100 IB Extended Essay Topic Ideas!

extended essay topics social science

One of the biggest keys to the Extended Essay is choosing which subject you want to write your work in and developing that crucial research question. Read on to find inspiration for topics across a wide range of subjects.

Extended Essay: The Love/Hate aspect of the IB

One of the biggest keys to the Extended Essay is choosing which subject you want to write your work in and developing that crucial research question. Annoyingly, coming up with that idea and research question can be the toughest part of the entire process. Writing 4,000 words about something you are interested in is a big ask and it often feels impossible to narrow down your thoughts. To make everything super clear, here are 100 Extended Essay Topics for you to draw inspiration from! Use these as a springboard to create your own research question !

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How to Begin Your IB Extended Essay

To make everything super clear, here are 100 Extended Essay Topics for you to draw inspiration from! Use these as a springboard to  create your own research question !

Get Support from a Top Tutor Today

At Lanterna, we have over 300 tutors who smashed their Extended Essay. They know exactly how to get an A in your EE and can give you tips and tricks on how you can do the same. What are you waiting for? Get your own tutor today!

10 Steps to Writing an Extended Essay

Before we look at specific topics for your essay, let’s recap the 10-steps you’ll need to follow to complete your extended essay.

1. Define the Topic and Draft the Research Question

2. Create a Timeline

3. Identify and gather Sources

4. Set Deadlines

5. Plan the structure according to the total word count

6. Evaluate

7. independent Research

8. Write the extended essay draft

10. Present

By following the steps above, you should be able to produce a logical and coherent rationale to follow when writing the extended essay for your IB diploma programme.

By starting with a solid research question, you’ll be able to put an extended essay of global significance together, from the research and writing process all the way through to your final submission with a favourable extended essay grade.

Below, we’re sharing 10 topics across 10 subjects to inspire your next IB extended essay.

1. How the change of habitat affects an X organism?

2. How does climate affect the growth of X plant?

3. Can photosynthesis take place without sunlight?

4. What is the effect of age and gender on the photoreceptor cells in the human retina?

5. How is climate change impacting the appearance of coral reefs?

6. An evaluation of how  antioxidants  work in our bodies?

7. Does hand sanitizer, hand soap or antibacterial wipes have the greatest ability to inhibit the growth of E. Coli?

8. To what extent do live cultures in yogurts/milk/other dairy products reduce the concentration of lactose present over the course of a 2 hour incubation period at x°C?

9. What is the relationship between  population density  between X and population size of X?

10. What is the relationship between indoleacetic acid, a growth hormone, and the growth of X (a crop)?

11. How does human influence impact an aquatic ecosystem?

12. How can one organize a pollution check along a X canal in X?

13. What is the effect of the increased ecological footprint in the  Amazon ?

14. What are the forest and woodland restoration in Siberia, Russia and which one is most effective?

15. How does human interference cause ecological imbalances in an X city/country/continent?

16. What is the impact of urban development on the  bee population  in X city?

17. What are the differences in the conversation efforts in Yosemite National Park (California, USA) and the Lake District National Park (UK)?

18. To what extent have healthcare policies in X country influenced their human population curve?

19. How have changes in environmental systems influenced the value system of X country?

20. How has X landfill site affected the surrounding terrestrial ecosystem?

21. What is the profitability of  airline companies ?

22. How does unemployment affect the market?

23. Why did X recession occur?

24. How did the financial Policy affect the economy in X?

25. How effective are government policies in reducing overconsumption of alcohol (specifically hard liquor)?

26. To what extent are public buses and subways substitute goods in a country?

27. How did the tax reform in country x affect its growth and development? (many countries to choose from)

28. To what extent was weak government policy responsible for the Latin American financial crisis of 1997?

29. How effective is the  Big Mac Index  in measuring purchasing power parity?

30. To what extent would the UK suffer from leaving the European Customs Union if Brexit happens?

31. Is there an association between viewing violence on television and the display of violent acts?

32. What motivational climate should a coach employ in order to achieve optimal performance in athletes?

33. How does  X hormone affect human behavior ?

34. Compare theories explaining altruism in human behaviour

35. Discuss short-term and long-term consequences of exposure to violence

36. Why do relationships change or end?

37. Discuss how  social variables (poverty, parenting, educational environment) may the affect cognitive environment.

38. To what extent do mirror neurons play a role in empathy? (2014)

39. To what extent does Mindfulness help people cope with General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)?

40. To what extent is drug therapy effective in the treatment of bipolar disorder?

41. Does the British Parliamentary reforms act of 1832 deserve its title as the great reform act?

42. To what extent are there similarities in Hitler and Mussolini’s Rise to Power?

43. To what extent did Mao’s tackle the problems which he faced?

44. Was Tsar Alexander II of Russia reforms a success or failure?

45. To what extent was the bombing of Dresden in 1945 justifiable?

46. To what extent can  Sweden be considered neutral during WWII ?

47. The impact of structural economic weakness on the collapse of the Soviet Union.

48. How were women treated differently in 1920s and 1950s Great Britain?

49. Why did Israel win the  Six Day War  of 1967?

50. What role did economics play in the unification of Germany from 1834 to 1871?

English Literature

51. What are the Compare and Contrast Jane Austen Books?

52. How does Joseph Conrad’s portray Racism in A Heart of Darkness?

53. How does Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman critique today’s capitalist society? The American Dream?

54. To what extent does Chris McCandless in Jon Krakauer’s Into the Wild escape familial influence?

55. What are the similarities and differences between J.K. Rowling’s characterization of Severus Snape in Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows?

56. How does Yaa Gyasi use structure in her novel Homegoing to portray the evolution of time?

57. What is the impact of the social context on Holden Caufield and Huckleberry Finn?

58. How does Sylvia Path’s use of Inanimate objects in Bell Jar?

59. How is the empowerment of Feminine portrayed in the Lord of the Rings?

60. Compare the political rhetoric as used in the inaugural addresses of George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump.

61. The design, construction and calibration of an apparatus for measuring lipid concentration in milk.

62. What is the effect of a change in the optimal lift on the horizontal gliding distance of an aircraft?

63. How does the sugar concentration affect the refractive index of water?

64. How does temperature affect the viscosity of X juice/soda?

65. Is the relationship between temperature and conductivity and insulators and conductors?

66. What is the Oberth Effect?

67. What is the temperature dependence of work performed on an AA battery?

68. How can the rotational frequency of a fan driven by a flame measure distance?

69. Do wine bottles of different shapes behave as Helmholtz resonators?

70. How does the diameter of a wheel affect stability in different weather conditions?

71. What factors influence the location of industries in country/city X?

72. An investigation into the significance of preserving the quality of water in a continent/country/city?

73. An investigation into the degree to which City X can be considered a Sustainable City/Community.

74. To what extent is Biodiversity being managed successfully in city X?

75. To what extent does the education and employment of women affect Country x’s fertility rate?

76. To what extent do gender, educational attainment, and working parameters influence obesity risk?

77. To what extent has urban development affected human thermal comfort levels in Country/city x (a country/city that has developed in a rapid rate over the past decades)?

78. To what extent is the Company x corporate waste management program effective, demonstrating environmental sustainability?

79. To what extent is biodiversity being managed successfully at National Park X?

80. What types of urban design encourage high rates of vandalism in X neighbourhoods?

81. The kinetics of Enzymatic Reactions.

82. How do Iron Intake Diets differ in X country?

83. What are the different factors that affect the iodine values in cooking oils?

84. What is the effect of standing time and temperate on the acid content in X juice or soda?

85. Can caffeine in tea or coffee be reduced?

86. What is the effect of temperature on the souring of milk?

87. What are the sources of error in calorimetry?

88. Does brushing your teeth affect the pH in your mouth after eating?

89. How does changing the concentration of the reagents affect the formation and spacing between Liesehang rings in the reaction between X chloride and X when conducted in a test tube?

90. What effect does the coating of aspirin tablets have on the hydrolysis of aspirin?

Social and Cultural Anthropology

91. How clothing relates to the cultural anthropology of X culture.

92. The extent to which social media networks affect different societies.

93. The relationship between ritual, myths and faith in an X society.

94. The history of rituals in X culture.

95. How different marriage rituals inform the cultural anthropology of X culture.

96. Climate change and its impact on the evolution of different creatures on the planet.

97. Understanding the social and cultural anthropology of the supernatural in X culture.

98. An analysis of body modification in relation to social and cultural anthropology.

100. Chaste systems and social ranks in societies.

There are so many class subjects that can form the basis of your extended essay, including these popular six subjects:

– Information technology

– Computer science

– Health science

– World studies

– Visual arts

– Business management

Extended essays are a great way to improve your writing skills in academic writing. Essays of a high standard that demonstrate critical thinking and in depth analysis can be submitted to academic journals. These have the potential to reach the global society.

Start Writing Your Extended Essay Topic

We hope this gave you some great inspiration for the variation of topics available for your Extended Essay . The research question you select is what will carry you through the entire process, so be sure to choose wisely!

Remember, if you are looking for more help with your Extended Essay, make sure to check out our guide which will tell you exactly how to plan, structure, research and write your Extended Essay!

Grab Free Extended Essay Resources!

No matter the subject groups in your diploma program, we’re here to help all of our IB students. Whether you’re writing about social and cultural anthropology, business management, design technology, or scientific methods for your IB diploma, Lanterna has you covered.

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123 Social Science Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

🏆 best social science topic ideas & essay examples, 👍 good essay topics on social science, 📑 interesting topics to write about social science, 🥇 simple & easy social science essay titles, ❓ essay questions about social science, 💯 free social science essay topic generator.

  • Graphic Design: Fine Arts or Social Science? As it has been argued before, graphic design is a form of communication between people, and one has to understand the rules governing the process of communication in order to be a good designers.
  • Analysis of Michael Foucault’s ideas and methods in social sciences Michael addressed the struggle of individuals in the society and the existing institutions of power, giving an in depth analysis of the Marxist capitalist theory.
  • Social Science Theorist: Karl Marx According to Marx there are two major classes of people in a society; the ruling class and the subjects. Marx also used capitalism to define and study history and he concluded that all social conflicts […]
  • Social Science Theory and How it relates to Social Phenomena It is therefore in the light of this that the topic of gender and mass media must be examined in detail to determine that it is of social importance to individuals, communities and society.
  • Paradigms in Social Science A business only approach to the study of the viability of the oil pipeline will provide no insight to the extent of the social and economic cost of the proposed project.
  • Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences In order to assist the parents to become aware of the effectiveness of their partnering in education, teachers should involve dialogue with the parents early enough to discuss about the parents’ hopes and aspirations for […]
  • “Citing data sources in the social sciences: Do authors do it?” by Hailey Mooney It is possible to note that the author addresses rather a narrow field which is one of the most important features of a successful research.
  • Social Science and Elementary Teaching Methods Holmes and Holmes postulate that teachers, “face the responsibilities and pressures of the accountability movement where the lessons they plan must continue the momentum of the curriculum required by the state, district, school and classroom […]
  • Concept and Theories of Sociology as a Social Science Sociological imagination is a critical field of criminology concerned with the relationship that exists between the beliefs of the society and the life as experienced in the society.
  • Social Science Research Activities The research can publish the results of the scientific method. The researcher can publish the results of the scientific method on the data analysis and interpretation experiment.
  • The Power in Social Science He points out that the power-play going on in this kind of situation is based on the power to mobilize players and an assessment of the strength of all supporters in the agenda setting process.
  • Survey and Interview Methods in Social Sciences In interviews, the respondent provides the primary data for the study and the views of the researcher are not important as most of the information comes from the respondent.
  • Inductive and Deductive Approach in Social Science Therefore, the main difference between the inductive and deductive approaches consists in the way of expression of the arguments. In this example, the conclusions are based on the personal experience and moves from the particular […]
  • Language and Time in the Social Sciences This is perhaps the reason why at the end, critics of time like Jose Luis Borges were forced to accept that time is real and that time is needed by all especially when it comes […]
  • International Relations as Natural and Social Science This is because, even though that, during the course of recent decades, the operational principles of IR did undergo a rather drastic transformation, the innermost essence of how different countries relate to each other on […]
  • Max Weber: Natural and Social Sciences According to Honigsheim, the concept explains that the differences between natural and social science lies in the intentions of the researcher as opposed to inapplicability of empirical principles of research.
  • Instagram as Tool for Social Science Research Another benefit of Instagram as a research tool is the ease in access to vast amounts of information. We decided to search for the information on a particular hash tag on Instagram.
  • Social Science Theory and Methodology The question chosen for analysis is “How do violent video games affect family members’ perceptions of teenagers?”This question will be particularly important to society because it might provide an explanation for increased separation of the […]
  • Erich Fromm’s Contributions to Social Sciences In particular, this notion can be described as the ability to reject conventions or restrictions. In contrast, other forms of orientation can profoundly impair the cognitive and ethical development of a person.
  • Social Science: Objectivity and Values The main question discussed in this work centers on the query of whether values undermine the objectivity of research. To what extent can values intrude with the objectivity of research?
  • Inquiry-Based Learning in Social Science Classrooms In this way, students are prepared to deal with the presented information in a critical way by supplying the rationale for their conclusions and comprehending the basics of scientific inquiry.
  • Cultural Standards in 9-12th Grade Social Science Curriculum The research has been guided by the critical race theory, whereby the subject of the research has been investigated and subsequently categorized. In considering the subject of the research, the interactive aspects of education has […]
  • Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Exercise In this exercise, multiple regression analysis is carried out to investigate the impact of different factors including Usefulness, Male-Dominated Field, Tutor Attitudes, Confidence, and Age that are considered as the independent variables affecting the Self-Efficacy […]
  • Social Sciences as a Career Field With the help of social science, I can conduct research and come up with a logical finding. With the knowledge I have in social science, I can research our political system and patterns of leadership.
  • Power Definition in Social Sciences In this connection, it may be assumed that constructionism partially addresses and accounts for the impacts or rather the influence of power on the society.
  • Social Science Literature in the 3rd and 5th Grades The author of the book is clever enough to provide the information that the students need to draw their conclusions about the French and the English language, the similarities, and differences between them, and at […]
  • The Ethical Lessons of Social Sciences Ethical conduct, both within the company and outside of it, is essential to this process, as it is easier to ruin the company’s standing with a scandal than to rebuild its relationships.
  • The Media Violence Debate and the Risks It Holds for Social Science On the other hand, research on the matter is inconclusive showing that the correlation between violence and aggression varies from null to weak.
  • Ageing in the UK. Research Methods for Social Sciences Fully a third of the nation’s population will be 60 years of age or older, over one-fourth will be at least 65 and one in nine 80+ years in age.
  • Social Science as the Area of Scientific and Academic Awareness The difference between natural and social science arises primarily due to the cognitive nature of the scientists instead of the inapplicable nature of the generalization methods used in science in relation to human actions.
  • A Social Science Study of “The Namesake” The movie depicts a kaleidoscope of diversity differences, and how they may pose to be a stumbling block in promoting the welfare of the client; one notable client is Gogol.
  • Social Sciences: Development in Adolescent Years The discussions about the universality of adolescence are generated at times from the studies of remnant documentation in the hominid line as well as on the similarities of human beings and non-human primates like chimpanzees.
  • Professional Endeavour in the Social Sciences: Medical IT System This study seeks to critically analyse the current state of knowledge in the field of Defence medical Information system, as a unique profession, which I have been a part of, for the past ten years.
  • Standards for Reporting on Empirical Social Science It involved the documentary evidence of the employees’ and leaders’ contributions, the meetings’ time, and focus groups and interviews by the end of the training assessment.
  • Qualitative Research in Health and Social Science Literature The reviewed study authors claim that their objective is “to obtain a snap-shot profile of the state of the qualitative literature research in health and social science”.
  • HIV From a Social Sciences Perspective In the US, the disease was initially associated with gays only but in the recent past, it is has been claiming many lives in the country and other parts of the world. The first social […]
  • Research Methods in Social Sciences The strategic random sampling method enhances the holistic representation of all demographic and social aspects of a population in the area of study.
  • Criminology as a Social Science In addition, as McClanahan and South note, the study of crime as a general phenomenon, the causes of crime, the personality of the offender, and crime prevention measures fall within the scope of sociology.
  • Agency vs. Stratification in Social Sciences The question of free will has been central to philosophy for thousands of years, and yet, the clash between free will and determinism has not been resolved to this day.
  • Sociology: Campaign for Social Sciences One of the sources, which contains comprehensive information regarding these initiatives, is the website of the Campaign for Social Sciences, and it is invaluable for conducting research in this respect.
  • Ethics in Social Science Study by Laud Humphreys The discussion’s basis is the dilemma between the need for free research and the need to respect the rights of the study participants.
  • Strategies of Social Science Research As a method of investigation, ethnography is deeply reliant on subject observation, with the researcher being present in the context or with the study respondents, albeit in a trivial role, and making efforts to document […]
  • Organizational Behavior: Social Science Types of Culture and Power as a Property Viewpoint: Power culture Role culture Task culture Person culture
  • Natural, Applied, and Social Sciences Implementation In conclusion, despite the differing purposes, the transgender issue in U.S.society is one of the most perspective fields of study in natural and applied sciences.
  • Social Sciences: Car Safety Being Made for Men Moreover, women are much more likely to get serious injuries incompatible with life Also, in the same conditions, a representative of the fair sex has an average chance of dying in an accident by 20% […]
  • Academic Research in Social Sciences After this phase of research is the selection of a methodology in terms of not philosophy but practical relevance and feasibility.
  • Ethical Issues in Social Sciences, Humanities, Law and Theology The purpose of this report is to study the topics of research ethics, their principles, and those ethical responsibilities that researchers have both to the participants in the experiment and society as a whole.
  • Quantitative Data in Social Sciences At the early stages of the statistical analysis, the research was focused on defining the values of the independent variable of religious affiliation and the dependent variable of one’s sexuality.
  • Ethical Barriers in Social Science Research It is coupled with the problem of the extreme patriarchal nature of society in Ghana. To fulfill the requirements of ethical standards, researchers needed to confirm confidentiality and approve the study in healthcare services.
  • Practical Value of Social Sciences Social sciences are usually juxtaposed and compared with natural sciences in their practical applicability, and the former almost certainly lose as a result of such contrasting.
  • Applying Social Sciences to Address Core Problems To manage the concerns of the town of Nowhereboro in the scenario under analysis, one must investigate its socioeconomic and sociopolitical concerns from the standpoint of the disciplines of sociology, geography, political science, economics, and […]
  • Discussion: Economics as a Social Science Economics proficiently utilizes scientific theories and constructs to justify the relationship between human behavioral patterns and the progressive ownership of property.
  • Social Sciences: The “Culture of Smartness” Involvement in the network of ideologies created as a result of the interaction of many institutions, processes, and American culture in general, is a key criterion of smartness.
  • Anti-Semitism and Progressive Era Social Science: The Case of John R. Commons
  • Conducting Health-Related Social Science Research in Low-Income Settings
  • Identifying Economics’ Place Amongst Academic Disciplines: A Science or a Social Science
  • High-Ranked Social Science Journal Articles Can Be Identified From Early Citation Information
  • Evaluating Social Science and Humanities Knowledge Production
  • Why We Need Arts, Humanities, and Social Science Graduates?
  • Analytical Sociology and Computational Social Science
  • Employment Status and Job-Studies Relevance of Social Science Graduates
  • Types and Mechanisms of Collaboration Between Science, Social Science, and Local Knowledge
  • Conversion and Departure Between Science and Social Science
  • Citizen Social Science for More Integrative and Effective Climate Action
  • Humanizing Big Data: Marketing at the Meeting of Data, Social Science, and Consumer Insight
  • Elementary Quantum Mechanical Principles and Social Science: Is There a Connection?
  • From Individual Scientific Visibility to Collective Competencies: The Example of an Academic Department in Social Science
  • Asian Social Science, Canadian Center of Science and Education
  • Context, Social Construction, and Statistics: Regression, Social Science, and Human Geography
  • Corrupt Research: The Case for Reconceptualizing Empirical Management and Social Science
  • Gendered Citation Patterns Across Political Science and Social Science Methodology Fields
  • Ben Fine Social Capital Versus Social Theory: Political Economy and Social Science at the Turn of the Millennium
  • Cumulative Inequality Theory and Social Science
  • Lewis Thomas’ Prescient 1983 Manifesto for the Humanity-Saving Value of Social Science
  • Darwinism and the Standard Social Science Model
  • Evolutionary Social Science and Universal Darwinism
  • Human Behavior Paradox and a Social Science Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
  • Epistemological, Methodological, and Socio-Cultural Constraints to Social Science
  • Agent Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science
  • Citizen Science Practices for Computational Social Science Research
  • Estimation and Inference Are Missing Data Problems: Unifying Social Science Statistics via Bayesian Simulation
  • Bibliometric and Altmetric Analysis of Three Social Science Disciplines
  • British Academy Report Highlights Best International Examples of Teaching Quantitative Skills in Social Science Degrees
  • Actors, Agendas, Arenas and Institutional Change Processes: A Social Science Approach to Sustainability
  • Development Studies and Cross-Disciplinarity: Research at the Social Science-Physical Science Interface
  • Fighting Science With Social Science: Activist Scholarship in an International Resistance Project
  • Correlation Between Sociology and Other Social Science Streams
  • Agent-Based Computational Models and Generative Social Science
  • Future-Proof Grads: New Study Pinpoints Arts, Humanities, and Social Science Graduates’ Skills
  • Methodological Issues on Agent-Based Models for Analytical Social Science
  • Cumulative Advantage and Disadvantage and the Life Course: Cross-Fertilizing Age and Social Science Theory
  • Beyond BMI: The Value of More Accurate Measures of Fatness and Obesity in Social Science Research
  • Health Policy and Healthy Populations: An Introduction to a Special Issue of the Social Science Quarterly
  • What Are the Distinctive Emphases and Approaches of a Multicultural Philosophy of Social Science?
  • How Are Social Science Fields Studied?
  • What Is the Role of Social Science in the ‘Urban Age’?
  • How Does Social Science Affect Education?
  • Can Social Science Help Us to Understand Society?
  • How Does Social Science Help in Improving Our Educational System?
  • What Is Social Science?
  • How Does Social Science Relate to Society?
  • Is Social Science Scientific?
  • Why Is Social Science Important in Schools?
  • What Are the Points of Conversion and Departure Between Science and Social Science?
  • How Can Social Science Theory Help Reduce Crime?
  • What Are the Benefits of Social Science Research?
  • Why Are Arts, Humanities, and Social Science Students Key to Our Future?
  • From Where Do the Modern Social Sciences in America Come?
  • What Do You Think Is the Most Important Aspect of Social Studies?
  • Why Should Social Science Be Taught in Schools?
  • What Is the Job of Social Science?
  • Why Is Social Science Important in Our Life?
  • How Did Social Science Change the World?
  • What Will Happen if There Is No Social Science?
  • How Do Social Studies Prepare Students for Life?
  • Why Is Social Science Important as a School Subject?
  • How Do the Applied Social Sciences Processes Affect Your Personal Life?
  • What Is the Most Important Discipline of Social Science?
  • Can Social Science Help Us to Better Understand Our Lives and the Lives of Others in Society?
  • What Are the Benefits of Learning Social Studies?
  • How Can Social Sciences Contribute to Solving Problems?
  • What Do the Social Sciences Have in Common?
  • How Does Applied Social Sciences Affect Your Community?
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101 Social Science Essay Topics

🏆 best essay topics on social science, 🎓 most interesting social science research titles, 💡 simple social science essay ideas, ❓ social science research questions.

  • Action Research and Its Types in Social Sciences To assess action research, one should describe different types of it and identify the differences between it and more conventional kinds of social science research.
  • What Is Meant By Social Science Paradigms? Social science paradigms can be defined as the frames and models according to which researchers can observe the world and make conclusions about the certain institutions.
  • Social Science Perspectives on the Autism Spectrum This report will discuss autism, its characteristics, causes, diagnosis, and management. Autism refers to developmental disorder that impedes a person’s ability to communicate and relate to people.
  • Interdisciplinary Approach in Social Science Through the interdisciplinary method of learning, students can recognize biases in processes, employ critical thinking, tolerate ambiguity.
  • Philosophy of Social Science and Education Research This paper will be aimed at examining various issues such as the concept of falsifiability and the use of various research paradigms.
  • Sociologists as Heroes of Social Sciences The paper presents short biographies of outstanding sociologists. The historical significance of their activities is rather difficult to overestimate.
  • Sampling Strategies for Social Sciences Study In simple random sampling techniques, each component of the population is given an equal opportunity or probability of being selected into the sample.
  • Natural & Social Science Grade 3 Classroom Library One of the professional tasks of a teacher is to compile a methodologically adequate list of literature-references, which can be organically incorporated into the learning process.

  • Rational Choice Theories in Social Sciences Rational choice theories (RCT) are examined in terms of the economic, political, criminal, and religious aspects, as well as the everyday application of RCT.
  • Social Sciences: A World Without Leadership This paper will analyze a world that is, in fact, void of leadership and affirm that leaders are the driving force behind every prosperous civilization.
  • Social Science and Sexuality: Aspects of Feminism The life of human beings on this Earth has always been a very complicated matter. This has been so due to some factors – natural, physical, psychological, and others.
  • Social Sciences and Organizational Behavior The contribution of psychology and sociology to the individual and group level of analysis of organizational behavior as applied science.
  • Theory and Methodology in Social Science Research It is vital to provide research on the methodology applied to work out mass media influence on perceptions of gender.
  • Social Sciences: Postdevelopment Literature and Theories The paper is on Post-development literature where the fundamentals of development are evaluated from the perspective of Rostow’s development theory and Wolfgang Sachs’ approach.
  • Application of Research in Social Sciences Reflection Paper The purpose of this reflective paper is to explore the roles of research and its relevant applications in the disciplines of social science.
  • Social Sciences: African American Stereotypes Dating back to the colonial years of settlement, stereotypes have been part of America, especially after inheriting slavery.
  • Social Sciences: Current Realities, and Future Trends Review aims at discussing whether the social sciences can help to evaluate the history, current realities, and future trends.
  • The Meaning and the Purpose of Social Science Social sciences are essential for exploring the relationships and interconnections of human beings, including the conditions that limit their lives.
  • Plastic Pollution Through the Lens of Social Sciences When analyzing the problem through the lens of social sciences, it becomes clear that the problem of plastic pollution is complicated.
  • The Problems and the Future of Social Sciences it is difficult to predict the future of social sciences, but I believe that the efficiency of political and economic scientists will depend on the mindset of elected leaders.
  • Advertisements in Terms of the Social Science The way male and female relationships are portrayed in some advertisements made me think and analyze how I see this interaction in real life.
  • Development of Meaning: Social Science Value The paper argues that social science is an instrumental lens through which the development of meaning occurs, and new ideas are created to address social ills and injustices.
  • Analyzing Tests and Scales in Social Science The paper at hand provides a brief review of the tests and scales applied to data measurement in social science.
  • Philosophy and Social Sciences The paper describes the theory of knowledge skepticism and considers the skeptic’s charge that we can never be confident about the reliability of our usual sources of knowledge.
  • Social Sciences: Religious Individualization Seneca does not object to slavery in and of itself, and there are several reasons for it. The author sees the reality as slavery.
  • Cultural Artifacts Through History and Social Science Lenses Cultural artifacts tell different stories based on the lens being viewed. This paper aims to explore the interaction between history and social science perspectives.
  • Art Therapy in Social Sciences Mood and emotional reactions to various art during therapy are crucial pointers to the psychological aspects of a person.
  • Ethics as a Social Science Field The paper aims to highlight some of the primary conceptualizations integrated into the study of morality, including natural law, human rights, ethics of care, and virtue ethics.
  • Theories of Aging in Social Sciences By studying sociological theories of aging, one can discover many important aspects of personality and society, taking into account each person’s many years of experience.
  • Course Social Sciences of Sport Soccer is a popular sport known to promote the sustainable existence of community members. Plays have a special place in human culture.
  • Sexual Health Through Natural and Social Sciences Lens The paper aims to analyze the issue from a scientific perspective and recognize the way it can help to address and resolve the sexual health and identity problem.
  • Saputo Inc. Cage Analysis: Humanities and Social Sciences The company may consider an additional expansion into Asia if there is a nation that can accommodate it and demand is sufficient.
  • Predicting the Replicability of Social Science Lab Experiments The quality of work is the most significant factor for any academic organization. A research process for any scientific project requires careful evaluation of information sources.
  • Humanities, Social Science, and Natural Sciences Humanities, social science, and natural sciences are major disciplines that deal with human beings and their culture.
  • The Definition of Social Sciences This paper explains the definition of social sciences. It is the study of human beings in a society that explains the choices they make and their consequences.
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TOP-5 Social Science Topics for Research Papers

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StudyCorgi. (2023, September 14). 101 Social Science Essay Topics. Retrieved from https://studycorgi.com/ideas/social-science-essay-topics/

StudyCorgi. (2023, September 14). 101 Social Science Essay Topics. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/social-science-essay-topics/

"101 Social Science Essay Topics." StudyCorgi , 14 Sept. 2023, studycorgi.com/ideas/social-science-essay-topics/.

1. StudyCorgi . "101 Social Science Essay Topics." September 14, 2023. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/social-science-essay-topics/.


StudyCorgi . "101 Social Science Essay Topics." September 14, 2023. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/social-science-essay-topics/.

StudyCorgi . 2023. "101 Social Science Essay Topics." September 14, 2023. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/social-science-essay-topics/.

StudyCorgi . (2023) '101 Social Science Essay Topics'. 14 September.

These essay examples and topics on Social Science were carefully selected by the StudyCorgi editorial team. They meet our highest standards in terms of grammar, punctuation, style, and fact accuracy. Please ensure you properly reference the materials if you’re using them to write your assignment.

The essay topic collection was published on June 5, 2022 . Last updated on September 14, 2023 .


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Sat / act prep online guides and tips, the complete ib extended essay guide: examples, topics, and ideas.

International Baccalaureate (IB)


IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay, but it doesn't have to be a source of stress! In this article, I'll get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources you need to get an A on it.

If you're reading this article, I'm going to assume you're an IB student getting ready to write your Extended Essay. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our introductory IB articles first, including our guide to what the IB program is and our full coverage of the IB curriculum .


2022 IB Exam Changes Due to COVID-19

Because of the ongoing COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, the IB has decided to extend the adaptations which were put in place for 2021 to 2022. May 2022 IB assessments will have two routes, exam and non-exam, depending on which your school chooses. Stay up to date with the latest information on what this means for IB diplomas, course credit for IB classes, and more with our our IB COVID-19 FAQ article .

IB Extended Essay: Why Should You Trust My Advice?

I myself am a recipient of an IB Diploma, and I happened to receive an A on my IB Extended Essay. Don't believe me? The proof is in the IBO pudding:


If you're confused by what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay , and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. In layman's terms, my IB Diploma was graded in May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and I received an A grade on it.

What Is the Extended Essay in the IB Diploma Programme?

The IB Extended Essay, or EE , is a mini-thesis you write under the supervision of an IB advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts toward your IB Diploma (learn more about the major IB Diploma requirements in our guide) . I will explain exactly how the EE affects your Diploma later in this article.

For the Extended Essay, you will choose a research question as a topic, conduct the research independently, then write an essay on your findings . The essay itself is a long one—although there's a cap of 4,000 words, most successful essays get very close to this limit.

Keep in mind that the IB requires this essay to be a "formal piece of academic writing," meaning you'll have to do outside research and cite additional sources.

The IB Extended Essay must include the following:

  • A title page
  • Contents page
  • Introduction
  • Body of the essay
  • References and bibliography

Additionally, your research topic must fall into one of the six approved DP categories , or IB subject groups, which are as follows:

  • Group 1: Studies in Language and Literature
  • Group 2: Language Acquisition
  • Group 3: Individuals and Societies
  • Group 4: Sciences
  • Group 5: Mathematics
  • Group 6: The Arts

Once you figure out your category and have identified a potential research topic, it's time to pick your advisor, who is normally an IB teacher at your school (though you can also find one online ). This person will help direct your research, and they'll conduct the reflection sessions you'll have to do as part of your Extended Essay.

As of 2018, the IB requires a "reflection process" as part of your EE supervision process. To fulfill this requirement, you have to meet at least three times with your supervisor in what the IB calls "reflection sessions." These meetings are not only mandatory but are also part of the formal assessment of the EE and your research methods.

According to the IB, the purpose of these meetings is to "provide an opportunity for students to reflect on their engagement with the research process." Basically, these meetings give your supervisor the opportunity to offer feedback, push you to think differently, and encourage you to evaluate your research process.

The final reflection session is called the viva voce, and it's a short 10- to 15-minute interview between you and your advisor. This happens at the very end of the EE process, and it's designed to help your advisor write their report, which factors into your EE grade.

Here are the topics covered in your viva voce :

  • A check on plagiarism and malpractice
  • Your reflection on your project's successes and difficulties
  • Your reflection on what you've learned during the EE process

Your completed Extended Essay, along with your supervisor's report, will then be sent to the IB to be graded. We'll cover the assessment criteria in just a moment.


What Should You Write About in Your IB Extended Essay?

You can technically write about anything, so long as it falls within one of the approved categories listed above.

It's best to choose a topic that matches one of the IB courses , (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.), which shouldn't be difficult because there are so many class subjects.

Here is a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay:

  • Biology: The Effect of Age and Gender on the Photoreceptor Cells in the Human Retina
  • Chemistry: How Does Reflux Time Affect the Yield and Purity of Ethyl Aminobenzoate (Benzocaine), and How Effective is Recrystallisation as a Purification Technique for This Compound?
  • English: An Exploration of Jane Austen's Use of the Outdoors in Emma
  • Geography: The Effect of Location on the Educational Attainment of Indigenous Secondary Students in Queensland, Australia
  • Math: Alhazen's Billiard Problem
  • Visual Arts: Can Luc Tuymans Be Classified as a Political Painter?

You can see from how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic . So how do you pick when the options are limitless?


How to Write a Stellar IB Extended Essay: 6 Essential Tips

Below are six key tips to keep in mind as you work on your Extended Essay for the IB DP. Follow these and you're sure to get an A!

#1: Write About Something You Enjoy

You can't expect to write a compelling essay if you're not a fan of the topic on which you're writing. For example, I just love British theatre and ended up writing my Extended Essay on a revolution in post-WWII British theatre. (Yes, I'm definitely a #TheatreNerd.)

I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to take the Extended Essay seriously. I was fortunate enough to receive a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC's School of Dramatic Arts program. In my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about my Extended Essay; thus, I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship.

But how do you find a topic you're passionate about? Start by thinking about which classes you enjoy the most and why . Do you like math classes because you like to solve problems? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze literary texts?

Keep in mind that there's no right or wrong answer when it comes to choosing your Extended Essay topic. You're not more likely to get high marks because you're writing about science, just like you're not doomed to failure because you've chosen to tackle the social sciences. The quality of what you produce—not the field you choose to research within—will determine your grade.

Once you've figured out your category, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper . What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending a few hours on this type of brainstorming.

One last note: if you're truly stumped on what to research, pick a topic that will help you in your future major or career . That way you can use your Extended Essay as a talking point in your college essays (and it will prepare you for your studies to come too!).

#2: Select a Topic That Is Neither Too Broad nor Too Narrow

There's a fine line between broad and narrow. You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you can't write 4,000 words on it.

You can't write about WWII because that would be a book's worth of material. You also don't want to write about what type of soup prisoners of war received behind enemy lines, because you probably won’t be able to come up with 4,000 words of material about it. However, you could possibly write about how the conditions in German POW camps—and the rations provided—were directly affected by the Nazis' successes and failures on the front, including the use of captured factories and prison labor in Eastern Europe to increase production. WWII military history might be a little overdone, but you get my point.

If you're really stuck trying to pinpoint a not-too-broad-or-too-narrow topic, I suggest trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. Once you begin looking through the list of sample essays below, you'll notice that many use comparisons to formulate their main arguments.

I also used a comparison in my EE, contrasting Harold Pinter's Party Time with John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in order to show a transition in British theatre. Topics with comparisons of two to three plays, books, and so on tend to be the sweet spot. You can analyze each item and then compare them with one another after doing some in-depth analysis of each individually. The ways these items compare and contrast will end up forming the thesis of your essay!

When choosing a comparative topic, the key is that the comparison should be significant. I compared two plays to illustrate the transition in British theatre, but you could compare the ways different regional dialects affect people's job prospects or how different temperatures may or may not affect the mating patterns of lightning bugs. The point here is that comparisons not only help you limit your topic, but they also help you build your argument.

Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade-A EE, though. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison-based topic and are still unsure whether your topic is too broad or narrow, spend about 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is out there.

If there are more than 1,000 books, articles, or documentaries out there on that exact topic, it may be too broad. But if there are only two books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow. If you're still unsure, ask your advisor—it's what they're there for! Speaking of advisors...


Don't get stuck with a narrow topic!

#3: Choose an Advisor Who Is Familiar With Your Topic

If you're not certain of who you would like to be your advisor, create a list of your top three choices. Next, write down the pros and cons of each possibility (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!).

For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher and we get along really well, but he teaches English. For my EE, I want to conduct an experiment that compares the efficiency of American electric cars with foreign electric cars.

I had Ms. White a year ago. She teaches physics and enjoyed having me in her class. Unlike Mr. Green, Ms. White could help me design my experiment.

Based on my topic and what I need from my advisor, Ms. White would be a better fit for me than would Mr. Green (even though I like him a lot).

The moral of my story is this: do not just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor . They might be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. For example, I would not recommend asking your biology teacher to guide you in writing an English literature-based EE.

There can, of course, be exceptions to this rule. If you have a teacher who's passionate and knowledgeable about your topic (as my English teacher was about my theatre topic), you could ask that instructor. Consider all your options before you do this. There was no theatre teacher at my high school, so I couldn't find a theatre-specific advisor, but I chose the next best thing.

Before you approach a teacher to serve as your advisor, check with your high school to see what requirements they have for this process. Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form , for instance.

Make sure that you ask your IB coordinator whether there is any required paperwork to fill out. If your school needs a specific form signed, bring it with you when you ask your teacher to be your EE advisor.

#4: Pick an Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best

Some teachers might just take on students because they have to and aren't very passionate about reading drafts, only giving you minimal feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the time to read several drafts of your essay and give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make my Extended Essay draft better.

Ask a teacher that you have experience with through class or an extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have absolutely no connection to. If a teacher already knows you, that means they already know your strengths and weaknesses, so they know what to look for, where you need to improve, and how to encourage your best work.

Also, don't forget that your supervisor's assessment is part of your overall EE score . If you're meeting with someone who pushes you to do better—and you actually take their advice—they'll have more impressive things to say about you than a supervisor who doesn't know you well and isn't heavily involved in your research process.

Be aware that the IB only allows advisors to make suggestions and give constructive criticism. Your teacher cannot actually help you write your EE. The IB recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in total with the candidate discussing the EE.

#5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow

The IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be one to two double-spaced pages), research question/focus (i.e., what you're investigating), a body, and a conclusion (about one double-spaced page). An essay with unclear organization will be graded poorly.

The body of your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about eight to 18 pages long (again, depending on your topic). Your body can be split into multiple parts. For example, if you were doing a comparison, you might have one third of your body as Novel A Analysis, another third as Novel B Analysis, and the final third as your comparison of Novels A and B.

If you're conducting an experiment or analyzing data, such as in this EE , your EE body should have a clear structure that aligns with the scientific method ; you should state the research question, discuss your method, present the data, analyze the data, explain any uncertainties, and draw a conclusion and/or evaluate the success of the experiment.

#6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later!

You will not be able to crank out a 4,000-word essay in just a week and get an A on it. You'll be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books and plays as well!). As such, it's imperative that you start your research as soon as possible.

Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Some schools want them as soon as November of your senior year; others will take them as late as February. Your school will tell you what your deadline is. If they haven't mentioned it by February of your junior year, ask your IB coordinator about it.

Some high schools will provide you with a timeline of when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor, and when certain drafts are due. Not all schools do this. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure whether you are on a specific timeline.

Below is my recommended EE timeline. While it's earlier than most schools, it'll save you a ton of heartache (trust me, I remember how hard this process was!):

  • January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least your top three options).
  • February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor. If they decline, keep asking others until you find one. See my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor.
  • April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at least seven to 10) to your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline.
  • Summer Between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between your junior and senior year. I know, I know—no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me--this will save you so much stress come fall when you are busy with college applications and other internal assessments for your IB classes. You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely won't be able to get everything you want to say into 4,000 articulate words on the first attempt. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape so you don't have to work on too many revisions during the school year on top of your homework, college applications, and extracurriculars.
  • August/September of Senior Year: Turn in your first draft of your EE to your advisor and receive feedback. Work on incorporating their feedback into your essay. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft.
  • September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to your advisor (if necessary) and look at their feedback. Work on creating the best possible final draft.
  • November-February of Senior Year: Schedule your viva voce. Submit two copies of your final draft to your school to be sent off to the IB. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate.

Remember that in the middle of these milestones, you'll need to schedule two other reflection sessions with your advisor . (Your teachers will actually take notes on these sessions on a form like this one , which then gets submitted to the IB.)

I recommend doing them when you get feedback on your drafts, but these meetings will ultimately be up to your supervisor. Just don't forget to do them!


The early bird DOES get the worm!

How Is the IB Extended Essay Graded?

Extended Essays are graded by examiners appointed by the IB on a scale of 0 to 34 . You'll be graded on five criteria, each with its own set of points. You can learn more about how EE scoring works by reading the IB guide to extended essays .

  • Criterion A: Focus and Method (6 points maximum)
  • Criterion B: Knowledge and Understanding (6 points maximum)
  • Criterion C: Critical Thinking (12 points maximum)
  • Criterion D: Presentation (4 points maximum)
  • Criterion E: Engagement (6 points maximum)

How well you do on each of these criteria will determine the final letter grade you get for your EE. You must earn at least a D to be eligible to receive your IB Diploma.

Although each criterion has a point value, the IB explicitly states that graders are not converting point totals into grades; instead, they're using qualitative grade descriptors to determine the final grade of your Extended Essay . Grade descriptors are on page 103 of this document .

Here's a rough estimate of how these different point values translate to letter grades based on previous scoring methods for the EE. This is just an estimate —you should read and understand the grade descriptors so you know exactly what the scorers are looking for.

Here is the breakdown of EE scores (from the May 2021 bulletin):

How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma?

The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to determine how many points you get toward your IB Diploma.

To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to receive an IB Diploma, read our complete guide to the IB program and our guide to the IB Diploma requirements .

This diagram shows how the two scores are combined to determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the least). In order to get your IB Diploma, you have to earn 24 points across both categories (the TOK and EE). The highest score anyone can earn is 45 points.


Let's say you get an A on your EE and a B on TOK. You will get 3 points toward your Diploma. As of 2014, a student who scores an E on either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to receive an IB Diploma .

Prior to the class of 2010, a Diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the Extended Essay or Theory of Knowledge and still be awarded a Diploma, but this is no longer true.

Figuring out how you're assessed can be a little tricky. Luckily, the IB breaks everything down here in this document . (The assessment information begins on page 219.)

40+ Sample Extended Essays for the IB Diploma Programme

In case you want a little more guidance on how to get an A on your EE, here are over 40 excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure. Essays are grouped by IB subject.

  • Chemistry 1
  • Chemistry 2
  • Chemistry 3
  • Geography 1
  • Geography 2
  • Geography 3
  • Mathematics 1
  • Mathematics 2
  • Mathematics 3
  • Mathematics 4
  • Philosophy 1
  • Philosophy 2
  • Philosophy 3
  • Philosophy 4
  • Psychology 1
  • Psychology 2
  • Psychology 3
  • Social and Cultural Anthropology 1
  • Social and Cultural Anthropology 2
  • Visual Arts 1
  • Visual Arts 2
  • Visual Arts 3
  • Visual Arts 4
  • World Religion 1
  • World Religion 2

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Extended Essay (IB): Choosing a subject and topic

  • The Inquiry Process
  • EE Seminar 1
  • EE Seminar 2
  • IT Workshop 1
  • EE Investigation Days
  • EE Writing Days
  • Choosing a subject and topic
  • Developing a line of inquiry
  • Finding and selecting sources
  • Working with ideas
  • Expressing your ideas
  • Using ManageBac
  • Supervisor resources
  • Who can help?

extended essay topics social science

For your EE you have the freedom to focus on almost any topic and you will write your own question to answer.  However, your topic must fit into a single DP subject (unless you choose to write an interdisciplinary essay, such as a World Studies EE that covers a topic “of contemporary global significance” and is likely to encompass two subject areas).

Given the academic challenge and level expected of an EE, you are strongly advised to choose a subject that you are currently studying, preferably at Higher Level.

Introduction to the Extended Essay

extended essay topics social science

What is the Extended Essay?

  • Compulsory element of the core, along with TOK and CAS
  • Inquiry-based research project resulting in an essay of up to 4,000 words
  • Topic of your choice, but must be based in a DP subject * and meet subject-specific requirements
  • You are strongly encouraged to do your essay in one of your HL subjects

*It is possible, under certain circumstances, to combine two subjects and do a World Studies essay but we do not currently recommend this.

What do I need to do?

extended essay topics social science

This guide is just to get your thinking started.

You are going to be spending nine months on your Extended Essay - it is very important to choose a topic that actually interests you, or it is going to be a very long nine months...

Good preparation is much more effective for finding inspiration than last minute panic!

CALVIN AND HOBBES © Watterson. Reprinted with permission of ANDREWS MCMEEL SYNDICATION.  All rights reserved.

How do I choose a subject?

Thought bubble image

  • Think about your interests outside the classroom then check whether they might fit into any IB subject areas.
  • Think about your IB subjects, particularly your HL subjects. Which would (and wouldn't) you enjoy exploring in more depth?
  • Make a list of the topics (for one or more different subject areas) that you have enjoyed in that subject area and a list of topics you haven’t covered but wish you had. You might want to chat to your teachers or have a look in your textbooks.
  • Think about any career aspirations you might have, or any ideas for further study, and they could point you in a direction.

Now have a look at the Subject Group Overviews , below, to see what an EE in that group might involve. It is worth comparing a couple of different subject groups.

Subject Group Overviews

  • Group 1: Studies in language and literature
  • Group 2: Language acquisition (incl. Classical Languages)
  • Group 3: Individuals and societies
  • Group 4: Experimental sciences
  • Group 5: Mathematics
  • Group 6: The Arts
  • Interdisciplinary essays

extended essay topics social science

  • Category 1 Studies of one or more literary works originally written in the language in which the essay is presented.
  • Category 2 Studies of a literary work or works originally written in the language of the essay compared with one or more literary works originally written in another language. (The work originally written in another language may be studied in translation.)
  • Category 3 Studies in language based on one or more texts originally produced in the language in which the essay is presented.

Students and teachers must indicate at the point of upload which category of essay they are submitting."

From: IBO (2020) Extended Essay: Studies in language and literature

MFL Books

Students working on a language acquisition EE must demonstrate an in-depth understanding of the language, culture and society or literature studied. This understanding must be shown in the form of:

  • an analysis of a cultural context or a specific text OR
  • an analysis of trends in the culture studied and the impact of a cultural change on the form or use of the language OR
  • an analysis and comparison of literary texts.

For those undertaking a classical Greek or Latin EE, the focus is on demonstrating an understanding of a relevant or significant aspect of the language, literature and civilization of ancient Greece or Rome."

From: IBO (2020) Extended Essay: Language acquisition including classical languages

Note that you may not do your EE in a language you are studying at ab initio level .

extended essay topics social science

The individuals and societies EE is intended to encourage the systematic and critical study of:

  • human experience and behaviour
  • physical, economic and social environments
  • the history and development of social and cultural institutions.

Students’ choice of topic should enable them to recognize that the content and methodologies of the subjects are contestable and that their study requires critical thinking.

Students must have sufficient grounding in the subject under which they submit their essay: reading a textbook or consulting an encyclopedia while writing the EE will not compensate for a lack of proper background knowledge."

From: IBO (2020) Extended Essay: Individuals and societies

Note: The IB considers Environmental Systems and Societies EEs to be interdisciplinary, so materials for these can be found under the Interdisciplinary essays tab, above.

extended essay topics social science

"An extended essay (EE) in the sciences gives students an opportunity to apply a range of skills while researching a topic of personal interest in the field. Students working on a science EE must demonstrate an in-depth analysis of the subject matter studied, be it biology, chemistry, computer science, design technology, physics or sports, exercise and health science. This understanding must be shown in the form of a research paper involving a wellformulated research question. Students should be advised that while there is overlap between the subjects, their study should reflect one specific science area. For example:

  • biology—dealing with living organisms and life processes
  • chemistry—dealing with the composition, characterization and transformation of substances

...The nature of the topic under investigation should be different for each subject area and students should be careful if they undertake essays that may blur the boundaries between two science subjects. For example, when studying the pH of a body of water, students may investigate the chemicals responsible for the observed pH (chemistry), or the effect of the pH on the biota (biology)."

From: IBO (2020) The Sciences: an introduction from Extended Essay: The sciences

extended essay topics social science

  • the applicability of mathematics to solve both real and abstract problems
  • the beauty of mathematics, as in, for instance, geometry or fractal theory
  • the elegance of mathematics in the proving of theorems as in, for example, number theory
  • the origin and subsequent development of a branch of mathematics over a period of time, measured in tens, hundreds or thousands of years
  • the links between different branches of mathematics, or the way that branch of mathematics has been born, or has flourished, as a result of technology.

Students should be advised on the importance of formulating logical and coherent reasons for selecting a particular topic for the EE, the need to identify a well-thought-out research question and the requirement to search for the mathematical problems that require a solution. Students must be advised that mathematical research is a long-term and open-ended exploration of a set of related mathematical problems that are based on personal observations. The answers to these problems connect to and build upon each other over time."

From: IBO (2020) Extended Essay: Mathematics

extended essay topics social science

  • a coherent analysis and interpretation of their chosen area in relation to a posed research question
  • the testing and validation of the research and consideration of its effect on the practice of the investigated area of the arts
  • development and exploration in a disciplined and imaginative way of an area of study specifically appropriate to the curriculum area chosen
  • a link to a practical dimension.

Each subject area poses its own unique set of challenges. Therefore, the approach to the topic of investigation should reflect the particular methodology most appropriate to the arts subject being studied. Students should have logical and coherent reasons for selecting a particular topic for their essay, a well-thought out research question and an approach that allows them to develop a reasoned argument.

...While there may be overlap between the subjects in the arts and common approaches, the research topic must clearly relate to one specific arts area. If a student chooses a research area that blurs the boundaries between two arts subjects, they must ensure that their essay’s emphasis clearly lies within the arts subject for which they are submitting it. Crucially, the topic selected should reflect each student’s particular interest and enthusiasm within that subject area."

From: IBO (2020) Extended Essay: The arts

extended essay topics social science

For example, in literature and performance, students focus on the nature of the relationships that occur between a chosen text and its adaptation for performance; in world studies an issue of contemporary global significance is explored through the lenses of two subjects ; and in environmental systems and societies the interaction and integration of natural environmental systems and human societies are explored

Students undertaking one of these options must demonstrate a solid understanding of their area of research, taking a fully integrated approach. This examination must be shown in the form of:

  • a coherently written and structured essay that effectively addresses an area of research, taking an interdisciplinary approach
  • bringing together concepts, methods and approaches from across different subjects
  • the development and exploration of an area of study specifically appropriate to the interdisciplinary choice

The most critical stage in preparing for the EE is the formulation of a logical and coherent rationale for selecting a particular topic for the extended essay, a topic that offers enough scope to provide material for a substantial essay , and the development of ideas around the topic and research question that examine existing views and argue against them."

From: IBO (2020) Interdisciplinary essays: an introduction from Extended Essay: Interdisciplinary essays

We do not recommend undertaking an EE in World Studies. If you choose to do so anyway, make sure that you consider very carefully whether your topic would fit the requirements of a single subject discipline instead. It can be challenging to juggle the requirements of two different subjects while undertaking a piece of academic research like this for the first time, particularly if you do not currently study one or both of the subjects.

Note that the Treatment of the Topic section of the Subject Guide for World Studies says that:

"It is expected that students will have a good grounding in at least one of the Diploma Programme subjects used in the EE.

If they are unfamiliar with a discipline used, they must access its syllabus so that they can identify the concepts, terminology and modes of thinking required for their EE. (Many IB syllabuses contain lists of key concepts.)"

This means that whether or not you are currently studying either or both of the subject areas your World Studies EE is based in  you will need to use DP Level concepts, terminology and modes of thinking appropriate to both subject areas.

Subject Specific Guidance

Use the links below to explore the Subject-Specific Guidance for your chosen subject. Note that it is very important to use the side navigation menu to make sure you have read ALL the relevant guidance (see example for Biology, below).

extended essay topics social science

You MUST read the subject-specific guidance before completing your Supervisor Application Form, and reread it before completing your Research Proposal Log. You might find it helpful to take notes using the Using the Subject-Specific Guidelines table.

Electronic versions of these can be found at the top right hand side of this page (follow links). If you wish to submit your handwritten version to ManageBac, you may upload a (legible!) photograph.

Ethical guidelines

You must address the IB ethical guidelines in your Research Proposal and follow them throughout the EE process. Some Subject Guides will contain specific ethical guidelines for that subject, but here are some general guides you might need to refer to:

Extended essays from previous years

Past essays

It can be really useful at this stage to look at essays from previous Oakham students, to see what kinds of topics they investigated and what their final essays looked like. These are upstairs in the library and can be looked at while you are here.

Please remember:

  • These are all the essays from past Oakhamians and they were awarded a range of grades (which are recorded on the contents pages). They are not a set of examples of 'good' essays or even 'good' titles.
  • There have been several rule changes in the past, most notably in 2018, so make sure you are aware of the current rules.

You may take photographs of individual pages (such as the contents pages). You may not photograph or photocopy whole essays.

How do I choose a topic?

Go back to your brainstormed list of topics from the first session:

  • Eliminate any that you don’t really want to write about and focus on the rest.
  • Use the ideas on the mind map below to examine these topics and decide which might be worth further exploration. You might choose to make a mind map like this for some of your topics.

extended essay topics social science

Before deciding on a topic you should do some preliminary research to see what information is out there. Make a few brief notes as you go.

  • General internet browsing: You could begin with some freestyle internet searching on a broad topic that interests you. Search for your topic online, give yourself an hour to follow links and see where they take you – keeping an EE focus, of course!
  • Subscription Databases : While you will almost certainly search the databases extensively for your research once you have chosen a topic, you can also browse them to help you to chose one. See the ' Browsing our subscription databases ' box below for advice on the best ones to choose for this. Using the subscription databases to help you to choose a topic also means that you are guaranteed to be able to find high quality information on that topic.
  • Talk to your teachers, friends and family

Put your notes away, forget about what you have read for a few days, then see what you remember.  This time and distance is important as it is likely that you will remember what is of most interest to you, and so the angle you should develop.

Aim to have three suggestions for topic areas you might like to explore for your EE to explore further before making a decision .

Browsing our subscription databases

You are likely to have used our databases in the past to search for information on specific topics, but many of them are also excellent when browsing for ideas. I have made some suggestions below. You will need to access them from the list on our Subscription Databases page (using the log in information given if you are not on the school network).

extended essay topics social science

An excellent series of ebooks providing a short, academic introduction to a wide range of topics. Choose 'Browse by subject' from the menu bar to explore them (or use the excellent search facility if you know which topic you are interested in).

extended essay topics social science

An online encyclopaedia that you can trust and cite! Choose 'Advanced' then 'Explore: Articles' to browse Britannica in a range of different subject areas.

extended essay topics social science

Hodder Education Magazines

Although aimed at A-level students, browsing these Review magazines may be a good way to identify a broad topic of interest. After you log-in, you can choose to search the whole database or choose a specific subject and browse/search within it.

extended essay topics social science

Other, subject-specific resources

  • Art: Oxford Art
  • Drama: Drama Online
  • Economics: Financial Times and Gale Newspaper Collection
  • English literature: Connell Guides, EBSCO Literary Reference Centre, emagazine and MASSOLIT (a video-based resource)
  • Music: Naxos Music Library, Oxford Music
  • Politics: Financial Times and Gale Newspaper Collection 

Using the Subject Specific Guidelines

extended essay topics social science

This table will help you work with the Subject-Specific Guidelines as you choose your topic. You are not required to submit this form to your supervisor, but you might find it helpful when filling in your Supervisor Application Form and Research Proposal.

Annotated bibliography

extended essay topics social science

This resource will help you to keep track of all the different sources you find. Once you start working with each source in more detail, you will also need a tool like the Investigative Journal to organise your notes.

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US IB Environmental Systems and Societies: ESS Extended Essay

  • ESS Extended Essay
  • Criterion Overview
  • Criterion A: Focus and method
  • Criterion B: Knowledge and Understanding
  • Criterion C: Critical thinking
  • Criterion D: Presentation
  • Criterion E: Engagement


B: Knowledge and understanding

This criterion assesses the extent to which the research relates to the subject area/discipline used to explore the research question; or in the case of the world studies extended essay, the issue addressed and the two disciplinary perspectives applied; and additionally, the way in which this knowledge and understanding is demonstrated through the use of appropriate terminology and concepts.

  • Have you explained how your research question relates to a specific subject you selected for the extended essay?
  • Have you used relevant terminology and concepts throughout your essay as they relate to your particular area of research?
  • Is it clear that the sources you are using are relevant and appropriate to your research question?
  • Do you have a range of sources, or have you only relied on one particular type, for example internet sources?
  • Is there a reason why you might not have a range? Is this justified?

C: Critical thinking

This criterion assesses the extent to which critical thinking skills have been used to analyze and evaluate the research undertaken.

  • Have you made links between your results and data collected and your research question?
  • If you included data or information that is not directly related to your research question have you explained its importance?
  • Are your conclusions supported by your data?
  • If you found unexpected information or data have you discussed its importance?
  • Have you provided a critical evaluation of the methods you selected?
  • Have you considered the reliability of your sources (peer-reviewed journals, internet, and so on)?
  • Have you mentioned and evaluated the significance of possible errors that may have occurred in your research?
  • Are all your suggestions of errors or improvements relevant?
  • Have you evaluated your research question?
  • Have you compared your results or findings with any other sources?
  • Is there an argument that is clear and easy to follow and directly linked to answering your research question, and which is supported by evidence?

D: Presentation

This criterion assesses the extent to which the presentation follows the standard format expected for academic writing and the extent to which this aids effective communication.

  • Have you read and understood the presentation requirements of the extended essay?
  • Have you chosen a font that will be easy for examiners to read on-screen?
  • Is your essay double-spaced and size 12 font?
  • Are the title and research question mentioned on the cover page?
  • Are all pages numbered?
  • Have you prepared a correct table of contents?
  • Do the page numbers in the table of contents match the page numbers in the text?
  • Is your essay subdivided into correct sub-sections, if this is applicable to the subject?
  • Are all figures and tables properly numbered and labelled?
  • Does your bibliography contain only the sources cited in the text?
  • Did you use the same reference system throughout the essay?
  • Does the essay have less than 4,000 words?
  • Is all the material presented in the appendices relevant and necessary?
  • Have you proofread the text for spelling or grammar errors?

E. Engagement

This criterion assesses the student’s engagement with their research focus and the research process. It will be applied by the examiner at the end of the assessment of the essay, after considering the students RPPF.

  • Have you demonstrated your engagement with your research topic and the research process?
  • Have you highlighted challenges you faced and how you overcame them?
  • Will the examiner get a sense of your intellectual and skills development?
  • Will the examiner get a sense of your creativity and intellectual initiative?
  • Will the examiner get a sense of how you responded to actions and ideas in the research process?
  • IB ESS Extended Essay Guide
  • World Studies Extended Essay Guide
  • World Studies
  • Example A: Turtle Conservation
  • Example A: Marks
  • Example B: Economics of Wolves
  • Example B Marks
  • Example A: Wildlife Trafficking in China

Using the systems approach

The systems approach is a central theme in ESS. The essay should include an attempt to model, at least partially, the system or systems in question.

The term “model” in this context includes, for example:

  • mathematical formulas
  • graphical representations
  • flow diagrams

Students should use  ESS terminology , where appropriate.

extended essay topics social science

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extended essay topics social science

  • Board index Active Forums (Make all new posts here) Grades 9-12 Grades 9-12: Physical Science

Extended Essay Topic (URGENT!)

Moderators: kgudger , bfinio , MadelineB , Moderators

Post by Nigel » Mon Jun 10, 2013 1:19 am

Re: Extended Essay Topic (URGENT!)

Post by theborg » Wed Jun 12, 2013 9:48 am

Post by Nigel » Tue Jun 18, 2013 7:23 am

Post by John Dreher » Tue Jun 18, 2013 6:12 pm

Post by Nigel » Wed Jun 19, 2013 3:51 pm

Post by Nigel » Fri Jul 19, 2013 4:41 pm

Post by John Dreher » Fri Jul 19, 2013 7:30 pm

Post by Nigel » Wed Aug 28, 2013 6:54 am

Return to “Grades 9-12: Physical Science”

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Social Science Space

Social Science Space

A space to explore, share and shape the issues facing social and behavioral scientists

What is a Social Science Essay?

Woman writing while seated on floor

[Ed. – We present this article, adapted from a chapter of Good Essay Writing: A Social Sciences Guide , as a resource for Academic Writing Month.]

There are different types of social science essay, and essays of different lengths require slightly different approaches (these will be addressed later). However, all social science essays share a basic structure which is common to many academic subject areas. At its simplest, a social science essay looks something like this:

Title | Every essay should begin with the title written out in full. In some cases this will simply be the set question or statement for discussion.

Introduction | The introduction tells the reader what the essay is about.

Main section | The main section, or ‘body’, of the essay develops the key points of the argument in a ‘logical progression’. It uses evidence from research studies (empirical evidence) and theoretical arguments to support these points.

Conclusion | The conclusion reassesses the arguments presented in the main section in order to make a final statement in answer to the question.

List of references | This lists full details of the publications referred to in the text.

extended essay topics social science

What is distinctive about a social science essay?

As you are no doubt aware, essay writing is a common feature of undergraduate study in many different subjects. What, then, is distinctive about essay writing in the social sciences? There are particular features that characterize social science essays and that relate to what is called the epistemological underpinning of work in this area (that is, to ideas about what constitutes valid social scientific knowledge and where this comes from). Among the most important of these characteristics are:

• the requirement that you support arguments with evidence, particularly evidence that is the product of systematic and rigorous research;

• the use of theory to build explanations about how the social world works.

Evidence is important in social scientific writing because it is used to support or query beliefs, propositions or hypotheses about the social world. Let’s take an example. A social scientist may ask: ‘Does prison work?’ This forms an initial question, but one that is too vague to explore as it stands. (This question might be about whether prison ‘works’ for offenders, in terms of providing rehabilitation, or re-education; or it might be about whether it ‘works’ for victims of crime who may wish to see retribution – or any number of other issues.) To answer the question in mind, the social scientist will need to formulate a more specific claim, one that can be systematically and rigorously explored. Such a claim could be formulated in the following terms:

extended essay topics social science

‘Imprisonment reduces the likelihood of subsequent reoffending’. This claim can now be subjected to systematic research. In other words, the social scientist will gather evidence for and against this claim, evidence that she or he will seek to interpret or evaluate. This process of evaluation will tend to support or refute the original claim, but it may be inconclusive, and/or it may generate further questions. Together, these processes of enquiry can be described as forming a ‘circuit of social scientific knowledge’. This circuit can be represented as in this figure.

Undergraduates may sometimes be asked to conduct their own small-scale research, for instance a small number of interviews, or some content analysis. However, the focus of social science study at undergraduate level, and particularly in the first two years of study, will be largely on the research of others. Generally, in preparing for writing your essays, the expectation will be that you will identify and evaluate evidence from existing research findings. However, the principle holds good: in writing social science essays you will need to find evidence for and against any claim, and you will need to evaluate that evidence.

Theory is important in social scientific writing because the theoretical orientation of the social scientist will tend to inform the types of question she or he asks, the specific claims tested, the ways in which evidence is identified and gathered, and the manner in which this evidence is interpreted and evaluated. In other words, the theoretical orientation of the social scientist is liable to impact upon the forms of knowledge she or he will produce.

Take, for example, the research question we asked above: ‘Does prison work?’ A pragmatic, policy-oriented social scientist may seek to answer this question by formulating a specific claim of the sort we identified, ‘Imprisonment reduces the likelihood of reoffending’. She or he may then gather evidence of reoffending rates among matched groups of convicted criminals, comparing those who were imprisoned with those who were given an alternative punishment such as forms of community service. Evidence that imprisonment did not produce significantly lower rates of reoffending than punishment in the community may then be interpreted as suggesting that prison does not work, or that it works only up to a point. However, another social scientist might look at the same research findings and come to a different conclusion, perhaps that the apparent failure of prison to reduce reoffending demonstrates that its primary purpose lies elsewhere. Indeed, more ‘critically’ oriented social scientists (for example, those informed by Marxism or the work of Michel Foucault) have sought to argue that the growth of prisons in the nineteenth century was part of wider social attempts to ‘discipline’, in particular, the working class.

extended essay topics social science

The issue here is not whether these more ‘critical’ arguments are right or wrong but that a social scientist’s theoretical orientation will inform how she or he evaluates the available evidence. In fact, it is likely that a ‘critical’ social scientist of this sort would even have formulated a different research ‘claim’. For example, rather than seeking to test the claim, ‘Imprisonment reduces the likelihood of reoffending’, the critical social scientist might have sought to test the proposition, ‘Prisons are part of wider social strategies that aim to produce “disciplined” subjects’. The point for you to take away from this discussion is, then, that the theories we use shape the forms of social scientific knowledge we produce (see Figure 2).

There is considerable debate within the social sciences about the exact relationship between theory and evidence. To simplify somewhat, some social scientists tend to argue that evidence can be used to support or invalidate the claims investigated by research and thereby produce theoretical accounts of the social world that are more or less accurate. Other social scientists will tend to argue that our theoretical orientations (and the value judgements and taken-for-granted assumptions that they contain) shape the processes of social scientific enquiry itself, such that we can never claim to produce a straightforwardly ‘accurate’ account of the social world. Instead, they suggest that social scientific knowledge is always produced from a particular standpoint and will inevitably reflect its assumptions.

What you need to grasp is that essay writing in the social sciences is distinguished by its emphasis on: the use of researched evidence to support arguments and on theory as central to the process by which we build accounts of social worlds. Your own writing will need to engage with both elements.

Common errors in essays

Having identified what distinguishes a social science essay we can return to the more practical task of how to write one. This process is elaborated in the chapters that follow, but before getting into the details of this, we should think about what commonly goes wrong in essay writing.

Perhaps the most common mistakes in essay writing, all of which can have an impact on your marks, are:

• failure to answer the question;

• failure to write using your own words;

• poor use of social scientific skills (such as handling theory and evidence);

• poor structure;

• poor grammar, punctuation and spelling; and

• failure to observe the word limit (where this is specified).

Failing to answer the question sounds easy enough to avoid, but you might be surprised how easy it is to write a good answer to the wrong question. Most obviously, there is always the risk of misreading the question. However, it is frequently the case that questions will ‘index’ a wider debate and will want you to review and engage with this. Thus, you need to avoid the danger of understanding the question but failing to connect it to the debate and the body of literature to which the question refers. Equally, particularly on more advanced undergraduate courses, you are likely to be asked to work from an increasing range of sources. The dangers here include failing to select the most relevant material and failing to organize the material you have selected in a way that best fits the question. Therefore, make sure that you take time to read the question properly to ensure that you understand what is being asked. Next, think carefully about whether there is a debate that ‘lies behind’ the question. Then be sure to identify the material that addresses the question most fully.

Writing in your own words is crucial because this is the best way in which you can come to understand a topic, and the only way of demonstrating this understanding to your tutor. The important point to remember is that if you do plagiarize, your essay risks receiving a fail grade, and if you plagiarize repeatedly you risk further sanctions. You must therefore always put arguments in your own words except when you are quoting someone directly (in which case you must use the appropriate referencing conventions). The positive side of what might seem like a draconian rule is that you will remember better what you have put in your own words. This ensures that you will have the fullest possible understanding of your course. If there is an end-of-course exam, such an understanding will be a real asset.

Social science essays also need to demonstrate an effective use of social scientific skills. Perhaps the most obvious of these skills is the ability to deploy theory and evidence in an appropriate manner (as you saw in the previous section, this is what distinguishes social scientific essay writing). However, particularly as you move on to more advanced undergraduate courses, you should also keep in mind the need to demonstrate such things as confidence in handling social scientific concepts and vocabulary; an awareness of major debates, approaches and figures in your field; the ability to evaluate competing arguments; and an awareness of potential uncertainty, ambiguity and the limits of knowledge in your subject. These are important because they indicate your ability to work creatively with the tools of the social scientist’s trade.

An effective structure is important and pragmatic because it helps the person who marks your essay to understand what is going on. By contrast, a list of unconnected ideas and examples is likely to confuse, and will certainly fail to impress. The simplest way to avoid this is to follow the kind of essay writing conventions briefly outlined above and discussed in later chapters of this guide. Chapter 8, on the main body of the essay, is particularly relevant here, but you will also need to keep in mind the importance of a well-written introduction and conclusion to an effectively structured argument.

The ability to spell, punctuate and use grammar correctly is, generally speaking, something you are expected to have mastered prior to embarking on a degree-level course. This is really a matter of effective communication. While it is the content of your essay that will win you the most marks, you need to be able spell, punctuate and use grammar effectively in order to communicate what you have to say. Major problems in this area will inevitably hold down your marks, so if this is an issue in your work, it will be a good idea to seek further help.

Finally, observing the word limit is important – and, as you probably realize, more difficult than it sounds. The simplest advice is always to check whether there is a word limit and what this is, and then to be ruthless with yourself, focusing only on the material that is most pertinent to the question. If you find that you have written more words than is allowed, you will need to check for irrelevant discussions, examples, or even wordy sentence construction. Too few words may indicate that you haven’t provided the depth of discussion required, or that you have omitted essential points or evidence.

In the light of the above, we can identify four golden rules for effective social scientific essay writing.

Rule 1: Answer the question that is asked.

Rule 2: Write your answer in your own words.

Rule 3: Think about the content of your essay, being sure to demonstrate good social scientific skills.

Rule 4: Think about the structure of your essay, being sure to demonstrate good writing skills, and observing any word limit.

Why an essay is not a report, newspaper article or an exam answer

This section has mainly focused on what is distinctive about a social science essay, but there is something distinctive about essays in general that is worth keeping in mind. Many students come from professional backgrounds where report writing is a common form of communication. For other students a main source of information is newspapers or online websites. These are all legitimate forms of writing that serve useful purposes – but, apart from some of the content on academic websites, they just aren’t essays. There are exam conventions that make exam writing – even ‘essay style’ exams – different from essay writing.

In part, this is to do with ‘academic register’ or ‘voice’. Part of what you will develop as you become a stronger essay writer is a ‘voice’ that is your own, but that conforms to the conventions of academic practice. For social scientists, as we have noted above, this practice includes the use of evidence to support an argument and providing references that show where your ideas and evidence have come from. It also includes the ability to write with some confidence, using the vernacular – or language – of your subject area. Different forms of writing serve different purposes. The main purpose of academic writing is to develop and share knowledge and understanding. In some academic journals this can take the form of boisterous debate, with different academics fully and carefully defending, or arguing for, one position or another. For students of social science, however, there may be less at stake, but essays should nevertheless demonstrate knowledge and understanding of a particular issue or area. Conforming to some basic conventions around how to present ideas and arguments, helps us more easily to compare those ideas, just as conforming to the rules of a game makes it easier for one sports team to play against another: if one team is playing cricket and the other baseball, we will find there are similarities (both use bats, have innings, make runs), but there will also be lots of awkward differences. In the end, neither the players nor the spectators are likely to find it a very edifying experience. The following looks at other forms of serious writing that you may be familiar with, but that just aren’t cricket.

Report writing

Reports take a variety of forms, but typically involve: an up-front ‘executive summary’, a series of discussions, usually with numbered headings and subheadings. They are also likely to include ‘bullet points’ that capture an idea or argument in a succinct way. Professional reports may include evidence, arguments, recommendations and references. You may already have spotted some of the similarities with essays – and the crucial differences. Let’s begin with the similarities. Reports and essays both involve discussion, the use of evidence to support (or refute) a claim or argument, and a list of references. Both will have an introductory section, a main body and a conclusion. However, the differences are important. With the exception of very long essays (dissertations and the like), essays do not generally have numbered headings and subheadings. Nor do they have bullet points. They also don’t have executive summaries. And, with some notable exceptions (such as essays around areas of social policy perhaps), social science essays don’t usually require you to produce policy recommendations. The differences are significant, and are as much about style as they are about substance.

Journalistic writing

For many students, journalistic styles of writing are most familiar. Catchy headlines (or ‘titles’) are appealing, and newspapers’ to-the-point presentation may make for easier reading. News stories, however, follow a different set of requirements to essays – a different set of ‘golden rules’. In general, newspaper and website news articles foreground the ‘who, what, where, when and why’ of a story in the first paragraph. The most important information is despatched immediately, with the assumption that all readers will read the headline, most readers will read the first paragraph, and dwindling numbers will read the remainder of the article. Everyday newspaper articles often finish with a ‘whimper’ for this reason, and there may be no attempt to summarize findings or provide a conclusion at the end – that’s not the role of news journalists. (Though there is quite a different set of rules for ‘Op Ed’ or opinion pieces.) Student essays, by contrast, should be structured to be read from beginning to end. The introduction should serve to ‘outline’ or ‘signpost’ the main body of the essay, rather than cover everything in one fell swoop; the main body should proceed with a clear, coherent and logical argument that builds throughout; and the essay should end with a conclusion that ties the essay together.

Exam writing

Again, exam writing has similarities and differences with essay writing. Perhaps the main differences are these: under exam conditions, it is understood that you are writing at speed and that you may not communicate as effectively as in a planned essay; you will generally not be expected to provide references (though you may be expected to link clearly authors and ideas). Longer exam answers will need to include a short introduction and a conclusion, while short answers may omit these. Indeed, very short answers may not resemble essays at all as they may focus on factual knowledge or very brief points of comparison.

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Extended Essay

Extended Essay Topics

Nova A.

Get Inspired: 110 Unique Extended Essay Topics and Ideas

14 min read

Published on: May 7, 2023

Last updated on: Sep 1, 2023

extended essay topics

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Are you struggling to choose an interesting topic for your extended essay? Do you feel overwhelmed by the vast array of options and the pressure to excel in your research?

Students often struggle with finding a good, researchable topic for their extended essays. But don't worry!

This blog offers 110 best extended essay topics and ideas, along with expert tips for success. With this read, you can easily get started on your extended essay. 

So, read on and discover a wide range of topics!

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IB Extended Essay Topics

IB extended essay topics are diverse, interdisciplinary, and self-directed. They can be chosen from a wide range of subjects and must be grounded in academic research. 

The topics are broad but feasible for in-depth research and writing. Writing an extended essay develops students' skills in critical thinking, and research, and prepares them for the future.

Here are extended essay topics categorized by subjects.

Biology Extended Essay Topics 

Here is a list of extended essay topics biology:

  • Investigating the effectiveness of different types of natural insecticides on pest control.
  • Analyzing the effect of X diet on gut microbiome composition and health.
  • Examining the role of gut microbiota in human health and disease.
  • Studying the genetic basis of addiction and its implications for treatment.
  • Exploring the potential of CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing for disease prevention and treatment.
  • Analyzing the effects of different types of stress on the human body and mind.
  • Examining the impact of X medication on the functioning of the Y organ system.
  • Investigating the potential of stem cells in regenerative medicine.
  • The effects of X substance on the behavior of Y cell type.
  • Analyzing the ecological impact of invasive species on native ecosystems.

English Extended Essay Topics

Here are some extended essay topics English literature:

  • Analyzing the use of symbolism in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter.
  • Investigating the role of gender in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice.
  • How does Shakespeare use the theme of fate in Romeo and Juliet?
  • Examining the impact of colonialism in Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart.
  • Analyzing the Theme of Power in J.R.R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings.
  • How does F. Scott Fitzgerald critique the American Dream in The Great Gatsby?
  • Investigating the representation of race in Toni Morrison’s Beloved.
  • Analyzing the use of narrative structure in Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude.
  • How does George Orwell use satire to critique totalitarianism in Animal Farm?
  • Examining the use of magical realism in Isabel Allende’s The House of the Spirits.

Psychology Extended Essay Topics 

Check out this list of extended essay topics psychology:

  • Investigating the impact of childhood trauma on adult mental health.
  • Analyzing the relationship between personality traits and career success.
  • Investigating the effects of social media on adolescent self-esteem and body image.
  • Analyzing the impact of X drug on brain chemistry and behavior.
  • Analyzing the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in treating anxiety disorders.
  • Examining the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy in treating anxiety disorders.
  • Investigating the relationship between X personality trait and addiction.
  • Investigating the role of nature vs. nurture in the development of sexual orientation.
  • Examining the effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance and mood.
  • Investigating the impact of X's environmental factor on the development of Y's mental health condition.

Economics Extended Essay Topics 

Here is a list of extended essay topics in economics:

  • Exploring the relationship between government policies and income inequality in a particular country.
  • Investigating the relationship between X income inequality and economic growth.
  • Evaluating the effects of trade protectionism on domestic industries and consumers.
  • The impact of X technology on employment and labor markets.
  • Investigating the relationship between taxation and corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices.
  • Examining the role of innovation and entrepreneurship in driving economic growth.
  • The effectiveness of X price discrimination strategy in increasing firm revenue.
  • Exploring the role of corporate mergers and acquisitions in industry consolidation and market power.
  • Investigating the relationship between X tax policy and small business growth.
  • Assessing the impact of government regulation on the growth and development of emerging technologies.

Chemistry Extended Essay Topics

  • Investigating the effects of different types of sunscreen on UV radiation protection.
  • Analyzing the efficiency of different types of water filtration systems in removing contaminants.
  • Exploring the chemistry behind the flavors and aromas of different types of wine.
  • What are the chemical reactions involved in food preservation techniques?
  • Assessing the impact of different types of fertilizers on soil pH and plant growth.
  • Examining the chemistry of fermentation and its applications in the production of different types of alcoholic beverages.
  • What is the impact of air pollution on atmospheric chemistry and climate change?
  • Analyzing the chemical properties of different types of plastics and their environmental impact.
  • What is the chemistry behind the synthesis and properties of superconductors?
  • Studying the chemistry of batteries and their applications in energy storage.

Physics Extended Essay Topics

Here are some extended essay topics for physics:

  • Investigating the physics of fluid dynamics and its applications in aerodynamics.
  • Exploring the properties and applications of different types of superconductors
  • The effect of X wavelength on the speed of light in a medium.
  • The physics of magnetic levitation and its applications in transportation.
  • Investigating the relationship between X surface area and the rate of evaporation.
  • Exploring the properties and applications of different types of lasers.
  • Investigating the physics of nuclear fusion and its potential as a clean energy source.
  • Studying the relationship between the X spring constant and the period of oscillation of a mass-spring system.
  • Exploring the physics of quantum computing and its potential applications in computing and cryptography.
  • Analyzing the efficiency of heat engine technology.

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Extended Essay Topics Business

Here is a list of business management extended essay topics:

  • Examining the Relationship Between Corporate Culture and Employee Motivation
  • Assessing the Effects of Social Media Marketing on Consumer Behavior and Brand Awareness
  • Investigating the Factors that Contribute to Successful International Joint Ventures
  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of Talent Management Strategies in Recruiting and Retaining Top Employees
  • Analyzing the Impact of E-Commerce on Traditional Retail Business Models
  • Studying the Role of Emotional Intelligence in Effective Leadership and Team Management
  • Exploring Strategies for Managing Workplace Diversity and Inclusion
  • Investigating the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Job Displacement and Workforce Development
  • Exploring the Benefits and Challenges of Strategic Partnerships for Business Growth and Innovation
  • Analyzing the Effects of Government Regulations on Business Operations and Profitability.

History Extended Essay Topics 

Here is some extended essay topics history:

  • Analyzing the Impact of the Opium Wars on China's Relationship with the West
  • Studying the Factors that Contributed to the Fall of the Roman Empire
  • Examining the Legacy of the Haitian Revolution and its Influence on Global Anti-Colonial Movements
  • Evaluating the Role of Women in the Civil Rights Movement in the United States
  • What Were the Causes and Consequences of the Spanish Civil War
  • Investigating the Factors that Led to the Rise of Fascism in Italy
  • The Impact of the American Indian Movement on Indigenous Rights in the United States
  • Evaluating the Success and Failures of the United Nations in Promoting International Peace and Security
  • What Became The Causes and Consequences of the Partition of India in 1947
  • Investigating the Role of Propaganda in Shaping Public Opinion during World War II.

Extended Essay Topics Computer Science

  • Enhancing Cybersecurity with Artificial Intelligence: An Investigation
  • Social Media Algorithms and User Behavior: An Analysis of Political Polarization
  • Ethical Implications of Facial Recognition Technology: An Examination
  • Detecting Financial Fraud with Machine Learning Algorithms: An Evaluation
  • Blockchain Technology in Supply Chain Management: A Study
  • Quantum Computing and Cryptography: An Investigation into Data Security
  • Computer Science and Sustainable Energy Technologies: A Review
  • Predictive Analytics for Healthcare: A Comparative Study of Data Mining Techniques
  • Autonomous Vehicles: An Exploration of Ethical and Social Implications
  • Assistive Technologies for People with Disabilities: A Critical Assessment of Computer Science Contributions.

Extended Essay Topics Global Politics

  • Assessing the effectiveness of UN peacekeeping missions in resolving conflicts
  • The impact of social media on political activism and social movements in the digital age
  • The role of international organizations in promoting human rights and humanitarian aid
  • The influence of neoliberalism on global economic policies and its impact on developing countries
  • Investigating the root causes of terrorism and strategies for combating it in the modern world
  • The impact of climate change on global politics and the role of international cooperation in addressing it
  • An Evaluation of China's Belt and Road Initiative and its impact on global economic and political power dynamics
  • The Role of soft power in shaping international relations and Diplomacy
  • Analyzing the ethical implications of drone warfare and targeted killings in contemporary warfare
  • The challenges and opportunities of refugee resettlement policies in developed countries.

Extended Essay Topics Geography

  • The relationship between tourism and environmental conservation in a specific region or national park.
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of different methods for managing and reducing plastic waste in coastal cities.
  • The impact of sea level rise on coastal communities and infrastructure in a particular location.
  • Comparing the effectiveness of different renewable energy sources for powering a specific region or country.
  • Assessing the impact of deforestation on the water cycle and water availability in a particular region.
  • Examining the impact of urbanization on the microclimate of a specific city or urban area.
  • Studying the potential impact of a future earthquake or volcanic eruption on a particular region or city.
  • What is the effectiveness of various adaptation strategies to mitigate the impact of climate change on agriculture in a particular region or country?
  • Investigating the relationship between air pollution and respiratory health in a specific urban area or region.
  • Assessing the impact of mining on the environment and local communities in a particular region or country.

Research Questions for Extended Essay 

Here is a list of research questions for extended essays:

  • To what extent has social media impacted political participation and activism among young people?
  • How does the representation of mental illness in literature reflect changing societal attitudes toward mental health over time?
  • What is the impact of the use of technology in the classroom on student learning outcomes?
  • To what extent do cultural factors shape perceptions of beauty and body image, and what are the potential negative effects of these perceptions on individuals and society?
  • How has the #MeToo movement impacted the legal and social responses to sexual harassment and assault?
  • What are the ethical implications of using artificial intelligence to make decisions in fields such as medicine or finance?
  • How has globalization impacted economic inequality both within and between countries?
  • To what extent do historical events such as colonization continue to shape contemporary social and economic disparities in certain regions or countries?
  • What is the psychological impact of exposure to violent or graphic media on children and adolescents?
  • How do cultural attitudes towards mental health differ across different regions or countries, and what are the implications of these differences for the treatment of mental illness?

Good Vs. Bad Research Questions

When creating research questions, it's important to know that they're not the same as essay topics. Good research questions have certain qualities that make them effective, while bad ones can lead to unsuccessful research. 

Let's talk about how to tell the difference!

Characteristics of a Good Extended Essay Topic

Choosing a good extended essay topic is crucial to the success of your project. Here are some characteristics to keep in mind:

  • Personal interest: Select a topic that you find interesting and fascinating. This will make the research and writing process much more enjoyable.
  • Feasibility: Choose a topic that is feasible within the given time and resource constraints. Consider factors such as access to information and availability of sources.
  • Originality: Aim for a topic that is original and unique. Avoid choosing a topic that is too broad or generic.
  • Significance: Select a topic that is significant and relevant to the subject area. The topic should have relevance beyond the extended essay itself.
  • Research potential: Choose a topic that has ample scope for research and analysis. This will ensure that you have enough material to write a comprehensive essay.

By considering these characteristics, you can select an extended essay topic that will result in a rewarding project.

How to Choose an Extended Essay Topic?

The extended essay is an opportunity to explore a topic of personal interest and develop research skills while demonstrating its understanding.

Here are some things IB students should consider when choosing an EE topic:

Understand the EE Guidelines

To choose an appropriate topic for your extended essay, you must first familiarize yourself with the requirements set by the IB program. 

You can refer to an extended essay guide for this. This will ensure that your chosen topic is within the scope of the program and meets the necessary academic standards.

Brainstorm and Narrow Down Options

Brainstorming is a crucial step in selecting an extended essay topic. Start by generating a list of ideas based on your interests and passions. 

Narrow down options by considering feasibility, resources, and research questions.

Consider Personal Interests

Selecting a topic that matches your interests can enhance your extended essay research and writing process.

Consider your strengths and weaknesses when choosing a topic to ensure successful completion of the project.

Evaluate the Feasibility and Scope of Topic

It is essential to evaluate the feasibility and scope of your chosen topic before committing to it fully. 

Consider factors such as the availability of resources, potential research questions, and the time and effort required to complete the project. Make sure that your chosen topic is manageable and realistic within the given timeframe.

By carefully picking the right topic, you can take the first step towards ensuring a good extended essay grade.

With the list of topics provided and the tips on how to choose, you are well-equipped to begin your extended essay journey. 

However, if the process still seems overwhelming, don't hesitate to reach out to our professional essay writing service for help. 

Our AI essay writer can write your extended essay on any topic you need.

Also, our writers can guide you in choosing a topic, conducting research, and crafting a well-structured essay that meets the requirements. 

With our extended essay writing service , you’ll get a top-quality essay that earns you the grade you deserve. 

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

What is a good extended essay topic.

A good extended essay topic is one that aligns with your personal interests and passions, and allows for in-depth research and analysis.

What is the easiest extended essay topic?

There is no one "easiest" extended essay topic, as the level of difficulty can vary based on individual strengths and weaknesses. However, selecting a topic that you have a strong background knowledge in can make the process easier.

Is it easy to get an A in an extended essay?

It is possible to get an A in an extended essay, but it requires a strong understanding of the chosen topic, thorough research, and well-structured writing that meets all the requirements.

Nova A. (Literature, Marketing)

As a Digital Content Strategist, Nova Allison has eight years of experience in writing both technical and scientific content. With a focus on developing online content plans that engage audiences, Nova strives to write pieces that are not only informative but captivating as well.

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472 Science Essay Topics & Good Ideas

21 July 2023

last updated

Science essay topics offer a dynamic range of disciplines, providing vast opportunities to explore, question, and elucidate natural and artificial phenomena. From the microscopic marvels of molecular biology to the cosmic mysteries of astrophysics, each field offers unique insights and challenges. Interdisciplinary subjects, like climate change, artificial intelligence, and genetic engineering, encourage critical thinking and invite complex ethical considerations. Additionally, historical perspectives on scientific revolutions, paradigm shifts, and the role of science in society can offer a better understanding of human relationships With the scientific method. Whether discussing the intricate workings of the human brain in neuroscience or the latest advancements in nanotechnology, science essay topics serve to stimulate intellectual curiosity, promote rigorous investigation, and foster an appreciation for the power and limits of scientific understanding.

Hot Science and Technology Topics

  • Exploring Quantum Computing Potential for Modern Infrastructure
  • Astronaut Health Concerns: Space Radiation Effects on Human Body
  • Biodiversity in Polar Regions: Climate Change Effects
  • Synthetic Biology and Its Implications for Medical Science
  • Biofuels: Potential for Sustainable Energy Future
  • Progress in Nanotechnology and Implications for Healthcare
  • Artificial Intelligence in the World of Finance: Opportunities and Challenges
  • Interplanetary Travel: Advances in Spacecraft Propulsion
  • Gene Editing Technology: Ethical Dilemma in CRISPR
  • Smart Cities: Internet of Things in Urban Planning
  • Harnessing Tidal Energy: Advances and Environmental Impact
  • Machine Learning and Predictive Analysis in Weather Forecasting
  • Fusion Energy: Dream or Near Future Reality?
  • Microplastics in the Food Chain: A Hidden Threat
  • Neuroprosthetics: Bridging the Gap in Neurological Disorders
  • Quantum Entanglement and Implications for Secure Communication
  • Blockchain Technology Beyond Cryptocurrency: Potential Uses
  • Mars Colonization: Challenges and Opportunities for Humanity
  • Human-Animal Hybrids: Chimeras in Biomedical Research
  • Antimicrobial Resistance: Threats and Advances in Treatment Strategies

Science Essay Topic & Good Ideas

Simple Science and Technology Topics

  • Exploring the Basics of the Solar System
  • What Makes a Rainbow? Understanding Light Refraction
  • Photosynthesis: The Lifeline of Green Plants
  • Introduction to Smartphones: Technology at Our Fingertips
  • Fundamentals of the Internet: How Does It Work?
  • Understanding the Weather: Introduction to Meteorology
  • Gravity: The Invisible Force that Keeps Us Grounded
  • Energy Conservation: Simple Methods and Benefits
  • How Do Satellites Orbit Earth? A Simplified View
  • DNA: The Blueprint of Life
  • Renewable Energy: Harnessing Sun and Wind Power
  • Chemistry in the Kitchen: Everyday Science
  • Electric Cars: Future of Transportation
  • Vaccines: Their Importance and How They Work
  • Computer Viruses: The Digital Threat
  • Artificial Intelligence: Simplified Overview
  • Light Bulbs: Incandescent vs. LED
  • Recycling: Process and Its Significance
  • Virtual Reality: Immersion Into the Digital World

Interesting Science and Technology Essay Topics

  • Unraveling the Mysteries of Quantum Computing
  • Black Holes: An Unseen Phenomenon
  • Genetic Engineering: The Possibilities and Concerns
  • Fascinating World of Augmented Reality
  • Bioluminescence: Natural Lighting in Organisms
  • Nanotechnology: Miniature Science With Huge Implications
  • Probing Into the Depths: Deep Sea Exploration
  • Life on Mars: The Quest for Extraterrestrial Existence
  • Robotics in Healthcare: A New Revolution
  • Climate Change Modeling: Predicting Our Future
  • Space Tourism: The New Frontier of Travel
  • Cybersecurity: Safeguarding Our Digital Existence
  • Artificial Photosynthesis: An Eco-Friendly Innovation
  • Human Genome Project: Decoding Our DNA
  • Internet of Things: Creating a Connected World
  • Cryptocurrency: Disrupting Traditional Finance
  • Machine Learning: Teaching Computers to Learn
  • Drones: From Warfare to Deliveries
  • Telemedicine: The Future of Healthcare
  • Synthetic Meat: A New Food Revolution

Science Research Topics for High School Students

  • Investigating the Life Cycle of a Star
  • Exploring Renewable Energy Sources
  • Delving Into Plate Tectonics
  • Acid Rain: Causes and Effects
  • Understanding Photosynthesis in Plants
  • Observing Patterns in Animal Behavior
  • Decoding the Chemistry of Cooking
  • Human Body: The Wonders of the Circulatory System
  • Solar Power: Understanding Photovoltaic Cells
  • Analyzing Weather Patterns in Your Region
  • DNA Extraction: A Hands-On Study
  • Microplastics: A Growing Environmental Concern
  • Analyzing the Physics of Sports
  • Volcanoes: Understanding Eruptive Behaviors
  • Habitat Restoration: Case Studies in Your Area
  • Food Chemistry: What Makes Popcorn Pop?
  • Earthquakes and Seismic Activity: A Geologic Study
  • Ecology: Tracking Local Bird Migrations
  • Biodiversity: Cataloging Local Flora and Fauna

Science Research Topics for Middle School

  • Mysteries of the Solar System
  • Plant Growth: Factors that Influence it
  • Chemical Reactions: Baking Soda and Vinegar
  • Unveiling the Secrets of Magnets
  • Weather Changes: Understanding the Seasons
  • Water Cycle: An Essential Life Process
  • Butterfly Transformation: A Study of Metamorphosis
  • Compost and Decomposition: Nature’s Recycling Process
  • Rocks and Minerals: A Geological Examination
  • Exploring the Basics of Electricity
  • Gravity: The Force that Keeps Us Grounded
  • The Moon and Its Phases
  • Investigating the Properties of Light
  • Animal Adaptations: Survival in Different Habitats
  • Discovering Dinosaurs: A Journey to the Past
  • Unraveling the Mystery of Rainbows
  • Earth’s Atmosphere: Layers and Their Functions
  • The Physics Behind Roller Coasters
  • Sound Waves and How We Hear
  • The Human Digestive System: From Food to Fuel

Science Research Topics for College & University Students

  • Emerging Techniques in Genetic Engineering
  • Exploring Deep-Sea Biodiversity
  • Machine Learning in Health Diagnostics
  • Novel Approaches in Renewable Energy
  • Advancements in Neuroimaging Techniques
  • Climate Change: Coral Reefs at Risk
  • New Horizons in Nanotechnology
  • Astrophysics: Unfolding the Dark Matter Mystery
  • Biomechanics in Sports Science
  • Cellular Senescence and Ageing
  • Probiotics: Gut Health and Beyond
  • Future of Quantum Computing
  • Investigating Exoplanets: Life Beyond Earth
  • Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture
  • Exploring Human Microbiome
  • Drug Resistance in Pathogens
  • New Avenues in Cancer Research
  • Bioinformatics and Genomic Data Analysis
  • The Intersection of Neuroscience and Artificial Intelligence
  • Progress in Stem Cell Therapy

Research Paper Topics on Scientific Research Methods

  • Emerging Trends in Experimental Design: A Comprehensive Review
  • Validity and Reliability of Data Collection Techniques in Social Science Research
  • Ethics in Scientific Research: Protecting Participants and Preserving Integrity
  • Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research: An In-Depth Comparative Analysis
  • Interdisciplinary Research Methods: Harnessing the Power of Diverse Perspectives
  • Mixed Method Research Design: Integration of Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches
  • Longitudinal Studies in Social Sciences: Challenges and Opportunities
  • Innovations in Meta-Analysis Techniques: A Look Into the Future
  • Improving the Reproducibility Crisis in Psychological Research: Methodological Considerations
  • Sample Size Determination: Statistical Power and Precision in Scientific Research
  • Optimizing Research Design for Field Experiments in Ecology and Environmental Science
  • Case-Control Studies: Strengthening the Foundation of Epidemiological Research
  • Critical Examination of Snowball Sampling in Sociological Research
  • Bias and Confounding in Observational Studies: Strategies for Minification
  • Utilizing Grounded Theory in Qualitative Research: Benefits and Limitations
  • Machine Learning in Research Methodology: Potentials and Pitfalls
  • Advent of Big Data Analysis: Revolutionizing Scientific Research Methods
  • Computer Simulation Methods in Theoretical Physics: Insights and Applications
  • Non-Parametric Statistical Techniques: An Unsung Hero in Scientific Research

Science Argumentative Essay Topics

  • Climate Change Consensus: Valid Scientific Agreement or Politicized Rhetoric?
  • Artificial Intelligence: Threat or Boon to Human Progress?
  • Quantum Computing: An Overhyped Technology or the Future of Computing?
  • Genetically Modified Organisms: Solution to Global Hunger or Ecological Time Bomb?
  • Legalizing Human Cloning: An Ethical Imperative or a Pandora’s Box?
  • Vaccination Skepticism: Lack of Public Trust or Failure of Science Communication?
  • Fracking Controversy: Economic Necessity or Environmental Nightmare?
  • Nanotechnology in Medicine: Lifesaver or Privacy Invader?
  • Space Exploration: Worth the Investment or Waste of Resources?
  • Animal Experimentation: Essential for Scientific Progress or Cruel Practice?
  • Plastic Waste Management: Can Biodegradable Plastics Save Our Oceans?
  • Colonizing Mars: A Future Necessity or a Fanciful Dream?
  • Gene Therapy: Miracle Cure or Playing God?
  • Neuroenhancement through Drugs: Path to Superintelligence or Ethical Quagmire?
  • Antibiotic Resistance: Poor Medical Practice or Inevitable Evolutionary Response?
  • Nuclear Energy: Solution to Climate Crisis or an Unmanageable Risk?
  • Internet of Things: Convenience Upgrade or Security Threat?
  • Stem Cell Research: Breakthrough in Medical Science or Ethical Dilemma?
  • Artificial Photosynthesis: Sustainable Energy Solution or Technological Pipe Dream?
  • Synthetic Biology: Redefining Life or Trespassing Nature’s Boundaries?

Science Fiction Essay Topics

  • Posthumanism in Science Fiction: Analyzing Projections of Human Evolution
  • Imagining Utopian and Dystopian Futures in Classic Sci-Fi Literature
  • Virtual Reality in Science Fiction: Prophetic Technology or Pure Fantasy?
  • Cyberpunk Genre: An Insight Into Societal Fears of Technological Domination
  • Artificial Intelligence in Sci-Fi: Exploring the Boundaries of Consciousness
  • Alien Cultures in Science Fiction: Reflections on Human Diversity
  • Time Travel Paradoxes: A Philosophical Examination in Sci-Fi Narratives
  • Space Colonialism in Sci-Fi: Mirroring Historical Imperialism?
  • Terraforming in Science Fiction: Feasibility and Ecological Considerations
  • Gender and Sexuality in Science Fiction: Breaking Societal Norms
  • Quantum Physics in Sci-Fi: Pseudoscience or Plausible Future?
  • Bioengineering in Sci-Fi Literature: Moral and Ethical Considerations
  • Multiverse Theory in Science Fiction: Exploration of Alternate Realities
  • Post-Apocalyptic Narratives in Sci-Fi: Reflections of Global Anxieties
  • Transhumanism in Science Fiction: Technological Enhancement and Identity
  • Ecological Themes in Science Fiction: Environmental Awareness or Fear Mongering?
  • Mental Health Depictions in Sci-Fi: Stereotypes or Progression?
  • Surveillance Society in Dystopian Fiction: Paranoia or Prediction?
  • Non-Human Intelligence in Sci-Fi: Redefining the Concept of Life
  • Nanotechnology in Science Fiction: Potential and Peril
  • Posthumanism in Science Fiction: Perspectives on Human Enhancement
  • Dystopian Futures: Analyzing Themes of Oppression in Sci-Fi Literature
  • Artificial Intelligence in Science Fiction: Constructing Consciousness
  • Cyberpunk Genre: Depictions of Society and Technology
  • Feminism in Science Fiction: Breaking Stereotypes and Pioneering Voices
  • Utopian Ideals: Deconstructing Perfect Societies in Science Fiction
  • Extraterrestrial Life in Sci-Fi: Varying Perspectives on Alien Encounters
  • Time Travel Paradoxes: A Study of Chronology in Science Fiction
  • Ecological Themes in Science Fiction: Envisioning Environmental Futures
  • Virtual Reality in Sci-Fi: Intersections of Human Experience and Technology
  • Moral and Ethical Dilemmas in Science Fiction: Navigating Grey Areas
  • Colonization and Imperialism: Interstellar Explorations in Science Fiction
  • Genetic Engineering in Science Fiction: Ethical Quandaries and Possibilities
  • Post-Apocalyptic Narratives: Survival and Society in Science Fiction
  • Science Fiction and Philosophy: Interplay of Ideas and Concepts
  • Language and Communication in Science Fiction: Alien Languages and Codes
  • Cyborgs in Science Fiction: Exploring Boundaries of Human and Machine
  • Multiverse Theory in Science Fiction: Infinite Realities and Possibilities
  • Artificial Reality in Science Fiction: Examining Perception and Existence
  • Space and Place in Science Fiction: Constructing Worlds and Environments

Environmental Science Essay Topics

  • Climate Change Adaptation: Innovative Strategies in Agriculture
  • Sustainable Urban Planning: Green Infrastructure and its Benefits
  • Microplastics in Aquatic Ecosystems: Understanding Ecological Consequences
  • Deforestation and Biodiversity Loss: Interplay and Conservation Efforts
  • Nuclear Power and Environmental Safety: Assessing Long-Term Effects
  • E-Waste Management: Challenges and Opportunities for Recycling
  • Carbon Capture and Storage: Technological Feasibility and Economic Implications
  • Permaculture Design: An Approach to Sustainable Living and Farming
  • Hydraulic Fracturing: Analyzing Environmental Costs and Energy Benefits
  • Ocean Acidification: A Hidden Consequence of Global Warming
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Livestock: Mitigation Strategies
  • Endangered Species Protection: Policy Effectiveness and Challenges
  • Renewable Energy Integration: Grid Stability and Storage Solutions
  • Invasive Species and Ecosystem Dynamics: Case Studies and Management
  • Tropospheric Ozone Pollution: Health and Environmental Concerns
  • Water Scarcity in Arid Regions: Management and Conservation Techniques
  • Sustainable Tourism: Balancing Economic Growth and Environmental Preservation
  • Geoengineering Solutions to Climate Change: Ethical and Practical Concerns
  • Landfill Waste and Biogas Production: Exploring Sustainable Energy Options
  • Ecological Footprint of Fast Fashion: Unraveling Environmental and Social Costs

Astronomy & Space Science Essay Topics

  • Exoplanetary Systems: Hunting for Earth-Like Planets
  • Pulsars and Neutron Stars: Unveiling Stellar Evolution Endpoints
  • Cosmological Models and Dark Energy: Understanding the Accelerating Universe
  • Astrobiology: Searching for Signs of Life in the Universe
  • Kuiper Belt and Oort Cloud: Investigating the Outer Solar System
  • Radio Astronomy: Probing the Invisible Universe
  • Supernovae and Cosmic Chemistry: The Creation of Heavy Elements
  • Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei: Powerhouses of the Universe
  • Gravitational Waves: A New Era in Astronomical Observations
  • Black Hole Paradoxes: Unraveling Mysteries of the Universe
  • Interstellar Medium and Star Formation: Galactic Life Cycles
  • Solar Flares and Space Weather: Protecting Satellites and Infrastructure
  • Astrophotography: Bridging Art and Science in Astronomy
  • Mars Exploration: Unveiling the Geology and Climate History of the Red Planet
  • Cosmic Microwave Background: Echoes of the Big Bang
  • Interplanetary Travel: Technical Challenges and Future Possibilities
  • Gamma-Ray Bursts: Unlocking Cosmic Mysteries With High-Energy Astronomy
  • Astrochemistry: Deciphering the Chemistry of the Universe
  • Dark Matter Search: A Decades-Long Astronomical Puzzle
  • Large Scale Structure of the Universe: Deciphering Cosmic Web

History of Science Essay Topics

  • Scientific Revolution: Understanding the Shift From Aristotelian to Newtonian Physics
  • Alchemical Traditions and the Birth of Modern Chemistry
  • Cultural Influences on the Development of Ancient Astronomy
  • Medical Practices in the Middle Ages: Between Superstition and Empiricism
  • Eugenics Movement of the 20th Century: A Dark Chapter in the History of Genetics
  • Philosophical Underpinnings of Quantum Mechanics: Historical Perspective
  • Darwin, Wallace, and the Advent of Evolutionary Theory
  • The Emergence of Ecological Thought in the 19th Century
  • History of Vaccination: From Smallpox to Modern Immunology
  • Birth of Cybernetics and the Post-War Information Age
  • Feminist Critiques in the History of Science: Addressing Androcentrism
  • Industrial Revolution and Its Effect on the Development of Geology
  • Advancements in Surgical Techniques: A Historical Review
  • Unveiling the Atomic Age: The Manhattan Project and its Consequences
  • Milestones in Space Exploration: From Sputnik to the Mars Rovers
  • Freud, Psychoanalysis, and the Revolution in Understanding the Human Mind
  • Women in Science: Overcoming Barriers and Making Contributions
  • Heliocentrism Controversy: Conflict Between Science and the Church
  • Climate Science History: Tracing the Discovery of Global Warming

Interactive Science Topics

  • Interactive Learning in Physics: Benefits of Simulation-Based Instruction
  • Human-Computer Interaction: Influence on Cognitive Development in Children
  • Incorporating Augmented Reality in Biology Education: A New Learning Paradigm
  • Interactive Data Visualization in Earth Sciences: Enhancing Student Engagement
  • Gamification in Science Education: Motivating and Enhancing Learning
  • Chemistry and Interactive Learning: Utilizing Virtual Laboratories
  • Collaborative Learning in Astronomy: Implementation of Planetarium Software
  • Touch-Based Interaction in Geology Education: Use of Tactile Models
  • Use of Interactive Whiteboards in Science Classrooms: Advantages and Challenges
  • Implementing Interactive 3D Models in Anatomy Education
  • Incorporating Virtual Field Trips in Environmental Science Learning
  • Using Mobile Applications to Enhance Field Study in Botany
  • Crowdsourcing in Citizen Science: Bridging the Gap Between Scientists and the Public
  • Interactive Space in Science Museums: Encouraging Hands-On Exploration
  • Drones in Ecology Education: An Interactive Approach to Field Study
  • Interdisciplinary Approaches in Interactive Science Education: Creating Synergy
  • Use of Virtual Reality in Physics Education: A New Learning Experience
  • Interactive Online Courses in Molecular Biology: Effectiveness and Challenges
  • Hands-On Laboratory Experiments in Home School Science Education
  • Pedagogical Approaches for Interactive STEM Learning: Case Studies and Best Practices

Microbiology Science Research Topics

  • Microbiome and Human Health: Unraveling Complex Interactions
  • Antimicrobial Resistance: Surveillance and Innovative Solutions
  • Bacteriophage Therapy: Reviving Old Approaches for New Challenges
  • Microbial Ecology in Polar Regions: Surviving Extreme Conditions
  • Pathogenomics of Emerging Infectious Diseases: Insights and Implications
  • Plant-Microbe Interactions: Harnessing Benefits for Agriculture
  • Microbial Biofilms: Formation Mechanisms and Potential Control Strategies
  • Metagenomics of Soil Microbial Communities: Unseen Biodiversity
  • Fungal Pathogens in Humans: Overcoming Diagnostic Challenges
  • Exploring Virulence Factors in Pathogenic Bacteria
  • Microbes in Bioremediation: Tackling Environmental Pollution
  • Host-Microbe Interactions in Gut: Deciphering the Dialogue
  • Virology of Retroviruses: From HIV to HTLV
  • Probiotics and Prebiotics: Assessing Therapeutic Potential
  • Microbial Genomics: Tools and Applications in Disease Outbreak Investigation
  • Understanding Mycotoxin Production in Food Spoilage Fungi
  • Exploring the Role of Microbes in Cheese Fermentation
  • Investigating Microbial Life in Extreme Environments: Lessons From Astrobiology
  • Microbial Contributions to Carbon Cycling: Unravelling Understudied Pathways
  • Microbial Forensics: Applications in Bioterrorism and Crime Investigation

Modern Technology Essay Topics

  • Artificial Intelligence Ethics: Accountability and Decision-Making
  • Augmented Reality in Education: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice
  • Biometric Technology: Privacy Concerns and Legal Implications
  • Digital Divide: Socioeconomic Factors and Access to Technology
  • Electric Vehicles: Assessing Feasibility and Sustainability
  • Facial Recognition Technology: An Invasion of Privacy or Security Necessity?
  • Genome Editing With CRISPR: Unleashing Potential or Uncontrolled Power?
  • Holography: From Science Fiction to Practical Application
  • Internet Censorship: Freedom of Speech in the Digital Age
  • Li-Fi Technology: Revolutionizing Data Transmission
  • Machine Learning in Healthcare: Prospects and Challenges
  • Nanotechnology in Medicine: Promise and Pitfalls
  • Quantum Computing: Decrypting the Future of Encryption
  • Robotic Surgery: Enhancements in Medical Procedures and Patient Outcomes
  • Smart Cities: Urban Development in the Digital Age
  • Technology in Agriculture: Innovations Transforming Farming Practices
  • Virtual Reality Therapy: A New Frontier in Mental Health Treatment
  • Wearable Technology: Shaping the Future of Personal Health Monitoring
  • 3D Printing: Disrupting Traditional Manufacturing and Construction Processes

Nature Science Essay Topics

  • Animal Communication: Deciphering Language in the Animal Kingdom
  • Biomimicry: Harnessing Nature’s Solutions for Technological Advancement
  • Conservation Efforts in Tropical Rainforests: Successes and Challenges
  • Dynamics of Food Chains: Complex Interactions in Ecosystems
  • Endangered Species: Investigating Causes and Prevention Strategies
  • Forest Fire Ecology: Understanding Regeneration After Wildfires
  • Geology of National Parks: A Journey Through Time
  • Hydrothermal Vents: Discovering Life in Extreme Environments
  • Insect Pollinators and Biodiversity: A Delicate Balance
  • Jellyfish Blooms: Unraveling Causes and Consequences
  • Kelp Forest Ecosystems: Assessing Vulnerabilities and Resilience
  • Life at High Altitudes: Animal Adaptations to Extreme Conditions
  • Migration Patterns in Birds: The Science Behind Long Distance Navigation
  • Nature’s Pharmacy: Exploring Medicinal Properties of Plants
  • Ocean Acidification: Addressing Silent Threat to Marine Ecosystems
  • Plastic Pollution in Oceans: Quantifying Effects on Marine Life
  • Quantifying Carbon Storage in Forests: Tackling Climate Change
  • Reintroduction of Wolves: Ecosystem Changes and Controversies
  • Sharks and Ecosystem Balance: Predators’ Crucial Contributions
  • Tropical Cyclones: Understanding Formation and Intensification Processes

Neuroscience Essay Topics

  • Neural Correlates of Consciousness: An Ongoing Debate
  • Brain-Computer Interfaces: Blurring the Line Between Man and Machine
  • Neurobiology of Addiction: Unraveling the Neural Circuits
  • Memory Consolidation During Sleep: Unveiling the Mechanisms
  • Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain: Debunking Old Myths
  • Parkinson’s Disease: Investigating Pathogenesis and Potential Therapies
  • Synaptic Plasticity: Foundation of Learning and Memory
  • Understanding Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Optogenetics: Shining Light on Neural Circuits
  • Neuroimmunology: Exploring the Brain-Immune System Interaction
  • Epigenetics in Neuroscience: Unveiling the Role of DNA Methylation
  • Neuroimaging Techniques: Decoding Brain Function and Structure
  • Music and the Brain: Cognitive and Emotional Responses
  • Neuroanatomy of Emotions: Dissecting the Limbic System
  • Stress and the Brain: Neurobiological Consequences of Chronic Stress
  • Neuropharmacology of Antidepressants: Mechanisms and Side Effects
  • Taste Perception: Delving Into the Gustatory System
  • Neuroethics: Moral Considerations in Neuroscience Research
  • Investigating the Neurological Basis of Language Processing

Physical Science Topics

  • Dark Matter and Dark Energy: Unseen Forces in the Universe
  • Quantum Entanglement: Unraveling Spooky Action at a Distance
  • Superconductivity: Materials and Applications in Modern Technologies
  • Understanding Gravity Waves: New Windows Into the Cosmos
  • Chemistry of Pyrotechnics: Color and Combustion
  • Thermodynamics in Biological Systems: Energy, Order, and Life
  • Astronomical Spectroscopy: Decoding Light From the Distant Stars
  • Physics of Black Holes: Exploring the Event Horizon
  • Chemical Bonding: Quantum Mechanics and Molecular Shapes
  • Nanomaterials in Energy Storage: Advances in Battery Technology
  • Quantum Computing: Tapping Into the Quantum World
  • Meteorology: Modeling and Predicting Weather Patterns
  • Chemistry of Climate Change: Understanding the Greenhouse Effect
  • Exploring Exoplanets: Methods and Discoveries
  • Physics of Sports: Analyzing Motion and Performance
  • Chemistry of Cosmetics: Understanding What’s Under the Lid
  • Astronomy and Ancient Civilizations: Celestial Navigation and Timekeeping
  • Magnetism and Its Applications in Modern Technologies
  • Plasma Physics: Understanding the Fourth State of Matter
  • Chemical Reactions at Extreme Temperatures: Probing the Limits

Political Science Essay Topics

  • Democratic Transitions in Post-Communist States: Successes and Failures
  • Campaign Finance Reform: Analyzing the Implications for Democracy
  • Internet and Politics: Social Media’s Influence on Elections
  • Foreign Aid Effectiveness: An Examination of Policy and Practice
  • Climate Change Policy: A Comparative Study of Global Responses
  • Political Polarization: Causes and Consequences in Contemporary Politics
  • Gender and Leadership in Politics: A Global Perspective
  • Media Bias in Political Reporting: Unraveling Objectivity
  • Authoritarian Resurgence: Analyzing the Reverse Wave of Democracy
  • International Trade Agreements: Political Considerations and Economic Outcomes
  • Global Migration Crisis: Political Responses and Human Rights
  • Populism in Contemporary Politics: Causes and Implications
  • Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Analyzing Policy Responses
  • Political Corruption: Identifying Causes and Finding Solutions
  • Non-State Actors in International Relations: Power Beyond States
  • Cybersecurity and Statecraft: Navigating Digital Threats in International Politics
  • Ethnic Conflict and Political Stability: Case Studies
  • Civil Disobedience: Justifying Resistance in Democratic States
  • Voting Behavior: Psychological and Sociological Factors
  • Political Theory and Artificial Intelligence: Governing the Digital Frontier

Science & Technology in Society Essay Topics

  • Digital Divide: Inequalities in Access and Use of Technology
  • Artificial Intelligence and Job Displacement: A Future Workforce
  • Gene Editing Ethics: CRISPR and the Power to Alter Life
  • Social Implications of Autonomous Vehicles: Beyond Engineering Challenges
  • Cybersecurity and Privacy: Navigating the Digital Landscape
  • Biotechnology in Agriculture: Food Security vs. Environmental Concerns
  • Technological Innovations in Healthcare: Balancing Accessibility and Costs
  • Space Commercialization: Legal and Societal Issues
  • Robotics in Elder Care: An Ethical Examination
  • Internet of Things: Societal Risks and Rewards
  • Sustainable Energy Technologies: Transitioning to a Greener Future
  • Big Data and Surveillance: The Power, Peril, and Politics
  • Social Media and Mental Health: A Growing Concern
  • Digital Diplomacy: Technology and Foreign Policy
  • E-Waste: Technological Advancements and Environmental Consequences
  • Climate Change Technology: Geoengineering and Ethical Dilemmas
  • Augmented and Virtual Reality: Social Implications and Future Trends
  • Nanotechnology: Balancing Progress With Public Health Concerns
  • Drones and Society: Privacy, Regulations, and Uses

Science Essay Questions

  • Unraveling Quantum Mechanics: How Does It Challenge Classical Physics?
  • Brain-Computer Interfaces: A Revolution in Communication or an Ethical Dilemma?
  • Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: Panacea or Pandora’s Box?
  • Climate Change: How Can Geoengineering Techniques be Effectively and Ethically Utilized?
  • Space Exploration: Should We Prioritize Deep Space Missions or Focus on Earth?
  • Synthetic Biology: What Are the Implications for Biodiversity Conservation?
  • Nanotechnology in Health: What Are the Risks and Rewards?
  • Astrobiology: How Probable is the Existence of Extraterrestrial Life?
  • Bioluminescence in Deep Sea Creatures: How and Why Does It Occur?
  • Neuroplasticity: How Does it Change Our Understanding of the Brain and Mind?
  • Genetic Engineering: How Might CRISPR Technology Transform Medicine?
  • Human Genome Project: What Are Its Long-Term Implications for Society?
  • Epigenetics: How Do Environmental Factors Influence Genetic Expression?
  • Antimicrobial Resistance: What Strategies Can Prevent a Post-Antibiotic Era?
  • Dark Matter and Dark Energy: How Do They Shape the Universe?
  • Particle Physics: What Insights Have Been Gained From the Large Hadron Collider?
  • Climate Modeling: How Reliable Are Predictions for Global Warming?
  • Stem Cells: What Are the Ethical Boundaries in Their Research and Use?
  • Forensic Science: How Reliable Is DNA Profiling in Criminal Investigations?
  • Microbiome: How Does Gut Bacteria Influence Health and Disease?

Science Essay Topics That Caused a Sensation

  • Unveiling the Human Genome: Breakthroughs and Controversies
  • Climate Change: Polarization and Denial in Scientific Discourse
  • Crispr-Cas9: The Gene-Editing Tool Revolutionizing Biology
  • Artificial Intelligence: Promises, Fears, and Realities
  • De-Extinction: Resurrecting Extinct Species Through Science
  • Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster: Lessons Learned
  • Voyager 1: Crossing the Threshold Into Interstellar Space
  • Internet Privacy and Security: Addressing Cyber Threats
  • Nanotechnology: Opportunities and Ethical Dilemmas
  • Robotics and Automation: Job Threat or Opportunity?
  • SpaceX and Private Space Travel: A New Era in Exploration
  • Plastic Pollution: Environmental Impact and Solutions
  • Vaccine Debates: Disinformation and Public Health
  • Electric Cars: Advancements and Challenges in Mass Adoption
  • Gut Microbiome: Influence on Health and Disease
  • Antibiotic Resistance: A Looming Health Crisis
  • Deepfake Technology: Manipulating Reality in the Digital Age
  • Neuralink and Brain-Computer Interfaces: Ethical Concerns
  • Machine Learning Algorithms: Bias and Fairness in Artificial Intelligence

Social Science Essay Topics

  • Online Identity: Constructing Selfhood in the Age of Social Media
  • Cryptocurrencies: Analyzing the Social Aspects of Digital Economies
  • Populism in Modern Politics: Tracing Its Rise and Implications
  • Intersectionality in Feminist Discourse: Challenges and Perspectives
  • Post-Truth Era: Understanding the Decline of Objective Facts in Society
  • Cultural Appropriation: Critical Analysis in a Globalized World
  • Disinformation and Propaganda: Influence on Democratic Processes
  • Crisis of Refugees: Societal Responses and Human Rights Issues
  • Hate Speech in Social Media: Examining Causes and Consequences
  • Universal Basic Income: A Solution for Income Inequality or a Pipe Dream?
  • Youth Activism: Examining Movements for Climate Change and Gun Control
  • Postcolonial Theory: Revisiting Histories and Power Dynamics
  • Gender and Sexuality: Deconstructing Norms in Contemporary Society
  • Cyberbullying: Social Impact and Prevention Strategies
  • Body Image and Media: Exploring the Influence on Self-Esteem and Mental Health
  • Mental Health Stigma: Uncovering Societal Attitudes and Misconceptions
  • Social Impact of Climate Change: Vulnerability and Adaptation Strategies
  • Modern Slavery: Unveiling Hidden Forms of Exploitation
  • Surveillance Capitalism: Privacy Concerns and Social Implications
  • Rise of Nationalism: Impact on Global Politics and International Relations

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  • 400+ Social Studies Topics & Ideas for Your Research Paper

Social Sciences Research Topics

400+ Social Studies Topics & Ideas for Your Research Paper

Joe Eckel

Table of contents

In a world that's always evolving, the social bonds that tie us together are constantly shifting. With these changes comes the abundance of social sciences research topics. From different societies, cultures and issues to specific social norms and customs, there is always something to study. Yet, many students find themselves staring at a blank page, not knowing where to start their exploration.

Enter this blog! We've painstakingly curated hundreds of unique social studies topics focusing on various societal aspects, cultural patterns, historical moments, and more.  Whether you're tackling an essay or need to conduct an academic research in social studies, you are sure to find an idea or two for inspiration. So, pull up a chair, get comfortable, and let's explore this list of amazing social studies research topics.

What Are Social Studies Topics?

In a nutshell, social studies is the study of people, societies and cultures. It is divided into multiple branches each offering a unique lens to view our world:

  • Anthropology
  • Psychology, etc.

Social science research topics explore how different groups interact with each other and how they shape their environment. And this blog offers just that. From the latest buzz on social media to the turning points of history, we've got you covered! Stay tuned, we are about to get started.

What Makes Social Sciences Topics Good? 

Finding the right social science research topic can feel like striking gold! But what makes social sciences research topics shine? Let's figure this out. Here’re some of the features you should account for:

  • Relevance Think about current events, social trends, or persistent societal challenges. The more relevant your topic is, the more engaging your research will be.
  • Searchability A captivating question is only as good as the information you can find to answer it. A researchable topic has enough trustworthy information available for you to delve into. Yet, it should be specific enough to keep your research focused.
  • Authenticity While it's important to build upon existing research, a good social science topic brings something new to the table. It could be a fresh perspective, an overlooked aspect, or a novel way to apply an existing theory.
  • Personal interest This feature is a bit subjective, but crucial nonetheless. If the social studies topic excites you, you will be willing to carry research out and come up with compelling insights.

Long story short, your research idea should be a blend of pertinence, originality, and personal interest. And that's exactly what you'll find in the arsenal of social studies project ideas our online essay writing service prepared for you in this blog.

How to Choose a Social Studies Topic?

When picking a topic in social studies, make sure you've got the scope and depth of the research question covered. To do so, follow these steps:

  • Brainstorm ideas Look for any themes that inspire you. These could be anything from current social trends, historical events, or psychological phenomena.
  • Do preliminary research You need to gather background information to narrow your focus. Read scholarly articles, books, or watch related content to collect data about your theme.
  • Analyze sources As you read the material, spot any data gaps, inconsistencies, or even contradictions in existing research. These gaps can often provide a fresh perspective or a new angle for your research.
  • Refine your topic Come up with a concise question to define the scope of your project.
  • Develop your hypothesis Now comes the exciting part – writing a hypothesis ! Based on all the information you've gathered so far, consider what answer or outcome you might expect from completing your research.

Now, let's dive into our list of social studies research paper topics to get your exploration started!

List of Social Studies Topics

Recognizing the importance of social studies topics, we've created this comprehensive list. Remember, these are starting points. Feel free to tweak and tailor these social studies essay topics and ideas to better suit your instructions!

  • Impact of climate change on global economies.
  • Repercussions of fake news on democracy.
  • Ethical implications of AI in society.
  • Global migration trends: Causes and consequences.
  • How has the Internet reshaped political activism?
  • Can universal basic income solve poverty?
  • Rise of populist politics in the 21st century.
  • Cultural assimilation vs cultural preservation: What's at stake?
  • Influence of social media on body image.
  • How does gentrification affect urban communities?
  • Influence of gender roles on career choices.
  • Decoding the psychology behind prejudice.
  • Internet privacy: Right or privilege?
  • How does multiculturalism shape national identity?
  • Impact of globalization on indigenous cultures .

Good Social Studies Topics

Below you can find unique social studies ideas and topics. Each one can be backed by credible data, ready to be explored. These research topic ideas are your stepping stones – feel free to adjust them according to your academic requirements.

  • Analyzing cryptocurrency's future prospects and risks.
  • Evaluating pandemic responses throughout history.
  • Impact of mandatory voting on democratic participation.
  • Effects of video games on youth behavior.
  • Examining scientific and cultural interpretations of dreams.
  • How mass media shapes public opinion.
  • Role of women in World War II .
  • Impact of climate change policies on national economies.
  • Link between educational systems and economic development.
  • Causes and impacts of overpopulation.
  • Civil rights movements across the globe.
  • Migration patterns and their influence on cultural identity.
  • Psychological factors influencing consumer behavior.
  • Effects of urbanization on biodiversity.
  • Influence of technology on interpersonal communication.

Interesting Social Studies Topics

If you're searching for something more novel to explore, here is a list of captivating social research topics. These research ideas provide an invigorating twist on familiar issues, and are sure to spark your curiosity!

  • Role of technology in reshaping education.
  • Influence of modern architecture on societal behavior.
  • Impact of globalization on language diversity.
  • Mental health awareness: Societal progress or stagnation?
  • Disparity in global access to clean water.
  • Has digitization democratized art?
  • Urban planning and its role in community wellbeing.
  • E-commerce boom : Economic benefit or environmental burden?
  • Evolution of gender representation in media.
  • Internet censorship : Protection or suppression?
  • Space exploration: Scientific pursuit or geopolitical competition?
  • Impact of online learning on student performance.
  • How does cyberbullying affect teenage mental health?
  • Influence of cultural heritage on fashion trends.
  • Rise and fall of nuclear energy: Historical analysis.

Cool Social Studies Topics

Topics in social science don’t need to be mundane. When you're digging into subjects that are unconventional and often disregarded, research becomes absorbing. Consider these social sciences topics, each inviting you to peek behind curtains, question norms, and explore the lesser-traveled paths of knowledge.

  • Cryptocurrency adoption and its economic implications.
  • Food as a cultural identifier across nations.
  • Role of podcasts in modern information dissemination.
  • Impact of the fashion industry on climate change.
  • Surveillance technology: Security boon or privacy bane?
  • Influence of music on societal norms.
  • Exploring the phenomenon of viral Internet trends.
  • Rise of telemedicine in the post-pandemic world.
  • Evolution and implications of drone technology.
  • Voluntourism: altruism or new face of colonialism?
  • Impact of biotechnology on agriculture sustainability.
  • Historical progression of LGBTQ+ rights.
  • Role of data analytics in shaping marketing strategies.
  • Influence of reality TV on perception of fame.
  • Examining the ethical boundaries of genetic engineering.

Controversial Social Science Research Topics

Conducting a study involving controversial social science topics for research can be quite thrilling. These subjects stir strong opinions, spark heated debates, and often don't have clear-cut answers. Check out these debatable topics for social studies that challenge norms and question established beliefs.

  • Should gene editing be allowed for human embryos?
  • Mandatory vaccination: Public health necessity or infringement of rights?
  • Can artificial intelligence replace the human workforce?
  • Euthanasia : A matter of compassion or violation of life?
  • Is animal testing justified for human benefits?
  • Gun control: Right to self-defense or public safety concern?
  • Should religions have influence over educational content?
  • Role of censorship in freedom of speech.
  • Is capital punishment a deterrent for crime?
  • Should governments control Internet access?
  • Income inequality : Result of economic structure or individual effort?
  • Is privacy compromised in the name of national security?
  • Can countries justify wars in the name of democracy?
  • Legalization of recreational drugs: Freedom of choice or public health disaster?
  • Are single-sex schools beneficial for education?

Funny Social Sciences Research Topics

Who says academic research has to be all serious and no fun? Adding a dash of humor can make your research more memorable. Below are funny yet insightful Social Science topics that will tickle your funny bone and stimulate your intellectual curiosity at the same time.

  • Role of humor in diplomatic relations.
  • The sociology behind superhero fandom.
  • How do lottery wins affect individuals' social status?
  • Analysis of workplace culture in sitcoms.
  • Are our shopping habits influenced by weather patterns?
  • The social implications of ' fashion faux pas '.
  • Impact of reality TV on the perception of reality.
  • Does superstition influence economic decision-making?
  • Historical analysis of famous political cartoons.
  • Impact of humor on political campaign success.
  • Social effects of viral funny animal videos.
  • Why do funny advertisements resonate more with consumers?
  • Humor as a social coping mechanism in times of crisis.
  • Do societal norms dictate what we find funny?
  • The science behind ‘ earworms ’: Why do songs get stuck in our heads?

Best Social Sciences Topics for Research

Are you looking for top-tier research topics for social science? We've got your back. These subjects are not just relevant to our times, but they are also rich in resources for deep exploration. Look through these standout social studies project topics that promise robust discussions.

  • Role of NGOs in shaping public policy.
  • Media's influence on body image across cultures.
  • Impact of colonization on contemporary political structures.
  • Social implications of multilingualism.
  • Evolution of gender roles in society.
  • The effect of urban design on community interaction.
  • Is there a link between poverty and crime rates?
  • Cultural factors influencing dietary habits.
  • Decoding the sociocultural impact of folklore and myths.
  • Historical analysis of migration patterns and their effects.
  • Psychological implications of living in a digital world.
  • Role of art in social and political movements .
  • Correlation between education level and political participation.
  • Influence of social media on interpersonal relationships.
  • Studying the societal impacts of aging populations.

Social Studies Topics for Students

Whether you're a novice scholar or a seasoned academic, below you'll find a plethora of social study topics tailored to your level of study. We've carefully curated these subjects, from the simpler to the more complex, making your search easier. So, gear up and get ready to discover special topics in social studies for students. From middle and high school social studies topics to university research ideas, you will definitely find what you are browsing for.

Social Studies Topics for Middle School

Exploring social studies topics can be challenging for middle schoolers. In middle school, you are not expected to show solid analytical skills. Yet, you still need to come up with a great research topic. To make the process easier, we've compiled some middle school social studies topics. These ideas are perfect for inspiring your own unique project!

  • How do holidays teach us about cultures?
  • Why are team sports important in school?
  • Why should every person vote when they are old enough?
  • How has the Internet changed the way we talk to each other?
  • Why are historical landmarks important to our town or city?
  • What role do newspapers play in our daily life?
  • How does buying locally grown food help our community?
  • How does weather affect our daily activities?
  • Do school uniforms unite us or make us all the same?
  • How do cartoons influence kids?
  • What does our local government do for us?
  • How do public parks benefit our health?
  • What does our school cafeteria food say about our eating habits?
  • Are video games helpful or harmful for kids?
  • How does recycling help our planet?

Social Studies Topics for High School

At high school, you are expected to display a higher level of critical thinking. That's why below we've gathered more challenging social studies topics for high school students. Take a look at these ideas – they should help you develop your own project!

  • Role of teenagers in promoting environmental conservation.
  • Understanding income inequality within your local community.
  • Impact of volunteering on personal development.
  • Fast fashion: An exploration of its societal implications.
  • Role of music in shaping cultural identity.
  • Influence of graphic novels on youth culture.
  • How does architecture reflect societal changes?
  • Examining the impact of " cancel culture ."
  • Role of community libraries in the digital age.
  • Impact of food deserts on health outcomes.
  • Influence of language diversity in classrooms.
  • Examining the trend of urban gardening.
  • Social implications of virtual reality technology.
  • Understanding the role of local farmers' markets.
  • The cultural impact of street art in cities.

Social Studies Topics for College Students

College scholars, now it’s your turn! You're at a stage where you're encouraged to engage with complex themes that test your capacity for in-depth research, critical analysis, and independent thought. You should aim to show your ability to critically examine different societal dynamics, interlinking various aspects of social sciences. Here are some social science topics for research papers suiting a college level.

  • Impact of income disparity on societal stability.
  • Analyzing the " gig economy " and worker rights.
  • Understanding the sociology of leisure.
  • Exploring the culture of political satire.
  • How do environmental policies affect local industries?
  • Rise of mindfulness: A societal response to stress?
  • Impact of universal basic income on society.
  • Does 'screen-time' change interpersonal communication?
  • Social dynamics of homelessness.
  • Role of museums in preserving cultural heritage.
  • Examining cyber-bullying and mental health.
  • Intersectionality and its role in social justice movements.
  • Ethical implications of data collection and privacy.
  • How has pandemic influenced societal norms and behaviors?
  • Exploring cultural implications of space exploration.

Social Sciences Topics for University Students 

University scholars, step up! Your task now is to grapple with themes that demand extensive research, intricate analysis, and mastery of your chosen field. Your studies should demonstrate not only your understanding of social phenomena, but also your ability to critique and contribute to existing scholarly debates. Here are novel research topics in social sciences to push your intellectual boundaries.

  • Transformation of privacy in the digital age.
  • Political implications of memes culture.
  • Ecotourism's effect on local economies.
  • Social consequences of binge-watching culture.
  • Impact of DIY culture on traditional industries.
  • Virtual reality as a socializing platform.
  • Bioethics in the posthumanism era.
  • Veganism as a social movement.
  • Longevity research and societal structures.
  • Urban farming and food security.
  • Cryptocurrency adoption and economic structures.
  • Telehealth services and healthcare accessibility.
  • Virtual influencers and consumer culture.
  • Digital nomadism and its economic implications.

Social Science Research Topics by Subjects

Apart from the social science topics given above, you can further narrow down your choices by looking at specific social study subjects. Here you'll find a variety of social sciences topics for research in disciplines such as anthropology, economics, history, psychology and sociology. Dig deeper into your specialized field with these inspiring prompts!

Social Studies Ideas on Politics

Politics is all about the theory and practice of governance. It involves the analysis of political systems, behavior, and activity. This branch of social sciences covers a wide range of issues from global affairs to local policy-making. Our coursework writers brought together these social scientific research topics to fuel your critical thought and inspire your political research.

  • Diplomatic strategies in contemporary conflicts.
  • Grassroots movements and their success factors.
  • Lobbying as a tool in modern democracies.
  • Analyzing the gender gap in political representation.
  • Evolution of political satire in the media.
  • Cyber warfare and international relations.
  • Rise of populist movements globally.
  • Political symbolism in public spaces.
  • Environmental policies across different regimes.
  • Decoding the politics of language.
  • Do referendums truly reflect public opinion?
  • Political implications of data privacy breaches.
  • The phenomenon of political dynasties.
  • Shifts in political landscapes post-pandemics.
  • Role of political cartoons in shaping opinions.

>> View more: Political Science Research Topics

Social Studies Research Topics on Law

Law studies the system of rules that regulate behavior and ensure order in society. It encompasses everything from constitutional rights to international treaties, from business contracts to criminal justice. Here are 15 research ideas to ignite your legal eagerness. Choose the most fitting law topic for social studies and see if you need any term paper help from professionals. 

  • Cybercrime legislation and its loopholes.
  • Legal perspectives on climate change.
  • Reparation laws and historical injustices.
  • Space exploration and legal implications.
  • Comparative study of divorce laws worldwide.
  • Restorative justice in modern legal systems.
  • Intellectual property rights in digital era.
  • Legal challenges of autonomous vehicles.
  • Role of AI in legal decision-making.
  • Prison reform laws across countries.
  • Legal ramifications of data breaches.
  • Regulation of genetic engineering.
  • Wildlife laws and animal rights.
  • Legal issues surrounding digital currencies.
  • Defining human rights in virtual realities.

>> Read more: Legal Research Paper Topics

Social Sciences Research Topics on Economics

Economics is the science that studies how people make decisions when it comes to utilizing scarce resources. Its principles shed light on issues such as inequality, poverty, consumer behavior, and global trade. Here are some intriguing social studies research topics in economics :

  • Economies of video game industries.
  • Economics behind professional sports.
  • Fashion industry and economic trends.
  • Influence of music festivals on local economies.
  • Role of microfinance in poverty reduction.
  • Economics of endangered species protection.
  • Carbon pricing and its effectiveness.
  • Understanding the coffee trade market.
  • Food waste and its economic implications.
  • Bitcoin mining and its economic costs.
  • Dark web economy.
  • Economics of longevity and aging populations.
  • Water scarcity and its economic implications.
  • Impact of tourism on local economies.
  • Economics of the global arms trade .

Social Sciences Topics for Research in Communication

Communication is a complex study that seeks to understand how we interact with each other and the world. It looks at various aspects of interpersonal communication, from language and media to digital spaces. From the use of rhetoric to exploring communication patterns in groups, these topics for social studies will help you get started on your communication project.

  • Evolution of memes as communication.
  • Role of emojis in modern communication.
  • Communication patterns in virtual reality.
  • Miscommunication: Causes and consequences.
  • Body language in different cultures.
  • Communication strategies in successful startups.
  • Importance of listening in effective communication.
  • Deconstructing political rhetoric.
  • Impact of censorship on information dissemination.
  • Information overload in the digital age.
  • Role of storytelling in marketing.
  • Crisis communication in natural disasters.
  • Communication barriers in multicultural societies.
  • Impact of deep fakes on communication.
  • Decoding non-verbal communication in politics.

>> Read more: Communication Research Topics

Social Science Topics on History

History is the social study of past events and their influence on the present and the future. From ancient civilizations to recent geopolitical shifts, history research topics give context to our collective experience. Discover these research topics in social studies focusing on historical aspects.

  • Food culture in medieval Europe.
  • Influence of pirate communities on maritime laws.
  • Role of fashion in 1920s America.
  • Art as propaganda during the Cold War.
  • Coffee houses and the Enlightenment period.
  • Influence of Roman architecture on modern cities.
  • Graffiti and urban culture evolution.
  • Impact of radio on World War II propaganda.
  • Influence of jazz on the Civil Rights Movement.
  • History of the global perception of tattoos.
  • Role of women in Victorian society.
  • Impact of the printing press on the Renaissance.
  • Iconic design trends of the 20th century.
  • History of the concept of privacy.
  • World War I and the evolution of modern medicine.

Anthropology Topics in Social Studies

Anthropology is a study of human societies and cultures across time and space. It investigates how people's behaviors, beliefs, and institutions are shaped, exploring everything from ancient civilizations to modern urban societies. The field of anthropology is like a melting pot of social studies, bearing witness to the diversity of human experience. Browse these research topics of social studies that reflect the richness of this discipline:

  • Rituals and social cohesion in indigenous tribes.
  • Cultural adaptation in immigrant communities.
  • Tattoos as identity markers across cultures.
  • Matrilineal societies and gender roles.
  • Food taboos and their social implications.
  • Body language and non-verbal communication in different cultures.
  • Music as a cultural unifier in African societies.
  • Role of folk tales in cultural preservation.
  • Impact of urbanization on tribal communities.
  • Cultural beliefs influencing health practices.
  • Graffiti as an urban subculture.
  • Spirituality and healing in Eastern cultures.
  • Cultural appropriation vs cultural appreciation.
  • Influence of pop culture on language evolution.
  • The interplay between culture and fashion.

Social Studies Topics on Culture

Culture is an interesting study area within social sciences, dealing with human behavior, beliefs, values, norms, and artifacts that constitute people's way of life. This branch examines how societies define their identities, express themselves, and interact with other cultures. Whether you're fascinated by cultural shifts or intercultural communication, there are plenty of topics of social science to explore. Check out these ideas for example:

  • Nurturing cultural diversity in globalized cities.
  • Virtual communities and digital cultures.
  • Culinary traditions as cultural diplomacy.
  • Impact of cinema on cultural stereotypes.
  • Cyberculture and its role in shaping modern societies.
  • Cross-cultural misunderstandings and their resolution.
  • Artistic expressions of cultural resistance.
  • Sports as a unifying cultural element.
  • Cultures of silence : A look at unspoken norms.
  • Exploration of meme culture.
  • Body modifications and cultural connotations.
  • Social dynamics in online gaming culture.
  • Understanding fan culture and celebrity worship.
  • Rituals of birth and death across cultures.
  • Hip-hop culture and its global influence.

Topics in Social Studies Research on Religion

Religion is a complex element of human societies, examining the beliefs and practices of many groups. Analyzing religion from a social science perspective requires research into its history, function, and impact on culture. Here are some exciting social science research topics to explore in your project on religion:

  • Role of religious charities in community development.
  • Evolution of atheism in the 21st century.
  • Secularization and modern society.
  • Religion in virtual reality: An emerging trend?
  • Spirituality in the workplace: A new norm?
  • New age movements and modern spirituality.
  • Comparative analysis of creation stories.
  • Religion in science fiction literature.
  • Faith healing practices across cultures.
  • Environmentalism as a new form of spirituality?
  • Role of religion in conflict resolution.
  • Syncretic religions and cultural fusion.
  • Influence of celebrity religious endorsements.
  • Religious iconography in popular culture.
  • Religion and mental health: An exploration.

Social Sciences Topics for Research in Philosophy

Philosophy encourages critical thinking and provides answers to fundamental questions about life. Philosophical research can be a rewarding challenge for college and university scholars. Take a look at these thought-challengingsocial study topics and ideas for your project.

  •  Artificial Intelligence and ethical considerations.
  • Analyzing Stoicism in modern society.
  • Existentialism in contemporary literature.
  • Understanding determinism in a technological era.
  • Bioethics : Morality in medical advancements.
  • Veganism as a philosophical belief?
  • Postmodern philosophy: A critical analysis.
  • Nihilism and its portrayal in pop culture.
  • Virtue ethics in business practices.
  • Exploration of truth: A subjective perspective?
  • Human rights: Universal or culturally relative?
  • Philosophy behind climate change denial.
  • Rationality versus emotion in decision-making.
  • Feminist philosophy: Key tenets and evolution.
  • Space exploration: Ethical dimensions and implications.

>> View more: Philosophy Research Paper Topics

Social Study Topics on Psychology

Psychology investigates the complexities of human behavior, mind, and emotions, serving as a bridge between social studies and natural sciences. It's an expansive field, with myriad facets ranging from developmental psychology to neuropsychology. The topics in psychology can be incredibly diverse, mirroring the intricacy of the human mind. Here are original social science research questions that you can consider for your study in psychology:

  • Mindfulness and stress reduction: A correlation?
  • Adoption and its effects on child psychology.
  • Developmental advantages of bilingual education.
  • Dopamine fasting: An analysis of its psychological effects.
  • Emotional intelligence in leadership roles.
  • Color psychology in marketing and advertising.
  • Impact of sleep quality on cognitive function.
  • Virtual reality as a tool in phobia treatment.
  • Autism spectrum disorders: Advancements in understanding.
  • Psychological resilience: Nature or nurture?
  • Psychological triggers of impulse buying behavior.
  • Art therapy: Efficacy in mental health treatment.
  • Psychological aspects of pain perception.
  • Stereotype threat and its effects on performance.
  • Psychology behind procrastination.

Topics for Social Science Research on Sociology

Sociology deals with human societies and interactions, focusing on patterns, trends, and social structures. It offers insights into group behavior, societal change, and the factors that influence them. Get ready for your next project in sociology with these carefully selected social studies topics. Remember, these are merely suggestions; you're encouraged to adapt them to your own interests.

  • Deviance in corporate culture: An exploration.
  • Intersectionality and social inequality.
  • Role of social media in modern protests.
  • Sociological perspectives on homeschooling.
  • Gentrification: Communities in transition.
  • Is fashion reflective of societal values?
  • Intergenerational trauma and its effects on identity.
  • Social media applications of the bystander effect.
  • The sociology of conspiracy theories.
  • ​​Adolescent development in multicultural contexts.
  • Impact of migration on host communities.
  • Analysis of societal reaction to pandemics.
  • Hyper-consumerism and its effects on modern society.
  • Racial disparities in educational outcomes.

>> More ideas: Sociology Research Topics

Social Sciences Research Paper Topics on Social Work 

Social work examines the dynamics of social relationships and human behavior, utilizing research-based evidence to inform practice. It covers a wide range of topics related to social welfare, including social justice, public health, policy advocacy, service delivery systems, and more. Consider these research topics for social studies related to social work:

  • Strategies to support homeless populations beyond shelters.
  • Importance of empathy in societal support structures.
  • Mental health literacy in social work.
  • Vicarious trauma and its implications for professionals in helping roles.
  • How society can better support the aging population.
  • Addressing domestic violence through community initiatives.
  • Poverty alleviation strategies in social work.
  • Child labor - societal consequences and preventative measures.
  • Tackling youth crime through proactive community programs.
  • Evolution of refugee support in contemporary society.
  • Challenges in serving indigenous populations.
  • Racism and discrimination in social work practice.
  • Approaches to combat human trafficking in local communities.
  • Suicide prevention strategies in social work.
  • Addressing unemployment through innovative community initiatives.

>> View more: Social Work Research Topics

Social Scientific Research Topics on Gender Studies 

Gender studies analyzes how our identities and societal roles are shaped by perceptions of gender. In contemporary society, various genders face different challenges due to their associated social norms and expectations. Here are some research topics for social studies related to gender:

  • Intersectionality in feminist movements.
  • Representation of women in global politics.
  • Role of masculinity in modern society.
  • LGBTQ+ representation in the media.
  • Influence of culture on gender norms.
  • Impact of transgender rights movements.
  • Are gender norms changing in sports?
  • Sexism in the workplace: Understanding its roots.
  • Role of education in breaking gender stereotypes.
  • Effects of gender bias in medical research.
  • Influence of religion on gender perceptions.
  • Non-binary identities: Cultural acceptance and legal issues.
  • Do gender roles impact mental health?
  • Body image: Societal expectations and personal struggle.
  • How does technology affect gender equality?

Social Studies Topics on Linguistics

Linguistics is the science of language and its many aspects. It covers topics such as how to learn a language, language change, and language variation across cultures. Here are some social science research topic ideas in linguistics that you might like:

  • Impact of the digital age on language evolution.
  • Influence of bilingualism on cognitive development.
  • Role of dialects in shaping regional identities.
  • Preservation of endangered languages: Why and how?
  • Language acquisition: Nature versus nurture debate.
  • Influence of language on perception of reality.
  • Language in advertising: Power and persuasion.
  • Politics of language: Policy and identity.
  • Code-switching and cultural identity.
  • Role of language in social stratification.
  • Artificial Intelligence and language learning.
  • How does language influence thought?
  • Language discrimination and societal biases.
  • Forensic linguistics: Role in justice system.
  • Impact of immigration on language diversity.

Extra Ideas & Topics in Social Studies

So, you know how some topics for social studies just don't quite fit into neat academic boxes? Well, we have a bunch of those in social sciences. They crisscross different areas like society, culture, politics, you name it. We've got a bunch of these social studies project ideas coming up next. They're a bit of a mix, but that's what makes them so interesting. Let's jump right in and check them out.

Social Studies Topics on War

War and conflict are inevitable parts of human history, with far-reaching ramifications. Social science research in this area can explore a range of topics from causes of war to peacekeeping strategies. Look at these  ideas that you could consider for your project:

  • Impact of psychological warfare on societies.
  • Cyber warfare: New battlegrounds.
  • Influence of drone technology in conflicts.
  • Propaganda as a tool of conflict.
  • Civilian life in zones of conflict.
  • Post-conflict reconstruction and societal healing.
  • Child soldiers : A hidden tragedy?
  • Pacifism movements in face of aggression.
  • Role of international organizations in conflict resolution.
  • Environmental cost of military confrontations.
  • Role of women in resistance movements.
  • Effect of conflicts on educational systems.
  • Healthcare challenges in war-torn regions.
  • Economic implications of arms trade.
  • How do conflicts shape national identity?

Social Science Research Topics on Conflict

Conflict resolution is a crucial skill in both personal and professional relationships. Social science research can explore strategies for mitigating conflicts and managing disagreements. We’ve prepared some social studies topics for research on conflict management.

  • Influence of resource scarcity on global tensions.
  • Diplomacy's role in international relations.
  • Ethnic tensions and societal stability.
  • Power dynamics in negotiation processes.
  • Is effective leadership key to resolving disputes?
  • Border disputes and their effect on local communities.
  • Economic inequality as a source of unrest.
  • How does religion contribute to global tensions?
  • Cybersecurity threats and international relations.
  • Migration patterns influenced by global tensions.
  • Role of international law in territorial disputes.
  • Impact of cultural differences on diplomatic relations.
  • Influence of mass media on international disputes.
  • How can education contribute to peacebuilding?
  • Effect of political ideologies on international relations.

Social Studies Research Topics on Justice

Justice is an essential part of society, guaranteeing fairness and order. Research in this field can examine questions such as how justice systems should operate and what the role of punishment should be. Consider these social sciences research paper topics concerning social justice:

  • Investigating wrongful convictions: Causes and implications.
  • Role of technology in ensuring fair trials.
  • Environmental law and its enforcement.
  • How do socioeconomic factors influence legal outcomes?
  • Examining the concept of restorative punishment.
  • Prison reform and rehabilitation processes.
  • Public perceptions of law enforcement.
  • Influence of culture on legal systems.
  • Impacts of immigration laws on communities.
  • Balancing national security and individual rights.
  • Human rights in international law.
  • Disparities in sentencing: A case study.
  • Cybercrime and its implications for legal systems.
  • Child protection laws and their effectiveness.
  • Hate crime legislation: Comparative analysis.

>> More ideas: Criminal Justice Topics for Research Papers

Social Studies Fair Project Ideas

Social studies fairs provide an ideal platform to explore and display interesting projects on social issues. Here are some project ideas for social studies that you could develop further:

  • Music and mood: Create a survey to study the influence of different music genres on people's emotions and behavior, display results using charts or infographics.
  • Global games: Construct a visual exhibit of traditional games from various cultures, showing rules, equipment, and cultural significance.
  • Social media and self-image: Conduct a survey on social media's impact on body image among peers, visualize data with charts or a 3D model.
  • Local climate change effects: Showcase changes in local weather patterns, plant or animal behavior with photographs, charts, and maps over time.
  • School lunch around the world: Prepare a visual comparison of typical school lunches in different countries, focusing on nutrition, diversity, and food culture.
  • Historical fashion show: Design and create outfits representing different periods in history, showing the evolution of fashion.
  • Mapping local immigration: Use local census data to show patterns of immigration in your community over time, illustrate this on a large map.
  • Food waste awareness: Monitor food waste in your school cafeteria for a week and present the results in an eye-catching way.
  • Understanding local politics: Create a simplified flowchart of how local government works, based on interviews or research.
  • Disaster preparedness: Create a hands-on display showing what to include in a disaster preparedness kit, and why.

Bottom Line on Social Studies Research Paper Topics

Social studies are an essential part of education, allowing us to gain a better understanding of the world we live in. Whether you’re researching social sciences topics on politics, economics, history or anything else related to society, make sure to think outside the box. We hope this list gave you some inspiration for your next project! If you are experiencing any struggles with your research, don't hesitate to contact our service.

Hand over your academic challenges to our seasoned writers. TWe hire only top academic professionals with proven qualifications so you can order a research paper or even buy thesis . Delegate your detailed instructions, and our professionals will do the rest.


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100+ IB extended essay topic ideas for your ease


Table of contents

  • Writing Metier

The International Baccalaureate is an educational foundation that has reached all over the world. It was founded in the year 1968, and ever since, it offers several different educational programs to 1.4 billion IB students all over the world. One of the very important requirements of an IB diploma is the extended essay. This really helps bring up the total score. And one problem students face here is gathering ideas for their IB extended essay. Here is some guiding information that can help with extended essay topics.



The first and the most important thing is to come up with an idea for it. When people come up with the right idea for it, they can work hard and make their way through this. The same with IA and EE – a good extended essay can only be written when the right topic is selected. If you do not select the right topic you want to focus on, the chances of failing your extended essay are way higher.

Once the topic is selected, further information can be gathered on it. However, the prompt that you are working o n should be one that you are very well aware of. Not just that, but you should also be extremely interested in the topic. Only then can you work very well on this topic.

IB Extended Essay Layout

There are mainly six elements in the essay layout. The first part is the title page. Here, the research question is written, along with the subject and the category. The total word count needs to also be mentioned here. The next part is the content page. This is the one that is right at the beginning. It has all the headings along with the page numbers as well.

Then, next comes the introduction. Here, the scope and focus of the research is written. Alongside that, the sources that are used and the main argument that is going to be presented is also written. Next comes the main part of the essay, which is the body of the essay. This is the part where the research and the analysis s done. The evaluation also comes here, where the student is supposed to give his own viewpoint here. The argument should be developed in a coherent fashion here. Everything should be in the right order as well here.

Meanwhile, if you are interested in writing IB extended essay, please check the article that describes in detail how long it takes to write an IB EE . And never forget that an extended essay should be up to 4000 words , around 14-15 pages of content.

After this is done, the conclusion part comes. Here, the argument is summarized. Not just that, but any limitations of the research and also any unsolved issues are highlighted here. Towards the end comes the bibliography of the essay. Once the student chooses the academic style of references, the references are written in the correct order.

Other sections that can be added in the essay include the methodology and the appendix. The appendix is where the extra material is written. The methodology is where the entire part of the essay that describes the way that information is gathered. According to the latest requirements , no abstract is needed.

IB Extended Essay Topics

good ee topics

Ready to get good EE topics? Here are a few ideas to work on, for all of those who are looking to get some inspiration for their IB extended essay topic.

Let’s begin with a few generic topic ideas that you can work on.

General EE topic ideas

  • What role does culture play in shaping norms in society?
  • How can we change the way we think and respond to different situations?
  • How can we move from being victims of circumstance to fighters?
  • What factors make great leaders?
  • What is the role that leaders play in the modern day and age in shaping the world?
  • What factors constitute good parenting?
  • What factors affect the value of knowledge in society?
  • How does knowledge make us better people?
  • How does our thinking affect the way that we view others?
  • What is the role that patriarchy plays in depriving women of their rights?
  • What countries have the highest living standards currently and why?
  • How can we make smooth progress in our careers?
  • What is the key to effective relationships?
  • What role does open communication play in our daily lives?
  • How can we become more effective listeners?
  • How can we motivate ourselves to work harder and do better?
  • How can managers create synergy in work groups?
  • What is the role of trust when it comes to team building?
  • What is the science behind habit building?
  • How does spirituality affect our relationship with ourselves?

Like we have mentioned previously with capstone project topics and ideas for comparison essays , here are a few specific examples of topics based on certain groups. I’ll be focusing on general IB groups of studies.

Group 1: Studies in Language and Literature Essay Topics

  • What are the factors that affect specific political campaigns?
  • How has the use of language been effective in feminist protests?
  • How has media shaped the view of female beauty?
  • How is American English different from British English?
  • How are gender roles seen in the novel Macbeth?
  • How are gender roles portrayed in the novel the Great Gatsby?
  • How is Shakespeare’s style of writing different from others?
  • How does William Wordsworth play with words?
  • How much of the English language is borrowed from other languages?
  • How has the portrayal of women in English literature evolved over time?

Group 2: Language acquisition, including classical languages Essay Topics

  • How rich is Mandarin in meaning?
  • What role does innovative technology play in the learning of new languages?
  • How are new teaching methods being used in different stages of education?
  • How should a modern foreign language essay work in high school?
  • How can teaching styles differ when we talk about non native students?
  • What can be done to make education more valuable for non native students?
  • How can the classroom become more inclusive for non native students?
  • What are the different teaching methods that can be used for foreign language classes?
  • What are the modern means of teaching Mandarin at universities these days?
  • How important is it to learn different foreign languages?

Group 3: Individuals and societies Essay Topics

  • How has the role of women changed in society?
  • How does mainstream society reflect patriarchy?
  • What can women do for social mobility and why?
  • How much of our sex affects our ability to achieve?
  • What can be done to overcome inequality in society?
  • What can be done to overcome corruption in society?
  • How has criminality affected societies in the modern day and age?
  • What are we as a society doing for sustainable development and how?
  • How has bullying in schools become a normal culture?
  • What measures can be taken to deal with corruption in society?

Check this article for those who are also interested in how to write an IB Environment System and Societies IA . Enjoy reading it, and now let’s get back to the article.


Group 4: the sciences essay topics.

  • Can the climate affect the growth of plant X?
  • What effect does climate change have on the growth of plants?
  • Do iron intake diets differ in different countries?
  • How does brushing teeth affect the pH in the mouth?
  • Can caffeine in coffee be reduced?
  • Can caffeine in tea be reduced?
  • What are the factors that affect iodine values in cooking oils?
  • How does temperature affect the viscosity of Coke?
  • What role do antioxidants play in our bodies?
  • How does photosynthesis affect the climate?

Group 5: Mathematics Essay Topics

  • What mathematical equations are applied in the navigation of stars?
  • What role does geometry play in the navigation of stars?
  • How are exponential functions used in physics?
  • How are exponential functions used in geology?
  • How are exponential functions used in anthropology?
  • How are exponential functions used in demography?
  • How is Pythagoras’s theorem applied in real world situations?
  • How does the Pythagoras’s theorem help the construction world?
  • How is the exponential function used in age and growth?
  • How does Archimedes’ calculation of circular areas work?

Group 6: The Arts Essay Topics

  • How is technology used for different types of art forms?
  • What are the different artistic styles of modern art?
  • What does Picasso’s style of art say about him?
  • How do political cartoons reflect certain ideologies?
  • What role does globalization play in contemporary art?
  • How to analyze abstract paintings?
  • Do paintings really speak volumes about the painter?
  • How does modern art differ from traditional art?
  • How does art reflect a person’s ideology?
  • How is activism reflected in modern art?

Group 7: Interdisciplinary Essay Topics

  • How can dead languages be revived again?
  • What role does anthropology play in making us understand different languages?
  • How has our society evolved over time to become more progressive?
  • How deep rooted is masculinity in our society?
  • What role do gender roles play in shaping society?
  • How can we understand the science behind class differences?
  • Is there a relationship between human language and animal language?
  • How does bilingualism affect our understanding of things?
  • How can we learn living languages?
  • How can governments play a role in reducing the social burden in society?

Group 8: History Essay Topics

  • How can historians work on their ways of getting more authentic data?
  • Were Hitler’s ways of doing things highly effective?
  • How did Germany get transformed during the time of Hitler?
  • How can we check the reliability of historic information?
  • What are the reasons for world dominance in modern history?
  • What do old human settlements teach us about the ways that people lived earlier on in time?
  • What kind of a ruler was Mao Zedong?
  • How did the partition of the subcontinent happen?
  • Why should we rely on more than one source for historic information?
  • How can we tell if a historical source is biased?

These are a few topic ideas that you can choose from.

Choose your IB extended topic wisely

So, if you are in one of the certified IB schools , I wish you good luck with writing your IB EE. To write an effective extended essay , make sure that you are very passionate about the topic that you choose!

Oh, almost forgot – do not hesitate to contact our team, in case you need any sort of assistance from expert IB writers with it.

Vasy Kafidoff

Vasyl Kafidoff is a co-founder and CEO at WritingMetier. He is interested in education and how modern technology makes it more accessible. He wants to bring awareness about new learning possibilities as an educational specialist. When Vasy is not working, he’s found behind a drum kit.

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Extended Essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences Topics

The purpose of the EE in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences is to offer you an avenue for in-depth research. Through this process, you will be able to develop a comprehensive understanding of specific aspects related to these subjects, and contribute to existing knowledge by presenting your findings in a scholarly manner.

The importance of the EE lies in its ability to nurture independent thinking, critical analysis, and effective communication. By undertaking this challenging task, you will not only refine your research skills but also gain insights into your personal areas of interest within the field of sports, exercise, and health sciences.

The relevance of the EE lies in its capacity to explore diverse topics within this subject area. Whether you are interested in the physiological effects of exercise on the human body, the impact of sports on mental health, or the role of nutrition in enhancing athletic performance, the EE provides the scope for investigating these intriguing themes.

Moreover, the field of Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences is dynamic and continues to evolve. It encompasses various interdisciplinary aspects such as biology, psychology, sociology, and biochemistry, allowing you to explore connections and interactions among different disciplines.

By embarking on your Extended Essay journey, you will not only cultivate your intellectual curiosity but also obtain valuable skills that will benefit your future endeavors. The research, critical thinking, and presentation methodologies you employ throughout the process will equip you with tools applicable in higher education and professional settings.

So, dear reader, get ready to dive into the world of Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences through the Extended Essay . By the end of this exciting journey, you will have gained a deep understanding of a chosen topic, contributed to existing knowledge, and enhanced your skill set.

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Extended Essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences Topics

  • The impact of different training programs on athletic performance in specific sports.
  • An analysis of the effectiveness of sports psychology techniques in enhancing athletes’ mental performance.
  • The relationship between nutrition and athletic performance: A comparative study of different dietary approaches.
  • The effects of exercise on cardiovascular health and its implications for different age groups.
  • A comparative study of injury rates and prevention strategies in contact and non-contact sports.
  • The influence of gender on performance and participation rates in specific sports.
  • The effectiveness of different recovery strategies in optimizing athletes’ post-competition performance.
  • The role of technology in sports performance analysis and training optimization.
  • An investigation into the psychological and physiological factors contributing to athletes’ peak performance under pressure.
  • The impact of environmental factors on athletes’ performance in various sports.
  • A comparative analysis of training methods in endurance sports: Long-distance running vs. cycling.
  • The effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on improving fitness levels and health outcomes.
  • A study of the relationship between exercise and mental health, focusing on depression and anxiety.
  • The impact of team dynamics and cohesion on sports performance: A case study of a successful team.
  • The physiological differences between male and female athletes and their implications for sports performance.
  • A comparative study of the effectiveness of physical therapy and sports medicine in treating sports-related injuries.
  • The influence of culture on sports participation and attitudes towards physical activity.
  • An investigation into the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sports and their ethical implications.
  • The role of sports in promoting social inclusion and community development.
  • The impact of technology in monitoring and optimizing athletic performance: Wearable devices and data analysis.

Selecting a Suitable Research Question

In the Extended Essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences, formulating a well-focused research question is of utmost significance. A strong research question sets the foundation for your entire essay, guiding your exploration and determining the direction of your research. It not only demonstrates your understanding of the subject but also showcases your critical thinking skills.

When choosing a topic related to sports, exercise, and health sciences, it is essential to consider your interests, as this will ensure your passion and motivation throughout the research process. Start by reflecting on the areas that fascinate you within these subjects – whether it’s a specific sport, a particular health condition, or an area of exercise science that ignites your curiosity. This personal connection will make your research experience more enjoyable and enriching.

Additionally, think about the impact you aspire to make with your research. Are you interested in shedding light on emerging trends in sports psychology? Or do you want to investigate the effects of a specific training program on performance? Identifying the significance and potential contributions of your chosen research topic will help you narrow down your options.

Once you have a general idea of your research direction, the next step is to brainstorm potential research questions. These questions should be specific, focused, and measurable. Avoid vague or broad concepts that may limit the depth of your investigation.

  • Tip #1: Begin your research question with phrases such as “What is the impact of…?” or “To what extent does…?” This ensures a clear focus on cause and effect relationships or the extent of a phenomenon.
  • Tip #2: Consider incorporating different variables in your research question, such as age, gender, or performance outcomes. This allows for more comprehensive analysis and encourages thoughtful comparisons.
  • Tip #3: Research current literature to see what gaps or debates exist in the field. Identifying unanswered questions or conflicting findings can inspire you to formulate a research question that contributes to these ongoing discussions.
  • Tip #4: Discuss your ideas with your EE supervisor, friends, or classmates. Seeking feedback from others can help refine your research question and provide fresh perspectives.

Remember, your research question is the backbone of your essay. Don’t rush this crucial step but take the time to ensure it aligns with your interests, reflects the significance of the topic, and is specific enough to guide your research effectively. By formulating a research question that meets these criteria, you will lay the groundwork for a successful Extended Essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences.

Conducting Background Research

Before embarking on your extended essay in sports, exercise, and health sciences, it is crucial to conduct thorough background research. This preliminary step allows you to familiarize yourself with existing knowledge and theories in your chosen research area. By understanding what has already been discovered, you can contextualize your own study and contribute meaningfully to the field.

The Importance of Conducting Preliminary Research

Conducting background research helps you identify gaps in current literature, enabling you to develop a unique research question and make a valuable contribution to the field of sports, exercise, and health sciences. It also gives you an opportunity to gain insights into different perspectives, theories, and methodologies that have been utilized in previous studies.

Emphasizing Credible Sources and Databases

When conducting background research, it is crucial to rely on credible sources that have undergone rigorous peer review. These sources may include scholarly articles published in reputable journals, textbooks written by experts in the field, and reports from reputable organizations related to sports, exercise, and health sciences.

In addition to traditional print sources, digital databases such as PubMed, Scopus, or Web of Science can be valuable resources for information gathering. These databases contain a vast array of peer-reviewed articles and other publications that can serve as a foundation for your research.

  • Ensure that the sources you use are recent and relevant to your chosen research area. Stay updated on the latest developments in your field by regularly checking for new publications.
  • Take note of the sources you use, including bibliographic information, as this will be crucial when citing and referencing your work.

By conducting exhaustive background research, you acquire a comprehensive understanding of your chosen topic in the context of sports, exercise, and health sciences. This enables you to identify gaps in current knowledge, generate a well-focused research question, and develop a cohesive and insightful extended essay.

Remember, the more extensive and rigorous your preliminary research, the stronger and more impactful your end result will be. Use this part of the process to become familiar with the existing literature, engage with valuable sources, and lay the foundation for your own research pursuit.

Developing a Clear Structure:

When it comes to writing your Extended Essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences, having a clear structure is key. It helps you organize your thoughts, present your ideas coherently, and maintain a logical flow throughout your essay. Now, let’s guide you on how to create a structure that will keep your readers engaged.

1. Introduction:

Start your essay with an engaging introduction that presents your research question and provides background information on the topic. This is your opportunity to grab your reader’s attention and set the stage for what’s to come. Make sure to clearly state the purpose of your research and establish its significance in the field of Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences.

2. Body Paragraphs:

The body paragraphs are where you’ll delve deeper into your research. Each paragraph should focus on a specific aspect or subtopic related to your research question. Begin each paragraph with a clear topic sentence that introduces the main idea you’ll be discussing. Then, provide evidence from reliable sources to support your claims and arguments. Remember to analyze and evaluate your sources critically, highlighting their relevance to your research and the field as a whole.

3. Conclusion:

In your conclusion, restate your research question and briefly summarize the main points discussed in your essay. This is your chance to leave a lasting impression on your readers, so make sure to reinforce the significance and implications of your research findings. Avoid introducing any new information or arguments in this section.

4. Logical Flow:

Throughout your essay, it’s essential to maintain a logical flow of ideas. Each paragraph should smoothly transition into the next, ensuring that your readers can follow your thought process without confusion. Start by organizing your thoughts and arguments in a logical sequence before you start writing. Consider using transition words and phrases to guide your readers from one idea to the next, reinforcing the coherence of your essay.

  • Stick to your outline or structure while writing, ensuring that each point is addressed in its designated section.
  • Avoid repeating information or including irrelevant details. Stay focused on your research question and supporting evidence.
  • Use clear and concise language. Avoid jargon and acronyms that may confuse your readers.
  • Proofread and revise your essay to ensure it flows smoothly and effectively communicates your ideas.

By developing a clear structure for your Extended Essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences, you’ll provide your readers with an organized and cohesive piece of work that is both insightful and easy to follow.

Utilizing Supporting Literature

Incorporating relevant and reliable sources is a crucial aspect of writing a successful Extended Essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences. By utilizing supporting literature effectively, you can strengthen your arguments, demonstrate critical evaluation skills, and showcase how these sources contribute to your research.

When selecting sources for your EE, ensure they are directly related to your chosen topic in sports, exercise, and health sciences. This might include scholarly articles from reputable journals, books by experts in the field, or reliable websites with valuable information.

To evaluate the credibility of a source, consider factors such as the author’s qualifications, the publication’s reputation, and whether the information is supported by other reliable sources. Critical evaluation involves assessing the accuracy, validity, and bias of the sources, strengthening confidence in the reliability of the information presented.

It is important to maintain a balance between the number of sources utilized and the depth of analysis in your essay. Avoid overwhelming your essay with an excessive number of sources, but also ensure that you have enough references to support your arguments effectively.

To effectively utilize supporting literature, it is important to incorporate the ideas and findings of these sources into your own writing. Rather than simply summarizing the information, critically analyze the sources, compare different viewpoints, and highlight any gaps or limitations in current knowledge in your chosen research area.

Furthermore, showcasing how these sources contribute to your EE involves explaining why you have chosen particular sources and how they support your argument. Connect the dots between your research question, the theories you have explored in the literature, and the evidence you have gathered, demonstrating the impact and relevance of your sources in the context of your research.

Finally, remember to cite your sources properly using a recognized citation style, such as APA or MLA. Accurately citing your sources not only avoids plagiarism but also adds credibility and demonstrates the rigor of your research process.

  • Incorporate relevant and reliable sources
  • Evaluate sources critically
  • Utilize scholarly articles, books, and reputable websites
  • Maintain balance in the number and depth of analysis of sources
  • Analyze and compare different viewpoints
  • Show how sources support your argument
  • Cite sources properly

By effectively utilizing supporting literature, you will strengthen your EE in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences by presenting well-informed arguments and demonstrating your ability to critically evaluate existing research.

Gathering and Analyzing Data: Providing Guidance for Your Extended Essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences

Once you have formulated a well-focused research question for your extended essay in sports, exercise, and health sciences, it’s time to gather and analyze the data that will support your findings. This crucial step allows you to put theory into practice and draw meaningful conclusions based on empirical evidence. Here are some tips to help you navigate the process:

  • Conducting Experiments: Consider designing and conducting experiments to collect data that directly addresses your research question. This could involve measuring physical parameters, analyzing biochemical samples, or observing the effects of interventions. Make sure to carefully plan your experimental procedures, documenting all variables and ensuring ethical considerations are met.
  • Administering Surveys: Surveys can provide valuable insights by gathering information from a large sample of respondents. Develop a clear questionnaire tailored to your research question, ensuring reliable and valid measurement of relevant variables. Keep in mind the demographic characteristics of your participants to enhance the generalizability of your findings.
  • Conducting Interviews: Interviews allow you to gain in-depth knowledge and personal perspectives on your research topic. Prepare a set of open-ended questions that explore diverse aspects of your subject matter. Record the interviews with consent and transcribe them accurately for analysis.
  • Utilizing Statistical Analysis: The field of sports, exercise, and health sciences often relies heavily on statistical analysis methods. Learn how to use descriptive statistics, such as means and standard deviations, to summarize your data. Additionally, consider inferential statistics, such as t-tests or ANOVA, to examine relationships and differences between groups. Statistical software programs can help simplify the analysis process.

Whichever method you choose, it is essential to ensure that your data collection process aligns with sound ethical considerations. Obtain informed consent from participants, protect their privacy, and handle data responsibly. This commitment to ethics helps to maintain the integrity of your research and protects the rights and well-being of those involved.

Once you have gathered your data, it’s time to analyze it. Carefully examine and interpret the information you have collected. Look for patterns, significant relationships, or divergent trends that are relevant to your research question. When interpreting your findings, consider both the strengths and weaknesses of your data, discussing any potential limitations in your analysis. This critical reflection will help ensure the validity and reliability of your conclusions.

Remember, the careful collection and analysis of data form the bedrock of any worthwhile research endeavor. By employing these techniques in your extended essay in sports, exercise, and health sciences, you can contribute valuable insights to the field and enhance our understanding of the subject matter we are so passionate about.

Applying Ethical Considerations

When conducting research in the fields of sports, exercise, and health sciences, it is crucial to apply ethical practices throughout the entire process. Ethical considerations ensure that the rights and well-being of participants and data subjects are protected, as well as maintain the integrity and credibility of the research findings.

Privacy: Respecting the privacy of individuals involved in the research is of utmost importance. It is essential to obtain informed consent from participants before collecting any personal data. Researchers should clearly explain the purpose of the study, what information will be gathered, how it will be used, and any potential risks or benefits. Moreover, it is important to handle and store participants’ personal information securely to preserve confidentiality.

Consent: Obtaining informed consent not only safeguards the participants’ rights but also ensures their willingness to contribute to the research. Informed consent means that participants have been provided with all the necessary information to understand the study’s objectives, procedures, risks, and benefits. Consent should be given freely, without coercion, and participants should feel comfortable withdrawing their consent at any stage of the research.

Responsible Data Handling: As researchers, it is essential to handle data responsibly and ethically. This includes ensuring the confidentiality and anonymity of participants’ data by assigning unique identifiers rather than using personal identifiable information unless necessary. Additionally, it is important to store data securely, such as password-protected electronic files or lockable cabinets for physical records. Proper data management practices, like regular backups and sharing data only with authorized individuals, should be followed to prevent unauthorized access or data breaches.

Ethical considerations also involve treating participants with respect and dignity, minimizing any potential harm or discomfort, and avoiding any form of discrimination or bias. Researchers must adhere to their institution’s ethical guidelines and obtain approval from the relevant ethics committee before conducting the study.

Ethical considerations in the extended essay in sports, exercise, and health sciences are essential not only to comply with regulatory requirements but also to ensure respect for human rights, privacy, and dignity of those involved. By upholding ethical principles, researchers contribute to building trust, promoting responsible research practices, and advancing knowledge in these fields.

Presenting and Interpreting Findings

Once you have collected and analyzed your data in your extended essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences, it’s time to present your findings. This step is crucial as it allows you to communicate your research effectively and showcase how it relates to your research question.

There are various ways to present your results, including tables, charts, graphs, and textual explanations. These visual aids can help readers understand complex data patterns and trends more easily. When deciding on the format, consider the type of data you have collected and choose the most appropriate method to represent it.

If you have numerical data, such as measurements or survey responses, tables and graphs may be the best option. Tables organize your data into rows and columns, making it easier to compare and contrast different pieces of information. Graphs, on the other hand, allow you to visualize patterns and relationships in the data through visual representations, such as bar charts, line graphs, or pie charts.

  • To effectively present your findings using tables, ensure that each column has a clear and concise heading, and organize the data logically. You could also provide footnotes or captions to explain any abbreviations or unusual terminology.
  • To create informative graphs, clearly label the axes, use appropriate scales, and provide legends or keys if necessary. Consider the purpose of your graph and choose a type that effectively conveys the message you want to convey.

In addition to visual methods, textual explanations can play a vital role in presenting and interpreting findings. Use clear and concise language to describe the main trends, patterns, or relationships identified in your data. Focus on linking these findings back to your research question and highlight their significance in addressing the topic at hand.

As you present your results, remember to keep your audience in mind. Consider their level of knowledge regarding the subject and use appropriate terminology to ensure clarity. Avoid using jargon or technical terms that may confuse readers who are new to your research area.

Once you have presented your findings, it is essential to interpret them in relation to your research question. Explain how your results contribute to answering your research question and discuss any unexpected or interesting findings that emerged. Offer insights into the implications of your findings for the field of sports, exercise, and health sciences, and suggest areas for further investigation.

Remember, effectively presenting and interpreting your findings is crucial to conveying the significance of your research, so take the time to organize your data, choose the appropriate format, and provide clear explanations. Doing so will help readers understand the value of your extended essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences and make a meaningful contribution to the subject.

Implications and Applications

One of the exciting aspects of conducting research in the field of sports, exercise, and health sciences is the potential for real-world impact and future exploration. The findings of your extended essay can have practical implications that go beyond the boundaries of academia. Let’s explore some of the practical applications and areas for further investigation that your research may contribute to.

1. Improved Performance:

Your research may uncover effective training methods or interventions that can enhance athletic performance or improve health outcomes. For example, you might investigate the impact of specific exercises on muscle strength or examine dietary interventions for optimal athletic performance.

2. Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation:

Understanding the causes and risk factors of sports-related injuries is essential for athletes’ well-being. Your extended essay could explore different strategies for preventing injuries, such as improving warm-up routines or implementing strength and conditioning programs. Additionally, you might examine innovative rehabilitation techniques that promote faster recovery and minimize long-term consequences.

3. Health Promotion:

The field of sports, exercise, and health sciences plays a crucial role in promoting overall well-being. Your research may contribute to developing evidence-based approaches to encouraging physical activity and healthy lifestyles in various populations, ranging from children to older adults. Examining the effectiveness of interventions like exercise programs or health education initiatives can lead to practical recommendations for supporting individuals’ health and reducing the burden of chronic diseases.

4. Athlete Monitoring and Sports Science:

In elite sports, monitoring athletes’ performance and health is vital for optimizing training and ensuring their well-being. Your extended essay may contribute to the development of athlete monitoring techniques, such as wearable technology or biometric measurements. By investigating novel approaches or evaluating existing methods, your research can advance the field of sports science and help coaches and sports practitioners make informed decisions.

5. Further Investigation:

Your research may also identify gaps in existing knowledge or pose new research questions for future exploration. Highlight these areas in your extended essay as they can serve as stepping stones for fellow researchers interested in sports, exercise, and health sciences.

The implications and applications of your research hold great potential to make a difference in the world of sports, exercise, and health. By highlighting these practical outcomes and future areas for investigation, your extended essay can pave the way for advancements that benefit athletes, individuals seeking improved health, and the broader community as a whole.

Addressing Limitations and Weaknesses

In any research project, it is important to recognize that there may be limitations or weaknesses in your design, methodology, or data analysis. Identifying and addressing these limitations can help strengthen your study and improve the overall quality of your extended essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences.

1. Recognize the limitations:

  • Take a step back and critically evaluate your research design by considering factors such as sample size, resources, and time constraints.
  • Reflect on potential biases or limitations in your methodology, such as self-reporting measures, lack of control groups, or subjective measurements.
  • Analyze your data analysis techniques and identify any potential weaknesses or confounding variables that may have affected the validity or reliability of your results.

2. Acknowledge the limitations:

It is crucial to acknowledge any limitations in your research openly and transparently in your extended essay. Recognizing these limitations demonstrates your scientific integrity and allows readers to understand the scope and boundaries of your study.

3. Suggest potential solutions:

  • Consider alternative research designs or methodologies that could address the limitations you have identified. For example, if your sample size was small, you might suggest conducting a follow-up study with a larger sample.
  • Explore ways to minimize biases and increase the objectivity of your study. This could involve using more reliable measurement tools, incorporating control groups, or seeking external validation through peer-review or expert consultation.
  • If your data analysis methods were limited, consider exploring additional statistical techniques or seeking advice from knowledgeable experts in the field.

By addressing limitations and weaknesses in your research, you demonstrate your commitment to academic rigor and highlight your ability to critically evaluate and improve upon your work. Remember, a well-rounded extended essay acknowledges the potential limitations and suggests possible solutions, strengthening the overall validity and reliability of your findings.

Next, we will guide you through reflecting on the research process, helping you identify the challenges faced, the lessons learned, and the valuable skills acquired along your extended essay journey in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences.

Reflecting on the Research Process

As you near the conclusion of your Extended Essay (EE) in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences, take a moment to reflect on your research journey. This is an opportunity to gather valuable insights, share your experiences, and recognize the valuable skills and knowledge you have acquired.

Throughout your extended essay, you may have encountered various challenges and obstacles. These can range from difficulties in gathering data or finding relevant literature to time management issues and unexpected setbacks. Reflecting on these challenges not only acknowledges the efforts you have put into your research but also helps you identify valuable lessons learned.

So, take a moment to consider the challenges you faced during your research. Did you struggle with finding relevant sources, conducting experiments, or analyzing data? Reflect on how you overcame these challenges or what you would do differently in hindsight. Remember that setbacks and difficulties are part of the research process and can help you grow both as an researcher and an individual.

In addition to challenges, think about the important lessons you learned along the way. Were there any critical discoveries or insights that transformed your understanding of the topic? Reflect on how these lessons expanded your knowledge base and influenced the direction of your research.

Moreover, consider the skills you have developed throughout your extended essay. Did you enhance your ability to critically evaluate literature? Have you become proficient in gathering and analyzing data using statistical methods? By recognizing these newly acquired skills, you are better equipped for future academic and professional pursuits.

  • Was it your natural curiosity that drove you to delve into sports, exercise, and health sciences?
  • Or perhaps it was a desire to make a positive impact on individuals’ lives through your research findings?
  • Reflect on what initially inspired you to undertake this extended essay and how that motivation evolved throughout the process.

To conclude, reflecting on your research journey is a valuable exercise in recognizing the challenges you overcame, the lessons you learned, and the skills you acquired along the way.

This self-reflection not only helps you see the progress you have made but also serves as a foundation for future research endeavors. You are now equipped with experience and knowledge that will stay with you as you continue to explore and contribute to the fascinating field of Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences. So, take pride in your achievements, celebrate your growth, and then take what you have learned to embark on even more ambitious research projects. Happy researching!

In conclusion, the extended essay (EE) in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences is an invaluable opportunity for students to dive deep into topics that interest them within this specific subject area. Throughout this guide, we have covered several important points to help you navigate your research journey with confidence and enthusiasm.

We started by highlighting the importance of the EE in sports, exercise, and health sciences, emphasizing its relevance in exploring diverse topics. The EE provides you with a platform to carry out in-depth investigations, allowing you to contribute to the existing knowledge in these fields.

A well-focused research question is at the heart of your EE, and we provided tips on how to select a suitable topic related to sports, exercise, and health sciences. By formulating a clear research question, you can ensure that your essay remains focused and showcases your ability to critically analyze and evaluate information.

Conducting background research before diving into your essay is crucial. We emphasized the importance of sourcing credible information from reliable sources and using databases specifically designed for sports, exercise, and health sciences. This preliminary research helps you familiarize yourself with existing theories and knowledge in your chosen research area.

Creating a clear structure for your EE is essential for ensuring logical flow and coherence. We guided you through the process of developing an outline that incorporates the necessary sections such as introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.

Utilizing supporting literature is a key component of a successful EE. We highlighted the significance of incorporating relevant and reliable sources in supporting your arguments, evaluating them critically, and showcasing how they contribute to your overall research.

Gathering and analyzing data is often a critical component of an EE in sports, exercise, and health sciences. Whether through conducting experiments, surveys, interviews, or applying statistical analysis methods, we provided guidance on data collection and analysis techniques commonly used in these fields.

It is essential to approach your research with ethical considerations in mind. We discussed the importance of privacy, consent, and responsible data handling when conducting research in the fields of sports, exercise, and health sciences.

Effectively presenting and interpreting your findings is crucial for conveying your conclusions. We assisted you in presenting your research through various mediums such as tables, charts, graphs, and textual explanations, while also guiding you on how to interpret the data in relation to your research question.

Exploring the implications and applications of your research within the context of sports, exercise, and health sciences is important. We discussed potential real-world applications and areas for future exploration based on your findings.

Addressing limitations and weaknesses in your research is vital in demonstrating your critical thinking skills. We helped you identify potential limitations and provided suggestions for addressing them, ensuring the validity and reliability of your findings.

Finally, reflecting on your research journey is a valuable part of the EE process. We encouraged you to embrace the challenges faced, celebrate the lessons learned, and acknowledge the skills acquired throughout your extended essay in sports, exercise, and health sciences.

In closing, the extended essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences is an exciting opportunity for students to delve into their chosen subject and demonstrate their passion and commitment to exploring diverse topics within this field. We hope this guide has provided you with the necessary tools and inspiration to embark on your research project with enthusiasm. Best of luck!

Nick Radlinsky

Nick Radlinsky

Nick Radlinsky is a devoted educator, marketing specialist, and management expert with more than 15 years of experience in the education sector. After obtaining his business degree in 2016, Nick embarked on a quest to achieve his PhD, driven by his commitment to enhancing education for students worldwide. His vast experience, starting in 2008, has established him as a reputable authority in the field.

Nick's article, featured in Routledge's " Entrepreneurship in Central and Eastern Europe: Development through Internationalization ," highlights his sharp insights and unwavering dedication to advancing the educational landscape. Inspired by his personal motto, "Make education better," Nick's mission is to streamline students' lives and foster efficient learning. His inventive ideas and leadership have contributed to the transformation of numerous educational experiences, distinguishing him as a true innovator in his field.

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extended essay topics social science

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A collection of academic essay topics related to social science.

During your studies of social science, you’ll have to often engage in essay writing. You should learn to pick strong and interesting topics for your social science academic papers. A good way to gain inspiration for an outstanding idea is looking at a list of truly interesting sample topics in the required field.

Social Science Essay Writing Help: Topics to Consider

  • The culture of violence in Iraq.
  • The features of the political culture in the USA.
  • Terrorist acts sponsored by a state.
  • Customs and traditions in the military.
  • Differences and similarities of Western and European customs.
  • Legal regulations for international companies and corporations.
  • The problem of juvenile delinquency in the U.S.
  • The modern understanding of the idea of justice.
  • The features of conflict management in global teams.
  • The influence of feminism on the male population.

What to Do If I Need Help with My Essay Writing?

If you have difficulties with taking different steps that are involved in composing an academic paper, you should get assistance. Here are several options available to you:

  • Consulting your teacher. After classes, you can ask your teacher any questions relevant to your writing task. They’re likely to answer them to the best of their abilities. Also, your teacher may provide you with well-written sample papers to check out.
  • Asking your friends for tips. You’re likely to have several friends with outstanding academic paper writing skills. You can approach them for advice and tips related to your assignment too. Sometimes, their help might be even more useful than that of your teacher.
  • Hiring a tutor. If you want professional essay help, writing tutors can provide you with the needed services. Regular lessons of a competent tutor should help you quickly improve your writing skills. Also, a tutor can help you complete your current writing assignment successfully.

Who Can Type My Essay for Me?

You might not have the time to write your social science essay. To avoid getting a low score for your task, you can ask someone else to complete it for you. Here are the sources you can approach with this sort of request:

  • Skilled students. Instead of asking your friends for tips and assistance, you can ask them to compose your paper for you. At least one person should agree to help you. They may even decide to compose your essay for free. However, be ready to do them some favor in the future as well.
  • Local writers. If you visit local academic centers, you’re likely to find the contact details of professional academic writers who will write your paper for money. You can call them all and discuss their terms and prices. Choose a writer who suits both your needs and financial capacity.
  • Freelance writers. If there are no suitable writers locally, you can look for freelancers with the required specializations on the Internet. You should be able to find lots of them on big and reputable job boards. Not all freelancers are professionals, however, so check them before hiring anyone.
  • Custom essay writing companies. On the web, you can also make deals with professional academic paper writing agencies. Hiring such a service might be costly in the short term but beneficial if you plan long-term cooperation. Regular customers of writing companies often get juicy discounts and excellent bonuses for their orders.

Now, you have a good idea of what topic you should generate for your social science essay. Remember, however, that choosing a topic is only the first step. To craft a successful academic paper, you’ll have to do much more. Put effort in all the required steps and the results will be remarkable.

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    Extended Essay in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences Topics. The purpose of the EE in Sports, Exercise, and Health Sciences is to offer you an avenue for in-depth research. Through this process, you will be able to develop a comprehensive understanding of specific aspects related to these subjects, and contribute to existing knowledge by ...

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