If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.
If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked.
Course: US history > Unit 5
- Slavery and the Missouri Compromise
- Increasing political battles over slavery in the mid-1800s
- Start of the Civil War - secession and Fort Sumter
- Strategy of the Civil War
- Early phases of Civil War and Antietam
The Emancipation Proclamation
- Significance of the battle of Antietam
- The battle of Gettysburg
- The Gettysburg Address - setting and context
- Photographing the Battle of Gettysburg, O'Sullivan's Harvest of Death
- The Gettysburg Address - full text and analysis
- Later stages of the Civil War - 1863
- Later stages of the Civil War - the election of 1864 and Sherman's March
- Later stages of the Civil War - Appomattox and Lincoln's assassination
- Big takeaways from the Civil War
- The Civil War
Slavery and the Civil War
Lincoln's dilemma, towards emancipation, interpreting the proclamation, significance of the proclamation, want to join the conversation.
- Upvote Button navigates to signup page
- Downvote Button navigates to signup page
- Flag Button navigates to signup page
- History Classics
- Your Profile
- Find History on Facebook (Opens in a new window)
- Find History on Twitter (Opens in a new window)
- Find History on YouTube (Opens in a new window)
- Find History on Instagram (Opens in a new window)
- Find History on TikTok (Opens in a new window)
- This Day In History
- History Podcasts
- History Vault
- History Travel
By: History.com Editors
Updated: March 29, 2023 | Original: October 29, 2009
On September 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that as of January 1, 1863, all enslaved people in the states currently engaged in rebellion against the Union “shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.”
Lincoln didn’t actually free all of the approximately 4 million men, women and children held in slavery in the United States when he signed the formal Emancipation Proclamation the following January. The document applied only to enslaved people in the Confederacy, and not to those in the border states that remained loyal to the Union.
But although it was presented chiefly as a military measure, the proclamation marked a crucial shift in Lincoln’s views on slavery. Emancipation would redefine the Civil War , turning it from a struggle to preserve the Union to one focused on ending slavery, and set a decisive course for how the nation would be reshaped after that historic conflict.
Abe Lincoln's Developing Views on Slavery
Sectional tensions over slavery in the United States had been building for decades by 1854, when Congress’ passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act opened territory that had previously been closed to slavery according to the Missouri Compromise . Opposition to the act led to the formation of the Republican Party in 1854 and revived the failing political career of an Illinois lawyer named Abraham Lincoln, who rose from obscurity to national prominence and claimed the Republican nomination for president in 1860.
Lincoln personally hated slavery, and considered it immoral. "If the negro is a man, why then my ancient faith teaches me that 'all men are created equal;' and that there can be no moral right in connection with one man's making a slave of another," he said in a now-famous speech in Peoria, Illinois, in 1854. But Lincoln didn’t believe the Constitution gave the federal government the power to abolish it in the states where it already existed, only to prevent its establishment to new western territories that would eventually become states. In his first inaugural address in early 1861, he declared that he had “no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with slavery in the States where it exists.” By that time, however, seven Southern states had already seceded from the Union, forming the Confederate States of America and setting the stage for the Civil War.
First Years of the Civil War
At the outset of that conflict, Lincoln insisted that the war was not about freeing enslaved people in the South but about preserving the Union. Four border slave states (Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri) remained on the Union side, and many others in the North also opposed abolition. When one of his generals, John C. Frémont, put Missouri under martial law, declaring that Confederate sympathizers would have their property seized, and their enslaved people would be freed (the first emancipation proclamation of the war), Lincoln directed him to reverse that policy, and later removed him from command.
But hundreds of enslaved men, women and children were fleeing to Union-controlled areas in the South, such as Fortress Monroe in Virginia, where Gen. Benjamin F. Butler had declared them “contraband” of war, defying the Fugitive Slave Law mandating their return to their owners. Abolitionists argued that freeing enslaved people in the South would help the Union win the war, as enslaved labor was vital to the Confederate war effort.
In July 1862, Congress passed the Militia Act, which allowed Black men to serve in the U.S. armed forces as laborers, and the Confiscation Act, which mandated that enslaved people seized from Confederate supporters would be declared forever free. Lincoln also tried to get the border states to agree to gradual emancipation, including compensation to enslavers, with little success. When abolitionists criticized him for not coming out with a stronger emancipation policy, Lincoln replied that he valued saving the Union over all else.
“My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union and is not either to save or to destroy slavery,” he wrote in an editorial published in the Daily National Intelligencer in August 1862. “If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that.”
From Preliminary to Formal Emancipation Proclamation
At the same time however, Lincoln’s cabinet was mulling over the document that would become the Emancipation Proclamation. Lincoln had written a draft in late July, and while some of his advisers supported it, others were anxious. William H. Seward, Lincoln’s secretary of state, urged the president to wait to announce emancipation until the Union won a significant victory on the battlefield, and Lincoln took his advice.
On September 17, 1862, Union troops halted the advance of Confederate forces led by Gen. Robert E. Lee near Sharpsburg, Maryland, in the Battle of Antietam . Days later, Lincoln went public with the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which called on all Confederate states to rejoin the Union within 100 days—by January 1, 1863—or their slaves would be declared “thenceforward, and forever free.”
On January 1, Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, which included nothing about gradual emancipation, compensation for enslavers or Black emigration and colonization, a policy Lincoln had supported in the past. Lincoln justified emancipation as a wartime measure, and was careful to apply it only to the Confederate states currently in rebellion. Exempt from the proclamation were the four border slave states and all or parts of three Confederate states controlled by the Union Army.
Impact of the Emancipation Proclamation
As Lincoln’s decree applied only to territory outside the realm of his control, the Emancipation Proclamation had little actual effect on freeing any of the nation’s enslaved people. But its symbolic power was enormous, as it announced freedom for enslaved people as one of the North’s war aims, alongside preserving the Union itself. It also had practical effects: Nations like Britain and France, which had previously considered supporting the Confederacy to expand their power and influence, backed off due to their steadfast opposition to slavery. Black Americans were permitted to serve in the Union Army for the first time, and nearly 200,000 would do so by the end of the war.
Finally, the Emancipation Proclamation paved the way for the permanent abolition of slavery in the United States. As Lincoln and his allies in Congress realized emancipation would have no constitutional basis after the war ended, they soon began working to enact a Constitutional amendment abolishing slavery. By the end of January 1865, both houses of Congress had passed the 13th Amendment , and it was ratified that December.
"It is my greatest and most enduring contribution to the history of the war,” Lincoln said of emancipation in February 1865, two months before his assassination. “It is, in fact, the central act of my administration, and the great event of the 19th century."
HISTORY Vault: Abraham Lincoln
A definitive biography of the 16th U.S. president, the man who led the country during its bloodiest war and greatest crisis.
The Emancipation Proclamation, National Archives
10 Facts: The Emancipation Proclamation, American Battlefield Trust
Eric Foner, The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010)
Allen C. Guelzo, “Emancipation and the Quest for Freedom.” National Park Service .
Sign up for Inside History
Get HISTORY’s most fascinating stories delivered to your inbox three times a week.
By submitting your information, you agree to receive emails from HISTORY and A+E Networks. You can opt out at any time. You must be 16 years or older and a resident of the United States.
The Emancipation Proclamation
See the Emancipation Proclamation on special exhibit at the National Archives Museum, April 14 - 16, 2019
The Emancipation Proclamation (page 1) Record Group 11 General Records of the United States
View in National Archives Catalog
President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
Despite this expansive wording, the Emancipation Proclamation was limited in many ways. It applied only to states that had seceded from the United States, leaving slavery untouched in the loyal border states. It also expressly exempted parts of the Confederacy (the Southern secessionist states) that had already come under Northern control. Most important, the freedom it promised depended upon Union (United States) military victory.
Although the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation, it captured the hearts and imagination of millions of Americans and fundamentally transformed the character of the war. After January 1, 1863, every advance of federal troops expanded the domain of freedom. Moreover, the Proclamation announced the acceptance of black men into the Union Army and Navy, enabling the liberated to become liberators. By the end of the war, almost 200,000 black soldiers and sailors had fought for the Union and freedom.
From the first days of the Civil War, slaves had acted to secure their own liberty. The Emancipation Proclamation confirmed their insistence that the war for the Union must become a war for freedom. It added moral force to the Union cause and strengthened the Union both militarily and politically. As a milestone along the road to slavery's final destruction, the Emancipation Proclamation has assumed a place among the great documents of human freedom.
The original of the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863, is in the National Archives in Washington, DC. With the text covering five pages the document was originally tied with narrow red and blue ribbons, which were attached to the signature page by a wafered impression of the seal of the United States. Most of the ribbon remains; parts of the seal are still decipherable, but other parts have worn off.
The document was bound with other proclamations in a large volume preserved for many years by the Department of State. When it was prepared for binding, it was reinforced with strips along the center folds and then mounted on a still larger sheet of heavy paper. Written in red ink on the upper right-hand corner of this large sheet is the number of the Proclamation, 95, given to it by the Department of State long after it was signed. With other records, the volume containing the Emancipation Proclamation was transferred in 1936 from the Department of State to the National Archives of the United States.
- Transcript of the Proclamation
- The Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, 1862
- "The Emancipation Proclamation: An Act of Justice" by John Hope Franklin.
- Audio: Former slave Charlie Smith discusses work and living situation after the Emancipation Proclamation . (357K, 0:46) from NARA's National Archives Catalog (NWDNM(s)-16.332B)
- The Charters of Freedom
The National Archives’ annual display of the Emancipation Proclamation is made possible in part by the National Archives Foundation through the generous support of The Boeing Company.
Abraham Lincoln and Emancipation
Written by: Allen Guelzo, Princeton University
By the end of this section, you will:.
- Explain how Lincoln’s leadership during the Civil War impacted American ideals over the course of the war
Use this Decision Point in conjunction with The Rhetoric of Abraham Lincoln DBQ Lesson to have students analyze Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation.
No one ever doubted that Abraham Lincoln hated slavery. He said so repeatedly, from his first entrance into political life until his death. As a state representative in Illinois in 1837, he made one of his earliest motions on the floor of the Illinois legislature by resolving “that the institution of slavery is founded on both injustice and bad policy.” That slavery existed as a form of labor at all was a testimony to “the selfishness of man’s nature,” whereas “opposition to it is in his love of justice.” And years later, as president, Lincoln repeated even more forcefully, “I am naturally anti-slavery. If slavery is not wrong, nothing is wrong. I can not remember when I did not so think, and feel.”
And yet, although Lincoln “always hated slavery, I think as much as any Abolitionist,” he was not, in fact, an abolitionist or an advocate for the immediate liberation of all American slaves without qualifications or any form of financial compensation to their owners. By temperament he was simply suspicious of hasty solutions and all-or-nothing answers to complicated problems. “If all earthly power were given me, I should not know what to do, as to the existing institution,” he said, because the existing slave population was African American, and not only slaveowners but ordinary whites across the country harbored deeply antagonistic attitudes toward black people, free or slave. “My first impulse,” Lincoln said, “would be to free all the slaves, and send them to Liberia, to their own native land.” But this would be impractical. “What next? Free them, and make them politically and socially, our equals?” He knew that “the great mass of white people” would never accept this, even if freedom and equality “accords with justice and sound judgment.”
Lincoln faced a momentous decision upon assuming the presidency in March 1861. The Deep South had already seceded, and civil war threatened to divide the country further. Lincoln reasoned that slavery was a grave moral evil and was greatly opposed to it. However, he was also a constitutionalist who took seriously his duties to faithfully execute the laws of the United States. The Constitution did not authorize the president to interfere with slavery where it existed in the states, as Lincoln asserted in his First Inaugural Address. Many additional considerations claimed his attention, too, such as preserving the Union, suppressing the rebellion, keeping the border states on the Union side, and maintaining the support of the North. Lincoln had to find a way to free the slaves in a lawful manner that could not simply be overturned by the Supreme Court. Therefore, as much as he personally might want to end slavery—and as much as abolitionists pressured him to act immediately—he trod a narrow path on the way to the Emancipation Proclamation.
Lincoln hoped the southern states, where legalized slavery prevailed, might adopt “systems of gradual emancipation.” And in general, he thought the best path toward eliminating slavery had to include “three main features—gradual [emancipation]—compensation—and vote of the people.” These requirements, he admitted, would make for a slow process, but slowness might have the benefit of allowing the “two races” to “gradually live themselves out of their old relation to each other, and both come out better prepared for the new.”
Still, for most of his career, Lincoln took few public steps in any of these directions. In his solitary term representing Illinois in the U.S. House of Representatives, he formulated a bill for the ending of slavery in the District of Columbia, but it was never formally introduced. He was convinced that the Constitution, as well as the restrictive legislation adopted in the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850, would inevitably ensure the “ultimate extinction of that institution.”
The existence of slavery in the nation’s capital was viewed with disgust by many antislavery proponents. (a) This drawing depicting slaves in front of the Capitol building dates from 1836. (b) After Lincoln was elected to House of Representatives in 1846, he formulated a bill to end slavery in the District. But he never introduced the bill, and he served only one term in the House.
The passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854 jolted Lincoln out of this complacency, because the act repealed the Missouri Compromise’s restrictions on the expansion of slavery into the western territories and opened the possibility that future states carved out of those territories could be aggressively occupied by slaveowners. “We were thunderstruck and stunned; and we reeled and fell in utter confusion,” Lincoln recalled. He joined a new antislavery political party, the Republicans, and was further shaken by the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford in 1857, which seemed to allow for the reintroduction of slavery into the free states as well. In 1858, Lincoln challenged the architect of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Stephen A. Douglas, for Douglas’s U.S. Senate seat from Illinois. In the seven public debates Lincoln held with Douglas, he denounced slavery as “the same spirit” as that of “a king who seeks to bestride the people of his own nation and live by the fruit of their labor.” Lincoln lost the election, but the debates made him nationally famous and led the Republicans to make him their presidential nominee in 1860.
This composite photographic image depicts Lincoln and Douglass at the time of their debates in the contest for the Illinois senate in 1858.
Lincoln was elected president on November 6, 1860, and almost at once, 11 of the 15 states in the American Union where slavery was legal began making threats and preparations to secede. Between December 1860 and February 1861, seven of them did secede, and they created an alternate government, the Confederate States of America. Lincoln struggled to calm the storm, reminding slaveholders that, as president, he had no authority “directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists.” But when Confederate forces bombarded the U.S. Army installation at Fort Sumter, in Charleston harbor, into submission, Lincoln denounced the attack as pure rebellion and called out “the war power of the government” to suppress the secessionists.
At first, Lincoln seemed determined to conduct the war purely as a police action, to suppress the Confederate insurrection. In August 1861, the Federal commandant of the District of Missouri, John Charles Fremont, attempted to declare martial law throughout the state and threatened to emancipate the slaves of any who resisted. Lincoln asked Fremont to revise his order to conform with the First Confiscation Act. When Fremont declined, Lincoln at once countermanded Fremont’s order, arguing that it would push Missouri (a slave state but still loyal to the Union) into the arms of the Confederates: “There is great danger that. . . the liberating slaves of traitorous owners, will alarm our Southern Union friends, and turn them against us.”
Nevertheless, Lincoln also understood that the war provided an opportunity to begin undermining slavery. In November, he proposed a federally financed buyout of the 1,700 slaves living in Delaware (another slave state that had remained in the Union), hoping this would provide a model for encouraging the emancipation of slaves in Missouri and the other two loyal slave states, Kentucky and Maryland.
These “border states,” however, threw the buyout plan back in Lincoln’s face. By July, Lincoln was convinced he needed a new strategy, and he found it in the constitutional provision that made him “Commander-in-Chief of the army and navy of the United States” (Article 2, section 2). Although the Constitution did not specify what “war powers” he possessed as commander-in-chief, Lincoln was persuaded that they must include whatever measures would effectively weaken an enemy, and emancipating the Confederacy’s slaves would surely do that. Congress had just passed a Second Confiscation Act calling on Confederates to surrender or have their slave property seized, but Lincoln thought it was of dubious legality.
On July 22, 1862, Lincoln introduced to his cabinet a preliminary draft of an Emancipation Proclamation, freeing the Confederacy’s slaves (although not the border states’ slaves) as a “military necessity.” The cabinet generally agreed, but Secretary of State William H. Seward urged Lincoln to withhold the Proclamation until the Union armies had won a significant military victory, lest the Proclamation appear to be a sign of desperation.
The first draft of the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln shared with his cabinet in July 1862 was written in his own handwriting. (b) New York artist Francis Bicknell Carpenter deeply respected Lincoln and painted his “First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Lincoln” in 1864, two years after Lincoln had shared the draft with his cabinet. Secretary of State Seward, who advised the president to wait for a Union victory before issuing the Proclamation, is shown with crossed legs, facing Lincoln.
Lincoln relented. But as soon as Union forces had checked an attempted invasion of Maryland at the Battle of Antietam in September 1862, Lincoln believed the time had come. As he explained to his cabinet, once the rebels had been driven out of Maryland, he had made a “vow” to God “to issue a Proclamation of Emancipation.” The “rebel army is now driven out,” he said, “I am going to fulfil that promise.” Lincoln had concluded that “God had decided this question in favor of the slaves. He was satisfied it was right,” and “was confirmed and strengthened in his action by the vow and the results.” On September 22, he released the Proclamation with a warning that unless the Confederates submitted by January 1, 1863, the Proclamation would go into effect. The rebels only scoffed, and on January 1, 1863, Lincoln signed the Proclamation into law.
This political cartoon, depicting the Emancipation Proclamation as Lincoln’s last warning to the South, appeared in Harper’s Weekly in October 1862. If the rebel does not come down (surrender), then Lincoln will destroy the tree of slavery with the Proclamation.
The Proclamation had its limitations, especially because it emancipated only those enslaved people in territory still under Confederate control. In other words, emancipation became a reality once these territories were retaken by Union forces. Because it was a “war powers” measure, and the border states were not at war with the government, slaves in the border states remained slaves. Nor was the Proclamation a particularly eloquent document, like the Gettysburg Address, but Lincoln feared intervention from a federal court system that still had strong adherents of Dred Scott thinking on its benches. Lincoln suspected Chief Justice Roger Taney would overturn the Proclamation and that his constitutional power over slavery would end when the war ended. Many people believed he intended the proclamation only as a bargaining chip for negotiations with the Confederates.
Lincoln, in fact, had no intention of either bargaining with the Confederates or rescinding the Proclamation. “I should be damned in time & in eternity for so doing,” he insisted. He assured Confederate representatives that he would “never would change or modify the terms of the proclamation in the slightest particular.” He told a general in July that “I think it is valid in law, and will be so held by the courts.” But even if not, “I think I shall not retract or repudiate it. Those who shall have tasted actual freedom I believe can never be slaves, or quasi slaves again.”
If anything, Lincoln looked for ways to make the Proclamation permanent, opening recruitment in the Union army to black volunteers, making acceptance of the Proclamation a condition for the restoration of the Union, urging new state governments in the South to consider giving freed men the vote, and ultimately pushing through Congress an amendment to the Constitution that abolished slavery everywhere in the United States. The Proclamation thus became not only a monument on the path to freedom but the culmination of Lincoln’s lifelong abhorrence of slavery.
1. Lincoln’s first political act, which demonstrated his hatred of slavery, was
- formulating a bill to end slavery in the District of Columbia
- pushing the Thirteenth Amendment through Congress
- proposing a resolution in the Illinois legislature that included a denunciation of slavery
- opening recruitment in the Union Army to black volunteers
2. Lincoln’s strong feelings against the institution of slavery were reinforced by the issuance of the
- Compromise of 1850
- Fugitive Slave Act
- novel titled Uncle Tom’s Cabin
- Dred Scott decision
3. Lincoln’s first move as president for emancipating slaves was
- a military order in Missouri
- a federally financed buyout of slaveholders in Delaware
- congressional legislation
- a request for a favorable Supreme Court decision
4. Lincoln believed the best path toward eliminating slavery should include all the following except
- gradual emancipation
- compensation for slaveholders
- voluntary emancipation
- abolition and deportation of slaves to Africa
5. Lincoln waited until the fall of 1862 to issue the Emancipation Proclamation because
- he had agreed to wait for a Union military victory
- Congress was not yet in session
- he had been waiting for the slaves to stage a rebellion
- the border states petitioned him to wait
6. The Emancipation Proclamation did not free the slaves of the border states, because
- those states had declared their neutrality in the Civil War
- the Proclamation applied only to the states at war with the United States
- Lincoln was not interested in the slaves of the border states
- the border states threatened to sue in federal court
Free Response Questions
- Explain the evolution of President Lincoln’s stance on slavery.
- Explain why Lincoln waited until January 1, 1863—a year and a half into the Civil War—to free the slaves.
AP Practice Questions
“If I were to suggest anything it would be that as the North are already for the measure, we should urge it persuasively, and not menacingly, upon the South. I am a little uneasy about the abolishment of slavery in this District, not but I would be glad to see it abolished, but as to the time and manner of doing it. If some one or more of the border-states would move fast, I should greatly prefer it; but if this can not be in a reasonable time, I would like the bill to have the three main features—gradual—compensation—and vote of the people—I do not talk to members of congress on the subject, except when they ask me. I am not prepared to make any suggestion about confiscation. I may drop you a line hereafter. Yours truly A. LINCOLN” Abraham Lincoln, “Letter to Honorable Horace Greeley,” March 24, 1862
Refer to the excerpt provided.
1. The phrase “vote of the people” in the excerpted letter suggests Lincoln’s solution to the slavery issue would be decided by
- presidential decree
- an act of Congress
- a poll of slaveholders
- a Supreme Court decision
2. Based on the letter, Lincoln’s ideas regarding emancipation were less radical than those of which of the following?
- John C. Calhoun
- Daniel Webster
- William Lloyd Garrison
Lincoln, Abraham. “Drafts of a Bill for Compensated Emancipation in Delaware.” November 1861. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/l/lincoln/lincoln5/1:74?rgn=div1;view=fulltext
Lincoln, Abraham. “Peoria Speech, October 16, 1854.” https://www.nps.gov/liho/learn/historyculture/peoriaspeech.htm
Lincoln, Abraham. “To Albert G. Hodges.” April 4, 1864. http://www.abrahamlincolnonline.org/lincoln/speeches/hodges.htm
Lincoln, Abraham. “To Horace Greeley.” March 24, 1862. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/l/lincoln/lincoln5/1:364?rgn=div1;view=fulltext
Lincoln, Abraham. “To Stephen A. Hurlbut.” July 31, 1863. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/l/lincoln/lincoln6/1:757?rgn=div1;view=fulltext
The Emancipation Proclamation. National Archives. https://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured-documents/emancipation-proclamation
Franklin, John Hope. The Emancipation Proclamation . Garden City, NJ: Doubleday, 1963.
Guelzo, Allen C. Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America . New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004.
Masur, Louis P. Lincoln’s Hundred Days: The Emancipation Proclamation and the War for the Union . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012.
Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness
In our resource history is presented through a series of narratives, primary sources, and point-counterpoint debates that invites students to participate in the ongoing conversation about the American experiment.
Emancipation Proclamation - List of Essay Samples And Topic Ideas
The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, was a monumental declaration that declared the freedom of slaves in Confederate-held territory. Essays could delve into the political and social context surrounding this declaration, examining how the evolving circumstances of the Civil War influenced Lincoln’s decision. The discourse might extend to the immediate and long-term effects of the proclamation on the war, the abolitionist movement, and the lives of the enslaved individuals. Discussions could also explore the international implications of the Emancipation Proclamation, particularly its impact on European attitudes towards the Confederacy. Moreover, essays might focus on the legacy of the Emancipation Proclamation, exploring how it shaped the broader struggle for civil rights and racial equality in the United States, and how it continues to be remembered and celebrated in contemporary American society. We’ve gathered an extensive assortment of free essay samples on the topic of Emancipation Proclamation you can find at PapersOwl Website. You can use our samples for inspiration to write your own essay, research paper, or just to explore a new topic for yourself.
Abraham Lincoln as the Great Emancipator
Abraham Lincoln was our sixteenth president. He issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which ended slavery, or was supposed to end slavery. Our President did a lot of things for our country. Although his issue on the Emancipation Proclamation was not completely successful and he ordered it for all the wrong reasons. He accomplished great things but lost his reasoning closer to the end. On January 1st in 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation was issued. There had been a lot of anticipation for […]
Abraham Lincoln Influential Leader
While each President of the United States has their own personal legacy, a select few of the men who occupied office can be considered as one of the most influential to the United States, and its development. One president in particular laid the groundwork that helped shape our nation in to what it is today, a country that is united and promotes equality. Facilitating reconciliation when the North and South were divided, abolishing slavery, and giving one of the most […]
The Minie Ball Shaped
1. The minie ball shaped the Civil War because it was a huge advantage to both sides. It was twice as fast to load, and they were a lot cheaper to make. They were also very good quality; they could kill someone within a second of the bullet being fired. A few other inventions helped out the war effort. One of the inventions being the telegraph. In the White House, there was a room filled with telegraphs, and wires were […]
Abraham Lincoln and the Gettysburg Address
Abraham Lincoln wrote and delivered one of America’s renown speeches during the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln did not attend college, but he did receive very little education at an early age. Lincoln lived in a rural area in his early life, helping his father provide for his family. As he became of age, he later went to receive his license in law in Illinois and had a career for over twenty years (Abraham). In his era many people did not […]
Abraham Lincolns Changing Viewpoints
There are several reasons for Lincoln’s statement in 1858 about not having equality between the races and his issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862. Lincoln had shifting viewpoints regarding slavery when he got elected and throughout the war. Each of his opinions made sense at the time for Lincoln taking the position he took at the different time periods. As the war approached, Lincoln made certain decisions in order to ensure the stability of the union. Although one of […]
We will write an essay sample crafted to your needs.
Americans Think of African-Americans
When Americans think of African-Americans in the deep south before the Civil War, the first image that comes to mind is one of slavery. However, many African-Americans secured their freedom and lived in a state of semi-freedom even before slavery was abolished by war. Free blacks lived in all parts of the United States, but the majority lived amongst slavery in the south. Freed Blacks continued to be treated as less than a citizen than their white counterparts because the […]
Role of Technology in the American Civil War
The American Civil War is the first real modern war in America. Most of the technology and weaponry used in the Civil War can be traced back to the Industrial Revolution era. The Industrial Revolution was a time of profound transformation that resulted in new manufacturing processes. It was a time of profound transformation that resulted in new manufacturing processes. By the mid-19th century, mass production industries have been developed mainly in the North, which led them to control a […]
My Thoughts on Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass was a book that really opened my eyes. Frederick Douglass was born a slave. He was what they called a mixed slave because his father was most likely their master, Captain Anthony. Mixed slaves tended to get treated more cruelly than other slaves. It was really common for masters to impregnate and fornicate with their slaves. Douglass started his slavery in the household, since he was just a kid. He was then […]
Speeches “The Gettysburg Address” and “I have a Dream”
When one reads “I Have a Dream” speech and the Gettysburg Address one understands why Martin Luther King Jr. and Abraham Lincoln are American heroes. Looking back in history one can understand why their names will always be remembered in American’s history. Both of these gentlemen had two different types of speeches but the same and each speech has left a mark in history. Abraham Lincoln in the Gettysburg Address stated what he hoped for the future of this nation. […]
Lincoln is the most Remember President
"Lincoln is the most remember president of the United States of America because of his views on many thing. As the 16th president, he is also known as the most influential to have ever been elected into the United States office Abraham Lincoln, a self-taught lawyer, legislator and vocal opponent of slavery, was elected 16th president of the United States in November 1860, shortly before the outbreak of the Civil War. Lincoln proved to be a military strategist and a […]
The Significance of the Gettysburg Address
Abraham Lincoln has been a profound figure in history since the 1830s. One of his most famous speeches was the Gettysburg Address. This was a speech given by Lincoln that four months after the Battle at Gettysburg. Abraham's main focus, in the beginning, was to unite the country. After his Gettysburg Address, it seemed his focus also involved freeing the slaves. Lincoln gave his short speech following Everett's two-hour long speech. Everett basically said Lincoln accomplished more in his two-minute […]
Abraham Lincoln the Greatest Leaders of our Nation
Abraham Lincoln lived from 1809 to 1865 and was undoubtedly one of the greatest leaders of our nation while serving as the sixteenth President of the United States. With no surprise, different leaders use different leadership abilities to not only offer direction to their subjects, but also to motivate people and implement great plans. During his time as commander in chief, President Lincoln had many great accomplishments to his credit, some of which include the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation, […]
The 16th President of the USA
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States of America. He was born February 12, 1809, to Thomas and Nancy Lincoln, in a small one-room cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky. His family moved to Macon County, Illinois, in 1830, where he got a job hauling freight down the Mississippi River into New Orleans. They settled down in the town of New Salem, Illinois, where Lincoln became involved in local politics as a proud supported of the Whig Party. […]
The Death of Abraham Lincoln John Wilkes Booth
John Wilkes Booth was a highly recognized actor, who was a faithful devoted advocate of slavery and the south confederacy throughout the civil war in the united states of america. As a child John Wilkes was the second to youngest (out of 10 kids) that was born to the famous actor Junius Brutus Booth. John was raised in the city of Baltimore, On a farm his dad owned A few miles away from Bel Air, Maryland, Which utilized the labor […]
Abraham Lincoln an American Legand
Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States of America, was born February 12th, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky. His parents were both farmers, which led to Abraham only learning to basically only write his name during his earlier years of childhood. Lincoln mainly spent time as a carpenter and farmer living and growing up on the Kentucky frontier. He also spent some of his childhood living in the state of Indiana as well. Growing up and spending most […]
Civil War and Abraham Lincoln
Thesis: To what extent did Abraham Lincoln’s election influence the outcomes of the Civil War? Introduction: Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th president of the United States in November of 1860 before the start of the Civil War and continued as president during the War. He sought to unify the nation, to create a better country and to abolish slavery. Abraham Lincoln described the reality that you can’t avoid destiny so you must prepare yourself for it. “You cannot escape […]
Self Help is all we Need?
Who can we turn to if we don't believe in anyone? This was the prevailing mindset amongst African Americans during the Jim Crow era and post-reconstruction period. Even though the Civil War was over and African Americans were technically free, the situation was far from straightforward. Despite the fact that African Americans were no longer legally enslaved, many continued to live under challenging conditions, with few opportunities beyond sharecropping- work that was strikingly similar to the labor performed by slaves. […]
The Battle against African Americans
Ida Wells has helped African American history. Ida Bell Wells was born on July 16, 1862 in Holly Springs, Mississippi and die in Chicago, Illinois on March 25, 1931. She was an African-American journalist, abolitionist and feminist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. She went on to found and become integral in groups striving for African-American justice. A lynching in Memphis incensed Ida B. Wells and led to her to begin an anti-lynching campaign […]
Additional example essays.
- Martin Luther King vs Malcolm X
- Martin Luther King Speech Evaluation
- Ruby Bridges Biography
- The People of the State of California v. Orenthal James Simpson
- Sigmund Freud: Life, Theory & Contributions to Psychology
- Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud
- Why Abortion Should be Illegal
- Why Abortion is Wrong
- Discrimination against blacks in A Raisin in the sun
- Social Media and the Movement of Ideas Summary
- Similarities and Difference The Crucible Play and Movie
- Cause and Effect of Illegal Immigration: Examining Barriers
1. Tell Us Your Requirements
2. Pick your perfect writer
3. Get Your Paper and Pay
Emancipation Proclamation: Effects, Impacts, and Outcomes
There is one document from the American Civil War that is considered to be one of the most important, valuable and impactful of all documents. That document was known as the Emancipation Proclamation.
This executive order was drafted and signed by Abraham Lincoln on January 1 st , 1863, during the Civil War. Many people believe that the emancipation proclamation effectively ended slavery but the truth is far more complicated than that.
US History Timeline: The Dates of America’s Journey
The Louisiana Purchase: America’s Big Expansion
The Emancipation Proclamation was a momentous occasion in the history of the United States . It was created by Abraham Lincoln as a way to try and take advantage of the rebellion that was currently underway in the south. This rebellion was known as the Civil War, with the North and the South divided due to ideological differences.
The political situation of the Civil War was relatively dire. With the South in a state of outright rebellion, it was on Abraham Lincoln’s shoulders to try and preserve the Union at all costs. The war itself was still not recognized by the North as a war, because Abraham Lincoln refused to recognize the South as its own nation. While the South prefer to call itself the Confederate States of America, to the north they were still states of the United States of America.
Civil War Biographies
Ann rutledge: abraham lincoln’s first true love, the paradoxical president: re-imagining abraham lincoln, the right arm of custer: colonel james h. kidd, the jekyll and hyde myth of nathan bedford forrest, william mckinley: modern-day relevance of a conflicted past.
The Emancipation Proclamation’s entire purpose was to free the slaves in the South. In fact, the Emancipation Proclamation had nothing to do with slavery in the North. The Union would still be a slave nation during the war, despite the fact that Abraham Lincoln would y be laying the ground for a greater abolitionist movement. When the proclamation was passed, it was aimed at the states that were currently in rebellion; the entire purpose was to disarm the South.
During the Civil War, the Southern economy was primarily based on slavery. With the majority of men fighting in the Civil War, slaves were used primarily for reinforcing soldiers, transporting goods, and working in agricultural labor back home. The South did not have the same level of industrialism without slavery, as the North did. Essentially, when Lincoln passed to the Emancipation Proclamation it was actually an attempt to weaken the Confederate states by removing one of their strongest methods of production.
This decision was primarily pragmatic; Lincoln was focused entirely on disarming the South. However, regardless of intentions, the Emancipation Proclamation signaled a shift in the purpose of the Civil War. The war was no longer simply about preserving the state of the union, the war was more or less about ending slavery. The Emancipation Proclamation was not a well-received action. It was a strange political maneuver and even most of Lincoln’s cabinet was hesitant to believe that it would be effective. The reason that the Emancipation Proclamation is such a curious document is because it was passed as under the President’s war-time powers.
Normally, the American Presidency has very little power of decree. Lawmaking and legislative control belongs to Congress. The President does have the ability to issue what is known as an executive order. Executive orders have the full backing and force of a law, but for the most part they are subject to control from Congress. The president himself has very little power outside of what Congress allows, except in wartime. As the commander-in-chief, the president has the ability to use wartime powers to enforce special laws. The Emancipation Proclamation was one of those laws that Lincoln had used his military powers to enforce.
Originally, Lincoln believed in the progressive elimination of slavery in all states. He believed that it was primarily up to the states to oversee the progressive abolition of slavery in their own individual power. Regardless of his political position on the matter, however, Lincoln had always believed that slavery was wrong. The Emancipation Proclamation served more as a military maneuver than a political maneuver. At the same time, this action cemented Lincoln as being a staunchly aggressive abolitionist and would ensure that slavery would eventually be removed from the entire United States.
One major political effect that the Emancipation Proclamation had was the fact that it invited slaves to serve in the Union Army. Such an action was a brilliant strategic choice. The decision to pass a law that told all slaves from the South that they were free and encouraging them to take up arms to join in the fight against their former masters was the brilliant tactical maneuver. Ultimately with those permissions, many freed slaves joined the Northern Army, drastically increasing their manpower. The North by the end of the war had over 200,000 African-Americans fighting for them.
The South was more or less in a state of turmoil after such an announcement. The proclamation had actually been publicized three times, the first time as a threat, the second time as a more formal announcement and then the third time as the signing of the Proclamation. When the Confederates heard the news, they were in a state of severe disrepair. One of them primary issues was that as the North advanced into territories and seized control of Southern land, they would often capture slaves. These slaves were simply restricted as contraband, not returned to their owners – the South.
When the Emancipation Proclamation was announced, all current contraband, i.e. the slaves, were freed at the stroke of midnight. There was no offer of compensation, payment, or even a fair trade to the slave-owners. These slave-holders were suddenly deprived of what they believe to be property. Combined with the sudden loss of a large number of slaves, and influx of troops that would provide the North with additional firepower, the South found itself in a very tough position. Slaves were now able to escape from the South and as soon as they made it into the North, they would be free.
Yet as important as the Emancipation Proclamation was to America’s history, its actual impact on slavery was minimal at best. If nothing more, it was a way to solidify the president’s position as an abolitionist and to ensure the fact that slavery would be ended. Slavery wasn’t officially ended in the United States of America until the 13 th Amendment was passed, in 1865.
One of the issues with the Emancipation Proclamation was that it was passed as a wartime measure. As stated before, in the United States, laws are not passed through the president, they are passed by Congress. This left the actual freedom status of the slaves up in the air. If the North were to win the war, the Emancipation Proclamation would not continue to be a constitutionally legal document. It would need to be ratified by the government in order to stay in effect.
The purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation has been muddled over the course of history. The basic line of though is that it freed the slaves. That is only partially correct, it merely freed the slaves in the South, something that wasn’t particularly enforceable due to the fact South was in a state of rebellion. What it did do however was ensure that if the North won, the South would be forced to free all of their slaves. Ultimately that would lead to the freedom of 3.1 million slaves. However, most of those slaves were not free until after the war had concluded.
Latest US History Articles
Who Invented the Assembly Line? Henry Ford and the History of the Assembly Line
Who Invented the Cotton Gin? Eli Whitney and Cotton Gin Impact on America
The Most Famous Outlaws of the Wild West: Jesse James to Robert Leroy Parker
The Emancipation Proclamation was criticized on all sides of the political spectrum. The proslavery movement believed that it was wrong and immoral for the president to inflict such a thing, but their hands were tied due to the fact that they wanted the Union to be preserved. The North had originally tried to use the Emancipation Proclamation as a threat to the South.
The terms were simple, return to the Union or face the dire consequences of having all slaves freed. When the South refused to return, the North decided to unleash the document. This left Lincoln’s political opponents in a bind because they didn’t want to lose their slaves, but at the same time it would be a disaster if United States were to divide up into two different nations.
There was a lot of flak in the abolitionist movement as well. Many of the abolitionists believed that it wasn’t a sufficient document because it did not totally eradicate slavery and in fact was barely enforceable in the states that it did authorize such release. Since the South was in a state of war, there wasn’t much impetus for them to comply with the order.
Lincoln was criticized by many different factions, and even among historians there is a question as to what his motives were in his decisions. But it is important to remember that the success of the Emancipation Proclamation hinged on the victory of the North. If the North was successful and was able to seize control of the Union once again, reunifying all the states and putting the South out of its state of rebellion, it would have freed all of their slaves.
There was no going back from this decision. The rest of America would be forced to follow suit. This meant that Abraham Lincoln was well aware of the ramifications of his actions. He knew that the Emancipation Proclamation was not a permanent, final solution to the problem of slavery but rather it was a powerful opening salvo to an entirely new type of war.
This changed the purpose of the Civil War as well. Prior to the Emancipation Proclamation, the North was engaged in military action against the South due to the fact of the South was trying to secede from the Union. Originally, the war as seen by the North, was a war to preserve the unity of America. The South was trying to secede because of a myriad of reasons. There are a lot of simplistic reasons offered for why the North and the South were divided.
The most common reason stated is that the South wanted to have slavery and Lincoln was purely a staunch abolitionist. Another theory was that the Civil War was started because the South wanted a greater level of states’ rights, whereas the current Republican Party was pushing for a more unified type of government. The reality is that the motivations of the South’s secession is a mixed bag. It was most likely a collection of all the above ideas. To say there was a single reason for the Civil War is a massive underestimation of how politics works.
Regardless of the South’s purpose for leaving the union, when the North made the decision to free the slaves, it became very clear that this would become an abolitionist war. The South relied heavily on their slaves in order to survive. Their economics were based primarily on a slave economy, as opposed to the North which had been developing a primarily industrial economy.
The North with higher level of education, weaponry, and production capability did not rely on slaves as much because abolition had become more prevalent. As the abolitionists continued to chip at and reduce the right to own slaves, the South began to feel threatened and as such made the decision to break away in order to preserve their own economic strength.
This is where the question of Lincoln’s intentions has come into play across history. Lincoln was an abolitionist, of that there can be no doubt. Yet his intentions were to allow states to progressively disengage slavery on their own terms. He was greatly trying to encourage each state to abolish slavery, attempting his best to offer compensation to the slave-owners in the hopes that eventually they would free their slaves. He believed in a slow, progressive reduction in slavery.
This was primarily, in some opinions, a political decision. Freeing the slaves in one fell swoop would have caused massive political upheaval and probably would’ve caused a few more states to join the South. So rather, as America progressed, there were a series of laws and rules passed to slow down the strength of slavery. Lincoln, in fact, advocated for those kinds of laws. He believed in the slow reduction of slavery, not immediate abolition.
This is why his intentions are called into question with the existence of the Emancipation Proclamation. The man’s approach to the Emancipation Proclamation was primarily designed to destroy the southern economy, not to free the slaves. Still, at the same time, there was no going back from this action, as said before. When Lincoln made the decision to free the slaves in the South, he was making the decision to free all of the slaves eventually. This was recognized as such and so the Civil War became a war about slavery.
Explore More US History Articles
The Wilmot Proviso: Definition, Date, and Purpose
Free Speech: The History of our First Amendment Right
Battle of the Coral Sea
Roe v. Wade: A Decision for the Decades
The XYZ Affair: Diplomatic Intrigue and a Quasi-War with France
By Any Means Necessary: Malcolm X’s Controversial Struggle for Black Freedom
Regardless of what Lincoln’s intentions were, it is unmistakable to see the widespread effects of the Emancipation Proclamation. Little by little, inch by inch, slavery was overcome and this is thankfully because of Lincoln’s decision to make such a bold action. Make no mistake, this was not a simple political maneuver in order to gain popularity. If anything, this would signal the destruction of Lincoln’s party if he failed in securing the Union. Even if he had prevailed and held control of the union, it very well still could have signaled his party’s destruction.
But he chose to put everything on the line and made the decision to free the people from the bonds of slavery. Shortly thereafter, when the war had ended, the 13 th amendment passed and all slaves in the United States were free. Slavery was declared to be abolished forever. This was passed under Lincoln’s administration and most likely would never have existed without his bravery and courage and stepping up to sign the Emancipation Proclamation.
READ MORE :
The Three-Fifths Compromise
Booker T. Washington
10 Facts About The Emancipation Proclamation: http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/emancipation-150/10-facts.html
The Emancipation of Abe Lincoln: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/01/opinion/the-emancipation-of-abe-lincoln.html
A Pragmatic Proclamation: http://www.npr.org/2012/03/14/148520024/emancipating-lincoln-a-pragmatic-proclamation
How to Cite this Article
There are three different ways you can cite this article.
1. To cite this article in an academic-style article or paper , use:
<a href=" https://historycooperative.org/effects-emancipation-proclamation/ ">Emancipation Proclamation: Effects, Impacts, and Outcomes</a>
2 thoughts on “Emancipation Proclamation: Effects, Impacts, and Outcomes”
Your baby needs you. It’s the fight for their live, not Planned Parenthood’s life. Just look at those advertisements and stop and think for a second. They say “this is the fight of our life?” It’s an organization whose primary purpose is to end unborn life. People have their reasons for doing things, but make no mistake, PP is a business who profits on doing it. Withhold your money and speak against that group.
From the article: “The basic line of though is that it freed the slaves.”. Probably should be: “basic line of thought..”
Leave a Comment Cancel reply
Home — Essay Samples — History — History of the United States — Emancipation Proclamation
Essays on Emancipation Proclamation
Contemporary relevance and reflections on juneteenth, abraham lincoln: the emancipation proclamation, made-to-order essay as fast as you need it.
Each essay is customized to cater to your unique preferences
+ experts online
The Emancipation Proclamation
Analysis of how the lives of african americans changed following the emancipation proclamation, a discussion on the significance of the emancipation proclamation, martin luther king's speech: 'i have a dream', let us write you an essay from scratch.
- 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help
- Custom essay delivered in as few as 3 hours
President Abraham Lincoln and Emancipation
The end of slavery through the emancipation proclamation under the leadership of abraham lincoln, emancipation proclamation: the freedom of all men in the united states, european nations’ reaction to the emancipation, get a personalized essay in under 3 hours.
Expert-written essays crafted with your exact needs in mind
Abraham Lincoln and The Emancipation Proclamation
The bondage that did not fall: the era of reconstruction.
January 1, 1863
Emancipation Proclamation or Proclamation 95, was an edict issued by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862, during the Civil War. With the purpose to freed the slaves of the Confederate states in rebellion against the Union.
The Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation, it had little actual effect on freeing any of the nation’s enslaved people, and in result, it fundamentally transformed the character of the war. Also, it accepted of black men into the Union Army and Navy, and by the end of the war, almost 200,000 black soldiers had fought for the Union and freedom.
- Manifest Destiny
- Industrial Revolution
- Westward Expansion
- Florence Kelley
- Salem Witch Trials
- Harlem Renaissance
- Benjamin Franklin
- Patrick Henry
- Great Depression
No need to pay just yet!
- Instructions Followed To The Letter
- Deadlines Met At Every Stage
- Unique And Plagiarism Free
What ended slavery throughout the united states? answer a. the emancipation proclamation b. the fourteenth amendment c. the surrender at appomattox d. the thirteenth amendment
📚 Related Questions
- ________ is the capital of the byzantine empire. a. rome b. constantinople c. kiev d. balkan peninsula
The first inhabitants to establish villages along the pacific coast in south america were?
When dealing with inequalities, and you're on a number line, what's the difference between a close and open dot?
How did ferdinand and isabella unify spain??
Details : How did ferdinand and isabella unify spain??
God appeared to moses in the
Controls giving to one branch of government to limit power of another branch are known as
Who founded the colony of rhode island?
what would you grade the funtions of government
Details : what would you grade the funtions of government
what does our bald eagle stands
How did the british government react to those who protests in proclamation of 1763?
What are important events in the Renaissance?
Why was literacy a prime concern in Massachusetts bay colony
The answer is "so people could read the Bible and protect themselves from sin"
Details : Why was literacy a prime concern in Massachusetts bay colony
why did Machiavelli write "the prince"
the expansion of which industry helped to expand industrialization throughout the united states
What caused European and Chinese immigrants to migrate to the United States in the late nineteenth century?
what is the seven year's war of 1763 and what happened after it?
Details : what is the seven year's war of 1763 and what happened after it?
Why did the United States want to annex Hawaii
Who made the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan
two-paragraph essay explaining why it might have taken many years to travel from the land bridge in upper North America to the southern tip of South America. As you plan your essay, consider the following: •Means of transportation •Distances traveled •Nature of the terrain HELP ME PLEASE!!!
How is Athenian democracy different from modern American democracy?
Athens: Only men who owned land were allowed to vote.
U.S: all people over the age of 18 are allowed to vote.
Details : How is Athenian democracy different from modern American democracy?
what did Isaac Newton contribute to the scientific revolution
Humanitarian organizations help by providing a medical attention to people who need help. b All of the above c aid to victims of a disaster. d aid to refugees who have fled their homes.
What worldview did most europeans hold on to in the 16th century ?
why did the chinese rebuild the graet wall in 1800s
Details : why did the chinese rebuild the graet wall in 1800s
Check my answers 3: C 4: A 5: D (10points)
When did MLK Jr. deliver his famous "I Have A Dream" speech?
Which amendment prevents excessive bail or fines, as well as cruel and unusual punishments to the individual?
describes women's suffrage for much of the first century of the United States' history?
Details : describes women's suffrage for much of the first century of the United
What is an imperialist policy?
in what ways did populist and progressives differ?
- What does the abbreviation gps mean?
- What are the three types of eating disorders? a. anorexia, binge-eating, chronic nervosa b. anorexia, binge-eating, starvation c. anorexia, bulimia, starvation d. anorexia, bulimia, binge-eating
- In which sentence is race used as a noun? a. tom won the race. b. tom will race with four other boys. c. if you race across town, you'll be on time. d. don't race the motor when you're starting the c
- If 12 is 10 percent of the value what is the value
- Why is a circulatory system important to the needs of all cells throughout an animals body
- Your _____ is how you feel about yourself; your feelings of self-worth, self-acceptance, and self-respect. (2pts) self-esteem self-seeking self-promotion self-centeredness self-aggrandizement none of the above
- Who is the author of frankenstein?
- What is the structure of the sentence? alexa lost a bright green folder that contains sheets of blank paper. a. compound b. simple c. compound-complex d. complex
- What is the definition of charade?
- What is a representative democracy??
- Why are nutrients essential
- What is the difference between fine art and applied art?What does it mean to know a work of art?
- What does subsistence mean?
- What does breadth means??
- What are the two most common forms of direct primaries?
- In his breeding experiments, mendel first crossed true-breeding plants to produce a second generation, which were then allowed to self-pollinate to generate the offspring. how do we name these three generations?
- In certain plants, tall is dominant to short. if a heterozygous plant is crossed with a homozygous tall plant, what is the probability that the offspring will be short?
- The idea that the same ethical standards are applied to everyone is:
- The following structures are found in all eukaryotic cells except cell walls. the nucleus. plasma membranes. golgi bodies. the endoplasmic reticulum.
Free Legal Dictionary App
Most comprehensive library of legal defined terms on your mobile device
- NCAA Division II Teams
- Composite Schedule
- Recruiting Questionnaire
- Bearcat Club
- Bearcat Broadcasting Network
- Summer Camps
- Force Majeure
- Intellectual Property Ownership
- Mutual Indemnification
- Mutual Non Disparagement
- Non Circumvention
- Non Compete
- Non Solicitation
These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the way our site performs. They help us figure out which pages are the most and least popular, and see how visitors navigate our site. If you do not allow these cookies, we will not know when you have visited our site, and we will not be able to monitor its performance.