upon the surface because we can encounter them in books, popular political shows, movies, social media, and more. The majority of college students often ignore this aspect because things easily become confusing since one has to take a stand and explain the point. As a way to help you a little bit, we have collected several cultural racism topic ideas to help you start:

  • The perception of wealth by the Black community: why it differs when researched through the lens of past poverty?  
  • The rap music and the cultural constituent of the African-American community. 
  • The moral constituent of the political shows where racial jargon is being used. 
  • Why the racial jokes on television are against the freedom of speech?  
  • The ways how the modern media promotes racism by stirring up the conflict and actually doing harm. 
  • The isolated cases of racism and police violence in the United States as portrayed by the movies. 
  • Playing with the Black musicians: the history of jazz in the United States. 
  • The social distancing and the perception of isolation by the different races. 
  • The cultural multitude in the cartoons by the Disney Corporations: the pros and cons.
  • From assimilation to genocide: can the African American child make it big without living through the cultural bias?

Racism Essay Ideas in Literature 

One of the best ways to study racism is by reading the books by those who have been through it on their own or by studying the explorations by those who can write emotionally and fight for racial equality where racism has no place to be. Keeping all of these challenges in mind, our experts suggest turning to the books as you can explore racism in the literature by focusing on those who are against it and discussing the cases in the classic literature that are quite controversial.

  • The racial controversy of Ernest Hemingway's writing.  
  • The personal attitude of Mark Twain towards slavery and the cultural peculiarities of the times. 
  • The reasons why "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee book has been banned in libraries. 
  • The "Hate You Give" by Angie Thomas and the analysis of the justified and "legit" racism. 
  • Is the poetry by the gangsta rap an example of hidden racism? 
  • Maya Angelou and her timeless poetry. 
  • The portrayal of xenophobia in modern English language literature. 
  • What can we learn from the "Schilder's List" screenplay as we discuss the subject of genocide? 
  • Are there racial elements in "Othello" or Shakespeare's creation is beyond the subject?
  • Kate Chopin's perception of inequality in "Desiree's Baby".

Racism in Science Essay Ideas 

Racism is often studied by scientists because it's not only a cultural point or a social agenda that is driven by personal inferiority and similar factors of mental distortion. Since we can talk about police violence and social campaigns, it is also possible to discuss things through different disciplines. Think over these racism thesis statement ideas by taking a scientific approach and getting a common idea explained:

  • Can physical trauma become a cause for a different perception of race? 
  • Do we inherit racial intolerance from our family members and friends? 
  • Can a white person assimilate and become a part of the primarily Black community? 
  • The people behind the concept of Apartheid: analysis of the critical factors. 
  • Can one prove the fact of the physical damage of the racial injustice that lasted through the years? 
  • The bond between mental diseases and the slavery heritage among the Black people. 
  • Should people carry the blame for the years of social injustice? 
  • How can we explain the metaphysics of race? 
  • What do the different religions tell us about race and the best ways to deal with it? 
  • Ethnic prejudices based on age, gender, and social status vs general racism.

Cinema and Race Topics to Write About 

As a rule, the movies are also a great source for writing an essay on racial issues. Remember to provide the basic information about the movie or include examples with the quotations to help your readers understand all the major points that you make. Here are some ideas that are worth your attention:

  • The negative aspect of the portrayal of racial issues by Hollywood.  
  • Should the disturbing facts and the graphic violence be included in the movies about slavery? 
  • Analysis of the "Green Mile" movie and the perception of equality in our society.  
  • The role of music and culture in the "Django Unchained" movie. 
  • The "Ghosts of Mississippi" and the social aspect of the American South compared to how we perceive it today. 
  • What can we learn from the "Malcolm X" movie created by Spike Lee? 
  • "I am Not Your Negro" movie and the role of education through the movies. 
  • "And the Children Shall Lead" the movie as an example that we are not born racist. 
  • Do we really have the "Black Hollywood" concept in reality? 
  • Do the movies about racial issues only cause even more racial prejudice?

Race and Ethnic Relations 

Another challenging problem is the internal racism and race and ethnicity essay topics that we can observe not only in the United States but all over the world as well. For example, the Black people in the United States and the representatives of the rap music culture will divide themselves between the East Coast and the West Coast where far more than cultural differences exist. The same can be encountered in Afghanistan or in Belgium. Here are some essay topics on race and ethnicity idea samples to consider:

  • The racial or the ethnic conflict? What can we learn from Afghan society? 
  • Religious beliefs divide us based on ethnicity . 
  • What are the major differences between ethnic and racial conflicts? 
  • Why we are able to identify the European Black person and the Black coming from the United States? 
  • Racism and ethnicity's role in sports. 
  • How can an ethnic conflict be resolved with the help of anti-racial methods? 
  • The medical aspect of being an Asian in the United States. 
  • The challenges of learning as an African American person during the 1950s. 
  • The role of the African American people in the Vietnam war and their perception by the locals. 
  • Ethnicity's role in South Africa as the concept of Apartheid has been formed.

Biology and Racial Issues 

If you are majoring in Biology or would like to research this side of the general issue of race, it is essential to think about how we can fight racism in practice by turning to healthcare or the concepts that are historical in their nature. Although we cannot explain slavery per se other than by turning to economics and the rule of power that has no justification, biologists believe that racial challenges can be approached by their core beliefs as well.

  • Can we create an isolated non-racist society in 2022? 
  • If we assume that a social group has never heard of racism, can it occur? 
  • The physical versus cultural differences in the racial inequality cases? 
  • The biological peculiarities of the different races? 
  • Do we carry the cultural heritage of our race? 
  • Interracial marriage through the lens of Biology. 
  • The origins of the racial concept and its evolution. 
  • The core ways how slavery has changed the African-American population. 
  • The linguistic peculiarities of the Latin people. 
  • The resistance of the different races towards vaccination.

Modern Racism Topics to Consider 

In case you would like to deal with a modern subject that deals with racism, you can go beyond the famous Black Lives Matter movement by focusing on the cases of racism in sports or talking about the peacemakers or the famous celebrities who have made a solid difference in the elimination of racism.

  • The Global Citizen campaign is a way to eliminate racial differences. 
  • The heritage of Aretha Franklin and her take on the racial challenges. 
  • The role of the Black Stars in modern society: the pros and cons. 
  • Martin Luther King Day in the modern schools. 
  • How can Instagram help to eliminate racism? 
  • The personality of Michelle Obama as a fighter for peace. 
  • Is a society without racism a utopian idea? 
  • How can comic books help youngsters understand equality? 
  • The controversy in the death of George Floyd. 
  • How can we break down the stereotypes about Mexicans in the United States?

Racial Discrimination Essay Ideas 

If your essay should focus on racial discrimination, you should think about the environment and the type of prejudice that you are facing. For example, it can be in school or at the workplace, at the hospital, or in a movie that you have attended. Here are some discrimination topics research paper ideas that will help you to get started:

  • How can a schoolchild report the case of racism while being a minor?  
  • The discrimination against women's rights during the 1960s. 
  • The employment problem and the chances of the Latin, Asian, and African American applicants. 
  • Do colleges implement a certain selection process against different races? 
  • How can discrimination be eliminated via education? 
  • African-American challenges in sports. 
  • The perception of discrimination, based on racial principles and the laws in the United States. 
  • How can one report racial comments on social media? 
  • Is there discrimination against white people in our society? 
  • Covid-19 and racial discrimination: the lessons we have learned.

Find Even More Essay Topics On Racism by Visiting Our Site 

If you are unsure about what to write about, you can always find an essay on racism by visiting our website. Offering over 150 topic ideas, you can always get in touch with our experts and find another one!

5 Tips to Make Your Essay Perfect

  • Start your essay on racial issues by narrowing things down after you choose the general topic. 
  • Get your facts straight by checking the dates, the names, opinions from both sides of an issue, etc. 
  • Provide examples if you are talking about the general aspects of racism. 
  • Do not use profanity and show due respect even if you are talking about shocking things. The same relates to race and ethnic relations essay topics that are based on religious conflicts. Stay respectful! 
  • Provide references and citations to avoid plagiarism and to keep your ideas supported by at least one piece of evidence.

Recommendations to Help You Get Inspired

Speaking of recommended books and articles to help you start with this subject, you should check " The Ideology of Racism: Misusing Science to Justify Racial Discrimination " by William H. Tucker who is a professor of social sciences at Rutgers University. Once you read this great article, think about the poetry by Maya Angelou as one of the best examples to see the practical side of things.

The other recommendations worth checking include:

- How to be Anti-Racist by Ibram X. Kendi . - White Fragility by Robin Diangelo . - So You Want to Talk About Race by Ijeoma Oluo .

The Final Word 

We sincerely believe that our article has helped you to choose the perfect essay subject to stir your writing skills. If you are still feeling stuck and need additional help, our team of writers can assist you in the creation of any essay based on what you would like to explore. You can get in touch with our skilled experts anytime by contacting our essay service for any race and ethnicity topics. Always confidential and plagiarism-free, we can assist you and help you get over the stress!

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40+ Argumentative Essay Topics on Racism Worth Exploring

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by  Antony W

April 21, 2023

Argumentative Essay Topics on Racism

The first step to write an essay on racism is to select the right topic to explore.

You then have to take a stance based on your research and use evidence to defend your position.

Even in a sensitive issue of racial discrimination, you have to consider the counterarguments highly likely to arise and address them accordingly. 

The goal of this list post is to give you some topic ideas that you can consider and explore.   We’ve put together 30+ topic ideas, so it should be easy to find an interesting issue to explore.

What is Racism?  

Racism is the conviction that we can credit capacities and qualities to individuals based on their race, color, ethnicity, or national origin. It can take the form of prejudice, hatred, and discrimination, and it can happen in any place and at any time.

Racism goes beyond the act of harassment and abuse. It stretches further to violence, intimidation, and exclusion from important group activities.

This act of judgment, prejudice, and discrimination easily reveal itself in the way we interact with people and our attitude towards them.

Some forms of racism , like looking at a person’s place of origin through a list of job applications, may not be obvious, but they play a part in preventing people or particular group from enjoying the dignity and equality of the benefits of life simply because they are different.

Argumentative Essay Topics on Racism  

  • Is racism a type of mental illness in the modern society?
  • Barrack Obama’s legacy hasn’t helped to improve the situation of racism in the United States of America
  • The women’s movement of the 1960s did NOT unite black and white women
  • Will racism eventually disappear on its own?
  • Is there a cure for racism?
  • There’s no sufficient evidence to prove that Mexicans are racists
  • Is the difference in skin color the cause of racism in the western world?
  • Racism isn’t in everyone’s heart
  • Racism is a toxic global disease
  • Will the human race ever overcome racial prejudice and discrimination?
  • Can a racist be equally cruel?
  • Should racism be a criminal offense punishable by death without the possibility of parole?
  • Are racists more principled than those who are not?
  • Can poor upbringing cause a person to become a racist?
  • Is it a crime if you’re a racist?
  • Can racism lead to another World War?
  • The government can’t stop people from being racists
  • Cultural diversity can cure racism
  • All racists in the world have psychological problems and therefore need medical attention
  • Can the government put effective measures in place to stop its citizens from promoting racism?
  • Can a racist president rule a country better than a president who is not a racist?
  • Should white and black people have equal rights?
  • Can cultural diversity breed racism?
  • Is racism a bigger threat to the human race?
  • Racism is common among adults than it is among children
  • Should white people enjoy more human rights than black people should?
  • Is the disparity in the healthcare system a form of racial discrimination?
  • Racial discrimination is a common thing in the United States of America
  • Film industries should be regulated to help mitigate racism
  • Disney movies should be banned for promoting racism
  • Should schools teach students to stand against racism?
  • Should parents punish their children for manifesting racist traits?
  • Is racism the root of all evil?
  • Can dialogue resolve the issue of racism?
  • Is the seed of racism sown in our children during childhood?
  • Do anti-racist movements help to unite people of different colors and race to fight racism?
  • Do religious doctrines promote racism?
  • There are no psychological health risks associated with racism
  • Can movements such as Black Lives Matter stop racism in America?
  • Do anti-racist movements help people to improve their self-esteem?
  • Racism is against religious beliefs
  • Can teaching children to treat each other equally help to promote an anti-racist world?

We understand that racism is such a controversial topic. However, it’s equally an interesting area to explore. If you wish to write an essay on racism but you have no idea where to start, you can pay for argumentative essay from Help for Assessment to do some custom writing for you.

If you hire Help for Assessment, our team will choose the most suitable topic based on your preference. In addition to conducting extensive research, we’ll choose a stance we can defend, and use strong evidence to demonstrate why your view on the subject is right. Get up to 15% discount here .

Is it Easy to Write an Argumentative Essay on Racism?

Racism is traumatic and a bad idea, and there must never be an excuse for it.

As controversial as the issue is, you can write an essay that explores this aspect and bring out a clear picture on why racism is such a bad idea altogether.

With that said, here’s a list of some argumentative essay topics on racism that you might want to consider for your next essay assignment.

How to Make Your Argumentative Essay on Racism Great 

The following are some useful writing tips that you can use to make your argumentative essay on racism stand out:

Examine the Historical Causes of Racism 

Try to dig deeper into the topic of racism by looking at historical causes of racial discrimination and prejudices.

Look at a number of credible sources to explore the connection between racism and salve trade, social developments, and politics.

Include these highlights in your essay to demonstrate that you researched widely on the topic before making your conclusion.

Demonstrate Critical Thinking 

Go the extra mile and talk about the things you believe people often leave out when writing argumentative essays on racism.

Consider why racial discrimination and prejudices are common in the society, their negative effects, and who benefits the most from racial policies.

Adding such information not only shows your instructor that you did your research but also understand the topic better.

Show the Relationship between Racism and Social Issues 

There’s no denying that racism has a strong connection with many types of social issues, including homophobia, slavery, and sexism.

Including these links, where necessary, and explaining them in details can make your essay more comprehensive and therefore worth reading.

related resources

  • Argumentative Essay Topics on Medicine
  • Argumentative Essay Topics About Animals
  • Music Argumentative Essay Topics
  • Social Media Argumentative Essay Topics
  • Technology Argumentative Essay Topics

About the author 

Antony W is a professional writer and coach at Help for Assessment. He spends countless hours every day researching and writing great content filled with expert advice on how to write engaging essays, research papers, and assignments.

110 Racism Essay Topics

Racism is an emotionally charged subject for many people, yet its historical and cultural impact cannot be understated. This makes racism topics one of the more challenging essays to compose. As the author, you run the risk of inflaming the reader when the goal is to connect with them in a way that generates awareness or potentially invites them to reexamine their opinion.

One of the best ways to compose an essay about a racist topic is to look for an idea that you can defend with valid arguments, research, and sound justifications. This is especially important if you are trying to persuade the reader to adopt your point of view.

Tips For Writing a Racism Topic Essay

The following tips and structural recommendations can help guide you through the process of writing a successful essay about racism. The process starts with thoroughly researching the topic at hand, which can be challenging if you already have a strong opinion about the topic. Though thoroughly research will better arm you to make a strong and well-supported argument.

Pay Attention

When writing an essay about a racist topic it is often best to use a third-person point of view. This makes it easier for you to present the argument objectively, while also reducing the risk of the reader becoming emotionally charged about the topic. If you need to offer up supporting facts in your argument, make sure to quote them directly. Be sure to include all key information including the name of the person or institution that provided the information. This makes it clear that you are not stating your own personal opinion or influence.

The structure of an essay on racism should follow the typical five-paragraph structure used by many successful essays. This includes an introduction with a strong thesis statement, as well as three supporting paragraphs in the body of the essay, and a strong conclusion. It’s important that each of the body paragraphs, each one should have its own distinct point and they should flow in a way that offers up evidence to support your opinion.


The introduction of your essay on racism should directly state the topic while also offering up a potential answer. Ideally, you want to address the reader directly to engage them in expanding their awareness of the topic or potentially reexamining their own point of view. It helps to use authoritative language without sounding inflammatory or derogatory. You want the reader to feel that you are talking to them not down at them.

The last sentence of two of your introduction needs to include a strong “Thesis Statement.” This should be a sentence or two that support the topic. It should also flow into the first point you will cover in the first body paragraph.

Body Paragraphs

The first paragraph of your racism essay needs to connect to the thesis statement while also offering supporting evidence. Ideally, you want to use a connecting phrase such as “One of the root causes of this,” or “New research indicates.” You then need to follow up this statement with an outside quote or a relevant, credible source. The end of your first body paragraph should also have a statement that leads to the second paragraph.

The second paragraph of your essay on racism should offer up a second supporting piece of evidence to clearly identify it as a separate entity. It’s best to use transition words at the start of the second paragraph such as “Next” “In addition,” or “Another cause is.” Then finish the second paragraph with a statement that helps it transition to your third point.

Your third body paragraph should also start with a transition phrase. This paragraph should also note the consequences that could arise if the racism topic is not addressed conscientiously. This paragraph should also end with a sentence or two that links to the conclusion.

The conclusion of your essay on racism needs to have an assertive tone without being aggressive. The goal is to win the reader over to your original thesis and include a “Call to action” or a “Call to Reexamine.” You want to invite the reader to consider the topic in an objective way that wins them over to your original point of view.

Choosing the right topic for your racism essay can be challenging. Such an emotionally charged genre can stir up feelings of controversy that have the potential to overwhelm the sound reasons behind it. If you are struggling to choose an essay topic, you might want to peruse the following list to see if there are one or two that you can connect with.

Historical Topics

  • Did President Obama’s legacy open the door for more African American Presidents in the future?
  • Is Michelle Obama one of the most beloved first ladies of all time?
  • The legacy of George Washington Carver.
  • Why do so many African American’s still bear their slave-owners’ last names?
  • The legacy of Malcolm X.
  • The legacy of Muhamad Ali.
  • Why is it easier for Bruce Jenner to change his name, but so hard for Cassius Clay?
  • The legacy of Native American boarding schools
  • General Custer’s folly.
  • The legacy left behind by Japanese internment camps.
  • Are white males being discriminated against due to the sins of their ancestors?
  • The legacy left by the murder of Emmitt Till?
  • Should Mamie Till be honored more during Black History Month?
  • Should the living descendants of freed slaves be paid reparations today?
  • Did unfettered alcoholism in the Mid-Atlantic South play a role in the brutality of slavery?
  • Should Sally Hemmings have been named a part of Thomas Jefferson’s estate?
  • Should the German people of today pay reparation to Israel for the Holocaust?
  • The lasting legacy of Harriet Tubman.
  • Does the infidelity of Martin Luther King Jr. diminish his historical legacy on the fight for racial justice?
  • Has the Diaspora strengthened or weakened the Armenia heritage & culture?
  • Did the sexual revolution of the 1960s help to bridge the gap between Caucasian and African American women?
  • Have the Tuskegee Airmen and other African American units in World War Two received the recognition they deserve?
  • Who were the most influential leaders of the Black Power movement?
  • Was European Colonialism and the Triangle Trade the driving force of racism in the New World?
  • Should Memorials & Statues of Confederate Leaders be torn down or preserved to immortalize the follies of the past?
  • How did Apartheid influence the economy of South Africa?
  • Do the works of Charles Darwin promote racism or dispel it?
  • If they had been alive during that time, do you think Southern Presidents of the United States like Thomas Jefferson would have supported the Confederacy during the Civil War?
  • Was Andrew Johnson’s failure to rebuild the South after the Civil War a root cause that kept racism alive.
  • Why was there such a delay in making Juneteenth a Federally recognized holiday?

Current Cultural Racism Topics

  • Does change the names of sports franchises like Washington DC’s football team, and Cleveland baseball team dimmish the historical legacy of their franchises?
  • Does African American’s using the “N-Word” keep the slur alive in our modern vernacular.
  • Is Dave Chapelle a racist, activist, or just an entertainer?
  • Should Richard Pryor be remembered during black history month?
  • Should violence against Jewish people be considered a hate crime?
  • Is the Confederate Flag a symbol of racism or a historical relic?
  • Was the Dukes of Hazard a racist TV series?
  • Has the legacy of George Floyd helped reduce incidents of police brutality?
  • Do protests on racial injustice go too far when community looting and arson occur?
  • Should the descendants of Native Hawaiians be given the same rights & land as Native Americans on the Mainland?
  • Was OJ Simpson’s acquittal in the murder of Nicole Brown influenced by his race?
  • Did the murder of George Floyd replace the legacy of the Rodney King riots of 1992?
  • Should slander remarks made about Jewish people be classified as “Hate Speech.”
  • Is toxic black masculinity real?
  • Are ethnic foodways discriminated against to the same degree as differences in ethnicity?

Sports & Athletics

  • The impact of Jackie Robinson’s legacy on professional sports.
  • Should college coaches who have a history of mistreating players based on their race be banned from employment in professional sports?
  • The majority of football, baseball, and basketball players are of African American descent, yet there is only a small percentage of minority coaches in the major sports, why?
  • Is enough being done to create pipelines for people of color to hold executive positions in professional sports?
  • Should the song Lift Every Voice & Sing be sung at all major sporting events along with the US National anthem?
  • Is enough being done to create a pipeline for Asian athletes to play on sports teams that are predominantly white or African American?
  • Should more Caucasian professional athletes use their platform to fight racism?
  • Is there wage discrimination based on race in professional sports?
  • Does racism exist in European sports the way it is in American Sports?
  • Is Joe Louis as recognized for breaking boxing’s color barrier as Jackie Robinson is for breaking baseball’s color barrier?
  • Should Critical Race Theory be taught in schools?
  • Does the current education system contribute to the school-to-prison pipeline?
  • Is enough being done to prohibit hate speech in public schools?
  • Should private schools be allowed to set their own rules regarding discrimination, hate speech, and racism within their walls?
  • Did the Supreme Court rule correctly in Brown vs the Board of Education?
  • Do schools in predominantly white communities have better access to technology and education resources compared to schools in communities that are predominantly populated by people of color?
  • Should school plays that portray Civil War Confederate Heroes like Robert E. Lee be banned?
  • Does decreased access to technology affect the academic performance of children of color?
  • What is the “Banality of Racism” in education?
  • Was segregating the schools by race a good idea with the bad implementation or a bad idea on the whole?

Entertainment Topics

  • Is the movie White Men Can’t Jump racist?
  • What is the underlying message of American History X?
  • Will the TV series Roots have the same cultural impact on the next generation as it has on the current generation?
  • What was the cultural influence of William Shatner kissing Nichelle Nichols?
  • Does the use of the “N-Word” in movies promote its use in real-life?
  • Are there racial barriers in Hollywood, Oscars & Academy Awards?
  • Do Caucasian actors need to demonstrate more allyship in the entertainment industry?
  • Should actors with antisemitic behavior, like Mel Gibson, be banned by the screen actors guild?
  • Do actors and celebrities have a duty to allyship against racism as part of their platform?
  • Is there an active bias against casting minorities in movies and TV shows?

Ethical Topics on Racism

  • Why is racism considered immoral today, but wasn’t before the mid-1800s?
  • Are the protests of Black Lives Matter helping to end racism or entrenching racists from seeing the error of their ways?
  • Should racism be considered a form of mental illness?
  • Is Islamophobia a form of racism or a legitimate phobia?
  • Is the term “Third World” a racist term, or simply outdated jargon?
  • Is Allyship a critical component for ending racism in the long term?
  • If you see a hate crime being committed are you morally obligated to try to stop it?
  • Is the term “Irishness” another form of racism?
  • Is the differentiation of cultural differences and folkways a form of racism?
  • How has aboriginal racism affected the history of Australia?
  • Is social kin bias the underlying cause of racism?
  • Is the Ancient Greek philosophy of barbarism an influential force on racism today?
  • Do Christians have an ethical duty to speak out against antisemitism?
  • In a community where lynching has occurred, are the people who fail to act to prevent it morally culpable as accessories to the crime?
  • Is it the responsibility of the community to oust hate groups like the Klu Klux Klan?

Racism in the Legal System

  • African American males are 10 times more likely to resist arrest than Caucasian males, is this due to them essentially resisting police brutality, or are other factors at play?
  • What is the driving force of racial police brutality?
  • Is defunding the police an effective way to end racial police brutality?
  • Does police brutality exist for other ethnicities other than African Americans?
  • Do prisons treat Caucasians differently than other ethnic groups?
  • Should prisons be segregated by race?
  • What can be done to create pathways for more minority judges to take the bench?
  • Does Islamophobia separate minority populations in prison?
  • Is enough being done in the legal system to deter and punish hate crimes?
  • Should there be a zero-tolerance policy for racially biased police brutality?

Social Media Topics

  • Does social media have a positive or negative effect on racism?
  • Does TikTok allow racist behavior on their platform challenges?
  • Does social kin bias affect racist behavior on social media
  • Should social media ban using their platforms to organize racist gatherings
  • Twitter has become a platform for racist messaging without consequences to the user or Twitter as a company.
  • Should there be a filter for memes that contain racist messaging?
  • Would banning racist messaging on social media be a violation of the right to free speech?
  • Has the rise of social media allowed racism to spread beyond traditional regional borders?
  • Should there be stronger laws against hate speech geared to limit the influence of social media?
  • Would the murder of George Floyd have gained national and even international attention without the influence of social media?

These are 110 rasism essay topic ideas that we have prepared for you. We hope that you find our list useful for your work.

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Group 6

226 Racism Essay Topics

Racism is a vast theme to explore and comprises many thought-provoking issues. Here, we collected the most interesting racism essay topics, with which you can investigate the issue of racism. We recommend you explore the historical roots of racism and the systemic structures that sustain it. Use our research topics about racism to write a paper on racial identity, cultural diversity, or the role of education in combatting racism.

✊ TOP 10 Essay Topics about Racism

🏆 best racism essay topics, 👍 racism topics for essay & research, 📌 easy research topics about racism, 🎓 interesting racism essay titles, ✍️ racism essay topics for college, ❓ more essay topics about racism.

  • Racism: “Born a Crime” by Trevor Noah
  • Portrayal of Racism in Forster’s ‘a Passage to India’
  • Examples of Racism in The Great Gatsby
  • Racism in Ken Liu’s “The Paper Menagerie”
  • Racism and Its Effects on Our Society
  • Racism in Nivea’s “White Is Purity” Ad Campaign
  • Sociological Perspectives on Racism
  • Racism and Injustice in “Monster” Novel by Myers
  • Racism: “The White Man’s Burden” by Rudyard Kipling
  • Racism and Social Injustice in Warriors Don’t Cry
  • The Trauma of Enduring Racism and Ethnic Hatred: They Called Us Enemy This essay aims to discuss the effects of racism and ethnic hatred, as illustrated in the story They Called Us Enemy by George Takei.
  • Colorblind Racism in “The Help” Film The Help, a film based on a novel of the same name, can be employed to exemplify multiple patterns, including colorblindness, although not all of them are criticized in the work.
  • Racism in the “Devil in a Blue Dress” Film The film Devil in a Blue Dress introduces many topics for discussion, including the racial problem in the United States.
  • Racism and Pessimism in Wilson’s Play “Fences” August Wilson’s play “Fences” exemplifies the detrimental impacts of racial discrimination on the well-being of ethnic and racial minorities.
  • Racism in “Being Brought From Africa to America” and “A Letter From Phyllis Wheatley” Both poems “Being Brought From Africa to America” and “A Letter From Phyllis Wheatley” are great reflections on the racism issue, and even now, their demand is not decreasing.
  • Racism: A Party Down at the Square Ellison’s narrative, A party down at the square, depicts public lynching at Southern point. It gives the reasons we must all stand for equality and eradicate racism.
  • The Impact of Racism on Globalization Racism is a great impediment to globalization, the bad blood between the said people of color and those of no color has dealt a big blow to development.
  • Racism and Masculinity in the Film “A Soldier’s Story” In this paper, we will discuss “A Soldier’s Story,” and see how racial prejudice and the ideas of dominating masculinity lead to a disaster to a number of its characters.
  • Is Racism a Natural Condition of Human Society? The discussion around the new wave of the “Black Lives Matter” movement in the United States, for instance, proves that it stays the burning issue of most communities even today.
  • Institutional Racism Against Native Americans: The Killers of the Flower Moon David Grann published The Killers of the Flower Moon about the murders in Oklahoma in the 1920s and contributed to the creation of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
  • Racism in Foster’s “Elegy of Color”, Hurston’s “Sweat,” and Wilson’s “Fences” This research focuses on Foster’s poem “Elegy of Color,” Hurston’s book “Sweat,” and Wilson’s play “Fences” which provide a historical context for the understanding of racism.
  • Racism in the Music Video: Locked Up and Styles P Using the music video Locked Up by Akon featuring Styles P, this paper discusses the significance of race and racial representation in the media.
  • Impact of Kendrick Lamar Music on Racism The essay hypothesizes that Lamar’s music has conducted to a progress in abolishing racism by cultivating tolerant attitude in the society towards Afro-American population.
  • Racial Injustice, Racial Discrimination, and Racism Racial injustice is a serious issue in today’s society. It has negative effects on a multitude of people’s personal and social development.
  • Racism in Campus of the Montclair State University Effect Depending on the student’s high school and neighborhood segregation, the level of diverse thinking and acknowledgment is seriously determined by these factors.
  • Carl Hart’s Talk on Racism, Poverty, and Drugs In his TED Talk, Carl Hart, a professor of neuroscience at Columbia University who studies drug addiction, exposes a relationship between racism, poverty, and drugs.
  • Causes of Racism and Racial Discrimination Racism refers to the institution of prejudice against other people based on a particular racial or ethnic group membership. Racial bias causes low self-esteem.
  • Ethnocentrism and Racism in Child Development The case of a 14-year-old biracial girl will be analyzed to investigate the effects of ethnocentrism and racism in child development, especially during the adolescent period.
  • Racism in “Native Son” by Richard Wright Racism does not vanish when Whites are able to convince themselves that they are no longer villains, consciously promoting negative attitude about minorities.
  • Racism & Sexism: Black Women’s Experiences in Tennis Research suggests that exclusion and discrimination strategies are still being used to limit the chances and advancement accessible to colored minority groups.
  • Experiences of Institutional Racism at an Early Age The paper examines how experiences of institutional racism at an early age translate to orientations towards activism in the black community.
  • Rasism in the USA: Personal Experience The fight against ethnicity and racism still has a long way to go and not unless everyone develops a new mentality, the world will remain a venue filled with racism.
  • Racism Against Afro-Americans in Wilson’s “Fences” Play Fences is a play by August Wilson, an American playwright, a Pulitzer’s laureate, who wrote about the life of African Americans in different periods of the 20th century.
  • Racism Issue in the Play “A Raisin in the Sun” by Bill Duke The renowned play A Raisin in the Sun, directed by Bill Duke, depicts the challenges and biases endured by black families in America.
  • Imperialism and Racism During the Colonial Period This analysis of primary sources aims to demonstrate how various historical actors interpreted imperialism during different periods.
  • Criminal Justice System and the Problem of Racism The issue of institutional racism continues to be prominent within the criminal justice system in England and Wales.
  • “Interrogating Racism: Toward an Antiracist Anthropology” and “Economics” The article “Interrogating racism: Toward antiracist anthropology” (2005) discusses the issue of racism in anthropological studies.
  • Individual and Systemic Racism No law applies only to one race and does not apply to another. If there is a violation of the law, there is a judicial system to deal with the problem.
  • Racism and White Supremacy in the USA Approximately 38% of Latinos/Hispanics in the US have noted experiencing some level of harassment, discrimination, or public criticism for their ethnicity.
  • Racial Disparities in Healthcare Through the Lens of Systemic Racism Racism and inequality in healthcare are serious and complex issues of today’s society that must be widely addressed for them to be acknowledged and finally changed.
  • Social Psychology: Race, Racism, and Discrimination Understanding race, racism, and discrimination are equally important since the whole matter of race and racism revolves around the human ethnic background.
  • Systemic Racism and Its Impact on Development In more or less veiled forms, racism, including everyday racism, has spread quite widely in some regions and social strata and manifests itself in a variety of forms.
  • Environmental Racism and Environmental Justice One should not tolerate that a certain percentage of city residents live in much worse environmental conditions than all others – it is necessary to modernize the industry.
  • Overcoming Racism in Environmental Decision Making Building a city for humans to live requires the construction of many industrial sites, living next to which is unsafe, thus ethnic minorities would be the ones predominately living there.
  • Racism and Ethnicity in the US Race and ethnicity in the United States are not based on any spelled out criteria and consequently, various people may label a certain group of people variously.
  • Color-Blind Racism as a New Face of Racism in Contemporary Society This paper aims to describe color-blind racism, its’ four mainframes, each proposing different ideological arguments and reports the ideology of racism
  • Racism Against African Americans as a Social Construct The relationship between African Americans and whites in the US demonstrates that racism is perpetuated by individuals through their actions and interactions.
  • American Racism in “Men We Reaped” by Jesmyn Ward Men We Reaped is Jesmyn Ward’s account of the economic realities of her DeLisle hometown illustrate the poor historical race relations in America.
  • The Portrayal of Racism in Literary Works Each work reveals different aspects of racism in America, from social discrimination and segregation to economic exploitation.
  • Racism in the USA: Organizational Behavior In the USA, there still exists widespread racism despite campaigns against the vice. People are subjected to discrimination because of differences in factors such as gender.
  • Racism Against African Americans and Its Effects Racism has significantly affected African-Americans’ social status due to negative perceptions and biases held concerning them.
  • Racism in Modern Canada: Taking Action as a Helping Professional Cases of racial and ethnic discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance, which occur daily, impede the improvement of the lives of millions of people around the world.
  • Health Care Policy: Eliminating Systemic Racism The paper states that the policy can be considered a stepping stone for meaningful change in eliminating systemic racism from the healthcare industry.
  • Racism Against the Blacks in the UK The UK is one of the most ethnically diversified countries, with residents from different parts of the world and various cultural backgrounds.
  • On White Privilege, Colorblindness, and Racism Critical Race Theory (CRT) is one of the approaches that attempt to address the issue of racism by identifying and investigating perpetual racial injustices.
  • Racism, Social-Economic Status, and the Dominant Story Disparities in the distribution of social benefits such as education, healthcare, and employment are among the dominant stories in the United States (US).
  • Racism in Toni Morrison’s “Recitatif” Like Morrison’s other work, Recitatif focuses on the issue of prejudice and racial identity. However, in the short story, the races of the main characters are concealed.
  • Racism, Ethnoviolence, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder The paper states that experiencing racism can induce post-traumatic stress disorder. Most people do not draw a link between racism and PTSD.
  • The Ideas and Perspectives of Literary Works About Slavery and Racism The essay aims to provide insights into opinions about the ideas and perspectives of literary works about slavery, racism, and the oppression of African-Americans.
  • Racism as a Crime Racism is one of the oldest and most reprehensible forms of crime, which manifests itself in discrimination against people based on their racial or national origin. It is expressed through statements, actions, or policies that divide people. Racism creates prejudices and demonizes others, leading to a lack of access to…
  • Researching of Structural Racism Structural racism presents an issue that includes several institutions. Moreover, the interconnectedness between these institutions represents a major problem for people of color.
  • Racism as a Modern-Day Societal Challenge This essay analyzes racism as a modern-day societal challenge and proposes policies and measures that may help curb the issue.
  • So Cal’s Water Agency: Racism, Sexual Harassment, and Retaliation So Cal’s Water Agency has reported racial discrimination, sexual harassment, and retaliation cases. Practices of unequal hiring have been experienced by employees in this agency.
  • Doping: Racism and Discrimination of Athletes The issue of discrimination is linked to the point of doping by athletes, which significantly amplifies the implications for the fundamental values of sport.
  • Color-Blind Society and Racism Individuals would be seen as individuals without regard to race. This concept has been gaining traction recently.
  • Asian and Latin Americans’ Experience of Racism The article discusses the similarities and differences in the experience of racism faced by Asian and Latin Americans and highlights issues such as discrimination.
  • Systemic Racism in the US: Systemic Racism and America Today Discrimination in the US is an issue that has been dealt with for decades; however, there are no signs of it ending.
  • Racism: How Bigotry and Hate Runs Through History Courtesy of racial distinctions, the Europeans considered themselves more concrete in terms of reasoning and used racism as a convenient exploitation justification.
  • Racism in Modern American Society Racism is one of the common social problems within the American community, thus incorporating competent solutions through policies.
  • The Discrimination, Prejudice, and Racism Concepts This paper discusses the concepts of discrimination, prejudice, and racism, their relationship with each other, and how they affect society.
  • Racism and Biases Based on Social Issues and Attitudes Racism is a complicated occurrence, and this essay focuses on analyzing bias based on language use, power control, social issues, and social attitudes.
  • Critical Thinking and Racism in Modern Times The new definition of racism is a belief that human capacities are determined by race and that differences in race lead to one race being viewed as superior to another race.
  • American Church’s Complicity in Racism This article demonstrates the theological challenge that slavery posed to the American church during the Civil War.
  • Decolonization as a Response to Racism and Discrimination Decolonization as a term is often connected to the second half of the 20th century when countries of the Global South gained their formal independence from the colonial powers.
  • Overcoming Racism in the United States in the 1960s This paper will discuss how rampant racism prevented U.S. society in the 1960s from progressing forward as a nation.
  • Overcoming Racism in “The Blood of Jesus” Film Belittling the status of a person based on his gender or race is impossible and terrible in modern society, but it is the tendency of the present time.
  • New World Slavery and Racism in Society The effects of slavery and racial ideology can be observed even after the official abolition of this policy. There is racial discrimination in labor and health care.
  • Defining Race in Brazil and Racism Reducing The intent of the Brazilian government to reduce racism are noble, but the stratified classification is creating more identity challenges and making it hard to implement programs.
  • Native Americans in Schools: Effects of Racism Despite the improvement in educational policies, racism against Native Americans is still a problem in the education sector.
  • Psychological Perspectives on Racism This paper provides an insight into the nature of racism and largely contributes to people’s victory over racial and ideological prejudices.
  • Reconstruction in the United States: The Structural Racism The failure of the Reconstruction was unavoidable, and structural racism continued to plague the territory of the South with a higher intensity.
  • “The Costs of Racism to White People” by P. Kivel The article “The Costs of Racism to White People” by Paul Kivel examines the price of racial discrimination for representatives of the white population.
  • The Color of Compromise: The Truth About the American Church’s Complicity in Racism Personality development is essential for personal growth and involves different assessments, including awareness, relationships, and commitment.
  • Diversity, Racism, and Identity in the United States American society experiences a new wave of disagreements and debates on the most fundamental topics of American democracy functioning.
  • Environmental Racism as Rights Infringement This paper focuses on the problem of environmental racism from the point of view of discrimination and infringement of the rights of the “oppressed” category of society.
  • Researching the History of Racism The history of racism shows that it has evolved over time. Namely, the starting point was the radicalized violent behavior of the privileged people towards discriminated ones
  • Slavery and Racism: History and Linkage Slavery has changed over time; this institution in the ancient world was different from its modern forms; in particular, the Atlantic slave trade added a racial aspect to it.
  • The Issues of Racism, Sexism, and Homophobia Racism, sexism, and homophobia are more evident in white communities and other religious groups that have difficulty drawing the same levels of public disgrace.
  • The Asian Racism: Joel Best’s Constructivism In this essay, the social problem of modern Asian racism will be analyzed according to the framework of Joel Best’s theoretical model.
  • The Theoretical Origin of the Concept of Racism The paper raises the topic of the theoretical origin of the concept of racism. The initial understanding of racism has undergone significant changes.
  • Issue of Racism in Colonial Haiti The paper states that the understanding of racism in Haiti, at the time called St. Domingue, was different even among the people at the time.
  • Civil Rights Movement and Construction of US Racism Racism is associated with slurs, Islamophobia, police brutality, and Donald Trump. This list signals that racism today is a more insidious, politicized form of discrimination.
  • How Racism Makes Us Sick The expectations of discrimination lead to poorer health outcomes, both in the case of mental and physical health.
  • Racism and Its Impact on Society Racism negatively impacts society due to its destructive nature and contributes to the division of society, although the government can liquidate it.
  • Racism in Employment from Conley’s Viewpoint Racial issues can still prevent a person from getting a job or earning a decent wage, as black people are still left out because of the occupation of business by white people.
  • Researching the Racism and Race Due to centuries of colonialism and the subjugation of other cultures by the European one, racism can deservedly be called the worst blight on the history of humankind.
  • James Baldwin’s Essays on Racism and Slavery By studying Baldwin’s reflection on the nature of racism, its link to slavery, and its traces in the American community, one can understand the nature of modern racism.
  • Racism and Prejudice: People’s Experiences The existence of prejudice and racism in present-day society shapes people’s experiences in a negative way and reduces their life chances of well-being.
  • Racism, Its Origins, and Evolution Racism is a broad subject; therefore, it is crucial to explore the historical origin of the idea of race and how race and racism have evolved with time.
  • Racism and Oppression in “Native Son” by Wright The book Native Son is an engaging book by Wright that gives astonishing accounts relating to racism, segregation, and oppression.
  • American Racism, Violence, and Brutality in the 21st Century Despite the long journey from slavery to freedom, people continued to fight violence and hate crimes against the Black population in the 21st century.
  • How Black Lives Matter Movement Fights Racism The paper discusses the Black Lives Matter movement. It actively fights racism and murders of black people by police officers.
  • How Structural Racism Is Addressed by Open Science Structural racism is a problem that has persisted in society for a significant period. It becomes a danger and an issue requiring significant attention.
  • Colorblind Racism and Race-Based Medicine Many people tend to claim that the modern United States is equal and democratic, and it is an example of colorblind life when individuals ignore racist issues.
  • Analysis of Structural Racism in Healthcare The paper argues structural racism in health care is a problem with historical roots and extends far beyond the health sector.
  • Socety’s Problem: Family and Racism The paper provides annotated bibliography about sociology imperfections, racism and family problems in modern world.
  • The Persistence of White Racism in the United States In the present day, white Americans consider White racism a thing of the past. On the contrary, the population of color in America reports more incidents of racism.
  • Racism and White Privilege and Benefits The paper discusses and critiques how racism and white privilege can be observed as separate constructs and how they can interact.
  • Systemic Racism in the United States Racism is one of those concepts the current American society tries to eliminate, and significant effort is being put into stopping discrimination against people of color.
  • Dealing With the Issue of Medical Racism Racial issues in healthcare persist and continue to harm African-American people, it is possible to change the status quo by raising racial awareness and cultural sensitivity.
  • Racism: Scene for Screenplay Illustrating Racism A scene for screenplay – a father-son after school conversation about racism. The boy wanted to join the group, but two boys were against it because the boy is black.
  • Reflection on Racism as a Social Injustice “13th” is a documentary directed by Ava DuVernay, which was produced in 2016 and explored the major elements are justice, race, and mass killings in the US.
  • Taking Joined Action to Confront Anti-Black Racism in Toronto The neighborhoods with the highest percentage of minorities have the lowest income per household rate, while the areas populated mostly by white Canadians thrive.
  • The Climate of Social Justice, Racism, COVID-19, and Other Issues The paper argues ideas of music, culture and society are contended to be inseparably connected, which can be clarified through the space of ethnomusicology.
  • Analysis of Environmental Racism in America Despite the decades-long struggle against racism, its effects are still tragically visible in present-day American society.
  • Environmental Racism: Analyzing the Phenomenon The evolution of the industry, the rise of the consumer society, and the unwise use of resources placed people in a disaster because of the deterioration of the environment.
  • From Slavery to Racism: Historical Background Racism did not spur slavery or encourage it; instead, it was used to justify a phenomenon that would exist nonetheless due to the economic situation in the world at the time.
  • Cultural Racism in the Current Day The cultural-psychological perspective suggests that intervention is better aimed at large real-world, societal cues of racism.
  • Examining Racism in American 21st Century Society Although racism is no longer outrightly practiced as it used to be two hundred years ago, it has evolved and manifested in different forms.
  • Settler Society and Structural Racism The paper discusses white privilege. It is described by Johnson in detail as the process by which he used to acquire wealth.
  • Comparative Analysis of Three Books about Racism The books presented in the paper reflect on race and racism from different perspectives, but they may share some sentiments.
  • Fighting Racism Behavior Towards the Latino Community The public health system is one of the most prominent representatives of racial inequality, which affects the state of body and mind of Americans of color.
  • Ethical Considerations on Affirmative Action: Racism The high level of relevance of race issues in the United States has continuously imposed equality considerations on multiple levels of human interactions.
  • Personal Connections to Racism: A Very Short Introduction The reading made me more aware of two examples of such representation: the Futurama animation series and the Native American mascot controversy.
  • Environmental Justice Framework and Racism The environmental justice framework and environmental racism are related since there is a need to involve all people and treat them equally when enforcing environmental policies.
  • Racism, Racial Profiling and Bias in the War on Drugs Racial profiling occurs when law enforcement bases their criminal investigations on race, ethnicity, or religion, which in the process undermines human rights and freedom.
  • Eric Williams: Slavery Was Not Born Out of Racism In “Capitalism and Slavery,” Williams writes: “Slavery was not born out of racism: rather, racism was the consequence of slavery”.
  • Racism in the United States of America Racism is a serious problem that has affected American society for many centuries. It can be perpetrated in an overt (direct) or covert (indirect) manner.
  • Racism: Ku Klux Klan Case Study The Ku Klux Klan is considered as one of most racist and anti-Semantic group in the US, it employs all forms of techniques to achieve its interests.
  • Racism in the 21st Century Problem Analysis The existence of racism in modern education and healthcare systems undermines efforts to eliminate it in other areas.
  • The Phenomenon of Racism The purpose of this paper is to discuss the texts of Anzaldúa, Fayad, Smith and Roppolo, who have addressed the topic of racism.
  • Policing Racism as a Solvable Problem: A TED Talk Goff’s TED talk video “How We Can Make Racism a Solvable Problem and Improve Policing” triggers feelings of sympathy, surprise, and disgust.
  • Systemic Racism and the American Justice System Taking into account reliable data and recent events in the United States of America, it is evident that racial discrimination is deeply ingrained in the justice system.
  • The Problems of Racism in Modern Society Racism is one of the oldest problems known to society. This paper focuses on the analysis of ideas about segregation based on data from two sources.
  • Racism & Privilege Within the Social Work Setting Racism and privilege are not the same, but their relationship cannot be ignored. Racism gave birth to privilege by translating beliefs into actions.
  • Internal Racism in the Movie Amreeka Refusal to an individual to work, based solely on nationality, is an example of how xenophobia meets its modern manifestation.
  • Racism and Impact of Racial Discrimination Racial discrimination occurs in different forms such as interpersonal level as well as in institutions and organizations through procedures, policies, and practices.
  • Racism, Crime and Justice and Growing-Up Bad Disproportionate discrimination of the black and Asian youths by justice and law enforcement agencies in Britain is a product of a multiplicity of factors.
  • Racism Against Health Care Workers In today’s world, the damaging problem of the racial disparities keeps affecting the workers of the health care systems, as well as its patients.
  • Research Methods in Psychology. Methods against Racism Actions and expressions are the two elements of being anti-racist. If one wants to shun racism, they must serve as an example by dealing with the mischief when it occurs.
  • Institutional Racism Mitigation in Criminal Justice, Education, and Health Systems From the 1990s, the concept of institutional racism gained a new meaning, new to the challenges and gaps that many people from minority groups were recording.
  • Institutional Racism Existing in the United States People of all skin colors are infuriated by the murders of African Americans by the racist police officers, their violence, and abuse of innocent people who did nothing wrong.
  • Discrimination and Racism in Cobb County I want to tackle the problem of institutional racism in my community of Cobb County, Georgia. I decided to focus on the subject of racial relations.
  • The Color Line: Racism in Dubois’ and Zinn’s Works Many blacks still live in adverse conditions and have no development opportunities. Neither a good education, nor a well-paid job, nor adequate housing are available to them.
  • The Problem of Racism and Its Possible Origins The article written by Tim Parrish discusses the problem of racism, its possible origins, and steps that could be taken to lessen the issue.
  • Racism and Kingdom Ethics. Main Aspects Addressing racism in the church requires critical attention. There is a need for the church to be a role model to the entire society on the ways of combating racism.
  • Racism May Be Natural in Modern Society Racism as an acknowledgment of genetic and cultural diversity in the modern world is quite a feature of society.
  • Racism Is the Problem of Society This paper provides evidence that racism is the problem of society, and it affects every person in the world. Racism is an issue that correlates with inequality in society.
  • Racism: Black Lives Matter Central Idea Black Lives Matter’s central idea is to point out the unfair treatment of this ethnicity in the United States. The BLM movement highlights the implicit biases.
  • How is Systemic Racism Becoming a News Spectacle? This paper describes “How is Systemic Racism Becoming a News Spectacle?”, writing about its introduction, body completeness, and development, conclusions, and documentation.
  • Does System Racism Exist in the USA? Centuries of racism and discrimination have made this chasm even wider for black families, cut off from the opportunities and resources available to whites.
  • Persistent Racism in the United States The racial issue has always occupied a central place in American history, and a modern melting pot cannot exist without conflict.
  • Racism Within the Public Health Framework In terms of the following paper, racism will be analyzed in the public health framework to outline major recommendations towards the issue resolution.
  • American Psychological Association and Racism The chipping in of the APA on matters concerning racism, xenophobia and racial bigotry led to the abolition of unfair treatments to the blacks in early 2001.
  • South Africa’s Handling of Racism and Ethnic Relations: How They Compare With Those of the USA The discriminative moves sparked racial tensions in both countries, both governments were obliged to formulate the strategies that advocated for rights to all citizens.
  • Negro Kids: Racism in American Schools Communication is important in solving this social problem in American society because it will cause people to reexamine race relations.
  • Modern Racism Concepts and Types While people may not be actually racially abusing others, race is influencing how they treat and perceive members of society.
  • Homophobia and Racism and Other Issues This article is well written and makes a number of excellent points with regards to homosexuality, however the article actually requests that people make a distinction between homophobia and racism.
  • Fredrickson’s Racism: A Short History
  • Racism in Breast Cancer Treatment
  • Specific Racism Against Chinese Americans
  • The Notion of Colorblind Racism
  • Racism and Social Reform Movements in the United States
  • Racism in Minnesota in Relation to the Klu Klux Klan
  • Racism in Minnesota: Archival Research Paper
  • Institutionalised Racism – Myth or Reality?
  • Racism Effects in “Warriors Don’t Cry” by Melba Beals
  • A Plan to Reduce Racism in Medicine
  • Ethnical Ambiguousness as a Band-Aid for Racism
  • America’s Band-Aid for Racism Is the Ethnically Ambiguous
  • Ethnically Ambiguous – America’s Band-Aid for Racism
  • Racism in “Get Out” Movie: Rhetorical Discussion
  • Racism in American Schools: NCLB Problems
  • Racism and Its Definition Challenge
  • Racism in the Contemporary America
  • Symbolism and Racism in Lee’s “To Kill a Mockingbird”
  • Workplace Racism in Public Service Organization
  • American Racism in Coates’ The Case for Reparations
  • Racism and Inequality in the United States
  • Malcolm X and Anne Moody on Racism in the US
  • Dismantling Institutional Racism: Effects and Possible Solutions
  • Problem of Racism in the Modern World
  • Dove’s Racism in Promoting New Shower Foam
  • African-Americans Racism and Discrimination
  • Racism and Constructing Otherness in the US
  • Divisiveness and Mismatching in Anti-Racism
  • Problems and Cultivation of Racism
  • Racism Problem at Institutional and Interactional Levels
  • Racism in the United States Judicial System
  • Racism in America: Discrimination and Prejudice
  • Racism Causes and Impacts in America
  • Racism in American Schools
  • Racism in America between 1783 and 1836
  • Racism in American Education
  • Racism and Discrimination towards African-Americans
  • Racism as “The Case for Reparations” by Coates
  • What Extent Can Racism Be Prevented in Society?
  • How Educational Institutions Perpetuate Racism?
  • How Does Racism and Prejudice Affect America?
  • Does Affirmative Action Solve Racism?
  • Does Racism Exist Still?
  • Has Racism Gotten Better in the Modern World?
  • How Different Young Australians Experience Racism?
  • Have You Experienced Racism in Korea?
  • What Contribution Has Science Made to the Development of Racism?
  • How Does Racism Influence Genocide?
  • Did You Know That Racism No Longer Exists?
  • How Does Racism Really Play?
  • Does Huck Finn Represent Racism?
  • How Does Racism Affect the Way of a Caste Like System?
  • Does Brexit Trigger Racism?
  • Do Racism and Discrimination Still Exist Today?
  • What Causes Racism Persists?
  • How Does John Steinbeck Portray Racism in “Of Mice and Men”?
  • Did Hurricane Katrina Expose Racism in America?
  • Did Secession and Racism Be So Intimately Connect?
  • What Contribution Has Psychoanalytic Theory Made to Our Political Understanding of Racism?
  • How Cultural Elements and History Have Created and Are Changing Racism in Brazil?
  • How Does Racism Affect Society?
  • Has Racism Today Changed Since the 1950s?
  • How Fake News Use Satire as a Medium to Address Issues on Racism?
  • Did Slavery Cause Racism?
  • Are Indian Mascots Racism?
  • Did Racism Precede Slavery?
  • How Might Christians Put Their Beliefs About Racism Into Action?
  • How Are American-Bron Chinese Faced With Racism in America?

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StudyCorgi. (2021, September 9). 226 Racism Essay Topics.

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StudyCorgi . "226 Racism Essay Topics." September 9, 2021.

StudyCorgi . 2021. "226 Racism Essay Topics." September 9, 2021.

These essay examples and topics on Racism were carefully selected by the StudyCorgi editorial team. They meet our highest standards in terms of grammar, punctuation, style, and fact accuracy. Please ensure you properly reference the materials if you’re using them to write your assignment.

This essay topic collection was updated on January 9, 2024 .

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List of great argumentative essay topics on racism [updated], bob cardens.

  • August 1, 2022
  • Essay Topics and Ideas , Samples

The social issues that we face today are more complex and multifaceted than ever before. And, as a result, there are a lot of great argumentative essay topics on racism. Here are just a few examples:

What You'll Learn

Argumentative Essay Topics on Racism

  • How has institutional Racism affected the history of minority groups in the US? –
  • Should we consider Islamophobia racism?
  • Racism: Can we refer to it as a mental disorder?
  • Race: Does it serve any purpose in modern society?
  • How Racism impact the way Chinese American has been viewed.
  • Irishness: Should it be considered a show of racism?
  • Comic books: Can we consider it racist against black people?
  • How does Racism impact the way we view immigration? Description: In recent years, views of immigration in the United States have shifted with many Americans perceiving immigrants as a source of national prosperity, rather than an eminent burden
  • Racism Against Hispanics in America Description: One of the main challenges facing American society is racism. While the country is a multicultural society comprising of individuals from different cultures around the world, minority groups often face discrimination in the form hate crimes and racist comments. Although the issue of racism affects all minorities.
  • African American males are 10 times more likely to resist arrest than Caucasian males, is this due to them essentially resisting police brutality, or are other factors at play?
  • What is the driving force of racial police brutality?
  • Is defunding the police an effective way to end racial police brutality?
  • Racism. Discrimination and racial inequality. Essay Description: Today, everyone wants to reap the benefits of a diverse workforce. However, racism continues to be a major challenge to achieving this goal.
  • Prejudice towards ladies in hijab: Is it baseless?
  • Racism: Is it rooted in fear?
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Argumentative Essay Ideas on Racism

  • Does police brutality exist for other ethnicities other than African Americans?
  • Do prisons treat Caucasians differently than other ethnic groups?
  • Should prisons be segregated by race?
  • Educational Institutions take to Address Systemic Racism Description: Racism is a social issue that has existed for a long time, causing chaos among people from various races. It refers to discriminating against a person based on skin colour and ethnicity. Systematic racism, sometimes called institutional racism, refers to racism embedded in the regulations.
  • What countries are the most racist in the EU?
  • Do you agree with the statement, “there will always be color racism?”
  • Prejudice and racism: Are they the same thing?
  • What can be done to create pathways for more minority judges to take the bench?
  • Does Islamophobia separate minority populations in prison?
  • Is enough being done in the legal system to deter and punish hate crimes?
  • Should there be a zero-tolerance policy for racially biased police brutality?
  • Racial Discrimination: How We Can Face Racism Description: One of the most effective approaches to face racism and defeat it is through teaching the people its detrimental effects and how each one of us can be an agent of change. (Argumentative Essay Topics on Racism)

Theories of race and racism in an Administration of Justice, Criminal Justice race, gender and Class

These are just a few examples – there are literally endless possibilities when it comes to racism that you can write about in an argumentative essay . So, if you’re looking for some inspiration, don’t hesitate to check out these Research Paper Ideas on Racism with prompts!

Research Paper Ideas on Racism with prompts

  • Xenophobia, Racism and Alien Representation in District 9 Prompt: The term alien has many connotations for different people, from the scientific theory and sci-fi representations of extra-terrestrial life to the resurgence in modern society of legal uses regarding immigration. In popular culture these uses can often coincide whether metaphorical, allegorical, or explicit.
  • White and Black Team in Remember the Titans Prompt: Reducing prejudice essentially entails changing the values and beliefs by which people live. For many reasons, this is difficult. The first is that the ideals and expectations of individuals are also a long-standing pillar of their psychological stability.
  • Transformation of the American Government and “Tradition of Exclusion” Prompt: The United States of America is a country known for its pride in its democratic government, where the American Dream encourages everyone to strive for the very best. That rhetoric is deeply rooted in every aspect of life in this country from its conception until…
  • This is America: Oppression in America in Glover’s Music Video Prompt: A common topic we see in our society is the debate of gun control in America. It has been an ongoing argument due to the mass of shootings in schools, churches, nightclubs, etc. The number of shootings has only been increasing over the years.
  • Theory of Slavery as a Kind of Social Death Prompt: The Orlando theory of slavery as a social death is among the first and major type of full-scale comparative study that is attached to different slavery aspects.
  • The Review of the Glory Road Prompt: Glory Road is an American sports drama film directed by James Gartner, in view of a genuine story encompassing the occasions of the 1966 NCAA University Division Basketball Championship. It was released on 13th January 2006.
  • The Relationship Between Racism and the Ideology of Progress Prompt: Through the years, as a result of the two world wars and the Great Depression, the term progress and the meaning attached to it greatly suffered.
  • The Racial Discrimination in Bob Dylan’s Song Prompt: President John F. Kennedy delivered a powerful message to the American People on June 11th of 1963, calling Congress to view civil rights as a moral obligation instead of a legal issue.
  • The People Segregation by Society in Divergent Prompt: It is clear that the society in Divergent places unrealistic limits on its members identities from the beginning of the book. Segregating different personality types into different factions not only has consequences on society but on the individual.
  • The Influence of Racial Or Ethnic Discrimination a Person’s Self-concept Prompt: Discrimination and prejudiced attitudes are assumed to be damaging aspects of society. The research presents the cognitive, emotional, and social damages related to experiencing discrimination. This research proposal focuses on determining the impacts of prejudice and how it negatively affects an individual. (Argumentative Essay Topics on Racism)
  • Find out more on  Argumentative Essay Topics About Social Media [Updated]

Racism research paper  outline

The social issues that we face today are more complex and multifaceted than ever before. And, as a result, there are a lot of great argumentative essay topics on racism. Here are just a few examples: racism research paper outline

Research Questions on Racism

  • Have you seen the video of George Floyd’s death? What was your reaction to it? How did it make you feel?
  • How would you define racism?
  • How have you experienced racism towards yourself or others? How did it make you feel?
  • Has anyone ever assumed something about you because of the color or your skin? If so, explain.
  • Have you ever assumed something about someone else because of the color of their skin? If so, explain.
  • Has anyone ever called you the “N” word or referred to others in that way while you were present? If so, please share what happened.
  • Why do you think racism exists in today’s society? How do you think it will affect your future?
  • How has the police brutality and the protests/demonstrations impacted you on a personal level?
  • Do you feel your relationship with God makes you better equipped to handle all that is going within society concerning race? Why or why not?
  • Do you think it is important to celebrate the differences in people? Why or why not?
  • Is it important to have oneness in Christ or sameness in Christ? Explain. Do you think there is a difference between the two? Explain.
  • How do you think we can move forward and carry out racial reconciliation as a society?

Great Racism Research Paper Topics

  • What are the effects of racism on society?
  • How can we stop racism from spreading in contemporary society?
  • The mental underpinnings of racism
  • How does racism impact a person’s brain?
  • Amounts of racism in various social groups
  • The importance of socialization in racial and ethnic groups
  • How does racial tension affect social interactions?
  • The following are some ideas for essays on racism and ethnicity in America.
  • Interethnic conflict in the United States and other countries
  • Systematic racism exists in America.
  • Racism is prevalent in American cities.
  • The rise of nationalism and xenophobia in America.
  • Postcolonial psychology essay topics for Native Americans
  • Latin American musical ethnography issues.
  • Legacy of Mesoamerican Civilizations
  • Endangered Native American languages
  • What steps are American businesses taking to combat racism?
  • The role of traditionalism in contemporary Latin American society
  • Ethnopolitical conflicts and their resolutions are good topics for African American research papers.
  • The prevalence of racism in hate crimes in the US.
  • Latin America Today: Religion, Celebration, and Identity
  • National politics of African Americans in contemporary America.

Good racism essay topics:

  • Why Should We Consider Race to Understand Fascism?
  • The Racial Problem in America
  • Postwar Race and Gender Histories: The Color of Sex
  • The Relevance of Race in Fascism Understanding
  • Cases of Racial Discrimination in the Workplace in the United States
  • Problems with Gender, Race, and Sexuality in Modern Society
  • “Frankie and Alice”: Race and Mental Health
  • The history of immigration, race, and labor in America
  • Power and racial symbolism in Coetzee’s “Disgrace.”
  • In America, race and educational attainment are related.
  • Race to the Top: The Early Learning Challenge
  • Social learning, critical racial theory, and feminist theories
  • Minority Crime and Race in the United States
  • Racial, ethnic, and gender diversity in society
  • Documentary series “Race: The Power of an Illusion.”

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Education Related Topics

Racism Topics for Essay & Research

Racism Topics: Racism is a deeply rooted and pervasive social issue that has plagued societies throughout history. It is a belief system that perpetuates discrimination, prejudice, and unequal treatment based on race or ethnicity. The study of racism involves understanding its historical, cultural, and structural dimensions, as well as examining its impact on individuals, communities, and institutions. By shedding light on the complexities of racism, researchers strive to challenge its existence, promote social justice, and foster equality for all. In this response, we will explore some important research topics related to racism that are relevant for understanding its origins, manifestations, and potential solutions.

Racism Topics

Topics about racism for essay, argumentative essay topics about racism, research questions about racism, easy essay topics for racism, racism research topics, essay topics on racism.

Historical Analysis of Racism: Investigate the historical origins and development of racism in different regions and time periods. Explore the factors that contributed to the rise of racist ideologies, such as colonialism, slavery, and the impact of scientific racism. Examine the legacy of historical racism and its continuing influence on contemporary societies.

Structural Racism and Institutional Discrimination: Study the systemic and institutionalized forms of racism that perpetuate inequality and disadvantage certain racial or ethnic groups. Examine how policies, practices, and structures within education, criminal justice, healthcare, employment, and housing contribute to racial disparities and marginalization. Explore strategies for dismantling structural racism and promoting racial equity.

Racial Identity and Intersectionality: Investigate how racial identity is constructed and experienced by individuals and communities. Explore the intersectionality of race with other social categories, such as gender, class, and sexuality, and how these intersecting identities shape experiences of discrimination and privilege. Examine the psychological and sociocultural aspects of racial identity development.

Microaggressions and Everyday Racism: Explore the concept of microaggressions, which are subtle, everyday acts of discrimination that communicate derogatory or negative messages to individuals based on their race. Investigate the impact of microaggressions on mental health, well-being, and identity formation. Examine strategies for recognizing and addressing microaggressions in various settings.

Find: Technology and Social Media Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Anti-Racism Education and Interventions: Study the effectiveness of educational interventions and programs aimed at reducing racism, promoting inclusivity, and fostering intercultural understanding. Explore strategies for addressing implicit bias and promoting empathy and allyship. Investigate the role of educational institutions, community organizations, and policymakers in implementing anti-racist initiatives.

Media Representation and Stereotyping: Investigate how media representations shape public attitudes, reinforce stereotypes, and perpetuate racial bias. Examine the role of media in shaping racial narratives, including the portrayal of racial and ethnic minorities in news, entertainment, and advertising. Explore alternative media platforms and interventions aimed at challenging harmful stereotypes and promoting positive racial representations.

Health Disparities and Racism: Study the impact of racism on health outcomes and healthcare disparities. Investigate the social determinants of health that contribute to racial disparities, such as access to healthcare, environmental racism, and racial bias in healthcare delivery. Explore strategies for promoting health equity and eliminating racial health disparities.

Racism and its impact on mental health.

Racism as a social problem.

Racism in education.

Racism in the criminal justice system.

Racism in the media.

Racism in the workplace.

The causes of racism.

The different forms of racism.

The effects of racism on individuals and society.

The history of racism and its impact on society.

Racism is a major barrier to social cohesion and harmony.

Racism is a major cause of discrimination and prejudice.

Racism is a major problem in our society today and it needs to be addressed.

Racism is a major source of tension and conflict in our society.

How do people of color experience racism in the United States?

How has racism changed over time in the United States?

How has racism impacted the lives of people of color in the United States?

What are the current manifestations of racism in the United States?

What are the economic effects of racism on people of color in the United States?

What are the educational effects of racism on people of color in the United States?

What are the health effects of racism on people of color in the United States?

What are the origins of racism in the United States?

What are the psychological effects of racism on people of color in the United States?

What are the social effects of racism on people of color in the United States?

The challenges of addressing racism in the workplace.

The challenges of living in a racially diverse society.

The different forms of racism and their effects on individuals and society.

The impact of racism on economic, social, and political life.

The impact of racism on personal relationships.

The role of education in combating racism.

The role of race in shaping individual and group identity.

The role of the media in perpetuating or challenging racism.

The ways in which racism is perpetuated through institutional policies and practices.

How can racism be prevented?

How does racism affect people?

How does racism affect society?

How has racism changed over time?

Is racism a global problem?

Racism and Discrimination in the Workplace

Racism and the Criminal Justice System

Racism in America: A History from Slavery to Today

The Impact of Racism on African Americans

The Impact of Racism on Mental Health

The Role of Media in Promoting Racism

The School-to-Prison Pipeline: How Racism Contributes to the Mass Incarceration of African Americans

What are the causes of racism?

What are the consequences of racism?

What are the different forms of racism?

What are the solutions to racism?

What is the history of racism?

Education is key to combating racism and promoting social justice.

Racism can be manifested in the form of individual prejudice, institutional discrimination, or hate crimes.

Racism has a long history in the United States, dating back to the colonial era.

Racism is a complex issue that cannot be solved overnight.

Racism is a form of discrimination that is based on the belief that one race is superior to another.

Racism is a global problem that affects people of all races and ethnicities.

Racism is a social construct that has been used to justify discrimination and violence against certain groups of people

Racism is often used as a justification for xenophobic and anti-immigrant sentiment.

The Black Lives Matter movement has brought renewed attention to the problem of racism in America.

The rise of Donald Trump and the alt-right has emboldened racists and white supremacists in the United States.

In conclusion, research on racism is crucial for understanding its complex nature and developing strategies to combat it effectively. By investigating the historical, structural, and psychological dimensions of racism, researchers can contribute to dismantling discriminatory systems, promoting social justice, and fostering inclusive societies. Through continued research and collective action, we can work towards creating a more equitable and just world for all individuals, regardless of their race or ethnicity.

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Steve George is Blogger, a marketer and content writer. He has B.A. in Economics from the University of Washington. Read more about Mzuri Mag .

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248 Racism Essay Topics To Inspire Your Writing

248 Racism Essay Topics

If you are reading this article, it probably means you are looking for the best racism essay topics. After all, you want to get a top grade on your next academic paper. The good news is that we have compiled a list of brand new topics for high school, college and university students right here on this page. And yes, all these topics are 100% free. You can use them in any way you see fit (you can even reword them). There is no need to give us any credit.

In addition to the list of unique racism essay topics, we also have some great tips on how to write the perfect essay in the shortest time possible. Remember, our experts are here to assist you with any kind of assignment right now, even if it’s the middle of the night. If you don’t require professional writing help right now, just pick one of our topics and start writing your essay!

Quick Way to Write an Essay About Racism

Before we get to the topics we have prepared for you, it’s time to talk about how you can write an essay about racism quickly and get a top grade on it. We won’t get into many details because we assume you already know what is racism essay. So, here is what you need to do if you want to write your paper fast:

Choose one of our topics. Make sure that topic you choose is original and interesting. You want your paper to stand out from the rest. Think about a strong racism thesis statement. It should be just one or two sentences long. The thesis statement is basically the goal of your research. Create a racism essay outline. Remember, even our most experienced academic writers start their projects with an outline. It will keep you focused on the most important talking points. Write the introduction and don’t forget to start it with your thesis statement. Provide a bit of background information about the topic and transition to the first body paragraph. Write three body paragraphs. Each one of them should discuss a single idea that supports your thesis. It’s a good idea to start the paragraph with a statement and use the rest of the paragraph to support it. Write the conclusion. In this section, you have to summarize everything and show your readers that your findings answer the research questions. Edit and proofread your work at least twice. Keep in mind that you can quickly lose points for minor mistakes such as typos or improperly formatted citations/references.

Best Race Topics to Write About

Now that you have a quick guide to follow, it’s time to show you some of the best race topics to write about. Keep in mind that this list of topics is updated periodically and that we go to great lengths to make sure every student has access to the latest original topics. Furthermore, you can contact us with a “ write my dissertation for me UK ” message and we will happily help you save your time and nerves. So, what are you waiting for? Pick one of these topics and start writing your paper:

Racism Argumentative Essay Topics

We will start our list with some very interesting racism argumentative essay topics because we know these are some of the most popular assignments nowadays. Here are some of our latest ideas:

  • The best way to put an end to racism
  • Things the need to change to end racial discrimination
  • Gender bias versus racism
  • Top 5 celebrities fired for racism
  • Racial bias in Canada
  • Discuss the role of racism in our society
  • Systemic versus indirect racism
  • The consequences of racism
  • Talk about the evolution of civil rights in America
  • Discuss race-motivated crime in the UK
  • The state of racism in 2023
  • Why do most Black people earn less than white people?

Race and Ethnicity Essay Topics

Are you interested in writing your academic paper on something related to race and ethnicity? Our experts have compiled a list of unique race and ethnicity essay topics just for you:

  • The differences between race and ethnicity
  • Research the ethnicities of South Africa
  • Talk about the Mexican ethnicity in the United States
  • An in-depth analysis of your ethnicity
  • Talk about the concept of ethnic relations
  • Link between race, ethnicity and culture
  • Analyze ethnicities in the United States
  • Race, ethnicity and religion in the United Kingdom
  • Analyze the concept of ethnicity on social media
  • Analyze the Hispanic ethnicity in the US
  • Discuss ethnic cleansing incidents in history

Easy Essay Topics on Racism

Pick one of these easy essay topics on racism is you want to spend just a couple of hours writing your paper. Keep in mind that some of these topics may be a bit too simple for some professors:

  • Define racism and give some examples
  • Talk about racism in ancient history
  • What is an act of racism
  • Talk about anti-racism legislation
  • Discuss ways to prevent racist behavior
  • Modern examples of racist behavior
  • COVID-19 and racism in the United States
  • Negative effects of racism on culture
  • How does racism affect Black people in the US?
  • Negative effects of racism on science
  • Racism in our law enforcement agencies

Our Latest Racism Essay Ideas

In this section, we are constantly adding our latest racism essay ideas. You can rest assured that these topics are all original, so go ahead and choose one right now:

  • Talk about the stigma associated with racism
  • Are all Muslims terrorists?
  • Talk about the Quaker initiatives
  • Social reactions to racist remarks
  • Famous anti-racist movements
  • Confronting systemic racism in the UK
  • Talk about the “merciless Indian savage” passage of the Declaration of Independence
  • Discuss Islamophobia in the world today
  • An in-depth look at the Abolitionist movement

Race and Ethnic Relations Essay Topics

Of course, we also have plenty of race and ethnic relations essay topics for high school, college and university students. Choose one of these ideas and start writing your paper today:

  • Ethnic relations in the 21st century
  • Talk about the life of James Loewen
  • Talk about the concept of scientific anti-racism
  • Talk about the first racial equality proposal
  • Discuss ethnic relations in South Korea
  • Talk about John Brown’s blessing (painting)
  • The life of Friedrich Tiedemann
  • Discuss the rise of BLM (Black Lives Matter)
  • The role of the UN Human Rights Council Special Rapporteur

Topics for Race Discrimination Essays

Writing about race discrimination can be a very effective way to get a top grade, as we’re sure you already know. To help you out, we have compiled a list of the best topics for race discrimination essays right here:

  • What is the Anti-Nazi League?
  • Analyze racial discrimination in healthcare
  • The importance of the World Conference against Racism
  • The life and works of Richard Wright
  • The role of Layla Saad in fighting racism
  • A closer look at the Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism
  • Give an example of racial discrimination
  • Talk about race discrimination at the workplace
  • Authors that have been deemed racist

Persuasive Topics About Racism

Are you looking to persuade your audience to adopt your point of view on a sensible subject related to racism? No problem, we’ve got your back! Here are our latest persuasive topics about racism:

  • Racism is even bigger than we know
  • The link between nationalism and racism
  • The link between gender and racial discrimination
  • Most famous anti-racism author
  • Mandatory prison sentences for proven racists
  • Problems with racism in Germany
  • The rise of white supremacy movements
  • Malcolm X: The racism warrior
  • Black writers that never received acknowledgement

Racism Research Topics

If you are interested in writing your paper on a very interesting topic, we have some great racism research topics right here. Check them out below:

  • The most controversial racism writer
  • Research the mental health effects of racism
  • Research the rise and fall of Klu Klux Klan
  • Analyze the negative effects of racial bias
  • Discuss wages in relation to race
  • Research the history of racism
  • Racism on social media
  • Discuss racism in our schools
  • Talk about racism in our judicial system

Racism Essay Thesis Topics

We know that you may be looking for some topics for a thesis on racism. This is why we have put together a list of original racism essay thesis topics for students:

  • The new racism in the US
  • The impact of racism on my professional life
  • The role of anti-racist education
  • Talk about race relations and criminal gangs in the United States
  • The link between prejudice and racism
  • Racism against Black Americans
  • Research the Critical Race Theory
  • The life of Martin Luther King Jr.
  • The fights against racism in Europe

Injustice Essay Topics

Injustice (including racial injustice) is a very sensible subject nowadays. However, don’t be afraid to pick a topic related to injustice. Here are some of the best injustice essay topics you can find today:

  • Talk about the book The One-Way Street of Integration (written by Edward G. Goetz)
  • The sad truth behind Indian reservations
  • Racial injustice in Austria
  • Poverty in Indian reservations in the US
  • Research racial injustice in sub-Saharan countries
  • Racial injustice and racial bias
  • Discrimination against women of color
  • Talk about injustice done to native Indians
  • Social injustice in developed countries

Best Racism Research Questions

We have discovered that the best way to find a great topic for your next paper is to take a look at some intriguing research questions. Below, you will find our best racism research questions:

  • What is racism?
  • Is there a link between Covid-19 and anti-Asian racism?
  • What causes racism?
  • Can racism cause psychological problems?
  • How do you feel when somebody calls you racist?
  • Was Hitler a racist?
  • What is the difference between racism and xenophobia?
  • How do we stop white supremacy?
  • What is racial bias?
  • Does the police use racist tactics today?
  • What is the extent of racial discrimination in the US?
  • What is the anti-Semitic movement?
  • Does racism affect scientific decisions?
  • What caused the most popular racial myths?
  • Is human thinking the only cause of racism?
  • Can racism appear in the peer-review process?
  • What is the anti-Indigenous movement in the US?

Topics for an Essay About Racial Inequality

As you probably already know, racial inequality is a hot potato nowadays. This does not mean you should not write a paper about it though. Take a look at these great topics for an essay about racial inequality:

  • Analyze the book Driving While Black written by Gretchen Sorin
  • Racial inequality in Zimbabwe
  • Negative effects of racial inequality
  • Racial inequality in Zanzibar
  • 3 manifestations of racial inequality
  • Racial inequality in India
  • Why is racial inequality still a problem?
  • Racial inequality in Afghanistan
  • Racial inequality in Israel (against Palestinians)

Solution to Racism Essay Topics

Our experts are here to help you if you need to write an essay about the solution to racism. We have some of the most interesting solution to racism essay topics for you right here:

  • The ultimate solution to racism
  • What can we do to stop racism?
  • People who have fought racism and won
  • Celebrating other cultures
  • Banning hate speech from the media
  • Teaching anti-racism classes in school
  • Establishing new human rights organizations
  • Think about the best solution against racism
  • Imagine a world without racism

Informative Topics Related to Racism

Are you looking for some informative topics related to racism? Don’t worry, we’ve got plenty of them. Take a look at the list below and choose the topic you like the most right now:

  • Racism in Ancient Egypt
  • Peculiarities of racism in the UK
  • Discuss racism and xenophobia in Thailand
  • Analyze racism from a racist’s POV
  • What it means to be a racist in America
  • The 4 important parts of racism
  • Talk about anti-Asian hate
  • Hate crimes in the modern world
  • Terrorism and hate crimes

Illuminating Racism Topics

Finding interesting and original topics about racism can be difficult, we know. This is why we have created a list of the most illuminating racism topics. You can find it right here:

  • 5 famous racists
  • Compare and contrast racism and xenophobia
  • Discuss racial bias and gender bias
  • Racism in science
  • Are humans racist by nature?
  • Famous racist remarks
  • Is racism 100% hate?
  • The coronavirus and the hate against Asian people
  • Hate crimes against women in the US

Revealing Topics About Racism

Some topics in racism have the potential to earn you some very useful bonus points from your professor. Check out our list of revealing topics about racism right here:

  • Discuss the book “A More Beautiful and Terrible History” (written by Jeanne Theoharis)
  • Signs of racism in the United Knigdom
  • Talk about the targets of racial discrimination
  • Discuss the effects of racism on mental health
  • A closer look at police brutality in the US
  • Analyze the term “casual racism”
  • How can we recognize racism?
  • A closer look at hate speech in Western Europe
  • Is racism and bias the same thing?
  • Understanding systemic racism in the United States
  • Talk about slavery and racism
  • Discuss racism in Nazi Germany

Essential Racism Research Questions

Our experts know that students can quickly find a great topic for their next essay simply by looking at some essential racism research questions. Here are some of our latest ideas:

  • When did the term “racism” first appear?
  • Is racism such a wide-spread phenomenon?
  • What caused the apartheid in South Africa?
  • Can you find any signs of racism in Ancient Rome?
  • Do all racists deserve prison sentences?
  • What makes a person become racist?
  • How can we effectively combat racism?
  • Can racist remarks ever be considered harmless?
  • Who was Martin Luther King?
  • Why is racism such a big deal in the United States today?
  • Do we need more severe anti-racism laws?
  • What does white supremacy mean to you?
  • What does white privilege mean to you?
  • Can you find signs of racism in religious texts?
  • What is afrophobia?
  • What is indirect racism?
  • What is white supremacy?

Controversial Racism Topics

As you can imagine, racism can cause a lot of controversies. However, we encourage you to write your paper on one of these controversial racism topics to get some bonus points from your professor:

  • Racial discrimination in politics
  • Racial bias in healthcare
  • Failed anti-racism movements
  • Inequalities between Black and white Americans
  • International human rights and racism
  • Racism and oppression in Palestine
  • Racism in schools
  • Talk about racial equity
  • Is bullying racism?

Great Racism Essay Ideas

In the list below, we have selected only what we consider to be great racism essay ideas. Yes, there are many other interesting ideas in our list, but these topics will work great in 2023:

  • Fight racism in your neighborhood
  • Examples of racist politicians
  • A closer look at the book “The Origin of Others”
  • Talk about racism laws
  • Racism’s effects on language acquisition
  • Discuss systemic racism in Europe
  • What is the American Apartheid?
  • Discuss the book “The Souls of Black Folk”
  • What makes a speech racist?

Important Issues Related to Racism

You don’t have to write your paper on a topic closely linked to racism to make a point. There are many other important issues related to racism that you can talk about, such as:

  • Racism in the 21st century
  • Racial inequality in Australia
  • New anti-racism movements
  • 3 new forms of racism
  • Racism in 2023
  • The evolution of hate speech
  • Racial bias in developing countries
  • Talk about the book “Racism: A Short History”
  • Who is Rachel Cargle?

Complex Topics Related to Racism

College and university students should choose topics that are a bit more complex. Your professor expects you to do extensive research and write an excellent paper. This is why we have a list of complex topics related to racism right here:

  • Can we ever get rid of racism?
  • Hate speech in North Korea
  • Racist remarks by Donald Trump
  • A world built on racism
  • Discuss racism in international corporations
  • Racism at Apple: a case study
  • Racism against Black activists
  • Racial bias in the US justice system
  • Capitalist forces and racism

Fight Against Racism Topics

Would you like to write about the fight against racism? If you don’t know where to start or what to write about, all you have to do is take a look at some of these interesting ideas:

  • The life and works of Charlene A. Carruthers
  • Talk about defunding the police
  • Talk about the concept of racial justice
  • The evolution of the Black Lives Matter movement
  • The life and works of D’atra Jackson
  • Controversies related to the BLM movement
  • Lee Merritt: fighting racism with words
  • Demilitarizing the police in the US
  • Discuss the role of racism in the history of the US

Racism Topics for College Students

Our writers and editors selected some of the best racism topics for college students, so that you don’t have to waste your time scouring the Internet for them. Check them out below:

  • Talk about racism in Israel
  • Define and discuss structural racism
  • An in-depth look at race-motivated crime in Europe
  • An in-depth look at the 3 most prominent cases of racism of 2023
  • Talk about hate crimes in North America
  • The psychology behind racism
  • What is race-based hate crime?
  • Ways to fight against racism in 2023
  • The impact of racism on our society
  • Analyze the book Mainstream Black Power (Tom Adam Davies)
  • Talk about a racism incident in your area
  • Notable civil rights movements in your area

Race Relations Essay Topics

Finally, we have an entire list of race relations essay topics for students of all ages – everywhere in the world. Choose one of these topics and write an A+ essay right now:

  • Race relations in Ukraine (Russian and Ukrainian citizens)
  • A closer look at civil rights in Palestine
  • Race relations in modern America
  • Discuss race relations in Israel
  • Analyze race relations in China
  • Talk about race relations in India
  • Discuss racial injustice in African countries
  • Research the apartheid in South Africa
  • Compare 3 views on race relations
  • Civil rights movements in Eastern Europe
  • Racial injustice in the Middle East
  • An in-depth look at the ethnic background in North Korea

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152 Stereotypes Essay Topics

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195 Top Racism Essay Topics for Excellent Essays

racism is a pandemic sign

Racism is an insidious and pervasive issue that has plagued societies for centuries, causing deep-rooted division, discrimination, and injustice.

Whether it takes the form of overt acts of violence and hatred or subtle, systemic biases and prejudices, the effects of racism can be felt in every aspect of our lives. From education and employment to healthcare and housing, race plays a significant role in determining our opportunities and experiences.

Now since racism issues are quite complex, you may need help selecting a good title for racism essay. Join us as we explore some current race topics to write about, affecting individuals and communities at large.

Top Essay Topics on Racism in US

In the United States, racism has been a pervasive and enduring problem, affecting marginalized communities and perpetuating inequality. These essay on racial inequality explores the history, impact, and intersectionality of racism with other forms of oppression.

  • The History and Evolution of Racism in the United States.
  • The intersectionality of racism with other forms of oppression, such as sexism and homophobia
  • The role of systemic racism in perpetuating inequality in education, healthcare, and other institutions
  • The Impact of racial profiling and police brutality on Black and Brown communities
  • The Portrayal of Race in the Media and its impact on public perception
  • The impact of COVID-19 on racism and discrimination towards Asian Americans
  • The Experiences of biracial individuals navigating racism and Identity in the US
  • The Impact of Gentrification and urban renewal on Communities of Color
  • The role of cultural appropriation in perpetuating racial stereotypes and erasing cultural identities
  • The impact of racist policies, such as the War on Drugs, on communities of color
  • The Relationship between Race and socioeconomic status in the US
  • The impact of racial disparities in the criminal justice system on communities of color
  • The Role of Allyship and Activism in combating racism in the US.
  • The effectiveness of Affirmative action policies in combating Racism
  • The impact of racism on marginalized communities in the US

Top Social Media and Racism Research Paper Topics

Social media has become a powerful tool for communication and social interaction, but it has also been used to perpetuate racist ideologies and hate speech. These essay on racism today examines the impact of social media on racism.

  • The role of social media in perpetuating racist ideologies and hate speech.
  • The impact of social media algorithms on the spread of racist content.
  • An analysis of how social media companies have responded to racism on their platforms.
  • The impact of social media on the formation of racial identity and self-concept.
  • An examination of the experiences of Black social media users and how they navigate racism online.
  • The role of social media in facilitating and disrupting allyship and antiracism work.
  • A study of how social media can promote racial justice and equity.
  • An analysis of how social media platforms amplify the voices of marginalised communities.
  • The intersection of social media, racism, and political polarisation.
  • The impact of social media on the racial attitudes and beliefs of young people.
  • A study of how social media companies can be held accountable for the spread of racist content.
  • An examination of how social media can be used to challenge and disrupt systemic racism.
  • A comparative analysis of racist discourse on Twitter and Facebook.
  • A study of the relationship between online hate speech and offline hate crimes.
  • The relationship between social media use and perceived discrimination.

Good Racism Topics for Essay Thesis

Racism remains a pervasive issue in modern society, affecting institutions and individuals across various spheres. These thesis on racism explores the history and impact of institutional racism.

  • The history and impact of institutional racism in the United States.
  • The Role of Race in the criminal justice system.
  • The effects of microaggressions on marginalized groups.
  • The intersection of race and education.
  • The relationship between race and healthcare disparities.
  • The impact of race on housing and neighbourhood segregation.
  • The role of race in employment discrimination.
  • The Intersection of Race and Gender in systemic oppression.
  • The impact of white privilege and allyship in anti-racism work.
  • The historical and ongoing effects of colonization on Indigenous peoples.
  • The effects of racism on mental health and well-being.
  • The role of social media in perpetuating or combating racism.
  • The psychological effects of racism on individuals and communities.
  • The impact of racist rhetoric in politics.
  • The portrayal of race in the media and its impact on society.

Top 15 Argumentative Essay Topics About Race

These argumentative essay topics on racism delve into the effects of systemic racism on communities of color and the need for reform in the criminal justice system:

  • The impact of systemic racism on the Black community in America.
  • Racial profiling and discrimination in law enforcement.
  • The significance of affirmative action policies in promoting diversity and equal opportunity.
  • The controversy surrounding race-based admissions in higher education.
  • The Role of Media in shaping public perception of Race and Ethnicity.
  • The implications of race-based hate crimes and their impact on society.
  • The role of race in the criminal justice system and the need for reform.
  • The effects of racial segregation on communities and individuals.
  • The impact of race and ethnicity on healthcare disparities.
  • The role of education in addressing racial inequalities and promoting diversity.
  • The impact of racism on mental health and well-being.
  • The importance of acknowledging and addressing historical injustices related to race.
  • The effects of cultural appropriation on marginalized communities.
  • The intersectionality of race and gender and how it affects social and political issues.
  • The impact of immigration policies on racial and ethnic minorities.

Excellent Injustice Essay Topics

These racism topics for essay delve into the various forms of social and economic oppression that persist in today’s world. From systemic racism to income inequality and the criminalization of poverty, these topics shed light on the ongoing struggle for social justice and equality.

  • The impact of systemic racism on marginalized communities.
  • The effects of income inequality on social mobility.
  • The mistreatment of migrant workers and immigrants.
  • The persistence of gender inequality in the workplace.
  • The exploitation of low-wage workers in the gig economy.
  • The systemic oppression of indigenous communities.
  • The criminalization of poverty and homelessness.
  • The discrimination faced by LGBTQ+ individuals.
  • The exploitation of natural resources in developing countries.
  • The unequal distribution of healthcare resources.
  • The violation of privacy and civil liberties by governments and corporations.
  • The marginalization of religious and ethnic minorities.
  • The denial of basic human rights to people with disabilities.
  • The disproportionate impact of climate change on vulnerable communities.
  • The unjust treatment of minority groups in the criminal justice system.

Good Racism Persuasive Essay Topics

These top racism thesis topics explore the impact of systemic racism on marginalized communities:

  • The Impact of systemic racism on marginalized communities
  • The importance of education in combating racism
  • The role of media in perpetuating racist stereotypes
  • The need for diversity and inclusion in the workplace
  • The consequences of police brutality on communities of color
  • The Role of the criminal justice system in perpetuating racism
  • The need for reparations to address the harm caused by racism
  • The Impact of racial discrimination on mental health
  • The need for anti-racism policies and practices in schools
  • The effects of white privilege and how it perpetuates racism
  • The importance of allyship in combating racism
  • The intersectionality of racism with other forms of oppression, such as sexism and homophobia.
  • The importance of acknowledging and learning from past racist actions
  • The impact of cultural appropriation on marginalized groups

Top Racism Informative Essay Topics

These essay on racial inequality covers a broad range of issues, from the history and causes of racism to the effects of microaggressions and colorism:

  • The Role of Education in fighting racism
  • The Impact of Racism on mental health
  • Racial profiling and its negative effects on communities of color
  • The effects of microaggressions on people of color
  • Systemic racism in the criminal justice system
  • The impact of the media on the perpetuation of racism
  • The impact of racism on economic inequality
  • The effects of colorism on people of color
  • The Impact of Racism on healthcare access and Outcomes
  • The Impact of Racism on political participation and Representation
  • The Impact of Racism on environmental justice
  • The effectiveness of anti-racist policies and initiatives.
  • The History of Racism in America: Causes and Effects
  • The Intersectionality of race and gender discrimination
  • The Impact of Colonialism on Racism in former colonies

15 Short Essay Topics Racism

Exploring the complex and pervasive issue of racism, these short racism essay topics cover history, psychology, media, education, allyship, and more. Each topic sheds light on the different facets of this pressing social issue.

  • The history of systemic racism in America and its current impact on communities of color.
  • The psychological effects of experiencing racism on individuals and communities.
  • How media and entertainment perpetuate racist stereotypes and biases.
  • The role of education in combating racism and promoting diversity and inclusion.
  • The intersectionality of racism with other forms of discrimination, such as sexism or homophobia.
  • The impact of police brutality and systemic racism on Black and Brown communities in America.
  • The history and current state of white privilege and its effects on society.
  • The impact of racist policies, such as redlining or voter suppression, on communities of color.
  • The role of allyship in combating racism and promoting racial justice.
  • The impact of racism on mental health and access to healthcare for marginalized communities.
  • How technology and social media perpetuate and combat racism in society.
  • The potential solutions to combating racism and promoting a more equitable and just society.
  • The impact of racist language and microaggressions on individuals and communities.
  • The history and legacy of colonialism and its impact on global systems of power and privilege.
  • How international communities address racism in different parts of the world.

Good Cause and Effect Essay Racism Topics

Racism has far-reaching consequences on society, impacting income, education, and health outcomes. These causes and effects thesis about racism helps better understand how it perpetuates inequality and works towards creating a more just and equitable society.

  • The Impact of systemic racism on income inequality in the United States
  • The Effects of racial profiling on the Relationship between Police and minority communities
  • The Causes and Effects of the school-to-prison Pipeline on Black and brown students
  • The Impact of racial stereotypes on job opportunities and career advancement
  • The Effects of Redlining on the racial wealth gap in America
  • The Causes and Effects of cultural appropriation and its impact on marginalized communities
  • The impact of racist language in media and its effects on social attitudes and behaviors
  • The Causes and Effects of environmental racism on minority communities
  • The Impact of implicit bias on workplace diversity and Inclusion
  • The effects of racial disparities in healthcare on health outcomes for people of color
  • The impact of racial disparities in access to education on academic achievement
  • The effects of the “tough on crime” mentality on the disproportionate incarceration of people of color
  • The causes and effects of the racial wealth gap on social mobility and economic stability
  • The causes and effects of the model minority myth on Asian Americans and other marginalized groups
  • The effects of the war on drugs on communities of color and the criminal justice system

Excellent Racism in Sports Essay Topics

Sports are a unifying force that brings people from diverse backgrounds together. However, racism in sports has been a persistent issue for many years. These research paper on racism cover a wide range of issues, from racist mascots to biased officiating and from cultural appropriation to the impact on mental health:

  • The History and Impact of racist sports mascots in the United States
  • The Impact of racial bias on sports officiating and player recruitment
  • The role of athletes in challenging racism and promoting social justice in sports
  • The influence of media and commentary on the perpetuation of racial stereotypes in sports
  • The history of segregation and discrimination in sports and its lasting effects on athletes and communities
  • The role of sports in fostering racial and cultural unity and understanding
  • The impact of social media and technology on the exposure and response to racist incidents in sports
  • The effects of cultural appropriation and fetishization in sports on marginalized groups
  • The racial disparities in sports fandom and fan culture
  • The impact of racism on the mental health and well-being of athletes of color
  • The role of international sports organizations in addressing and combating racism in sports
  • The impact of racist policies and practices on the accessibility and affordability of sports for marginalized communities
  • The intersections of race, gender, and sexuality in sports and their impact on athletes’ experiences
  • The potential solutions and strategies for addressing and combating racism in sports at all levels.
  • The racial disparities in sports ownership and leadership positions

Racism in Brazil Essay Topics

Racism in Brazil is a complex and deeply rooted issue that affects many aspects of society. These racism essays explore the historical, social, and cultural dimensions of racism in Brazil, examining its impact on individuals, communities, and the broader society.

  • The historical roots of racism in Brazil: A critical analysis Intersectionality and racism in Brazil
  • An Examination of the Experiences of Afro-Brazilian Women
  • The Impact of Media on shaping perceptions of Race in Brazil
  • The Role of Education in combating racism in Brazil
  • The relationship between poverty and racism in Brazil: An exploration of the linkages
  • The Effects of affirmative action policies on reducing racial inequality in Brazil
  • The underrepresentation of Afro-Brazilians in positions of power: A case study of the political system
  • The Impact of police violence on Afro-Brazilian Communities
  • The challenges and successes of Afro-Brazilian activism and social movements in combating racism
  • The cultural appropriation of Afro-Brazilian Traditions and Its Impact on racial stereotypes
  • The intersection of race and gender in Brazilian society: An analysis of the experiences of trans-Afro-Brazilians
  • The impact of globalization on racism in Brazil: An analysis of the influence of international actors and institutions.
  • The relationship between racism and the environment in Brazil: An analysis of environmental racism
  • The portrayal of race in Brazilian literature: An analysis of the works of Afro-Brazilian authors
  • The Influence of Colonialism on race relations in Brazil

15 Essay Topics about the Power and Space of Racism

These essays about racism explore the power and space of racism in various contexts, from the impact of historical legacies on present-day inequalities to the intersectionality of racism and gender:

  • The Historical Roots of Racism and the Use of Power in the Colonization of Indigenous People’s Land
  • The Role of Spatial Segregation in Reinforcing Racial Inequality in Urban Spaces
  • The Intersection of Racism, Power, and Immigration Policy in the United States
  • The Power Dynamics of Racism and the Criminal Justice System: Examining Police Brutality and Mass Incarceration
  • The Role of Racism and Power in Education: Addressing the Achievement Gap
  • The Impact of Redlining and Racially Biased Housing Policies on Communities of Color
  • The Power of Racism and Stereotyping in Media Representation: Examining the Portrayal of Black Women in Popular Culture
  • The Relationship Between Racism, Power, and Healthcare Disparities: Addressing Racial Health Inequities
  • The Role of Racism and Power in Environmental Justice: Examining the Effects of Toxic Waste and Pollution on Communities of Color
  • The Role of White Privilege in Perpetuating Systemic Racism and Power Dynamics
  • The Intersection of Racism, Power, and Gender: Examining the Experiences of Black Women in the Workplace
  • The Role of Racism and Power in Sport: Addressing Discrimination and Inequality in Athletic Spaces
  • The Power Dynamics of Racism and International Relations: Addressing Neocolonialism and Global Inequality
  • The Historical Legacy of Racism and Power in the United States: Examining the Effects of Slavery and Jim Crow
  • The Power Dynamics of Racism and Political Representation: Examining Voting Rights and Political Participation


Essays about racial discrimination can be a sensitive and complex topic that requires a lot of research and analysis.

However, with the help of a reliable writing service , you can get expert guidance and support to write an exceptional racism essay that is well-researched, structured and thought-provoking.

So, if you need assistance writing an essay on racism, do not hesitate to seek help . With their service, you can rest assured that your racism essays will be well-crafted, articulate and impactful.

Alexa Donne is an exceptional online writer who is skilled and passionate about her work. She creates high-quality content that captivates the readers’ attention and ensures you get the best grade in your research papers and essays.

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60 Racism Essay Topics for Any Purpose

Choosing an interesting topic for discussion in an academic paper is always a challenge. And there is a theme that always has a lot to write about: racism. This topic is quite broad. You can write about your attitude to racism, provide an overview of its history, raise awareness of this issue, or analyze the current state of things with racism. Whatever position you take, you should first find an appropriate topic. That is why this article where we collected popular racism essay topics will be of much help to you. So go on and pick your favorite one!

How to Choose a Good Essay Topic on Racism?

Selecting a topic about racism is not easy. Even though it seems like you already know what to do research on, still this problem has many fields for discussion. So before you start writing an introduction, you have to come up with a creative and appropriate topic.

When choosing essay topics on racism, you have to orientate on the factor that it is important to explain this issue from many angles. Racism academic papers should not only be filled with your thoughts on how bad it is and how people struggle with it. You should also write about the origins of this problem and ways to overcome it. So when making your choice regarding one topic about racism, make sure it meets the following criteria:

  • You are passionate about it. Nothing can make your paper more successful than your interest in it.
  • You know something about that subject. If you are already into that topic, it will be much easier to write a good paper.
  • You have found enough sources about it. Every good paper is based on solid proof and facts.
  • You find it controversial. Good racism essay titles always have different points of view.

So as you might see, choosing the right racism topic for your research is crucial as the whole work will depend on it. No worries though, as we have prepared for you multiple topic ideas so you will definitely find your one!

Argumentative Essay Topics About Racism

Racism essay topics can be perfectly discovered in an argumentative type of essay. There can be multiple arguments built around this theme. In this section, we have gathered engaging racism topics for writing argumentative essays.

  • Black Lives Matter movement: a strong confrontation of racism.
  • What is Dismantling Institutional Racism?
  • Can racism be treated as an illness?
  • The contribution of Malcolm X to resolving racism issues.
  • Is Islamophobia a type of racism?
  • How do African American influencers help fight racism in social media?
  • What is the film “The Boy in the Striped Pajamas” useful for?
  • Racism at a workplace: ways to prevent it.
  • Would Michael Jackson be perceived the same if he didn’t change his skin color?
  • Are there any negative sides to the Black Lives Matter movement?
  • Overview of the forms of racism.
  • What is the main factor that makes a person a racist?
  • In what forms does racism exist in the media?
  • Does racism come from religion?
  • The problem of racism at schools and ways of solving it.
  • The main message of “The White Man’s Burden” by Rudyard Kipling.
  • Should racism be treated by specialists?
  • Academic explanation of racism: does it even exist?
  • Why children don’t share racism and treat each other equally?
  • Is there a connection between racism and feminism?

Racism Persuasive Essay Topics

When it comes to explaining your position and making the audience think about it, the best way to do that is to write a persuasive essay. In the case of racism topics, you can be really free in proving your point of view since there are many sides to take on this topic. So below, you will find more examples of topics to write a persuasive essay about.

  • Where do we find more racism: in the United States or in Germany?
  • Do we still face antisemitism in the 21st century?
  • Is racism in any way beneficial?
  • Does the media promote racism?
  • Should we call racism a global problem?
  • Do people acquire racial prejudice or are born with it?
  • The difference in attitude to African Americans and Mexican Americans.
  • The connection of racism with nazism.
  • “Get out” movie and its message about racism.
  • Color-blind racial ideology.
  • Does systemic or institutional racism really exist?
  • Why is it important to talk about racism to children?
  • Is Black Poverty caused by racism in the first place?
  • The issue of racism in “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain.
  • What reforms should be done in the United States to fight racism?
  • Chinese Americans and racism.
  • The connection between homophobia and racism.
  • Globalization and racism.
  • Racism and the American Psychological Association.
  • Does racism become natural in society?

Racism Research Paper Topics

College students know for sure that in order to write an A+ research paper, it is essential to find a theme that would give a lot of ideas to write about. And racism is one of the suitable topics to build a research paper on. So here you will get inspiration from racism topics for research paper.

  • Comparative analysis of racial prejudice in the United States and the United Kingdom.
  • Voodoo culture and racism.
  • The African-American culture: factors that show it is influenced by racial prejudice.
  • Overview of the movies that represent criminal cases of racism in the US.
  • Juzz: the music of Black musicians.
  • The rise of racism during Trump’s presidency.
  • The analysis of racism in different countries.
  • The history of racial prejudice in the world.
  • Is there racism in the Disney Corporations?
  • What health issues do people who are being bullied for their skin color suffer from?
  • Controversial ideas of racism in the works of Ernest Hemingway.
  • Psychological methods of fighting racism.
  • The history of the Ku Klux Klan.
  • The connection between xenophobia and racism.
  • How is gangsta rap connected with racial prejudice?
  • Is there racism in Shakespeare’s “Othello”?
  • Does slavery come from racism?
  • Cultural racism definition.
  • Racism in education: what problems does it cause?
  • Aboriginal racism in Australia.

Examples of Racism Questions for Essay

As soon as you choose one topic among multiple racism topics for essay, you are ready to start writing your work. And we want to give you some more examples of how to explain the theme of racism in academic papers. You can use these questions as an inspiration for what to write about in your essay and how to make a smooth transition from one paragraph to another.

So while writing about racism, you can rise the following questions:

  • What is the history of racism? – Almost in every theme about racial prejudice, it is necessary to write about how this was in the past and what it brought for today.
  • What impact does racism have on health? – This question could lead to a dissertation as racial prejudice causes a lot of mental and even physical illnesses for people who are being treated differently because of their skin color.
  • What measures can be done to stop racism from rising? – Solutions are what every academic paper has to have. And you as a researcher should include this point in your work.
  • What does racism look like in a certain country? – A good question to hook the audience in your essay is to analyze the racism issue in a certain country.
  • How does racism exist in society? – Analyzing people’s behavior and social problems is always a good idea to focus on in your academic work.
  • What are the forms of racism? – When providing research on racism, it is also important to cover its forms since this issue can be revealed in many social aspects.
  • How does racism exist in education? – It is not a novelty that even in educational institutions students are being bullied. So that is also a task for teachers to identify this problem and overcome it.
  • How does racial prejudice exist in the media? – Even in the media, there is still racism. And it is important to talk about it, especially in academic works.
  • How to deal with racism in the workplace? – One of the racism essay ideas can be to look at it in the workplace as many workers are treated disrespectfully because of their origins.
  • Why is it important to strive to fight racism? – It is essential to write that fighting racism equals bringing more harmony to the world.

Need Help Writing an Essay on Racism?

If you want besides choosing topics about racism for essay get help from a professional essay writing service , then you can definitely count on us. We offer a variety of services for academic writing purposes so students could rest assured about their writing tasks.

We have a professional team of writers from whom you can buy persuasive essay , ask for definition essay topics , get help with writing your research paper, or submit your paper for editing and proofreading. Here is what we also provide:

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How to choose a racism essay topic?

If you are choosing race and ethnicity essay topics, pay attention to these factors: your knowledge of the topic; your interest in it; the topic’s controversial character, and a solid base of resources.

What is a good racism essay topic?

When defining what racism argumentative essay topics are good, first take into account how much you like it and whether it is an actual problem or not.

How many racism paper topics do you have?

We provide more than hundreds of good essay topics about racism, so you can always check our article or ask for help from our writers with the topic selection for your paper about racism.

What are easy racism essay topics to write about?

The easiest topics about racism are those that are the most familiar to you. In fact, writing about this issue is never easy but it is worth doing research.

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378 Racism Topics for Essays & Research Papers

racism topics for essay

Racism is a combination of prejudices and discrimination against a person, group, or entire society. People are singled out and judged and considered a minority due to their origin. All in all, racism is the belief that some races are superior to others.

Today, you may often hear the term systemic or institutional racism . In essence, it is a failure of an organization or society to treat the representatives of all races equally. It is an inability to exclude prejudice and negligence towards non-dominant ethnic groups in regulations and laws.

Even though the world is continuously progressing, racial issues remain unresolved up till nowadays. Thus, your school or college instructor may ask you to write a paper on this topic. In this article, you will find outstanding racism essay topics and valuable tips prepared by our team .

🔝 Top 10 Racism Essay Topics

  • 🤔 Thought-Provoking Racism Questions

✅ Original Racism Essay Titles

  • 📙 Simple Topics About Racism

🔎 Racism Topics for Research Paper

✍️ how to write a racism essay outline, 🔗 references.

  • Racial injustice throughout the years.
  • Racial equality as told in schools.
  • The effect of racism on globalization.
  • Racial issues in education.
  • Overcoming racial prejudices.
  • How does racism shape poverty?
  • Racial equality in Shakespeare’s Othello .
  • Scandalous racial injustice in sports.
  • Systematic racism in To Kill a Mockingbird.
  • The Black Lives Matter movement.

🤔 Thought-Provoking Racism Questions for Essay

  • What is the essence of the Black Lives Matter movement ?
  • What are the effects of American racial prejudice and racism ?
  • Black Lives Matter : Its tools for addressing racial issues.
  • Excessive use of force towards Afro-Americans: Possible consequences.
  • Prejudices against Afro-Americans: How to fight them.
  • How does racial segregation contribute to concentrated poverty in minority communities ?
  • The history of anti-racial movements in the US.
  • The usage of derogatory lexis towards Afro-Americans by Afro-Americans.
  • Afro-American impact on the US culture .
  • What are the effects of police racial profiling on people’s attitudes ?
  • How to differentiate between offensive and non-offensive words for people of color ?
  • Color blindness: The essence of notion.
  • The difference between non-racists and anti-racists.
  • Why should racial profiling be banned ?
  • Racial bias: Typical associations.
  • The most effective ways to combat racism.
  • Anti-racial community development: The challenges activists face.
  • Policy: How to overcoming racial profiling ?
  • Friends of different racial backgrounds: Does race matter?
  • From conversations about racial issues toward community engagement.
  • How to make conversations about racism effective?
  • What is the racism impact on African-American communities in the US ?
  • How to approach people who hold racist views?
  • White supremacy: The history of the notion.
  • The best ways to overcome racial prejudices.
  • Has race relations improved since the Civil War ?
  • The notion of white privilege: What does it embrace?
  • Acknowledgment of injustice : The first step of tackling racial issues.
  • Biological differences between races: How true is it?
  • How do various races and ethnicities view the library ?
  • Can Afro-Americans be racist?
  • The evolution of the definition of “race” in the 19th-20th century.
  • Effective ways to resist racist policies.
  • Race and crime: Is there a correlation ?
  • Racism and racial bias: Two sides of one notion.
  • How did Confederate history contribute to black movements?
  • The peculiarities of neo-Confederate political program.
  • How does skin complexion affects African Americans ?
  • African heritage : The ways to preserve it.
  • The role of Martin Luther King in the civil rights movement.
  • The role of Afro-Americans in the Civil War.
  • What are the African American female principals’ challenges ?
  • The origins of racism on the American continent.
  • Racism as a social phenomenon.
  • Racial discrimination in the US: Modern challenges.
  • How has slavery shaped the lives of African Americans ?
  • Why is racism called anti-scientific?
  • The types and forms of racism.
  • How does philosophy explain racism?
  • What is the history of civil rights of African Americans ?
  • What kind of a person can be called racist?
  • What is the difference between racism and discrimination ?
  • What are the most racist countries in the world?
  • How does the black feminist theory impact African American women ?
  • Is there racism in African countries?
  • What is the difference between traditional and modern racism?
  • Racism as a reflection of social problems.
  • What are the rights of African Americans ?
  • The history of police arbitrariness against Afro-Americans.
  • Subdued racism: Where does it hide?
  • Racial ghetto: History and modern state.
  • How to stop African American males dropping out of high school ?
  • The role of Afro-Americans in the American Revolution .
  • John Brown and his role in the abolitionist movement .
  • Antiracial legislation in the US: History and evolution.
  • What is the role of black feminism in the Black Lives Matter movement ?
  • Voting rights for Afro-Americans: Legislative initiatives.
  • Scientific anti-racism: Origin and prominent scientists.
  • Racial microaggression: The essence of the notion.
  • What is the black on black suppression ?
  • Strategies for confronting racial microaggression.
  • White genocide conspiracy theory: Its history and essence.
  • Mixed marriages: The challenges for Afro-Americans and the whites.
  • How do black women struggle in the workplace ?
  • What anti-racist organizations and institutions do you know?
  • Antiracial movements: A space for educational dialogue.
  • The theory of polygenesis as a foundation for racism.
  • How is Black Lives Matter represented on social media ?
  • Racism as the need to justify the subordination of people.
  • Racism in the colonial period: Main features.
  • Racial ideas of Joseph de Gobineau .
  • Why is Black Lives Matter a controversial issue ?
  • The policy of segregation in US history.
  • Legislative abolition of racial discrimination in the US.
  • Affirmative action: Its essence and main features.
  • What are the aims of the Black Americans’ civil rights movement ?
  • Racism as fear of otherness .
  • Affirmative action : Arguments for and against the practice.
  • Antiracial movements in the 21st century.
  • What is the state of discrimination in the US ?
  • Slavery in colonial America and racial practices.
  • The etymology of the word “racism.”
  • Domestic racism during apartheid in South Africa.
  • How was criminal justice discrimination tackled in Foster v. Chatman ?
  • The abolition of slavery and the contradictions it generated in society.
  • Domestic racism: Its definition and main features.
  • Cultural racism: A perspective on the difference between cultures.
  • What is the link between immigration and ethnic relations in the US ?
  • Jim Crow laws as a reflection of racial practices.
  • “Black Panthers” movement and its anti-racial message.
  • The genocide of Serbs in the independent state of Croatia.
  • The themes of racial pride and personal dignity in the poetry of Langston Hughes .
  • Population transfer in the Soviet Union as a form of racism.
  • Linguistic origin and explanation of the word racism.
  • The relationship between racial discrimination and individual perception.
  • Issues of “underserved” racial and ethnic groups of people in education .
  • Labeling theory as an explanation of racism in criminal justice .
  • The place of racism in the Armenian genocide of the First World War .
  • How does racism affect the ability to empathize?
  • The evolving role of HBCUs in resolving racial tensions .
  • Determining the relationship between perceptions of racism and political preferences.
  • The role of racism in the creation of the US Constitution .
  • The effects of racism in the book Vanishing Half by Brit Bennett.
  • Racial struggles in Detroit during the riots of 1967 .
  • Representation of racism in the film To Kill a Mockingbird .
  • Demonstration of racism in modern cinematography.
  • Is there white racism in the US?
  • Othello: The racial issues in the play .
  • Perception of racism against black and Asian people.
  • Differences in the perception of racism depending on the region of residence.
  • Racism as a form of cognitive disorder.
  • Flint poisoning: Environmental racism and racial capitalism .
  • The study of the relationship between the demonstration of racism and IQ.
  • The place of racism in the war between Russia and Ukraine.
  • Racism as the reason for the invasion of Russian troops in Ukraine.
  • Racial, ethnic, cultural, and linguistic issues in psychology .
  • The impact of racism on maternity and postpartum care for black women.
  • Leadership approaches limiting racism in the workplace.
  • Mental health practices to fight racism influence.
  • Future American cultural, racial, and ethnic diversity .
  • The contribution of racism on masculinity and man’s health.
  • Racism in the political premise of modernity.
  • How do protests and activism affect the elimination of racism?
  • Black Lives Matter: Racial perspectives on social media .
  • The significance of the Black Lives Matter movement for African Americans.
  • Differences in access to healthcare for people of color.
  • What effect does racism have on mental health stigmas?
  • Racial discrimination of African Americans during Jim Crow’s era .
  • Black Lives Matter as an initiative for equality in society.
  • The relationship between racism and gun violence .
  • The influence of race on the availability of education.
  • Racial disparities in access to health insurance .
  • How racial discrimination affects learning outcomes?
  • Effects of racism on adolescent depression and suicide.
  • The impact of racism among police officers on the African American population.
  • Racial discrimination in the cosmetics industry .
  • Martin Luther King’s contribution to the anti-discrimination movement.
  • Reflection of racism in neighborhoods of segregation in America.
  • The negative attitude of teachers towards black students .
  • White like me: Race, racism, and white privilege in America .
  • The impact of racism on the self-perception of black women and men.
  • Is there racism in preschool children?
  • Perception of black women in the social justice movement.
  • News, politics, and racism .
  • Stereotypes about black students in teachers’ behavior.
  • How does police racism affect the trust of people of color?
  • How does the lack of cultural education affect society?
  • Immigration and racism in Canada .
  • Differences between black and white candidates when hiring .
  • The influence of racism on the increase of substance addiction among adolescents.
  • The history of the introduction of Black History Month in America.
  • Environmental racism and justice .
  • How social anxiety alters the perception of time?
  • Violence and distrust as a consequence of the spread of racism.
  • The connection between religion and racism in modern America.
  • The phenomenon of inter-racism in the society .
  • The main activists of the Black Movement in the United States.
  • The fight against racism during the presidency of Barack Obama .
  • The theme of racism towards characters in the Harry Potter Films.
  • Racism and discrimination: The church vision and teaching .
  • The development of white supremacy and racism under Donald Trump .
  • How racism affects the incarceration of African American teenagers?
  • The relationship between racism and group identity.
  • List of privileges and ways I have experienced and demonstrated racism .
  • Reflection of racism in institutional policies and practices.
  • How do American corporations contribute to limiting racism?
  • The manifestation of racism in the film The Green Mile .
  • An image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness.”
  • Is there a connection between racism and Nazism as its manifestation?
  • 12 Years of Slavery as an example of racism in America.
  • Portraying African Americans as deviant people in cinematography.
  • Terrorism, race, and the criminal justice in America .
  • The cancel culture relation to cultural appropriation and racism.
  • Blackface as a new form of racism.

📙 Simple Topics About Racism for Essay

  • Racism as the superiority of one race over another.
  • Racial profiling in the United States .
  • Connections between prejudice, discrimination, and antagonism against people.
  • Role of social and biological differences in modern racism.
  • Effects of racism on the formation of political systems.
  • Racial discrimination in the US justice system .
  • Scientific racism as a supporting factor for discrimination.
  • Differences and similarities between nativism, xenophobia, and segregation.
  • The detrimental effect of supremacism on modern society.
  • Racial discrimination and prejudice in the US .
  • Perception of ethnicity and race in the racism ideology.
  • The role of culture and upbringing in racism beliefs.
  • The Justification of discrimination in scientific racism theories.
  • Racial discrimination practices in recruitment and selection .
  • The main historical events that caused modern racism.
  • Atlantic slave trade as a force behind racial segregation in the US.
  • Holocaust and genocides as a form of racism.
  • Racial injustice and its impact on employees .
  • Indigenous people as the main victim of racism.
  • Pseudo-scientific research assumptions connected to racism.
  • Influence of scientific research on the taxonomy of racism.
  • Racial bias and racial profiling in law enforcement .
  • Human genome research in the understanding of racism.
  • Frederick Hertz’s research about race hatred.
  • Racism as a natural political unit in Nazism .
  • Racial tensions in contemporary America .
  • Hierarchical power relationship in the racism ideology.
  • The main racism discriminatory actions and practices.
  • United States legislation concerning racism in society.
  • Racism against Afro and Latino Americans in the US .
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a human rights instrument.
  • Main points of UNESCO Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice.
  • Racial discrimination laws in Great Britain.
  • Racism in its forms and examples .
  • Laws concerning racism and racist practices in Norway.
  • Race as a social construct and its role in racism.
  • The nature and social influence of white racism.
  • Unconscious racism .
  • Social and economic outcomes of modern racism.
  • The concept of racial identity in social psychology.
  • The influence of racism on the African American population.
  • The problem of racism in the US .
  • Covert expression of racism in modern Western society.
  • Subconscious racism in the form of implicit or aversive racism.
  • The influence of implicit attitudes on racism worldview.
  • Institutional discrimination and racism .
  • The contribution of subconscious racism on individual biases.
  • Stereotypes and labels as a product of racism.
  • Nigerian prince as a reference to advance-fee scammers.
  • Racism and discrimination issues in the US .
  • Discourse analysis as a way to explain racism.
  • The view of African American literature on racism
  • Black racial experience in American fictional literature.
  • Racism: American progress in the 21 st century .
  • The phenomenon of white savior narrative in films.
  • Oppression of racial minorities in modern America.
  • Distinctions between racism and ethnocentrism.
  • The concepts of race and racism in the modern environment .
  • Ethical issues of racism in the workplace.
  • Anti-discrimination practices to spread awareness about racism.
  • Consequences of the lack of education of society regarding racism.
  • The meaning of gender and race .
  • Measures to limit racism in modern society.
  • Practices for spreading awareness about racism in education.
  • The influence of upbringing on the formation of a racist worldview.
  • Race discrimination: Aspects and effects .
  • The phenomenon of reverse racism in the modern United States.
  • Color-conscious policies to remedy racial inequality .
  • The influence of power structure on the spread of racism.
  • Equal opportunities and gender, age, and race .
  • Political and economic power to oppress racism.
  • Differences between aversive and traditional racism.
  • The empirical evidence of existing aversive racism.
  • Race and your community .
  • The role of past patterns in color blindness racism.
  • Cultural racism as a form of the superiority of one culture.
  • The negative influence of cultural racism on cultural identity .
  • Race, class, and the criminal justice system in the US .
  • The impact of economic and social disparity on modern society.
  • How does institutional racism on government policies and initiatives?
  • The phenomenon of othering in distinguishing certain groups.
  • Social science and the origins of race .
  • Othering and Orientalism in colonial Europe.
  • Representation of racism in the everyday life of African American people.
  • International laws concerning racial discrimination.
  • The issue of race and ethnic groups .
  • Influence of Paris Peace Conference on limitation of racism.
  • The role of scientific racism in the Holocaust.
  • The race question’s influence on the judicial system.
  • Discrimination against minority groups, races, and ethnic groups .
  • The impact of the European Union on reducing racism.
  • Racism ideology in 19th century America.
  • Intertwined concepts of culture and racism.
  • Race and gender in Hooks’ and Butler’s articles .
  • The impact of racism on increasing barriers between races and ethics.
  • Debate on the nature of the emergence of racism.
  • Racism as a form of ethnic and national conflict.
  • Jim Crow’s and segregation era’s implications for modern African American history .
  • Transatlantic slave trade as the main force of racism.
  • Declaration of Human Rights as a measure to fight racism.
  • Manifestations of racism in the judicial system of the US.
  • The African American civil rights movement history .
  • Anti-racist programs used in modern society.
  • How does globalization contribute to the spreading of cultural racism?
  • The impact of racism on increasing inequality.
  • The concept of race: Social science .
  • The phenomenology of racism in modern Western society.
  • Ethical features of racism as a phenomenon of modern society.
  • Criticism of racism: A view from different sides.
  • Race discrimination as a way of disrespect.
  • Racial profiling and its use at police stops and in crime reduction .
  • Racial discrimination at work: Law prosecution.
  • How to minimize racial discrimination at work?
  • How widespread is race harassment in the US?
  • Immigration and racial profiling and the role of law enforcement .
  • Racial slurs as one of the major types of racial harassment.
  • Should racial slurs be prohibited legislative level?
  • Can the legislation control the level of racial harassment?
  • Incarceration rates among racial and ethnic minorities .
  • Harassment at work : The race prejudices of employers.
  • The manifestations of race harassment in the workplace.
  • How may racism affect the development of the company?
  • Asian immigrants in the United States and racism .
  • How can racism in the workplace be minimized through HR management ?
  • How does the hidden racial harassment at the workplace result in limited employee development opportunities?
  • Systematic harassment and its effect on employees’ productivity.
  • Aspects of racism and dehumanization in works of Africa .
  • The impact of racial discrimination on the total efficiency of the employees.
  • The unconsciousness and conscious race discrimination: Which is more hazardous?
  • Ignoring career promotion as a form of racial discrimination.
  • How various races and ethnicities view the library .
  • Racism during COVID-19 : The comparison of the work loss between the representatives of different races.
  • The difference in the salaries of white and black employees in America.
  • The methods of providing a racial discrimination-free workplace.
  • Implicit association test: Attitudes on race and ethnicity .
  • How the anti-racist corporate culture advances the company.
  • Should the company’s employment policy include discrimination control inquiries?
  • Training as the most effective way to minimize racial harassment.
  • Shifting morality in race and education .
  • The psychological impact of race discrimination on the victims of harassment.
  • The employer as the workplace anti-racism facilitator.
  • Recent race/discrimination issues: Offensive working environment .
  • Gender and race discrimination at workplaces .
  • How to overcome the problem of clients’ intolerance towards employees of different races?
  • The physical isolation of the representatives of different races at the workplace.
  • Restriction of national minorities from certain occupational fields.
  • Jazz music and race relationship .
  • Hidden race discrimination: Externally neutral company policy.
  • Race and color as the professional characteristics in modern society.
  • Hostile work environment and mental problems of racial minorities.
  • Race and health relations .
  • Illegal race discrimination: How it is prosecuted.
  • The role of the complaint of racial discrimination in fighting injustice at the workplace.
  • The impact of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission on discrimination in the workplace.
  • African American women obtaining higher education .
  • Comparison of laws on racial discrimination in the workplace by state.
  • Relevant remedies for racial discrimination in the workplace.
  • Compensation for moral damage to victims of racial discrimination as a measure of punishment for the employer.
  • African American teachers in segregated schools in the US .
  • Potential damages for employers under various anti-racial laws.
  • Going to court for racial discrimination: Potential pros and cons.
  • The productivity loss of race discrimination-based companies.
  • The lack of African American participation in clinical trials in the US .
  • The three directions of race discrimination: Employers, colleagues, and clients.
  • Race discrimination as the method of creating a cheaper workforce.
  • Unintentional race discrimination: Ways to overcome.
  • The African American women’s stereotyping in media .
  • Stereotypes as the major problem of race discrimination in the workplace.
  • The somatic consequences of workplace race discrimination.
  • The management of racism-based organizational conflicts.
  • African Americans’ historical progression since 1865 .
  • Reputational risks for a company that practices race discrimination.
  • Should the government intervene in the fight against racial discrimination?
  • Capitalism and race discrimination: Is it possible to eliminate?
  • Hate crimes toward minorities in the United States .
  • Unequal conditions and labor rights for people of different races.
  • Prohibition of discrimination as a principle of labor law .
  • The role of research and statistical analysis in preventing race discrimination.
  • Disparity in the number of minority healthcare executives .
  • Racial biases at the workplace: The role in the discrimination elimination.
  • The discrimination-free organization: Growth opportunities.
  • The methods of confronting race discrimination in the workplace.
  • Cultural, ethnic, and gender differences at the workplace .
  • Employees’ rights violations related to racism.

A successful essay on racism requires complete in-depth research of the topic. As soon as you pick an appropriate title, start looking for credible sources and quotes for your paper. Then, structure your ideas properly. And the best way to reach a logical flow of ideas is to create a racism essay outline .

Introduction for a Racism Essay

An introduction gives the first impression of your essay, so make sure it is strong and clear. Typically, this paragraph includes three crucial elements:

  • a hook (first several sentences),
  • background (a few more sentences),
  • and a thesis statement (the last sentence).

Start your essay with an attention-grabbing element. It should be dynamic and intriguing. The key aim of the hook is to make your reader curious and engaged. For example:

“In America, black people are twice as likely to be unemployed than white people.”

After the hook, you provide all the background necessary to understand the chosen topic.

Thesis Statement About Racism

End your introduction with a concise thesis statement . It should reflect your key message and guide your readers through the paper. Also, you should make it as straightforward as possible not to confuse your audience about your position. If you struggle with the wording, paraphrase it using our rephrasing tool .

Here is an example of the thesis statement about racism:

Racism has a number of adverse ramifications for society, such as injustice, violation of human rights, and poverty.

Racism Essay: Body Paragraphs

Your racism essay should contain three body paragraphs : two with arguments and one with a counterargument.

It is essential to back up your points with valid supportive evidence. Make sure you rely only on credible sources while coming up with the arguments. Present only appropriate proof of your ideas. Keep in mind that examples play a crucial role in your essay.

Conclusion for a Racism Essay

In the last paragraph of your essay, summarize all the key points. Do not add any new arguments or examples. It will make the readers confused.

The key aim of the conclusion is to wrap up the essay and give the readers a sense of closure. So, develop your thesis statement from the introduction. Here is an example:

Injustice, violation of human rights, and poverty are three negative consequences of racism that have a detrimental effect on society.

That’s it! Thank you for reading our article. We hope you got many insights and are ready to compose your essay now. Don’t forget to proofread it once you finish it. Our read my paper tool will help you with that!

  • What is Racism? – Australian Human Rights Commission
  • African-Americans With College Degrees Are Twice As Likely to Be Unemployed as Other Graduates – Janell Ross and National Journal, The Atlantic
  • Systemic Racism: What Does It Mean and How Can You Help Dismantle It – N’dea Yancey-Bragg, USA Today
  • How Do I Write an Intro, Conclusion, & Body Paragraph – LSA Sweetland Center for Writing, the University of Michigan
  • On Views of Race and Inequality, Blacks and Whites Are Worlds Apart — Pew Research Center
  • Racism Poses a Public Health Threat to Millions Worldwide — World Economic Forum
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Home Essay Samples Social Issues

Essay Samples on Racism

Racism in the justice system: unveiling disparities.

The presence of racism in the justice system is a deeply concerning issue that raises questions about fairness, equality, and the principles upon which modern societies are built. The justice system is intended to uphold the rule of law and ensure justice for all, regardless...

  • American Criminal Justice System

"The New Jim Crow" Book Review: Mass Incarceration and Racial Injustice

Michelle Alexander's groundbreaking book, "The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness," is a searing critique of the American criminal justice system's discriminatory impact on Black communities. This book review essay delves into the key themes of the book, including the concept...

  • Mass Incarceration

Was the Reconstruction Era a Success or Failure: A Look Through Sport

The competitive sport of basketball traces its origins to a game known as peach basketball. In 1891, Dr. James Naismith invented basketball at Springfield College, Massachusetts. Initially, peach baskets without openings at the bottom served as goals, requiring the use of ladders to retrieve the...

  • Reconstruction Era of The United States

Unveiling the Dangers of Color Blind Racism: Ignorance, Indifference, and Inequality

The feasibility of racism has becoming such an immense issue that people are starting to refer to themselves as “color blind,” meaning they cannot see different skin colors. According to reliable sources, the term “color blind,” in this case does not actually mean someone cannot...

  • Racial Discrimination

Towards a World Without Prejudice: The Path to Ending Racism

Introduction Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination towards people based on their race or ethnicity. Racism may also be defined as the hatred of one person by another because of the skin color, language,...

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The Problem of Police Brutality and Racism in Britain

Introduction Police racism in Britain dates back notably to April 1981 in the Brixton riots where black men were reportedly being maltreated by police (BBC News,2020). Police racism in Britain is understood to be manifested by police discretion that is inevitable in policing- where police...

  • Police Brutality

The Effects of Racism in Today's World: Psychological and Cultural Implications

Introduction In his thought-provoking piece, 'Words That Wound,' Mr. Richard Delgado sheds light on the enduring presence of racism and its profound effects on American society. Delgado argues that racial slurs and stigmatization have far-reaching consequences, resulting in psychological and cultural issues for minority groups...

The Issue of Racism in Soccer: Causes, Effects, and Ways to Combat

Introduction Picture yourself as a person of color, having to confront racism in the profession you cherish. Wouldn't you long to release all that anger and frustration? Unfortunately, this is the reality for the black community and people of color in the realm of sports,...

Racism in Malaysia as an Element of Contemporary Malaysian Culture

Malaysia has been well-known as a harmonious nation of multiracial and multicultural society. However, the reality does not actually match the rhetoric. Racial tensions between its Malay majority and sizeable ethnic Chinese and Indian communities constantly exist. Malaysian government policies have for decades provided advantages...

Racism in Healthcare: Examining Patient-Provider Communication and Health Disparities

Introduction Over years racism has been a constant in societal issues. This literature review highlights important questions about racism, patient/provider communications, and health disparities. What is the best way to understand racism in healthcare, is there evidence to support these claims in the U.S. healthcare...

  • Health Care

Racism and Inequality: Barriers to Education for Black Americans

Introduction Inequality and racism have long been pervasive issues affecting the education of Black Americans. Throughout history, Black Americans have faced oppression and the denial of basic human rights, including access to education. Despite these challenges, many Black individuals recognized the importance of education in...

  • Inequality in Education

Dear Martin: Depiction of Racism in Nic Stone's Novel

Introduction 'Dear Martin' is an excellent novel for young adults written by American author Nic Stone. This is her debut novel and it specializes in discussing and portraying racism in the society. The novel is about an African American high school student named Justyce who...

  • Racial Profiling

Cultural Differences and Racism in "The Great Gatsby"

Introduction As America set upon the year 1920, our nation found itself once again, divided. In the time period that historians commonly refer to as ‘the cultural civil war’ many conflicts arose between new wealth and old wealth, pro-Prohibitionists and anti-Prohibitionists, older generations and younger...

  • The Great Gatsby

An Overview of the Causes of Racism and Its Effects on Society

Cause and Effect: Racism Racism is a pervasive social issue that involves discrimination based on an individual's race. While many people are familiar with the concept of racism, there is a lack of understanding regarding its true nature and the profound impact it has on...

"To Kill a Mockingbird": Racism and Its Impact on the Novel's Characters

Introduction In the book 'To Kill a Mockingbird' by Harper Lee, racism is an ongoing theme that significantly impacts several characters, including Tom Robinson, Jem, Scout, and Atticus Finch. The narrative contains numerous instances where racism plays a substantial role and affects various aspects of...

  • To Kill a Mockingbird

"The Help": Racism and Its Types in Kathryn Stockett’s Novel

Introduction Published in 2009, Kathryn Stockett's novel, "The Help," delves into the profound issue of racism in the Southern United States. Set in Jackson, Mississippi, from late summer 1962 through 1964, the book portrays the relationships between white and black Americans, bringing to light the...

Is The Criminal Justice System Is Institutionaly Racist 

Dating back to the 1960s UK antagonizing immigrants, or even since the slave trade was abolished, institutional racism has been an existing, developing, and prevalent force within the criminal justice system. The MacPherson Inquiry (1999), which examined the original Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) investigation into...

Racism In "A Raisin In The Sun" By Lorraine Hansberry

In the play, A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry the reader is introduced to characters who have different experiences as African Americans due to the changing era and generational gaps. The play is taken place after a war in Chicago where slavery was...

  • A Raisin in The Sun
  • African American

Addressing Contemporary Racism In The U.s.

“The American Dream” is one of the many reasons as to why so many people from all over the world are so attracted to The United States. It is home to more than 45.5 million immigrants and it is the country with the highest number...

  • Trail of Tears

Suffering Of The Black Women In Alan Patonꞌs Novel Cry, The Beloved Country

Abstract The paper focused on depiction of black female characters in Paton’s cry, the beloved country. By means of textual analysis, the study examined how the representation of female characters in this novel reflected the life of black woman in South African society in the...

  • Cry, the Beloved Country

Definition Of Racial Segregation, Its Impacts And Means To Abolish It

No one wants to have to live in a world where your own race/culture only associates with your own race. Most people need other races and cultures to compete against to keep them from thinking that they are the best. I’m interested in this topic...

  • Racial Segregation
  • Segregation in Schools

Portrayal Of The Issue Of Racism In Movies And Articles

Racism has always been an issue in the world. Today, I will connect racism with four different films, powerpoints, and articles. I will talk about four films which are Jim & Jane Crow, White Like Me, Chinese Exclusion Act, and The Abolitionist Part 1. The...

  • Harriet Tubman

History Of African American Social Segregation And Discrimination

For centuries, the oppression that African Americans have faced is horrendous. During slavery and segregation, they were put at the bottom of a racial hierarchy. As a result of the immoral acts that millions of Africans Americans faced in the past, many thought taking their...

Narrative Fiction On Racism In America Of The 21st Century

Racism is a serious problem in many societies all around the world which, can take place in just anywhere such as in schools, colleges, workplaces especially, in multicultural countries like America. Racism can be defined simply as a belief, attitude and action that subordinates a...

  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

Glory Film Review: A Multifaceted Definition Of Racism

In the historic Academy Award-winning drama film, Glory, it tells the true story regarding the first all-African-American regiment, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Glory narrates the civil war year in which a white officer led a group of black slaves to fight with the South...

  • Film Analysis

Oroonoko And His Path To Enlightenment

Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko, written with dedicated themes of racism, freedom, and slavery, are a vivid representation of the 18th century. During this time, enlightenment was exemplified, and the age saw violent slave trading on a global scale. It is clear to see why such topics...

Negative Impact Of Ku Klux Klan On Society

Ku Klux Klan since it began has brought more harm than good, it has led to the destruction of property, loss of lives, infringement of peoples’ rights and created division along with the ethnic groups. This paper is therefore set to explore how Ku Klux...

  • Ku Klux Klan
  • White Privilege

Invisible Man By Ralph Ellison: Struggles Of The Black Man In White Society

“An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.”(Mahatma Gandhi). By harshly penalizing those who we deem deviant, we ourselves exhibit an absence of morality. During the 1930s, people of color experienced increased segregation, prejudice ideologies, and a lack of social...

  • Invisible Man

Understanding White Privilege Within American Society

Meritocracy is a concept very alive within American society. It is a concept where a person’s will and their choices are the main reason for their success or lack thereof. Within this article Dr. Peggy Mcintosh makes a correlation between white privilege and male privilege...

  • White American

Poor Treatment Of African Americans In The United States

Introduction In recent times Black victims of police brutality have become more than just a statistic, they have become another reason for Black Lives Matter to protest. With the rise of social media over the last decade, this has given the African American community a...

  • Black Lives Matter
  • Rodney King

Connections Between E.B White’s Books Stuart Little and Charlotte’s Web and the Issue of Racism in the 1950s

Thesis Statement In E. B White’s books Stuart Little and Charlotte’s Web, White writes about characters and the ways they adapt to changes in their lives, which can also be seen throughout the 1950s during a time of segregation and racism. Purpose Statement The purpose...

  • Charlotte’s Web

The Effect of Racism in Modern Society: A Research

Introduction Throughout the course of human existence, racism has persisted as a pervasive aspect of society. It has tormented the minds of civilizations, leading them to commit numerous atrocities and wreak havoc. This harmful belief has greatly impeded humanity's social progress, retarding it to a...

  • Modern Society

Skin Bleaching As A Physical Form Of Racism

America is the known for being called land of the free. To the black men, you are free to be belittled by the police, and free to die innocently because others fear the color of your skin. To the women, you are free to be...

Best topics on Racism

1. Racism in the Justice System: Unveiling Disparities

2. “The New Jim Crow” Book Review: Mass Incarceration and Racial Injustice

3. Was the Reconstruction Era a Success or Failure: A Look Through Sport

4. Unveiling the Dangers of Color Blind Racism: Ignorance, Indifference, and Inequality

5. Towards a World Without Prejudice: The Path to Ending Racism

6. The Problem of Police Brutality and Racism in Britain

7. The Effects of Racism in Today’s World: Psychological and Cultural Implications

8. The Issue of Racism in Soccer: Causes, Effects, and Ways to Combat

9. Racism in Malaysia as an Element of Contemporary Malaysian Culture

10. Racism in Healthcare: Examining Patient-Provider Communication and Health Disparities

11. Racism and Inequality: Barriers to Education for Black Americans

12. Dear Martin: Depiction of Racism in Nic Stone’s Novel

13. Cultural Differences and Racism in “The Great Gatsby”

14. An Overview of the Causes of Racism and Its Effects on Society

15. “To Kill a Mockingbird”: Racism and Its Impact on the Novel’s Characters

  • Gender Equality
  • Civil Rights
  • Pornography
  • Discrimination
  • Women's Rights
  • Social Problems
  • Immigration in America

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Essays and Commentary

Reflections and analysis inspired by the killing of George Floyd and the nationwide wave of protests that followed.

My Mother’s Dreams for Her Son, and All Black Children

Two women, one is author’s mother, Marie Als, left at a table.

She longed for black people in America not to be forever refugees—confined by borders that they did not create and by a penal system that killed them before they died.

By Hilton Als

June 21, 2020

How do we change america.

A group of protesters making a large shadow

The quest to transform this country cannot be limited to challenging its brutal police alone.

By Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor

June 8, 2020

The purpose of a house.

A teenage girl hiding her face in front of a laptop.

For my daughters, the pandemic was a relief from race-related stress at school. Then George Floyd was killed.

By Emily Bernard

June 25, 2020

The players’ revolt against racism, inequality, and police terror.

A row of players for the Washington Mystics kneeling on a basketball court with their backs to the viewers wearing white shirts that have seven bullet holes drawn on each player's backs. The basketball court also has "Black Lives Matter" painted on it and there is a large "WNBA" sign in the background.

A group of athletes across various American professional sports have communicated the fear, frustration, and anger of most of Black America.

September 9, 2020, until black women are free, none of us will be free.

An illustrated portrait of Barbara Smith

Barbara Smith and the Black feminist visionaries of the Combahee River Collective.

July 20, 2020, john lewis’s legacy and america’s redemption.


The civil-rights leader, who died Friday, acknowledged the darkest chapters of the country’s history, yet insisted that change was always possible.

By David Remnick

July 18, 2020

Europe in 1989, america in 2020, and the death of the lost cause.

Protesters raise their fists in the air at  the Robert E. Lee Statue

A whole vision of history seems to be leaving the stage.

By David W. Blight

July 1, 2020

The messy politics of black voices—and “black voice”—in american animation.

Scene from "Big Mouth";" the character Missy is in the center.

Cartoons have often been considered exempt from the country’s prejudices. In fact, they form a genre built on the marble and mud of racial signification.

By Lauren Michele Jackson

June 30, 2020

After george floyd and juneteenth.

People marching wave at a group of toddlers watching.

What’s ahead for the movement, the election, and the protesters?

June 20, 2020, juneteenth and the meaning of freedom.

Image may contain: Symbol, Flag, Text, and American Flag

Emancipation is a marker of progress for white Americans, not black ones.

By Jelani Cobb

June 19, 2020

A memory of solidarity day, on juneteenth, 1968.

Protestors wading in the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool  in 1968.

The public outpouring over racism that has been taking place in America since George Floyd’s murder feels like a long-postponed renewal of the reckoning that shook the nation more than half a century ago.

By Jon Lee Anderson

June 18, 2020

Seeing police brutality then and now.

Cops depicted as pigs

We still haven’t fully recognized the art made by twentieth-century black artists.

By Nell Painter

The History of the “Riot” Report

Scene of officer holding gun and frisking two black men.

How government commissions became alibis for inaction.

By Jill Lepore

June 15, 2020

The trayvon generation.

 Carrie Mae Weems, “Blue Black Boy”

For Solo, Simon, Robel, Maurice, Cameron, and Sekou.

By Elizabeth Alexander

So Brutal a Death


Nationwide outrage over George Floyd’s brutal killing by police officers resonates with immigrants, and with people around the world.

By Edwidge Danticat

An American Spring of Reckoning


In death, George Floyd’s name has become a metaphor for the stacked inequities of the society that produced them.

June 14, 2020, the mimetic power of d.c.’s black lives matter mural.

Letter B seen on pavement

The pavement itself has become part of the protest.

By Kyle Chayka

June 9, 2020

Donald trump’s fascist performance.

President Donald Trump walking with a group of people

To the President, power sounds like gunfire and helicopters; it sounds like the silence of men in uniform when they are asked who they are.

By Masha Gessen

June 3, 2020

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Racism: What it is, how it affects us and why it’s everyone’s job to do something about it

Bray lecturer Camara Jones addresses racism as a public health crisis

  • Post author By Kathryn
  • Post date October 5, 2020

By Kathryn Stroppel

In 2018, the CDC found a 16% difference in the mortality rates of Blacks versus whites across all ages and causes of death. This means that white Americans can sometimes live more than a decade longer than Blacks.  

In 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the discrepancy in health outcomes has only grown. Michigan’s population, for instance, is 14% Black, yet near the start of the pandemic, African Americans made up 35% of cases and 40% of deaths.  

Because of this discrepancy in health outcomes, many scientists and government officials, including former American Public Health Association President Camara Jones, MD, PhD, MPH ; more than 50 municipalities nationwide; and a handful of legislators are attempting to root out this inequality and call it what it is: A public health crisis. 

Dr. Jones, a nationally sought-after speaker and the college’s 2020 Bray Health Leadership Lecturer, has been engaged in this work for decades and says the time to act is now.  

“The seductiveness of racism denial is so strong that if people just say a thing, six months from now they may forget why they said it. But if we start acting, we won’t forget why we’re acting,” she says. “That’s why it’s important right now to move beyond just naming something or putting out a statement making a declaration, but to actually engage in some kind of action.” 

Synergies editor Kathryn Stroppel talked with Dr. Jones about this unique time in history, her work, racism’s effects on health and well-being, and what we can all do about it. 

Let’s start with definitions. What is racism and why is important to acknowledge ‘systemic’ racism in particular? 

“Racism is a system of structuring opportunity and assigning value based on the social interpretation of how one looks, which is what we call race, that unfairly disadvantages some individuals and communities, unfairly advantages other individuals and communities and saps the strength of the whole society through the waste of human resources.  

“The reason that people are using those words ‘systemic’ or ‘structural racism’ is that sometimes if you say the word racism, people think you’re talking about an individual character flaw, or a personal moral failing, when in fact racism is a system.  

“It’s not about trying to divide the room into who’s racist and who’s not. I am clear that the most profound impacts of racism happen without bias.

“The most profound impacts of racism are because structural racism has been institutionalized in our laws, customs and background norms. It does not require an identifiable perpetrator. And it most often manifests as inaction in the face of need.” 

Why did you want to give the 2020 Bray Lecture? 

“I’ve been doing this work for decades, and all of a sudden, now that we are recognizing the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on communities of color, and after the murder of George Floyd and all of the other highly publicized murders that have been happening, more and more people are interested in naming racism and asking how is racism is operating here and organizing and strategizing to act. I wish I could accept every invitation.” 

What do you hope people take away from your lecture? 

“When I was president of the American Public Health Association in 2016, I launched a national campaign against racism with three tasks: To name racism; to ask, ‘how is racism operating here?’; and then to organize and strategize to act.  

“Naming racism is urgently important, especially in the context of widespread denial that racism exists. We have to say the word ‘racism’ to acknowledge that it exists, that it’s real and that it has profoundly negative impacts on the health and well-being of the nation.

“We have to be able to put together the words ‘systemic racism’ and ‘structural racism’ to able to be able to affirm that Black lives matter. That’s important and necessary, but insufficient.  

“I then equip people with tools to address how racism operates by looking at the elements of decision making, which are in our structures, policies, practices, norms and values, and the who, what, when and where of decision making, especially who’s at the table and who’s not.  

“After you have acknowledged that the problem exists, after you have some kind of understanding of what piece of it is in your wheelhouse and what lever you can pull, or who you know, you organize, strategize and collectively act.” 

You’re known for using allegory to explain racism. Why is that? 

“I use allegory because that’s how I see the world. There are two parts to it. One is that I’m observant. If I see something and if it makes me go, ‘Hmm,’ I just sort of store that away. And the second part is that I am a teacher. I’ve been telling a gardening allegory since before I started teaching at Harvard, but I later expanded that in order to help people understand how to contextualize the three levels of racism.  

“As an assistant professor at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, I developed its first course on race and racism. As I’m teaching students and trying to help them understand different elements, different aspects of race, racism and anti-racism, I found myself using these images naturally just to explain things, and then I recognized that allegory is sort of a superpower.  

“It makes conversations that might be otherwise difficult more accessible because we’re not talking about racism between you and me, we’re talking about these two flower pots and the pink and red seed, or we’re talking about an open or closed sign, or we’re talking about a conveyor belt or a cement factory. And so I put the image out there to suggest the ways that it can help us understand issues of race and racism. And then other people add to it or question certain parts and it becomes our collective image and our tool, not just mine.” 

What should white people in particular see as their role and responsibility in this system? 

“All of us need to recognize that racism exists, that it’s a system, that it saps the strength of the whole society through the waste of human resources, and that we can do something about it. White people in particular have to recognize that acknowledging their privilege is important – that your very being gives you the benefit of the doubt.  

“White people who don’t want to walk around oblivious to their privilege or benefit from a racist society need to understand how to use their white privilege for the struggle.”  

“An example: About six years ago now, in McKinney, Texas, outside of Dallas, we came to know that there was a group of pre-teens who wanted to celebrate a birthday at a neighborhood swimming pool. The people who were at the pool objected to them being there and called the police. And what we saw was a white police officer dragging a young Black girl by her hair, and then he sat on her, and the young Black boys were handcuffed sitting on the curb.  

“The next day on TV, I heard a young white boy who was part of the friend group saying it was almost as if he were invisible to the police. He saw what was happening to his friends and he could have run home for safety, but instead, he recognized his white skin privilege. He stood up and videotaped all that was going on.  

“So, the thing is not to deny your white skin privilege or try to shed it, the thing is to recognize it and use it. Then as you’re using it, don’t think of yourself as an ally. Think of yourself as a compatriot in the struggle to dismantle racism. We have to recognize that if you’re white, your anti-racist struggle is not for ‘them.’ It’s for all of us.” 

Why did you transition from medicine to public health? 

“Because there’s a difference between a narrow focus on the individual and a population-based approach. I started as a family physician, but then wanted to do public health because it made me sad to fix my patients up and then send them back out into the conditions that made them sick.  

“I wanted to broaden my approach and really understand those conditions that make people sick or keep them well. From there, the data doesn’t necessarily turn into policy. So, I sort of went into the policy aspect of things. And then you recognize that you can have all the policy you want, but sometimes the policy is not enacted by politicians. So now I am considering maybe moving into politics.”  

Speaking of politics, when engaging in discussions around racism and privilege, people will sometimes try to shut down the conversation for being ‘political.’ Is racism political? 

“Racism exists. It’s foundational in our nation’s history. It continues to have profoundly negative impacts on the health and well-being of the nation. To describe what is happening is not political. If people want to deny what exists, then maybe they have political reasons for doing that.” 

What are your thoughts on COVID-19 and our country’s approach to dealing with the virus?  

“The way we’ve dealt with COVID-19 is a very medical care approach. We need to have a population view where you do random samples of people you identify as asymptomatic as well as symptomatic.  

“When you have a narrow medical approach to testing, you can document the course of the pandemic, but you can’t do anything to change it.

“With a population-based approach we already know how to stop this pandemic: It’s stay-at-home orders, mask wearing, hand washing and social distancing.

“This very seductive, narrow focus on the individual is making us scoff at public health strategies that we could put in place and is hamstringing us in terms of appropriate responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

“In terms of race, COVID-19 is unmasking the deep disinvestment in our communities, the historical injustices and the impact of residential segregation. This is the time to name racism as the cause of those things. The overrepresentation of people of color in poverty and white people in wealth is not happenstance.” 

We have work to do. Learn how the college is transforming academia for equity .

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Hear Something, Say Something: Navigating The World Of Racial Awkwardness

Listen to this week's episode.

We've all been there — confronted with something shy of overt racism, but charged enough to make us uncomfortable. So what do you do?

We've all been there — having fun relaxing with friends and family, when someone says something a little racially off. Sometimes it's subtle, like the friend who calls Thai food "exotic." Other times it's more overt, like that in-law who's always going on about "the illegals."

In any case, it can be hard to know how to respond. Even the most level-headed among us have faltered trying to navigate the fraught world of racial awkwardness.

So what exactly do you do? We delve into the issue on this week's episode of the Code Switch podcast, featuring writer Nicole Chung and Code Switch's Shereen Marisol Meraji, Gene Demby and Karen Grigsby Bates.

We also asked some folks to write about what runs through their minds during these tense moments, and how they've responded (or not). Their reactions ran the gamut from righteous indignation to total passivity, but in the wake of these uncomfortable comments, everyone seemed to walk away wishing they'd done something else.

Aaron E. Sanchez

It was the first time my dad visited me at college, and he had just dropped me off at my dorm. My suitemate walked in and sneered.

"Was that your dad?" he asked. "He looks sooo Mexican."

racism topics for essay

Aaron E. Sanchez is a Texas-based writer who focuses on issues of race, politics and popular culture from a Latino perspective. Courtesy of Aaron Sanchez hide caption

He kept laughing about it as he left my room.

I was caught off-guard. Instantly, I grew self-conscious, not because I was ashamed of my father, but because my respectability politics ran deep. My appearance was supposed to be impeccable and my manners unimpeachable to protect against stereotypes and slights. I felt exposed.

To be sure, when my dad walked into restaurants and stores, people almost always spoke to him in Spanish. He didn't mind. The fluidity of his bilingualism rarely failed him. He was unassuming. He wore his working-class past on his frame and in his actions. He enjoyed hard work and appreciated it in others. Yet others mistook him for something altogether different.

People regularly confused his humility for servility. He was mistaken for a landscape worker, a janitor, and once he sat next to a gentleman on a plane who kept referring to him as a "wetback." He was a poor Mexican-American kid who grew up in the Segundo Barrio of El Paso, Texas, for certain. But he was also an Air Force veteran who had served for 20 years. He was an electrical engineer, a proud father, an admirable storyteller, and a pretty decent fisherman.

I didn't respond to my suitemate. To him, my father was a funny caricature, a curio he could pick up, purchase and discard. And as much as it was hidden beneath my elite, liberal arts education, I was a novelty to him too, an even rarer one at that. Instead of a serape, I came wrapped in the trappings of middle-classness, a costume I was trying desperately to wear convincingly.

That night, I realized that no clothing or ill-fitting costume could cover us. Our bodies were incongruous to our surroundings. No matter how comfortable we were in our skins, our presence would make others uncomfortable.

Karen Good Marable

When the Q train pulled into the Cortelyou Road station, it was dark and I was tired. Another nine hours in New York City, working in the madness that is Midtown as a fact-checker at a fashion magazine. All day long, I researched and confirmed information relating to beauty, fashion and celebrity, and, at least once a day, suffered an editor who was openly annoyed that I'd discovered an error. Then, the crush of the rush-hour subway, and a dinner obligation I had to fulfill before heading home to my cat.

racism topics for essay

Karen Good Marable is a writer living in New York City. Her work has been featured in publications like The Undefeated and The New Yorker. Courtesy of Karen Good Marable hide caption

The train doors opened and I turned the corner to walk up the stairs. Coming down were two girls — free, white and in their 20s . They were dancing as they descended, complete with necks rolling, mouths pursed — a poor affectation of black girls — and rapping as they passed me:

Now I ain't sayin she a golddigger/But she ain't messin' with no broke niggas!

That last part — broke niggas — was actually less rap, more squeals that dissolved into giggles. These white girls were thrilled to say the word publicly — joyously, even — with the permission of Kanye West.

I stopped, turned around and stared at them. I envisioned kicking them both squarely in their backs. God didn't give me telekinetic powers for just this reason. I willed them to turn around and face me, but they did not dare. They bopped on down the stairs and onto the platform, not evening knowing the rest of the rhyme.

Listen: I'm a black woman from the South. I was born in the '70s and raised by parents — both educators — who marched for their civil rights. I never could get used to nigga being bandied about — not by the black kids and certainly not by white folks. I blamed the girls' parents for not taking over where common sense had clearly failed. Hell, even radio didn't play the nigga part.

I especially blamed Kanye West for not only making the damn song, but for having the nerve to make nigga a part of the damn hook.

Life in NYC is full of moments like this, where something happens and you wonder if you should speak up or stay silent (which can also feel like complicity). I am the type who will speak up . Boys (or men) cussing incessantly in my presence? Girls on the train cussing around my 70-year-old mama? C'mon, y'all. Do you see me? Do you hear yourselves? Please. Stop.

But on this day, I just didn't feel like running down the stairs to tap those girls on the shoulder and school them on what they damn well already knew. On this day, I just sighed a great sigh, walked up the stairs, past the turnstiles and into the night.

Robyn Henderson-Espinoza

When I was 5 or 6, my mother asked me a question: "Does anyone ever make fun of you for the color of your skin?"

This surprised me. I was born to a Mexican woman who had married an Anglo man, and I was fairly light-skinned compared to the earth-brown hue of my mother. When she asked me that question, I began to understand that I was different.

racism topics for essay

Robyn Henderson-Espinoza is a visiting assistant professor of ethics at the Pacific School of Religion in Berkeley, Calif. Courtesy of Robyn Henderson-Espinoza hide caption

Following my parents' divorce in the early 1980s, I spent a considerable amount of time with my father and my paternal grandparents. One day in May of 1989, I was sitting at my grandparents' dinner table in West Texas. I was 12. The adults were talking about the need for more laborers on my grandfather's farm, and my dad said this:

"Mexicans are lazy."

He called the undocumented workers he employed on his 40 acres "wetbacks." Again and again, I heard from him that Mexicans always had to be told what to do. He and friends would say this when I was within earshot. I felt uncomfortable. Why would my father say these things about people like me?

But I remained silent.

It haunts me that I didn't speak up. Not then. Not ever. I still hear his words, 10 years since he passed away, and wonder whether he thought I was a lazy Mexican, too. I wish I could have found the courage to tell him that Mexicans are some of the hardest-working people I know; that those brown bodies who worked on his property made his lifestyle possible.

As I grew in experience and understanding, I was able to find language that described what he was doing: stereotyping, undermining, demonizing. I found my voice in the academy and in the movement for black and brown lives.

Still, the silence haunts me.

Channing Kennedy

My 20s were defined in no small part by a friendship with a guy I never met. For years, over email and chat, we shared everything with each other, and we made great jokes. Those jokes — made for each other only — were a foundational part of our relationship and our identities. No matter what happened, we could make each other laugh.

racism topics for essay

Channing Kennedy is an Oakland-based writer, performer, media producer and racial equity trainer. Courtesy of Channing Kennedy hide caption

It helped, also, that we were slackers with spare time, but eventually we both found callings. I started working in the social justice sector, and he gained recognition in the field of indie comics. I was proud of my new job and approached it seriously, if not gracefully. Before I took the job, I was the type of white dude who'd make casually racist comments in front of people I considered friends. Now, I had laid a new foundation for myself and was ready to undo the harm I'd done pre-wokeness.

And I was proud of him, too, if cautious. The indie comics scene is full of bravely offensive work: the power fantasies of straight white men with grievances against their nonexistent censors, put on defiant display. But he was my friend, and he wouldn't fall for that.

One day he emailed me a rough script to get my feedback. At my desk, on a break from deleting racist, threatening Facebook comments directed at my co-workers, I opened it up for a change of pace.

I got none. His script was a top-tier, irredeemable power fantasy — sex trafficking, disability jokes, gendered violence, every scene's background packed with commentary-devoid, racist caricatures. It also had a pop culture gag on top, to guarantee clicks.

I asked him why he'd written it. He said it felt "important." I suggested he shelve it. He suggested that that would be a form of censorship. And I realized this: My dear friend had created a racist power fantasy about dismembering women, and he considered it bravely offensive.

I could have said that there was nothing brave about catering to the established tastes of other straight white comics dudes. I could have dropped any number of half-understood factoids about structural racism, the finishing move of the recently woke. I could have just said the jokes were weak.

Instead, I became cruel to him, with a dedication I'd previously reserved for myself.

Over months, I redirected every bit of our old creativity. I goaded him into arguments I knew would leave him shaken and unable to work. I positioned myself as a surrogate parent (so I could tell myself I was still a concerned ally) then laughed at him. I got him to escalate. And, privately, I told myself it was me who was under attack, the one with the grievance, and I cried about how my friend was betraying me.

I wanted to erase him (I realized years later) not because his script offended me, but because it made me laugh. It was full of the sense of humor we'd spent years on — not the jokes verbatim, but the pacing, structure, reveals, go-to gags. It had my DNA and it was funny. I thought I had become a monster-slayer, but this comic was a monster with my hands and mouth.

After years as the best of friends and as the bitterest of exes, we finally had a chance to meet in person. We were little more than acquaintances with sunk costs at that point, but we met anyway. Maybe we both wanted forgiveness, or an apology, or to see if we still had some jokes. Instead, I lectured him about electoral politics and race in a bar and never smiled.

  • code switch

Racism and History of Discrimination Essay

Racism and other kinds of discrimination have existed for centuries and still prevail in modern-day society. While many people view racism as a social construct that only exists among ordinary people, it is much more frequent among government authorities and law enforcement agencies, with police brutality being one of the most acute issues. Such an issue is not merely a local or state problem but a federal one, permeating the entire country. As a result, while different policies aim to eradicate racism-caused police brutality, it still exists and causes many deaths.

There are many instances of the given issue that led not just to disabilities but also to deaths. For example, despite a 1993 prohibition on chokeholds by the New York Police Department, policeman Daniel Pantaleo nonetheless fatally choked Eric Garner in 2014 (The Economist, 2020). In one of the latest occurrences, Derek Chauvin, a Minneapolis law enforcement officer, knelt on George Floyd’s neck for 8 minutes on May 25, 2020, causing George Floyd to pass away (Valbuena et al., 2020). As a result, the policy sector this sort of social injustice falls under is criminal justice. According to the United Nations, among the core problems that impact this sector are “racial profiling, harassment, verbal abuse and abuse of power by law enforcement officials” (United Nations, 2022). As a result, advocacy should be aimed at creating new models in criminal justice that will ensure the protection of all minority groups and due process. As has been mentioned by the UN, “racial discrimination in law enforcement and the criminal justice system cannot be separated from systemic racism” (United Nations, 2022). Therefore, such a macro policy intervention should aim at holding those law enforcement officers responsible for the brutality.

Hence, despite efforts to end racism-related police violence, it still occurs and claims many lives. Criminal justice is the area of policy that deals with this kind of social injustice. Racial discrimination, harassment, emotional insults, and the misuse of authority by law enforcement authorities are among the significant issues that have an influence on this industry, according to the United Nations. Therefore, advocacy efforts should focus on developing new criminal justice models that would guarantee the protection of all minority groups and due process. The goal of such a macro-political intervention should be to hold violent law enforcement personnel accountable.

The Economist. (2020). In America protests have already brought policy changes . The Economist. Web.

United Nations. (2022). Addressing and responding to racial discrimination in the criminal justice system . UN. Web.

Valbuena, V., Howard, R., Bonner, S., & Dimick, J. (2020). Let us not be silent . Annals of Surgery , 272 (6), 915-916. Web.

  • Chicago (A-D)
  • Chicago (N-B)

IvyPanda. (2024, January 19). Racism and History of Discrimination.

"Racism and History of Discrimination." IvyPanda , 19 Jan. 2024,

IvyPanda . (2024) 'Racism and History of Discrimination'. 19 January.

IvyPanda . 2024. "Racism and History of Discrimination." January 19, 2024.

1. IvyPanda . "Racism and History of Discrimination." January 19, 2024.


IvyPanda . "Racism and History of Discrimination." January 19, 2024.

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Read our research on: Abortion | Podcasts | Election 2024

Regions & Countries

Black americans have a clear vision for reducing racism but little hope it will happen, many say key u.s. institutions should be rebuilt to ensure fair treatment.

Photo showing visitors at the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial in Washington, D.C. (Astrid Riecken/picture alliance via Getty Images)

Pew Research Center conducted this analysis to understand the nuances among Black people on issues of racial inequality and social change in the United States. This in-depth survey explores differences among Black Americans in their views on the social status of the Black population in the U.S.; their assessments of racial inequality; their visions for institutional and social change; and their outlook on the chances that these improvements will be made. The analysis is the latest in the Center’s series of in-depth surveys of public opinion among Black Americans (read the first, “ Faith Among Black Americans ” and “ Race Is Central to Identity for Black Americans and Affects How They Connect With Each Other ”).

The online survey of 3,912 Black U.S. adults was conducted Oct. 4-17, 2021. Black U.S. adults include those who are single-race, non-Hispanic Black Americans; multiracial non-Hispanic Black Americans; and adults who indicate they are Black and Hispanic. The survey includes 1,025 Black adults on Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP) and 2,887 Black adults on Ipsos’ KnowledgePanel. Respondents on both panels are recruited through national, random sampling of residential addresses.

Recruiting panelists by phone or mail ensures that nearly all U.S. Black adults have a chance of selection. This gives us confidence that any sample can represent the whole population (see our Methods 101 explainer on random sampling). Here are the questions used for the survey of Black adults, along with its responses and methodology .

The terms “Black Americans,” “Black people” and “Black adults” are used interchangeably throughout this report to refer to U.S. adults who self-identify as Black, either alone or in combination with other races or Hispanic identity.

Throughout this report, “Black, non-Hispanic” respondents are those who identify as single-race Black and say they have no Hispanic background. “Black Hispanic” respondents are those who identify as Black and say they have Hispanic background. We use the terms “Black Hispanic” and “Hispanic Black” interchangeably. “Multiracial” respondents are those who indicate two or more racial backgrounds (one of which is Black) and say they are not Hispanic.

Respondents were asked a question about how important being Black was to how they think about themselves. In this report, we use the term “being Black” when referencing responses to this question.

In this report, “immigrant” refers to people who were not U.S. citizens at birth – in other words, those born outside the U.S., Puerto Rico or other U.S. territories to parents who were not U.S. citizens. We use the terms “immigrant,” “born abroad” and “foreign-born” interchangeably.

Throughout this report, “Democrats and Democratic leaners” and just “Democrats” both refer to respondents who identify politically with the Democratic Party or who are independent or some other party but lean toward the Democratic Party. “Republicans and Republican leaners” and just “Republicans” both refer to respondents who identify politically with the Republican Party or are independent or some other party but lean toward the Republican Party.

Respondents were asked a question about their voter registration status. In this report, respondents are considered registered to vote if they self-report being absolutely certain they are registered at their current address. Respondents are considered not registered to vote if they report not being registered or express uncertainty about their registration.

To create the upper-, middle- and lower-income tiers, respondents’ 2020 family incomes were adjusted for differences in purchasing power by geographic region and household size. Respondents were then placed into income tiers: “Middle income” is defined as two-thirds to double the median annual income for the entire survey sample. “Lower income” falls below that range, and “upper income” lies above it. For more information about how the income tiers were created, read the methodology .

Bar chart showing after George Floyd’s murder, half of Black Americans expected policy changes to address racial inequality, After George Floyd’s murder, half of Black Americans expected policy changes to address racial inequality

More than a year after the murder of George Floyd and the national protests, debate and political promises that ensued, 65% of Black Americans say the increased national attention on racial inequality has not led to changes that improved their lives. 1 And 44% say equality for Black people in the United States is not likely to be achieved, according to newly released findings from an October 2021 survey of Black Americans by Pew Research Center.

This is somewhat of a reversal in views from September 2020, when half of Black adults said the increased national focus on issues of race would lead to major policy changes to address racial inequality in the country and 56% expected changes that would make their lives better.

At the same time, many Black Americans are concerned about racial discrimination and its impact. Roughly eight-in-ten say they have personally experienced discrimination because of their race or ethnicity (79%), and most also say discrimination is the main reason many Black people cannot get ahead (68%).  

Even so, Black Americans have a clear vision for how to achieve change when it comes to racial inequality. This includes support for significant reforms to or complete overhauls of several U.S. institutions to ensure fair treatment, particularly the criminal justice system; political engagement, primarily in the form of voting; support for Black businesses to advance Black communities; and reparations in the forms of educational, business and homeownership assistance. Yet alongside their assessments of inequality and ideas about progress exists pessimism about whether U.S. society and its institutions will change in ways that would reduce racism.

These findings emerge from an extensive Pew Research Center survey of 3,912 Black Americans conducted online Oct. 4-17, 2021. The survey explores how Black Americans assess their position in U.S. society and their ideas about social change. Overall, Black Americans are clear on what they think the problems are facing the country and how to remedy them. However, they are skeptical that meaningful changes will take place in their lifetime.

Black Americans see racism in our laws as a big problem and discrimination as a roadblock to progress

Bar chart showing about six-in-ten Black adults say racism and police brutality are extremely big problems for Black people in the U.S. today

Black adults were asked in the survey to assess the current nature of racism in the United States and whether structural or individual sources of this racism are a bigger problem for Black people. About half of Black adults (52%) say racism in our laws is a bigger problem than racism by individual people, while four-in-ten (43%) say acts of racism committed by individual people is the bigger problem. Only 3% of Black adults say that Black people do not experience discrimination in the U.S. today.

In assessing the magnitude of problems that they face, the majority of Black Americans say racism (63%), police brutality (60%) and economic inequality (54%) are extremely or very big problems for Black people living in the U.S. Slightly smaller shares say the same about the affordability of health care (47%), limitations on voting (46%), and the quality of K-12 schools (40%).

Aside from their critiques of U.S. institutions, Black adults also feel the impact of racial inequality personally. Most Black adults say they occasionally or frequently experience unfair treatment because of their race or ethnicity (79%), and two-thirds (68%) cite racial discrimination as the main reason many Black people cannot get ahead today.

Black Americans’ views on reducing racial inequality

Bar chart showing many Black adults say institutional overhauls are necessary to ensure fair treatment

Black Americans are clear on the challenges they face because of racism. They are also clear on the solutions. These range from overhauls of policing practices and the criminal justice system to civic engagement and reparations to descendants of people enslaved in the United States.

Changing U.S. institutions such as policing, courts and prison systems

About nine-in-ten Black adults say multiple aspects of the criminal justice system need some kind of change (minor, major or a complete overhaul) to ensure fair treatment, with nearly all saying so about policing (95%), the courts and judicial process (95%), and the prison system (94%).

Roughly half of Black adults say policing (49%), the courts and judicial process (48%), and the prison system (54%) need to be completely rebuilt for Black people to be treated fairly. Smaller shares say the same about the political system (42%), the economic system (37%) and the health care system (34%), according to the October survey.

While Black Americans are in favor of significant changes to policing, most want spending on police departments in their communities to stay the same (39%) or increase (35%). A little more than one-in-five (23%) think spending on police departments in their area should be decreased.

Black adults who favor decreases in police spending are most likely to name medical, mental health and social services (40%) as the top priority for those reappropriated funds. Smaller shares say K-12 schools (25%), roads, water systems and other infrastructure (12%), and reducing taxes (13%) should be the top priority.

Voting and ‘buying Black’ viewed as important strategies for Black community advancement

Black Americans also have clear views on the types of political and civic engagement they believe will move Black communities forward. About six-in-ten Black adults say voting (63%) and supporting Black businesses or “buying Black” (58%) are extremely or very effective strategies for moving Black people toward equality in the U.S. Smaller though still significant shares say the same about volunteering with organizations dedicated to Black equality (48%), protesting (42%) and contacting elected officials (40%).

Black adults were also asked about the effectiveness of Black economic and political independence in moving them toward equality. About four-in-ten (39%) say Black ownership of all businesses in Black neighborhoods would be an extremely or very effective strategy for moving toward racial equality, while roughly three-in-ten (31%) say the same about establishing a national Black political party. And about a quarter of Black adults (27%) say having Black neighborhoods governed entirely by Black elected officials would be extremely or very effective in moving Black people toward equality.

Most Black Americans support repayment for slavery

Discussions about atonement for slavery predate the founding of the United States. As early as 1672 , Quaker abolitionists advocated for enslaved people to be paid for their labor once they were free. And in recent years, some U.S. cities and institutions have implemented reparations policies to do just that.

Most Black Americans say the legacy of slavery affects the position of Black people in the U.S. either a great deal (55%) or a fair amount (30%), according to the survey. And roughly three-quarters (77%) say descendants of people enslaved in the U.S. should be repaid in some way.

Black adults who say descendants of the enslaved should be repaid support doing so in different ways. About eight-in-ten say repayment in the forms of educational scholarships (80%), financial assistance for starting or improving a business (77%), and financial assistance for buying or remodeling a home (76%) would be extremely or very helpful. A slightly smaller share (69%) say cash payments would be extremely or very helpful forms of repayment for the descendants of enslaved people.

Where the responsibility for repayment lies is also clear for Black Americans. Among those who say the descendants of enslaved people should be repaid, 81% say the U.S. federal government should have all or most of the responsibility for repayment. About three-quarters (76%) say businesses and banks that profited from slavery should bear all or most of the responsibility for repayment. And roughly six-in-ten say the same about colleges and universities that benefited from slavery (63%) and descendants of families who engaged in the slave trade (60%).

Black Americans are skeptical change will happen

Bar chart showing little hope among Black adults that changes to address racial inequality are likely

Even though Black Americans’ visions for social change are clear, very few expect them to be implemented. Overall, 44% of Black adults say equality for Black people in the U.S. is a little or not at all likely. A little over a third (38%) say it is somewhat likely and only 13% say it is extremely or very likely.

They also do not think specific institutions will change. Two-thirds of Black adults say changes to the prison system (67%) and the courts and judicial process (65%) that would ensure fair treatment for Black people are a little or not at all likely in their lifetime. About six-in-ten (58%) say the same about policing. Only about one-in-ten say changes to policing (13%), the courts and judicial process (12%), and the prison system (11%) are extremely or very likely.

This pessimism is not only about the criminal justice system. The majority of Black adults say the political (63%), economic (62%) and health care (51%) systems are also unlikely to change in their lifetime.

Black Americans’ vision for social change includes reparations. However, much like their pessimism about institutional change, very few think they will see reparations in their lifetime. Among Black adults who say the descendants of people enslaved in the U.S. should be repaid, 82% say reparations for slavery are unlikely to occur in their lifetime. About one-in-ten (11%) say repayment is somewhat likely, while only 7% say repayment is extremely or very likely to happen in their lifetime.

Black Democrats, Republicans differ on assessments of inequality and visions for social change

Bar chart showing Black adults differ by party in their views on racial discrimination and changes to policing

Party affiliation is one key point of difference among Black Americans in their assessments of racial inequality and their visions for social change. Black Republicans and Republican leaners are more likely than Black Democrats and Democratic leaners to focus on the acts of individuals. For example, when summarizing the nature of racism against Black people in the U.S., the majority of Black Republicans (59%) say racist acts committed by individual people is a bigger problem for Black people than racism in our laws. Black Democrats (41%) are less likely to hold this view.

Black Republicans (45%) are also more likely than Black Democrats (21%) to say that Black people who cannot get ahead in the U.S. are mostly responsible for their own condition. And while similar shares of Black Republicans (79%) and Democrats (80%) say they experience racial discrimination on a regular basis, Republicans (64%) are more likely than Democrats (36%) to say that most Black people who want to get ahead can make it if they are willing to work hard.

On the other hand, Black Democrats are more likely than Black Republicans to focus on the impact that racial inequality has on Black Americans. Seven-in-ten Black Democrats (73%) say racial discrimination is the main reason many Black people cannot get ahead in the U.S, while about four-in-ten Black Republicans (44%) say the same. And Black Democrats are more likely than Black Republicans to say racism (67% vs. 46%) and police brutality (65% vs. 44%) are extremely big problems for Black people today.

Black Democrats are also more critical of U.S. institutions than Black Republicans are. For example, Black Democrats are more likely than Black Republicans to say the prison system (57% vs. 35%), policing (52% vs. 29%) and the courts and judicial process (50% vs. 35%) should be completely rebuilt for Black people to be treated fairly.

While the share of Black Democrats who want to see large-scale changes to the criminal justice system exceeds that of Black Republicans, they share similar views on police funding. Four-in-ten each of Black Democrats and Black Republicans say funding for police departments in their communities should remain the same, while around a third of each partisan coalition (36% and 37%, respectively) says funding should increase. Only about one-in-four Black Democrats (24%) and one-in-five Black Republicans (21%) say funding for police departments in their communities should decrease.

Among the survey’s other findings:

Black adults differ by age in their views on political strategies. Black adults ages 65 and older (77%) are most likely to say voting is an extremely or very effective strategy for moving Black people toward equality. They are significantly more likely than Black adults ages 18 to 29 (48%) and 30 to 49 (60%) to say this. Black adults 65 and older (48%) are also more likely than those ages 30 to 49 (38%) and 50 to 64 (42%) to say protesting is an extremely or very effective strategy. Roughly four-in-ten Black adults ages 18 to 29 say this (44%).

Gender plays a role in how Black adults view policing. Though majorities of Black women (65%) and men (56%) say police brutality is an extremely big problem for Black people living in the U.S. today, Black women are more likely than Black men to hold this view. When it comes to criminal justice, Black women (56%) and men (51%) are about equally likely to share the view that the prison system should be completely rebuilt to ensure fair treatment of Black people. However, Black women (52%) are slightly more likely than Black men (45%) to say this about policing. On the matter of police funding, Black women (39%) are slightly more likely than Black men (31%) to say police funding in their communities should be increased. On the other hand, Black men are more likely than Black women to prefer that funding stay the same (44% vs. 36%). Smaller shares of both Black men (23%) and women (22%) would like to see police funding decreased.

Income impacts Black adults’ views on reparations. Roughly eight-in-ten Black adults with lower (78%), middle (77%) and upper incomes (79%) say the descendants of people enslaved in the U.S. should receive reparations. Among those who support reparations, Black adults with upper and middle incomes (both 84%) are more likely than those with lower incomes (75%) to say educational scholarships would be an extremely or very helpful form of repayment. However, of those who support reparations, Black adults with lower (72%) and middle incomes (68%) are more likely than those with higher incomes (57%) to say cash payments would be an extremely or very helpful form of repayment for slavery.

  • Black adults in the September 2020 survey only include those who say their race is Black alone and are non-Hispanic. The same is true only for the questions of improvements to Black people’s lives and equality in the United States in the October 2021 survey. Throughout the rest of this report, Black adults include those who say their race is Black alone and non-Hispanic; those who say their race is Black and at least one other race and non-Hispanic; or Black and Hispanic, unless otherwise noted. ↩

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Table of contents, race is central to identity for black americans and affects how they connect with each other, black americans’ views of and engagement with science, black catholics in america, facts about the u.s. black population, the growing diversity of black america, most popular.

About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts .

Should college essays touch on race? Some feel affirmative action ruling leaves them no choice

A group of teenagers of color sit together on a floor

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When she started writing her college essay, Hillary Amofa told the story she thought admissions offices wanted to hear. About being the daughter of immigrants from Ghana and growing up in a small apartment in Chicago. About hardship and struggle.

Then she deleted it all.

“I would just find myself kind of trauma-dumping,” said the 18-year-old senior at Lincoln Park High School in Chicago. “And I’m just like, this doesn’t really say anything about me as a person.”

When the Supreme Court ended affirmative action in higher education , it left the college essay as one of few places where race can play a role in admissions decisions. For many students of color, instantly more was riding on the already high-stakes writing assignment. Some say they felt pressure to exploit their hardships as they competed for a spot on campus.

WASHINGTON, DC - JUNE 29: Kashish Bastola, a rising sophomore at Harvard University, hugs Nahla Owens, also a Harvard University student, outside of the Supreme Court of the United States on Thursday, June 29, 2023 in Washington, DC. In a 6-3 vote, Supreme Court Justices ruled that race-conscious admissions programs at Harvard and the University of North Carolina are unconstitutional, setting precedent for affirmative action in other universities and colleges. (Kent Nishimura / Los Angeles Times)

Supreme Court strikes down race-based affirmative action in college admissions

In another major reversal, the Supreme Court forbids the use of race as an admissions factor at colleges and universities.

June 29, 2023

Amofa was just starting to think about her essay when the court issued its decision, and it left her with a wave of questions. Could she still write about her race? Could she be penalized for it? She wanted to tell colleges about her heritage but she didn’t want to be defined by it.

In English class, Amofa and her classmates read sample essays that all seemed to focus on some trauma or hardship. It left her with the impression she had to write about her life’s hardest moments to show how far she’d come. But she and some classmates wondered if their lives had been hard enough to catch the attention of admissions offices.

This year’s senior class is the first in decades to navigate college admissions without affirmative action. The Supreme Court upheld the practice in decisions going back to the 1970s, but this court’s conservative supermajority found it is unconstitutional for colleges to give students extra weight because of their race alone.

Still, the decision left room for race to play an indirect role: Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. wrote that universities can still consider how an applicant’s life was shaped by their race, “so long as that discussion is concretely tied to a quality of character or unique ability.”

Scores of colleges responded with new essay prompts asking about students’ backgrounds.

EL SEGUNDO, CA - OCTOBER 27, 2023: High school senior Sam Srikanth, 17, has applied to elite east coast schools like Cornell and Duke but feels anxious since the competition to be accepted at these elite colleges has intensified in the aftermath of affirmative action on October 27, 2023 in El Segundo, California.(Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times)

Post-affirmative action, Asian American families are more stressed than ever about college admissions

Parents who didn’t grow up in the American system, and who may have moved to the U.S. in large part for their children’s education, feel desperate and in-the-dark. Some shell out tens of thousands of dollars for consultants as early as junior high.

Nov. 26, 2023

When Darrian Merritt started writing his essay, his first instinct was to write about events that led to him going to live with his grandmother as a child. Those were painful memories, but he thought they might play well at schools like Yale, Stanford and Vanderbilt.

“I feel like the admissions committee might expect a sob story or a tragic story,” said Merritt, a senior in Cleveland. “I wrestled with that a lot.”

Eventually he abandoned the idea and aimed for an essay that would stand out for its positivity.

Merritt wrote about a summer camp where he started to feel more comfortable in his own skin. He described embracing his personality and defying his tendency to please others. But the essay also reflects on his feelings of not being “Black enough” and being made fun of for listening to “white people music.”

Like many students, Max Decker of Portland, Ore., had drafted a college essay on one topic, only to change direction after the Supreme Court ruling in June.

Decker initially wrote about his love for video games. In a childhood surrounded by constant change, navigating his parents’ divorce, the games he took from place to place on his Nintendo DS were a source of comfort.

Los Angeles, CA - February 08: Scenes around the leafy campus of Occidental College Tuesday, Feb. 8, 2022 in Los Angeles, CA. (Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)

‘We’re really worried’: What do colleges do now after affirmative action ruling?

The Supreme Court’s ban on affirmative action has triggered angst on campuses about how to promote diversity without considering race in admissions decisions.

But the essay he submitted to colleges focused on the community he found through Word Is Bond, a leadership group for young Black men in Portland.

As the only biracial, Jewish kid with divorced parents in a predominantly white, Christian community, Decker wrote he felt like the odd one out. On a trip with Word Is Bond to Capitol Hill, he and friends who looked just like him shook hands with lawmakers. The experience, he wrote, changed how he saw himself.

“It’s because I’m different that I provide something precious to the world, not the other way around,” wrote Decker, whose top college choice is Tulane in New Orleans because of the region’s diversity.

Amofa used to think affirmative action was only a factor at schools like Harvard and Yale. After the court’s ruling, she was surprised to find that race was taken into account even at public universities she was applying to.

Now, without affirmative action, she wondered if mostly white schools will become even whiter.

LOS ANGELES-CA-MARCH 11, 2020: Classes have moved to online only at UCLA on Wednesday, March 11, 2020. (Christina House / Los Angeles Times)

A lot of what you’ve heard about affirmative action is wrong

Debate leading up to the Supreme Court’s decision has stirred up plenty of misconceptions. We break down the myths and explain the reality.

It’s been on her mind as she chooses between Indiana University and the University of Dayton, both of which have relatively few Black students. When she was one of the only Black students in her grade school, she could fall back on her family and Ghanaian friends at church. At college, she worries about loneliness.

“That’s what I’m nervous about,” she said. “Going and just feeling so isolated, even though I’m constantly around people.”

The first drafts of her essay didn’t tell colleges about who she is now, she said.

Her final essay describes how she came to embrace her natural hair. She wrote about going to a mostly white grade school where classmates made jokes about her afro.

Over time, she ignored their insults and found beauty in the styles worn by women in her life. She now runs a business doing braids and other hairstyles in her neighborhood.

“Criticism will persist,” she wrote “but it loses its power when you know there’s a crown on your head!”

Collin Binkley, Annie Ma and Noreen Nasir write for the Associated Press. Binkley and Nasir reported from Chicago and Ma from Portland, Ore.

More to Read

CLAREMONT, CA - APRIL 12: A campus tour takes place at Claremont McKenna College on Monday, April 12, 2021 in Claremont, CA. The school has reopened in-person tours after shutting them down last year amid the pandemic. The college tour is a key aid in helping students make their big decisions. (Myung J. Chun / Los Angeles Times)

Editorial: Early decision admissions for college unfairly favor wealthy students

Jan. 4, 2024

LYNWOOD, CA-SEPTEMBER 7, 2023: Ozze Mathis, 17, a senior at Lynwood High School, is photographed on campus. College presidents and admission experts are expecting a big boost at historically Black colleges and universities as application portals begin to open up for enrollment next year. It would be the first application cycle since the conservative-majority Supreme Court outlawed racism-based affirmative action admission policies. (Mel Melcon / Los Angeles Times)

HBCUs brace for flood of applications after Supreme Court affirmative action decision

Sept. 22, 2023

LOS ANGELES, CA - NOVEMBER 17: Royce Hall on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) as UCLA lecturers and students celebrate after a strike was averted Wednesday morning. Lecturers across the UC system were planning to strike Wednesday and Thursday over unfair labor practices. UCLA on Wednesday, Nov. 17, 2021 in Los Angeles, CA. (Al Seib / Los Angeles Times).

Opinion: In a post-affirmative action world, employers should learn from California’s experience

Sept. 16, 2023

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