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30 Globalization Pros and Cons

Definition: Globalization refers to the increasing global interconnectedness of nations. It it not only economic integration. It also refers to cultural , technological , social , and political integration (Dincer et al., 2018). A good catch-all definition comes from Hodos (2016), who writes: “Globalization is defined as the process of becoming globally connected.”

globalization definition

Globalization Pros and Cons

The advantages of globalization, 1. increased economic growth.

economic growth definition

Globalization facilitates technology, knowledge, and goods transfer, which in turn boosts economic growth (Erixon, 2018).

Through globalization, countries can now purchase the newest technologies and import the most productive machinery from other countries.

This means every country now has access to the most productive machineries, making the whole world more productive. Productivity means more output, which means more economic growth.

2. Cultural exchange and diversity

cultural diversity examples and definition

Globalization facilitates cultural exchange and diversity by increasing interactions among people from different parts of the world through trade, travel, and communication.

This exposure leads to the sharing of ideas, traditions, languages, and values across borders, enriching the cultural landscape of participating societies.

Such interactions often lead to the fusion of cuisines, music, art, and fashion, creating new, hybrid forms of cultural expression.

3. Improvement in global communication

global communication definition

Globalization is both caused by and a catalyst for the expansion of global technology and telecommunications. For example, the internet helps facilitate global trade, and demand for a fast and reliable global internet has stimulated its technological development.

The resulting interconnectedness allows for real-time communication across different countries, breaking down geographical and temporal barriers. The result is a more integrated world where cultural and professional exchanges occur more seamlessly.

4. Greater access to foreign investment

foreign investment definition

Globalization leads to greater access to foreign investment. With broken-down financial barriers, businesses can now source overseas investors for funds. This helps push down the cost of investment and stimulate local business (Erixon, 2018).

It’s also good for investors. They can diversify their portfolios by investing in different countries, and developing countries can benefit from foreign capital to fund growth and development projects.

This influx of foreign investment can lead to economic growth, technological advancements, and increased employment opportunities in the recipient countries.

5. Access to new markets for businesses

global marketplace definition

200 years ago, everyday small businesspeople could generally only trade with nearby communities. They had to get goods to market via horse and cart and anything perishable had to be consumed fast. There were no refigerators!

Today, with global supply chains, refrigerators, and free trade agreements, even small businesspeople have access to global markets.

Companies can therefore expand their operations and customer base beyond their domestic markets, tapping into demand in different countries (Erixon, 2018).

6. Increased migration opportunities

types of migration, explained below

Globalization has opened up global labor markets. Nowadays, it takes less than 24 hours to move anywhere across the world. No more 3-month boat rides! This has allowed highly-skilled professionals to cross the world and get jobs exactly where there is market demand.

This mobility benefits migrants through better opportunities, the companies by linking them up with the best possible employees, and also contributes to the cultural and economic dynamism of the host countries (Dumont, Rayp & Willemé, 2012).

7. Reduction in prices of goods and services

goods and services examples and definitions

Globalization leads to a reduction in prices of goods and services by allowing countries to specialize in producing goods where they have a comparative advantage, leading to more efficient production and lower costs (Mir, Hassan & Qadri, 2014).

The removal of trade barriers and the increased competition in global markets drive down prices, making products more affordable for consumers (Erixon, 2018).

Additionally, the global supply chain means consumers have access to a wider variety of goods and services from different parts of the world.

8. Increased competition leading to innovation

innovation definition

Globalization leads to increased competition because you’re no longer just competing with Bob down the road. Businesses are now competing with other businesses from the other side of the world (Erixon, 2018).

While at first this competition sounds bad, it tends to have positive effects. For example, it spurs innovation as companies strive to maintain their competitive edge in a global market.

The exposure to different market needs and technological advancements across borders encourages businesses to innovate and improve their products and services.

This competition not only drives technological advancement but also leads to better quality and diverse options for consumers.

9. Opportunity for developing countries to develop faster

developing nation definition

Developing countries need foreign investment and access to foreign markets in order to grow. Globalization provides this access (Mir, Hassan & Qadri, 2014).

This exposure to global markets and capital can accelerate economic growth, create jobs, and promote infrastructure development.

Furthermore, the exchange of knowledge and best practices with developed nations can enhance the skills and capacities of the workforce in developing countries, leading to sustainable development.

10. Spread of democratic values

democracy examples and definition, explained below

Some argue that globalization has led to the spread of democratic values. Arjun Appadurai calls this the “ideoscape” of globalization.

The global spread of media and the internet allows for the rapid dissemination of democratic ideals and human rights concepts.

We saw this, for example, during the Arab Spring of 2011, where activist groups multiple countries in the Arab world collaborated via social media to demand democratic reforms.

11. Global talent pool for employment

Global talent pool definition

Globalization leads to a global talent pool for employment as businesses and organizations have access to a wider range of skills and expertise from around the world (Dumont, Rayp & Willemé, 2012).

Enhanced mobility and interconnectedness allow employers to recruit talent from different countries, enabling them to meet specific skill requirements more effectively.

This global workforce diversifies the workplace, fosters innovation, and enhances competitiveness by bringing together diverse perspectives and experiences.

12. Enhanced opportunities for high-skilled workers

high-skilled workers definition

Globalization leads to enhanced opportunities for high-skilled workers as it opens up a vast array of international job opportunities in various sectors, including technology, finance, and healthcare (Dumont, Rayp & Willemé, 2012).

These workers can leverage their specialized skills in a broader market, often finding better employment prospects, higher salaries, and advanced career development options globally.

Moreover, the exchange of expertise and knowledge across borders contributes to professional growth and the advancement of specialized fields.

13. Enhanced global cooperation and peace

Global cooperation definition

Globalization could also, in an optimistic scenario, lead to enhanced global cooperation and peace. This is based on the theory that increasing economic interdependence among nations encourages diplomatic relations and collaboration rather than war (Baldwin, 2008).

The shared interests in maintaining stable trade and investment environments promote peaceful interactions and reduce the likelihood of conflicts.

Furthermore, international institutions and agreements foster a platform for dialogue and conflict resolution, contributing to global stability and peace.

14. Widening networking opportunities

professional networking examples and definition, explained below

Globalization leads to widening networking opportunities as it connects people from different cultures and professional backgrounds through international business, education, and social media platforms.

These connections facilitate the exchange of ideas, collaboration on projects, and the formation of global communities with shared interests and goals.

This extensive networking can lead to new business opportunities, partnerships, and innovations, benefiting individuals and organizations alike (Dumont, Rayp & Willemé, 2012).

15. Access to more goods for consumers

consumer goods examples and definition

Globalization leads to access to more goods for consumers by breaking down trade barriers and enabling the efficient flow of products across borders (Mir, Hassan & Qadri, 2014).

Amazon Canada doesn’t have the product? No problem, try Amazon UK instead!

This results in a wider variety of goods available in the market, often at lower prices due to increased competition and economies of scale in production.

Consumers benefit from the improved quality, variety, and affordability of products, enhancing their purchasing choices and overall quality of life.

Disadvantages of Globalization

1. widening of economic disparities.

Economic disparities definition

While the above positives sound good, many like Naomi Klein argue that globalization can lead to the widening of economic disparities as it often benefits developed nations and those with competitive advantages, while less developed countries may struggle to keep up.

This can result in increased wealth for certain regions and sectors, while others may experience stagnation or decline in economic growth. The result is a growing gap between the rich and the poor, both within and between countries.

2. Cultural Homogenization (Loss of local cultures)

cultural homogenization examples and definition

There is an argument that globalization can lead to the loss of local cultures and identities as global brands and Western media dominate, overshadowing local traditions, languages, and practices.

We call this ‘ cultural homogenization ‘.

The spread of a homogenized global culture can dilute the uniqueness of local cultures, leading to a decrease in cultural diversity. People may adopt global trends at the expense of traditional values and customs, leading to a loss of cultural heritage.

Others dispute this claim, arguing instead that globalization leads to a process called glocalization .

3. Exploitation of labor in developing countries

Labor exploitation definition

Globalization can lead to the exploitation of labor in developing countries (Sharma, 2014). Multinational companies may seek to minimize costs by relocating production to regions where labor is cheaper and regulations are less stringent (e.g. opening up factories in Mexico and China instead of midwestern USA).

This can result in poor working conditions, low wages, and a lack of labor rights, exploiting the workforce in these countries. The pursuit of profit by global corporations can overshadow the need for ethical labor practices, leading to exploitation.

4. Environmental degradation

Environmental degradation definition

Environmentalists are often concerned that globalization is exacerbating environmental degradation. Increased industrial activity and international transportation contribute to pollution and natural resource depletion (Mir, Hassan & Qadri, 2014).

The global demand for goods encourages mass production, often without adequate environmental safeguards, leading to habitat destruction, loss of biodiversity, and climate change.

The focus on economic growth and consumerism can overshadow the need for sustainable environmental practices, exacerbating global environmental challenges.

5. Increased risk of financial contagion

Financial contagion definition

Globalization leads to an increased risk of financial contagion as economies become more interconnected, meaning that financial crises can quickly spread from one country to another (Mendoza & Quadrini, 2010; Mir, Hassan & Qadri, 2014).

This interdependence is due to global investment and the intertwined nature of banking and financial markets.

A financial problem in one country can lead to investor panic and a loss of confidence, triggering a domino effect that impacts economies worldwide.

6. Over-dependence on global markets

Globalization leads to concerns that countries are over-dependent on foreign markets for essential supplies.

This dependence can make economies vulnerable when supply chains break down. When a major global shock occurs, countries heavily reliant on that market for exports or investment can experience significant economic disruptions (Mendoza & Quadrini, 2010).

For example, most nations in the world are reliant on Taiwan for computer chips. If Taiwan were suddenly invaded by China, the rest of the world won’t be able to produce sufficient computers!

7. Threat to local businesses and industries

economic threat examples and definition

In a globalized marketplace, local businesses face intense competition from larger multinational corporations.

These multinationals often have greater resources, technology, and access to larger markets, which can overshadow local enterprises (Burlacu, Gutu & Matei, 2018).

This intense competition can lead to the closure of local businesses, loss of traditional industries, and a decrease in domestic job opportunities.

8. Erosion of national sovereignty

National sovereignty definition

National sovereignty is threatened by a globalized world. Governments may be compelled to alter their policies and regulations to attract global investment and remain competitive in the international market, locking themselves into international trade agreements that require compromise and cooperation (Burlacu, Gutu & Matei, 2018).

This can result in countries losing control over their economic, social, and environmental policies, potentially prioritizing international interests over national priorities.

9. Downward pressure on wages

wage pressures examples and definition

Globalization can lead to downward pressure on wages as businesses seek to reduce costs by outsourcing jobs to countries where labor is cheaper (Mir, Hassan & Qadri, 2014).

This competition for lower-cost labor markets can result in wage stagnation or decreases in higher-wage countries.

Additionally, the influx of workers willing to accept lower wages can suppress wage growth even in sectors not directly exposed to international competition.

10. Spread of Political Ideologies

ideology definition examples

While earlier I noted that globalization may have sped up the spread of democracy, the opposite may occur.

While democracy may have been promoted by globalization – especially in the 20th Century – the same could happen with anti-democratic ideologies . For example, recently we have seen the spread of authoritarianism and “illiberal democracy” across the world.

11. Brain drain in developing countries

brain drain definition

Globalization leads to brain drain in developing countries as highly educated and skilled professionals migrate to developed countries in search of better job opportunities, salaries, and living conditions (Dumont, Rayp & Willemé, 2012).

This migration of talent results in a significant loss of skilled labor for the originating countries, impacting their development and economic growth.

The departure of these key individuals can also lead to a shortage of expertise necessary for local advancement and innovation.

12. Spread of diseases across borders

Globalization leads to the spread of diseases across borders as increased international travel and trade facilitate the rapid movement of people and goods around the world.

This mobility can enable pathogens to cross geographical boundaries more easily, leading to the faster spread of infectious diseases.

Outbreaks that might have been contained within a region in the past can now quickly escalate into global health emergencies.

13. Vulnerability to global economic fluctuations

economic fluctuations definition

A globalized nation may be vulnerable to global economic fluctuations as economies become increasingly interconnected through trade, investment, and financial markets (Mendoza & Quadrini, 2010).

This interconnectedness means that economic issues in one country or region can have ripple effects globally, impacting economies that might not be directly related to the initial problem.

As a result, even local economies can be significantly affected by economic downturns or crises occurring in distant markets.

14. Concentration of corporate power

corporate power definition

Some argue that globalization leads to the concentration of corporate power as large multinational corporations expand their reach and influence across multiple countries (Cowling & Tomlinson, 2005).

These corporations can dominate markets, overshadowing smaller local businesses and potentially manipulating markets to their advantage.

This concentration of power can lead to reduced competition, influence over political and economic policies, and an unequal distribution of economic benefits.

15. Potential for global monopolies and oligopolies

monopoly examples and definition, explained below

Similarly, globalization could lead to the potential for global monopolies and oligopolies as dominant corporations expand their reach across international borders (Burlacu, Gutu & Matei, 2018).

These entities can gain excessive market control, limiting competition and potentially leading to higher prices and fewer choices for consumers.

The global scale of these companies makes it challenging for new entrants to compete, and their influence can extend to shaping market regulations and policies in their favor.

Baldwin, R. (2008). EU institutional reform: Evidence on globalization and international cooperation. American Economic Review, 98(2), 127-132.

Burlacu, S., Gutu, C., & Matei, F. O. (2018). Globalization–pros and cons.  Calitatea ,  19 (S1), 122-125.

Cowling, K., & Tomlinson, P. R. (2005). Globalisation and corporate power .  Contributions to Political Economy ,  24 (1), 33-54.

Dincer, H., Yüksel, S., & Hacioglu, Ü. (Eds.). (2018). Strategic Design and Innovative Thinking in Business Operations: The Role of Business Culture and Risk Management . Springer International Publishing.

Dumont, M., Rayp, G., & Willemé, P. (2012). The bargaining position of low-skilled and high-skilled workers in a globalising world .  Labour Economics ,  19 (3), 312-319.

Erixon, F. (2018). The economic benefits of globalization for business and consumers.  European Centre for International Political Economy .

Hodos, T. (Ed.). (2016). The Routledge Handbook of Archaeology and Globalization. Taylor & Francis.

Mendoza, E. G., & Quadrini, V. (2010). Financial globalization, financial crises and contagion .  Journal of monetary economics ,  57 (1), 24-39.

Mir, U. R., Hassan, S. M., & Qadri, M. M. (2014). Understanding globalization and its future: An analysis.  Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences ,  34 (2), 607-624.

Sharma, N. K. (2013). Globalization and its impact on the third world economy.  Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies ,  1 (1), 21-28.


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Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization Essay

When discussing the drawbacks and benefits of globalization, essays tend to be on the longer side. The example below is a brief exploration of this complex subject. Learn more in this concise globalization pros and cons essay.


  • Benefits and Disadvantages of Globalization

Reducing Negative Effects

In today’s world, globalization is a process that affects all aspects of people’s lives. It also has a crucial impact on businesses and governments as it provides opportunities for development while causing significant challenges. This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of globalization using evidence from academic sources. The report also suggests how governments and companies may implement to reduce the negative impact of the process.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Globalization

Globalization is a complex concept that can be defined by the process of interaction between organizations, businesses, and people on an international scale, which is driven by international trade. Some people may associate it with uniformity, while others can perceive it as the cause of diversification. The reason for such a difference in public opinion is that globalization has both advantages and disadvantages that should be analyzed.

The most significant positive aspects of globalization include global economic growth, the elimination of barriers between nations, and the establishment of competition between countries, which can potentially lead to a decrease in prices. Globalization supports free trade, creates jobs, and helps societies to become more tolerant towards each other. In addition, this process may increase the speed of financial and commercial operations, as well as reduce the isolation of poor populations (Burlacu, Gutu, & Matei, 2018; Amavilah, Asongu, & Andrés, 2017).

The disadvantages of globalization are that it causes the transfer of jobs from developed to lower-cost countries, a decrease in the national intellectual potential, the exploitation of labor, and a security deficit. Moreover, globalization leads to ecological deficiency (Ramsfield, Bentz, Faccoli, Jactel, & Brockerhoff, 2016). In addition, this process may result in multinational corporations influencing political decisions and offering unfair working conditions to their employees.

Firms and governments can work on eliminating the negative effects of globalization in the following ways. For example, countries should work on microeconomic policies, such as enhancing opportunities for education and career training and establishing less rigid labor markets. In addition, governments can build the necessary institutional infrastructure to initiate economic growth. To solve the problem of poor working conditions, it is vital to establish strict policies regarding minimum wages and the working environment for employees. A decrease in the national intellectual potential may be addressed by offering a broad range of career opportunities with competitive salaries, as well as educating future professionals on how their skills can solve problems on the local level.

Companies, in their turn, may invest in technologies that may lead to more flexible energy infrastructure, lower production costs, and decrease carbon emissions. They can also establish strong corporate cultures to support their workers and provide them with an opportunity to share their ideas and concerns. Such an approach may eliminate employees’ migration to foreign organizations and increase their loyalty to local organizations. It is vital for companies to develop policies aimed at reducing a negative impact on the environment as well by using less destructive manufacturing alternatives and educating their employees on ecology-related issues.

Globalization has a significant impact on companies, governments, and the population. It can be considered beneficial because it helps to eliminate barriers between nations, causes competition between countries, and initiates economic growth. At the same time, globalization may result in a decrease in the national intellectual potential, the exploitation of labor, and ecology deficiency. To address these problems, organizations and governments can develop policies to enhance the population’s education, improve working conditions, and reduce carbon emissions.

Amavilah, V., Asongu, S. A., & Andrés, A. R. (2017). Effects of globalization on peace and stability: Implications for governance and the knowledge economy of African countries. Technological Forecasting and Social Change , 122 (C), 91-103.

Burlacu, S., Gutu, C., & Matei, F. O. (2018). Globalization – Pros and cons. Calitatea , 19 (S1), 122-125.

Ramsfield, T. D., Bentz, B. J., Faccoli, M., Jactel, H., & Brockerhoff, E. G. (2016). Forest health in a changing world: Effects of globalization and climate change on forest insect and pathogen impacts. Forestry , 89 (3), 245-252.

  • Chicago (A-D)
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IvyPanda. (2023, October 29). Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization Essay.

"Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization Essay." IvyPanda , 29 Oct. 2023,

IvyPanda . (2023) 'Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization Essay'. 29 October.

IvyPanda . 2023. "Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization Essay." October 29, 2023.

1. IvyPanda . "Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization Essay." October 29, 2023.


IvyPanda . "Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization Essay." October 29, 2023.

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An economist explains the pros and cons of globalization

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Piling up: Global trade has increased, but has it been a positive or negative force? Image:  REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

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globalization essay pros and cons

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Stay up to date:, global governance.

Every industrial revolution has driven a wave of globalization. The first wave was driven by innovations such as the steam engine and the industrial weaving machine; the second by the assembly line, the car and the plane; and the third by the digital revolution.

As we enter the fourth wave of globalization, driven by the digital revolution, there is renewed debate over whether it is a beneficial force: powering economic growth, and allowing the spread of ideas to improve people’s lives; or whether it erodes communities, and widens the gap between the elites and the rest of the world.

Globalization results in increased trade and lower prices. It heightens competition within domestic product, capital, and labour markets, as well as among countries adopting different trade and investment strategies.

But how do these impacts net out? What are the positive and negative effects of globalization? The below is an edited transcript of a conversation with Gita Gopinath, Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Overall, what are the advantages of globalization?

The advantages of globalization are actually much like the advantages of technological improvement. They have very similar effects: they raise output in countries, raise productivity, create more jobs, raise wages, and lower prices of products in the world economy.

What might be the advantages of globalization that someone would feel in their day-to-day life?

I think something that's not sufficiently appreciated about, for instance, international trade is that it reduces the prices of goods that they consume. So if you look at day-to-day things that you purchase, in terms of washing machines, or cars, or even clothing, because of international trade we've had a decline in prices of these goods, so they have become far more affordable for a lot of people in the world.

How have the benefits played out in advanced economies versus poorer ones over the last three decades?

Both advanced economies and developing economies have benefited overall in terms of having higher productivity, more job creation, and higher wages. As we've always known, and this is true again with technology, there are always some winners and losers. So there are communities and there are workers who lose out when there is more trade integration. That is what we're seeing right now in terms of discontent with international trade.

Who have been the biggest losers?

The biggest losers from international trade are always those whose skills have a cheaper competitor in a different market. So, in the case of the US, it's been those who work in the manufacturing sector because jobs in the manufacturing sector have been outsourced to countries where labour is far cheaper.

On the other hand, in developing countries, more capital-intensive goods get imported more cheaply from the outside. So if you're a manufacturer of a capital-intensive good in a developing country you tend to lose because of that competition.

This is how it is with international trade: production goes to wherever it is most efficient to produce. So, when people in any country are exposed to this kind of competition, some win and some lose.

Is it possible as an economist to come up with a verdict? Has this wave of globalized trade been a net positive or a net negative?

If you say, I'm going to look at it from a measure of overall effect on a country's income, on its purchasing power, on the prices that its people pay, overall I think the evidence that we have all points to it being a net positive.

Now, if you frame the question as, has international trade been good for the manufacturing worker in the US? Then the answer to that would be “not fully”; it's been very costly in terms of jobs and wages for them.

How optimistic are you that this next wave of globalization offers a better future?

I would make a couple of points. First, the previous waves of globalization have been quite successful in lifting a large number of people out of poverty and so we should appreciate that.

The second thing is that any form of globalization will generate winners and losers. So even if you have the perfect, most optimal international trade agreements, there will always be those who lose out because of competition, in the exact same way that people lose out whenever there's a new technology being developed.

And so if we want to make sure that the next wave of globalization is even more successful, it has to be complemented with good, sound domestic policies that help those who are getting left out.

How optimistic are you that the trade war between the US and China will be swiftly resolved?

It's absolutely essential that it be resolved, and it gets resolved in a way that's long lasting. The world economy has lived with the uncertainty about trade tensions for a while now and if there is any solution and there is a sense that the solution is only transitory and something can again get triggered in the future, I think that's very costly.

I'd say I'm mildly optimistic because I think leaders in the world are recognizing that these trade tensions are having a negative effect on their economies and so it would make sense to sit down and resolve it.

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6 Pros and Cons of Globalization in Business to Consider

Business professional considering the pros and cons of globalization

  • 01 Apr 2021

Throughout history, commerce and business have been limited by certain geographic constraints. In its earliest days, trade happened between neighboring tribes and city-states. As humans domesticated the horse and other animals, the distances they could travel to trade increased. These distances increased further with the development of seafaring capabilities.

Although humans have been using ships for centuries to transport goods, cargo, people, and ideas around the world, it wasn’t until the development of the airplane that the blueprint of a “globalized economy” was laid. This was for a simple reason: You can travel greater distances faster than ever before.

The development of the internet accelerated this process even more, making it easier to communicate and collaborate with others. Today, your international co-worker, business partner, customer, or friend is only a few taps or clicks away.

Globalization has had numerous effects—both positive and negative—on business and society at large. Here’s an overview of the pros and cons of globalization in business.

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What Is Globalization?

Globalization is the increased flow of goods, services, capital, people, and ideas across international boundaries according to the online course Global Business , taught by Harvard Business School Professor Forest Reinhardt.

“We live in an age of globalization,” Reinhardt says in Global Business . “That is, national economies are even more tightly connected with one another than ever before.”

How Globalization Affects Daily Life

Globalization has had a significant impact on various aspects of daily life.

For example, it’s changed the way consumers shop for products and services. Today, 70 percent of Americans shop online. In 2022, there were 268 million digital buyers in the US and by 2025, this number is predicted to reach 285 million.

In addition, the globalized economy has opened up new job markets by making it more feasible to hire overseas workers. This has created a wide range of career opportunities for both job seekers and employers.

The emergence of remote work post-pandemic was also made possible by globalization. According to a survey from WFH Research , only seven percent of paid workdays in the US were remote in 2019. However, this number climbed to 29 percent by January 2024.

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Advantages of Globalization

1. economic growth.

It’s widely believed that one of the benefits of globalization is greater economic growth for all parties. There are several reasons why this might be the case, including:

  • Access to labor: Globalization gives all nations access to a wider labor pool. Developing nations with a shortage of knowledge workers might, for example, “import” labor to kickstart industry. Wealthier nations, on the other hand, might outsource low-skill work to developing nations with a lower cost of living to reduce the cost of goods sold and pass those savings on to the customer.
  • Access to jobs: This point is directly related to labor. Through globalization, developing nations often gain access to jobs in the form of work that’s been outsourced by wealthier nations. While there are potential pitfalls to this (see “Disproportionate Growth” below), this work can significantly contribute to the local economy.
  • Access to resources: One of the primary reasons nations trade is to gain access to resources they otherwise wouldn’t have. Without this flow of resources across borders, many modern luxuries would be impossible to manufacture or produce. Smartphones, for example, are dependent on rare earth metals found in limited areas around the world.
  • The ability for nations to “specialize”: Global and regional cooperation allow nations to heavily lean into their economic strengths, knowing they can trade products for other resources. An example is a tropical nation that specializes in exporting a certain fruit. It’s been shown that when nations specialize in the production of goods or services in which they have an advantage, trade benefits both parties.

4 Ways Globalization Can Increase Economic Growth

2. Increased Global Cooperation

For a globalized economy to exist, nations must be willing to put their differences aside and work together. Therefore, increased globalization has been linked to a reduction—though not an elimination—of conflict.

“Of course, as long as there have been nations, they've been connected with each other through the exchange of lethal force—through war and conquest—and this threat has never gone away,” Reinhardt says in Global Business . “The conventional wisdom has been that the increased intensity of these other flows—goods, services, capital, people, and so on—have reduced the probability that the world's nations will fall back into the catastrophe of war.”

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3. Increased Cross-Border Investment

According to the course Global Business , globalization has led to an increase in cross-border investment. At the macroeconomic level, this international investment has been shown to enhance welfare on both sides of the equation.

The country that’s the source of the capital benefits because it can often earn a higher return abroad than domestically. The country that receives the inflow of capital benefits because that capital contributes to investment and, therefore, to productivity. Foreign investment also often comes with, or in the form of, technology, know-how, or access to distribution channels that can help the recipient nation.

Disadvantages of Globalization

1. increased competition.

When viewed as a whole, global free trade is beneficial to the entire system. Individual companies, organizations, and workers can be disadvantaged, however, by global competition. This is similar to how these parties might be disadvantaged by domestic competition: The pool has simply widened.

With this in mind, some firms, industries, and citizens may elect governments to pursue protectionist policies designed to buffer domestic firms or workers from foreign competition. Protectionism often takes the form of tariffs, quotas, or non-tariff barriers, such as quality or sanitation requirements that make it more difficult for a competing nation or business to justify doing business in the country. These efforts can often be detrimental to the overall economic performance of both parties.

“Although we live in an age of globalization, we also seem to be living in an age of anti-globalization,” Reinhardt says in Global Business . “Dissatisfaction with the results of freer trade, concern about foreign investment, and polarized views about immigration all seem to be playing important roles in rich-country politics in the United States and Europe. The threats in Western democracy to the post-war globalist consensus have never been stronger.”

2. Disproportionate Growth

Another issue of globalization is that it can introduce disproportionate growth both between and within nations. These effects must be carefully managed economically and morally.

Within countries, globalization often has the effect of increasing immigration. Macroeconomically, immigration increases gross domestic product (GDP), which can be an economic boon to the recipient nation. Immigration may, however, reduce GDP per capita in the short run if immigrants’ income is lower than the average income of those already living in the country.

Additionally, as with competition, immigration can benefit the country as a whole while imposing costs on people who may want their government to restrict immigration to protect them from those costs. These sentiments are often tied to and motivated—at least in part—by racism and xenophobia.

“Meanwhile, outside the rich world, hundreds of millions of people remain mired in poverty,” Reinhardt says in Global Business. “We don't seem to be able to agree about whether this is because of too much globalization or not enough.”

3. Environmental Concerns

Increased globalization has been linked to various environmental challenges, many of which are serious, including:

  • Deforestation and loss of biodiversity caused by economic specialization and infrastructure development
  • Greenhouse gas emissions and other forms of pollution caused by increased transportation of goods
  • The introduction of potentially invasive species into new environments

While such issues are governed by existing or proposed laws and regulations, businesses have made climate change concerns and sustainability a priority by, for example, embracing the tenets of the triple bottom line and the idea of corporate social responsibility .

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Managing the Risks of Globalization

The world is never going to abandon globalization. While it’s true that individual countries and regions put policies and practices in place that limit globalization, such as tariffs, it’s here to stay. The good news is that businesses and professionals willing to prepare for globalization’s challenges by developing strong social impact skills have the potential to benefit immensely.

Whether you’re a business owner, member of executive leadership, or an employee, understanding the impacts of globalization and how to identify its opportunities and risks can help you become more effective in your role and drive value for your organization.

Taking a course like Global Business is one path toward developing international business skills and gaining an understanding of the macroeconomic, political , and social conditions that continue to impact globalization.

Are you interested in breaking into a global market? Sharpen your knowledge of the international business world with Global Business , one of our online business in society courses . If you aren't sure which course is the right fit, download our free course flowchart .

This post was updated on February 26, 2024. It was originally published on April 15, 2021.

globalization essay pros and cons

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Pros and Cons of Globalization CSS ESSAY 2021

Pros and Cons of Globalization

Table of Contents

Thesis Statement

Globalization has brought numerous advantages and disadvantages to the world, impacting various aspects of society, economy, and culture. In this This essay we will explore the pros and cons of globalization, highlighting its benefits in terms of economic growth, technological advancements, and cultural exchange, while also discussing its challenges related to inequality, cultural homogenization, and environmental concerns.


Globalization has become a defining feature of the modern world, shaping various aspects of society, economy, and culture. As nations have become more interconnected and interdependent, it is important to examine the pros and cons of this phenomenon. While globalization has brought numerous benefits such as economic growth, technological advancements, and cultural exchange, it has also presented challenges including inequality, cultural homogenization, and environmental concerns. This essay will explore these pros and cons, shedding light on the complexities of globalization.

Exposition: Understanding Globalization

Globalization can be defined as the increasing interconnectedness and interdependence of nations in various aspects, including trade, communication, and technology. It has its roots in historical developments such as the expansion of trade routes and colonialism. However, it has gained momentum in recent decades due to advancements in transportation, communication, and the liberalization of trade policies. Globalization has enabled the flow of goods, services, capital, and information across borders, leading to increased global integration.

Pros of Globalization

Economic growth and development.

One of the key advantages of globalization is the potential for economic growth and development. Increased trade and investment opportunities have opened up new markets and expanded access to consumers worldwide. Businesses can now reach customers in different countries, leading to job creation, enhanced productivity, and overall economic prosperity. Globalization has also facilitated the transfer of technology and knowledge, fueling innovation and economic progress.

Technological Advancements

Globalization has accelerated the dissemination of information and knowledge through advancements in technology. The rapid exchange of ideas and expertise has led to breakthroughs in various fields, driving technological advancements. Innovations in areas such as communication, transportation, and medicine have transformed industries and improved the quality of life. Global collaboration and knowledge sharing have become easier, fostering scientific and technological progress.

Cultural Exchange and Diversity

The interconnectedness brought about by globalization has facilitated cultural exchange and diversity. People have greater exposure to diverse cultures, ideas, and perspectives from around the world. This exposure enriches societies by promoting cross-cultural understanding, tolerance, and appreciation. The exchange of artistic, literary, and culinary traditions has broadened cultural horizons, fostering a global tapestry of diversity and creativity.

Cons of Globalization

Economic inequality.

Despite the potential for economic growth, globalization has also led to increased economic inequality. The benefits of globalization are not evenly distributed, and wealth and resources tend to concentrate in the hands of a few. Developing countries often face challenges in competing with more developed nations, leading to disparities in wealth and living standards. Additionally, the exploitation of cheap labor in some parts of the world has raised concerns about fair trade practices and workers’ rights.

Cultural Homogenization

The dominance of Western cultural values and consumerism is a significant challenge posed by globalization. As global markets expand, there is a tendency for cultural homogenization, where local traditions and identities are marginalized or eroded. The influence of Western media, fashion, and entertainment can overshadow indigenous cultures, leading to the loss of cultural diversity. Preserving and promoting local traditions and languages becomes crucial in maintaining cultural richness and identity.

Environmental Concerns

Globalization has also raised environmental concerns. The increased movement of goods and people has resulted in higher carbon emissions and an ecological footprint. The overexploitation of natural resources to meet global demand poses threats to biodiversity and ecosystems. Environmental challenges, such as climate change and deforestation, require international cooperation and sustainable practices to mitigate their impact.

Addressing the Challenges

To manage the challenges of globalization, various strategies can be employed.

Economic Reforms and Redistribution

Implementing fair trade practices, ensuring workers’ rights, and promoting inclusive economic policies are essential in reducing economic inequality. Progressive taxation can help redistribute wealth and address disparities in income distribution.

Preserving Cultural Diversity

Supporting local arts, traditions, and languages is crucial in preserving cultural diversity. Governments and communities can take measures to protect and promote their cultural heritage, fostering intercultural dialogue and understanding.

Sustainable Development and Environmental Stewardship

Investing in renewable energy, adopting sustainable production and consumption practices, and strengthening international agreements on climate change and environmental protection are necessary steps in addressing environmental concerns. Global cooperation is vital in tackling shared environmental challenges.

Case Studies and Examples

Numerous case studies demonstrate both the positive impacts and negative consequences of globalization. For instance, countries like China and India have experienced remarkable economic growth and poverty reduction as a result of globalization. On the other hand, social unrest and environmental degradation have been observed in some regions due to unsustainable development practices.

Globalization is a multifaceted phenomenon with both benefits and challenges. While it has contributed to economic growth, technological advancements, and cultural exchange, it has also raised concerns regarding inequality, cultural homogenization, and environmental sustainability. Addressing these challenges requires a balanced approach that maximizes the benefits of globalization while mitigating its negative impacts. By promoting inclusive economic policies, preserving cultural diversity, and embracing sustainable practices, societies can navigate the complexities of globalization and create a more equitable and sustainable world.


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IELTS Essay, topic: The advantages and disadvantages of globalization

  • IELTS Essays - Band 8

Even though globalization affects the world’s economies in a very positive way, its negative side should not be forgotten. Discuss.

Globalization is such a commonly used term in the century. It simply means that the world has become integrated economically, socially, politically and culturally through the advances of technology, transportation and communication. It is undeniable that globalization has resulted in both positive and negative effects which must be addressed accordingly.

globalization essay pros and cons

Secondly, several companies from the more developed countries have already ventured to establish foreign operations or branches to take advantage of the low cost of labor in the poorer countries. This kind of business activity will provide more influx of cash or investment funds into the less developed countries.

However, one cannot deny the negative effects which derived from globalization. One crucial social aspect is the risk and danger of epidemic diseases which can easily be spread as the transportation becomes easier and faster in today’s advanced society. This is evidenced in the recent birds flu disease which has infected most Asian countries over a short period of time.

As large corporations invest or take over many offshore businesses, a modern form of colonization will also evolve which may pose certain power pressure on the local governments of the less developed countries. Unemployment rates in the more developed regions such as Europe may also escalate as corporations choose to outsource to the cheaper work force from Asian countries.

In conclusion. to reiterate that globalization is inevitable and we must urge individuals, companies and governments to use a more balanced approach by taking the appropriate steps to deal with matters relating to the financial or economical gains verses the social, political or ecological concerns of the world.

This essay is too long, 318 words instead of 250-265. Otherwise (except for some minor grammatical errors) it is a very nice work. It covers the task, has the right structure, the paragraphs are coherent and are logically connected by elegantly used linking words, the structure of sentences is fine and so is your vocabulary. Seems worthy of Band 7.5 or 8.

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Globalization Essay: Pros And Cons

About 10 or 20 years ago not so many people heard about globalization, and only few knew what it means. Today globalization issue is discussed by almost everyone. A lot of journalists, writers, and just ordinary people have already written numerous globalization essays, in which they highlight different aspects of this phenomenon. Contingently all the essays on globalization can be divided into 2 groups: the first group supports globalization and tells about its advantages, the second one is against it and emphasizes its weak points. In this essay on globalization we try to remain neutral and to show you both pros and cons.

The concept of “globalization” is very multifaceted. In simple words globalization is a process of the world transformation into a unified system. In the end of the last century globalization became actual topic for thinking; discussions about it did not stop but strengthened instead. Globalization implies the integration of the economic, cultural, political and religious spheres, however, the most sensational is globalization of the economy.

Combining of space in one zone and unlimited movement in it of information resources, funds, labor, goods and services, the free expression of ideas, the development, strengthening and interaction of social institutions – all these form the world economic globalization.

Sources of globalization

1. Scientific and technical progress, in particular the development of the Internet, by means of which the distance between countries is erased. Today we have the possibility to get news from any place of the world, as soon as they occur, watch images and video from satellites in real time. It has also become available distance learning in educational institutions of any country.

2. World trade, which has become much freer as a result of liberal measures. Thanks to the taken measures tariffs on trade in goods and services from abroad reduced.

3. Transnationalization, which in essence is an exchange between the countries of the goods, which in one country are in abundance, and in another there is a lack of those goods. Multinational companies today captured financial and information market. The economies of all countries are becoming a global.

4. The transition to a market relations, which is more or less occurred in Europe and the former Soviet Union, and thus supported the economic views of the United States.

5. Union of the cultural traditions. The media are becoming homogeneous and globalized. English has become the international language, as in former times Russian was main for the countries of the USSR.

1. Globalization has created an international competition. Competition, in its turn, is a stimulator of the production, as much it is harder as much the level of production is higher. After all, every manufacturer tries to occupy a favorable place in international trade field, so he tries to do everything so that his goods look more attractive than the competitors’.

2. Globalization has provoked economy of industrial scale, which contributed to avoiding shocks in the economy and to lower prices.

3. International trade is beneficial to all the subjects of market relations; creation of trade unions only accelerates the process of globalization.

4. The introduction of modern technology improves productivity.

5. Countries in the development stage can catch up with the advanced state, globalization gives them a head start to improve their economic situation and take strong foothold on the world stage.

1. Benefits of globalization can not be equally distributed across the world. Some industrial sectors from international trade make huge profits, the inflow of skilled labor force from abroad, the financing, while others are losing competitiveness, become unnecessary. Forgotten industries need time and money to reconstruct, to adjust to the new conditions of life. Often they do not manage to do it, so the owners lose their money, people lose their work. These changes greatly hurt the national economy of each country, make changes in the economic structure, and the unemployment rate increases.

2. The de-industrialization of the economy. The manufacturing sector loses its ground, while its place takes the thriving service industry. People have to train for a new profession to find their place in this global changing system.

3. Competition creates a large gap between qualified and no qualified personnel. Salary of the first ones increases significantly, while the second receive a penny or even lose their source of income. This again raises the unemployment, which undermines globalization. But at the same time it is also a good incentive for people to train, develop and acquire a qualification.

4. Globalization has a significant impact on the ecosystem of the world. Conflicts over the use of natural resources can not be avoided. The world is already on the verge of tremendous discord caused by deforestation, pollution of the oceans and seas, and the irrational use of the goods of the Earth.

All this can cause irreparable harm to humanity and the planet as a whole.

Globalization is a fact of modern life; it is an irreversible process, inescapable fate of world development. Globalization can not be good or bad.

So let’s sum up everything we have already mentioned. Globalization is a world phenomenon; it is a process that affects every country of the world, their economies and the lives. On the one hand it unites the whole world, on the other hand globalization makes the line between developed and backward countries more apparent. The competition, which affects really all areas of production, is the main globalization engine on the world market. Only those companies that are able to compete can survive. The biggest globalization disadvantage is that backward countries will suffer the most, as they will not be able to take their place on the global market.

Now having read this essay about globalization you are able to form your own valid view on this issue. We have other essays for you on various topics. Visit our website and you will find everything you need. Also our qualified team can help you any time. On you are always welcome!

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What Is Globalization?

Understanding globalization, the history of globalization.

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Globalization in Business With History and Pros and Cons

globalization essay pros and cons

Globalization refers to the spread of the flow of financial products, goods, technology, information, and jobs across national borders and cultures. In economic terms, it describes an interdependence of nations around the globe fostered through free trade .

Key Takeaways

  • Globalization is the spread of products, technology, information, and jobs across nations.
  • Corporations in developed nations can gain a competitive edge through globalization.
  • Developing countries also benefit through globalization as they tend to be more cost-effective and therefore attract jobs.
  • The benefits of globalization have been questioned as the positive effects are not necessarily distributed equally.
  • One clear result of globalization is that an economic downturn in one country can create a domino effect through its trade partners.

Alex Dos Diaz / Investopedia

Corporations gain a competitive advantage on multiple fronts through globalization. They can reduce operating costs by manufacturing abroad, buy raw materials more cheaply because of the reduction or removal of tariffs , and most of all, they gain access to millions of new consumers.

Globalization is a social, cultural, political, and legal phenomenon. 

  • Socially, it leads to greater interaction among various populations.
  • Culturally, globalization represents the exchange of ideas, values, and artistic expression among cultures.
  • Globalization also represents a trend toward the development of a single world culture. 
  • Politically, globalization has shifted attention to intergovernmental organizations like the United Nations (UN) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
  • Legally, globalization has altered how international law is created and enforced.

On one hand, globalization has created new jobs and economic growth through the cross-border flow of goods, capital, and labor. On the other hand, this growth and job creation are not distributed evenly across industries or countries.

Specific industries in certain countries, such as textile manufacturing in the U.S. or corn farming in Mexico, have suffered severe disruption or outright collapse as a result of increased international competition.

Globalization's motives are idealistic, as well as opportunistic, but the development of a global free market has benefited large corporations based in the Western world. Its impact remains mixed for workers, cultures, and small businesses around the globe, in both developed and emerging nations .

Globalization is not a new concept. Traders traveled vast distances in ancient times to buy commodities that were rare and expensive for sale in their homelands. The Industrial Revolution brought advances in transportation and communication in the 19th century that eased trade across borders.

The think tank Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) states globalization stalled after World War I, and nations moved toward protectionism as they launched import taxes to more closely guard their industries in the aftermath of the conflict. This trend continued through the Great Depression and World War II until the U.S. took on an instrumental role in reviving international trade .

Globalization has sped up at an unprecedented pace, with public policy changes and communications technology innovations cited as the two main driving factors.

One of the critical steps in the path to globalization came with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), signed in 1993. One of NAFTA's many effects was to give American auto manufacturers the incentive to relocate a portion of their manufacturing to Mexico where they could save on the costs of labor. NAFTA was replaced in 2020 by the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMC) .

Governments worldwide have integrated a free market economic system through  fiscal policies  and trade agreements in the 20th century. The core of most trade agreements is the removal or reduction of tariffs.

This evolution of economic systems has increased industrialization and financial opportunities in many nations. Governments now focus on removing barriers to trade and promoting international commerce.

Pros and Cons of Globalization

A larger market for goods and services

Cheaper consumer prices

Outsourcing can benefit both domestic firms and foreign labor

Increased standard of living

Concentrates wealth in richer countries

Some poorer countries can be left behind

Poorer countries can be exploited of their labor and physical & intellectual resources

Cultures and the products consumed around the world can become homogenized

Proponents of globalization believe it allows developing countries to catch up to industrialized nations through increased manufacturing, diversification, economic expansion, and improvements in standards of living .

Outsourcing by companies brings jobs and technology to developing countries, which helps them to grow their economies. Trade initiatives increase cross-border trading by removing supply-side and trade-related constraints.

Globalization has advanced  social justice  on an international scale as well, and advocates report that it has focused attention on human rights worldwide that might have otherwise been ignored on a large scale.

One clear result of globalization is that an economic downturn in one country can create a domino effect through its trade partners. For example, the 2008 financial crisis had a severe impact on Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Greece, and Spain. All these countries were members of the European Union , which had to step in to bail out debt-laden nations, which were thereafter known by the acronym PIIGS .

Globalization detractors argue that it has created a concentration of wealth and power in the hands of a small corporate elite that can gobble up smaller competitors around the globe.

Globalization has become a polarizing issue in the U.S. with the disappearance of entire industries to new locations abroad. It's seen as a major factor in the economic squeeze on the middle class .

For better and worse, globalization has also increased homogenization. Starbucks, Nike, and Gap dominate commercial space in many nations. The sheer size and reach of the U.S. have made the cultural exchange among nations largely a one-sided affair.

What Is Globalization and Why Is it Important?

In essence, globalization is about the world becoming increasingly interconnected . Countries today are more connected than ever before, due to factors such as air travel, containerized sea shipping, international trade agreements and legal treaties, and the Internet. In the world of business, globalization is associated with trends such as outsourcing, free trade, and international supply chains. Globalization is important as it increases the size of the global market, and allows more and different goods to be produced and sold for cheaper prices.

Globalization is also important because it is one of the most powerful forces affecting the modern world, so much so that it can be difficult to make sense of the world without understanding globalization. For example, many of the largest and most successful corporations in the world are in effect truly multinational organizations, with offices and supply chains stretched right across the world. These companies would not be able to exist if not for the complex network of trade routes, international legal agreements, and telecommunications infrastructure that were made possible through globalization. Important political developments, such as the ongoing trade conflict between the United States and China, are also directly related to globalization.

Is Globalization Good or Bad?

It depends. Proponents of globalization will point to the dramatic decline in poverty throughout the world for more than two decades after around year 2000, which many economists attribute in part to increased trade and investment between nations. Similarly, they will argue that globalization has allowed products and services such as cellphones, airplanes, and information technology to be spread far more widely throughout the world. On the other hand, critics of globalization will point to the negative impact it has had on specific nations’ industries, which might face increased competition from international firms. Globalization can also have negative environmental impacts due to economic development, industrialization, and international travel.

How Does Globalization Impact Society?

Globalization has had a large impact on societies around the world, leading to massive migrations from rural to industrial or urban areas, leading to the rapid growth of cities and trade hubs. While this has led to an overall increase in incomes and a higher standard of living in general, it has also led to problems of urbanization including crime, domestic violence, homelessness, and poverty. Concepts of national identity, culture, and consumption patterns also change as goods from around the world become increasingly available and at low prices. The competitiveness of global capitalism may also lead to more individualistic ideals that contradict the cultural orientations of certain, more collectivist societies.

What Is an Example of Globalization?

A simple example of globalization would be a car manufactured in the U.S. that sources parts from China, Japan, South Korea, Sri Lanka, and South Africa. The car is then exported to Europe, where it is sold to a driver who fills the car's gas tank with gasoline refined from Saudi oil.

Globalization refers to the ongoing trend of increased interconnectivity across the globe, as enabled by advancements in transportation and information technology, among others. Globalization is economically facilitated by free trade agreements, which permit barrier-free imports and exports across borders. While globalization brings many advantages—including lower prices and higher standards of living—it also has drawbacks, including wealth concentration and cultural homogenization.

Peterson Institute for International Economics. " What Is Globalization? "

Congressional Research Service. " The North American Free Trade Agreement ," Page 1.

Congressional Research Service. " The North American Free Trade Agreement ." Pages 16-17.

Office of the United States Trade Representative. " United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement ."

FasterCapital. “ Financial Bailout: PIIGS and Financial Bailouts: Lessons From the Crisis .”

Macrotrends. “ World Poverty Rate 1981-2024 .”

globalization essay pros and cons

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Is Globalization Good Or Bad: Evaluating The Pros and Cons

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Published: Sep 5, 2023

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The advantages of globalization, the disadvantages of globalization, striking a balance.

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globalization essay pros and cons

Pros and Cons of Globalization

Trade has been the driving force of the global economy and interaction of communities since ancient times. With the technological advancement and evolution of society, international commerce is heightened. Currently, one can order goods from abroad and receive them anywhere around the world. The interconnectivity of the countries results from increased globalization, which raises controversy. Some view it as a setback, while others praise the phenomenon for reduced prices of commodities (World Economic Forum, 2019). Nonetheless, globalization has both benefits and downsides, with the advantages outweighing the disadvantages.

Globalization allows goods and services to be available to most people at low prices. The proponents of the concepts support it due to the affordability of commodities. Even people from impoverished nations have a chance to buy items. Additionally, international trade creates millions of jobs, which lift people out of poverty. Globalization allows businesses to invest in the capital-scare nation leading to the creation of employment for the locals (World Economic Forum, 2019). Typically, the developing countries that are rich with labor gain from the concept.

On the contrary, the freedom of conducting business across borders comes with myriad setbacks. For instance, in the developed nations such as America, the citizens experience competition for jobs, especially in the manufacturing industries. Citizens from developing countries offer cheap labor, and any business tends to choose less expensive services to maximize profits. Similarly, the developing nations experience stiff competition from developed countries that produce more affordable goods (World Economic Forum, 2019). Hence, most people tend to buy foreign items leading to losses for the domestic producers.

Overall, the advantages of globalization outweigh the disadvantages. Even though there is still a significant economic disparity among countries, the concept has enhanced the rapid developments of the impoverished nations by creating jobs and availing goods and services at affordable prices. For the few setbacks, it is upon the individual countries to enact domestic policies shielding their industries and workers from foreign competition.

World Economic Forum. (2019). An economist explains the pros and cons of globalization [Facebook video]. Web.

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