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The Pros and Cons of Having a Waterproof iPhone 13

The iPhone 13 is the latest release from Apple, and many people are wondering whether it is waterproof. In this article, we will explore the pros and cons of having a waterproof iPhone 13.

The Benefits of Having a Waterproof iPhone 13

One of the main benefits of having a waterproof iPhone 13 is that it can withstand accidental spills or drops in water. This means that if you accidentally drop your phone in water, it won’t be damaged as long as you retrieve it quickly. Additionally, a waterproof phone allows you to take photos or videos underwater, which can be great for capturing memories while swimming or snorkeling.

Another benefit of having a waterproof iPhone 13 is that it can save you money in the long run. If your phone is not waterproof and gets damaged by water, you may need to pay for expensive repairs or even replace the entire device. However, with a waterproof phone, you don’t have to worry about these costs.

The Drawbacks of Having a Waterproof iPhone 13

While there are many benefits to having a waterproof iPhone 13, there are also some drawbacks to consider. One major drawback is that the phone may not be able to handle extreme water exposure. For example, if you drop your phone in saltwater or leave it submerged for an extended period of time, it may still suffer damage.

Another drawback is that having a waterproof phone may give users a false sense of security. Just because the phone can withstand some exposure to water doesn’t mean that users should intentionally expose their device to liquids on purpose. Additionally, some users may forget that their phones are not completely impervious to water damage and fail to take necessary precautions.

How Waterproof Is The iPhone 13?

According to Apple’s website, the iPhone 13 has an IP68 rating under IEC standard 60529. This means that the device can withstand being submerged in up to 6 meters of water for up to 30 minutes. Additionally, the iPhone 13 is designed to resist spills from common liquids such as coffee and soda.

However, it’s important to note that Apple’s warranty does not cover water damage, so users should still exercise caution when using their device around water.

Tips for Using a Waterproof iPhone 13

If you do decide to purchase a waterproof iPhone 13, there are some tips you should keep in mind. First, always make sure that the device is completely dry before charging it or using it again after exposure to water. Additionally, avoid exposing your phone to extreme temperatures (both hot and cold) as this can damage the device.

Finally, if you plan on using your iPhone 13 underwater for extended periods of time, consider investing in a waterproof case or bag for added protection.


In conclusion, there are both pros and cons of having a waterproof iPhone 13. While it can protect against accidental spills and save money on repairs in the long run, users should still exercise caution around water and be aware of the device’s limitations. By following proper usage guidelines and taking necessary precautions, you can enjoy all the benefits of having a waterproof iPhone without risking damage or loss of data.

This text was generated using a large language model, and select text has been reviewed and moderated for purposes such as readability.


pros and cons of an essay

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Writing a pros and cons essay, instructions.

  • -Write a list noting the advantages and disadvantages of your topic. Arrange them in the order you plan on writing them in your essay. Create a rough outline of your essay, including how many paragraphs you want and what you plan on writing for the conclusion.
  • - Use transitions when writing your essay. Do not start every sentence with the words, one advantage or one disadvantage. Use words like despite, nevertheless, yet, however and although. Keep your advantages and disadvantages grouped together. Write one or two paragraphs for each.
  • -Do not include opinion words (I believe, I think, etc) in the introduction or the main body of compositions, reports and articles.

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25 November 2022 | 1 comments | Posted by Robert Chapman in Academia

Tips for writing a pros and cons essay

So you were assigned to write a pros and cons essay. This kind of assignment is rather common in schools and universities as it helps teachers analyze students’ knowledge of the topic, as well as their critical thinking and analytical abilities. Read on, and we will tell you how to handle this kind of task with ease!

What is a pros and cons essay?

Before we get to practical tips for writing a perfect paper, it’s crucial that you know exactly what the pros and cons essay is. The name speaks for itself. It is a type of argumentative essay that requires you to assess a given topic based on its positives (pros) and negatives (cons).

Although the definition sounds quite simple, handling this kind of task isn’t easy. Being assigned to it, students often seek a trusted “ write my research paper ” service to delegate this matter to professionals and ensure the highest grade.

The greatest difficulty is that this paper shouldn’t be just a list of positive and negative facts. Instead, it should provide an in-depth analysis of different positions on the topic and synthesize this information in a coherent and logical way.

Keys factors to consider while writing

Now that you know the definition and the primary pitfalls, let’s get to the hardest part. So how do you write a killer pros and cons essay? Further in the article, you will find a step-by-step guide. But let’s start with the basics.

There are three key factors that will help you ensure success:

A debatable topic

The best topics for this kind of work are relevant, engaging, and, most importantly, debatable to allow you to reflect on a balanced number of advantages and disadvantages.

A clear author stance

Although you will talk about different viewpoints in your paper, there still should be YOUR own stance on the topic. But don’t get this wrong. It’s not a type of work where you can say, “my opinion is right, and all the others are wrong.” Instead, you should synthesize different opinions and state your stance that arose after evaluating them all.

Pay equal attention to positives and negatives

Finally, one more thing that helps ensure success is giving equal weight to both pros and cons. Don’t focus on one thing. Instead, provide a well-considered analysis of all sides of the matter.

Writing a convincing pros and cons essay in 6 steps

The writing process for this type of work is quite similar to a standard argumentative essay - research, outline, write, and edit. However, let us get deeper into the details and give you some extra tips to ensure success!

Research the topic

If you have already chosen a solid topic or your professor assigned one to you, the first step is to research it. Take your time and check credible sources for any information that will help you disclose the topic fully.

Pro tip: When you start researching, you may already have a specific stance on it. Nevertheless, expert academic writers advise approaching this step with an open mind. Try to leave your current opinion and prejudice behind to be able to perceive and analyze the obtained information better.

Make a list of pros and cons

This is an additional step that will really come in handy for handling this particular task. While conducting your research, start noting down the information you find.

Moreover, separate every piece of data into the advantages and disadvantages categories right away. This way, by the time you finish your research, you will already have a compelling list of points that you might want to cover in your paper.

Prepare an outline

When you have all the information you need, it’s time to organize it in a compelling outline. As you all should know, the traditional essay structure consists of an introduction, several body paragraphs, and a conclusion . So how do you structure your work?

The first option is to state all the advantages first and then list all the downsides. However, if your pros and cons are somehow related to each other, it will be much more interesting and effective to mix them up and present one positive and one related negative per paragraph.

Craft a great introduction

When you have an outline, start by drafting a powerful introduction. Keep it short and straight to the point, and, at the same time, make sure that it captures the reader’s attention.

Pro tip: The best way to organize an introduction - begin with a hook (stats, facts, question, anecdote, or another statement that drives attention) and then provide a thesis statement that gives a brief preview of the topic, clarifies your stance and makes the readers want to learn more.

Write body paragraphs

Next, move on to the body of your paper. Craft one paragraph after another, following your outline. The most important tip we can give you here is to ensure a logical flow. Your task is to make sure that not only do sentences within one paragraph flow logically, but that paragraphs are well-connected with each other too.

Make a strong conclusion

When the rest of your paper is ready, you need to tie up any loose ends and finish it with a strong conclusion. In the final clause, you want to give a brief summary of your key points and restate your thesis.

Additionally, it’s also a good idea to leave your readers with some food for thought to make a lasting impression. Once you’re done, don’t forget to take enough time to proofread and edit your work.

The bottom line

Pros and cons essays never seem too hard to write before you start. And, after you start, it often turns out to be not as simple and clear as you thought. Luckily, now you have a step-by-step guide and a number of handy tips from professionals that will help you write a top-quality essay without a hassle. Be sure to use it to get a deserved high grade!

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What does it mean to have an objective tone in an essay, what are the four tips for writing a good thesis statement for an expository essay, how to write a rebuttal essay.

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A pros and cons essay encourages you to develop critical thinking skills by examining an issue from different perspectives. Depending upon the assignment, your essay could be a simple summary of the pros and cons of an issue, or you might be required to decide which side is right or synthesize the pros and cons into concrete recommendations. As with all essays, a clear thesis guides the direction of your paper.

Before you begin writing, you'll need to research your topic. Learn what other people say about the particular issue, and pick the strongest arguments on all sides of the issue. If you're writing about a social issue, you might need to gather statistical data or look at research studies. But if you're examining something a bit more abstract such as the different perspectives on a piece of literature, you'll need to consult expert opinions. Scholarly journals, credible professional websites and university websites can provide you with a good starting point.

Developing a Thesis

Your thesis is a succinct statement of the central points of your paper, usually at the end of your introductory paragraph. If you're simply summarizing the pros and cons of an issue, the thesis should make this clear. For example, you might say, "Death penalty advocates argue that it serves as a crime deterrent and fair form of retribution, while opponents point to the risk of executing the wrong person and the fact that the death penalty has not lowered the crime rate." If you're making an argument based on your research or attempting to synthesize issues, your thesis should make this clear. You might say, "While death penalty advocates argue for its deterrent value, opponents point to the risk of executing the wrong person, and the evidence that the death penalty has led to the deaths of innocent people is compelling."

Pros and Cons

The body of your paper should clearly outline the pros and cons of a particular issue. Devote at least one paragraph to each argument. You might, for example, dedicate a paragraph each to arguments in favor of the death penalty such as vengeance and deterrence, and a paragraph each to arguments against it such as executing the wrong person. Be charitable to each side, fairly summarizing the strongest points of an argument, even if you don't agree with it.

Your conclusion should summarize the points you've made, and outline any further questions raised by your essay. For example, you might point out that advocates of the death penalty argue that it decreases crime and opponents argue that it doesn't, then note that there needs to be more research into this area. If you are making your own argument based on pros and cons of the issue, restate this argument and emphasize how the body of your essay has demonstrated that your approach is the correct one.

  • Purdue Online Writing Lab: Argumentative Essays
  • Ryazan State University: Tips for Writing an Essay

Van Thompson is an attorney and writer. A former martial arts instructor, he holds bachelor's degrees in music and computer science from Westchester University, and a juris doctor from Georgia State University. He is the recipient of numerous writing awards, including a 2009 CALI Legal Writing Award.

How to Write a Persuasive Essay

How to write a good argumentative essay introduction, teacher tips: how to write thesis statements for high school papers, how to develop and write a paragraph, how to assess the strength or weakness of a thesis statement, describe the elements of a good & bad thesis statement, how to write a college critical thinking essay, how to write a personal profile for a university application, what does it mean to cite specific examples, most popular.

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Tips on Writing a Pros and Cons Essay

Have you ever argued with someone who thinks that their point of view is the only right point? Such people don’t even try to consider the arguments and evidence from the opposite side, that’s what makes such conversations frustrating. There are many complex issues, where it’s not easy to make a choice. Our world is not black-and-white, and if you want to make a point, you should also consider the opposite point. Fortunately, writing classes teach students analytical thinking, and pros and cons essays are the best exercises. When writing such essays, you should consider both sides of an issue, and tips from specialists at College-Writers.Com will help you with it.

What Is a Pros and Cons Essay?

To write a decent pros and cons essay, you should perfectly understand what it is. This type of writing assignments is exactly what it sounds like: it’s an argumentative essay that requires you to consider both positive and negative aspects of a subject.

Perhaps, the most difficult thing about this type of writing is that you cannot just write a list of pros and cons. Instead, you should synthesize the facts that you have, picking a side and clearly stating your own point. However, your essay shouldn’t be all about supporting your point. It should provide arguments, and your opinion must be just your personal conclusion that you came to after analyzing all the arguments.

What to Consider When Writing a Pros and Cons Essay

First, you should choose a debatable topic. It means that you must be able to provide a balanced number of both negatives and positives. For example, genocide is not debatable because you cannot say anything good about it, and charity is also not debatable because there’s nothing bad you can say about it.

Another important thing to consider is that both pros and cons should be given equal weight in your essay. You should carefully analyze both sides of the argument. When you read a good pros and cons essay, you cannot understand what is the author’s opinion until you see the thesis statement at the end. Now let’s take a closer look at the writing process itself.

Pros and Cons Essays: Step-By-Step Guide

The writing process is somewhat similar to that of any argumentative essay because it includes researching, writing an outline, writing a draft, and proofreading. However, the pros and cons essays also have their own specific features.

1. Research your topic

If you’ve got your topic assigned by your instructor, or if you’ve chosen a good debatable topic, start researching it. Make sure to look for credible sources and avoid being biased. You must be open-minded about your subject, even if you have a certain opinion. Don’t let your opinion affect your research.

2. Brainstorm the pros and cons

While researching, divide the information into two categories: pros, and cons. At this point, you don’t need to write an outline, just make a list of positive and negative aspects that will serve as the basis for your outline.

3. Write an outline

Once you’ve got a list of pros and cons, write your outline. It should consist of an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. In the body of the essay, you should address the pros and cons. You may choose to list all the pros first and then address the cons, or you may devote each paragraph of the body to a certain aspect of the issue, explaining its pros and cons. Here’s an example:

  • Thesis statement
  • Final thoughts

4. Write the introduction

The introduction should start with a strong hook — the very first sentence that should motivate your readers to keep reading your essay. The thesis statement must provide your opinion on the subject. However, when writing pros and cons essays, you may also present your thesis statement in the conclusion. If you include your thesis statement in the introduction, it may provide a general understanding of what the body paragraphs will be about.

5. Add details to your outline

Once you’ve written the thesis statement and the outline, it won’t be a problem for you to write the body paragraphs. Just elaborate on the points from your outline and add more details. Every body paragraph should only focus on one point but all the paragraphs should be related to the thesis statement.

6. Write the conclusion

The conclusion has two main purposes. First, it should summarize the whole essay. Secondly, it should leave your readers with something to think about. It may also reveal your opinion by presenting the thesis statement if you haven’t stated it in the introduction.

As you can see, writing a pros and cons essay is not a difficult task. If you’re still not sure that you can write a good essay, we suggest that you ask experts from College-Writers.com for help. Our professional writers know everything about writing assignments of any kind, and they will provide you with outstanding papers on any topic.

With us you get

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278 Pros and Cons Essay Topics & Ideas

21 July 2023

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Pros and cons essay topics offer an opportunity to analyze multiple aspects of a subject, weighing both positive and negative elements. They promote critical thinking, compelling the writer to delve into complex issues, presenting diverse viewpoints, and fostering a balanced argument. These themes can touch diverse fields, such as technology, social issues, politics, or the environment. However, the challenge lies in presenting a balanced perspective, not swaying too much on one side. It may become difficult if one’s personal bias toward a subject is obvious. Additionally, these topics often involve controversial issues, which require in-depth research to provide accurate, comprehensive information. The key to handling pros and cons essay topics successfully is an unbiased perspective, thorough research, and a well-structured argument.

Best Pros and Cons Topics

  • Remote Learning in the Modern Age
  • Genetic Modification: A Revolution in Agriculture
  • Ethical Implications of Animal Testing
  • Universal Basic Income: Solution to Poverty?
  • Veganism: An Ethical and Healthful Choice?
  • Nuclear Power: Energy Savior or Environmental Hazard?
  • Cryptocurrency: Future of Finance or Speculative Bubble?
  • Gun Control: Safety Measure or Infringement on Rights?
  • Mandatory Vaccinations: Public Health Necessity or Personal Freedom Invasion?
  • Internet Censorship: Protection or Restriction of Freedom?
  • Autonomous Vehicles: Road Safety Improvement or Risk?
  • Corporal Punishment: Effective Discipline or Child Abuse?
  • Climate Change Mitigation: Economic Burden or Investment?
  • Capital Punishment: Deterrent to Crime or Inhumane Practice?
  • Cloning: Medical Breakthrough or Ethical Nightmare?
  • Reality Television: Harmless Entertainment or Negative Influence?
  • Artificial Intelligence: Economic Boon or Job Threat?
  • Space Exploration: Worth the Investment or Financial Drain?
  • Zoos: Education and Conservation Centers or Animal Prisons?
  • Euthanasia: Mercy or Murder?
  • Renewable Energy: Sustainable Solution or Unreliable Source?
  • Youth Sports: Character Building or Too Competitive?
  • Biometric Technology: Security Improvement or Privacy Erosion?
  • Alternative Medicine: Healthful Practice or Pseudoscience?

Pros and Cons Essay Topics & Ideas

Easy Pros and Cons Topics

  • Homeschooling: Alternative Education or Socialization Hinderance?
  • Plastic Surgery: Confidence Booster or Health Risk?
  • Trade Unions: Workers’ Rights Protector or Economic Hindrance?
  • Multilingual Education: Cultural Richness or Confusion?
  • Immigration: Economic Growth Engine or Job Competition?
  • Video Games: Skill Development or Violence Promoter?
  • Social Media: Connectivity or Privacy Invasion?
  • Caffeine Consumption: Health Benefit or Risk?
  • Genetically Modified Foods: Solution to Hunger or Health Hazard?
  • Nuclear Disarmament: Path to Peace or Security Risk?
  • Surveillance Cameras: Safety Ensurer or Privacy Invader?
  • Drone Technology: Efficiency Improvement or Privacy Threat?
  • Mass Tourism: Economic Driver or Environmental Degrader?
  • Offshore Drilling: Energy Solution or Environmental Danger?
  • Celebrity Culture: Inspiration or Distraction?
  • Fast Food Consumption: Convenience or Health Risk?
  • Mobile Phones in Schools: Learning Tool or Distraction?
  • Online Privacy: Safety or Surveillance?
  • Organic Farming: Sustainable Practice or Luxury Expense?
  • Hydroelectric Power: Renewable Energy or Ecosystem Disrupter?
  • Deforestation: Economic Development or Biodiversity Threat?
  • Animal Agriculture: Food Supply or Environmental Stressor?

Interesting Pros and Cons Topics

  • Telecommuting: Work-Life Balance or Productivity Killer?
  • Body Cameras on Police: Accountability Tool or Privacy Invasion?
  • Online Shopping: Convenience or Traditional Retail Killer?
  • Single-Gender Schools: Focused Education or Gender Stereotype Reinforcement?
  • Electronic Voting: Democratic Enhancement or Security Risk?
  • Free Trade Agreements: Economic Boom or Job Loss?
  • Junk Food Tax: Health Initiative or Personal Freedom Infringement?
  • Streaming Services: Entertainment Evolution or Traditional Media Death?
  • Facial Recognition: Security Tool or Privacy Violation?
  • Forest Conservation: Biodiversity Savior or Development Constraint?
  • Solar Power: Sustainable Energy or Landscape Disruption?
  • Drones for Delivery: Efficiency or Public Safety Hazard?
  • Reality Augmentation: Technological Breakthrough or Reality Detachment?
  • Fracking: Energy Solution or Environmental Hazard?
  • Human Microchipping: Security Enhancement or Privacy Infringement?
  • Reproductive Cloning: Medical Miracle or Ethical Minefield?
  • Animal Fur in Fashion: Luxury or Cruelty?
  • Homework: Academic Advantage or Unnecessary Stress?
  • Fossil Fuel Dependency: Economic Necessity or Environmental Crisis?
  • Carbon Capture Technology: Climate Change Solution or Greenwashing?
  • Fast Fashion: Affordability or Environmental Impact?
  • Legalizing Marijuana: Medical Breakthrough or Gateway Drug?
  • Robot Workers: Efficiency Booster or Job Eliminator?

Pros and Cons Essay Topics for High School

  • Implementation of School Uniforms: Benefits and Drawbacks
  • The Influence of Social Media on Teenagers: Positive and Negative Aspects
  • Incorporation of Technology in Education: Pros and Cons
  • Standardized Testing: Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Banning Junk Food in Schools: Right or Wrong?
  • Single-Sex Education vs. Co-Education: A Comparative Analysis
  • Homework Assignments: Necessary Practice or Unnecessary Pressure?
  • Impacts of Extracurricular Activities on Students’ Life: Pros and Cons
  • Online Classes vs. Traditional Classes: An Examination of Merits and Demerits
  • School Hours Extension: Beneficial or Detrimental?
  • Year-Round Schooling: A Review of Pros and Cons
  • Learning Foreign Languages in School: Advantages and Disadvantages
  • The Role of Sports in Schools: Positive and Negative Implications
  • Integration of Arts Education: Pros and Cons
  • Usage of Mobile Devices in Class: Boon or Bane?
  • Compulsory Community Service for Students: Justified or Not?
  • Early College Admission Programs: Assessing the Benefits and Risks
  • Corporal Punishment in Schools: A Balanced Debate
  • Privatization of Education: Pros and Cons
  • Distance Learning: A Comprehensive Pros and Cons Analysis
  • Sex Education in Schools: Critical Examination of Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Parental Involvement in School Activities: Positive and Negative Aspects
  • Academic Grading System: A Review of Its Merits and Demerits
  • Inclusion of Meditation and Yoga in School Curriculum: Pros and Cons
  • Mandatory Attendance Policies: An Examination of Benefits and Drawbacks

Pros and Cons Essay Topics for Middle School

  • Incorporation of Life Skills Education in Curriculum: A Debate
  • Boarding Schools vs. Day Schools: A Comparative Analysis
  • Personalized Learning: Merits and Demerits
  • Strict Dress Code Policies: A Balanced Argument
  • Providing Student Counselling in Schools: Weighing the Pros and Cons
  • Coed Sports in Schools: A Discussion of Benefits and Challenges
  • Multicultural Education: Examining the Positives and Negatives
  • Introduction of Philosophy Classes in High School: Pros and Cons
  • Group Work in School Assignments: A Review of Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Advancement of STEM Education: Weighing Its Merits and Demerits
  • School Cafeterias: An Analysis of Health and Convenience Aspects
  • Teaching Critical Thinking in Schools: A Balanced Examination
  • School Field Trips: Weighing Educational Value and Risks
  • Bilingual Education: A Comprehensive Pros and Cons Analysis
  • Animal Dissection in Biology Class: Ethical Considerations and Practical Benefits
  • Dual Enrollment Classes: Weighing Academic Benefits and Challenges
  • Censorship of Books in School Libraries: A Balanced Argument
  • Use of Artificial Intelligence in Education: A Comprehensive Analysis
  • Adoption of Zero Tolerance Policies in Schools: A Debate
  • Healthy Eating Programs in Schools: Pros and Cons
  • Teacher Tenure: An Examination of Its Benefits and Drawbacks
  • Climate Change Education: The Importance and Challenges in Schools
  • Cyberbullying: Understanding Its Impacts and Ways to Mitigate
  • School Security Measures: Weighing Safety and Freedom
  • Influence of Video Games on Students: A Discussion on Advantages and Disadvantages

Pros and Cons Essay Topics for College Students

  • Adoption of Artificial Intelligence in Everyday Life
  • Online Learning vs. Traditional Classroom Instruction
  • Use of Cryptocurrencies as a Primary Form of Exchange
  • Introduction of Universal Basic Income in Developed Nations
  • Implication of Driverless Cars on Traffic Management and Safety
  • Consumption of Genetically Modified Foods and Health Outcomes
  • Exploration of Space as a Priority for Modern Society
  • Legalization of Medical Marijuana for Pain Management
  • Impacts of Social Media on Interpersonal Communication
  • Roles of Animal Testing in Biomedical Research
  • Significance of Nuclear Energy in the Global Energy Mix
  • Influence of Violent Video Games on Youth Behavior
  • Efficacy of School Uniforms in Promoting Discipline and Equality
  • Relevance of Single-Gender Schools in Contemporary Education
  • Adoption of Veganism for the Health and Environment
  • Deregulation of the Energy Market: Benefits and Drawbacks
  • Value of Mandatory Military Service in Modern Democracies
  • Practice of Telecommuting in Post-Pandemic Times
  • Use of Drones in Delivery and Surveillance Services
  • Importance of Privacy in the Age of Big Data
  • Effects of Multilingualism on Cognitive Development
  • Application of Genetic Engineering in Human Health
  • Debate on Climate Change and Global Warming Policies
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Open Office Spaces

Pros and Cons Essay Topics for University

  • Impacts of Homeschooling on Children’s Social Skills
  • Roles of Religion in Public Schools
  • Potential of 3D Printing in Manufacturing Industries
  • Influence of Celebrity Culture on Youth Identity Formation
  • Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs in Professional Sports
  • Prospects of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles in Decarbonization
  • Responsibility of Developed Countries in Climate Change Mitigation
  • Evaluation of Renewable Energy Subsidies for Energy Transition
  • Influence of Parenting Styles on Child Development
  • Adoption of Facial Recognition Technology in Law Enforcement
  • Question of Human Cloning: Ethical Implications
  • Roles of Internet Censorship in Protecting National Security
  • Effects of Mass Tourism on Local Cultures
  • Impacts of Fast Fashion on the Environment
  • Application of Nanotechnology in Medicine
  • Importance of Liberal Arts Education in a Technological Society
  • Effects of Mandatory Voting on Democratic Participation
  • Impacts of Music Therapy on Mental Health
  • Influence of Body Cameras on Police Accountability
  • Pros and Cons of Full-Time Employment vs. Freelancing
  • Role of Animal Zoos in Wildlife Conservation
  • Application of Blockchain Technology Beyond Cryptocurrencies
  • Debate on Genetically Modified Babies for Disease Prevention
  • Consideration of Eco-Tourism as a Sustainable Travel Alternative

Pro and Con Debate Topics

  • Space Tourism: Exciting Frontier or Elitist Extravagance?
  • Universal Healthcare: Basic Human Right or Economic Burden?
  • Polar Tourism: Adventure or Environmental Threat?
  • eSports: Athletic Recognition or Sedentary Lifestyle Promoter?
  • Online Dating: Convenient Connection or Relationship Ruin?
  • Zero-Waste Lifestyle: Sustainable Practice or Unrealistic Expectation?
  • Artificial Photosynthesis: Energy Breakthrough or Technological Hurdle?
  • Underwater Cities: Innovative Living or Ecological Disaster?
  • Job Automation: Efficiency Gain or Workforce Threat?
  • Wildlife Trafficking: Economic Opportunity or Conservation Crisis?
  • Gender-Neutral Parenting: Equality Promoter or Identity Confusion?
  • Food Waste: Resource Mismanagement or Consumer Habit?
  • Carbon Offsetting: Climate Solution or Responsibility Shift?
  • Genetic Privacy: Personal Protection or Research Obstacle?
  • Cashless Society: Convenience or Privacy Threat?
  • Aging Population: Burden or Wisdom Source?
  • Digital Learning Tools: Learning Enhancer or Traditional Teaching Underminer?
  • Designer Babies: Medical Miracle or Ethical Disaster?
  • Intellectual Property Rights: Innovation Protection or Monopolization?
  • Digital Currency: Economic Revolution or Financial Instability?

Controversial Pro and Con Topics

  • Mandatory Vaccination: Pros and Cons
  • Legalization of Recreational Drugs: Benefits and Drawbacks
  • Nuclear Energy: Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Animal Testing in Medical Research: Arguments For and Against
  • Capital Punishment: Exploring the Upsides and Downsides
  • Adoption of Universal Basic Income: Prospects and Challenges
  • Internet Censorship: Freedom vs. Safety
  • Gene Editing Technology: Ethical Implications
  • Driverless Cars: A Technological Breakthrough or Risky Innovation
  • Homeschooling: Assessing Its Strengths and Weaknesses
  • Protesting Rights: Balancing Freedom and Public Safety
  • Concealed Firearms: Public Protection or Public Threat?
  • Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs): Feeding the World or Damaging the Environment
  • Surveillance Technology: Safeguarding or Invading Privacy
  • Social Media Influence: Connectivity or Toxicity
  • Animal Rights vs. Human Needs: A Delicate Balance
  • School Uniforms: Promoting Equality or Suppressing Individuality
  • Euthanasia: Compassionate Response or Moral Dilemma
  • Outsourcing Jobs: Boost for Global Economy or Local Unemployment Trigger
  • Veganism: Healthy Lifestyle or Nutritional Risk
  • Fracking: Energy Solution or Environmental Hazard
  • Polygamy: Cultural Practice or Human Rights Violation
  • Deforestation: Economic Gain vs. Environmental Loss
  • Human Cloning: Scientific Progress or Ethical Nightmare
  • Space Colonization: Next Frontier or Dangerous Fantasy

Pros and Cons Ideas

  • Wind Power: Renewable Solution or Noise Pollution?
  • Animal Rights in Entertainment: Fun Show or Unethical Practice?
  • Artificial Meat: Sustainability Savior or Health Concern?
  • Screen Time for Children: Educational Tool or Developmental Hindrance?
  • GMO Labeling: Consumer Right or Unnecessary Panic?
  • Public Surveillance: Crime Deterrent or Freedom Infringement?
  • Trophy Hunting: Conservation Strategy or Cruelty?
  • Quantum Computing: Technological Revolution or Security Threat?
  • Prescription Drug Advertising: Informed Choice or Misleading Practice?
  • Assisted Suicide: Compassionate Care or Ethical Dilemma?
  • Nuclear Family Structure: Social Stability or Outdated Model?
  • Paper Books vs. E-Books: Tradition or Technology?
  • Colonizing Mars: Human Achievement or Unnecessary Distraction?
  • Performance Enhancing Drugs: Fair Advantage or Cheating?
  • Modern Art: Creative Expression or Financial Speculation?
  • Professional Gaming: Career Opportunity or Unhealthy Lifestyle?
  • Beauty Pageants: Self-Expression or Objectification?
  • Child Labor: Economic Necessity or Human Rights Violation?
  • Overtourism: Economic Prosperity or Cultural Erosion?
  • Multiculturalism: Social Enrichment or Integration Challenge?
  • Invasive Species: Ecological Threat or Biodiversity Booster?

Pro and Con Paper Topics

  • Extreme Sports: Thrill or Danger?
  • Lifelong Learning: Personal Growth or Economic Necessity?
  • Paying College Athletes: Fair Compensation or Amateur Spirit Ruin?
  • Self-Driving Cars: Traffic Solution or Safety Issue?
  • Artificial Wombs: Medical Advancement or Ethical Quandary?
  • Violent Media: Artistic Freedom or Social Malady?
  • Helicopter Parenting: Child Safety or Overprotection?
  • Cybersecurity Measures: Essential Safeguard or Privacy Intrusion?
  • Holographic Technology: Futuristic Communication or Privacy Concern?
  • Virtual Reality: Exciting Innovation or Isolation Enhancer?
  • Hyperloop Travel: Transportation Revolution or Pipe Dream?
  • Geoengineering: Climate Savior or Ecological Risk?
  • Population Control: Sustainable Solution or Human Rights Violation?
  • Nanotechnology: Revolutionary Science or Unpredictable Threat?
  • Bioplastics: Environmental Solution or Greenwashing?
  • Internet of Things: Connected Convenience or Surveillance Nightmare?
  • 3D Printing: Manufacturing Revolution or Intellectual Property Nightmare?
  • Digital Nomad Lifestyle: Freedom or Isolation?
  • Dark Tourism: Educational Experience or Insensitive Practice?
  • Autonomous Weapons: Military Efficiency or Ethical Disaster?

Pros and Cons Issues

  • Telemedicine: Healthcare Accessibility or Patient Risk
  • Labor Unions: Employee Advocacy or Business Hindrance
  • Artificial Intelligence: Boosting Efficiency or Threatening Jobs
  • Plastic Surgery: Cosmetic Enhancement or Health Risk
  • Crypto-Currencies: Future of Finance or Bubble Waiting to Burst
  • Assisted Reproduction: Miracle of Science or Ethical Quandary
  • Multicultural Education: Promoting Diversity or Dividing Society
  • Reality TV: Entertainment or Cultural Decay
  • Extreme Sports: Thrilling Adventure or Unnecessary Risk
  • Designer Babies: Genetic Customization or Ethical Issue
  • Lobbying: Advocacy Tool or Unfair Influence
  • Violent Video Games: Entertainment or Negative Influence
  • Organic Farming: Sustainable Practice or Inefficient Production
  • Renewable Energy: Long-Term Solution or Unrealistic Ideal
  • Civil Disobedience: Necessary Protest or Legal Violation
  • Zoos: Conservation Efforts or Animal Cruelty
  • Performance Enhancing Drugs: Sporting Equality or Unfair Advantage
  • Stem Cell Research: Medical Breakthrough or Ethical Dilemma
  • Online Dating: Romantic Revolution or Relationship Ruin
  • Corporate Social Responsibility: Ethical Practice or Marketing Gimmick
  • Junk Food Taxation: Public Health Initiative or Personal Freedom Infringement
  • Single-Gender Education: Enhanced Learning or Limited Socialization
  • Offshore Drilling: Energy Opportunity or Environmental Threat
  • Monarchy: Historical Heritage or Outdated System
  • GMO Labeling: Consumer Right or Unnecessary Fearmongering

To Learn More, Read Relevant Articles

367 medical persuasive speech topics & informative ideas, 332 american government essay topics & research ideas.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Writing Essays

writing essays

What is an essay ? It is a text that states thoughts on a given topic in a specific sequence. Only a good argument, an accurate reflection of one’s thoughts, and their distribution in a strict sequence allow you to write a good essay. In many educational institutions, an essay is perceived as a means of control. Many students don’t like to write essays. They do not know how and don’t want to do it. Still, an essay is a beneficial exercise that develops written language, spelling, and punctuation literacy if it is written correctly. This is where report writing services can come in handy, assisting students in honing their writing skills effectively.

Advantages of Writing Essays

Essays help develop the following skills:

  • Essay contributes to the development of cognitive activity

Today, essays are written on various subjects. When writing an essay, students not only memorize facts but also understand the information acquired, learn to critically evaluate it, and use it in practice.

  • It is an additional way to test knowledge

This kind of assignment encourages the student to delve more seriously into the issue. After all, you need to conduct a mini-research to write a good essay. Getting an A grade is impossible if you don’t study the information related to the topic of the essay. The body of the essay is the presence of specifics. Facts come to the fore. The writer has to determine effective ways of argumentation based on reliable information. General ideas and reasoning about everything at once and at the same time about nothing are not welcome.

  • It teaches students to think

Thinking on pape r , writing, a student stimulates the thought process. It is often difficult for us to say something out loud or formulate a thought. Writing an essay helps us focus: fixing all the ideas that appear in the head, you can highlight the main thing and formulate the essence and the main idea. Oral thinking and communication also develop our brains.

  • It teaches to integrate details of disparate data into one whole

The essay develops the mastery of research and formulation of conclusions: it helps see the separate parts and the picture as a whole. It is the ability to see individual details, little things, the whole environment, and have a broad outlook and vision of the problem. This quality develops best when you work with many details and determine the main thing, writing all the important information down on paper. So, writing is one of the most useful ways to develop analytical talents.

  • It develops logic

Writing an essay develops our logic. Along with other subjects (for example, algebra and geometry), literature and text creation form logical thinking. The ability to skillfully, consistently, and logically state an idea is the basis of the skill of influence. It is a quality required for a successful expert: people with the skill of persuasion are more successful than others and are always in the lead.

  • Structuring information

When there is a lot of information, thoughts scatter, and opinions differ, the easiest way is to specify everything in writing. Writing everything down on paper emphasizes the essential thing. In addition, when writing an essay, you try to follow a certain order: either according to a once-created plan or intuitively. In this way, writing a text teaches you to structure any details.

Disadvantages of Writing Essays

Even though there are many advantages to writing an essay, there are also some disadvantages.

  • The given topic is not liked by the student (objectively), or it is not significant for them, uninteresting

Every person should have the right to choose. As a rule, students get one essay topic in schools and colleges. Some students are completely unfamiliar with the topic of “family” issues, relationships, tragedies, and dramas, but they would love to write an essay about new technologies. It may be more interesting for someone to write essays on their interests, hobbies, and talents.

  • The given topic is too general

If a topic is too general, it can be difficult for students to figure out what to write about, and what is expected of them.

  • The given topic causes irritation, contradictions, internal conflict, and disagreement with public opinion

Sometimes, students have to write not what they think but what the teacher wants to get from them. If they “dare” to express their opinion, this can lead to bad consequences (bad grades, public condemnation, conflict with the teacher, message to parents, etc.).

The very idea of ​​developing a student’s writing skills is a good tool for developing the student’s intellect. But there is not enough “flexibility,” that is, the interests and individuality of students are not always taken into account. Perhaps, many would write essays much more willingly if topics were closer to students’ interests and current modern changes.

If you can’t write essays or don’t have time for it, experienced authors are waiting for your appeal on the DoMyEssay website. The authors prepare essays on different subjects.

It takes a few hours to write an urgent essay. When you pay DoMyEssay.net , the exact cost is calculated individually, considering the topic of the work, the volume, and the timing of writing. The price will depend on the chosen topic, genre, subject, and volume. You can be sure that you will get a unique quality text. Online experts will help you write an essay inexpensively.

What needs to be done to find out the exact price?

  • Place an order;
  • Get the first responses from writers in 10 minutes.

Ordering an essay is inexpensive. You won’t overpay.

So, the essay, like any other written text, teaches us to formulate thoughts clearly and understandably. This quality is indispensable for personal and professional development, communicating with other people, achieving goals, etc. Among other things, the skill of writing helps single out the main idea from a variety of information. It is indispensable, especially in our time. The ability to discard the extra and leave the main thing often saves us when everything changes every second. If you don’t have time to write an essay yourself for some reason, you can seek help from professionals. They will write it as the rules require.

About The Author

pros and cons of an essay

Shagufta Parveen

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How to Plan & Write IELTS Advantages and Disadvantages Essays

Questions for IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays  can be worded in several different ways. Here is some typical wording that might be used:

  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of….?
  • Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your opinion.

It is also common for synonyms of ‘advantages’ and ‘disadvantages’ to be used, such as ‘benefits’ and ‘drawbacks’, as can be seen in this sample question.

A lot of places in the world rely on tourism as a main source of income. Unfortunately, tourism can also be a source of problems if it is not well-managed.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of tourism in the modern world? Do you think that the benefits of tourism outweigh its drawbacks?

I’ll be using this question to guide you through the process of planning and writing an IELTS advantage and disadvantages essay later on in this lesson.

Here’s what the lesson covers:

  • Understanding IELTS advantages & disadvantages essay questions 
  • Essay structures
  • How to plan
  • How to write an introduction
  • How to write main body paragraphs
  • How to write a conclusion

Want  to watch and listen? Click on this video.

Click the links to see lessons on each of these Task 2 essay writing topics. 

Once you understand the process, practice on past questions. Take your time at first and gradually speed up until you can plan and write an essay of at least 250 words in the 40 minutes allowed in the exam.

The Question

IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay questions fall into two main categories:

  • Questions that ask for your opinion.
  • Questions that do not require you to state your opinion.

The first part of the question will always be a statement. You will then be asked to write about  both  the advantages  and disadvantages of the idea stated. You may also be required to state your opinion.

Here are two more sample questions for illustration. For the first one, you must give your opinion but in the second, you should not.

1. Small businesses are disappearing and being replaced by large multinational companies.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

2. Most career choices demand vocational skills or specialist knowledge. However, despite this, most schools still teach academic subjects such as history or social studies.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Essay Structures

Now let’s look at two simple structures you can use to write IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays. They're not the only possible structures but are ones I recommend because they are easy to learn and will enable you to quickly plan and write a high-level essay.

I’ll explain later why I’m giving you two slightly different structures.

pros and cons of an essay

These structures will give you a well-balanced essay with 4 paragraphs.

One Advantage and Disadvantage or Two?

The question will state 'advantages' and 'disadvantages' in the plural, that is, more than one. However, it is acceptable to write about just one.

This should give you an essay of just over the minimum 250 words. To write about two advantages and disadvantages will require you to write nearer 400 words which are a lot to plan and write in the 40 minutes allowed.

It is better to fully develop one advantage and one disadvantage than ending up with your second idea missing an explanation or an example because you run out of time, but you can write about two if you feel able to or more comfortable doing so.

Having said that, using essay structure 2, where you start with the examples, will enable you to easily add more than one advantage and disadvantage without having to write many more words.

It will be more suitable for some questions than others so bear this in mind when you're writing practice essays and try out both structures.

I’m going to use essay structure 2 to show you step-by-step how to write an IELTS advantage and disadvantages essay. I’ll also give you a model answer using essay structure 1 so that you can compare the two.

How To Plan IELTS Advantages and Disadvantages Essays

The planning process only takes around 5 minutes but it is essential as it will save you time overall and will result in a far better essay and thus, higher marks. Th ere are the 3 things you need to do:

  • Analyse the question
  • Generate ideas
  • Identify vocabulary

# 1  Analyse the question

Analysing the question will ensure that you answer it fully. It’s quick and easy to do. You just need to identify 3 different types of words:

  • Topic words
  • Other keywords
  • Instruction words

Topics words are the ones that identify the general subject of the question and will be found in the statement part of the question.

Here is the question we’re going to be working on. I’ve highlighted the topic words in blue.

So, this question is about ‘ tourism’ .

Many people do this first step of the process and then write about the topic in general. This is a serious mistake and leads to low marks for task achievement.

What we need to do now that we know the general topic, is to understand exactly what aspect of tourism we're being asked to write about.

The  other keywords  in the question tell you the specific topic your essay must be about. 

A lot of places in the world rely on tourism as a main source of income . Unfortunately, tourism can also be a source of problems if it is not well-managed.

By highlighting these words, it’s easy to see that you are being asked to write about the conflicting issues of tourism being ‘a main source of income’ in many places, yet also being ‘a source of problems’.

Your essay must only include ideas relevant to this aspect of tourism.

The  instruction words  are the question itself. They tell you exactly what to include in your essay.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of tourism in the modern world? Do you think that the  benefits of tourism outweigh its drawbacks ?

Here, we are required to write about:

  • The advantages of tourism in relation to income generation.
  • The disadvantage of tourism in relation to problems it can cause.
  • Our opinion as to whether the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.

Note the use of the synonyms ‘ benefits ’ and ‘ drawback ’ in the second sentence of the question.

# 2  Generate ideas

The next task is to generate some ideas to write about.

There are several different ways to think up ideas. I cover them fully on the  IELTS Essay Planning  page.

I’m going to demonstrate two of them for you here – the ‘friends technique’, which is suitable for most IELTS essays, and the ‘example method’, which perfectly fits essay structure 2.

The ‘ friends technique ’ is the method I generally prefer as it allows you to take a step back from the stress of the exam situation and think more calmly.

Here’s how it works. Imagine that you are chatting with a friend over a cup of coffee and they ask you this question. What are the first thoughts to come into your head? Plan your essay around these ideas.

Doing this will help you to come up with simple answers in everyday language rather than straining your brain to think of amazing ideas using high-level language, which isn’t necessary.

Here are my ideas using the friends technique:

pros and cons of an essay

There are far too many ideas here to include in an essay of just over 250 words. Think up a few then pick one advantage and one disadvantage that you think you can develop well.

With the ' example method ', on the other hand, you start by thinking of specific examples related to the question. They can come from your own experience or be something you’ve read or heard about. These examples will generate ideas that will become the main points of your essay.

It works particularly well for the model question I’ve selected for this lesson which is why I’ve included the second essay structure.

Here are my ideas using the examples technique:

pros and cons of an essay

Now that we have some ideas, we’re almost ready to start writing our IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay, but first, we have one more task to do.

# 3  Vocabulary

During the planning stage, quickly jot down some vocabulary that comes to mind as you decide what you're going to write about, especially synonyms of key words. This will save you having to stop and think of the right language while you’re writing.

Writing an IELTS Advantages and Disadvantages Essay

We’re ready to begin writing our essay. For the first model answer, I’m going to take you step-by-step through essay structure 2. I’ll then give you a model answer for essay structure 1.

Here’s a reminder of the question and the essay structure. 

We’ll now start work on the introduction.

How To Write an Introduction

The introduction to an IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay should have a simple 2 or 3 part structure:

  • Paraphrase the question
  • Outline the main ideas
  • State your opinion (if required)

Our tourism question asks for our opinion so our introduction will have 3 parts.

1)  Paraphrase the question

Start your introduction by paraphrasing the question statement.

     Question:   A lot of places in the world rely on tourism as a main source of income.             

      Unfortunately, tourism can also be a source of problems if it is not well-managed.

Paraphrased question:  

Although holidaymakers contribute hugely to the economies of many popular destinations, the influx of tourists can also cause serious issues.

Note my use of synonyms for some of the key words. It’s fine to repeat one or two words if you can't think of suitable synonyms. Above all, your language must sound natural.

2)  Outline statement

Now we need to add a statement where we outline the main points that we’ll be covering in the rest of the essay, that is, an advantage of tourism and a disadvantage of tourism.

Here are the two main ideas I’ve chosen to write about:

  • Advantage – Poor areas are now prosperous tourist resorts
  • Disadvantage – Displacement of local people

Outline statement:  

This essay will demonstrate how tourism can transform the economy of poor areas but will also show that this can lead to such problems as the displacement of local people.

3)  Opinion statement

The question also asks for our opinion and it’s essential that we include it in the introduction.

Opinion statement:  

Whilst acknowledging that there are drawbacks, the essay will argue that the advantages of the tourist industry outweigh the disadvantages.

So, let’s bring the three elements of our introduction together.


pros and cons of an essay

This introduction achieves three important functions:

  • It shows the examiner that you understand the question.
  • It acts as a guide to the examiner as to what your essay is about.
  • It also helps to keep you focused and on track as you write.

The two ideas in your introduction will become your two main body paragraphs.

Main body paragraph 1  – Poor areas are now prosperous tourist resorts

Main body paragraph 2  – Displacement of local people

How To Write Main Body Paragraphs

Main body paragraphs in IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays written using structure 2, should contain 3 things:

  • Topic sentence – give an example
  • Explanation – explain the benefits/advantages
  • Consequence – state the result

Main Body Paragraph 1

The  topic sentence  summarises the main idea of the paragraph. It plays an important role in ensuring that your ideas flow logically from one to another. It does this by acting as a signpost for what is to come next, that is, what the paragraph will be about.

If you maintain a clear development of ideas throughout your essay, you will get high marks for task achievement and cohesion and coherence.

In this instance, the topic sentence will introduce our first example, for which I’ve chosen Thailand.

  • Main idea –  Poor areas are now prosperous tourist resorts
  • Example – Thailand

Topic sentence:  

One country that has experienced a significant economic boost from tourism is Thailand.

Next, we must write an  explanation sentence  that states the main point of our example.

Explanation sentence: 

Over the past 50 years, many of its small fishing villages, where people often struggled to make a living, have been developed into thriving holiday destinations.

Finally, we explain the  consequence or result  of the situation. This is where we give an example of one specific advantage. It is better to pick one and develop it than to just add a long list.


With all the hotels, restaurants, shops and other tourist facilities that have been developed, there are now enough jobs for everyone and the general standard of living has greatly increased.  Many local people have spotted new business opportunities and become entrepreneurs which has further diversified the economy.

That’s the 3 parts of our first main body paragraph complete. Here’s the finished paragraph.

pros and cons of an essay

We’ll now follow the same process for our second main body paragraph.

Main Body Paragraph 2

Main idea –  Displacement of local people

Example – Venice

First, we write the  topic sentence  to summarise the main idea.

Topic sentence:

In Venice, on the other hand, the huge popularity of the beautiful canals and stunning architecture with visitors from around the world has had a negative impact on local residents.

Now for the  explanation sentence   that states the main point of our example.

Explanation sentence:

The growing need for tourist accommodation, places to eat and shops has forced many people from their homes to make way for this new development.

Finally, a specific example to explain the consequence .

Not only have these people suffered by having to move away from their family and friends but the situation has also resulted in a lost sense of community in the worst affected areas.

That’s the 3 parts of our second main body paragraph complete. Here’s the finished paragraph.

pros and cons of an essay

Now we need a conclusion and our IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay is done.

How To Write a Conclusion

The conclusion is a summary of the main points in your essay and can generally be done in a single sentence. It should never introduce new ideas.

If you're below the minimum 250 words after you’ve written your conclusion, you can add a prediction or recommendation statement.

Our essay is already near the minimum word limit so we don’t need this extra sentence but you can learn more about how to write a prediction or recommendation statement for IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays on  the Task 2 Conclusions page.

The conclusion is the easiest sentence in the essay to write but one of the most important.

A good conclusion will:

  • Neatly end the essay
  • Link all your ideas together
  • Sum up your argument or opinion
  • Answer the question

If you achieve this, you’ll improve your score for both task achievement and cohesion and coherence which together make up 50% of the overall marks. Without a conclusion, you’ll score below band 6 for task achievement.

You can start almost any final paragraph of an IELTS a dvantages and disadvantages essay  with the words:

  • In conclusion


  • To conclude

Now all you need to do is briefly summarise the main ideas into one sentence.

Here’s a top tip . Go back and read the introduction to the essay because this is also a summary of the essay. It outlines what you are going to write about.

To create a great conclusion, you simply have to paraphrase the introduction. 


Here's the same information formed into a conclusion:

pros and cons of an essay

That’s it. We’ve completed our advantages and disadvantages essay. Here it is with the 4 paragraphs put together.

Finished IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay.

pros and cons of an essay

Go through this lesson as many times as you need to in order to fully understand it and put in lots of practice writing IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays from past exam questions. Practice is the only way to improve your skills.

Example IELTS Advantages and Disadvantages Essay for Structure 1

Now, here’s a model answer for essay structure 1. First, a reminder of the structure and the ideas I generated using the friends technique.

pros and cons of an essay

Ideas generation - Friends technique

I’ve underline the ideas I’ve chosen to write about in this second essay:

Advantages of tourism – source of income:

  • Provides jobs for local people
  • Opportunities for local entrepreneurs
  • Tourist spending boosts both national & local economy
  • Brings improvement in local infrastructure & facilities which benefit whole community
  • Helps maintain traditions & culture

Disadvantages of tourism – the problems:

  • Money goes to wealthy business owners not local people
  • Increased crime
  • Illegal activities, e.g. drugs
  • More pubs & clubs – changes the local culture
  • Increase in property values
  • Destruction of the natural environment to build hotels, airports & other facilities
  • Displacement of indigenous people 

See if you can identify the different parts of the essay and how I have developed them.

pros and cons of an essay

That's it. Now it's time for you to get practicing.

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More help with ielts advantages and disadvantages essays & other task 2 essays.

IELTS Writing Task 2  – T he format, the 5 question types, the 5 step essay writing strategy & sample questions. All the key information you need to know.

The 5 Types of Task 2 Essay   – How to recognise the 5 different types of Task 2 essays. 15 sample questions to study and a simple planning structure for each essay type.

Understanding Task 2 Questions  – How to quickly and easily analyse and understand IELTS Writing Task 2 questions.

How To Plan a Task 2 Essay  – Discover why essay planning is essential & learn a simple 4 step strategy, the 4 part essay structure & 4 methods of generating ideas.

How To Write a Task 2 Introduction  – Find out why a good introduction is essential. Learn how to write one using a simple 3 part strategy & discover 4 common mistakes to avoid.

How To Write Task 2 Main Body Paragraphs  – Learn the simple 3 part structure for writing great main body paragraphs and also, 3 common mistakes to avoid. 

How To Write Task 2 Conclusions  – Learn the easy way to write the perfect conclusion for a Task 2 essay. Also discover 4 common mistakes to avoid.

Task 2 Marking Criteria  – Find out how to meet the marking criteria in Task 2. See examples of good and poor answers & learn some common mistakes to avoid.

The 5 Task 2 Essay Types:

Step-by-step instructions on how to plan & write high-level essays. Model answers & common mistakes to avoid.

   Opinion Essays

   Discussion Essays

  Problem Solution Essays

  Advantages & Disadvantages Essays

  Double Question Essays

Other Related Pages

IELTS Writing Test  – Understand the format & marking criteria, know what skills are assessed & learn the difference between the Academic & General writing tests.

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How to Write a Pros & Cons Essay

Much like writing a debate essay, writing a pros and cons essay argues an issue. However, unlike a debate essay, which addresses one viewpoint, the pros and cons essay deals with both sides of the issue. With research and preparation, students can write a thought-provoking -- and grade-worthy -- pros and cons essay.

First Things First

Unlike the debate paper, for which you conduct research to support your position on an issue, you must research the issue extensively so that you can dispassionately describe the pros and cons. Find resources that cover opposing sides of the issue. Take thorough notes and resist the temptation to discard positions that repel you. You might use a graphic organizer to bring order to your findings. Draw a large lowercase "t" on a sheet of paper. Title the left side "pros" and list all the pros of the issue on the left side. Include citations from your research. Title the right side "cons" and repeat the process.

The Positive View

Your introductory paragraph must briefly and dispassionately describe the issue. Follow with a sentence that summarizes the pro side of the debate, followed by a sentence that summarizes the con. Then, open with the case for the pro. Devote one paragraph to each of your primary points. You can cover secondary points in groups of two or three in a single paragraph. When you cover multiple points in a paragraph, reread the paragraph several times and ask others to review it. You don't want the multiplicity of your points to muddy the information you're trying to convey. Support each pro point with evidence based on your research.

The Negative Side

Follow your pro points with the arguments for the other side. Open with a brief introduction that clearly summarizes the opposing view. Each con paragraph should support your point with meticulously researched evidence. Emphasize any points that contradict a pro point you may have highlighted in the preceding section.

Your conclusion should state the issue and why it is important. Choose one strong pro and one strong con to include in your conclusion to illustrate the most prominent points. Finally, craft a strong sentence that ties all of your ideas together to end your essay.

One Last Look for Fairness

Read the essay to ensure you've applied the same rigorous standards for evidence to both sides. Check whether you've used transitional language to link the paragraphs into cohesive arguments. Have others read it and ask them to tell you whether they can detect any biases.

  • BYU: Reading/Writing Center -- Pro/Con Essays
  • Literacy Education Online: Strategies for Writing a Conclusion

Lori Garrett-Hatfield has a B.J. in Journalism from the University of Missouri. She has a Ph.D. in Adult Education from the University of Georgia. She has been working in the Education field since 1994, and has taught every grade level in the K-12 system, specializing in English education, and English as a Second Language education.


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