Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Contributions and Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi
500+ Words Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Mahatma Gandhi was a great patriotic Indian, if not the greatest. He was a man of an unbelievably great personality. He certainly does not need anyone like me praising him. Furthermore, his efforts for Indian independence are unparalleled. Most noteworthy, there would have been a significant delay in independence without him. Consequently, the British because of his pressure left India in 1947. In this essay on Mahatma Gandhi, we will see his contribution and legacy.
Contributions of Mahatma Gandhi
First of all, Mahatma Gandhi was a notable public figure. His role in social and political reform was instrumental. Above all, he rid the society of these social evils. Hence, many oppressed people felt great relief because of his efforts. Gandhi became a famous international figure because of these efforts. Furthermore, he became the topic of discussion in many international media outlets.
Mahatma Gandhi made significant contributions to environmental sustainability. Most noteworthy, he said that each person should consume according to his needs. The main question that he raised was “How much should a person consume?”. Gandhi certainly put forward this question.
Furthermore, this model of sustainability by Gandhi holds huge relevance in current India. This is because currently, India has a very high population . There has been the promotion of renewable energy and small-scale irrigation systems. This was due to Gandhiji’s campaigns against excessive industrial development.
Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence is probably his most important contribution. This philosophy of non-violence is known as Ahimsa. Most noteworthy, Gandhiji’s aim was to seek independence without violence. He decided to quit the Non-cooperation movement after the Chauri-Chaura incident . This was due to the violence at the Chauri Chaura incident. Consequently, many became upset at this decision. However, Gandhi was relentless in his philosophy of Ahimsa.
Secularism is yet another contribution of Gandhi. His belief was that no religion should have a monopoly on the truth. Mahatma Gandhi certainly encouraged friendship between different religions.
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Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi has influenced many international leaders around the world. His struggle certainly became an inspiration for leaders. Such leaders are Martin Luther King Jr., James Beve, and James Lawson. Furthermore, Gandhi influenced Nelson Mandela for his freedom struggle. Also, Lanza del Vasto came to India to live with Gandhi.
The awards given to Mahatma Gandhi are too many to discuss. Probably only a few nations remain which have not awarded Mahatma Gandhi.
In conclusion, Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest political icons ever. Most noteworthy, Indians revere by describing him as the “father of the nation”. His name will certainly remain immortal for all generations.
Essay Topics on Famous Leaders
- Mahatma Gandhi
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- Swami Vivekananda
- Mother Teresa
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- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
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- Abraham Lincoln
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FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi
Q.1 Why Mahatma Gandhi decided to stop Non-cooperation movement?
A.1 Mahatma Gandhi decided to stop the Non-cooperation movement. This was due to the infamous Chauri-Chaura incident. There was significant violence at this incident. Furthermore, Gandhiji was strictly against any kind of violence.
Q.2 Name any two leaders influenced by Mahatma Gandhi?
A.2 Two leaders influenced by Mahatma Gandhi are Martin Luther King Jr and Nelson Mandela.
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Important Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students in English
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, often called the 'Father of the Nation' , was a leader who fought for India's freedom from British rule. He believed in non-violence. Every year on October 2nd, Mahatma Gandhi's birthday is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti to honor his efforts in freeing India.
English Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
Rabindranath Tagore was the first to call Gandhiji 'Mahatma,' which means 'Great Soul' in Sanskrit. His wise ideas and beliefs led people to respect and call him 'Mahatma Gandhi.' His dedication to the country and efforts to turn his ideas into reality make Indians around the world very proud of him .
According to Mahatma Gandhi’s biography, he was born on October 2, 1869 , in Porbandar, a coastal town in the present-day Indian state of Gujarat. He grew up in a Hindu family and ate basic vegetarian meals. His dad, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, was an important leader in Porbandar State. In South Africa, he was the first to lead a peaceful protest movement, setting him apart from other demonstrators. Mahatma Gandhi also introduced the idea of Satyagraha, a nonviolent approach to opposing unfairness. He devoted 20 years of his life to battling discrimination in South Africa.
His idea of 'Ahimsa,' which means not hurting anyone, was widely admired and followed by many influential people worldwide. He became an indomitable figure who couldn't be defeated in any situation. Mahatma Gandhi initiated the 'Khadi Movement' to encourage the use of fabrics like khadi or jute. This movement was a crucial part of the larger 'Non-co-operation Movement,' which advocated for Indian goods and discouraged foreign ones. Gandhi strongly supported agriculture and encouraged people to engage in farming. He inspired Indians to embrace manual labor and emphasized self-reliance, urging them to provide for their needs and lead simple lives. He began weaving cotton clothes using the Charkha to reduce dependence on foreign goods and promote Swadeshi products among Indians.
During the fight for India's freedom, Gandhiji faced imprisonment several times along with his followers, but his main goal was always the freedom of his motherland. Even when he was in prison, he never chose the path of violence.
Mahatma Gandhi made significant contributions to various social issues. His efforts against 'untouchability' while he was in Yerwada Jail, where he went on a hunger strike against this ancient social evil, greatly helped uplift the oppressed community in modern times. He also emphasized the importance of education, cleanliness, health, and equality in society.
These qualities defined him as a person with a great soul and justified his transformation from Gandhi to Mahatma. He led many freedom movements, including the "Quit India Movement," which was highly successful. His death was a huge loss to the forces of peace and democracy, leaving a significant void in the nation's life.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a prominent Indian nationalist leader, significantly influenced Mahatma Gandhi's political ideology and leadership approach. Gandhi considered him his political teacher.
Mahatma Gandhi played a crucial role in India's fight for freedom from British rule. His life was dedicated to serving his country and its people, and he became an international symbol of Indian leadership. Even today, he continues to inspire and motivate young people worldwide with his values and principles.
Gandhi Ji was known for his strong sense of discipline. He emphasized the importance of self-discipline in achieving significant goals, a principle he applied in promoting his philosophy of Ahimsa (non-violence). Through his own life, he demonstrated that rigorous discipline can lead to the realization of any objective, provided we remain committed and dedicated. These qualities established him as a revered and respected leader whose influence extends far beyond his lifetime. His ideals continue to resonate not only in India but also around the world.
FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi Essay
1. What were the different movements that Gandhi started in order to bring Independence to India?
In order to bring freedom, Gandhi started the Satyagraha movement in 1919, the non-cooperation movement in 1921, and Civil Disobedience movement in 1930 and Quit India movement in 1942.
2. Who killed Mahatma Gandhi?
A young man named Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi when he was going to attend an evening prayer meeting.
3. Why is Gandhi known as the ‘Father of the Nation’?
Mahatma Gandhi is known as the ‘Father of the Nation’ because he laid the true foundation of independent India with his noble ideals and supreme sacrifice.
4. How do we commemorate Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution for our Nation?
His birthday on 2 nd October is celebrated as a National Holiday across the nation in order to commemorate his great contributions and sacrifices for the country’s independence.
5. What are the things we should learn from Mahatma Gandhi?
There are various things one can learn from Gandhiji. The principles that he followed and preached his entire generation and for generations to come are commendable. He believed in ‘Ahimsa’ and taught people how any war in the world can be won through non-violence. To simply state one can learn the following principles from Gandhiji -
Respect for elders,
Essay on mahatma gandhi: biography of mahatma gandhi | 800+ words.
Mahatma Gandhi, one of the most influential figures of the 20th century, is widely regarded as the Father of the Nation in India. He was a freedom fighter, political leader, and spiritual teacher who dedicated his life to nonviolent resistance and social justice. In this essay on Mahatma Gandhi biography in English, we will explore his life, legacy, and achievements. From his humble beginnings in Porbandar, Gujarat, to his leadership in India's independence movement, Gandhi's teachings and philosophy have had a profound impact on social and political movements around the world. This essay will delve into his life's work and highlight the enduring legacy of this remarkable individual.
In this article, we have shared 800+ words essay on mahatama gandhi, including all the birth, childhood, marriage and education of Mahatma Gandhi.
Essay On Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is also known as Mahatma Gandhi is considered to be the father of this country. In the fight for independence against British rule, he was the leader of the nationalist movement. He was an Indian lawyer, political ethicist, anti-colonial nationalist, writer, and a kind-hearted person.
Birth and Childhood
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, the year 1869 in a place named Porbandar, Gujrat in northwest India. He was born in a Hindu Modh family. His father Karamchand Gandhi was a political figure and also the chief minister of Porbandar. His mother named Putlibai Gandhi was the fourth wife of his father, previous wives died during childbirth. Gandhi was born in a vaishya family that's why from an early age of life he learned a lot of things such as non-injury to living beings, tolerance and vegetarianism.
In May 1883, he was 13 years old when he got married to a girl named Kasturba Makhanji, who was also 13 years old, this marriage was arranged by their parents. They together had four sons, Harilal (1888), Manilal (1892), Ramdas (1897), Devdas (1900).
In this essay on Mahatma Gandhi, let's know about Mahatma Gandhi's education Porbandar did not have enough chance of education, all the children in school used to write in dust with their fingers. However, he was lucky that his father became the chief minister of another city named Rajkot. He was average in education. At the age of 13, he lost a year at school due to marriage. He was not a shining student in the classroom or playground, but he always obeyed the given order by elders.
That's why like other kids he did not go through all the teenage life. He wanted to eat meat but never did because of their parent's beliefs. In the year of 1887, Gandhi passed the matriculation examination from the University of Bombay and joined a college in Bhavnagar named Samaldas College. It was clear for him by then that if he has to maintain his family tradition and become a high office working person in the state of Gujarat, he would have to become a barrister.
At the age of 18, he was offered to continue his studies in London and he was not very happy at Samaldas College so he accepted the offer and sailed to London in September 1888. After reaching London, He was having difficulty understanding the culture and understanding the English language. Some days after arrival he joined a Law college named Inner Temple which was one of the four London law colleges.
The transformation of changing life from a city to India studying in a college in England was not easy for him but he took his study very seriously and started to brush up his English and Latin. His vegetarianism became a very problematic subject for him as everyone around him as eating meat and he started to feel embarrassed.
Some of his new friends in London said some of the things like not eating meat will make him weak physically and mentally. But eventually, he found a vegetarian restaurant and a book that helped him understand the reason to become a vegetarian. From childhood, he wanted to eat meat himself but never did because of his parents but now in London, he was convinced that he finally embraced vegetarianism and never again thought of eating meat.
After some time he became an active member of the society called London vegetarian society and started to attend all the conferences and journals. In England not only Gandhi met Food faddists but also met some men and women who had vast knowledge about Bhagavad-Gita, Bible, Mahabharata, etc. From them, he learned a lot about Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity and many others.
Many people he met were rebels not supporting the Victorian establishment from these people Gandhi slowly absorbed politics, personality, and more importantly ideas. He passed his study from England and became a Barrister but there was some painful news was waiting for him back at home in India. In January 1891 Gandhi's mother died while Gandhi was still in London.
He came back to India in July 1891 and started to begin the legal career but he lost his very first case in India. He soon realized that the legal profession was heavily overcrowded and he changed his path. He then was offered to be a teacher in Bombay high school but he turned it down and returned to Rajkot. With the dream of living a good life, he started to draft petitions for litigants which soon ended with the dissatisfaction of a local British officer.
Fortunately in the year 1893, he got an offer to go to Natal, South Africa and work there in an Indian firm for 1 year as it was a contract basis.
Civil Right Movement in Africa
South Africa was waiting with a lot of challenges and opportunities for him. From there he started to grow a new leaf. In South Africa 2 of his four sons were born. He had to face many difficulties there too. Once he as advocating for his client and he had to flee from the court because he was so nervous, he wasn't able to talk properly. But the bigger problem was waiting for him, as he had to face racial discrimination in South Africa.
In the journey from Durban to Pretoria, he faced a lot from, being asked to take off the turban in a court to travel on a car footboard to make room for European passenger but he refused. He was beaten by a taxi driver and thrown out of a first-class compartment but these instances made him strong and gave him the strength to fight for justice.
He started to educate others about their rights and duties. When he learned about a bill to deprive Indians of the right to vote, it was that time when others begged him to take up the fight on behalf of them. Eventually at the age of 25 in July 1894 he became a proficient political campaigner.
He drafted petitions and got them signed by hundreds of compatriots. He was not able to stop the bill but succeeded in drawing the attention of the public in Natal, England, and India. He then built many societies in Durban. He planted the seed, spirit of solidarity in the Indian community.
Very well known newspapers of that time such as The Times of London and The Statesman and Englishman of Calcutta were writing about him from this his success could be measured. He began to wear white Indian dhoti in this time-period which later became his trademark. He started a non-violent protest against tax also known as "Satyagraha" where he led a march with more than 2000 people and later he was arrested and for nine-month he was in prison.
His contribution to India's Freedom struggle and Achievements
Back in India, in the year of 1919, the British started to arrest and imprison anyone they suspect of sedition that's when Gandhi stood up and started non-violent disobedience. Gandhi's goal about Indian's independence got cleared after a tragic incident when more than 20000 protesters were getting open fired by the British army in the city of Amritsar.
400 people were killed and 1000 injured. He started the mass boycotts of British goods and institutions and told everyone to stop working for the British. In 1992 he was again got arrested and got a 6-year prison sentence. In 1930 he started the salt march and a very well known campaign of walking 390km to the Arabian Sea shores.
The salt act protesters around 60,000 including Gandhi were imprisoned. At the time of World War II, Gandhi started his campaign if Quit India to banish British rule from the country, he was again arrested and sent to prison with many other well-known leaders of Indian Congress. He met King George V on behalf of the Indian National Congress, but there was not that much progress.
After the End of the war, Britain's government was changed and this time progress was made they were willing to discuss independence for India but a tragic event followed by it partition of the country into India and Pakistan. In 1947 India gained independence. In the year of 1948, a Hindu extremist killed Gandhi. In this essay on Mahatma Gandhi, learn about the contributions made by Mahatma Gandhi!
What he was famous for?
He was known for his silent protest, disobedience campaign in India, Satyagraha, and passive resistance. His death made India mourn for 13 days, His birthday 2nd October is celebrated as a national holiday in India.
Why he was called Mahatma?
The title Mahatma means "great- soul". It is a title that was given to him by Rabindranath Tagore but he thinks he is not worthy of this title so he never accepted it.
Books dedicated to him or written by him
He was a writer from an early age, he liked writing books and there are many books written by him. Some of the most famous of them is Autobiography of Gandhi, The Essential Gandhi, Hind Swaraj and other writings, the words of Gandhi, Satyagraha in South Africa, and many more.
Many writers have written about Mahatma Gandhi some of them are Great Soul by Joseph Lelyveld, Gandhi Before India by Ramachandra Guha, The Good Boatman by Rajmohan Gandhi, Gandhi: Prisoner of hope by Judith M. Brown, etc.
While writing an essay on mahatma gandhi you can include books dedicated to him or his autobiographies.
Mahatma Gandhi Struggled very much from his early life but regardless of all the suffering, he made his way. And he is a very important part of our history of independence. We hope we have covered all the detail in this essay on Mahatma Gandhi for you to write a perfect essay!
Short Essay On Mahatma Gandhi Biography In English
Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was a prominent Indian leader who played a pivotal role in India's struggle for independence. This essay on Mahatma Gandhi biography in English will explore his life, legacy, and achievements.
Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. After studying law in London, he moved to South Africa, where he fought against discrimination faced by the Indian community. His experiences in South Africa would later shape his philosophy of nonviolent resistance or Satyagraha.
Returning to India in 1915, Gandhi became a prominent leader in India's independence movement. He advocated for nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience against British colonial rule. His leadership and vision played a crucial role in India's eventual independence in 1947.
Gandhi's teachings have had a profound impact on social and political movements around the world. His message of nonviolent resistance has inspired many leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela. He was a spiritual leader who believed in the power of love and compassion to bring about social change.
In addition to his political achievements, Gandhi was also an advocate for social justice and equality. He fought against caste discrimination, championed the rights of women, and promoted communal harmony.
In conclusion, Mahatma Gandhi was a remarkable individual whose life and teachings continue to inspire people around the world. His philosophy of nonviolent resistance, his leadership in India's independence movement, and his advocacy for social justice and equality make him a true hero of our time. This essay on Mahatma Gandhi biography in English is a testament to his enduring legacy.
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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – 200, 400, 600 Words
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- Aug 5, 2023
Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, Mahatma Gandhi was a proponent of non-violence and truth, earning him the title of a truth messenger. Coming from a well-to-do family, he was known by his full name, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Although he was a reserved and diligent student, he ventured to England for legal studies and later became a barrister upon his return to India, practising law in the Bombay High Court.
However, Gandhi’s true calling lay beyond the legal profession. During his time in South Africa , he allied with the locals and initiated the non-violent Satyagraha movement , aimed at challenging the oppression imposed by Europeans . Eventually, he returned to India and took a leading role in the struggle for India’s independence from British rule.
Deeply moved by the suffering of his fellow Indians, he launched the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Quit India Movement, advocating non-violent resistance against the British.
We have provided some essays on Mahatma Gandhi below that will be useful for speech delivery, essay writing, or speech-providing competitions. After reading these essays on Babu, you will get knowledge about his life and beliefs, his teachings, the role he played in the independence movement and why he is regarded as the most revered leader in the world.
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Essay on mahatma gandhi (200 words), birth and childhood , marriage and education, civil rights movement in africa, role of mahatma gandhi in india’s freedom struggle , accomplishments, demise .
Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, struggled and gave up things he valued to free India from British oppression. All throughout his life, he was guided by nonviolent beliefs.
One of the greatest political figures in history, Mahatma Gandhi is revered and held in the highest regard in India as the “father of the nation.” His legacy will live on forever, inspiring future generations with his words and example.
Bapu struggled greatly and gave up a lot of his personal possessions in his quest to free India from British tyranny, but he never wavered from his nonviolent beliefs.
His legal career took him to South Africa, where he fought against racial injustice. He married Kasturba at the age of thirteen and continued his schooling in London.
Gandhi used nonviolence in a number of movements during India’s war for independence, including the Champaran and Kheda agitations, the Non-cooperation Movement, the Salt March, and the Quit India Movement . His influence was felt all around the world, motivating figures like Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr .
Gandhi made contributions to secularism, environmental sustainability, and social transformation. His legacy is firmly based on his nonviolence (Ahimsa) ideology. On January 30, 1948, he was murdered, yet his influence lives on, earning him the title of renowned “Father of the Nation and Bapu” in India’s history.
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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (400 Words)
Mahatma Gandhi stands as one of the greatest political icons in history, with Indians holding him in the highest esteem and revering him as the “father of the nation.” His name and teachings will undoubtedly remain immortal, continuing to inspire generations to come.
Throughout his efforts, Mahatma Gandhi endured great hardship and made significant personal sacrifices in his mission to liberate India from British rule, all while steadfastly adhering to non-violent principles.
Let’s dive deeper into his life:
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, which is now part of the state of Gujarat, India.
His father, Karamchand Gandhi, held the position of Chief Minister (diwan) in Porbandar during that period. Gandhi’s mother, Putlibai, was a deeply devout and charitable woman.
As a young boy, Gandhi embodied his mother’s qualities, inheriting her strong values, ethical principles, and spirit of self-sacrifice.
At the tender age of 13, Mohandas entered into marriage with Kasturba Makanji. In 1888, they welcomed a baby boy before he set sail for London to pursue further studies. In 1893, he ventured to South Africa to continue his law practice, where he encountered severe racial discrimination imposed by the British.
A significant incident that profoundly impacted the young Gandhi was when he was forcibly evicted from a first-class train compartment solely due to his race and skin color.
Having endured discrimination and humiliation due to his race and color, Gandhi made a resolute pledge to combat and confront racial discrimination against immigrants in South Africa. In 1894, he established the Natal Indian Congress and embarked on a relentless crusade against racial prejudice. Gandhi passionately advocated for the civil rights of immigrants in South Africa, devoting approximately two decades to this endeavor.
Mahatma Gandhi’s influence has reached far and wide, touching the lives of numerous international leaders across the globe. Leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. , James Bevel, and James Lawson found inspiration in his struggle and adopted his principles. Nelson Mandela, in his quest for freedom, was also deeply influenced by Gandhi’s teachings, while Lanza del Vasto even chose to reside in India to be close to him.
The impact of Mahatma Gandhi’s legacy is evident in the recognition he received from the United Nations. They have honored him by designating 2nd October as the “International Day of Nonviolence.” Additionally, many countries observe 30th January as the School Day of Nonviolence and Peace to commemorate his ideals.
Throughout his life, Mahatma Gandhi received numerous awards and accolades, making his contribution widely acknowledged. Almost every nation has bestowed honors upon him, with only a few exceptions.
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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (600 Words)
Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, advocated for truth and non-violence, giving him the moniker “truth messenger.” He was referred to by his full name, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, and he came from a wealthy family.
Let’s dive deep into the life of Mahatma Gandhi in this essay.
The significance of non-violence in India’s freedom struggle gained prominence with the involvement of Mahatma Gandhi. While there were parallel violent movements against British rule, the peaceful nature of non-violence made it a powerful way to demand complete independence.
Mahatma Gandhi utilized non-violence in every movement against the British government, and some of the most notable non-violent movements were as follows:
Champaran and Kheda Agitations
In 1917, Mahatma Gandhi organized a non-violent protest against the British-imposed indigo cultivation and fixed pricing, leading to the acceptance of farmers’ demands. Similarly, in 1918, he led peaceful protests against the British administration for tax relief during a famine in the Kheda region, resulting in the suspension of revenue collection.
Sparked by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and harsh British policies in 1920, this movement promoted the boycott of British products and services. Indians withdrew from British-run institutions and civil services, significantly affecting British administration without resorting to violence.
Salt Satyagraha or Salt March
In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi led the famous 26-day non-violent march to Dandi, Gujarat, protesting the salt monopoly imposed by the British. Breaking the salt laws and promoting local salt production, the Salt March gained international attention and strengthened the foundation of Independent India.
Quit India Movement
Launched on August 8, 1942, the Quit India Movement demanded the British to leave India. Despite being in the midst of World War II, the non-violent civil disobedience movement intensified the pressure on the British government and paved the way for India’s eventual independence.
These non-violent movements, led by Mahatma Gandhi, wielded the power of truth and non-violence as their weapons against British rule. The effectiveness of non-violence garnered international attention and exposed the oppressive policies of the British government to the world.
Mahatma Gandhi, a man on a mission, not only played a crucial role in India’s fight for independence but also made significant contributions to eradicate various social evils. His accomplishments can be summarized as follows:
Champion Against Racial Discrimination in South Africa
Witnessing the racial discrimination in South Africa deeply affected Mahatma Gandhi, motivating him to take a stand against it. He courageously challenged the law that denied voting rights to non-European individuals and became a prominent civil rights activist fighting for the rights of immigrants in South Africa.
The Icon of India’s Freedom Struggle
As a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement, Mahatma Gandhi adopted a liberal approach, advocating peaceful and nonviolent protests against British rule. His leadership in movements like the Champaran Satyagraha, Civil Disobedience Movement, Salt March, and Quit India Movement garnered global attention and shook the foundation of British rule in India.
Eradicating Social Evils
Gandhi Ji dedicated himself to rooting out various social evils prevalent in society at that time. He initiated campaigns to ensure equal rights for the untouchables and uplift their status in society. Additionally, he championed women’s empowerment, promoted education, and vehemently opposed child marriage, leaving a lasting impact on Indian society.
After India gained independence in 1947, Mahatma Gandhi’s life came to a tragic end when he was assassinated by a Hindu activist named Nathuram Godse on January 30, 1948.
Throughout his life, he devoted himself to the service of the motherland, leaving a profound impact on the nation. His teachings and actions illuminated our path to true freedom from British rule.
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A. Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Gandhiji or Bapu, emerged as a prominent leader during India’s struggle for independence from British rule. He firmly advocated non-violence, civil disobedience, and passive resistance as effective means to achieve social and political transformation.
A. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a town located in present-day Gujarat, India.
A. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
A. Gandhi played a pivotal role in India’s freedom struggle, leading various non-violent movements and campaigns against British rule, including the Non-Cooperation Movement, Salt Satyagraha, and Quit India Movement.
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Abhishek Kumar Jha is a seasoned content writer specializing in providing education news updates for various media outlets. With a strong background in journalism, he has garnered significant experience in delivering accurate and informative content related to Indian exam updates. Notably, Abhishek has contributed his expertise to renowned news websites such as Firstpost and News18. Abhishek holds a Post Graduation Diploma in English Journalism from the prestigious Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC), Dhenkanal, where he honed his skills in news reporting and writing. His educational background combined with his practical experience has equipped him with the necessary tools to deliver high-quality and engaging content in the field of education journalism.
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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 1000+ Words
Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was a transformative figure in the history of India and the world. He is widely regarded as the father of the Indian independence movement and a pioneer of nonviolent resistance. Gandhi’s life and philosophy left an indelible mark on the fight for civil rights, freedom, and social justice. In this essay, we will explore the profound impact of Mahatma Gandhi’s life and principles, emphasizing his role in India’s struggle for independence, his advocacy for nonviolence, and his enduring legacy.
India’s Struggle for Independence
One of the most significant aspects of Mahatma Gandhi’s legacy is his pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule. Born in 1869 in Porbandar, India, Gandhi grew up witnessing the injustices of colonialism. He became a lawyer but later chose to devote his life to the fight for Indian independence. Gandhi’s leadership in various movements, such as the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Salt March, captured the imagination of millions of Indians and galvanized them to demand self-rule. His commitment to nonviolence and civil disobedience inspired a mass mobilization that eventually led to India gaining independence on August 15, 1947.
Advocacy for Nonviolence
Perhaps Gandhi’s most enduring legacy is his unwavering commitment to nonviolence as a means of achieving social and political change. He coined the term “Satyagraha,” which means “truth force” or “soul force,” to describe his philosophy of nonviolent resistance. Gandhi firmly believed that nonviolence was not only a moral choice but also a practical and effective strategy for social and political transformation.
Gandhi’s advocacy for nonviolence was instrumental in shaping the course of history. His methods of peaceful protest and civil disobedience not only led to India’s independence but also inspired civil rights movements around the world. Prominent leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. in the United States and Nelson Mandela in South Africa drew inspiration from Gandhi’s approach to nonviolent resistance.
Social Justice and Equality
In addition to his fight for independence, Mahatma Gandhi was a staunch advocate for social justice and equality. He believed that true independence could only be achieved by addressing the deep-seated social issues that plagued India, such as caste discrimination and economic disparities. Gandhi’s vision of an independent India was one that upheld the principles of justice, equality, and inclusivity.
Gandhi’s efforts to combat caste discrimination and promote the rights of the Dalits (formerly known as untouchables) were particularly noteworthy. He undertook hunger strikes and protests to raise awareness about the injustices faced by the marginalized sections of society. His commitment to social justice remains an inspiration for activists fighting against discrimination and inequality to this day.
Simplicity and Self-Sufficiency
Mahatma Gandhi’s personal life exemplified his dedication to simplicity and self-sufficiency. He firmly believed that embracing a modest and frugal lifestyle was pivotal in comprehending the plight of the underprivileged and marginalized. Consequently, Gandhi adopted plain, self-made attire and resided in a communal ashram.
His philosophy of self-sufficiency extended to the economic sphere as well. He advocated for the revitalization of village industries and the promotion of small-scale, cottage industries to empower rural communities. Gandhi’s vision of economic self-sufficiency aimed to reduce dependency on imported goods and promote local craftsmanship and self-reliance.
Legacy and Global Influence
Mahatma Gandhi’s influence transcends India’s borders. His philosophy of nonviolence and dedication to social justice have made a lasting impact worldwide. Furthermore, the principles of nonviolent resistance he championed continue to serve as a wellspring of inspiration for global movements advocating civil rights, peace, and justice
Martin Luther King Jr., who played a pivotal role in the American civil rights movement, credited Gandhi’s philosophy as a major influence on his own activism. Similarly, Nelson Mandela’s struggle against apartheid in South Africa was deeply rooted in the principles of nonviolence and reconciliation championed by Gandhi.
Conclusion of Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi’s life and principles have had a profound and lasting impact on the world. His leadership during India’s fight for independence, combined with his unwavering commitment to nonviolence, advocacy for social justice, and dedication to equality, as well as his personal philosophy of simplicity and self-sufficiency, collectively contribute to his lasting legacy.
Gandhi’s legacy serves as a beacon of hope and a source of inspiration for those who seek to bring about positive change in the face of oppression and injustice. His life and teachings serve as a reminder that, even in the face of immense challenges, the principles of nonviolence and the pursuit of justice hold the potential for profound societal transformations. Mahatma Gandhi’s enduring legacy stands as a testament to the indomitable power of the human spirit.
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Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English
Mahatma Gandhi is popularly known as 'Father of Nation', was a great Indian freedom warrior. He played a major role in uprooting British rule from Indian soil and followed 'Ahimsa', the non-violence.
Table of Contents
Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who is known by the name, Mahatma Gandhi is popularly called as Father of Nation. His contributions towards the freedom struggle and to making India free from the rule of the British Raj are immense and could not be put into simple words. To pay tribute to his efforts in the freedom struggle and to his ideologies we celebrate Gandhi Jayanti on the 2nd of October every year. Schools and colleges celebrate and commemorate this special day by conducting competitions on writing Gandhi Jayanti Essay and arranging a patriotic Gandhi Jayanti speech . This day is declared to be a Public and Bank Holiday across the Nation. In this essay, you can find information on his contribution and legacy.
In this essay, we have provided insights into Gandhiji’s birth, movements and campaigns led by him, his contributions to the freedom struggle, ideologies and principles followed by him and much more. He has great thoughts, ideologies and principles and so people called him Mahatma which means ‘great soul’ in Sanskrit. He always followed the principle of ‘Ahimsa’ which is non-violence in attaining freedom from British reign. Read ahead to this essay on Mahatma Gandhi to gather more information on our father of the nation.
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He was raised in an affluent Hindu Family. He was interested in pursuing law and therefore he went to England to study the same and soon became a Barrister. He was born to Karamchand Gandhi (Father of Mahatma Gandhi), the dewan of Porbandar. Growing up with principles of dharma and ahimsa (non-violence) helped Gandhi to walk on the emergence of freedom. To practise the law, he went to South Africa where he was deeply annoyed by the Europeans’ rule against South Africans where there were racial and colour discrimination issues.
Campaigns and Movements led by Gandhiji
Gandhiji developed a concept of a Non-violent Movement called ‘Satyagraha’ and he united Indians who had settled in South Africa from different religions, communities or languages. When he returned to India, he saw British people dominating Indians, cruelly. But Gandhiji followed a non-violent method in uprooting Britishers from Indian soil. His concept of ‘Ahimsa’, not to injure anyone is highly appreciable.
Therefore he started several movements such as the Khadi movement to make use of fibres such as Jute or Khadi and weaved the same using a chakra. He started with the Non-Co-operation movement to make use of Indian Swadeshi goods and stopped the use of foreign goods. A major breakthrough movement is the ‘Quit India Movement’ to put an end to the British Colonial rule in India.
Dandi March or Salt Satyagraha: This is a non-violent civil disobedience campaign led by Gandhiji in the year 1930 to resist the payment of taxes levied on salt which was available free of cost to the common people. He led a campaign starting from Sabarmati Ashram along with his followers to reach Dandi and there at a seashore he took a lump of salty mud and boiled it, thereby, producing illegal salt.
Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom Struggle
Mahatma Gandhi Ji played a major and very important role in the freedom struggle of India. He was imprisoned several times but he didn’t give up the efforts and pace of freedom fighting. He had driven off the ‘Untouchability’ issue while he got imprisoned in Yerwada Jail and went on fast for several days. He also stressed the need and importance of education, cleanliness, health and equality in society.
In the year 1915, Mahatma Gandhi returned back to India and joined the Indian National Congress Party and demanded ‘Purn Swaraj’, which means complete independence from British rule. Satyagraha was announced by him, which created a major revolt which was the massacre of Amritsar. He also started the Civil disobedience Movement which involved the oppression of British rule by strictly not adhering to the laws and orders imposed by the Britishers. Then Martial law was imposed, which was an important aspect of the Indian Independence movement.
Principles of Gandhiji
Gandhiji was a great soul of ethics, values, self-discipline and simplicity. He was a great motivator of younger minds and practised ahimsa, a non-violent method to eradicate the miserable British rule. He is a great supporter of Indian Agriculture and motivated farmers to do field and agricultural work. Though he was insulted, and ridiculed several times his perseverance in the freedom struggle is remarkable. He fought with a strong and powerful British army without the use of weapons and shedding a single drop of blood. All these qualities and his ideologies have attracted people from each and every corner of the world.
On the whole, Mahatma Gandhi ji was a man of simplicity but his ideologies had no boundaries. He is highly revered and respected even now after a number of decades because of his fame, ethics and values. As Indians, let us all try to follow the principle of Mahatma Gandhi and enlighten our lives to achieve bigger goals.
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Mahatma Gandhi Essay: FAQ's
Q1. who is called as 'mahatma'.
Ans. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was known in the name of 'Mahatma' by Rabindranath Tagore which means great soul in sanskrit.
Q2. Where was Gandhiji born?
Ans. Gandhiji was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat.
Q3. What are the famous movements initiated by Gandhiji?
Ans. Gandhiji had started various movements for freedom struggle in a non-violent manner, which are satyagraha, khadi movement, non-cooperative movement, Quit India movement, Civil disobedience movement .
Q4. When is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated?
Ans. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on 2nd of October every year, as a remembrance of Gandhiji's birthdate.
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Home — Essay Samples — History — Historical Figures — Mahatma Gandhi
Essays on Mahatma Gandhi
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The Story of The Phenomenon of Mahatma Gandhi
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Story of Gandhi
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2 October 1869
30 January 1948 (aged 78)
Lawyer, anti-colonialist, political ethicist
Leadership of the campaign for India's independence from British rule, nonviolent resistance
"The Story of My Experiments with Truth"
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India, which was part of the British Empire. At age 9, Gandhi entered the local school in Rajkot. In 1888, 18-year-old Gandhi sailed for London, England, to study law. The young Indian struggled with the transition to Western culture.
Gandhi grew up worshiping the Hindu god Vishnu and Jainism, religion that espoused non-violence, fasting, meditation and vegetarianism.
In April 1893, Gandhi sailed for Durban in the South African state of Natal. The discrimination and racial segregation faced by Indian immigrants appalled him. In 1906, Gandhi organized his first civil-disobedience campaign, “Satyagraha” (“truth and firmness”), in reaction to the South African Transvaal government’s new restrictions on the rights of Indians. Later, he became known as “Mahatma,” which means “great soul.”
Gandhi became a leading figure in the Indian movement. He was calling for mass boycotts against for the Crown. Advocating a policy of non-violence and non-cooperation to achieve home rule previously, he remained away from active politics during 1920s.
Gandhi returned to active politics in 1930 to protest Britain’s Salt Acts. Gandhi planned a new Satyagraha campaign, The Salt March, that sparked protests, and mass civil disobedience swept across India.
On January 30, 1948, 78-year-old Gandhi was shot and killed by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic enraged by Mahatma’s efforts to negotiate with Jinnah and other Muslims.
Gandhi’s actions inspired future human rights movements around the globe and other activists, including Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela.
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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi In English for Students and Children
Key Points To Remember When Writing An Essay On Mahatma Gandhi
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Mahatma Gandhi is a popular historical figure. He is known as the father of our nation and is well-regarded by all the citizens of the country and people worldwide. Most Indian children are familiar with Gandhiji and learn about his contribution to the Indian freedom struggle in school. Students may be asked to write an essay on Gandhiji as a class exercise or for a test or competition. For this assignment, they will need to learn and remember facts about his life and how he fought for India’s independence. This may sound challenging for some children, but with guidance, they will be able to write this essay on their own. Here is an essay on Mahatma Gandhi for classes 1, 2 and 3 that will help school children with their assignments.
Writing an essay includes preparation and strategies. To begin with an essay, we need to understand the topic of the essay. When we are aware of the topic of the essay, we can write the essay easily. Whether you are planning to write a small essay, a long essay, or just a few lines about Mahatma Gandhi, gathering information firsthand will help you a lot. You begin your essay by giving an introduction of Mahatma Gandhi, his place of birth, his life and about his personal life. Next, you can talk about his professional life, his studies and achievements, and what contributions he made to the nation’s independence. Finally, you can conclude the essay with how his life teachings inspire today’s generations and how you can still use those teachings in today’s life and influence others.
The essay about Mahatma Gandhi is slightly different from essays on general topics. For these kinds of topics, children need to remember accurate facts and weave a good narrative. If you are looking for good facts and figures in the form of some lines on Mahatma Gandhi, then the following is for you. Here are some important points to remember:
Before starting the essay, it is important to remember facts such as names, places, events and dates accurately.
For short essays, stick to facts about Gandhi and do not dive deep into any specific topics.
For longer essays, start the introduction about the importance of the man in Indian history.
Talk about his early life and work and transition to the ideology of Gandhiji.
Finally, end the essay with his impact on the nation and how he inspired people.
Children of lower primary classes may be asked to write a short essay on Mahatma Gandhi. They can start by jotting down the facts they remember about him and writing them in simple sentences. Students will have to memorise a few dates and facts to be able to write this essay. Below are the top ten factual lines about Mahatma Gandhi that will help you write a perfect essay on Gandhiji, the national personality:
Mahatma Gandhi is well-known as a freedom fighter and the father of our nation. He is popularly called Bapu.
He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat on October 2, 1869.
His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi, and his mother’s name was Putlibai Gandhi.
Gandhiji was married to Kasturba Kapadia.
He went to London to pursue his higher education.
He worked in South Africa as a civil rights activist and fought against racial discrimination.
In 1915 he started the Indian National Congress party.
Gandhiji was a firm believer in ahimsa , which means non-violence, and followed the path of satya vachan, which means being truthful.
As a leader of the freedom struggle, he began his first anti-British movement in 1917.
He was shot to death on January 30, 1948.
Before we begin with an essay in 100 or 200 words, we should first practice with paragraph writing. This is why we bring you a short paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi. Let’s look at the paragraph on this national personality.
Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, is one of India’s most iconic historical figures. He has several monikers, such as ‘the Father of the Nation’, ‘Bapu’ , ‘Mahatma’, ‘Rashtrapita’ , and many more. Gandhiji is popular for his non-violence (Ahimsa) and civil disobedience philosophy. He is also known for his simplicity, truthfulness, and dedication to social justice. Lakhs of people joined Mahatma Gandhi in his journey to free India from the colonial rule. He and his supporters organised movements like the Dandi March (Salt March) and the Quit India Movement, which eventually led to India’s independence in 1947. He was assassinated on January 30, 1948, but his principles and message endure as a beacon of hope and unity.
When asked to write a short essay on Mahatma Gandhi, students can list the highlights they remember about Gandhiji’s life and weave them into a paragraph. Here is a sample essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 200 words:
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is the most popular historical figure in the nation. He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, on October 2, 1869. His family was affluent, and he had a good reputation as a quiet-natured boy. He went to London for his higher education, where he studied law and became a Barrister. He practised law at the Bombay High Court upon his return to India.
Gandhiji later moved to South Africa to work but soon lost interest in law. Instead, he joined hands with the natives there to start satyagraha – a non-violent protest against the oppression of the Europeans. He soon returned to India and joined the struggle for independence from British rule.
He was a simple man who taught simplicity and self-reliance to the people in India. He encouraged them to boycott foreign goods and make their own swadeshi goods. He was loved and respected by people of all communities.
As a freedom fighter, Gandhi was a man of firm conviction. During his freedom struggle, the British had put him in jail several times, where he endured extreme hardships. To honour his role in the freedom struggle, his birthday is observed as a national holiday to pay homage to him and all others who stood with him.
A long essay on Gandhi requires students to know and remember several details on his life and write them with a good narrative. Writing a Mahatma Gandhi essay in English in 500 words and more is not a difficult task. Here is a sample essay for class 3 students on Mahatma Gandhi:
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also called Mahatma Gandhi, is the father of our nation. He was a freedom fighter, national leader, and social reformer who worked tirelessly to make India independent. Famous poet Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of Mahatma. In Sanskrit, ‘Mahatma’ means ‘Great Soul’. He was given this name for his non-violent approach to the freedom movement, contributions to social reform, and convictions to lead a simple life. Since his time, Gandhiji and his philosophy have inspired all social reform movements.
Birth And Childhood
Mahatma Gandhi, aka Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was born on 2 October 1869 in the small town of Porbandar, Gujarat. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, was the Diwan of Porbandar and Rajkot and also a court official in Porbandar. Born to a religious woman, Putlibai Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi became one of the top representatives in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule, known for his philosophy of non-violence (Ahimsa) and civil disobedience.
Marriage And Education
Gandhiji was raised with simplicity, although he was from an affluent family. He was a firm believer in non-violence, which was reflected in his approach to anything he did. Gandhiji went to England in 1888 to study law and become a barrister. After Gandhiji moved to Africa as a lawyer, he soon quit his profession to join the local people in their struggle against European oppression. He spent 20 years fighting discrimination in South Africa before returning to India.
Contribution To India’s Independence
The people who followed him loved his ideology of ‘ Ahimsa ‘ or non-violence. He realised early on that there was a great force in the philosophy of non-violence at a mass level for the freedom movement. He believed in self-reliance and made his own clothes, which started the ‘ Khadi movement’. He urged Indians to boycott foreign products and make their own instead to increase self-reliance. The British put him in jail many times because of his strong stand.
His efforts, combined with the sacrifices of all freedom fighters, were successful, and India gained independence. Mahatma Gandhi and his non-violent approach have been appreciated throughout history, and he became a global role model. His legacy extends beyond India’s borders, inspiring movements for civil rights, freedom, and social change worldwide. Bapu’s teachings and practices continue to be a model of inspiration for those advocating peace, justice, and human rights. He will continue to inspire people everywhere to build a better and more just world for generations to come.
Mahatma Gandhi led several successful campaigns and movements in his time to achieve independence from the colonial government, Let’s talk about some of the major movements of Gandhiji in detail:
1. Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha (1917 – 1918)
Gandhi’s early Satyagrahas (non-violent resistance) in Champaran and Kheda addressed issues faced by indigo and cotton farmers, respectively. Due to meagre agriculture production and crop failure due to unfavourable weather along with high taxation, the situation of farmers deteriorated drastically. Along with farmers and several supporters, Mahatma Gandhi started protests and strikes that eventually led to the British noting the farmers’ demands and doing what was needful for them.
2. Khilafat Movement (1919)
Mahatma Gandhi supported the Khilafat Movement, started by Ali brothers in Turkey against the unfair treatment of Turkey after the First World War, which aimed to protect the Ottoman Empire’s caliphate. He presided over the All India Conference in Delhi and even returned the awards he achieved in the British Empire’s South Africa. He came to the limelight of many Indians for his doings against the British empire, which eventually strengthened his position as a national leader.
3. Non-Cooperation Movement (1920)
The Civil Disobedience Movement aimed to fight unjust laws peacefully with the assistance from the Congress. Under the leadership of Gandhiji, several Indians refused to obey certain British laws and pay taxes. People began boycotting British goods and services, which resulted in mass arrests and heightened global awareness. However, after the Chauri Chaura incident with the killing of 23 police officers, Gandhiji put a stop to the movement.
4. Civil-Disobedience Movement (1930)
The Non-Cooperation Movement aimed at the boycotting of British institutions, schools, and goods by Indians. Several students dropped out of college, and many government employees quit their British jobs. People also boycotted imported clothing, refused to pay taxes, held protests, etc. Millions of people supported and participated in this movement, and it marked a turning point in India’s fight for independence.
5. Quit India Movement (1942)
The Quit India Movement in 1942 finally demanded to put an immediate end to British rule in India. Gandhiji started this movement on August 8, 1942, during World War II, calling it “Quit India”. Because of this movement, several representatives of the Indian National Congress were arrested by the British government, eventually leading to widespread protests and strikes. In the end, the British government decided to surrender control to India and exit from India.
Writing about Mahatma Gandhi in a school essay is an important assignment for children. Being one of India’s most regarded historical personalities, it is beneficial for them to learn about his life and role in India’s freedom struggle for academics and as a proud citizen of the country. This topic is more factual, so students will have to write based on their knowledge rather than their feelings or imagination. In this essay, children will learn how to memorise facts and write a composition on them for exams and assignments. They will learn how to weave a good story about a person in history and explain the relevance to the present.
Here are some facts about Mahatma Gandhi that will surely help your kids:
Although Mahatma Gandhiji’s real name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, people across the nation address him as ‘Bapu’ in Gujarati, as it is entitled as the ‘Father of the Nation.’
Before fighting for India’s independence, Mahatma Gandhi worked as a barrister.
Albert Einstein admired Gandhiji very much. After Bapu’s death, the scientist quotes, ‘Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth.’
Gandhiji followed a simplistic life and wore hand-spun khadi cloth.
Mahatma Gandhi had four children – Manilal, Harilal, Devdas, and Ramdas.
There are several roads and streets named in honour of Gandhiji.
In 1930, Bapu was accredited with the Time Magazine Man of the Year.
To date, Indian currency notes bear the photo monogram of Mahatma Gandhi.
Inspired by Gandhiji’s non-violence philosophy, Martin Luther fought for civil rights peacefully in the United States.
On January 30, 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was tragically assassinated by a man named Nathuram Godse.
1. How did Gandhi’s Philosophy Influence Other Leaders?
Gandhiji’s philosophy of non-violence (Ahimsa) and peaceful protests have a profound influence on leaders across the world. Martin Luther King Jr. Adopted Gandhiji’s principles to fight against racial segregation and discrimination peacefully in the United States. Similarly, Nelson Mandela from South Africa took inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi’s principles to seek justice against apartheid and racial oppression. Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi took Gandhi’s non-violence philosophy as a role model for her campaign for democratic reforms and human rights. Other world leaders who took inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi include Desmond Tutu (South Africa), Lech Wałęsa (Poland), Cesar Chavez (USA), and more.
2. How can Gandhi’s Ideals be Applied in Today’s World?
Children can adopt the philosophies of non-violence (ahimsa), truthfulness (satya), self-discipline (tapasya), and service to others (seva) from Gandhiji. Children can learn to always speak the truth, be kind to people, and always lend a helping hand to people in need.
3. What are Some Famous Books Written by Mahatma Gandhi?
‘ My Experiments With Truth’ is a renowned autobiography penned by Mahatma Gandhi. Other popular books written by him include ‘The Young India’, ‘Hind Swaraj’, and India of My Dreams.’
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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English for Students
- September 30, 2023
- Read Time: 7 Minutes
- Publish Date: September 26, 2023
We are a few days away from the ‘Father of the Nation’s’ birthday, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. October 2 is declared a national holiday to celebrate this special occasion. Gandhiji was a social reformer and one of the key figures in India’s freedom struggle against British rule.
Why do we celebrate Gandhi Jayanti ? To respect and honour his relentless contributions to his nation and his compatriots. With his birthday knocking at the door, students might look for Mahatma Gandhi’s essay – an important topic of discussion in schools and colleges.
- ▪ Early Life & Education
- ▪ Philosophy & Principles
- ▪ Leadership in India's Independence
- ▪ Global Influence & Legacy
- ▪ Wrapping Up
- ▪ FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi Essay
Early Life & Education
Writing an essay on Gandhiji will need you to know his childhood and early education details. Let’s have a look.
Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, had a fascinating early life and education:
1. Family Background: Gandhi was born into a devout Hindu family. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was a chief minister in Porbandar, and his mother, Putlibai, profoundly influenced his religious beliefs.
2. Education in India: He received his early education in Porbandar and later in Rajkot. He was an average student but followed a strong sense of discipline and honesty from a young age.
3. Legal Studies in London: In 1888, at 18, Gandhi travelled to London to study law at University College London. This marked the beginning of his journey into the legal profession.
4. Influence of Western Ideas: During his time in London, he was exposed to Western philosophy, literature and political thought, which later influenced his thinking and approach to social and political issues.
5. South Africa Experience: After completing his legal studies, Gandhi moved to South Africa in 1893 to work as a lawyer. It was in South Africa that he began to develop his philosophy of nonviolent resistance or Satyagraha, while fighting against racial discrimination and injustice.
6. Return to India : Gandhi returned to India in 1915, bringing with him the principles of nonviolent protest and civil disobedience. He became a prominent leader in the Indian Nationalist Movement, advocating for India’s independence from British colonial rule.
Gandhi’s early life and education played a crucial role in shaping his values and beliefs, ultimately leading him to become one of the most influential figures in India’s struggle for independence and a global icon of nonviolent resistance.
Philosophy & Principles
Writing a Mahatma Gandhi essay in English has another main ingredient: his famous philosophy and principles. Let’s check out what he followed and preached that had a global impact.
Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy and principles were deeply rooted in his belief in nonviolence, truth and social justice.
1. Satyagraha (Truth and Nonviolence): Gandhi’s central philosophy was Satyagraha, which means “truth force” or “soul force.” It involved using nonviolent resistance to achieve social and political change. He believed that truth and nonviolence were inseparable and had the power to transform individuals and societies.
2. Ahimsa (Nonviolence): Ahimsa, or nonviolence, was the primary element in Gandhi’s philosophy. He believed in individuals’ moral and ethical duty to refrain from causing harm or violence to others both physically and mentally.
3. Sarvodaya (Welfare of All): Gandhi advocated for the well-being of all members of society, particularly the marginalised and oppressed. He believed in the idea of Sarvodaya, which means the “welfare of all.” His goal was to create a just and equitable society where every individual had equal opportunities and rights.
4. Swadeshi (Self-Reliance): Gandhi encouraged self-reliance and promoted local industries. He believed economic independence was crucial for India’s freedom from British colonial rule. He promoted the use of indigenous goods and boycotted British-made products.
5. Civil Disobedience: Gandhi advocated for civil disobedience as a nonviolent means to resist unjust laws and policies. He believed that individuals had a moral duty to disobey laws that violated their conscience and principles.
6. Equality and Social Justice: Gandhi was a staunch advocate for social justice and equality. He fought against discrimination based on caste, religion and gender. He believed in the dignity and worth of every individual.
7. Global Peace: Gandhi’s principles extended beyond India’s borders. He advocated for world peace and resolving conflicts through nonviolence and diplomacy.
In a Gandhi Jayanti essay, it’s compulsory to discuss the significant Gandhi principles. Gandhi’s philosophy and principles played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence and inspired movements for civil rights, social justice and nonviolence worldwide. His commitment to truth and nonviolence continues to be a source of inspiration for individuals and movements striving for positive change.
Also Read: Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti Speech in English
Leadership in India’s Independence
A Mahatma Gandhi essay must include his prolific leadership story and how it significantly impacted India’s freedom fight.
The Non-Cooperation Movement was a pivotal campaign led by Mahatma Gandhi in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule. It was launched in 1920.
1. Boycott of British Goods: One of the central elements of the Non-Cooperation Movement was the boycott of British-made goods. Gandhi urged Indians to stop buying British products and instead use locally-made goods, promoting self-reliance and hitting the British economy in India.
2. Non-Cooperation with British Authorities: Indians were encouraged to resign from government jobs, quit British-controlled educational institutions and boycott British courts and law practices. The aim was to withdraw support from the British administrative machinery.
3. Surrender of Titles and Honors: Many Indians, as a symbolic act of defiance, renounced their titles, honours and positions in the British government and returned their awards.
4. Mass Mobilisation: The Non-Cooperation Movement successfully mobilised millions of Indians, transcending regional and social boundaries. It marked a significant awakening of the Indian masses to the cause of independence.
5. Suspension of the Movement: The Non-Cooperation Movement was suspended in 1922 after the violent Chauri Chaura incident where a confrontation between protesters and the police turned deadly. Gandhi believed that nonviolence was paramount and called off the movement to prevent further violence.
Although temporarily suspended, the Non-Cooperation Movement had far-reaching consequences. It established the effectiveness of nonviolent resistance as a tool for achieving political change. It also profoundly impacted British policies in India and contributed to the eventual achievement of India’s independence in 1947.
The next must include in a Mahatma Gandhi essay is the legendary movement led by him: The Salt Satyagraha. The Salt Satyagraha, also known as the Salt March or Dandi March, was a pivotal event in India’s struggle in 1930.
The primary aim was to protest the British monopoly on salt production and sales which heavily taxed this essential commodity affecting all Indians.
1. Gandhi and a group of followers marched about 240 miles from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, a coastal town.
2. At Dandi, Gandhi and his followers defied the salt laws by making their own salt from seawater.
3. This symbolic act of defiance encouraged Indians across the country to break the salt laws, leading to mass protests and the production of illegal salt.
The Salt Satyagraha was a nonviolent protest against British salt laws, illustrating the power of civil disobedience and nonviolence.
It gained significant international attention and support for India’s independence movement. The movement marked a turning point in India’s struggle for freedom and increased Indian unity and participation in the independence movement.
As a result, the British responded with mass arrests, but the movement grew, putting pressure on British rule.
The Quit India Movement must also be mentioned while crafting a Gandhiji essay in English. It Was a mass protest led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942, demanding an immediate end to British colonial rule in India. It played a significant role in India’s struggle for independence.
The Quit India Movement was significant because it marked a turning point in India’s struggle for independence. It led to widespread civil disobedience, increased international attention and ultimately hastened the end of British colonial rule in India.
Global Influence & Legacy
If you’re asked to write an essay on Mahatma Gandhi, all the points should be well-structured. One of the essential elements to include in a Mahatma Gandhi essay is his global Influence and the honours he received for his remembering contributions.
Time Magazine’s Person of the Year (1930): Gandhiji was named Time Magazine’s Person of the Year in 1930 for his leadership in the Indian independence movement and his philosophy of nonviolence.
Time 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century (1999): Gandhi was named one of Time magazine’s 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century in 1999.
In a Mahatma Gandhi essay, it’s important to note how his teachings also play a critical part in today’s society. Gandhi’s influence continues to be felt today in various ways:
1. Nonviolence: His philosophy of nonviolence or Ahimsa inspires movements and leaders advocating for peaceful change and social justice worldwide.
2. Civil Rights: Gandhi’s methods influenced civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela, who adopted nonviolent resistance in their struggles.
3 . Global Peace: His principles remain relevant in international conflict resolution and peace-building efforts.
4 . Environmentalism: Gandhi’s emphasis on simple living and sustainability aligns with modern environmental and sustainability movements.
5. Social Justice: His commitment to equality and social justice remains a guiding light for activists fighting against discrimination and inequality.
Gandhi’s legacy symbolises the enduring power of nonviolence, truth and moral leadership.
Also Read: Gandhi Jayanti Essay in English for Students
That wraps up our discussion on a Mahatma Gandhi essay. A legendary figure in India’s freedom struggle, an essay on him must include all the essential facts and details related to him.
Gandhi’s principles and legacy will continue to be felt even in the coming days, as those are the main ingredients towards a better society. As proud Indians, we must follow in his footsteps and stick to his shared teachings, which will ultimately serve our benefit.
FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi Essay
Q1. what were gandhi’s significant contributions to india’s independence movement.
Gandhi led various movements, including the Non-Cooperation Movement, Salt Satyagraha and Quit India Movement, which played crucial roles in India gaining independence in 1947.
Q2. How did Gandhi’s philosophy influence other civil rights movements globally?
Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolence inspired leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. in the U.S. civil rights movement and Nelson Mandela in the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa.
Q3. What is Gandhi’s lasting legacy?
Gandhi’s legacy is a source of inspiration for those striving for social justice, nonviolence and positive change in the world.
Q4. What were Gandhi’s core principles?
Gandhi’s core principles included nonviolence (Ahimsa), truth (Satyagraha), civil disobedience and social justice.
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Mahatma Gandhi: Strengths and Weaknesses Term Paper
Introduction, mahatma gandhi: leadership theory, recommendations to increase effectiveness, mahatma gandhi: overall performance, personal reflections.
Best known for his outstanding qualities of a peacemaker and utilitarian, Mahatma Gandhi was a charismatic, altruistic, and selfless leader. Without a single violent action, he managed to achieve such progress in Indian-British relationships which other nations could not even dream about with the use of military power. His strongest weapon was love – love to his friends and foes, subordinates and masters, and adherents and opponents. Gandhi’s style of leadership was unique due to the application of visionary leadership and the servant leadership methodologies. His legacy as the leader is the exalted name of “The Father of India” (Munshi, 2010)
Addressing Gandhi’s strengths as a leader, this person was prominent due to the implementation of the shared vision leadership strategy. His charismatic impact on followers was explained by the power of his ideas and his own example. Being a member of the highest caste in India, endowed by excellent opportunities in life such as brilliant education and well-paying occupation, Gandhi led a life of simplicity and limitations. His exhausted body was his powerful tool to persuade million people to follow him in the fight for the vindication of Indian rights. According to Stanley Wolpert.
By re-creating himself, through the power of his passion, in the humble, vulnerable image of India’s poorest starving naked millions, Gandhi could, when moved to do so by his ‘inner voice,’ call upon that unarmed ragged army, whose pain he mirrored and magnified in his own naked body, to follow him barefoot up India’s Via Dolorosa to freedom. And countless millions unhesitatingly did follow him, not as a modern political leader, nor as a medieval native prince or martial maharaja, but as their own Mahatma, India’s “Great Soul” (qtd. in Bligh & Robinson, 2010, p. 844).
The quotation mentioned above demonstrates the strongest inner qualities of this prominent leader, which are the ability to communicate his thoughts through words and deeds, connectedness with followers, focus on the shared vision, strong ideation skills, and outstanding positivity. Other strengths of this inimitable person are proactivity, highly effective conflict management skills, emotional intelligence, cultural intelligence, celebrating diversity and excellent problem solving and decision making skills.
Speaking about Gandhi’s weaknesses, it is necessary to note that they are not as eloquent as his virtues. Still, according to a number of critics, this leader was not charismatic to the full extent. Although he did demonstrate ability to draw masses, but this result was achieved due to his message and not the pathos of his speech. The following statement made by Bligh and Robinson. (2010) offers more details to understand Gandhi’s limitations as a speaker, “Gandhi’s rhetoric contained a number of charismatic themes, underscoring the strong impact of his visionary rhetoric despite lacking a dramatic and memorable delivery style or pervasive media coverage” (p. 853). Further, Gandhi failed to perform well as a team protector and the major aspect of this problem was his negligence in relation to his own personality. His altruism was not balanced by the care for the personal well-being. As a result, Gandhi did not succeed in his mission realization to the full extent because a fanatic person killed him. Another weakness in Gandhi’s leadership practices was the failure to establish well-measurable strategic planning indicators. As a consequence, the followers of this politician lacked specific information regarding their final purpose and intermediate objectives on their road to success. All these negative factors delayed Indian success for decades.
Gandhi’s approach to leadership can be characterized as visionary leadership, servant leadership, Laissez-Faire style leadership, paternalistic leadership, and transformational leadership. In Gandhi’s case, visionary leadership is demonstrated through the use of the collaborative approach to develop the shared vision with an entire nation to encourage people to act in a particular way with an objective of a common goal realization. By his own life example, Gandhi created and articulated realistic, convincing, and appealing vision of the future of India. Besides, he supported leadership roles of others by his own example.
In addition, Gandhi’s concept of leadership can be characterized as servant leadership, which is explained by the main characteristics of his personality. In this vein, he demonstrated excellent listening skills, empathy, awareness, foresight, conceptualization, stewardship, building community, and commitment to the growth of people. Moreover, he prioritized the needs of those whom he served over his own needs (Kouzes & Posner, 2012).
Next, Gandhi’s leadership style is the synthesis of the Laissez-Faire and the democratic style with the dominating of the Laissez-Faire. Such conclusion can be made because the leader practiced decision making from different perspectives, was highly motivational, relied on effective team work, promoted flourishing interpersonal relations, and developed a positive climate among the followers (Munshi, 2010).
Further, Gandhi’s leadership is the eloquent example of paternalistic type of leadership style. To support this statement, the politician played the role of a ‘father figure’ in Indian society, he believed in the need to support his followers as his children, and adopted family-based decision making manner.
Finally, since Gandhi’s personal impact helped his followers make positive changes, his leadership style can be also defined as transformational leadership (Kouzes & Posner, 2012). Gandhi’s transformational impact is often listed among his most prominent personal qualities.
Using the information learnt during this course, the following recommendations concerning the increase of leadership effectiveness could be offered to the leader:
- improve oratorical skills to ensure a higher level of charisma;
- work on team protection and personal protection:
- include measurable indicators of success (Northouse, 2012).
To make these recommendations, such variables as power of speech, the level of care for personal welfare, and strategic planning practices were taken into consideration. Speaking about the third variable, it is necessary to note that the assessment of strategic planning indicators measuring Gandhi’s objectives as an Indian leader demonstrated the lack of pragmatism in his activity. Below, each of the three recommendations will be observed more closely.
The actualization of rhetoric skills is necessary for a great leader since it is through the artful speech that a leader communicates one’s ideas to the followers. In connection with the above-made statement, the following comment by Bligh and Robinson (2010) finds implementation in Gandhi’s case, “it is the content of a leader’s message that invites followers to embark down the leader’s chosen path, and motivates and reassures followers to continue when that path becomes difficult” (p. 853).
Team protection and personal security matters should be the central priorities for a great leader as this individual should demonstrate such important qualities as being alert to social environment and adaptable to the changing circumstances. Unless a leader has a special focus on security measures, his or her project will not succeed due to opponents’ resistance. Gandhi’s murder is a thought provoking illustration to the truth related higher. Failure to implement such an important recommendation as team protection is a fatal mistake not only for a business but it is highly possible that it may have implications for a leader in person.
Development of measurable indicators of success is as important as the elaboration of the shared vision. Without well-weighted assessment tools, neither leader nor his of her followers are able to identify the level of performance of a team and its members on an individual basis. Therefore, the implementation of correctional measures will become impossible or hindered (Northouse, 2012).
In essence, Mahatma Gandhi’s leadership style is peculiar for continuous learning and improvement, excellent listening ability, execution effectiveness, proactivity, non-stop self-awareness development, high degree of self-discipline, value-driven vision, holistic perspective in every endeavor, and being open-minded. Moreover, outstanding success of this leader was connected with the fact that he always practiced what he taught. Thus, Gandhi is a vivid example of visionary leadership, servant leadership, and transformational leadership
To integrate the information learnt during this course into my own leadership practice, I plan to work both on eliminating my weaknesses and on my strengths optimization. First, my primary objective is to ensure high level of personal discipline and self-organization since a great leader is the one capable of restricting one’s unnecessary wishes and vein pursuits in order to achieve important goals of business development. Numerous talented people failed to perform well in the area of leadership because they did not pay enough attention to self-discipline. In this regard, Gandhi’s example became a source of inspiration to me. Nowadays, few people will decide to limit their expectations of life to such an extent as Gandhi because modern world is the world of consumption, egoism, and selfishness. Still, I aim to be more balanced in pursuing my self-interests since I do not want to be destructed from realization the goal of my life. Thus, it is crucial for me to know how to control my opportune time, not to waste it on unnecessary works, and help my followers in this important task.
Further, I reserved to focus on my community building skills development and on removing the problems we have in this field in my company. First, I am going to facilitate the creation of the shared vision to unite the collective body of workers and the management. Second, I aim to promote diversity among the employees since I am concerned about the malpractices certain individuals demonstrate in the field of cooperation with the rest of the personnel in the company (Kouzes & Posner, 2012).
Finally, after a detailed study of Gandhi’s success practices, I adopted a decision to continue the process of self-development and self-education to actualize self-awareness. One of the key aspects of Gandhi’s excellence is his belief that he had to enlarge the body of his knowledge on a daily basis and he made it the sense of his life. This remarkable attitude encouraged me to acquire new knowledge and regularly exchange positive experience with my colleagues to become more skilled in diversified areas including solving problems and anti-crisis management.
Bligh, M., & Robinson, J. (2010). Was Gandhi “charismatic”? Exploring the rhetorical leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. The Leadership Quarterly , 21 (5), 844-855.
Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2012). The leadership challenge (5th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Munshi, S. (2010). Learning Leadership: Lessons from Mahatma Gandhi. Asian Journal Of Social Science, 38 (1), 37-45.
Northouse, P. G. (2012) Leadership theory and practice . (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi’s Educational Philosophy in English for Children and Students
Table of Contents
Mahatma Gandhi’s Educational Philosophy: Mahatma Gandhi believed in the all-around development of a person by way of educating him on different levels. As per him, a person is truly educated when he is able to draw out the best from within. He advocated that only acquiring literacy does not mean being educated. Education involves a lot more. He stressed the moral education of a person more than the academic education.
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According to him a true, honest, and morally sound illiterate person is far better than a morally corrupt highly educated individual. Nevertheless, he was also of the opinion that education is essential for development and growth, but the wisdom acquired by education must be used in the growth of the nation and welfare of fellow countrymen.
Long and Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi’s Educational Philosophy in English
Here we have provided long and short essay on Mahatma Gandhi’s Educational Philosophy to help you with the topic in your exam.
After going through the essays you will understand what were the thoughts of Father of the Nation on Education.
You can go with any Mahatma Gandhi’s Educational Philosophy essay you choose best for you as per your need and present them whenever required during your school competitions.
Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi’s Educational Philosophy – Essay 1 (200 words)
Mahatma Gandhi was a highly learned and intelligent person. He studied Law and Jurisprudence from London and became an English Barrister. He could have easily chosen a lucrative career and a settled family life however his love for his country made him dive into the freedom struggle. He gave up his polished career to join the Indian struggle for independence and gave his heart and soul to it.
He knew the importance of education and promoted the same. His educational philosophy was a bit different though. While the government stressed upon being literate and increasing the literacy rate and does that even today, Mahatma Gandhi felt that merely being literate was not enough. As per him, it was important to be educated and develop skills that match ones calibre so as to do well in life. It would not only help in that person’s growth and development but also prove to be good for the society.
Gandhi ji believed that merely theoretical knowledge is not enough. It is essential to render practical knowledge to the students in order to develop proper understanding of the subject. He believed that every individual has the right to be educated and that education must be made compulsory for everyone. He worked towards promoting education in India.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi’s View on Education – Essay 2 (300 words)
Mahatma Gandhi believed that education is one of the most important ingredients in the development of an individual as well as the society and the nation as a whole. A nation with educated citizens can develop at a far better speed compared to that with uneducated population. He believed that every child in India must be educated as education is the key to a good living.
Gandhi Ji did not Conform to the Indian Education System
Mahatma Gandhi wanted every child to attend school and seek education. He left no chance to propagate the importance of education. However, he did not conform to the Indian education system.
His philosophy on education differed a great deal from the education system being followed in our country. While the schools in India focused on theoretical knowledge, Gandhi ji suggested laying emphasis on practical knowledge. He believed that it is a better way to invoke interest and create thorough understanding of the subject. He also believed that the students must be taught social skills and the need to support each other to grow as a nation.
He believed that schools must work upon invoking the feeling of patriotism among students.
Gandhi ji Aimed for Free and Compulsory Education
Gandhi ji believed that education is the key to better living. He promoted the right to basic knowledge. He was well aware about the social and economic condition of fellow Indians. He knew that even though there are many people who want to send their children to school however they cannot afford the same.
Thus, he appealed to make education free for students until the age of 14. He also wanted education to be made compulsory for all so that no one suffers due to lack of knowledge.
Gandhi ji wanted to see our country bloom with educated youth as he believed education has the power to show the right path to an individual.
Essay on Gandhi’s Aims of Education – Essay 3 (400 words)
Mahatma Gandhi’s aim of education was to bring out the best in a student by working on various aspects. He believed that education must be such that it develops a student mentally, physically, morally, aesthetically and spiritually.
People should be Educated, Not Just Literate
The term literacy is often used synonymously with education. It is often said that we need to increase the literacy rate for the growth and development of the country. However, Gandhi ji did not conform to this idea. He believed that literacy alone cannot help.
He emphasized the need to understand the difference between education and literacy and promoted education. He said that merely teaching children to read and write and learn different subjects would not help. They need to be trained thoroughly to understand various other aspects and grow at a deeper level.
Education Tools Suggested by Mahatma Gandhi
Gandhi ji strongly believed that a child can truly develop if we educate him properly and try to bring out the best in him. For doing so he suggested various tools. One of the main tools suggested by Gandhi ji to ensure better understanding of the subject was to focus on practical knowledge rather than theoretical knowledge. He believed that this was a good way to invoke the student’s interest in the subject and provide greater understanding about the same.
Gandhi ji also emphasized upon teaching the students in their mother tongue. He believed that students can understand a subject better if it is taught in their mother tongue. As per him, this will bring in clarity of thoughts and ideas. Besides this way students would not only be able to understand better but will also be able to express their ideas and views with ease. The classroom sessions would thus become more interactive and interesting.
Gandhi ji also believed that education must build a student’s character and not just impart knowledge on different subjects. He said that the students must be made socially aware from the beginning. Social awareness must be given to the students in school.
He also appealed to use non-violent ways to teach and train students so that they enjoy their sessions and look forward to them rather than staying in constant fear of the teacher.
Thus, Gandhi’s aim of education was simple. It was basically the all round development of the students and he suggested many tools and principles for the same.
Essay on Main Principles of Mahatma Gandhi’s Educational Philosophy – Essay 4 (500 words)
Gandhiji’s educational philosophy has been widely appreciated and accepted. He had a very practical view on education and believed it should work on developing every aspect of a person and not just help him to read and write. He talked at length about the kind of education the Indian schools should render to their students.
Main Principles of Gandhi’s Educational Philosophy
Here are the main principles of Gandhi’s educational philosophy:
- All Round Development
Gandhi ji stated that the main aim of education should be to draw the best out of a person’s mind, body and soul. This is to say that he must not only develop at the mental level but also at physical, spiritual, aesthetic and intellectual level. The aim should not just be to provide literacy but to develop the students in every aspect.
- Free Compulsory Education
Gandhiji believed that education can change a person for good and also help in the development of the nation. Since many people in our country cannot afford to educate their children, he suggested free education for the children aged 7 to 14 years. He also suggested that education should become compulsory.
- Mother Tongue as the Medium of Instructions
Gandhi ji believed that our mother tongue must be the medium of instruction for education. This would help in better understanding and clarity of ideas. It would also help in better expression of ideas and promote interactive session.
- Craft Centered Education
Gandhi ji believed that handicraft was the means to develop the mind as well as soul. Thus, schools must not focus on theoretical knowledge. They must instead introduce craft from the pre-primary classes. This would help in invoking creativity, innovation and also enhance the mind-hand coordination among the various other benefits.
- Creed of Non-Violence
As per Gandhi ji, it was essential to apply the principle of non-violence while educating and training the students for their proper development. The use of violence invokes the feeling of fear and does not give the freedom of expression to the students. It hampers a child’s creativity.
- Emphasis on Practice rather than Theory
The Indian education gives importance to theoretical knowledge and practical knowledge takes a back seat. Gandhi ji stressed upon giving practical lessons to the students as he believed that this helps in active participation of the students in the class. On the other hand, during theoretical sessions students are just passive listeners and tend to lose interest in the lecture every now and then. Practical sessions help in creating a better understanding of the subject.
- Social Awareness and Service
Gandhi ji believed that it is important for everyone to be socially aware. This must be taught from the very beginning. Besides, love for motherland must also be invoked among students. They must be encouraged to live in coordination with their fellow citizens and help them whenever need be. Schools must conduct special programs to promote the same.
Gandhi’s educational philosophy was quite progressive. Adopting his philosophies can bring about a positive change in the Indian education system.
Long Essay on Educational Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi – Essay 5 (600 words)
A well educated and qualified leader, Mahatma Gandhi left no opportunity to talk about the importance of education. He spoke at length about the significance of education and encouraged the people of India to educate their children for their better future. He also appealed to the government to support the education of children belonging to the poor families.
Mahatma Gandhi Explained the Need for Basic Education
Mahatma Gandhi talked about the importance of acquiring basic education through his articles. He also spoke about the same during his seminars and lectures. He believed that acquiring basic education is a basic human right as the development of man is not possible without education.
Mahatma Gandhi Brought Reforms in the Education Field
The impact of Mahatma Gandhi’s articles and lectures on the importance of basic education was so strong that it brought about reforms in the field of education. His articles were discussed in details and it gave way to the scheme of Basic Education under Dr. Zakir Hussain’s leadership. The below mentioned resolutions were passed based on the same:
- Every Indian child must be given free and compulsory education for seven years to help him/ her attain basic education.
- The process of education must focus on some kind of production work involving craft.
- The mother tongue must be chosen as the medium of instruction.
- Education must be self-supporting to certain extent.
Two committees were set up subsequently – one to implement these resolutions and another to suggest action for synchronizing basic education with higher education.
Mahatma Gandhi Changed the Notion behind Acquiring Education
Mahatma Gandhi discussed the real problem behind people ignoring the importance of education. He said that the main problem is that people look at education as just a means of earning livelihood. They seek training and education only relevant to earning their livelihood. For instance, parents and teachers focus on students getting good grade in their examination whether or not they understand the concepts.
This is because good grades help in acquiring admission in a good college that helps in getting a lucrative job. Similarly, the education of girl child was not given importance during his time because girls were not allowed to go out and work. They were restricted to the household tasks only. So, it was believed that they did not require education. This clearly showed that education was only seen as a way to earn livelihood.
Mahatma Gandhi urged the people to change the way they looked at education. He emphasized that education is not just needed to earn but also to build character. Thus, focus must be on learning to grow and develop. People must seek education irrespective of whether they aimed to earn or not. He said that if we do not understand this small concept we would not be able to value education.
His lectures did impact the general public. People started understanding the true value and importance of education. They were inspired to seek education.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Contribution to Literature
Mahatma Gandhi wrote quite a few books that served as inspiration for thousands of people during his time and continue to do so even today. His publications include My Experiments with Truth, India of My Dreams, The Essential Gandhi and The Words of Gandhi. He also wrote articles on Basic Education that served as a motivational force to bring about reforms in the field of education in India. Mahatma Gandhi also edited many journals including Young India and Harijan.
By way of his writings, Gandhi ji tried to reach out to the general public and bring about positive changes in their lives.
Thus, Gandhi ji contributed a great deal to the field of education. His educational philosophy was naturalistic and idealistic. He suggested ideas to mould the education system in such a way that it ensured the all round development of an individual.
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Essays on Mahatma Gandhi, Life, Achievements & Struggles
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Mahatma Gandhi was an epitome of truth and honesty. The following long and short essays, Paragraphs and speeches focus on his life, achievements, sacrifices struggles to win the freedom for Indian as the father of Nation.
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These essays are brief, simple and easy to understand with quotes, images and info graphics for Ukg kids, children of class 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10th and higher level students
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi | Bio, Struggles, Achievements Role, Life Lessons | Mahatma Gandhi Essays with Quotes For Children & Students
Mahatma Gandhi is one of the greatest leaders that the history has ever produced. He was one in millions. His life is of struggles, achievements, sacrifices and service for humanity. He brought freedom to India. The following Essays & Paragraphs has been written in line to honor one of the greatest leader of Indian sub continent.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi For Students | Bio, Achievements, Role and Life Lessons
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in porbandar Gujrat India. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was given title of Mahatma by RobindranathTagore which means great soul.
He belonged to a middle class family of Gujrat. He received his early education there in India. After matriculation exams he went England to study the law and returned India as a lawyer in 1890.
Achievements and Struggles
The man for whom it is said that he was the friend of all and enemy to none. He helped all Indians and loved all including Hindus and Muslims, that’s why he is loved and liked by all in every part and parcel of the world.
In the history of India he is known as the father of the nation. Indians lovingly call him BAPU JI. It is he who fought for the independence of Indians and blessed them with a separate sovereign nation. He was a humanitarian and worked for the welfare of humanity in general.
He didn’t believe in sectarianism nor in grouping, he sought and fought for the nation where there is religious pluralism, he wanted to establish a nation where people belonging to different religions lead a happy and prosperous life.
He wanted unity of Hindu Muslims who were in majority in subcontinent, he believed in unity of Hindus and Muslims. He paid selfless services and sacrifices for the betterment of humanity on the whole.
During 1919 he started a peaceful movement called non-violence movement. Through this movement he aimed to have no fight and no violence in subcontinent.
He was sick and tired of British rule over Indians he believed that British were ruling over Indians because of co-operation of Indians so he launched a movement named as non-cooperation movement before two and half decades of independence of India in 1920.
This movement aimed to cease cooperation with British. After this campaign Indians boycotted all foreign goods and banned use of products of English people, they started using domestic products only.
When he couldn’t tolerate the miserable and pitiful plight of Indians who were starving and suffering under the British rule, he devised new plan to remove and dismantle the dominance of British over Indians.
In 1930 he started a civil disobedience movement to weaken the power of British over the territory of India. Later in 1942 he started Quit India Movement, through this movement he forced British to leave India. He faced many metal and physical tortures and was forced to stay back but he didn’t yield in to the malevolent tactics of British.
He was jailed and imprisoned many times, he suffered to a large extent, in those stormy days of oppression he remained steadfast to his mission and gained an independent nation for Indians.
He paid unforgettable sacrifices in the history and politics of India. Through these movements he awakened all Indians and inspired Indians to fight for their rights and independence.
Life Lessons For Us
One can learn the lesson of truth and honesty from his life because his whole life was an experiment with truth, modesty, simplicity, sincerity and dedication. He gave a message of non-violence in human conduct which is the divine nature of human spirit.
He preached truth and goodness. His heroic struggles and efforts teach a lesson that one who aspire to achieve anything he can achieve it by struggling hard and sacrificing.
>>> Read Also : “Paragraph On Mahatma Gandhi & his Achievements”
Mahatma Gandhi the greatest leader and the father of India who worked every waking moment for the freedom of Indians. He lived a simple life but left an unforgettable name in the history of India.
Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi For Students
Mahatma Gandhi the founder of nation, the father of India who is also known as the BAPU by Indians. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October1869 in a well to do, middle class family of porbandar Gujarat.
His father Karamchand uttamchand Gandhi was a merchant in Gujrat. His mother’s name was Putlibai. Gandhi got married at the age of 13 with kasturba and had four children from her.
He was very hardworking and intelligent since his childhood. He got primary education from Gujarat and passed matriculation examination from Bombay India. He was sent to England to study law. He graduated in law from England and returned India as a lawyer.
As he reached India soon he left to South Africa where he spent 20 years of his life. He fought for the rights of Indians and black people. He became a popular leader of black people because he inspired them to raise voice against injustice.
In 1915 he returned to India and joined Indian national congress. Being an active member of Indian National congress he studied and observed the condition of Indians and couldn’t bear the injustice and inequality which Indians were facing.
He believed in unity and justice to all, he led Indians and influenced them with his rich ideas and united them under a platform and started fighting for their cause.
He started Satyagrah Movement to end the cruel and unjust practices of British. His non-violence movement was a milestone to the freedom of Indians. He didn’t like division, so he tried to unite all people of subcontinent and fight for their rights.
He didn’t allow Indians to fight among themselves nor to hurt any one, he wanted to fight against injustice without any bloodshed. When he observed that British succeeded because of the cooperation of Indians, he started Non-cooperation Movement, after this campaign all Indians said no to the products of foreign and used domestic goods. After this movement British lost the power and dominance over Indians.
Finally he started Quit India Movement, through this movement he forced British to leave India.In reaction to his endless movements British imprisoned and jailed him but he didn’t leave his mission.
He sacrificed and suffered a lot during this period, at last he succeeded to get an independent state for the people of India. He was very simple and lived whole life in simplicity and advocated peace and love. He reformed the society and rooted out social evils.
He loved humanity and fought for all people of India. His message is the message of love and brotherhood. He tried to the utmost to unite people of different religions and created among them.
All Indians are indebted to this great soul who worked hard day and night for their freedom. He laid the foundation stone of such a strong nation whose stubborn resistance spoils the tactics of foes till this day. The title of Mahatma suits him because he really possessed a great soul. May his soul rest in peace.
Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi For Kids, Children & Students
Mahatma Gandhi whose full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.He was born in a middle class family of porbandar Gujrat. His father’s name was Karamchand
uttamchand Gandhi and his mother’s name was Putlibai. His wife’s name was kasturba. He got his early education in Bombay and went England for higher studies where he graduated in law
He was a revolutionary man, he fought for the rights of common people.Throughout his life he stood by the poor and oppressed, he understood the miseries of low class people and tried to solve their problems. He was philanthropist, he never discriminated people nor ever thought to divide them rather he united people of diverse religions and created brotherhood among them.
He is widely known and celebrated for his struggles and efforts for the independence of Indians. He was very genius and sagacious person. He being the salt of Indian soil, never let British usurp the basic rights of Indians.
He headed many movements in order to break the chains of slavery in which millions of Indians were subjugated. He is famous for his movement of non-violence and quit India Movement. He disintegrated the cooperation with British government and inspired people to do so in order to weaken their power and prestige.
His whole life is an example of utter sincerity, utter self-sacrifice, truth and honesty. He rendered selfless services for mankind and people of India.
Though there were many to fight for the cause of others but he was the first person to come forward and lead people. He didn’t live for himself, nor he had any materialistic desire. He didn’t fight for his name and fame but for the welfare of mankind.
He is no more among us but his ideas, beliefs and lessons are a leading light for the generations to come. He will always remain alive in the history of India.
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Essays on Gandhi Prize-winning Essays of the classical contest organised by CITYJAN News weekly, Navi Mumbai on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti on 2 nd October, 2002.
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The Relevance of Gandhi For All Times
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By Ravi Kumar (General Open Category)
MAHATMA GANDHI - the greatest of our leaders. He lit the imagination of the entire nation. There is a basic lesson of Indian History. Our people have always taken their moral standards from their rulers; the people have risen to great heights when they have basked in the glow of noble kings or leaders. The present generation is waiting for a leader who will make it relearn the moral values, and who will inculcate in the people, as Gandhi did, a sense of the responsibilities which fall on every citizen of a free society. The waste of human ability energy and money on armament will continue unabated, and diversion of world resources to development will remain a pipe dream, so long as man does not learn the great lesson which Gandhi preached so convincingly in our own times-viz. non-violence is the law of our species. The diversion of world resources to development stands no practical chance of being heeded unless and until the balance of terror is replaced by the balance of terror is replaced, by the balance of reason. Although it is true that India has been an integrated nation since olden times; it is also true that on the present context Gandhian values have special significance for national integration. Today communal amity has become essential for national integration and hence Gandhi gave it the highest priority. By communal unity Gandhiji did not mean merely paying lip service to 'bhaibhai-ism'. He meant it to be an unbreakable heart unity'. In the religious context Gandhi emphasized that communal unity has to be based on equal respect for all religions. Everyone, Gandhi said, must have the same regard for other faiths as he had for his own. Such respect would not only remove religious rifts but lead to a realization of the fact that religion was a stabilizing force, not a disturbing element. Gandhi's basic axiom was that religion since the scriptures of all religions point only in one direction of goodwill, openness and understanding between men and men and between community and community. Gandhiji regarded education as the light of life and the very source from which was created an awareness of oneness. Gandhi believed that the universality of religion can best be realized through the universlization of education, and that such universalization was the spring board for national integration. Harmony is not brought about about overnight. Gandhi advocated the process of patience, persuasion and perseverance for attainment of peace and love for harmony and was firmly convinced of the worth of gentleness as panacea for all evils. Communal harmony had the pride of place in Gandhi's constructive programme. He taught us the dignity of labour as a leveling social factor that contributed to a national outlook in keeping with the vision of new India. he always believed that a nation built on the foundation of non-violence would be able to withstand attacks on its-integrity from within and without. Gandhi pleaded for the humanization of knowledge for immunization against the ideas of distrust among the communities of the nations and the nationalities of the world. He wanted to take the country from areas of hostility into areas of harmony of faiths through tolerance, so that we could work towards understanding each other. His mass contact programme was specifically aimed at generating a climate of confidence and competition and eliminating misgiving and misconceptions, conflicts and confrontation. Gandhi also held that bridging the gulf between the well off and the rest was as essential for national integration as inter-religious record. HE said that we must work for economic equality and social justice, which would remove the ills caused by distress and bitterness. He said that we must work for economic equality and social justice, which would remove the ills caused by distress and bitterness. He stressed that the foundation of equality, the core of harmony will have to be laid here now and built up brick by brick through ethical and economic satisfaction of the masses.
Gandhian Relevance - A Phenomenal Success: It is 54 years since Gandhi was assassinated and there are all kinds of discussion in India and abroad on what Gandhi left for humanity and whether many of his teachings would survive the test of time. What even the passionate critic of Gandhi cannot miss is the string of activities along Gandhian lines one can see in almost all countries of the World now. If not in very significant measure there are very few countries in the world where something or the other in the name of Gandhi is not being organized. In short there is a global non-violent awakening after Gandhi. What is the relevance of Gandhi in this all-pervading materialistic, agnostic and consumerist culture? It is precisely these three tendencies Gandhi fought all his life. There is no denying the fact that Gandhi was deep rooted in his cultural and religious traditions. The phenomenal success Gandhi registered in far away South Africa fighting for human rights and civil liberties and later the adoption of the Gandhian techniques by Nelson Mandela and the subsequent revelations made by the former South African president De Klerk that he was greatly influenced by Gandhi's principles. The year 1994 bore witness to the efficacy strategies and philosophy as could be seen from the manner in which the fight Gandhi began 100 years ago in South Africa i.e. in 1903 bearing fruits when the blacks and the whites in South Africa were able to work out a satisfactory solution to a peaceful transfer of power which resulted in the holding of elections and Dr. nelson Mandela taking over the reins of power. In the American continent Martin Luther King's heroic fight for civil liberties on the Gandhian lines and his own admission that it was from Gandhi that he learnt his operational tactics also is not an isolated instance of the relevance of the Gandhian tactics Martin Luther King (Jr.) said, "If humanity is to progress, Gandhi is inescapable. He lived, thought and acted, inspired by the version of a humanity evolving towards a world of peace and harmony. WE may ignore him at our own risk." Gandhi's contribution to the political awakening and freedom movement in different parts of the world and adoption of non-violence strategies which help both the opposing groups respect each other's sentiments and accommodating the news of others as much in common with UNESCO's decision to propagate the message of tolerance for humanity survival. Asia and African Continent particularly has seen peaceful transition power of power and social change, thanks to Gandhi's initiatives and teachings.
I can do no better than to quote the immortal tribute of India's first prime minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, at the time of Gandhi's passing, "The light has gone out of our lives". Now we have to try and see what we can do with our limitations to overcome what Gandhiji described as the seven social sins:
Politics Without Principles. Wealth Without Work. Commerce Without Morality Education Without Character Pleasure Without Conscience. Science Without Humanity. Worship Without Sacrifice.
We can sum it all up by saying that it was Gandhi who, through his dedication, lifted the country from the British policy of 'divide and rule' and let the Indian masses form rivalries to reconciliation and from hostility to harmony. And in this the Mahatma was ably supported by his great disciples- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad and many others.
Remembering Gandhi Assassination of Gandhi Tributes to Gandhi Gandhi's Human Touch Gandhi Poster Exhibition Send Gandhi Greetings Gandhi Books Read Gandhi Books Online Download PDF Books Download EPUB/MOBI Books Gandhi Literature Collected Works of M. Gandhi Selected Works of M.Gandhi Selected Letters Famous Speeches Gandhi Resources Gandhi Centres/Institutions Museums/Ashrams/Libraries Gandhi Tourist Places Resource Persons Related Websites Glossary / Sources Associates of Mahatma Gandhi -->
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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was very noble and a man of his word. Gandhi Ji was also known as the Father of the Nation. His real name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was a great political leader, an Indian lawyer, social activist, writer and nobleman.
Mahatma Gandhi was a person, he was a loving and calm person. He had great empathy for everyone. He was one of the greatest freedom fighters of India and today because of him and many other fighters India is an independent, democratic and secular country.
He was born on 2 October and his birth date is a national holiday in India. People celebrate this day giving tribute to Gandhi Ji throughout India.
In this article we’ll talk about this great man, Gandhi in 4 sets of different essays of 150, 250, 350 and 500 words. The essays provided are in easy and simple language for the kids, students and children to understand and improve their writing skills.
Table of Contents
Mahatma Gandhi Essay 150 Words
Mahatma Gandhi was one of the great freedom fighters of India. Gandhi Ji was born on 2 October 1869. The full name of Mahatma Gandhi is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The name of the father of Gandhi Ji was Karamchand Gandhi and his mothers name was Pitubai.
He was married to a girl named Kasturbai Makhanji when he was just 13 years old. Gandhi Ji was born in Porbandar, Gujarat. He was one of the greatest freedom fighters of India. Because of him and many other freedom fighters, India got freed from the British colonial government.
Mahatma Gandhi studied Law after school from Bombay and did his graduation in the field of law and order from the University of London in 1891. The most famous principle of Gandhi was to walk on the principle of non-violence.
He chose the path which is hard to travel in order to get civil rights. He served for India till the day he died. He was a great leader and he is still remembered by everyone.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay 250 Words
Mahatma Gandhi or Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a very noble man. He was a great political leader and a freedom fighter who fought till death in order to free India from the rule of the British Government. He was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat.
He was raised in a Hindu family. His birthdate, 2nd October is considered as a National Holiday for the entire Nation. People pay tribute to Gandhi in many different ways on this day and celebrate this day with great joy and pride. The names of Gandhi’s parents are Sh.Karamchand Gandhi and Pitubai.
His father was the Chief Minister of Porbandar. Mahatma Gandhi was married to a girl named Kasturbai Makhanji when he was 13 years old and had 4 sons with her. He studied law at the University of Bombay. He completed his graduation from the University of London in 1891.
Mahatma Gandhi was a great political leader, social activist, freedom fighter, writer and an Indian lawyer. He faced discrimination and inequality many times in his life and learned some lessons from it. One of his most important lessons of life was to walk on the path of non-violence and satyagraha.
He was a person with great empathy. Gandhi helped the people suffering from leprosy and often gave shelters to the ill people. He helped the people of backward castes by showing them respect and supporting them on many occasions. Mahatma Gandhi was a very humble and polite man. He had his followers wherever he went. This man walked away from Earth on January 30 in the year 1948.
Read Also: Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi in English
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 350 Words
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a great leader and a noble man. Mahatma Gandhi is known as the Father of the Nation. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi was a great freedom fighter. He struggled a lot for Indian Independence from British colonial rule.
He dressed like a simple man. He wore clothes made of khadi. He was a very calm and humble person and these qualities were the reason why people called him ‘bapu’ (father). He was raised in a Hindu family of western coasts of Gujarat.
He was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. There is a national holiday in India on the day of Gandhi’s birth. The name of his father was Sh.Karanchand Gandhi and his mother’s name was Pitubai. Gandhi was an Indian lawyer, social activist, writer and a great political leader.
Gandhi went to study law first from the University of Bombay then he further went to London to complete his graduation. Mahatma Gandhi went abroad to study law. He completed his graduation from the University of London in 1891 and came back to India. Gandhiji played a major role in getting freedom for India.
Gandhi made the Satyagraha, the salt march to Dandi. Satyagraha is a form of nonviolent resistance or civil resistance which emphasises the power of truth. Satyagraha was in action from March 12 to April 6 in 1930. Gandhiji faced discrimination wherever he went.
Seeing these incidents greatly changed his life and he started to follow the path of non-violence and secularism. People followed his principles and teachings and called him bapu. Gandhi along with the other nationalists struggled for Indian independence until they finally got free from British rule in 1947.
Mahatma Gandhi provided shelters to those in need and who were ill. He helped the people suffering from leprosy. Gandhi Ji also supported the backward communities in gaining respect and understanding. This clearly shows that he was a person full of empathy and respect for everyone and everything.
He respected everyone. He was a very humble and helpful person. This great man died on January 30 in the year 1948 when he was shot three times in his chest.
Read Also: 10 Lines on Mahatma Gandhi
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 500 Words
Mahatma Gandhi is one of the greatest freedom fighters of India. Gandhi was a man of his word. Mahatma He was a very calm person and always thought about making peace with every situation. Gandhi’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The name of his father was Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi who served as the Chief Minister of the state of Porbandar.
His mother Pitubai was a very religious woman and supported Gandhi with his beliefs. Mahatma Gandhi was married to a girl named Kasturbai Makhanji when he was 13 years old and had 4 sons with her. From the very beginning, Gandhi was a sensible person and at a very small age he learned the difference between right and wrong. People of India called him ‘bapu’ because of his certain qualities.
He dressed up like a very simple and humble man who doesn’t care what the world thinks of him. He wore clothes made of khadi. He walked on the path of non-violence and Satyagraha. That’s the reason he is the Father of the Nation. Gandhi was born on 2 October, 1869 in Porbandar state of Gujarat in a Hindu family.
There is a national holiday in India on this particular date and the day of his birth is celebrated in India as Gandhi Jayanti. People celebrate this day paying tribute to the great man Gandhi and remember his sacrifices for our country.
People enjoy this day with great pride and joy. Mahatma Gandhi fought for the civil rights against discrimination. Gandhiji fought for human rights following his principle of non violence. He faced discrimination wherever he go, once he was thrown off a running train even while he was having a first class seat ticket.
These incidents changed him greatly and inspired him to fight against the evils. He faced discrimination wherever he went but instead of escaping from this situation he faced it with courage and took lessons from it. One of his great life lessons was to walk on the pathway of ahinsa which means non-violence.
He walked on the principle of Secularism, Satyagraha and non-violence. There’s one of his most famous quotes which states “Be the change that you wish to see in the world” and “In a gentle way, you can shake the world”.
He was a very sorted man who tried to change the world with his lessons and changed them too. When he went to Africa to practice law, he met several people and made some friends. He made his followers even there. Mahatma is a title which was given to him in South Africa in 1914 by the resident peoples.
Gandhi Ji studied law from the University of Bombay and went to London for further education. He completed his graduation in the field of law and order from the University of London in 1891. He helped the people suffering from leprosy and other critical diseases.
He never differentiated between two individuals. He treated everyone with equality and respect. He even provided shelters to the animals and ill people. In his one quote he says that “The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” which is true indeed.
A man like Gandhi is hard to find, we should be grateful that he was a great son of India. This great man died on January 30, 1948, he was shot three times in his chest.
“The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.” — Mahatma Gandhi. A man like Gandhi could never be born again. The principles of this great man teach us a lot about life. He inspires us to never give up and keep fighting because truth can never lose.
Even today people shed their tears and pay tribute to Gandhi on Gandhi Jayanti in remembrance of his struggle and him. I hope this article helps you in finding whatever you were looking for.
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Mahatma Gandhi Essay
Below we have provided very simple written essay on Mahatma Gandhi, a person who would always live in the heart of Indian people. Every kid and children of the India know him by the name of Bapu or Father of the Nation. Using following Mahatma Gandhi essay, you can help your kids and school going children to perform better in their school during any competition or exam.
Long and Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English
We have provided below short and long essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English for your information and knowledge.
The essays have been written in simple yet effective English so that you can easily grasp the information and present it whenever needed.
After going through these Mahatma Gandhi essay you will know about the life and ideals of Mahatma Gandhi; teachings of Mahatma Gandhi; what role did he played in the freedom struggle; why is he the most respected leader the world over; how his birthday is celebrated etc.
The information given in the essays will be useful in speech giving, essay writing or speech giving competition on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay 1 (100 words)
Mahatma Gandhi is very famous in India as “Bapu” or “Rastrapita”. The full name of him is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was a great freedom fighter who led India as a leader of the nationalism against British rule. He was born on 2 nd of October in 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India.
He died on 30 th of January in 1948. M.K. Gandhi was assassinated by the Hindu activist, Nathuram Godse, who was hanged later as a punishment by the government of India. He has been given another name by the Rabindranath Tagore as “Martyr of the Nation” since 1948.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay 2 (150 words)
Mahatma Gandhi is called as Mahatma because of his great works and greatness all through the life. He was a great freedom fighter and non-violent activist who always followed non-violence all though his life while leading India for the independence from British rule.
He was born on 2 nd of October in 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat, India. He was just 18 years old while studying law in the England. Later he went to British colony of South Africa to practice his law where he got differentiated from the light skin people because of being a dark skin person. That’s why he decided to became a political activist in order to do so some positive changes in such unfair laws.
Later he returned to India and started a powerful and non-violent movement to make India an independent country. He is the one who led the Salt March (Namak Satyagrah or Salt Satyagrah or Dandi March) in 1930. He inspired lots of Indians to work against British rule for their own independence.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay 3 (200 words)
Mahatma Gandhi was a great and outstanding personality of the India who is still inspiring the people in the country as well as abroad through his legacy of greatness, idealness and noble life. Bapu was born in the Porbandar, Gujarat, India in a Hindu family on 2 nd of October in 1869. 2 nd of October was the great day for India when Bapu took birth. He paid his great and unforgettable role for the independence of India from the British rule. The full name of the Bapu is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He went to England for his law study just after passing his matriculation examination. Later he returned to India in as a lawyer in 1890.
After his arrival to India, he started helping Indian people facing various problems from the British rule. He started a Satyagraha movement against the British rule to help Indians. Other big movements started by the Bapu for the independence of India are Non-cooperation movement in the year 1920, Civil Disobedience movement in the year 1930 and Quit India movement in the year 1942. All the movements had shaken the British rule in India and inspired lots of common Indian citizens to fight for the freedom.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay 4 (250 words)
Bapu, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was born in 1869 on 2 nd of October at Porbander in Gujarat, India. Mahatma Gandhi was a great Indian who led India with independence movement against British rule. He completed his schooling in India and went to England for further study of law. He returned to India as a lawyer and started practicing law. He started helping people of India who were humiliated and insulted by the British rule.
He started non-violence independence movement to fight against the injustice of Britishers. He got insulted many times but he continued his non-violent struggle for the Independence of India. After his return to India he joined Indian National Congress as a member. He was the great leader of the India independence movement who struggled a lot for the freedom of India. As a member of the Indian National Congress he started independence movements like Non-Cooperation, Civil Disobedience and later Quit India Movement which became successful a day and help India in getting freedom.
As a great freedom fighter, he got arrested and sent to jail many times but he continued fighting against British rule for the justice of Indians. He was a great believer in non-violence and unity of people of all religions which he followed all through his struggle for independence. After his lots of struggles with many Indians, finally he became successful in making India an independent country on 15 th of August in 1947. Later he was assassinated in 1948 on 30 th of January by the Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay 5 (300 words)
Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who spent his whole life in struggle for the independence of India. He was born in the Indian Hindu family on 2 nd of October in 1869 in the Porbander, Gujarat. He lived his whole as a leader of the Indian people. His whole life story is a great inspiration for us. He is called as the Bapu or Rashtrapita as he spent his life in fighting against British rule for the freedom of us. While fighting with Britishers he took help of his great weapons like non-violence and Satyagraha movements to achieve freedom. Many times he got arrested and sent to the jail but he never discourages himself and continued fighting for national freedom.
He is the real father of our nation who really used his all power to make us free from the British rule. He truly understood the power of unity in people (from different castes, religions, community, race, age or gender) which he used all through his independence movement. Finally he forced Britishers to quit India forever through his mass movements on 15 th of August in 1947. Since 1947, the 15 th of August is celebrated every year as the Independence Day in India.
He could not continue his life after the independence of India in 1947 as he was assassinated by one of the Hindu activists, Nathuram Godse in 1948 on 30 th of January. He was the great personality who served his whole life till death for the motherland. He enlightened our life with the true light of freedom from British rule. He proved that everything is possible with the non-violence and unity of people. Even after getting died many years ago, he is still alive in the heart of every Indian as a “Father of the Nation and Bapu”.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay 6 (400 words)
Mahatma Gandhi is well known as the “Father of the Nation or Bapu” because of his greatest contributions towards the independence of our country. He was the one who believed in the non-violence and unity of the people and brought spirituality in the Indian politics. He worked hard for the removal of the untouchability in the Indian society , upliftment of the backward classes in India, raised voice to develop villages for social development, inspired Indian people to use swadeshi goods and other social issues. He brought common people in front to participate in the national movement and inspired them to fight for their true freedom.
He was one of the persons who converted people’s dream of independence into truth a day through his noble ideals and supreme sacrifices. He is still remembered between us for his great works and major virtues such as non-violence, truth, love and fraternity. He was not born as great but he made himself great through his hard struggles and works. He was highly influenced by the life of the King Harischandra from the play titled as Raja Harischandra. After his schooling, he completed his law degree from England and began his career as a lawyer. He faced many difficulties in his life but continued walking as a great leader.
He started many mass movements like Non-cooperation movement in 1920, civil disobedience movement in 1930 and finally the Quit India Movement in 1942 all through the way of independence of India. After lots of struggles and works, independence of India was granted finally by the British Government. He was a very simple person who worked to remove the colour barrier and caste barrier. He also worked hard for removing the untouchability in the Indian society and named untouchables as “Harijan” means the people of God.
He was a great social reformer and Indian freedom fighter who died a day after completing his aim of life. He inspired Indian people for the manual labour and said that arrange all the resource ownself for living a simple life and becoming self-dependent. He started weaving cotton clothes through the use of Charakha in order to avoid the use of videshi goods and promote the use of Swadeshi goods among Indians.
He was a strong supporter of the agriculture and motivated people to do agriculture works. He was a spiritual man who brought spirituality to the Indian politics. He died in 1948 on 30 th of January and his body was cremated at Raj Ghat, New Delhi. 30 th of January is celebrated every year as the Martyr Day in India in order to pay homage to him.
Essay on Non-violence of Mahatma Gandhi – Essay 7 (800 Words)
Non-violence or ‘ahimsa’ is a practice of not hurting anyone intentionally or unintentionally. It is the practice professed by great saints like Gautam Buddha and Mahaveer. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the pioneer personalities to practice non-violence. He used non-violence as a weapon to fight the armed forces of the British Empire and helped us to get independence without lifting a single weapon.
Role of Non-violence in Indian Freedom Struggle
The role of non-violence in the Indian freedom struggle became prominent after the involvement of Mahatma Gandhi. There were many violent freedom struggles going on concurrently in the country and the importance of these cannot be neglected either. There were many sacrifices made by our freedom fighters battling against the British rule. But non-violence was a protest which was done in a very peaceful manner and was a great way to demand for the complete independence. Mahatma Gandhi used non-violence in every movement against British rule. The most important non-violence movements of Mahatma Gandhi which helped to shake the foundation of the British government are as follows.
- Champaran and Kheda Agitations
In 1917 the farmers of Champaran were forced by the Britishers to grow indigo and again sell them at very cheap fixed prices. Mahatma Gandhi organized a non-violent protest against this practice and Britishers were forced to accept the demand of the farmers.
Kheda village was hit by floods in 1918 and created a major famine in the region. The Britishers were not ready to provide any concessions or relief in the taxes. Gandhiji organized a non-cooperation movement and led peaceful protests against the British administration for many months. Ultimately the administration was forced to provide relief in taxes and temporarily suspended the collection of revenue.
- Non-cooperation Movement
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the harsh British policies lead to the Non-cooperation movement in 1920. It was the non-violence protest against the British rule. Gandhiji believed that the main reason of the Britishers flourishing in India is the support they are getting from Indians. He pleaded to boycott the use of British products and promoted the use of ‘Swadeshi’ products. Indians denied working for the Britishers and withdrew themselves from the British schools, civil services, government jobs etc. People started resigning from the prominent posts which highly affected the British administration. The Non-Cooperation movement shook the foundation of the British rule and all these without a single use of any weapon. The power of non-violence was more evident in the non-cooperation movement.
- Salt Satyagrah or Salt March
Salt March or the ‘Namak Satyagrah’ was the non-violence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi against the salt monopoly of the Britishers. Britishers imposed a heavy taxation on the salt produce which affected the local salt production. Gandhiji started the 26 days non-violence march to Dandi village, Gujarat protesting against the salt monopoly of the British government. The Dandi march was started on 12 th March 1930 from Sabarmati Ashram and ended on 06 th April 1930 at Dandi, breaking the salt laws of the British government and starting the local production of salt. The Salt March was a non violent movement which got the international attention and which helped to concrete the foundation of Independent India.
- Quit India Movement
After the successful movement of the Salt March, the foundation of British government shook completely. Quit India Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 th August 1942 which demanded the Britishers to quit India. It was the time of World War II when Britain was already in war with Germany and the Quit India Movement acted as a fuel in the fire. There was a mass non-violent civil disobedience launched across the country and Indians also demanded their separation from World War II. The effect of Quit India Movement was so intense that British government agreed to provide complete independence to India once the war gets over. The Quit India Movement was a final nail in the coffin of the British rule in India.
These movements led by Mahatma Gandhi were completely Non-violent and did not use any weapon. The power of truth and non-violence were the weapons used to fight the British rule. The effect of non-violence was so intense that it gained the immediate attention of the international community towards the Indian independence struggle. It helped to reveal the harsh policies and acts of the British rule to the international audience.
Mahatma Gandhi always believed that weapons are not the only answer for any problem; in fact they created more problems than they solved. It is a tool which spreads hatred, fear and anger. Non-violence is one of the best methods by which we can fight with much powerful enemies, without holding a single weapon. Apart from the independence struggle; there are many incidents of modern times which exhibited the importance of non-violence and how it helped in bringing changes in the society and all that without spilling a single drop of blood. Hope the day is not very far when there will be no violence and every conflict and dispute will be solved through peaceful dialogues without harming anyone and shedding blood and this would be a greatest tribute to Mahatma Gandhi.
Long Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Essay 8 (1100 Words)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi aka ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ was one of the great sons of Indian soil who rose to become a great soul and gave major contribution in the great Indian freedom struggle against the British rule in India. He was a man of ideologies and a man with great patience and courage. His non-violence movements involved peaceful protests and non-cooperation with the British rule. These movements had a long term effects on the Britishers and it also helped India to grab the eye balls of global leaders and attracted the attention on the international platforms.
Family and Life of Mahatma Gandhi
- Birth and Childhood
Mahatma Gandhi was born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on 02 nd October, 1869 at Porbandar (which is in the current state of Gujarat). His father Karamchand Gandhi was working as the Chief Minister (diwan) of Porbandar at that time. His mother Putlibai was a very devotional and generous lady. Young Gandhi was a reflection of his mother and inherited high values, ethics and the feeling of sacrifice from her.
- Marriage and Education
Mohandas was married to Kasturba Makanji at a very young age of 13. In 1888, they were blessed with a baby boy and after which he sailed to London for higher studies. In 1893, he went to South Africa to continue his practice of law where he faced strong racial discrimination by the Britishers. The major incident which completely changed the young Gandhi was when he was forcibly removed from the first class compartment of a train due to his race and color.
- Civil Rights Movement in Africa
After the discrimination and embracement faced by Gandhi due to his race and color, he vowed to fight and challenge the racial discrimination of immigrants in South Africa. He formed Natal Indian Congress in 1894 and started fighting against racial discrimination. He fought for the civil rights of the immigrants in South Africa and spent around 21 years there.
- Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian Freedom Struggle
Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and joined Indian National Congress and started to raise voice against the British rule in India and demanded the complete independence or ‘Purn Swaraj’ for India. He started many non-violent movements and protests against Britishers and was also imprisoned various times in his long quest of freedom. His campaigns were completely non-violent without the involvement of any force or weapons. His ideology of ‘ahimsa’ meaning not to injure anyone was highly appreciated and was also followed by many great personalities around the globe.
Why was Gandhi called Mahatma?
‘Mahatma’ is a Sanskrit word which means ‘great soul’. It is said that it was Rabindranth Tagore who first used ‘Mahatma’ for Gandhi. It was because of the great thoughts and ideologies of Gandhi which made people honour him by calling ‘Mahatma Gandhi’. The great feeling of sacrifice, love and help he showed throughout his life was a matter of great respect for each citizen of India.
Mahatma Gandhi showed a lifelong compassion towards the people affected with leprosy. He used to nurse the wounds of people with leprosy and take proper care of them. In the times when people used to ignore and discriminate people with leprosy, the humanitarian compassion of Gandhi towards them made him a person with great feelings and a person with great soul justifying himself as Mahatma.
Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution on various social issues could never be ignored. His campaign against untouchability during his imprisonment in the Yerwada Jail where he went on fast against the age old evil of untouchability in the society had highly helped the upliftment of the community in the modern era. Apart from this, he also advocated the importance of education, cleanliness, health and equality in the society. All these qualities made him a man with great soul and justify his journey from Gandhi to Mahatma.
What are Gandhi’s accomplishments?
Mahatma Gandhi was a man with mission who not only fought for the country’s independence but also gave his valuable contribution in uprooting various evils of the society. The accomplishments of Mahatma Gandhi is summarized below:
- Fought against Racial Discrimination in South Africa
The racial discrimination in South Africa shocked Mahatma Gandhi and he vowed to fight against it. He challenged the law which denied the voting rights of the people not belonging to the European region. He continued to fight for the civil rights of the immigrants in South Africa and became a prominent face of a civil right activist.
- Face of the Indian Freedom Struggle
Mahatma Gandhi was the liberal face of independence struggle. He challenged the British rule in India through his peaceful and non-violent protests. The Champaran Satyagrah, Civil Disobedience Movement, Salt March, Quit India Movement etc are just the few non-violent movements led by him which shook the foundation of the Britishers in India and grabbed the attention of the global audience to the Indian freedom struggle.
- Uprooting the Evils of Society
Gandhi Ji also worked on uprooting various social evils in the society which prevailed at that time. He launched many campaigns to provide equal rights to the untouchables and improve their status in the society. He also worked on the women empowerment, education and opposed child marriage which had a long term effect on the Indian society.
What was Gandhi famous for?
Mahatma Gandhi was one of the great personalities of India. He was a man with simplicity and great ideologies. His non-violent way to fight a much powerful enemy without the use of a weapon or shedding a single drop of blood surprised the whole world. His patience, courage and disciplined life made him popular and attracted people from every corners of the world.
He was the man who majorly contributed in the independence of India from the British rule. He devoted his whole life for the country and its people. He was the face of the Indian leadership on international platform. He was the man with ethics, values and discipline which inspires the young generation around the globe even in the modern era.
Gandhi Ji was also famous for his strict discipline. He always professed the importance of self discipline in life. He believed that it helps to achieve bigger goals and the graces of ahimsa could only be achieved through hard discipline.
These qualities of the great leader made him famous not only in India but also across the world and inspired global personalities like Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King.
Mahatma Gandhi helped India to fulfill her dream of achieving ‘Purna Swaraj’ or complete independence and gave the country a global recognition. Though he left this world on 30 th January, 1948, but his ideologies and thoughts still prevail in the minds of his followers and act as a guiding light to lead their lives. He proved that everything is possible in the world if you have a strong will, courage and determination.
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